Nephrotic Syndrome Study Network (NEPTUNE)
Minimal change disease (MCD), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), and Membranous nephropathy (MN), generate an enormous individual and societal financial burden, accounting for approximately 12% of prevalent end stage renal disease (ESRD) cases (2005) at an annual cost in the US of more than $3 billion. However, the clinical classification of these diseases is widely believed to be inadequate by the scientific community. Given the poor understanding of MCD/FSGS and MN biology, it is not surprising that the available therapies are imperfect. The therapies lack a clear biological basis, and as many families have experienced, they are often not beneficial, and in fact may be significantly toxic. Given these observations, it is essential that research be conducted that address these serious obstacles to effectively caring for patients. In response to a request for applications by the National Institutes of Health, Office of Rare Diseases (NIH, ORD) for the creation of Rare Disease Clinical Research Consortia, a number of affiliated universities joined together with The NephCure Foundation the NIDDK, the ORDR, and the University of Michigan in collaboration towards the establishment of a Nephrotic Syndrome (NS) Rare Diseases Clinical Research Consortium. Through this consortium the investigators hope to understand the fundamental biology of these rare diseases and aim to bank long-term observational data and corresponding biological specimens for researchers to access and further enrich.
• Documented urinary protein excretion ≥1500 mg/24 hours or spot protein: creatinine ratio equivalent at the time of diagnosis or within 3 months of the screening/eligibility visit.
• Scheduled renal biopsy Cohort B (non-biopsy, cNEPTUNE)
• Age <19 years of age
• Initial presentation with <30 days immunosuppression therapy
• UA>2+ and edema OR
• UA>2+ and serum albumin <3 OR
• UPC > 2g/g and serum albumin <3 Exclusion Criteria (Cohort A&B):
• Prior solid organ transplant
• A clinical diagnosis of glomerulopathy without diagnostic renal biopsy
• Clinical, serological or histological evidence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) as defined by the ARA criteria. Patients with membranous in combination with SLE will be excluded because this entity is well defined within the International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society categories of lupus nephritis, and frequently overlaps with other classification categories of SLE nephritis (68)
• Clinical or histological evidence of other renal diseases (Alport, Nail Patella, Diabetic Nephropathy, IgA-nephritis, monoclonal gammopathy (multiple myelomas), genito-urinary malformations with vesico-urethral reflux or renal dysplasia)
• Known systemic disease diagnosis at time of enrollment with a life expectancy less than 6 months
• Unwillingness or inability to give a comprehensive informed consent
• Unwillingness to comply with study procedures and visit schedule
• Institutionalized individuals (e.g., prisoners)
Phase 1 Dose-escalating Study of MM-398 (Irinotecan Sucrosofate Liposome Injection) Plus Intravenous Cyclophosphamide in Recurrent or Refractory Pediatric Solid Tumors
This is a Phase 1 study of the combination of two drugs: MM-398 and Cyclophosphamide. The goal is to find the highest dose of MM-398 that can be given safely when it is used together with the chemotherapy drug Cyclophosphamide.
• Histologically or cytologically-confirmed Ewing sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, or osteosarcoma
• Disease progression after prior therapy in locally advanced or metastatic setting
• Measurable or evaluable disease based on the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST v1.1) criteria
• Age 12 months to <21 years
• Adequate bone marrow reserves, hepatic function, and renal function
• Recovered from effects of any prior surgery or cancer therapy
• Patients 18 years or older will provide written consent. A parent or legal guardian of a patient <18 years of age will provide informed consent and patients 11 to 18 years of age will provide written assent or as per participating institutional policy.
• Clinically significant gastrointestinal disorders
• NYHA Class III or IV congestive heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias or uncontrolled blood pressure
• Active infection or unexplained fever
• Known hypersensitivity to any of the components of MM-398 or other liposomal products
• Recent Investigational therapy
• Pregnant or breast feeding; females of child-bearing potential must test negative for pregnancy at the time of enrollment
A Phase 1 Dose Escalation and Cohort Expansion Study of TSR-042, an Anti-PD-1 Monoclonal Antibody, in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors (GARNET)
This is a multicenter, open-label, first-in-human Phase 1 study evaluating the anti-programmed death receptor 1 (anti-PD-1) antibody TSR-042 in patients with advanced solid tumors who have limited available treatment options. The study will be conducted in 2 parts: dose escalation and cohort expansion. The cohort expansion may include up to 5 tumor types, including endometrial and Non-Small Cell Lung cancer.
• Patient is at least 18 years of age
• Patient with advanced or metastatic solid tumor and has disease progression after treatment with available therapies that are known to confer clinical benefit or who are intolerant to treatment that meets the following requirements for the part of the study they will participate in:
• Part 1: Patient with any advanced or metastatic solid tumor
• Part 2A: Patient with any advanced or metastatic solid tumor
• Part 2B: Patient with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) and Endometrial cancers
• Female patients, if of childbearing potential, must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to the date of the first dose of study medication.
• Female patients of childbearing potential must agree to use 2 adequate methods of contraception with their partner starting with the screening visit through 150 days after the last dose of study therapy.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of ≤ 2 for Part 1 and ≤ 1 for Part 2. Adequate organ function.
• Patient has received prior therapy with an anti- programmed death receptor 1 (anti-PD-1), anti-PD-1- ligand-1 (anti-PD-L1), or anti-PD-1 ligand-2 (anti-PD- L2) agent.
• Known uncontrolled central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Note: Patients with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are clinically stable off steroids for at least 7 days prior to study treatment. Carcinomatous meningitis precludes a patient from study participation regardless of clinical stability.
• Known additional malignancy that progressed or required active treatment within the last 2 years. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell cancer (SqCC) of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy, or in situ cervical cancer.
• Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).
• Known active hepatitis B (eg, hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (eg, hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) (qualitative) is detected).
• Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (ie, with use of disease- modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (eg, thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
• History of interstitial lung disease.
Multicenter Trial of Congenital Pulmonic Valve Dysfunction Studying the SAPIEN 3 THV With the Alterra Adaptive Prestent (ALTERRA)
To demonstrate the safety and functionality of the Edwards Alterra Adaptive Prestent in conjunction with the Edwards SAPIEN 3 Transcatheter Heart Valve (THV) System in patients with a dysfunctional right ventricular outflow tract/pulmonary valve (RVOT/PV) who are indicated for treatment of pulmonary regurgitation (PR).
• The patient/patient's legally authorized representative has been informed of the nature of the study, agrees to its provisions and has provided written informed consent.
• Pediatric or adult patent whose weight is ≥ 20 kg (44 lbs).
• The patient has a dysfunctional RVOT/PV.
• RVOT/PV proximal and distal landing zone diameter ≥ 27 mm and ≤ 38 mm and/or minimum of 35 mm from contractile tissue to lowest pulmonary artery takeoff immediately prior to Alterra Prestent insertion.
• Active infection requiring current antibiotic therapy (if temporary illness, patient may be a candidate 2 weeks after discontinuation of antibiotics).
• History of or active endocarditis (active treatment with antibiotics) within the past 180 days.
• Leukopenia (WBC < 2000 cells/μL), anemia (Hgb < 7 g/dL), thrombocytopenia (platelets < 50,000 cells/μL) or any known blood clotting disorder.
• Inappropriate anatomy for introduction and delivery of the Alterra Adaptive Prestent or the SAPIEN 3 THV.
STaph Aureus Resistance-Treat Early and Repeat (STAR-TER) (STAR-TER)
To evaluate the micro-biologic efficacy and safety of a streamlined treatment for early onset methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in patients with cystic fibrosis.
• Male or female ≥ 2 and ≤ 45 years of age at the Screening Visit.
• Documentation of a CF diagnosis as evidenced by one or more clinical features consistent with the CF phenotype and one or more of the following criteria:
• sweat chloride ≥ 60 milliequivalents/liter by quantitative pilocarpine iontophoresis test (QPIT)
• two well-characterized mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductive regulator (CFTR) gene
• abnormal nasal potential difference(NPD) (change in NPD in response to a low chloride solution and isoproteronol of less than -5 mV)
• First OR early MRSA colonization defined as:
• First MRSA colonization: first documented isolation of MRSA from respiratory tract occurred ≤ 6 months prior to screening
• Early MRSA colonization: MRSA was previously isolated from the respiratory tract ≤ 2 times over the past 3.5 years, but this was followed by at least 1 year of documented negative cultures for MRSA
• MRSA is available to the central laboratory - either the incident MRSA isolate from the clinic visit or the subject is MRSA positive at the screening visit
• Clinically stable with no significant changes in health status within the 14 days prior to screening
• Written informed consent (and assent when applicable) obtained from subject or subject's legal representative and ability for subject to comply with the requirements of the study
• Received antibiotics with activity against MRSA within 28 days prior to screening
• Use of an investigational agent within 28 days prior to screening
• For subjects ≥ 6 years of age: FEV1 at screening < 25% of predicted for age based on the Wang (males < 18 years, females < 16 years) or Hankinson (males ≥ 18 years, females ≥ 16 years) standardized equations
• MRSA from the screening culture or the most recent clinical care visit within 6 months prior to screening resistant to TMP/SMX
• History of intolerance to topical chlorhexidine or mupirocin
• History of intolerance to both TMP/SMX and minocycline
• < 8 years of age and allergic or intolerant to TMP/SMX
• ≥ 8 years of age and allergic or intolerant to TMP/SMX and MRSA isolate (from screening or clinical care visit)is resistant to minocycline
• For females of child bearing potential: pregnant, breastfeeding, or unwilling to use barrier contraception through Day 42 of the study
• Subjects with history of abnormal renal function will need screening labs showing normal function Abnormal renal function is defined as estimated creatinine clearance <50 mL/min using the:
• Bedside Schwartz Equation for subjects <18 years of age, and
• Levey Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) Equation for subjects ≥ 18 years of age.
• Subjects with a history of abnormal liver function will need to have screening labs showing normal transaminases. Liver dysfunction is defined as ≥3x upper limit of normal (ULN), of serum aspartate transaminase (AST) or serum alanine transaminase (ALT) or abnormal synthetic function
• History of solid organ or hematological transplantation
• Presence of a condition or abnormality that in the opinion of the Investigator would compromise the safety of the patient or the quality of the data.
Safety and Durability of Sirolimus for Treatment of LAM (MIDAS)
The MIDAS study aims to follow LAM patients who are currently taking, have previously failed or been intolerant of, or may (at some time in the future) take mTOR inhibitors (sirolimus or everolimus) as part of their clinical care. Adult female TSC patients may also enroll, with or without lung cysts.
• Female, age 18 or over
• Diagnosis of LAM
• Signed and dated informed consent
• On chronic therapy, newly treated or may be considered for therapy with mTOR inhibitors or previously intolerant of or having failed mTOR inhibitor therapy
• Inability to attend at least one RLD Clinic visit per year
• Inability to give informed consent
• Inability or unwillingness to perform pulmonary function testing
Study of Biomarker-Based Treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia
This screening and multi-sub-study Phase 1b/2 trial will establish a method for genomic screening followed by assigning and accruing simultaneously to a multi-study "Master Protocol (BAML-16-001-M1)." The specific subtype of acute myeloid leukemia will determine which sub-study, within this protocol, a participant will be assigned to evaluate investigational therapies or combinations with the ultimate goal of advancing new targeted therapies for approval. The study also includes a marker negative sub-study which will include all screened patients not eligible for any of the biomarker-driven sub-studies.
• Adults, age 60 years or older at the time of diagnosis
• Subjects or their legal representative must be able to understand and provide written informed consent
• Cohort Inclusion Criteria - Group A: Subjects must have previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) according to the WHO classification with no prior treatment other than hydroxyurea. Prior therapy for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), myeloproliferative syndromes (MPD), or aplastic anemia is permitted but not with hypomethylating agents.
• Cohort Inclusion Criteria - Group B: Subjects must have relapsed or refractory AML according to the WHO classification. For study purposes, refractory AML is defined as failure to ever achieve CR or recurrence of AML within 6 months of achieving CR; relapsed AML is defined as all others with disease after prior remission. (Group B is not currently recruiting. Expected to begin recruiting in 3rd quarter 2017.)
• Isolated myeloid sarcoma (meaning, patients must have blood or marrow involvement with AML to enter the study)
• Acute promyelocytic leukemia
• Symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) involvement by AML
• Signs of leukostasis requiring urgent therapy
• Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy with active bleeding or signs of thrombosis
• Patients with psychological, familial, social, or geographic factors that otherwise preclude them from giving informed consent, following the protocol, or potentially hamper compliance with study treatment and follow-up
• Any other significant medical condition, including psychiatric illness or laboratory abnormality, that would preclude the patient participating in the trial or would confound the interpretation of the results of the trial
Zoster Eye Disease Study (ZEDS)
This is a multi-center, randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled clinical trial of suppressive valacyclovir for one year in immunocompetent study participants with an episode of dendriform epithelial keratitis, stromal keratitis, endothelial keratitis, and/or iritis due to Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus (HZO) in the year prior to enrollment.
• Ability to understand, and willingness and ability to read and sign, the informed consent form.
• Ability to understand and follow instructions and study procedures.
• Willingness to comply with all study procedures and be available for the duration of the study.
• Ability to take oral medication, and are willing to adhere to study medication regimen.
• Age 18 years or older.
• Diagnosed with HZO in one eye based on both of these criteria:
• History of characteristic unilateral vesicular rash in the dermatomal distribution of cranial nerve V1.
• Medical record documentation of an episode of active dendriform epithelial keratitis, stromal keratitis, endothelial keratitis, and/or iritis due to HZO within the preceding year. This episode of active anterior segment ocular disease may be due to HZO of recent onset (within the preceding 6 months); or chronic HZO (with onset six or more months ago); may be new, worsening, or recurrent disease after a period of inactivity; and may occur after medication was reduced. i. Study participants with chronic HZO must be on a stable treatment regimen and off antivirals for at least 30 days before enrollment. Study participants with chronic HZO who do not meet this criterion may be rescreened, if they are able to meet this criterion within 3 months after the study visit. (This is not a requirement for study participants with recent onset HZO, who may be enrolled at any time, preferably after completing recommended acute antiviral treatment, if prescribed, is completed).
• For females with reproductive potential, willingness to use highly effective contraception (e.g., hormonal contraception, barrier contraception, intrauterine device, or abstinence). PARTICIPANT EXCLUSION CRITERIA An individual who meets any of the following criteria will be excluded from participation in this study:
• History of immunocompromised status as defined by current CDC contraindications for the vaccine against zoster (44).
• Study participants who are diagnosed with leukemia, lymphomas or other malignant neoplasms affecting bone marrow or lymphatic system, unless leukemia in remission and off chemotherapy for at least 3 months.
• Study participants who are diagnosed with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) or presents with other clinical manifestations of Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) including CD4 count of ≤ 200 cells/ml.
• Study participants on immunosuppressive therapy including: i. High-dose corticosteroids (greater than equivalent of prednisone 20 mg/day within 1 month) ii. Chemotherapy, other than low dose used for treatment of immune-mediated diseases within 3 months iii. Study participants receiving recombinant human immune mediators and immune modulators, especially antitumor necrosis agents, within 1 month prior to enrollment d. Study participants with unspecified cellular immunodeficiency. e. Study participants with history of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
• Medical history of a systemic disease and thought likely to meet one of the exclusion criteria listed in exclusion criterion #1 during the 18-month study period.
• Renal insufficiency:
• Requires dialysis or has history of renal transplant or
• eGFR less than 45, determined within 30 days preceding enrollment.
• Allergy or adverse reaction to valacyclovir or acyclovir.
• History of vaccination against zoster within one month prior to enrollment. Study participants who meet this exclusion criterion may be rescreened.
• Keratoplasty or keratorefractive surgery of the involved eye with zoster.
• On systemic antivirals with activity against herpes within the past 30 days, including acyclovir, valacyclovir, or famciclovir, for any reason except for treatment of acute HZO, including investigational drug trial.
• History of another condition that may require treatment with one of these three antivirals listed above in exclusion criterion #7, during the course of the study; study participants who require chronic suppressive antiviral treatment with these medications will be excluded.
• Sexually active women who are pregnant, nursing, or in their reproductive years who do not agree to use contraception during the 1-year treatment period.
• Any condition or circumstance that in the opinion of the study investigator, would place the study participant in increased risk or affect his/her full compliance or completion of the study.
• Participation in a clinical study testing a drug, biologic, device or other intervention within the last 30 days from enrollment visit. Study participants who meet this criterion may be rescreened.
Neurocognitive Decline in Patients With Brain Metastases
The phase I component of the study is to identify maximal tolerated dose (MTD). The phase II is to evaluate neurocognitive decline.
• Age ≥ 18 years.
• ECOG Performance Score of 2 or better/Karnofsky Performance score of 50-60 or better.
• Biopsy-proven non-hematopoietic malignancy, except for germ cell cancer. Small cell lung carcinoma is eligible for this study.
• Six or more metastases on diagnostic or treatment planning imaging, which include either CT Brain (with contrast) or MR Brain (with or without contrast) imaging.
• Largest tumor <= 4 cm.
• No prior SRS to the lesions which will be treated on protocol.
• Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 90 days following completion of therapy. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, marital status, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:
• Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
• Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
• Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.
• Prior whole brain radiotherapy
• Patients with leptomeningeal metastasis. (NOTE: For the purposes of exclusion, LMD is a clinical diagnosis, defined as positive CSF cytology and/or equivocal radiologic or clinical evidence of leptomeningeal involvement. Patients with leptomeningeal symptoms in the setting of leptomeningeal enhancement by imaging (MRI) would be considered to have LMD even in the absence of positive CSF cytology, unless a parenchymal lesion can adequately explain the neurologic symptoms and/or signs. In contrast, an asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patient with mild or nonspecific leptomeningeal enhancement (MRI) would not be considered to have LMD. In that patient, CSF sampling is not required to formally exclude LMD, but can be performed at the investigator's discretion based on level of clinical suspicion.)
• Patients with life expectancy < 4 months.
• Psychiatric illness/social situations that, in the opinion of the investigator, would limit compliance with study requirements.
• Subjects must not be pregnant or nursing due to the potential for congenital abnormalities and the potential of this regimen to harm nursing infants.
Operative Versus Non-Operative Treatment for Atraumatic Rotator Cuff Tears (ARC)
Rotator cuff tears are one of the most common reasons to seek musculoskeletal care in the United States and one of the fastest growing ambulatory surgery procedures. However, data on comparison of operative versus non-operative treatment is lacking and urgently needed.
• Aged =>50 years to <85 years
• Shoulder pain and/or loss of range of active motion, strength or function
• MRI-confirmed partial- or full-thickness supraspinatus and/or infraspinatus tear of 4cm or less in longitudinal dimension
• Medically fit for surgery, defined as Category I-III per American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status Classification
• Ability and willingness to provide informed consent
• Primary diagnosis is something other than a rotator cuff tear
• History (in last 2 years) of shoulder fracture involving the humeral head on affected side
• Previous rotator cuff surgery on affected side
• Isolated subscapularis &/or teres minor tear on affected side
• Acute rotator cuff tear caused by a severe trauma
• Shoulder used as a weight-bearing joint
• Contraindication to MRI (claustrophobia, pacemaker, pregnancy, shoulder implant, etc.)
• Glenohumeral osteoarthritis on xrays/MRI
• Grade 4 fatty infiltration of rotator cuff (any tendons)
• Candidate for shoulder arthroplasty at baseline
• Non-English speaking
Tacrolimus/Everolimus vs. Tacrolimus/MMF in Pediatric Heart Transplant Recipients Using the MATE Score (TEAMMATE)
The TEAMMATE Trial will enroll 210 pediatric heart transplant patients from 25 centers at 6 months post-transplant and follow each patient for 2.5 years. Half of the participants will receive everolimus and low-dose tacrolimus and the other half will receive tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil. The trial will determine which treatment is better at reducing the cumulative risk of coronary artery vasculopathy, chronic kidney disease and biopsy proven-acute cellular rejection without an increase in graft loss due to all causes (e.g. infection, PTLD, antibody mediated rejection).
• Orthotopic heart transplantation
• Age < 21 years at time of transplant
• Stable immunosuppression at the time of randomization with no contraindication to everolimus, tacrolimus, or mycophenolate mofetil
• Planned follow-up at a study site for the 30 month duration of the study.
• Subject or legal adult representative capable of providing informed consent (in general, assent will be sought for children aged 12 years or older).
• Multi-organ transplant (e.g. heart-lung or heart-liver).
• Known hypersensitivity to everolimus, sirolimus, tacrolimus or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), or to components of the drug products.
• Patients on maintenance corticosteroid therapy exceeding a dose equivalent of prednisone 0.1 mg/kg/day at randomization.
• High-risk for rejection defined as active rejection, recurrent (≥ 2 episodes of grade 2R rejection) cellular rejection, recurrent rejection (≥ 2 episodes of any grade) with hemodynamic compromise, steroid-resistant rejection or unresolved antibody-mediated rejection during the first 6 months post-heart transplant
• Graft dysfunction (LVEF <40% or wedge pressure >22 mmHg or cardiac index <2.2 L/min/m2)
• Stage 4 or 5 CKD (eGFR <30 ml/min/1.73 m2) or moderate proteinuria (urine protein to urine creatinine ratio >0.5 mg/mg).
• Active infection requiring hospitalization or treatment dose medical therapy.
• Patients with ongoing wound healing problems, clinically significant wound infection requiring continued therapy or other severe surgical complication in the opinion of the Site Principal Investigator.
• Fasting Serum Cholesterol ≥300 mg/dL OR greater than or equal to 7.75 mmol/L, AND fasting triglycerides ≥2.5x the upper limit of normal (ULN). Note: In case one or both of these thresholds are exceeded, the patient can only be included after initiation of appropriate lipid lowering medication, and reduction of serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels to below exclusion ranges is confirmed.
• Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.
• Diagnosis of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) during the first 6 months post-heart transplant.
• History of non-adherence to medical regimens.
• Patients who are treated with drugs that are strong inducers or inhibitors of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and cannot discontinue the treatment
• Patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding or intend to get pregnant during the study period.
A Study of Therapeutic Iobenguane (131-I) and Vorinostat for Recurrent or Progressive High-Risk Neuroblastoma Subjects (OPTIMUM)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 131I-MIBG in combination with Vorinostat in patients with Recurrent or Progressive neuroblastoma
• Subjects with a diagnosis of iobenguane avid, high-risk neuroblastoma based on Revised INRC criteria at the time of study enrollment with recurrent or progressive disease at any time prior to enrollment, regardless of overall response to frontline therapy, where frontline therapy includes a minimum of 4 cycles of induction therapy at any time prior to enrollment.
• May have had prior 131I-MIBG therapy, provided:
• It has been at least 6 months from the date of last 131I-MIBG ;
• Response was other than progressive disease on first restaging after 131I-MIBG ;
• Prior 131I-MIBG was given as monotherapy and not in combination with systemic anticancer agents;
• Cumulative lifetime dose of 131I-MIBG at enrollment does not exceed 18 mCi/kg.
• All soft tissue lesions identified on CT/MRI scans must be iobenguane avid lesions on an (123I)-iobenguane scan, or
• any progressive non-iobenguane avid lesion is proven by biopsy to be a non-neuroblastoma lesion.
• any other non-avid lesion is comprised of a fibrotic or scarred mass as shown by routine imaging and confirmed by the investigator.
• Adequate cryopreserved autologous peripheral blood stem cells or bone marrow (at least 2 aliquots of 2.0 × 10exp6 CD34/kg at the time of study enrollment).
• If a male, must agree to use an adequate contraception method as deemed appropriate by the Investigator (e.g., vasectomy, condoms) or partner using effective contraception and to not donate sperm during the study and for 90 days after receiving the last dose of study drug.
• If a female of childbearing potential, have a negative serum pregnancy test result prior to each dosing and, if sexually active, be practicing an effective method of birth control [e.g., intrauterine device, double-barrier method (i.e., diaphragm, or a cervical cap) with intravaginal spermicidal foam, cream or gel], or male partner sterilization throughout the study.
• Age at study entry ≥1 year.
• Previous platelet transfusions are permitted, as long as the subject has a platelet count ≥50,000/μL without transfusion support for at least 1 week.
• Subjects must have a minimum pulse oximetry measurement of at least 94% at baseline.
• An absolute neutrophil count ≥750/μL without growth factor for 5 days.
• Liver function parameter results: total bilirubin ≤2 × upper limit of normal for age, and Serum alanine aminotransferase (glutamic-pyruvic transaminase) and serum aspartate aminotransferase (glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase) ≤ 10 times the upper limit of normal (for all sites, the upper limit of normal for alanine aminotransferase is defined as 45 U/L).
• Normal thyroid function as measured by T4 or TSH or have abnormal results that are not considered clinically important by the Investigator or may be receiving levothyroxine.
• Cardiac Function: shortening fraction of ≥ 27% by echocardiogram or ejection fraction ≥ 50% documented by echocardiogram or radionuclide angiogram within 1 month prior to Visit 1 (Baseline).
• Karnofsky Performance Status (for subjects >16 years of age) or the Lansky Performance Status Performance Status (for subjects 1 to 16 years of age) ≥50%.
• Full recovery from the toxic effects of any prior therapy.
• Coagulation Function:
• International Normalized Ratio (INR) < 1.5
• Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) < 1.5 times upper limit of normal.
• Subjects within 5 half-lives after any antibody-based immunotherapy, or have not recovered from effects of any biologic therapy.
• Subjects <12 weeks after myeloablative therapy with autologous stem cell transplant.
• Subjects who have had an allogeneic stem cell treatment less than 4 months from Visit 1 are excluded. Those who have received allogeneic stem cell treatment more than 4 months from Visit 1 must have recovered and have no active graft versus host disease (GVHD) to be eligible.
• Subjects must not have received radiation for a minimum of 2 weeks prior to study enrollment. Subjects whose only site(s) of disease have been radiated are eligible as long as the subject has MIBG avidity 2 weeks after completion of radiation. A minimum of 12 weeks prior to study enrollment is required following prior large field radiation therapy (ie, craniospinal, whole abdominal, total lung, > 50% marrow space)
• History of total body irradiation.
• Subjects do not have adequate renal function defined as GFR ≥ 70 mL/min/1.73 m2 either by creatinine clearance or radioisotope direct measurement or by calculation with the Schwartz formula
• Subjects who are on hemodialysis.
• Pregnancy or breastfeeding.
• Significant active infections including active hepatitis B, or hepatitis C infection, or known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (testing for HIV is not required prior to study entry).
• Clinically important cardiac, pulmonary, and hepatic impairment.
• Vorinostat treatment exclusion criteria (subjects, who meet any one of these criteria and otherwise meet eligibility criteria, are still eligible for 131I-MIBG monotherapy)
• Since valproic acid has HDAC inhibitory activity, patients must not have received valproic acid within 30 days of study entry.
• Since vorinostat may prolong the QT interval, patients must not be receiving other medications known to prolong the QT interval at the time of study entry . Pentamidine must not have been received within 1 week of study enrollment.
• Patients with a history of deep venous thrombosis that was not associated with the presence of a central venous catheter.
• Patients who are receiving Coumadin.
Network Of Clinical Research Studies On Craniosynostosis, Skull Malformations With Premature Fusion Of Skull Bones
Craniosynostosis (CS) is a common malformation occurring in ~4 per 10,000 live births in which the sutures between skull bones close too early, causing long-term problems with brain and skull growth. Infants with CS typically require extensive surgical treatment and may experience many perioperative complications, including hemorrhage and re-synostosis. Even with successful surgery, children can experience developmental and learning disabilities or vision problems. Most often, CS appears as isolated nonsyndromic CS (NSC). Of the several subtypes of CS, unilateral or bilateral fusion of the coronal suture is the second most common form of CS accounting for 20-30% of all NSC cases. The etiology of coronal NSC (cNSC) is not well understood, although the published literature suggests that it is a multifactorial condition. About 5-14% of coronal craniosynostosis patients have a positive family history, with a specific genetic etiology identified in >25% of cNSC cases, suggesting a strong genetic component in the pathogenesis of this birth defect. The causes for cNSC and its phenotypic heterogeneity remain largely unknown. An international team of investigators will generate large genomic and gene expression datasets on samples from patients with cNSC. State-of-the-art imaging, genetic, and developmental and systems biology approaches will be used to quantitatively model novel pathways and networks involved in the development of cNSC. Novel variant-, gene- and network-level analyses will be performed on the genomic data obtained from cNSC cases, their relatives, and controls to identify novel variants and genetic regions associated with cNCS. Quantitative, analytical, and functional validations of these predictions will provide insights into the etiology and possible therapeutic targets for CS and potentially other bone-related disorders.
• Cases with diagnosis of coronal
• Unaffected relatives of cases
• Unaffected controls including those who may have undergone clinically indicated craniofacial surgery for trauma or conditions other than craniosynostosis or bone disease. These individuals will be recruited at some of the other collaborating institutions, but not at Mount Sinai. Individuals of any racial or ethnic group with the established or suspected clinical diagnosis of coronal, nonsyndromic craniosynostosis will be included in this study. Unaffected relatives, such as their biological parents and/or sibs, will also be included to contribute medical information and samples as negative controls for our study.
• Those who fit the criteria, but who choose not to participate
• Those who do not meet the criteria.
• Other than children, no vulnerable individuals will be recruited, such as intellectual impaired individuals or prisoners.
Accelerated v's Standard BEP Chemotherapy for Patients With Intermediate and Poor-risk Metastatic Germ Cell Tumours (P3BEP)
The purpose of this study is to determine whether accelerated BEP chemotherapy is more effective than standard BEP chemotherapy in males with intermediate and poor-risk metastatic germ cell tumours.
• Age ≥ 11 years and ≤ 45 years on the date of randomisation
• Histologically or cytologically confirmed germ cell tumour (non-seminoma or seminoma); or Exceptionally raised tumour markers (AFP ≥ 1000ng/mL and/or HCG ≥ 5000 IU/L) without histologic or cytologic confirmation in the rare case where pattern of metastases consistent with GCT, high tumour burden, and a need to start therapy urgently
• Primary arising in testis, ovary, retro-peritoneum, or mediastinum
• Metastatic disease or non-testicular primary
• Intermediate or poor prognosis as defined by IGCCC classification3 (modified with different LDH criteria for intermediate risk non-seminoma, and inclusion of ovarian primaries). (See protocol for more information).
• Adequate bone marrow function with ANC ≥1.0 x 10^9/L, Platelet count ≥100 x 10^9/L
• Adequate liver function where bilirubin must be ≤1.5 x ULN, except participants with Gilbert's Syndrome where bilirubin must be ≤2.0 x ULN; ALT and AST must be ≤2.5 x ULN, except if the elevations are due to hepatic metastases, in which case ALT and AST must be ≤ 5 x ULN
• Adequate renal function with estimated creatinine clearance of ≥60 ml/min according to the Cockcroft-Gault formula, unless calculated to be < 60 ml/min or borderline in which case GFR should be formally measured, eg. with EDTA scan
• ECOG Performance Status of 0, 1, 2, or 3
• Study treatment both planned and able to start within 14 days of randomisation.
• Willing and able to comply with all study requirements, including treatment, timing and nature of required assessments
• Able to provide signed, written informed consent
• Other primary malignancy (EXCEPT adequately treated non-melanomatous carcinoma of the skin, germ cell tumour, or other malignancy treated at least 5 years previously with no evidence of recurrence)
• Previous chemotherapy or radiotherapy, except if patient has pure seminoma relapsing after adjuvant radiotherapy or adjuvant chemotherapy with 1-2 doses of single agent carboplatin or if patient has non-seminoma and poor prognosis by IGCCC criteria in the rare case where low-dose induction chemotherapy is given prior to registration because patient is not fit enough to receive protocol chemotherapy (eg. organ failure, vena cava obstruction, overwhelming burden of disease). In these instances acceptable regimens include cisplatin 20 mg/m^2 days 1-2 and etoposide 100 mg/m^2 days 1-2; carboplatin AUC 3 days 1-2 and etoposide 100 mg/m^2 days 1-2; or baby-BOP. Patients must meet all other inclusion and exclusion criteria at the time of registration. Additionally participants who need to start therapy urgently prior to completing study-specific baseline investigations may commence study chemotherapy prior to registration and randomisation. Such patients must be discussed with the coordinating centre prior to registration, and must be registered within 10 days of commencing study chemotherapy.
• Significant cardiac disease resulting in inability to tolerate IV fluid hydration for cisplatin
• Significant co-morbid respiratory disease that contraindicates the use of bleomycin
• Peripheral neuropathy ≥ grade 2 or clinically significant sensorineural hearing loss or tinnitus
• Concurrent illness, including severe infection that may jeopardize the ability of the participant to undergo the procedures outlined in this protocol with reasonable safety
• Inadequate contraception. Men must use 2 effective methods of contraception, including use of a condom, during chemotherapy and for a year after completing chemotherapy.
• Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs
• Presence of any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition that in the opinion of the investigator would hamper compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule, including alcohol dependence or drug abuse The above inclusion and exclusion criteria will apply to stage 1 (n=150) and stage 2 (n=500 including stage 1) of the study. All sites will participate in both stages of the study with the exception of the Children's Oncology Group who will be participate in stage 1 only.
A Neurosteroid Intervention for Menopausal and Perimenopausal Depression
HYPOTHESIS: Pregnenolone administration will be associated with greater reduction in depressive symptom severity than placebo in women with current mMDD. STUDY AIMS: Primary Aim: Determine if pregnenolone is associated with greater reduction in depressive symptom severity than placebo in women with mMDD, as measured by MADRS. Secondary Aims: 1. Determine if pregnenolone is associated with greater reduction in anxiety symptom severity than placebo in women with mMDD. 2. Determine if pregnenolone is associated with greater improvement in cognition than placebo in women with mMDD. 3. Determine if pregnenolone is associated with greater improvement in quality of life than placebo in women with mMDD. 4. Determine if pregnenolone is associated with greater improvement in vasomotor symptoms of menopause than placebo. Mechanistic Aims: 1. Determine whether changes in neurosteroid levels with pregnenolone mediate clinical response. 2. Determine if baseline neurosteroid levels predict pregnenolone response. 3. Determine whether depressive symptoms, anxiety, sleep or vasomotor symptoms improve first. A crossed-lagged panel model will explore serial correlations between changes in outcome measures.
• Women aged 40-62 years who are perimenopausal or early postmenopausal (within 5 years of the last menstrual period if not surgically postmenopausal), including:
• Women who have experienced changes in menstrual cycle frequency or duration, and/or physical symptoms indicative of menopausal transition, as determined by clinician
• Women who are using hormonal IUDs (i.e. brands Mirena and Skyla), with FSH level > 20 mIU/m (as menstrual periods are irregular with IUDs that utilize hormones, making irregular/absent periods difficult to assess as related to the menopausal transition).
• Women with significant menopause-related physical symptoms, indicated by any of the following criteria:
• Greene Climacteric Scale total scores > 20
• Greene Climacteric Scale sub-score for vasomotor symptoms >3
• 5 or more bothersome hot flashes per week (self-reported)
• Women meeting DSM-5 criteria for current major depressive disorder (assessed by the SCID)
• Baseline HRSD score of ≥ 18
• Subject agrees to abstain from disallowed medications for the duration of the trial
• Vulnerable populations (e.g. pregnant/nursing, severe cognitive or intellectual impairment, incarcerated)
• Pregnancy (determined by urine pregnancy test), intending pregnancy or breast feeding
• Psychiatric disorder other than MDD that is acute and the primary focus of symptom burden or treatment.
• History of bipolar disorder or psychotic disorder
• Current substance use disorder
• Positive baseline urine drug screen of an illicit substance (in this study: opioids and cocaine,) with the exception of a medication used with a prescription (use of a detected substance that is used with a prescription, such as an opioid pain medication, is not necessarily exclusionary and will be based upon judgment of the PI, particularly in the cases of chronic opioid use). Participants who screen positive for marijuana will be offered a rescreen for eligibility at a later date.
• Current eating disorder
• Treatment resistant depression (failure of 2 adequate antidepressant trials or electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) during current episode; adequate antidepressant trials are defined as within the US FDA approved dosage for the medication and used for at least 6 weeks, with failure described by the patient as <50% improvement based on her subjective experience).
• High risk for suicidal acts including active suicidal ideation with plan and intent or > 2 suicide attempts in lifetime or any attempt in the past 6 months
• Use of selective estrogen-receptor modulators (SERMs), hormone replacement therapy, hormonal contraceptives (hormonal IUDs allowed), episodic sleep medications (chronic, regular, stable-dose benzodiazepines and hypnotics such as zolpidem, Sonata (Zaleplon), and Lunesta (Eszopiclone) OR sleep-seating antihistamines such as Unisom (Doxylamine succinate) or diphenhydramine allowed) within 2 weeks of the baseline visit and randomization. Antidepressants will be allowed for those participants who have been taking the antidepressant for 6 weeks with a stable dose for at least 4 weeks.
• Use of natural menopause and depression supplements, phytoestrogens, soy-based medications, steroids within 2 weeks of baseline visit and randomization.
• Use of any disallowed medications (specified in the Excluded Concomitant Medication section below).
• Women who have received a gonadal hormonal intervention within 1 month prior to study entry (stable thyroid medications are allowed).
• Not using a medically approved method of birth control, if sexually active and not 12 or more months since last menstrual period IUDs, condoms, abstinence are acceptable forms of contraception in this study; due to the possible interactions with the study medication, oral contraceptive pills will be prohibited.
• Uncontrolled hypertension (>160/95mmHg)
• Active coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, stroke, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism or blood clotting disorder
• Any severe, life threatening or unstable medical condition that, based on clinician-judgment, would make participation in the study unsafe or inappropriate
• Personal or first degree family history of known hormone sensitive tumors
• History of allergic reaction or side effects with prior pregnenolone use
• Clinically significant laboratory or physical examination findings
• Concurrent enrollment in another clinical trial Exclusion of Concomitant Medications:
• Selective estrogen-receptor modulators (SERMs)
• Hormone replacement therapy
• Hormonal contraceptives, excluding Mirena IUD or other IUD with localized progesterone
• Natural menopause or antidepressant supplements
• Episodic sleep medications (chronic, regular, stable-dose benzodiazepines and hypnotics such as zolpidem, Sonata (Zaleplon), and Lunesta (Eszopiclone) OR sleep-sedating antihistamines such as Unisom (Doxylamine succinate) or diphenhydramine allowed)
• Sub-therapeutic dosages of antidepressants used for other indications will be permissible with the exclusion of SSRIs, SNRIs, and Wellbutrin.
• Soy-based medications or supplements
Myeloma-Developing Regimens Using Genomics (MyDRUG) (MyDRUG)
The MyDRUG study is a type of Precision Medicine trial to treat patients with drugs targeted to affect specific genes that are mutated as part of the disease. Mutations in genes can lead to uncontrolled cell growth and cancer. Patients with a greater than 25% mutation to any of the following genes; CDKN2C, FGFR3, KRAS, NRAS, BRAF V600E, IDH2 or T(11;14) can be enrolled to one of the treatment arms. These arms have treatments specifically directed to the mutated genes. Patients that do not have a greater than 25% mutation to the genes listed can be enrolled to a non-actionable treatment arm. The genetic sequencing of the patient's tumor is required via enrollment to the MMRF002 study: Clinical-grade Molecular Profiling of Patients with Multiple Myeloma and Related Plasma Cell Malignancies. (NCT02884102).
• Willing to be registered into the pomalidomide (POMALYST®) Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS®) program
• Enrolled in the MMRF002 Molecular Profiling Protocol (NCT02884102) with report less than 120 days old
• Disease free of prior malignancies for ≥ 3 years with exception of currently treated basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma "in situ" of the cervix or breast, or prostate cancer not requiring therapy
• High risk patients with relapsed refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM), who have:
• received at least one prior but no more than 3 prior therapies
• exposed to both a PI and an IMiD
• had early relapse after initial treatment Early relapse as defined by at least one of the following: (Relapse is defined as the IMWG uniform response)
• Relapse within 3 years of initiation of induction chemo therapy for post autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) followed by maintenance, or 18 months if unmaintained after ASCT
• Within 18 months of initial non-ASCT based therapy
• Patients must have progressed after their most recent treatment and require therapy for myeloma
• Females of reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test at baseline, be non-lactating, and willing to adhere to scheduled pregnancy testing
• Females of reproductive potential and males must practice and acceptable method of birth control
• Laboratory values obtained ≤ 14 days prior to registration:
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1000/ul
• Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 8 g/dl
• Platelet (PLT) ≥ 75,000/ul
• Total bilirubin <1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or if total bilirubin is >1.5 x ULN, the direct bilirubin must be ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) <3 x ULN
• Creatinine Clearance ≥ 30 mL/min Measurable disease of Multiple Myeloma (MM) as defined by at least one of the following:
• Serum monoclonal protein ≥ 0.5 g by protein electrophoresis
• ≥200 mg of monoclonal protein in the urine on 24-hour electrophoresis
• Serum immunoglobulin free light chain (FLC) ≥10 mg/dL AND abnormal serum immunoglobulin kappa to lambda FLC ratio
• Monoclonal bone marrow plasmacytosis ≥30% (evaluable disease)
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 0, 1, or 2
• Ability to take aspirin, warfarin, or low molecular weight heparin Sub-Protocol
• Aggressive multiple myeloma requiring immediate treatment as defined by:
• Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) > 2 times ULN
• Presence of symptomatic extramedullary disease or central nervous system involvement
• Hypercalcemia >11.5 mg/dl
• Acute worsening of renal function (CrCl < 30 ml/min) directly related to myeloma relapse
• Any neurological emergency related to myeloma
• Clinical symptoms of hyperviscosity related to monoclonal protein
• Involved serum free light chain > 100 mg/dL (1000 mg/L) in the setting of prior diagnosis of cast nephropathy
• Infection requiring systemic antibiotic therapy or other serious infection within 14 days of enrolment
• Known hypersensitivity or development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide, lenalidomide, pomalidomide or similar drug. Known allergy to any of the study medications, their analogues, or excipients in the various formulations of the agents
• Prior Ixazomib/Pomalidomide/Dexamethasone combination therapy
• Pregnant or breast-feeding females
• Serious medical or psychiatric illness, active alcoholism, or drug addiction that may hinder or confuse compliance, interfere in the completion of treatment per protocol, or follow-up evaluation
• Active hepatitis A, B or C viral infection or known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
• Concurrent symptomatic amyloidosis or plasma cell leukemia
• POEMS syndrome [plasma cell dyscrasia with polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein (M-protein) and skin changes]
• Residual side effects to previous therapy > Grade 1 prior to initiation of therapy (Alopecia any grade and/or neuropathy Grade 2 without pain are permitted)
• Prior allogeneic or ASCT within 12 weeks of initiation of therapy. Prior allogeneic stem cell transplant with active graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)
• Prior experimental therapy within 14 days of protocol treatment or 5 half-lives of the investigational drug, whichever is longer
• Prior anticancer therapy within 14 days of initiation of protocol therapy (Dexamethasone/ 40mg/day) for a maximum of 4 days before screening is allowed
• Prior major surgical procedure or radiation therapy within 4 weeks of the initiation of therapy (this does not include limited course of radiation used for management of bone pain within 7 days of initiation of therapy).
• Known to have dysphagia, short-gut syndrome, gastroparesis, or other conditions that limit the ingestion or Gastro Intestinal (GI) absorption of drugs administered orally
• Evidence of current uncontrolled cardiovascular conditions, including uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina, or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
• Other co-morbidity, which would interfere with patient's ability to participate in trial or that confounds the ability to interpret data from the study Sub-Protocol
Second Generation LMA Versus Endotracheal Tube in Obese Patients
This prospective, randomized, comparative study is intended to enroll a total of 148 patients with a BMI 30-49.9 kg/m2 undergoing surgery at Parkland Hospital. The efficacy and performance of a second-generation LMA will be compared to endotracheal intubation. A standardized anesthetic protocol that is usual and customary for the type of operation the patient is having will be provided to the anesthesia teams of enrolled subjects. The remainder of the anesthetic care of the subject will not deviate from the standard of care.
• 18-80 years old
• Obese (BMI > or equal to 30 kg/m2
• Scheduled for a non-emergent surgery that requires general anesthesia (e.g., orthopedic, breast, urological, colorectal, ENT, vascular, general surgery)
• Willing and able to consent in English or Spanish
• No current history of advanced pulmonary or cardiac disease
• Age less than 18 or older than 80
• BMI ≥50 or < 30 kg/m2
• Patient does not speak English or Spanish
• Expected surgical duration longer than 4 hours
• Planned postoperative ICU admission
• Patient refusal
• Monitored anesthesia care (MAC) or regional anesthesia planned
• Pregnant or nursing women
• "Stat" (emergent) cases
• Known or suspected difficult airway
• Full stomach/significant aspiration risk (gastroparesis, emergency surgery, untreated moderate to severe gastroesophageal reflux disease, hiatal hernia)
• No history of gastric surgery
• Surgery in position other than supine (e.g., Trendelenburg)
• Laparoscopic surgery
The Dallas Asthma Brain and Cognition (ABC) Study
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway disease that leads to episodic symptom exacerbations, which exerts a substantial burden on quality of life and can influence other health domains if not adequately controlled. Asthma prevalence rates have increased in the past decade, affecting 8.4% (25.7 million people) of the United States population. The economic costs of asthma have been estimated annually with $56 billion in the US alone. Despite progress in pharmacological treatment, overall asthma control remains unsatisfactory and treatment non-adherence is extremely high. Asthma is particularly under diagnosed and understudied in aging adults. This problem will increase in coming decades given demographic trends and will disproportionally contribute to the societal and personal economic costs associated with asthma treatment and management. In the proposed 4-year project we will evaluate, in a two-session assessment recruiting a total of 126 asthma patients and 66 healthy controls aged 40-69 years, the extent to which asthma and aging are associated with changes in cognition and brain chemistry, structure, and function.
• For asthma patients: diagnosis of asthma (verified by a medical documentation) for at least 2 years; for healthy volunteers: no significant medical or psychiatric history.
• Ages 40 to 69 years old.
• Proficient in English.
• Education level of at least 10th grade level.
• Treatment with oral corticosteroids in the previous 6 weeks, because of the potent effects of this drug on airway reactivity.
• Spirometry: Peak expiratory flow (PEF) below 60% of predicted.
• Diagnosis of vocal cord dysfunction (identified by abnormalities in spirometric flow-volume curves), clinically significant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or emphysema.
• Presence or history of medical or neurological disorder that may affect brain function and the physiological systems of interest (e.g. angina, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, transient ischemic attacks, cerebrovascular accidents, emphysema, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, history of seizures or head trauma, endocrine disorders or renal disease, chemotherapy or radiation presently or in the past 5 years, uncontrolled diabetes, blood pressure above 160/90 (self-reported or measured at session 1).
• Corrected vision poorer than 20/30 on Snellen Eye Chart.
• Presence or history of Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Dementia, Bipolar I, Bipolar II, PTSD or Acute Stress Disorder
• Current or recent history (within 1 year) of Substance Related Disorders, current recreational drug use (defined as past 30 days) or consuming more than 20 alcoholic drinks per week.
• Current treatment with anti-psychotics, sedatives, benzodiazepines with a half-life longer than 6 hours.
• Previous electroconvulsive therapy.
• Presence of history of orthopaedic circumstances and metallic inserts interfering with MR scanning (prior surgeries and/or implant pacemakers, pacemaker wires, artificial heart value, brain aneurysm surgery, middle ear implant, non-removable hearing aid or jewelry, braces or extensive dental work, cataract surgery or lens implant, implanted mechanical or electrical device, artificial limb or joint, foreign metallic objects in the body such as bullets, BB's, shrapnel, or metalwork fragments, pregnancy, claustrophobia, uncontrollable shaking, or inability to lie still for one hour.
• Not proficient in English.
• In the opinion of the principal investigator, participant is otherwise unsuitable for this study.
Trial of Curcumin to Prevent Progression of Low-risk Prostate Cancer Under Active Surveillance
This is a prospective study to determine if the use of curcumin randomized against placebo will reduce cancer progression in patients with prostate cancer undergoing active surveillance.
• Age between 40-89 years
• Biopsy proven, low-risk, localized prostate cancer (minimum of 8 cores)
• May have had biopsy within last 12 months ≤4 cores involved with cancer
• Gleason score ≤6 with no Gleason pattern 4
• Clinical stage T1c-T2a/b
• Serum PSA ≤15 ng/ml
• Life expectancy > 5 years
• Any previous prostate cancer treatment (radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, oral glucocorticoids, GnRH analogues, prostatectomy)
• Concurrent or previous use within 6 months of screening of any 5α-reductase inhibitor
• Use of anabolic steroids or drugs with antiandrogenic properties
• Prostate volume >150 grams
• Patients who are taking antiplatelet, anticoagulant agents or have a history of a bleeding disorder. Patients taking 81 mg of Aspirin will be allowed to enroll with close observation
• History of gastric or duodenal ulcers or untreated hyperacidity syndromes. Patients on stable doses (2 months of therapy) of GERD medication allowed.
• Patients who are currently taking Curcumin and are unwilling to stop or plan to take Curcumin during the study
• Patients with a history of gallbladder problems or gallstones or biliary obstruction,unless patient had cholecystectomy
Omalizumab as Monotherapy and as Adjunct Therapy to Multi-Allergen OIT in Food Allergic Participants (OUtMATCH)
This study is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in participants 1 to less than 56 years of age who are allergic to peanut and at least two other foods (including milk, egg, wheat, cashew, hazelnut, or walnut). While each participant may be allergic to more than two other foods, the primary endpoint/outcome in this study will only be assessed in peanut and two other foods for each participant. The primary objective of the study is to compare the ability to consume foods without dose-limiting symptoms during a double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC), after treatment with either omalizumab or placebo for omalizumab.
• Participant and/or parent/legal guardian must be able to understand and provide informed consent and/or assent, as applicable;
• Peanut allergic: participant must meet all of the following criteria to minimize the chance that the participant will develop natural tolerance to peanut over the course of the study:
• Positive skin prick test (SPT) defined as ≥4 mm wheal greater than saline control) to peanut,
• Positive peanut immunoglobulin E (IgE), ≥6 kUA/L, at Screening or within three months of Screening, determined by ImmunoCap, and
• Positive double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC), defined as experiencing dose-limiting symptoms at a single dose of ≤100 mg of peanut protein.
• Allergic to at least two of the six other foods (milk, egg, wheat, cashew, hazelnut, walnut): each participant must meet all of the following criteria for at least two of the six other foods to minimize the chance that the participant will develop natural tolerance to at least two of the six other foods over the course of the study:
• Positive SPT (≥4 mm wheal) to food,
• Positive food specific IgE (≥6 kUA/L) at Screening or within three months of Screening, determined by ImmunoCap, and
• Positive DBPCFC, defined as experiencing dose-limiting symptoms at a single dose of ≤300 mg of food protein.
• With body weight (as measured at Screening) and total serum IgE level (as measured within three months of Screening) suitable for omalizumab dosing;
• If female of child-bearing potential, must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test;
• For women of childbearing potential, must agree to,during the treatment period and for 60 days after the last dose of study drug:
• remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse), or
• use acceptable contraceptive methods (barrier methods, or
• oral, injected, or implanted hormonal methods of contraception, or
• other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy).
• Plan to remain in the study area of an OUtMATCH clinical research unit (CRU) during the trial; and
• Be willing to be trained on the proper use of an epinephrine autoinjector for the duration of the study.
• Inability or unwillingness of a participant and/or parent/legal guardian to give written informed consent and/or assent or comply with the study protocol;
• Clinically significant laboratory abnormalities at Screening;
• Dose-limiting symptoms to the placebo portion of the Screening DBPCFC;
• Sensitivity or suspected/known allergy to any ingredients (including excipients) of the
• active or placebo oral food challenge (OFC) material,
• multi-allergen oral immunotherapy (OIT), or
• drugs related to omalizumab (e.g., monoclonal antibodies, polyclonal gamma globulin).
• Note: Guidance for determination of sensitivity to excipients will be detailed in the study's Manual of Procedures (MOP).
• Poorly controlled atopic dermatitis (AD) at Screening, per the Principal Investigator's PI's) discretion;
• Poorly controlled or severe asthma/wheezing at Screening, defined by at least one of the following criteria:
• Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) criteria regarding asthma control latest guidelines,
• History of two or more systemic corticosteroid courses within six months of Screening or one course of systemic corticosteroids within three months of Screening to treat asthma/wheezing,
• Prior intubation/mechanical ventilation for asthma/wheezing,
• One hospitalization or Emergency Department (ED) visit for asthma/wheezing within six months of Screening,
• Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) <80 percent of predicted or FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC) <75 percent, with or without controller medications (only for participants who are aged seven years or older and are able to perform spirometry), or
• Inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) dosing of >500 mcg daily fluticasone (or equivalent ICS based on the National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) dosing chart).
• History of severe anaphylaxis to participant-specific foods that will be used in this study, defined as neurological compromise or requiring intubation;
• Treatment with a burst of oral, intramuscular (IM), or intravenous (IV) steroids of more than two days for an indication other than asthma/wheezing within 30 days of Screening;
• Currently receiving oral, intramuscular, or intravenous corticosteroids, tricyclic antidepressants, or beta-blockers (oral or topical);
• Past or current history of eosinophilic gastrointestinal (GI) disease within three years of Screening;
• Past or current history of cancer, or currently being investigated for possible cancer;
• Previous adverse reaction to omalizumab;
• Past or current history of any immunotherapy to any of the foods being treated in this study (e.g., OIT, sublingual immunotherapy [SLIT], EPIT) within 6 months of Screening;
• Treatment with monoclonal antibody therapy, such as omalizumab (Xolair®), dupilumab (Dupixent®), benralizumab (Fasenra™), mepolizumab (Nucala®), reslizumab (Cinqair®), or other immunomodulatory therapy within six months of Screening;
• Currently on "build-up phase" of inhalant allergen immunotherapy (i.e., has not reached maintenance dosing). Note: Individuals tolerating maintenance allergen immunotherapy can be enrolled;
• Inability to discontinue antihistamines for the minimum wash-out periods required for SPTs,or OFCs;
• Current participation in another therapeutic or interventional clinical trial or participation within 90 days of Screening;
• Use of investigational drugs within 24 weeks of Screening;
• Pregnant or breastfeeding, or intending to become pregnant during the study or within 60 days after the last dose of omalizumab or placebo for omalizumab;
• Has a first-degree relative already enrolled in the study; or
• Past or current medical problems (e.g., severe latex allergy), history of other chronic diseases (other than asthma/wheezing, AD, or rhinitis) requiring therapy (e.g., heart disease, diabetes), findings from physical assessment, or abnormalities in clinical laboratory testing that are not listed above, which, in the opinion of the PI, may:
• pose additional risks from participation in the study,
• may interfere with the participant's ability to comply with study requirements, or
• may impact the quality or interpretation of the data obtained from the study.
GammaPod Registry and Quality of Life Nomogram (GCC 1876)
This study is a prospective, single arm study (registry) summarizing patient-level adverse-event and tumor outcomes as well as a number of feasibility and dosimetric characteristics of delivering a single-fraction boost with the GammaPod.
• The patient must sign consent for study participation.
• The patient must be female and have a diagnosis of an invasive or non-invasive breast cancer that was treated surgically by a partial mastectomy.
• The patient must be deemed an appropriate candidate for breast conserving therapy (i.e. not pregnant, never had radiation to the treated breast, breast size would allow adequate cosmesis after volume loss from partial mastectomy).
• Patients with involved lymph nodes are candidates for the study.
• Surgical margins are negative for invasive (no tumor on ink) or non-invasive breast cancer (2 mm negative margin).
• The greatest dimension of the tumor is less than 4cm before surgery.
• Multifocal disease is allowed if it was removed by a single lumpectomy resection and the patient remained a candidate for breast conservation.
• Age 18 years and older.
• Women of childbearing potential (pre-menopausal defined as having a menstrual period within the past 1 year) must have a negative serum pregnancy test or complete a pregnancy waiver form per institutional policy.
• The surgical cavity is clearly visible on CT images. Of note, clips are not required but recommended.
• The patient must weigh less than 150Kg (330lb), which is the limit of the imaging couch.
• The patient must be less than 6'6" in height.
• The patient must feel comfortable in the prone position.
• Diagnosis of prior contralateral breast cancer is allowed.
• Diagnosis of synchronous bilateral cancers is allowed. In this case if bilateral boosts are required, a patient would not have both treatments on the same day.
• Oncoplastic reduction surgery is allowed if the lumpectomy cavity can be clearly visualized.
• Patients with proven multi-centric carcinoma (tumors in different quadrants of the breast or tumor separated by at least 4 cm).
• Prior radiation therapy to that breast or that hemi thorax.
• Unable to fit into the immobilization breast cup with an adequate seal.
• Male gender.
• Patient cannot comfortably be set up in the prone position (i.e. physical disability)
• Unable to fit into the breast immobilization device due to breast size or other anatomical reason.
• Mastectomy is the surgery performed.
• Patient has received prior radiotherapy to the involved breast.
• Tumor bed is less than 3 mm from the skin surface.
• Greater than 50% of the target volume is above the upper border of the table.
• Patients with skin involvement, regardless of tumor size.
• Patients with connective tissue disorders specifically systemic lupus erythematosis, scleroderma, or dermatomyositis.
• Patients with psychiatric or addictive disorders that would preclude obtaining informed consent.
• Patients who are pregnant or lactating due to potential exposure of the fetus to RT and unknown effects of RT to lactating females.
• Patients with breast implants/tissue expanders or flap reconstruction.
Mapping the Phenotype in Adults With Phelan-McDermid Syndrome
The protocol aims to comprehensively define the phenotype of Phelan-McDermid Syndrome and to identify potential genetic factors, which may play a role in the variability of the disease's outcomes. The first aim involves a physical exam, a neurological exam, collection of medical history information, a clinical genetic evaluation, blood work and neuropsychological assessments. If clinically indicated, the protocol collects information from medical tests. These medical tests may include electrocardiography, echocardiography, renal ultrasonography, and renal ultrasound.
• Participant is 22 years of age and older at the time of enrollment
• Participant has been diagnosed with pathogenic deletions or mutations of the SHANK3 gene
• Participant is proficient in English
• Participant provided consent
Alcoholic Hepatitis Network Observational Study
The purpose of this research study is to create a clinical database and bio-repository. To do this, we will obtain blood, urine, and stool samples (e.g., biological samples) and personal health information from you to use in future research studies related to alcoholic hepatitis or other diseases. Part of your blood sample will be used to extract your DNA. DNA is the genetic material that gives us unique characteristics. We are doing this research study because we are trying to find out more about how and why illnesses related to alcoholic hepatitis or other diseases occur in people. To do this, we will study the biological samples and personal health information from healthy and sick people. A "biological sample" is usually blood, but can be any body fluid. "Personal Health Information" includes such items as your name, age, gender, race, and/or your medical information. It can also include data from measurements and tests that you had while participating in another research study or that were done during the course of your regular medical care or doctor visits.
• A clinical diagnosis of alcoholic hepatitis
• Serum total bilirubin >3 mg/dL
• Subject or guardian ability to understand and willingness to provide written consent
• Age greater or equal to 21 years
• Re-enrolment of an alcoholic hepatitis donor is permissible up to 4 times if the donor presents with a new episode of alcoholic hepatitis 24 weeks or longer after the most recent enrolment in the study Exclusion criteria
• Liver disease significantly caused by hemochromatosis, autoimmune liver disease, Wilson disease, NAFLD, and acute viral hepatitis
• (NOTE: The presence of chronic hepatitis C, hepatitis B, or HIV is not exclusion to participation.)Pregnant or breast feeding Based on the judgment of the investigator, subject is not capable of understanding or complying with the study requirements. CONTROLS: Heavy drinkers without significant liver disease Inclusion criteria
• History of chronic alcohol consumption sufficient to cause liver damage. Generally, this is considered to be >40 g/day or >280g/week on average for women and >60 g/day or >420 g/week on average for men, for many years (usually decades). Judgement about chronic alcohol consumption will be made by the site investigator.
• Subject or guardian ability to understand and willingness to provide written consent
• Age greater or equal to 21 years Exclusion criteria
• Past evidence of alcoholic liver disease, defined as a bilirubin > 2.0 mg/dL, an AST >
• 5 ULN, and any hospital admission for liver disease, or the presence of esophageal varices or ascites (at any time in the past).
• Liver disease significantly caused by hemochromatosis, autoimmune liver disease, Wilson disease, NAFLD, and acute viral hepatitis (NOTE: The presence of chronic hepatitis C, hepatitis B, or HIV is not exclusion to participation.)
• Alcohol intake at less than 40 g/day or 280g/week on average for women and 60 g/day or 420 g/week on average for men for longer than the past 28 days
• If liver stiffness has been assessed within the prior 90 days, then stiffness suggesting fibrosis of F1 or greater is excluded. For Fibroscan, this is a fibrosis score >7.0 kPa.
• Pregnant or breast feeding
• Any of the following laboratory abnormalities within 90 days prior to signing the consent.
• Total bilirubin: >ULN*
• INR: > 1.4 5 *Individuals with a diagnosis of Gilbert's can have total bilirubin up to 3.0 mg/dL and still be eligible for participation. Healthy Controls Inclusion criteria
• AUDIT-C scores of <4 for men and <3 for women (signifying no alcohol misuse)
• Abstinent (consumption of less than one standard drink/week) during the 6 months prior to enrolment
• Ability to understand and willingness to provide written consent. Exclusion criteria
• Clinical history or laboratory evidence of liver disease including alcoholic liver disease, NAFLD, hemochromatosis, alcoholic hepatitis, autoimmune liver disease, Wilson disease, hepatitis C, or hepatitis B.
• Presence of diabetes (requiring treatment with oral agents or insulin).
• Significant heart disease (prior history of heart disease, other than hypertension)
• Chronic lung disease (requiring chronic treatment)
• Immune related conditions (such as Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, severe psoriasis, etc.)
• Known infection with HIV
• Presumed infection, or use of antibiotics or other medications (e.g., corticosteroids) that would affect immune function, within the past 14 days
• Current or known history of cancer (except in situ carcinoma of the cervix or adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin) within 5 years prior to enrollment
• Pregnant or breast feeding
• Any of the following laboratory abnormalities within 90 days prior to signing the consent.
• Hemoglobin: <10 g/dL
• Conjugated bilirubin: > ULN
• INR: > 1.4
• AST: >40 IU/mL
• ALT: >40 IU/mL
• Based on the judgment of the investigator, subject is not capable of complying with the study requirements
A Research Study to Look at How Semaglutide Compared to Placebo Affects Diabetic Eye Disease in People With Type 2 Diabetes (FOCUS)
This study will look at the long-term effects of semaglutide (active medicine) on diabetic eye disease when compared to placebo (dummy medicine). The study will be performed in people with type 2 diabetes. Participants will either get semaglutide or placebo in addition to their diabetes medicines - which treatment the participant gets is decided by chance. Participants will inject the study medicine using a pen-injector. The medicine must be injected in a skin fold in the stomach, thigh or upper arm once a week. The study will last for 5 years.
• Male or female, age greater than or equal to 18 years at the time of signing informed consent
• Diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus greater than or equal to 10 years prior to the day of screening
• HbA1c of 7.0-10.0% (53-86 mmol/mol) (both inclusive)
• Eye inclusion criteria (both eyes must meet all criteria):
• Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) level of 10-75 (both inclusive) evaluated by fundus photography and confirmed by central reading centre
• No ocular or intraocular treatment for diabetic retinopathy or diabetic macular oedema twelve months prior to the day of screening
• No anticipated need for ocular or intraocular treatment for diabetic retinopathy or diabetic macular oedema within six months after randomisation
• Best-corrected visual acuity greater than or equal to 30 letters using the ETDRS visual acuity protocol
• No previous treatment with pan-retinal laser photocoagulation
• No substantial non-diabetic ocular condition that, in the opinion of the ophthalmologist, would impact diabetic retinopathy or diabetic macular oedema progression during the trial
• No substantial media opacities that would preclude successful imaging
• Any of the following: myocardial infarction, stroke, hospitalization for unstable angina pectoris or transient ischaemic attack within the past 60 days prior to the day of screening
• Planned coronary, carotid or peripheral artery revascularisation known on the day of screening
• Subjects presently classified as being in New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class IV
• Renal impairment measured as estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) value of eGFR less than 30 ml/min/1.73 m^2
• Personal or first degree relative(s) history of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 or medullary thyroid carcinoma
• Presence or history of malignant neoplasms within the past 5 years prior to the day of screening. Basal and squamous cell skin cancer and any carcinoma in-situ are allowed
• Female who is pregnant, breast-feeding or intends to become pregnant or is of child-bearing potential and not using highly effective contraceptive methods
• Current or previous (within 30 days before screening) treatment with any glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist or dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor
• Receipt of any investigational medicinal product within 30 days before screening
• Previous participation in this trial. Participation is defined as randomisation
• Known or suspected hypersensitivity to trial products or related products
• Any disorder, which in the investigator's opinion might jeopardise subject's safety or compliance with the protocol
LCH-IV, International Collaborative Treatment Protocol for Children and Adolescents With Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
The LCH-IV is an international, multicenter, prospective clinical study for pediatric Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis LCH (age < 18 years).
• Stratum I
• Patients must be less than 18 years of age at the time of diagnosis.
• Patients must have histological verification of the diagnosis of Langerhans cell histiocytosis according to the criteria described in Section 6.1
• Signed informed consent form
• Stratum II
• Patients of Stratum I who have:
• Progressive disease (AD worse) in non-risk organs after 6 weeks (Initial Course
• AD intermediate or worse in non-risk organs or AD better in risk organs after 12 weeks (Initial Course 2)
• Disease progression (AD worse) in non-risk organs at any time during continuation treatment
• Active disease at the end of Stratum I treatment
• Disease reactivation in non-risk organs at any time after completion of Stratum I treatment
• Stratum III
• Patients from Stratum I who fulfill the following criteria:
• AD worse in risk organs after week 6 (after Initial Course 1), or AD worse or AD intermediate in risk organs after week 12 (after Initial Course 2).
• Presence of unequivocally severe organ dysfunction at the above mentioned evaluation points (hematological dysfunction, liver dysfunction, or both of them) as
• Hb <70 g/L (<7.0 g/dl) and/or transfusion dependency
• PLT <20 x109/L (20,000/μL) and/or transfusion dependency (both criteria have to be fulfilled) AND/OR
• Liver dysfunction (or digestive involvement with protein loss)
• Total protein <55 g/L or substitution dependency
• Albumin <25 g/L or substitution dependency (at least one of the two criteria to be fulfilled)
• Stratum IV
• Patients from Stratum I or Stratum III who fulfill the following criteria:
• AD worse in risk organs after week 6 (after Initial Course 1), or AD worse or AD intermediate in risk organs after week 12 (after Initial Course 2) of Stratum I OR
• AD worse after the 2nd and 3rd 2-CdA/Ara-C course, and those AD worse or AD intermediate after the 4th 2-CdA/Ara-C course of Stratum III AND
• Presence of unequivocally severe organ dysfunction at the above mentioned evaluation points (hematological dysfunction, liver dysfunction, or both of them) as defined in Table XI (see Section 10.3.1).
• Informed consent: All patients or their legal guardians (if the patient is <18 years of age) must sign an Ethics or institutional Review Board approved consent form indicating their awareness of the investigational nature and the risks of this study. When appropriate, younger patients will be included in all discussions in order to obtain assent.
• Adequate organ function: Patients should have adequate hepatic, renal, cardiac and pulmonary function to undergo reduced intensity HCT based upon local institutional guidelines, or at a minimum meet requirements noted in eligibility checklist Appendix A-VIII_1. However, significant hepatic and pulmonary dysfunction, if secondary to underlying LCH disease activity, will not exclude patients from protocol enrollment and should be discussed with the National PI Coordinator and the Coordinating Principal Investigator.
• Stratum V
• All patients with verified diagnosis of LCH and MRI findings consistent with ND-CNSLCH irrespective of previous treatments (also those not registered to other Strata ofLCH-IV).
• Patients with isolated tumorous CNS-LCH (including isolated DI with mass lesion in the hypothalamus-pituitary axis). In patients with already established diagnosis of LCH and radiologic finding of CNS lesions compatible with LCH, a biopsy of the lesion is not obligatory. In all other cases a biopsy of the lesion is needed for inclusion into the study
• Stratum VI -- Patients with newly diagnosed SS-LCH and localization other than "multifocal bone",isolated tumorous CNS lesion, or isolated "CNS-risk" lesion.
• Stratum VII -- All patients registered in LCH IV (regardless of treatment) as long as consent for longterm follow-up has not been withheld.
• Stratum I
• Pregnancy (patients of child-bearing age must be appropriately tested before chemotherapy)
• LCH-related permanent consequences (e.g. vertebra plana, sclerosing cholangitis, lung fibrosis, etc.) in the absence of active disease
• Prior systemic therapy
• Stratum II
• Patients with progressive disease in risk organs
• Permanent consequences (e.g. sclerosing cholangitis, lung fibrosis, etc.) without evidence of active LCH in the same organ or in any other locations
• No written consent of the patient or his/her parents or legal guardian
• Stratum III
• The presence of any of the following criteria will exclude the patient from the study:
• Isolated sclerosing cholangitis without evidence of active hepatic LCH as the only evidence of risk organ involvement.
• Inadequate renal function as defined by serum creatinine > 3x normal for age
• Stratum IV
• Pulmonary failure (requiring mechanical ventilation) not due to active LCH.
• Isolated liver sclerosis or pulmonary fibrosis, without active LCH.
• Uncontrolled active life-threatening infection.
• Decreased renal function with a GFR of less than 50ml/1.73m2/min.
• Pregnancy or active breast feeding
• Failure to provide signed informed consent
• Stratum VI
• Patients with SS-LCH who have an isolated tumorous CNS lesion (they are eligible for Stratum V),
• Patients with isolated "CNS-risk" or multifocal bone lesions (they are eligible for Stratum I, Group 2)
A Research Study to See How Semaglutide Works Compared to Placebo in People With Type 2 Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease (FLOW)
The researchers are doing this study to see if semaglutide can slow down the growth and worsening of chronic kidney disease in people with type 2 diabetes. Participants will get semaglutide (active medicine) or placebo ('dummy medicine'). This is known as participants' study medicine - which treatment participants get is decided by chance. Semaglutide is a medicine, doctors can prescribe in some countries for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Participants will get the study medicine in a pen. Participants will use the pen to inject the medicine in a skin fold once a week. The study will close when there is enough information collected to show clear result of the study. The total time participants will be in this study is about 3 to 5 years, but it could be longer.
• Male or female, age above or equal to 18 years at the time of signing informed consent. Japan: Male or female, age above or equal to 20 years at the time of signing informed consent
• Diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus
• HbA1c less than or equal to 10% (less than or equal to 86 mmol/mol)
• Renal impairment defined either by:
• serum creatinine-based eGFR greater than or equal to 50 and less than or equal to 75 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (CKD-EPI) and UACR greater than 300 and less than 5000 mg/g or
• serum creatinine-based eGFR greater than or equal to 25 and less than 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (CKD-EPI) and UACR greater than 100 and less than 5000 mg/g
• Treatment with maximum labelled or tolerated dose of a renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blocking agent including an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB), unless such treatment is contraindicated or not tolerated. Treatment dose must be stable for at least 4 weeks prior to the date of the laboratory assessments used for determination of the inclusion criteria for renal impairment and kept stable until screening
• Congenital or hereditary kidney diseases including polycystic kidney disease, autoimmune kidney diseases including glomerulonephritis or congenital urinary tract malformations
• Use of any glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist within 30 days prior to screening
• Myocardial infarction, stroke, hospitalisation for unstable angina pectoris or transient ischaemic attack within 60 days prior to the day of screening
• Presently classified as being in New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class IV heart failure
• Planned coronary, carotid or peripheral artery revascularisation
• Current (or within 90 days) chronic or intermittent haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis
• Uncontrolled and potentially unstable diabetic retinopathy or maculopathy. Verified by a fundus examination performed within the past 90 days prior to screening or in the period between screening and randomisation. Pharmacological pupil-dilation is a requirement unless using a digital fundus photography camera specified for non-dilated examination
PO Ixazomib in Combination With Chemotherapy for Childhood Relapsed or Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
This is a phase 1/2 study of a drug called Ixazomib in combination with cytotoxic chemotherapy consisting of Vincristine, Dexamethasone, Asparaginase, and Doxorubicin (VXLD).
• Age Patients must be ≤21 years of age at the time of enrollment.
• Phase 1 - Initial enrollment will be restricted to patients < 18 years of age until 9 such patients are enrolled
• Phase 2 - Initial enrollment will be restricted to patients < 18 years of age until 6 such patients are enrolled
• Diagnosis Patients must have a diagnosis of relapsed/refractory ALL or LLy with or without extramedullary disease (including CNS2 and CNS3). Patient with mixed phenotype ALL or mature B (Burkitt-like) leukemia are not eligible.
• Patients with ALL must have ≥ 5% blasts by morphology.
• Patients with LLy must have measurable disease documented by clinical, radiologic or histologic criteria
• Performance Level Karnofsky ≥ 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky ≥ 50% for patients ≤ 16 years of age.
• Prior Therapy A. Prior therapeutic attempts
• Phase 1 - Any patients with relapsed/refractory ALL or LLy
• Phase 2
• B-cell ALL/LLy: all patients must have failed two or more therapeutic attempts.
• T-cell ALL/LLy: all patients must have failed one or more therapeutic attempts. B. Recent prior chemotherapy Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study.
• Cytoreduction with hydroxyurea Hydroxyurea can be initiated and continued for up to 24 hours prior to the start of protocol therapy.
• Patients who relapsed while they are receiving cytotoxic therapy At least 14 days must have elapsed since the completion of the last dose of chemotherapy,except Intrathecal chemotherapy, and/or maintenance therapy such as vincristine, mercaptopurine, methotrexate or glucocorticoids. There is no waiting period for those relapsing on maintenance therapy. C. Hematopoietic stem cell transplant: Patients who have experienced their relapse after a HSCT are eligible, provided they have no evidence of acute or chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease (GVHD), are not receiving GVHD prophylaxis or treatment, and are at least 90 days post-transplant at the time of enrollment. D. Hematopoietic growth factors: It must have been at least 7 days since the completion of therapy with G-CSF or other growth factors at the time of enrollment. It must have been at least 14 days since the completion of therapy with pegfilgrastim (Neulasta®). E. Biologic (anti-neoplastic agent): At least 7 days since the last dose of a biologic agent. For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair
• Monoclonal antibodies: At least 3 half-lives of the antibody must have elapsed after the last dose of monoclonal antibody. (i.e., blinatumomab = 6 hours,44 inotuzumab = 37 days, rituximab = 66 days)
• Immunotherapy: At least 30 days after the completion of any type of immunotherapy, e.g., tumor vaccines, CAR T cells. F. XRT: Craniospinal XRT is prohibited during protocol therapy. No washout period is necessary for radiation given to any extramedullary site other than CNS; ≥90 days must have elapsed if prior total body irradiation (TBI) or craniospinal XRT. G. Anthracyclines: Patients must have had a lifetime exposure of <400 mg/m2 of doxorubicin equivalents of anthracyclines. H. Proteasome inhibitors: Patients with a prior exposure to proteasome inhibitors (e.g., bortezomib, carfilzomib) are eligible as long as the patient demonstrated at least a partial response to a proteasome inhibitor with chemotherapy combination. -Renal and hepatic function Patients must have adequate renal and hepatic functions as indicated by the following laboratory values: A. Adequate renal function defined as: Patient must have a calculated creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR 70ml/min/1.73m2 OR a normal serum creatinine based on age/gender B. Adequate Liver Function Defined as: Direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age or normal (except in the presence of Gilbert's syndrome), AND alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 5 x ULN for age. The hepatic requirements are waived for patients with known or suspected liver involvement by leukemia or lymphoma. This must be reviewed by and approved by the study chair or vice chair.
• Adequate Cardiac Function Defined as: Shortening fraction of more than or equal to 27% by echocardiogram, OR ejection fraction of equal to or more than 50% by radionuclide angiogram (MUGA).
• Reproductive Function A. Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test confirmed within 2 weeks prior to enrollment. B. Female patients with infants must agree not to breastfeed their infants while on this study. C. Male and female patients of child-bearing potential must agree to use an effective method of contraception approved by the investigator during the study and for a minimum of 6 months after study treatment.
• Informed Consent Patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must be capable of understanding the investigational nature, potential risks and benefits of the study. All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent. Age appropriate assent will be obtained per institutional guidelines. To allow non-English speaking patients to participate in this study, bilingual health services will be provided in the appropriate language when feasible.
• All institutional, FDA, and OHRP requirements for human studies must be met.
A Heart Disease Study of Semaglutide in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes (SOUL)
The researchers are doing this study to look whether the type 2 diabetes medicine, semaglutide, has a positive effect on heart disease. Participants will either get semaglutide tablets or placebo tablets ("dummy" medicine) - which treatment is decided by chance. Participants must take one tablet with water every morning on an empty stomach and not eat or drink anything for at least 30 minutes. The study will last for about 3.5-5 years. Participants will have up to 25 clinic visits and 1 phone call with the study doctor. Women cannot be in the study if pregnant, breast-feeding or if they plan to become pregnant during the study period.
• Male or female, age equal to or above 50 years at the time of signing informed consent
• Diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus
• HbA1c 6.5% - 10.0% (47 - 86 mmol/mol) (both inclusive) (latest available and no more than 30 days old local laboratory assessment based on medical records or point of care measurement)
• At least one of the below conditions (a-d): a) Coronary heart disease defined as at least one of the following: i. Prior myocardial infarction ii. Prior coronary revascularisation procedure iii. 50% or above stenosis in coronary artery documented by cardiac catheterisation, computerized tomography coronary angiography iv. Coronary heart disease with ischaemia documented by stress test with any imaging modality b) Cerebrovascular disease defined as at least one of the following: i. Prior stroke ii. Prior carotid artery revascularisation procedure iii.50% or above stenosis in carotid artery documented by X-ray angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, computerized tomography angiography or Doppler ultrasound c) Symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) defined as at least one of the following: i. Intermittent claudication with an Ankle-brachial index (ABI) below
• 85 at rest ii. Intermittent claudication with a 50% or above stenosis in peripheral artery (excluding carotid) documented by X-ray angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, computerized tomography angiography or Doppler ultrasound iii. Prior peripheral artery (excluding carotid) revascularization procedure iv. Lower extremity amputation at or above ankle due to atherosclerotic disease (excluding e.g. trauma or osteomyelitis) d) Chronic kidney disease defined as: i. eGFR below 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (based on medical records using latest available and no more than 6 months old assessment)
• Any of the following: myocardial infarction, stroke, hospitalisation for unstable angina pectoris or transient ischaemic attack within the past 60 days prior to the day of screening
• Planned coronary, carotid or peripheral artery revascularisation known on the day of screening
• Heart failure presently classified as being in New York Heart Association Class IV
• Treatment with any glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist within 30 days before screening
Mechanisms of Exercise Intolerance in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction
The global objective of this study is to determine the mechanisms of exercise intolerance and dyspnea on exertion (DOE) in patients with HFpEF and based on this pathophysiology, test whether specific exercise training programs (whole body vs single leg) will result in improved exercise tolerance.
• signs and symptoms of heart failure
• an ejection fraction > 0.50
• objective evidence of diastolic dysfunction
• age < 60 years
• BMI > 50 kg/m2
• PDE5 inhibitor use
• Severe valvular disease
• Severe COPD
• CKD 4 or higher
• Contra-indication to MRI.
Nivolumab in Combination With 5-azacytidine in Childhood Relapsed/Refractory AML
This is a phase I/II Study of Nivolumab in Combination with 5-azacytidine in pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia
• Relapsed or refractory AML with ≥5% blasts (by morphology) in the bone marrow.
• 1st or greater relapse, OR
• Failed to go into remission (i.e. refractory) after first or greater relapse, OR
• Failed to go into remission from original diagnosis after two or more induction attempts.
• Relapsed or refractory AML with ≤ 5% blasts (by morphology) and MRD positive disease (M1/MRD+): Two serial marrows demonstrating stable or rising MRD ≥ 0.1 % (i.e. not declining). MRD will be determined by multiparameter flow cytometry using AML-associated phenotype markers, or real-time quantitative PCR for AML-associated genetic lesions
• Patients may have CNS 1 or 2 or other sites of extramedullary disease. No cranial irradiation is allowed during the protocol therapy.
• Patients with secondary AML are eligible.
• Patients with DNA fragility syndromes (such as Fanconi anemia, Bloom syndrome) are excluded.
• Patients with Down Syndrome will be eligible and will be included as an observation cohort Performance Level Karnofsky > 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky > 50% for patients ≤ 16 years of age. Prior Therapy Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study. A. Myelosuppressive chemotherapy
• Prior chemotherapy Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study. At least 14 days must have elapsed since the completion of the cytotoxic therapy, except Intrathecal chemotherapy.
• Cytoreduction with hydroxyurea Hydroxyurea can be initiated and continued for up to 24 hours prior to the start of day 1 nivolumab and azacytidine. It is recommended to use hydroxyurea in patients with significant leukocytosis (WBC > 50,000/L) to control blast count before initiation of systemic protocol therapy. B. Hematopoietic stem cell transplant: Patients who have experienced their relapse after a HSCT are eligible provided they have no evidence of active GVHD, no past history of grade 3 or greater GVHD, and are at least 100 days post-transplant at the time of enrollment. Patients should be off immune suppression for at least 2 weeks (excluding physiologic replacement steroids). C. Hematopoietic growth factors: It must have been at least 7 days since the completion of therapy with GCSF or other growth factors at the time of enrollment. It must have been at least 14 days since the completion of therapy with pegfilgrastim (Neulasta®). D. Biologic (anti-neoplastic agent): At least 7 days after the last dose of a biologic agent. For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair E. Monoclonal antibodies: At least 3 half-lives of the antibody must have elapsed after the last dose of monoclonal antibody. (i.e. Gemtuzumab = 36 days) F. Immunotherapy: At least 42 days after the completion of any type of immunotherapy, e.g. tumor vaccines or CAR T-cells. G. XRT: XRT is prohibited during protocol therapy. No washout period is necessary for radiation given to non-CNS chloromas; ≥ 90 days must have elapsed if prior TBI or craniospinal XRT. Renal and hepatic function Patients must have adequate renal and hepatic functions as indicated by the following laboratory values: A. Adequate renal function defined as: Patient must have a calculated creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR ≥ 70ml/min/1.73m2 OR a normal serum creatinine based on age/gender in the chart below: B. Adequate Liver Function Defined as: Direct bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age or normal, AND alanine transaminase (ALT) < 5 x ULN for age. The hepatic requirements are waived for patients with known or suspected liver involvement by leukemia. This must be reviewed by and approved by the study chair or vice chair. Adequate Cardiac Function Defined as: Shortening fraction of ≥ 27% OR ejection fraction of ≥ 50%. Reproductive Function A. Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test confirmed within 24 hours prior to first dose. B. Female patients with infants must agree not to breastfeed their infants while on this study. C. Male and female patients of child-bearing potential must agree to use an effective method of contraception approved by the investigator during the study and for a minimum of 7 months after study treatment. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) receiving nivolumab will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 5 months after the last dose of nivolumab. Men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 7 months after the last dose of nivolumab. Informed Consent Patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must be capable of understanding the investigational nature, potential risks and benefits of the study. All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent. Age appropriate assent will be obtained per institutional guidelines. To allow non-English speaking patients to participate in this study, bilingual health services will be provided in the appropriate language when feasible. Protocol Approval All institutional, FDA, and OHRP requirements for human studies must be met.