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LCH-IV, International Collaborative Treatment Protocol for Children and Adolescents With Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
The LCH-IV is an international, multicenter, prospective clinical study for pediatric Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis LCH (age < 18 years).
• Stratum I
• Patients must be less than 18 years of age at the time of diagnosis.
• Patients must have histological verification of the diagnosis of Langerhans cell histiocytosis according to the criteria described in Section 6.1
• Signed informed consent form
• Stratum II
• Patients of Stratum I who have:
• Progressive disease (AD worse) in non-risk organs after 6 weeks (Initial Course
• AD intermediate or worse in non-risk organs or AD better in risk organs after 12 weeks (Initial Course 2)
• Disease progression (AD worse) in non-risk organs at any time during continuation treatment
• Active disease at the end of Stratum I treatment
• Disease reactivation in non-risk organs at any time after completion of Stratum I treatment
• Stratum III
• Patients from Stratum I who fulfill the following criteria:
• AD worse in risk organs after week 6 (after Initial Course 1), or AD worse or AD intermediate in risk organs after week 12 (after Initial Course 2).
• Presence of unequivocally severe organ dysfunction at the above mentioned evaluation points (hematological dysfunction, liver dysfunction, or both of them) as
• Hb <70 g/L (<7.0 g/dl) and/or transfusion dependency
• PLT <20 x109/L (20,000/μL) and/or transfusion dependency (both criteria have to be fulfilled) AND/OR
• Liver dysfunction (or digestive involvement with protein loss)
• Total protein <55 g/L or substitution dependency
• Albumin <25 g/L or substitution dependency (at least one of the two criteria to be fulfilled)
• Stratum IV
• Patients from Stratum I or Stratum III who fulfill the following criteria:
• AD worse in risk organs after week 6 (after Initial Course 1), or AD worse or AD intermediate in risk organs after week 12 (after Initial Course 2) of Stratum I OR
• AD worse after the 2nd and 3rd 2-CdA/Ara-C course, and those AD worse or AD intermediate after the 4th 2-CdA/Ara-C course of Stratum III AND
• Presence of unequivocally severe organ dysfunction at the above mentioned evaluation points (hematological dysfunction, liver dysfunction, or both of them) as defined in Table XI (see Section 10.3.1).
• Informed consent: All patients or their legal guardians (if the patient is <18 years of age) must sign an Ethics or institutional Review Board approved consent form indicating their awareness of the investigational nature and the risks of this study. When appropriate, younger patients will be included in all discussions in order to obtain assent.
• Adequate organ function: Patients should have adequate hepatic, renal, cardiac and pulmonary function to undergo reduced intensity HCT based upon local institutional guidelines, or at a minimum meet requirements noted in eligibility checklist Appendix A-VIII_1. However, significant hepatic and pulmonary dysfunction, if secondary to underlying LCH disease activity, will not exclude patients from protocol enrollment and should be discussed with the National PI Coordinator and the Coordinating Principal Investigator.
• Stratum V
• All patients with verified diagnosis of LCH and MRI findings consistent with ND-CNSLCH irrespective of previous treatments (also those not registered to other Strata ofLCH-IV).
• Patients with isolated tumorous CNS-LCH (including isolated DI with mass lesion in the hypothalamus-pituitary axis). In patients with already established diagnosis of LCH and radiologic finding of CNS lesions compatible with LCH, a biopsy of the lesion is not obligatory. In all other cases a biopsy of the lesion is needed for inclusion into the study
• Stratum VI -- Patients with newly diagnosed SS-LCH and localization other than "multifocal bone",isolated tumorous CNS lesion, or isolated "CNS-risk" lesion.
• Stratum VII -- All patients registered in LCH IV (regardless of treatment) as long as consent for longterm follow-up has not been withheld.
• Stratum I
• Pregnancy (patients of child-bearing age must be appropriately tested before chemotherapy)
• LCH-related permanent consequences (e.g. vertebra plana, sclerosing cholangitis, lung fibrosis, etc.) in the absence of active disease
• Prior systemic therapy
• Stratum II
• Patients with progressive disease in risk organs
• Permanent consequences (e.g. sclerosing cholangitis, lung fibrosis, etc.) without evidence of active LCH in the same organ or in any other locations
• No written consent of the patient or his/her parents or legal guardian
• Stratum III
• The presence of any of the following criteria will exclude the patient from the study:
• Isolated sclerosing cholangitis without evidence of active hepatic LCH as the only evidence of risk organ involvement.
• Inadequate renal function as defined by serum creatinine > 3x normal for age
• Stratum IV
• Pulmonary failure (requiring mechanical ventilation) not due to active LCH.
• Isolated liver sclerosis or pulmonary fibrosis, without active LCH.
• Uncontrolled active life-threatening infection.
• Decreased renal function with a GFR of less than 50ml/1.73m2/min.
• Pregnancy or active breast feeding
• Failure to provide signed informed consent
• Stratum VI
• Patients with SS-LCH who have an isolated tumorous CNS lesion (they are eligible for Stratum V),
• Patients with isolated "CNS-risk" or multifocal bone lesions (they are eligible for Stratum I, Group 2)
POCUS: Hemostatic Potential and Joint Health in Patients With Severe Hemophilia A on Novel Replacement Therapies
This is a prospective, randomized control trial in which each patient will be randomly assigned to receive either extended half-life factor VIII based replacement therapy or non-FVIII based replacement therapy, which are both standard of care treatment for persons with Hemophilia A.
• Subjects with moderate hemophilia A (baseline factor VIII activity 1-5%) or severe hemophilia A (baseline factor VIII activity <1%) on prophylactic standard half-life FVIII infusions OR subjects with moderate or severe hemophilia A who have not started prophylactic treatment
• Less than 18 years of age
• Subjects with documented FVIII inhibitor
• Subjects with a history of ≥ 2 target joints
• Subjects with a history of synovectomy
• Currently using medications known to impact bone and mineral metabolism (e.g., bisphosphonates, corticosteroids, estrogen, testosterone, calcitonin, thyroid hormone therapy);
• Disease states known to affect bone integrity (e.g., primary hyperparathyroidism, Paget's disease, clinically significant liver disease)
Peripheral Nerve Stimulation(PNS) for Subacromial Impingement Syndrome(SIS)
Shoulder pain accounts for 16% of all musculoskeletal complaints in the healthy adult population. Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is the most common cause of shoulder pain. Many patients with chronic pain from subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) will fail treatment efforts and have longstanding pain. This project will evaluate the efficacy of a novel approach to treatment, percutaneous peripheral nerve stimulation, for participants with chronic shoulder pain due to subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS).
• Shoulder pain of >3 months
• Worst pain in the last week>=4 (0-10 scale)
• Ability to check skin and perform dressing changes, independently or with assistance
• Stable dose of pain medication (Not taking more than than 1 opioid or 1 non-opioid analgesic)
• Current shoulder joint or overlying skin infection, or current bacterial infection requiring antibiotics
• Other chronic pain syndrome (Pain in another area of the body 15 or more days in the last 30 (more than half of the time) or taking daily analgesics for another pain syndrome)
• Prior shoulder surgery to ipsilateral shoulder joint (glenohumeral, rotator cuff, acromioclavicular (AC) Joint, etc.)
• Corticosteroid injection in the ipsilateral shoulder or any other pain relieving treatment in last 12 weeks
• Uncontrolled bleeding disorder
• Medical instability based on physician opinion after review of medical information
• Neurological condition affecting ipsilateral upper limb (such as central neurologic injury/illness, radiculopathy, diabetic amyotrophy, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, etc.)
• Current Worker's compensation claim for the ipsilateral shoulder
• Shoulder instability, severe glenohumeral osteoarthritis(OA) based on patient symptoms and physical examination
• Ipsilateral shoulder injury due to severe trauma (Fall from greater than standing height; Motor vehicle crashes; Struck by vehicle or other fast-moving projectile (e.g., bullet, baseball, etc.); Assault (i.e., injuries intentionally inflicted by another person))
• Current osseus fracture in ipsilateral arm
• Ipsilateral upper limb amputation other than a single digit (digits 2-5, partial or full)
• Surgical indication for shoulder treatment based on physician opinion
• Compromised immune system (immunodeficiency or immunosuppression)
• Current use of a Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) system, implanted active cardiac implant (e.g. pacemaker or defibrillator), any other implantable neuro-stimulator whose stimulus current pathway may overlap with that of the SPRINT System
• Patients who have a tape or adhesive allergy
• Contraindication to Magnetic resonance imaging (metal in body, claustrophobia, body habitus, etc) - exclude from Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) only
Radiofrequency Ablation and Steroid Versus Steroid Alone for Relief of Pain in Patients With Advanced Knee and Hip Osteoarthritis
The purpose of this trial is to determine if radiofrequency ablation plus steroid perineural injections at the knee or hip provide longer pain relief and better function to patients than the current standard of care, perineural steroid injections alone. This pilot study is a prospective two arm randomized trail, all participants will be recruited from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UTSW) outpatient orthopedic clinic. 40 participants (20 hip and 20 knee OA) will be enrolled into the standard of care arm (treated with steroid injections alone) and 40 participants (20 hip and 20 knee OA) will be enrolled into the investigational arm (treatment with a combination of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) plus steroid injections) for a total of 80 enrolled participants. All subjects will complete a function and pain assessment at the time of injection and three additional time points: 2 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months post injection. This study will use the same knee function questionnaire and frequency currently used in clinic per standard of care. In addition, all participant's surgical history and prior injection history will be reviewed via the Electronic Medical Record (EMR).
• Males or females age 18 to 100 years
• Osteoarthritis of the knee Kellgren-Lawrence grade 3-4 OR
• Osteoarthritis of the hip Tonnis grades 2 or higher
• History of knee or hip replacement
• History of intra-articular steroid injections within the past 6 weeks
• Active infection
A Study to Assess the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Oral LPCN 1148 in Male Subjects With Cirrhosis of the Liver and Sarcopenia
This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to assess the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of LPCN 1148 in men with cirrhosis of the liver and sarcopenia.
• Male ≥ 18 years old
• Currently listed, on the liver transplant waitlist for cirrhosis secondary to Hepatitis B or C infection, Alcoholic Liver Disease (ALD), or Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)
• Evidence of sarcopenia with appropriate cutoff recommended by clinical guidance
• Suspected or proven hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)
• History of current or suspected prostate or breast cancer
• History of malignancies other than prostate, breast, or HCC, unless successfully treated with curative intent and believed to be cured (defined as complete remission lasting at least 5 years)
• History of uncontrolled or recurrent portal hypertensive bleeding, including uncontrolled or recurrent bleeding from varices, gastropathy, colopathy, or hemorrhoidal bleeding.
• History or current thrombosis (including portal vein thrombosis), thromboembolism, or treatment for portal vein thrombosis
• History of hemochromatosis
• History of hypercoagulable state (e.g. Factor V Leiden deficiency, protein C deficiency, protein S deficiency, anti-thrombin III deficiency, or the presence of lupus anticoagulant)
• Prior history of complications of ascites including:
• Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
• Hepatic hydrothorax
• MELD score > 25
• Abnormal lab value in serum chemistry, hematology, or urinalysis that the PI considers clinically significant, including but not limited to:
• PSA > 4 ng/mL
• Polycythemia (Hematocrit >54%) or history of polycythemia
• ALT or AST > 5x ULN
• ALP > 1.5x ULN
• Platelet count < 30,000/mL
• EGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2
• Total bilirubin > 3.0 mg/dL
• Serum albumin < 2.8 g/dL
• INR > 2.3 or PT prolongation > 6.0 seconds
• Subjects with PSA between 2.5 ng/mL and 4 ng/mL are excluded only if any of the below criteria are met at baseline:
• Hematocrit > 48%
• I-PSS > 19
• Any irregularity found on digital rectal examination of the prostate
• Subjects with PSA > 3 ng/mL are excluded only if any of the below criteria are met at baseline:
• Subject is African American
• Subject has a first-degree relative who has a history of prostate cancer
• Hematocrit > 48%
• I-PSS > 19
• Any irregularity found on digital rectal examination of the prostate
• Clinically significant abnormal prostate digital rectal examination (DRE) in the opinion of the PI, with DRE screening initiated at International Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS) > 19
• History of bariatric surgery
• History of stroke or myocardial infarction within the past 5 years
• Known positivity for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection
• Acute liver failure as the indication for addition to the liver transplant waitlist
• Estimated life expectancy less than 3 months or expected to undergo liver transplant within 3 months
• Known heart failure of New York Heart Association class III or IV
• Evidence of severe encephalopathy or encephalopathy that is not controlled despite adequate medical therapy
• History of prior organ transplant
• History of Fontan physiology
• History of pulmonary embolus
• Porto-pulmonary hypertension
• Hepatopulmonary syndrome
• Uncontrolled epilepsy or migraine
• Active substance abuse or dependency extending to within the previous 6 months
• History of significant sensitivity or allergy to testosterone, or product excipients.
• Use of known strong inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole) or inducers (e.g., dexamethasone, phenytoin, rifampin, carbamazepine) of cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) within 30 days prior to study drug administration and through the end of the study
• Subjects who are currently receiving any androgens (testosterone or other androgens or androgen-containing supplements) and are unwilling to washout prior to screening a. Washout: 12 weeks following long-acting intramuscular androgen injections; 4 weeks following topical or buccal androgens; 3 weeks following oral androgens
• Uncontrolled hypertension (>160/90 mmHg despite treatment)
• Uncontrolled obstructive sleep apnea
• Use of any investigational drug within 5 half-lives of the last dose or in the past 6 months prior to Study Day -2 without medical monitor and/or Sponsor approval
• Subject who is not willing to use adequate contraception for the duration of the study
• Any other condition, which in the opinion of the investigator would impede compliance to the study protocol (including diet, exercise, and alcohol abstinence) or hinder completion of the study
• Failure to give informed consent
A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of CNTX-6970 in Subjects With Knee Osteoarthritis Pain.
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of two doses of CNTX-6970 for the treatment of pain related to OA of the knee compared to placebo. CNTX-6970 is being developed as a new treatment for chronic pain, including painful osteoarthritis of the knee.
• Individuals between 40 and 90 years of age (inclusive) at the time of the Screening Visit.
• Willing to use a mobile smart device during the study period. Individuals who do not have access to a mobile device will be provided with one for the duration of the study and trained in its use.
• Can understand the nature of the study and protocol requirements and is willing to comply with study drug administration requirements and discontinue prohibited concomitant medications.
• Radiography of both knees with a posterior-anterior, fixed-flexion view taken during the Screening visit. The Index knee must show evidence of chronic OA with a K-L Grading Scale of 1, 2, 3, or 4. Such evidence will be provided by a central reading of the radiography of both knees from an expert radiologist of the CCC of EPPIC-Net.
• Moderate to severe pain in the Index knee associated with OA and stable for a minimum of 6 months prior to Screening in the opinion of the investigator.
• Confirmation of OA of the index knee: American College of Rheumatology (ACR) diagnostic criteria.
• Subjects must have failed 2 or more prior therapies. Failure is deemed to be inadequate relief in the opinion of the investigator.
• Body mass index (BMI) of ≤ 40 kg/m2.
• Willing to refrain from illicit drug use during the study, and to have illicit drug testing at screening and at later time points. A subject will be excluded from the study if they meet any of the following criteria:
• Any form of joint replacement surgery, open surgery, or arthroscopic surgery of the index knee/knee joint with 12 months of Screening.
• Any painful condition(s) of the index knee due to disease other than OA. For example, periarticular or referred pain involving the index knee, or from joint disease other than OA associated with the index knee.
• Other chronic pain anywhere in the lower extremities (e.g. hips, legs, feet) that is equal or greater in intensity or impairment than index knee pain or that requires the use of analgesic medications. This includes radicular low back pain with radiation to the knee.
• Documented history of neuropathic arthropathy in the knee.
• Significant instability (e.g., cruciate ligament tear or rupture or previous repair) within the past 5 years or current misalignment (>10 degrees varus or valgus) of the index knee.
• Plans to have surgery, invasive procedures, or intra-articular (IA) injections of the index knee or procedure or surgery otherwise contraindicated for study participation while in the study. a. Concomitant Medications for Pain - i. Continuous use of one of the following medications prescribed for pain: tramadol, gabapentin, duloxetine, pregabalin, milnacipran, or tricyclic antidepressants that is:
• chronic for at least 12 weeks; and
• at a stable dose for at least 4 weeks before Screening ii. Intermittent use of opioids that is:
• ongoing for at least 4 weeks before Screening;
• at a frequency no more than 4 days/week; and
• not be taken within 24 hours of a study visit iii. As needed use of acetaminophen b. Concomitant Medications for Non-Pain Indications That May Impact Pain - i. Continuous use of medication for non-pain indications that are known to potentially impact pain, e.g. duloxetine for depression, that is at a stable dose for at least 12 weeks prior to Screening.
• Corticosteroid injection in the index knee within 90 days of Screening or during study participation.
• Received IA viscosupplementation (e.g., Synvisc®, Hyalgan®) within 90 days of Screening or any time during study participation.
• History of clearly documented allergic reaction to celecoxib (Celebrex®), or to sulfa drugs.
• Use of an investigational medication within 30 days of Screening, or 5 pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic half-lives (whichever is longer) or scheduled to receive such an agent while participating in the current study.
• Current therapy with any immunosuppressive therapy, including corticosteroids (>5 mg/day of prednisone).
Cobimetinib in Refractory Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH), and Other Histiocytic Disorders (NACHO-COBI)
This is a research study of a drug called cobimetinib in children and adults diagnosed with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), and other histiocytic disorders that has returned or does not respond to treatment. Cobimetinib blocks activation of a protein called Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK) that is part of incorrect growth signals in histiocytosis cells. Four different groups of patients will be enrolled.
• For Group 1: Participant must be at least 6 months of age and less than 21 years of age at the time of enrollment
• For Group 2: Participant may be at least 6 months of age at the time of enrollment
• For Group 3: Participant must be at least 6 months of age and less than 21 years of age at the time of enrollment
• For Group 4: Participant must be 21 years of age or older at the time of enrollment
• Participant must be able to take an enteral dose and formulation of medication. Study medication is only available as an oral suspension or tablet which may be taken by mouth or other enteral route such as nasogastric or gastric tube.
• Biopsy proven LCH -AND
• Failure of at least front-line therapy for LCH with evaluable disease. -OR
• Diagnosis of LCH-associated neurodegenerative disease with radiologic or clinical progression within the past 3 months. -OR
• Biopsy proven JXG, ECD, RDD, histiocytic sarcoma, or other histiocytic lesion (newly diagnosed or relapsed/refractory disease) with evaluable active disease. Performance Level: -Karnofsky ≥ 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky ≥ 50% for patients ≤ 16 years of age. Adequate Hematologic Function Defined as:
• ANC ≥ 0.75 x 10^9/L (unsupported/without growth factor stimulant)
• Platelet count ≥ 75 x 10^9/L (unsupported/without transfusion within the past 7 days).
• Patients with marrow disease must have platelet count of >/= 75 x 10^9/L (transfusion support allowed) and must not be refractory to platelet transfusions.
• Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL (unsupported/without transfusion within the past 7 days)
• Patients with marrow disease must have hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL (transfusion support allowed). Adequate Renal Function Defined as:
• Calculated creatinine clearance (or radioisotope GFR) ≥ 70 mL/min/1.73m^2 or serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows: Maximum Serum Creatinine (mg/dL) Age 2 to < 6 years: Male 0.8 mg/d, Female 0.8; 6 to < 10 years: Male 1 mg/dL,Female 1; 10 to < 13 years: Male 1.2 mg/dL; Female 1.2; 13 to < 16 years: Male 1.5 mg/dL ; Female 1.4; ≥ 16 years: Male 1.7 mg/dL; Female 1.4; Adequate Liver Function Defined as:
• Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• AST and ALT ≤ 3x ULN (≤ 5 x ULN for participants with liver involvement)
• Serum albumin ≥ 2 g/dL. For patients with liver disease caused by histiocytic disorder: • Patients may be enrolled with abnormal bilirubin, AST, ALT and albumin with documentation of histiocytic liver disease. Adequate Cardiac Function Defined as:
• Fractional shortening (FS) of ≥ 30% or ejection fraction of ≥ 50% by echocardiogram at baseline, as determined by echocardiography or multigated acquisition scan (MUGA) within 28 days prior to enrollment. Depending on institutional standard, either FS or LVEF is adequate for enrollment if only one value is measured; if both values are measured, then both values must meet criteria above Pregnancy/Birth Control
• Female patients of childbearing potential require a negative urine or serum pregnancy test for eligibility and again at database registration, if more than 2 weeks has elapsed.
• Female patients of childbearing potential must agree to follow the contraceptive requirements using two forms of effective contraceptive methods for the duration of the study treatment. Male patients with sexual partners who are pregnant or who could become pregnant (i.e., women of child-bearing potential) must agree to use two forms of effective methods of contraception (one of which must be a barrier method) during the treatment period and for at least 3 months after the last dose of the study drug to avoid pregnancy and/or potential adverse effects on a developing embryo. Agreement to true abstinence (not periodic abstinence or withdrawal method) is an acceptable method of birth control. EXCLUSION CRITERIA:
• Prior and Concomitant Use of Drugs with CYP3A4 inducing/inhibiting activity: Patient taking strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 within 14 days prior to study enrollment, including but not limited to the following: erythromycin, clarithromycin, ketoconazole, azithromycin, itraconazole, grapefruit juice or St. John's wort.
• Prior Therapy Restrictions Completion of previous chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, or targeted therapy for LCH (or other histiocytic disorder) at least 28 days (except where specified below) prior to study enrollment, with resolution of all associated toxicity to ≤ Grade 1 prior to study enrollment (exception for alopecia and ototoxicity which do not need to be resolved ≤ Grade 1). Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anti-cancer directed therapy prior to enrollment. If after the required timeframe, the laboratory eligibility criteria are met, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately.
• Radiation therapy within the 28 days prior to enrollment.
• Any prior treatment with Cobimetinib.
• Treatment with a long-acting hematopoietic growth factor within 14 days prior to initiation of study drug or a short-acting hematopoietic growth factor within 7 days prior to enrollment.
• Treatment with hormonal therapy (except hormone replacement therapy or oral contraceptives), immunotherapy, biologic therapy, investigational therapy, or herbal cancer therapy within 28 days or < 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, prior to study enrollment.
• Treatment with high-dose chemotherapy and stem-cell rescue (autologous stem cell transplant) or allogeneic stem cell transplant within 90 days prior to enrollment. Anti-GVHD agents post-transplant: Patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible for this trial.
• For patients with brain tumors (intracranial masses), use of anticoagulants within 7 days prior to enrollment.
• Corticosteroid therapy <0.5 mg/kg/day averaged during the month prior to study enrollment is permissible but must be discontinued fourteen (14) days prior to enrollment. Patients with documented brain lesions receiving corticosteroids for management of cerebral edema must be on a stable dose for fourteen (14) days prior to enrollment.
• Patient has received treatment with investigational therapy within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study drug.
• Patients taking anticoagulants or have a pre-existing bleeding disorder unrelated to histiocytic disease.
• Exclusions for other illness
• Other active malignancy or history of secondary malignancy.
• Refractory nausea and vomiting, malabsorption, external biliary shunt
• Infection: Patients who have a known active infection (excluding documented fungal infection of the nail beds) within 28 days prior to enrollment that has not completely resolved.
• Major surgical procedure or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to enrollment, or anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study. Placement of a vascular access device or minor surgery is permitted within fourteen (14) days prior to study enrollment (provided that the wound has healed).
• History of significant bowel resection that would preclude adequate absorption or other significant malabsorptive disease.
• History of pneumonitis.
• Ophthalmologic considerations: Patients with known significant ophthalmologic conditions or known risk factors for retinal vein occlusion are not eligible. Specifically, patients with a history of retinal vein occlusion (RVO), retinal detachment, retinal pathology on ophthalmologic exam, retinopathy of prematurity, central serous chorioretinopathy (CSSCR), neovascular retinopathy, intraocular pressure > 21 mmHg, and predisposing factors to RVO (e.g., uncontrolled hypertension, diabetes, or hyperlipidemia, coagulopathy) will be excluded. Patients with longstanding and stable ophthalmologic findings secondary to existing conditions are eligible with appropriate written documentation and approval from Study Chair.
• History of solid organ transplantation: Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation are not eligible.
• Any other disease, metabolic or psychological dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that in the opinion of the investigator contraindicates use of an investigational drug or places the patient at unacceptable risk from treatment complications.
• History of clinically significant cardiac dysfunction, including the following:
• Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias including brady-arrhythmias and/or patients who require anti-arrhythmic therapy (with the exception of beta blockers or digoxin). Patients with controlled atrial fibrillation are not excluded.
• Unstable arrhythmia
• Unstable angina, or new-onset angina within 3 months prior to initiation of study treatment
• Symptomatic congestive heart failure, defined as New York Heart Association Class II or higher
• Myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to initiation of study treatment
• Known chronic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
• History of Grade ≥ 2 CNS hemorrhage or history of any CNS hemorrhage within 28 days of enrollment.
• Female patients who are pregnant or lactating. Pregnant or lactating women will not be entered on this study because there is no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities.
Abatacept in Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Myocarditis (ATRIUM)
The primary aim is to test whether abatacept, as compared to placebo, is associated with a reduction in major adverse cardiac events (MACE) among participants hospitalized with myocarditis secondary to an immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI). The primary outcome, MACE, is a composite of first occurrence of cardiovascular death, non-fatal sudden cardiac arrest, cardiogenic shock, significant ventricular arrythmias, significant bradyarrythmias, or incident heart failure.
• Must have provided informed consent in a manner approved by the Investigator's Institutional Review Board (IRB) prior to any study-related procedure being performed. If a participant is unable to provide informed consent due to his/her medical condition, the participant's legally authorized representative may consent on behalf of the study participant, as permitted by local law and institutional Standard Operating Procedures;
• Aged greater than or equal to 18 years at the time of informed consent;
• Recent use of an FDA-approved immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI, defined as administered an immune checkpoint inhibitor ≤ 6 months of myocarditis diagnosis), alone or in combination with other cancer therapies (i.e. chemotherapy, radiation therapy or targeted therapy). The FDA-approved ICI could be given as part of a clinical trial but not in combination with a new investigational agent which may cause myocarditis;
• A diagnosis of myocarditis.
• Hospitalized at the time of randomization;
• On 1000 mg of solumedrol per day for myocarditis or with an intent to initiate 1000 mg of solumedrol per day for myocarditis within 24 hours of first administration of study drug;
• Serum evidence of ongoing myocardial injury: Serum evidence of ongoing myocardial injury will be defined as an institutional troponin (either conventional or high-sensitivity troponin I or T, using the standard institutional assay) with a value that is ≥5 times the upper limit of the reference standard normal for that institution. The troponin assay may be adjusted based on sex depending on institutional standards. This value of troponin of ≥5 times above the institutional upper limits of normal value must be noted within 10 days prior to potential randomization. The 10-day period can be in the outpatient or inpatient setting. For example, a participant with a troponin value that on one occasion was ≥5 times the upper limits of institutional normal in the 10-day window prior to potential randomization (whether in the inpatient or outpatient setting), but later decreases below that threshold, typically due to starting corticosteroids, would still be considered eligible;
• The following laboratory parameters, not older than 48 hours at the time of randomization, and measured as part of usual care:
• Total white blood cell (WBC) count >2,500/μl
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >1,500/μL
• Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) <20 times the upper limit of the institutional normal ranges;
• Women of childbearing potential (i.e., not postmenopausal, or surgically sterilized) must have a negative highly sensitive urine or serum pregnancy test prior to randomization. Participating women of childbearing potential must be willing to consistently use effective methods of contraception from screening until at least 90 days after administration of the last dose of study drug. Participating men must also be willing to consistently use effective methods of contraception from screening until at least 90 days after administration of the last dose of study drug; and
• Must be willing and able to abide by all study requirements and restrictions.
• Must not have experienced any of the following (as defined in the section on the primary endpoint) in the 30-day period prior to randomization:
• A sudden cardiac arrest
• Cardiogenic shock as defined. A significant bradyarrhythmia (Mobitz type II second degree atrioventricular block or third degree (complete) atrio-ventricular (AV) block, for which an intervention with a temporary or permanent pacemaker is completed or recommended).
• A significant tachyarrhythmia (ventricular fibrillation of any duration or sustained ventricular tachycardia (>30 seconds, >120 beats per minute); or a ventricular tachyarrhythmia requiring intervention.
• Recent (≤2 month) exposure to abatacept or belatacept.
• Concurrent or recent (≤2 month) use of the following non-corticosteroid immunosuppressive therapies prior to randomization: mycophenolate, JAK STAT inhibitors (including but not limited to upadacitinib, tofacitinib, baricitinib, and filgotinib), tacrolimus, anti-thymocyte globulin, alemtuzumab, infliximab, and plasma exchange. The use of intravenous immunoglobulin is permitted prior to randomization and during study treatment.
• Currently enrolled in another interventional study utilizing systemic agents for the management of ICI-related toxicities.
• Female who is pregnant, breastfeeding, or is considering becoming pregnant during the study or for approximately 90 days after the last dose of study drug.
• Male who is considering fathering a child or donating sperm during the study or for approximately 30 days after the last dose of study drug.
• Any active, chronic, or recurrent viral infection that, based on the investigator's clinical assessment, makes the participant an unsuitable candidate for the study. These may include hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV), recurrent or disseminated (even a single episode) herpes zoster, and disseminated (even a single episode) herpes simplex. Active HBV and HCV are defined as: HBV: hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs Ag) positive (+) or detected sensitivity on the HBV deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) qualitative test for Hepatitis B core antibody (HBc Ab) positive (+) participants; HCV: HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA) detectable in any participant with anti-HCV antibody (HCV Ab). Patients with active Covid-19 infection will be excluded. This is defined as the period of ongoing symptoms in the setting of a positive Covid-19 test, or until 10 days after symptom onset and after resolution of fever for at least 24 hours, without the use of fever-reducing medications.
• Known active tuberculosis (TB), history of incompletely treated TB, suspected or known extrapulmonary TB, suspected or known systemic bacterial or fungal infections;
• Receipt of any live vaccine within four weeks prior to the first dose of study drug, or expected need of live vaccination during study participation including at least 90 days after the last dose of IV study drug.
• Any medical condition that could interfere with, or for which the treatment might interfere with, the conduct of the study or interpretation of the study results, or that would, in the opinion of the Investigator, increase the risk of the participant by participating in the study.
• Any factors that, in the Investigator's opinion, are likely to interfere with study procedures, such as history of noncompliance with scheduled appointments.