Search Results Within Category "Senior Health "

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6 Study Matches

Pragmatic Evaluation of Events And Benefits of Lipid-lowering in Older Adults (PREVENTABLE)

PREVENTABLE is a multi-center, randomized, parallel group, placebo-controlled superiority study. Participants will be randomized 1:1 to atorvastatin 40 mg or placebo. This large study conducted in community-dwelling older adults without cardiovascular disease (CVD) or dementia will demonstrate the benefit of statins for reducing the primary composite of death, dementia, and persistent disability and secondary composites including mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and cardiovascular events.

Call 214-648-5005,

Craig Rubin
75 Years and over
Phase 4
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Community-dwelling adults
• Age ≥75 years
• English or Spanish as primary language
Exclusion Criteria:

• Clinically evident cardiovascular disease defined as prior myocardial Infarction (MI), prior stroke, prior revascularization procedure, or a secondary prevention indication for a statin (clinician determined)
• Hospitalization for a primary diagnosis of heart failure in the prior 12 months (Note: History of heart failure in the absence of recent hospitalization or clinically evident cardiovascular disease is not an exclusion)
• Dementia (clinically evident or previously diagnosed)
• Dependence in any Katz Basic Activities of Daily Living [ADL] (with the exception of urinary or bowel continence)
• Severe hearing impairment (preventing phone follow up)
• Unable to talk (preventing phone follow up)
• Severe visual impairment (preventing cognitive testing)
• Statin use in the past year or for longer than 5 years previously (participant reported)
• Ineligible to take atorvastatin 40 mg (clinician determined)
• Documented intolerance to statins
• Active Liver Disease
• Long-term use of daily colchicine, verapamil at any dose, or diltiazem at a dose >240mg/day.
Drug: Atorvastatin 40 Mg Oral Tablet, Drug: Placebo oral tablet
Dementia, Cardiovascular Diseases, Unknown Sites, Cognitive Impairment, Mild
statin, older adults
UT Southwestern; Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Polypill Strategy for Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction

Heart failure with a reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) represents a significant public health burden in the United States, with a growing prevalence particularly among African Americans and Hispanic Americans and individuals of low socioeconomic status (SES). Although effective therapies exist, gaps in their uptake contribute substantially to the excess burden of heart failure. The "polypill" is an inexpensive once daily pill containing three agents proven to improve morbidity and mortality in heart failure and represents potential strategy for increasing the utilization of proven HF therapies. The proposed study is a pragmatic, single-center, randomized trial to test the feasibility and effectiveness of a polypill-based strategy for the treatment of HFrEF in a low-income, racially diverse population.

Call 214-648-5005,

Ambarish Pandey
18 Years and over
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Adults age > = 18 years
• HF with left ventricular ejection fraction <= 40% within 3 months of screening who are not on optimal guideline directed medical therapy
• New York Heart Association class II, III, or IV symptoms
Exclusion Criteria:

• Age < 18
• Systolic blood pressure < 120 mm Hg at enrollment
• Estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 as measured by the simplified
• MDRD formula
• Serum potassium > 5.0 mEq/L
• Current need for inotropes
• Cardiac index < 2.2 L/min/m2
• History of revascularization within 30 days or plan for revascularization
• History of type 1 diabetes mellitus
• History of allergic reaction or contraindication to a beta-blocker (BB), mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (MRA), or sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i)
• Contraindication to receive any of the components of the polypill
• Pregnancy
• < 12 month expected survival
• Inability to provide written informed consent
• Persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation who may not have optimal MRI imaging
• Extreme obesity (BMI > 45 kg/m2)
• ICD/PAcemaker devices that are incompatible with MRI
Drug: Polypill, Drug: Control Rx
Heart Failure, Heart
UT Southwestern; Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Impact of Intensive Treatment of SBP on Brain Perfusion, Amyloid, and Tau (IPAT Study) (IPAT)

The purpose of this study is to determine if intensive lowering of systolic blood pressure (SBP), using FDA approved medications (antihypertensive), reduces Alzheimer's Disease pathology (i.e., excessive brain amyloid and tau protein deposition) in older adults at high risk for memory decline or dementia.

Call 214-648-5005,

Rong Zhang
60 Years to 80 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Age 60-80, all races/ethnicities, and both sexes are eligible;
• a) A positive family history of dementia defined as having at least one first-degree relative with a history of AD or other type of dementia or
• b) having subjective memory complaints defined as a positive answer to BOTH of the following questions:
• "Are you worried about your memory or thinking abilities? a) Not at all, b) A little bit, c) A lot"; B and C - includes
• "Do you feel you have difficulty with your memory or thinking that is worse than in the past?" b) Yes or No; Yes - includes
• Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) ≥ 26 to exclude gross dementia; based on clinical judgment, may be rescreened in ≥ 7 days;
• Individuals with SBP ≥ 130 and SBP ≤ 180; Those on antihypertensives are eligible. If an individual, not treated for HTN, has a SBP ≥ 125 mmHg, consider rescreening after 24 hours;
• Willingness to be randomized into the treatment groups and ability to return to clinic for follow-up visits over 24 months;
• Fluency in English or Spanish or both, adequate visual and auditory acuity to allow neuropsychological testing;
• Participants must have a regular healthcare provider.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Clinically documented history of stroke, focal neurological signs or other major cerebrovascular diseases based on clinical judgment or MRI/CT scans such as evidence of infection, infarction, or other brain lesions;
• Diagnosis of AD or other type of dementia, or significant neurologic diseases such as Parkinson's disease, seizure disorder, multiple sclerosis, history of severe head trauma or normal pressure hydrocephalus;
• Evidence of severe major depression (GDS ≥ 12, may be rescreened after 12 weeks or longer if evidence of reactive depression or temporary mood disturbances) or clinically significant psychopathology, (e.g., psychosis and schizophrenia); if hospitalized in past year, can be rescreened in 6 months; or presence of a major psychiatric disorder that in the investigator's opinion, could interfere with adherence to research assessments or procedures.
• Unstable heart disease based on clinical judgment (e.g., heart attack/cardiac arrest, cardiac bypass procedures within previous 6 months and congestive heart failure), or other severe medical conditions;
• History of atrial fibrillation and evidence on ECG with any of the following: active symptoms of persistent palpitation, dizziness, history of syncope, chest pain, dyspnea, orthopnea, shortness of breath at rest, or paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea within the past 6 months; resting heart rate of < 30 or > 110 bpm; taking class I or III antiarrhythmic drugs including flecainide, propafenone, dronedarone, sotalol, dofetilide, and amiodarone; or clinical concerns for safely participating in lowering blood pressure.
• Systolic BP equal or greater than 180 mmHg and/or diastolic BP equal or greater than 110 mmHg, may be rescreened in 1 week.
• Orthostatic hypotension, defined as the third standing SBP < 100mmHg, may be rescreened after 2 weeks;
• History of significant autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis or polymyalgia rheumatica;
• Significant history of alcoholism or drug abuse within the last five years;
• Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, defined as hemoglobin A1C > 6.5%, or requiring insulin treatment;
• Clinically diagnosed and untreated sleep apnea;
• Regularly smoking cigarettes within the past year;
• Pacemaker or other medical device of metal that precludes performing MRI;
• Women with a potential for pregnancy, lactation/childbearing (2 year post-menopausal or surgically sterile to be considered not childbearing potential);
• Participant enrolled in another investigational drug or device study, either currently or within the past 2 months;
• Severe obesity with BMI > 40 ; clinical judgment should be applied in all cases to assess patient safety and anticipated compliance;
• Allergy to angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), i.e., drugs that have a suffix "-sartan"; allergy to amlodipine;
• Abnormal screening laboratory tests (e.g., liver ALT and AST > 3 x ULN, GFR < 30 or Hct < 28%); may be rescreened after 2 weeks or longer;
• A medical condition likely to limit survival to less than 3 years;
• Participant has any condition(s) judged by the study investigator to be medically inappropriate, risky or likely to cause poor study compliance. For example:
• Plans to move outside the clinic catchment area in the next 2 years;
• Significant concerns about participation in the study from spouse, significant other, or family members;
• Lack of support from primary health care provider;
• Residence too far from the study clinic site such that transportation is a barrier including persons who require transportation assistance provided by the study clinic funds for screening or randomization visits;
• Residence in a nursing home; persons residing in an assisted living or retirement community are eligible if they meet the other criteria;
• Other medical, psychiatric, or behavioral factors that, in the judgment of the site PI or clinician, may interfere with study participation or the ability to follow the study Protocol.
• Couples or significant partners who live together cannot be enrolled or participate simultaneously in the study.
Drug: Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs, losartan) and Calcium Channel Blockers (CCB, amlodipine), Other: PCP
Hypertension, Cognitively Normal Older Adults, Subjective Cognitive Decline, Brain and Nervous System, Family History of Dementia
Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Cognitive Function, Blood Pressure, Amyloid, Tau
UT Southwestern
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Late Onset Alzheimer's Disease (LOAD)

The goal of this study is to is to focus on the genetic influences on Alzheimer's Disease (AD) risk. The investigators are looking for families and/or individuals (affected or unaffected) of any ethic background (African American, Caucasian, and Hispanics) with a family history of AD and willing to participate.

Call 214-648-5005,

Ihab Hajjar
55 Years and over
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
STU 082012-046
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Established diagnosis of definite or probable AD or have a diagnosis of a related neurodegenerative disorder such as Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) or Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) (will also recruit sporadic FTD and LBD) cases.
• a living sibling with probable or possible AD;
• a third living relative affected with AD (onset age 50 or older) or unaffected (60 or older);
• participants in the proband's generation with an identified companion serving as an informant;
• participants who have capacity to consent or participants lacking capacity to consent with a surrogate/proxy in place to provide consent.
Exclusion Criteria:

• failure to identify an appropriate informant;
• uncertainty of the clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease or other related disorder;
• discovery of additional diagnosis that could account for the clinical manifestations;
• unwillingness to participate;
• failure to identify a living sibling with AD or other related disorder (except in the cases of sporadic FTD and sporadic LBD);
• participants lacking the capacity to consent who do not have a surrogate or proxy or next of kin to provide consent.
Genetic: Blood Draw, Other: Late Onset Alzheimer's Disease (LOAD) Neuropsychological Battery Test
Alzheimer Disease
Genetic testing, Genetic influence
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Modulation of SERCA2a of Intra-myocytic Calcium Trafficking in Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction (MUSIC-HFrEF1)

It is believed that targeted SERCA2a enzyme replacement in HFrEF patients will correct defective intracellular Ca2+ hemostasis, resulting in improved cardiac contractile function and energetics which will, in turn, translate to improved clinical outcomes. Additionally, it is hypothesized that correcting SERCA2a dysfunction will also improve coronary blood flow through correction of the impaired endothelium-dependent nitric oxide-mediated vasodilatation observed in heart failure.

Call 214-648-5005,

Justin Grodin
18 Years to 80 Years old
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Chronic ischemic or non-ischemic cardiomyopathy
• NYHA class III/IV
• LVEF ≤35%
• Maximal, optimized heart failure therapy; ICD Main
Exclusion Criteria:

• Restrictive cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, acute myocarditis, pericardial disease, amyloidosis, infiltrative cardiomyopathy, uncorrected thyroid disease or discrete left ventricular (LV) aneurysm
• Prior heart transplantation, left ventricular reduction surgery (LVRS), cardiomyoplasty, passive restraint device (e.g., CorCap™ Cardiac Support Device), mechanical circulatory support device (MCSD) or cardiac shunt
• Likely to receive cardiac resynchronization therapy, cardiomyoplasty, LVRS, conventional revascularization procedure or valvular repair in the 6 months following treatment
• Likely need for an immediate heart transplant or MCSD implant due to hemodynamic instability
• Inadequate hepatic and renal function
• Diagnosis of, or treatment for, any cancer within the last 5 years except for basal cell carcinoma or carcinomas in situ where surgical excision was considered curative
Biological: SRD-001, Drug: Placebo
Congestive Heart Failure, Heart Failure, Heart Failure, Systolic, Heart
UT Southwestern
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Comparing UroLift Experience Against Rezūm (CLEAR)

C.L.E.A.R. Study is poised to compare the patient experience post procedure, including catheterization needs as well as retreatment and BPH medication rates following treatment with either the UroLift® System or Rezūm™ System through 12 months.

Call 214-648-5005,

Claus Roehrborn
50 Years and over
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Male gender
• Age ≥ 50 years
• Diagnosis of symptomatic BPH
• Prostate volume 30cm3 ≤ 80cm3
• Willing to sign study informed consent form
Exclusion Criteria:

• Current urinary tract infection
• Current catheter dependent urinary retention or PVR >= 500 mL
• Urethra conditions that may prevent insertion of delivery system into bladder
• Previous BPH surgical procedure
• Urinary incontinence presumed due to incompetent sphincter
• Current gross hematuria
• Patients with a urinary sphincter implant
• Patients who have a penile prosthesis
• Currently enrolled in any other investigational clinical research trial that has not completed the primary endpoint
Device: UroLift, Device: Rezum
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, Prostate
UT Southwestern
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