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Suggestions within category "Cancer"

38 Study Matches

A Dose Escalation and Dose Expansion Study of Intratumoral ONM-501 Alone and in Combination With Cemiplimab in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors and Lymphomas. (ON-5001)

A phase 1, multicenter, open label, non-randomized dose escalation and dose expansion study to examine the maximum tolerated dose, (MTD), minimum effective dose (MED) and/or recommended dose for expansion (RDE) of intratumoral ONM-501 as monotherapy and in combination with a PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor in patients with advanced solid tumors and lymphomas.

Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu

Heather McArthur
195731
All
18 Years and over
Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT06022029
STU-2023-0921
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Ability to understand and willingness to sign written informed consent before performance of any study procedures
• Age ≥ 18 years
• Participants with solid tumors or lymphomas, confirmed by available histopathology records or current biopsy, that are advanced, nonresectable, or recurrent and progressing since last antitumor therapy, and for which no alternative standard therapy exists.
• Participants must have a minimum of one injectable and measurable lesion.
• Participants with prior Hepatitis B or C are eligible if they have adequate liver function
• Participants with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are eligible if on established HAART for a minimum of 4 weeks prior to enrollment, have an HIV viral load <400 copies/mL, and have CD4+ T-cell (CD4+) counts ≥ 350 cells/uL
• Adequate bone marrow function:
• Adequate liver function
Exclusion Criteria:
Patients will be excluded from this study if they meet any of the following criteria (Part 1a and Part 1b).
• Other malignancy active within the previous 2 years except for basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast that has completed curative therapy.
• Major surgery within 4 weeks before the first dose of study drug.
• Brain metastases that are untreated or in the posterior fossa or involve the meninges. Participants with stable or previously treated progressing brain metastases (except in the posterior fossa or involving the meninges) may be permitted in a case-by-case basis at the Sponsor's discretion.
• Prolongation of corrected QT (QTc) interval to >470 millisecond (ms) for males and females when electrolytes balance is normal.
• Females who are breastfeeding or pregnant at screening or baseline
• Females of childbearing potential that refuse to use a highly effective method of contraception.
• Has uncontrolled or poorly controlled hypertension as defined by a sustained BP > 9. Has received prior investigational therapy within 5 half-lives of the agent or 4 weeks before the first administration of study drug, whichever is shorter.
• Has had any major cardiovascular event within 6 months prior to study drug 10. Has known hypersensitivity to any component in the formulation of ONM-501
• Has an active infection requiring systemic treatment
• Is participating in another therapeutic clinical trial Additional Exclusion Criteria for ONM-501 in Combination with cemiplimab (Part 1b)
• Has known hypersensitivity to any component in the formulation of cemiplimab
• Has any active or recent history of a known or suspected autoimmune disease or recent history of a syndrome that required systemic corticosteroids (>10 mg daily prednisone equivalent)
• Has a condition requiring systemic treatment with corticosteroids
Drug: ONM-501, Drug: Cemiplimab
Multiple Myeloma, Bladder Cancer, Mycosis Fungoides, Metastatic Cancer, Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin, Skin Cancer, Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Triple Negative Breast Cancer, Follicular Lymphoma, Mantle Cell Lymphoma, Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma, Carcinoma In Situ, Brain and Nervous System, Anus, Bones and Joints, Breast - Female, Breast - Male, Cervix, Colon, Corpus Uteri, Kidney, Lung/Thoracic, Melanoma, skin, Other Digestive Organ, Other Endocrine System, Other Skin, Rectum, Stomach, Urinary Bladder, Hodgkins Lymphoma, Kaposis sarcoma, Lymphoid Leukemia, Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma, Small Intestine, Soft Tissue, Tumor, Solid, Uveal Melanoma, Recurrent, Cervix Cancer, Tumor Recurrence
Solid tumors, Lymphoma, ONM-501, STING, Intra-tumoral, HNSCC, Breast Cancer, Melanoma, Skin Cancer, cemiplimab, Libtayo, DLBCL, bladder cancer, cervical cancer, metastases, immunotherapy, ICI, TNBC, Triple Negative, mTNBC, anti-PD-1 antibody, BRCA1, BRCA2, anti-PD-L1, uveal, NHL, Mantle Zone lymphoma, FL, stimulator of interferon genes
UT Southwestern
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A Study of SNDX-5613 in Combination With Chemotherapy for Patients Diagnosed With Relapsed or Refractory Leukemia

This phase II trial tests the safety and best dose of SNDX-5613 (revumenib) in combination with chemotherapy, and evaluates whether this treatment improves the outcome in infants and young children who have leukemia that has come back (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory) and is associated with a KMT2A (MLL) gene rearrangement (KMT2A-R). Leukemia is a cancer of the white blood cells, where too many underdeveloped (abnormal) white blood cells, called "blasts", are found in the bone marrow, which is the soft, spongy center of the bones that produces the three major blood cells: white blood cells to fight infection; red blood cells that carry oxygen; and platelets that help blood clot and stop bleeding. The blasts crowd out the normal blood cells in the bone marrow and spread to the blood. They can also spread to the brain, spinal cord, and/or other organs of the body. The leukemia cells of some children have a genetic change in which a gene (KMT2A) is broken and combined with other genes that typically do not interact with one another; this is called "rearranged". This genetic rearrangement alters how other genes are turned on or off in the cell, turning on genes that drive the development of leukemia. Patients with KMT2A rearrangement have higher risk for cancer coming back after treatment. Revumenib is an oral medicine that directly targets the changes that occur in a cell with a KMT2A rearrangement and has been shown to specifically kill these leukemia cells in preclinical laboratory settings and in animals. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine, prednisone, asparaginase, fludarabine and cytarabine work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. This trial is being done to find out if the combination of revumenib and chemotherapy would be safe and/or effective in treating infants and young children with relapsed or refractory KMT2A-R leukemia.

Call 833-722-6237
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Caroline Smith
83834
All
1 Month to 6 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT05761171
STU-2023-1226
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must be 1 month to < 6 years old at the time of study enrollment and must have had initial diagnosis of leukemia at < 2 years old.
• Patients must have KMT2A-rearranged acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage (ALAL), or mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL), which is determined to be refractory or in first marrow relapse. All patients must undergo cytogenetics and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) testing of a relapsed/refractory blast sample at a Children's Oncology Group (COG)-approved laboratory for KMT2A-R status determination and the presence of a KMT2A- rearrangement must be confirmed by central review. Cytogenetics results must be submitted for central review by Day 10 of protocol therapy, for confirmation of KMT2A-R status. Patients enrolled with refractory disease may utilize initial diagnostic cytogenetics for eligibility and submission for central review if testing was performed at a COG approved laboratory. Patients will be eligible to remain on protocol therapy if KMT2A-R is confirmed by central review. Additional methods of assessing for KMT2A-R may be considered if FISH does not detect the rearrangement.
• Disease status at time of enrollment must be one of the following:
• First relapse: Any recurrence of marrow disease, with or without other extramedullary sites(s), at any point after achieving remission. ("Remission-1", per definition below) meeting one of these criteria:
• Relapse M1: M1 morphology (< 5% blasts) + at least 2 confirmatory tests showing >= 1% blasts (testing includes flow, cytogenetics, polymerase chain reaction [PCR]/next-generation sequencing [NGS] of immunoglobulin [Ig]/T-cell receptor [TCR] rearrangement, and/or PCR or NGS of fusion gene identical to diagnosis), OR
• Relapse M2: M2 morphology (5-25% blasts) + 1 confirmatory test showing > 1% blasts, OR
• Relapse M3: M3 morphology (> 25% blasts)
• Refractory, or failure to achieve Remission-1: Remission-1 is defined as < 1% marrow blasts by flow minimal residual disease (MRD) and resolution of extramedullary disease by the end of Consolidation, or 2 courses of frontline chemotherapy.
• Central Nervous System (CNS) disease: Patients must have CNS1 or CNS2 status and no clinical signs or neurologic symptoms suggestive of CNS leukemia, such as cranial palsy.
• Patients with CNS3 disease may receive antecedent intrathecal chemotherapy to achieve CNS1 or CNS2 status prior to enrollment.
• Patients with a history of CNS chloromatous disease are required to have no radiographic evidence of CNS disease prior to enrollment.
• White blood cell (WBC) must be < 50,000/uL at the time of study enrollment. Patients can receive cytoreduction with hydroxyurea and/or corticosteroids for up to 7 days prior to enrollment.
• Patients >= 12 months of age must have a performance status by Lansky Scale of >= 50%.
• Patients must be able to take enteral medications. Acceptable routes of administration for SNDX-5613 include: oral (PO), nasogastric (NG) tube, nasojejunal (NJ) tube, nasoduodenal (ND), and gastrostomy tube (G-tube).
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anti-cancer agents known to be myelosuppressive:
• >= 14 days must have elapsed after the completion of other cytotoxic therapy, including patients who relapse during pre-Maintenance upfront therapy, with these specific exceptions: cytoreduction with hydroxyurea and/or corticosteroids, and intrathecal chemotherapy, which have no required washout periods. For patients who relapse during upfront Maintenance therapy, >= 7 days must have elapsed after the last dose of chemotherapy. Additionally, patients must have fully recovered from all acute toxic effects of prior therapy.
• NOTE: Cytoreduction with hydroxyurea and/or corticosteroids is permitted prior to enrollment for patients with WBC >= 50,000/uL, and by provider discretion regardless of WBC, to reduce potential risk of differentiation syndrome with SNDX-5613 initiation. Hydroxyurea and/or corticosteroids may be given for up to 7 days, with no wash-out required.
• NOTE: No waiting period is required for patients having received intrathecal cytarabine, methotrexate, and/or hydrocortisone. Intrathecal chemotherapy that is given up to 7 days prior to the initiation of protocol therapy counts as protocol therapy and not prior anti-cancer therapy. Intrathecal chemotherapy given > 7 days prior does not count as protocol therapy.
• NOTE: Prior exposure to fludarabine and cytarabine (FLA) is permitted.
• Anti-cancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g., not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil count [ANC] counts): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent.
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1. There is an exception for blinatumomab infusions, for which patients must have been off for at least 3 days and all drug related toxicity must have resolved to grade 2 or lower as outlined in the inclusion/exclusion criteria.
• Hematopoietic growth factors: >= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g., pegfilgrastim) or >= 7 days for short-acting growth factor. For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned Research Coordinator.
• Interleukins, Interferons and Cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): >= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon, or cytokines
• Stem cell infusions (with or without total body irradiation (TBI):
• Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or stem cell boost: >= 84 days after infusion
• Donor leukocyte infusion: >= 28 days
• Cellular Therapy: >= 28 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (e.g., modified T cells, natural killer [NK] cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
• Radiation Therapy (XRT)/External Beam Irradiation including protons: >= 14 days after local XRT; >= 84 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to >= 50% of the pelvis; >= 42 days if other substantial bone marrow radiation.
• A serum creatinine based on age as follows:
• Age 1 month to < 6 months: maximum serum creatinine 0.4 mg/dL
• Age 6 months to < 1 year: maximum serum creatinine 0.5 mg/dL
• Age 1 to < 2 years: maximum serum creatinine 0.6 mg/dL
• Age 2 to < 6 years: maximum serum creatinine 0.8 mg/dL OR
• a 24-hour urine Creatinine clearance >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR
• a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2. GFR must be performed using direct measurement with a nuclear blood sampling method OR direct small molecule clearance method (iothalamate or other molecule per institutional standard).
• NOTE: Estimated GFR (eGFR) from serum creatinine, cystatin C or other estimates are not acceptable for determining eligibility.
• A direct bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age, unless disease related
• Serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (3 x ULN) unless disease related.
• Note: For the purpose of eligibility, the ULN for SGPT (ALT) has been set to the value of 45 U/L
• Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram, or ejection fraction of >= 50% by radionuclide angiogram.
• Corrected QT interval using Fridericia formula (QTcF) of < 450 msec (using the average of triplicate measurements)
• NOTE: There are no specific electrolyte parameters for eligibility. However, it should be noted that, to limit QTc prolongation risk, patients must maintain adequate potassium and magnesium levels to initiate and continue SNDX-5613 on protocol therapy.
• Patients must be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with isolated extramedullary leukemia.
• Patients diagnosed with Down syndrome.
• Patients known to have one of the following syndromes:
• Bloom syndrome, ataxia-telangiectasia, Fanconi anemia, Kostmann syndrome, Shwachman syndrome, or any other known bone marrow failure syndrome.
• Patients with a secondary KMT2A-R leukemia that developed after treatment of prior malignancy with cytotoxic chemotherapy.
• Patients with a history of congenital prolonged QT syndrome, congestive heart failure or uncontrolled arrhythmia in the past 6 months prior to study enrollment.
• Patients with an active, uncontrolled infection, further defined below:
• Positive bacterial blood culture within 48 hours of study enrollment
• Fever above 38.2 degrees Celsius (C) within 48 hours of study enrollment with clinical signs of infection. Fever that is determined to be due to tumor burden is allowed if patients have documented negative blood cultures for at least 48 hours prior to enrollment and no concurrent signs or symptoms of active infection or hemodynamic instability
• A positive fungal culture within 30 days of study enrollment or active therapy for presumed invasive fungal infection
• Patients may be receiving IV or oral antibiotics to complete a course of therapy for a prior documented infection as long as cultures have been negative for at least 48 hours and signs or symptoms of active infection have resolved. For patients with Clostridium (C.) difficile diarrhea, at least 72 hours of antibacterial therapy must have elapsed and stools must have normalized to baseline
• Active viral or protozoal infection requiring IV treatment
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients are eligible if on effective anti-retroviral therapy that does not interact with planned study agents and with undetectable viral load within 6 months of enrollment.
• Patients with active acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) > grade 0 (unless skin only), or chronic GVHD > mild (unless skin only) are not eligible. Patients with acute or chronic skin GVHD that is =< grade 1, or chronic skin GVHD that is graded as mild are eligible.
• Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation.
• Patients with known Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, if treating on Regimen A (with vincristine).
• CYP3A4 Inhibitors or Inducers: Patients who require concomitant therapy with moderate or strong CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers, as these are prohibited during the chemotherapy combination cycles. These agents should be discontinued at least 5 half-lives prior to starting protocol therapy. Concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitor -azole antifungals are permitted during the SNDX-5613 monotherapy cycles, with appropriate SNDX-5613 dose modification.
• P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitors or inducers: Vincristine is a substrate for P-gp. Concomitant use of P-gp inhibitors or inducers with vincristine (patients receiving Regimen A Cycle 1) should be avoided.
• Investigational Drugs: Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug.
• Anti-cancer Agents: Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents (exceptions: hydroxyurea and corticosteroids, which may be used as cytoreduction prior to enrollment).
• Anti-GVHD Agents: Patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus, or other systemic agents to treat graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant. Patients should discontinue anti-GVHD agents > 7 days prior to enrollment and have no evidence of worsening GVHD. Topical steroids are permitted.
• Patients who have previously been treated with SNDX-5613. Prior exposure to other menin inhibitors is permitted.
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent.
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met.
Procedure: Biospecimen Collection, Procedure: Bone Marrow Aspiration, Drug: Calaspargase Pegol, Drug: Cytarabine, Procedure: Echocardiography, Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate, Drug: Hydrocortisone Sodium Succinate, Procedure: Lumbar Puncture, Drug: Methotrexate, Procedure: Multigated Acquisition Scan, Drug: Prednisolone, Drug: Prednisone, Drug: Revumenib, Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Leukemia, Other, Leukemia, Not Otherwise Specified, Recurrent Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Recurrent Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia, Refractory Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia, Refractory Acute Leukemia of Ambiguous Lineage, Recurrent Acute Leukemia of Ambiguous Lineage, Recurrent Acute Myeloid Leukemia Due to Lineage Switch From Acute Leukemia of Ambiguous Lineage, Recurrent Acute Myeloid Leukemia Due to Lineage Switch From B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, KMT2A-Rearranged, Recurrent Acute Myeloid Leukemia Due to Lineage Switch From Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia, Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia Due to Lineage Switch From Acute Leukemia of Ambiguous Lineage, Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia Due to Lineage Switch From B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, KMT2A-Rearranged, Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia Due to Lineage Switch From Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia
Children’s Health
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Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption (BBBD) for Liquid Biopsy in Subjects With GlioBlastoma Brain Tumors

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of targeted blood brain barrier disruption with Exablate Model 4000 Type 2.0/2.1 for liquid biopsy in subjects with suspected Glioblastoma brain tumors

Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu

Bhavya Shah
173107
All
18 Years to 80 Years old
N/A
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT05383872
STU-2022-0890
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Male or Female between >18-80 years of age who are able and willing to give informed consent
• Subjects with stereotactically-targetable suspected glioblastoma tumor on pre-operative brain imaging scans
• Subjects that are scheduled, or will be scheduled within 4 weeks, for surgical resection or biopsy per standard clinical tumor care
• Karnofsky Performance Score >70
• Able to communicate sensations during the Exablate BBBD procedure
Exclusion Criteria:

• Tumor originating from the deep midline, thalamus, midbrain, cerebellum or brainstem.
• Multifocal tumors
• Tumor morphology or other imaging findings that precludes the ability to sonicate the planned tumor volume (including significant tumor volume outside the treatment envelope or tumor volume that exceeds the maximum sonication volume allowed, i.e. currently 110 ccs at the treatment volume level). Concern for adequate tumor coverage by sonication based on tumor morphology should be discussed with the Sponsor.
• MRI or clinical findings of:
• Active or chronic infection(s) or inflammatory processes
• Acute or chronic hemorrhages, specifically any lobar microbleeds, and no siderosis, amyloid angiopathy, or macro-hemorrhages
• Intracranial thrombosis, vascular malformation, cerebral aneurysm or vasculitis
• MR non-compatible metallic implants in the skull or the brain or the presence of unknown MR unsafe devices
• Significant cardiac disease or unstable hemodynamic status
• Documented myocardial infarction within six months of enrollment
• Unstable angina on medication
• Unstable or worsening congestive heart failure
• Left ventricular ejection fraction below the lower limit of normal
• History of a hemodynamically unstable cardiac arrhythmia
• Cardiac pacemaker
• History of hypersensitivity to Perflutren lipid microsphere or its components, e.g., polyethylene glycol
• Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic > 180 and diastolic BP > 120 on medication)
• Unable to discontinue use of anti-coagulant/antiplatelet therapy as per local standard.
• History of a liver disease, bleeding disorder, coagulopathy or a history of spontaneous hemorrhage or evidence of increased risk of bleeding
• Abnormal coagulation profile (Platelets < 80,000), PT (>14) or PTT (>36), and INR >
• 3
• Known cerebral or systemic vasculopathy
• Significant depression and at potential risk of suicide
• Known sensitivity/allergy to gadolinium or DEFINITY,
• Active seizures despite medication treatment (defined as >1 seizure per week) which could be worsened by disruption of the blood brain barrier
• Active drug or alcohol disorder which have a higher risk for seizures, infection and/or poor executive functioning
• Positive HIV status, which can lead to increased entry of HIV into the brain parenchyma leading to HIV encephalitis
• Potential blood-borne infections which can lead to increased entry to brain parenchyma leading to meningitis or brain abscess
• Any contraindications to MRI scanning, including:
• Large subjects not fitting comfortably into the scanner
• Difficulty lying supine and still for up to 3 hours in the MRI unit or claustrophobia
• Impaired renal function with estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min/1.73m2
• Severe Respiratory Illness: chronic pulmonary disorders e.g. severe emphysema, pulmonary vasculitis, or other causes of reduced pulmonary vascular cross-sectional area, subjects with a history of severe drug allergies, asthma or hay fever, and multiple allergies where the benefit/risk of administering Definity® is considered unfavorable by the study physicians in relation to the product labeling for Definity
• Currently in a clinical trial involving an investigational product or non-approved use of a drug or device
• Pregnancy or Lactation
Device: Focused Ultrasound (Exablate Model 4000)
Glioma, Glioblastoma, Brain and Nervous System, Liquid Biopsy
UT Southwestern
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Vincristine Pharmacokinetics in Infants

This pilot trial compares drug exposure levels using a new method for dosing vincristine in infants and young children compared to the standard dosing method based on body surface area (BSA) in older children. Vincristine is an anticancer drug used to a variety of childhood cancers. The doses anticancer drugs in children must be adjusted based on the size of the child because children vary significantly in size (height, weight, and BSA) and ability to metabolize drugs from infancy to adolescence. The dose of most anticancer drugs is adjusted to BSA, which is calculated from a patient's weight and height. However, infants and young children have more severe side effects if the BSA is used to calculate their dose, so new dosing models have to be made to safely give anticancer drugs to the youngest patients. This new method uses a BSA-banded approach to determine the dose. Collecting blood samples before and after a dose of the drug will help researchers determine whether this new vincristine dosing method results in equivalent drug levels in the blood over time in infants and young children compared to older children.

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Laura Klesse
13954
All
up to 12 Years old
Early Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT05359237
STU-2022-1175
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must be =< 12 years of age at the time of study enrollment. Patients will be stratified into 4 age groups:
• 0 to 6 months
• 6 months and 1 day to 12 months
• 12 months and 1 day to 36 months
• 36 months and 1 day to 12 years
• Newly diagnosed and relapsed cancer diagnosis that is being treated with vinCRIStine at the 1.5 mg/m^2 dose level
• Any disease status
• Patients must have a Lansky performance status of 50 or higher
• Patients must be receiving a treatment regimen that includes 1.5 mg/m^2 vinCRIStine (maximum dose 2 mg)
• Patients with a BSA < 0.6 m^2 must be dosed according to the Children's Oncology Group (COG) BSA-banded infant dosing table for the 1.5mg/m2 dose level for vinCRIStine
• Note: Patients can be studied after any dose of vinCRIStine
• Patients who are NOT enrolled on a COG clinical trial and who have a BSA < 0.6 m^2 and who are being dosed according to another infant dosing method (e.g., the 30-Rule) can receive a dose of vinCRIStine from the infant dosing table for the pharmacokinetic study. These patients will NOT be part of the Dose Modification Assessment
• Patients with a seizure disorder may be enrolled if on allowable anticonvulsants and well controlled as evidenced by no increase in seizure frequency in the prior 7 days
• Nervous system toxicities (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE]) version (v)5 resulting from prior therapy must be grade =< 2
• Central venous access device in place (e.g., percutaneous indwelling central catheter [PICC], port, Broviac) or scheduled to be placed prior to the dose of vinCRIStine and that can be used for pharmacokinetic (PK) sampling
• VinCRIStine may be given as an outpatient, as long as all sample time points can be collected, which will require return for hour 24 sampling
Exclusion Criteria:

• Azoles antifungals and macrolide antibiotics: Patients who are currently receiving an azole or macrolide (e.g., fluconazole, isavuconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole, ketoconazole, eryromycin, clarithromycin, azithromycin, roxithromycin, or telithromycin) are not eligible
• CYP3A4/5 inducers/inhibitors: Patients receiving any medications or substances that are considered moderate or strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4/5 are not eligible. Moderate or strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4/5 should be avoided from 14 days prior to enrollment to the end of the study.
• Note the following are allowed:
• Dexamethasone for CNS tumors or metastases, on a stable dose
• Aprepitant for management of nausea and vomiting
• Anticonvulsants: Patients receiving moderate or strong CYP3A4/5 enzyme inducing anticonvulsants are not eligible.
• Patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
• A baseline neurological disorder with manifestations that overlap with vinCRIStine-associated neurotoxicities
• Patients being treated on a Children Oncology Group (COG) clinical trial, that does not use the infant dosing tables for vinCRIStine are not eligible for this study.
• Patients receiving a modified dose (< 1.5 mg/m^2) of vinCRIStine due to prior toxicity
• Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the sampling requirements of the study
Procedure: Biospecimen Collection, Drug: Vincristine
Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Cell Neoplasm, Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Brain and Nervous System, Bones and Joints, Kidney, Hodgkins Lymphoma, Lymphoid Leukemia, Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma, Soft Tissue
Children’s Health
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Tofacitinib in Recurrent GBM Patients

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of Tofacitinib in patients with recurrent Glioblastoma.

Call 833-722-6237
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Michael Youssef
200728
All
18 Years and over
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT05326464
STU-2021-1029
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Histologically confirmed GBM (MGMT unmethylated, IDH wild type) at first, second, third, or fourth recurrence after concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Patients with an initial diagnosis of a lower-grade glioma are eligible if a subsequent biopsy determined the progressive tumor to be GBM.
• Imaging confirmation of first tumor progression or regrowth as defined by the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria. A minimum of 12 weeks must have elapsed from the completion of radiotherapy to study entry to minimize the potential for MRI changes related to radiation necrosis that might be misdiagnosed as progression of disease, unless there is a new lesion outside the radiation field or unequivocal evidence of viable tumor on histopathological sampling.
• Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) ≥ 60%.
• Patients must be willing and able to provide written informed consent and to comply with the study protocol as judged by the investigator.
• Age ≥ 18 years.
• Patients must be able to swallow oral medications.
• For women who are of child-bearing potential and who are sexually active and who are not surgically sterile (absence of ovaries and/or uterus): to use an adequate method of contraception (oral contraceptives, intrauterine contraceptive device, barrier method of contraception in conjunction with spermicidal jelly) during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after last dose of study drug. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. For male patients who are partners of premenopausal women: agreement to use a barrier method of contraception during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the last dose of study drug.
• 1 A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:
• Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
• Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
• Patients who have undergone recent surgery for recurrent or progressive tumor are eligible provided that:
• 1 Surgery must have confirmed the recurrence.
• 2 A minimum of 28 days must have elapsed from the day of surgery to study entry. For core or needle biopsy, a minimum of 7 days must have elapsed prior to study entry.
• 3 Craniotomy or intracranial biopsy site must be adequately healed and free of drainage or cellulitis, and the underlying cranioplasty must appear intact at the time of randomization.
• Patients must have recovered (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events CTCAE version 6] Grade ≤1) from the acute effects of chemotherapy except for residual alopecia or Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy prior to randomization. Minimum times from prior therapies include:
• 1 Greater than or equal to 28 days elapsed from the administration of any investigational agent.
• 2 Greater than or equal to 28 days elapsed from the administration of any prior cytotoxic agents, except ≥ 42 days from nitrosoureas. NOTE: Prior treatment with Novo-TTF therapy is allowed at initial diagnosis but must be discontinued prior to study entry.
• GBMs of the study patients must have EGFR gene amplification, which will be detected by next generation sequencing of tumor tissue from resected sample.
• Prior use of bevacizumab is allowed, however patient must be off of this medication for 180 days.
• Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined by the following criteria:
• ANC ≥1.5 × 10(9)/L
• Platelets ≥100 × 10(9)/L
• Hemoglobin ≥8 g/dL
• Total bilirubin ≤1.5 × ULN Patients with Gilbert's syndrome with a total bilirubin ≤2.0 times ULN and direct bilirubin within normal limits are permitted. ALT and AST ≤3 × ULN
Exclusion Criteria:

• Prior treatment with an EGFR or JAK inhibitor.
• Subjects may not be receiving any other investigational agents for the treatment of the cancer under study.
• Patients unable to undergo brain MRI scans with IV gadolinium contrast.
• History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to Tofacitinib
• Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that, in the opinion of the investigator, would limit compliance with study requirements.
• Subjects must not be pregnant or nursing due to the potential for congenital abnormalities and the potential of this regimen to harm nursing infants.
• Prior history of hypertensive crisis, hypertensive encephalopathy, or inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure > 100 mmHg while on antihypertensive medication).
• Refractory nausea and vomiting, chronic gastrointestinal diseases, inability to swallow the formulated product, or previous significant gastrointestinal resection that would preclude adequate absorption of the trial medications.
• History of another malignancy in the previous 3 years, with a disease-free interval of < 3 years. Patients with prior history of in situ cancer or basal or squamous cell skin cancer are eligible.
• Concurrent use of Bevacizumab.
Drug: Tofacitinib 10mg
Glioblastoma, Brain and Nervous System
UT Southwestern
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A Study of LOXO-783 in Patients With Breast Cancer/Other Solid Tumors (PIKASSO-01)

The main purpose of this study is to learn more about the safety, side effects, and effectiveness of LOXO-783. LOXO-783 may be used to treat breast cancer and other solid tumors that have a change in a particular gene (known as the PIK3CA gene). Participation could last up to 36 months (3 years) and possibly longer if the disease does not get worse.

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Nisha Unni
148963
All
18 Years and over
Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT05307705
STU-2022-0511
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Have advanced breast cancer or another solid tumor with the presence of a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA) H1047R mutation (or other Sponsor and safety review committee (SRC)-approved, activating PIK3CA mutations other than H1047R mutation)
• Have adequate archival tumor tissue sample available or be approved by the Sponsor for enrollment if no tumor sample is available.
• Have stopped all cancer treatment and have recovered from the major side effects
• Have adequate organ function, as measured by blood tests
• Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scale
• Patients must have
• Measurable disease --- Patients with non-breast tumor types must have at least 1 measurable lesion
• Non-measurable bone disease (at least 1 bone lesion in breast cancer patients only)
• For patients with an estrogen receptor (ER)+ breast cancer diagnosis:
• If female, must be postmenopausal
• If male, must agree to use hormone suppression
• Phase 1a: -- Dose escalation and backfill patients:
• Advanced solid tumor
• Patients may have had up to 5 prior regimens for advanced disease
• Phase 1b:
• Part A:
• ER+/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)- advanced breast cancer
• Patients may have had up to 5 prior regimens for advanced disease ---- Prior cyclin dependent kinase (CDK)4/6 inhibitor therapy required
• Part B:
• ER+/HER2- advanced breast cancer
• Patients may have had up to 2 prior regimens for advanced disease.
• Part C:
• ER+/HER2- advanced breast cancer
• Patients may have had up to 5 prior regimens for advanced disease. ---- Prior CDK4/6 inhibitor therapy required.
• Have a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus Type 2
• Part D:
• Advanced breast cancer
• Patients may have had up to 5 prior regimens for advanced disease.
• Part E:
• Advanced solid tumor
• Patients may have had up to 3 prior regimens for advanced disease advanced disease
• Part F:
• ER+/HER2- advanced breast cancer
• Patients may have had up to 5 prior regimens for advanced disease
• Prior cyclin dependent kinase (CDK)4/6 inhibitor therapy required
Exclusion Criteria:

• Medical Conditions
• Colorectal cancer
• Endometrial cancers with specific concurrent oncogenic alterations
• A history of known active or suspected
• Diabetes mellitus Type 1 or
• Diabetes mellitus Type 2 requiring antidiabetic medication (Phase 1a and all parts of Phase 1b except Part C).
• Serious concomitant systemic disorder
• Known or suspected history of untreated or uncontrolled central nervous system (CNS) involvement.
• Active uncontrolled systemic bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic infection, or other clinically significant active disease process
• Prior exposure to phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/AKT/mTOR) inhibitor(s), except in certain circumstances
Drug: LOXO-783, Drug: Fulvestrant, Drug: Imlunestrant, Drug: Abemaciclib, Drug: Anastrozole, Exemestane, or Letrozole, Drug: Paclitaxel
Breast Cancer, Brain and Nervous System, Eye and Orbit, Anus, Bones and Joints, Breast - Female, Breast - Male, Cervix, Colon, Corpus Uteri, Kidney, Larynx, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Liver, Lung/Thoracic, Melanoma, skin, Other Digestive Organ, Other Endocrine System, Other Female Genital, Other Male Genital, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Other Skin, Other Urinary, Ovary, Pancreas, Prostate, Rectum, Stomach, Thyroid, Kaposis sarcoma, Small Intestine, Soft Tissue, Unknown Sites
UT Southwestern; Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Pediatric Radiation Oncology With Movie Induced Sedation Effect (PROMISE)

PROMISE (Pediatric Radiation Oncology with Movie Induced Sedation Effect) is an interactive incentive-based movie system that integrates with a video surveillance gating module (VisionRT) as an alternative sedation solution for pediatric patients undergoing radiation treatment (RT). This single-arm, open label, single-center phase II clinical trial is to implement PROMISE for all children ages 3-11 who are planned to undergo RT at the institution. The primary goal is to decrease the total number of pediatric patients who require general anesthesia through the use of PROMISE, with secondary goals being to assess the impact that PROMISE has on patient/family anxiety and quality of life, treatment time and clinical efficiency, and overall cost. The investigators hypothesize that PROMISE will lead to a reduction in the percentage of patients ages 3-7 who require general anesthesia use from 70% (historical control) to 30%.

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Kiran Kumar
181795
All
3 Years to 11 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT05148078
STU-2021-1005
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Planned to undergo radiation treatment
• Age 3-11 years
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2 at screening
• Parents or guardians with the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Subjects with documented medical behavior conditions or other conditions necessitating anesthesia use
• Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that, in the opinion of the investigator, would limit compliance with study requirements.
• Subjects whose parents opt to not include them (the subject) in the clinical trial.
Other: PROMISE (Pediatric Radiation Oncology with Movie Induced Sedation Effect)
Multiple Myeloma, Pediatric Cancer, Brain and Nervous System, Eye and Orbit, Bones and Joints, Kidney, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Other Digestive Organ, Other Endocrine System, Other Female Genital, Other Male Genital, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Other Skin, Other Urinary, Rectum, Thyroid, Leukemia, Other, Leukemia, Not Otherwise Specified, Lymphoid Leukemia, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma, Other Hematopoietic, Soft Tissue
radiotherapy
UT Southwestern; Children’s Health
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Efficacy and Safety of REC-2282 in Patients With Progressive Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2) Mutated Meningiomas (POPLAR-NF2)

This is a two-staged, Phase 2/3, randomized, multi-center study to investigate the efficacy and safety of REC-2282 in patients with progressive NF2 mutated meningiomas.

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Laura Klesse
13954
All
12 Years and over
Phase 2/Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT05130866
STU-2021-1151
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Inclusion Criteria:

• ≥12 years of age and weighing at least 40 kg
• Progressive meningioma that is amenable to volumetric analysis
• Has either 1) sporadic meningioma with confirmed NF2 mutation; or, 2) confirmed diagnosis of NF2 disease (revised Manchester criteria); or, 3) at least one NF2-related tumor (with pathogenic germline or proven mosaic NF2 variant)
• Adequate bone marrow function
• Has provided written informed consent/assent to participate in the study
Exclusion Criteria:

• Progressive disease associated with significant or disabling clinical symptoms likely to require surgery or radiation therapy within the next 3 months.
• Received prior surgery, radiosurgery, or laser interstitial thermal therapy in the target tumor, or immediately adjacent to the target tumor within 6 months prior to screening.
• Received an anti- tumor agent for meningioma within 3 months, or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer), prior to screening.
• History of an active malignancy within the previous 3 years except for localized cancers that are considered cured, and, in the opinion of the investigator, present a low risk of recurrence.
• Received another investigational drug within 30 days prior to screening
• Pregnant, lactating, or is planning to attempt to become pregnant or impregnate someone during this study or within 90 days after the last dose of IMP.
Drug: REC-2282, Drug: Placebo
Brain and Nervous System, Neurofibromatosis Type 2
Neurofibromatosis Type 2, Neurofibromatosis Type II
UT Southwestern; Children’s Health
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A Study of the Drug Selinexor With Radiation Therapy in Patients With Newly-Diagnosed Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine (DIPG) Glioma and High-Grade Glioma (HGG)

This phase I/II trial tests the safety, side effects, and best dose of selinexor given in combination with standard radiation therapy in treating children and young adults with newly diagnosed diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) or high-grade glioma (HGG) with a genetic change called H3 K27M mutation. It also tests whether combination of selinexor and standard radiation therapy works to shrink tumors in this patient population. Glioma is a type of cancer that occurs in the brain or spine. Glioma is considered high risk (or high-grade) when it is growing and spreading quickly. The term, risk, refers to the chance of the cancer coming back after treatment. DIPG is a subtype of HGG that grows in the pons (a part of the brainstem that controls functions like breathing, swallowing, speaking, and eye movements). This trial has two parts. The only difference in treatment between the two parts is that some subjects treated in Part 1 may receive a different dose of selinexor than the subjects treated in Part 2. In Part 1 (also called the Dose-Finding Phase), investigators want to determine the dose of selinexor that can be given without causing side effects that are too severe. This dose is called the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). In Part 2 (also called the Efficacy Phase), investigators want to find out how effective the MTD of selinexor is against HGG or DIPG. Selinexor blocks a protein called CRM1, which may help keep cancer cells from growing and may kill them. It is a type of small molecule inhibitor called selective inhibitors of nuclear export (SINE). Radiation therapy uses high energy to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. The combination of selinexor and radiation therapy may be effective in treating patients with newly-diagnosed DIPG and H3 K27M-Mutant HGG.

Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu

Ashley Bui
183141
All
12 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT05099003
STU-2022-0552
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Inclusion Criteria:

• PRE ENROLLMENT: Patients must be =< 25 years of age at the time of enrollment on APEC14B1 part A cnetral nervous system (CNS)/high grade glioma (HGG) pre-enrollment eligibility screening
• Please note:
• This required age range applies to pre-enrollment eligibility for all HGG patients. Individual treatment protocols may have different age criteria.
• Non-DIPG patients with tumors that do not harbor an H3K27M-mutation and are >= 18 years of age will not be eligible to enroll on ACNS1821 (Step 1).
• PRE ENROLLMENT: Patient is suspected of having localized, newly diagnosed HGG, excluding metastatic disease, OR patient has an institutional diagnosis of DIPG
• Please note: there are specific radiographic criteria for DIPG patient enrollment on ACNS1821 (Step 1)
• PRE ENROLLMENT:
• For patients with non-pontine tumors: Patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must have signed informed consent for eligibility screening on APEC14B1 Part A.
• For patients with DIPG: Patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must have signed informed consent for ACNS1821.
• PRE ENROLLMENT:
• For patients with non-pontine tumors only, the specimens obtained at the time of diagnostic biopsy or surgery must be submitted through APEC14B1 ASAP, preferably within 5 calendar days of definitive surgery
• STEP 1: Patients must be >= 12 months and =< 21 years of age at the time of enrollment
• STEP 1: Patients must have newly-diagnosed DIPG or HGG (including DMG).
• STEP 1: Stratum DIPG
• Patients with newly-diagnosed typical DIPG, defined as tumors with a pontine epicenter and diffuse involvement of at least 2/3 of the pons on at least 1 axial T2 weighted image, are eligible. No histologic confirmation is required.
• Patients with pontine tumors that do not meet radiographic criteria for typical DIPG (e.g., focal tumors or those involving less than 2/3 of the pontine cross-sectional area with or without extrapontine extension) are eligible if the tumors are biopsied and proven to be high-grade gliomas (such as anaplastic astrocytoma, glioblastoma, high-grade glioma not otherwise specified [NOS], and/or H3 K27M-mutant) by institutional diagnosis.
• STEP 1: Stratum DMG (with H3 K27M mutation)
• Patients must have newly-diagnosed non-pontine H3 K27M-mutant HGG without BRAF V600 or IDH1 mutations as confirmed by Rapid Central Pathology and Molecular Screening Reviews performed on APEC14B1
• Note: Patients need not have either measurable or evaluable disease, i.e., DMG patients may have complete resection of their tumor prior to enrollment. Primary spinal tumors are eligible for enrollment. For rare H3 K27M-mutant HGG in non-midline structures (e.g., cerebral hemispheres), these patients will be considered part of Stratum DMG.
• STEP 1: Stratum HGG (without H3 K27M mutation)
• Patients must have newly-diagnosed non-pontine H3 K27M-wild type HGG without BRAF V600 or IDH1 mutations as confirmed by Rapid Central Pathology and Molecular Screening Reviews performed on APEC14B1
• Please note:
• Patients who fall in this category and who are >= 18 years of age are not eligible due to another standard-of-care regimen (radiation/temozolomide) that is available
• Patients need not have either measurable or evaluable disease, i.e., HGG patients may have complete resection of their tumor prior to enrollment. Primary spinal tumors are eligible for enrollment
• STEP 1: Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1 or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =<16 years of age. Patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score.
• STEP 1: Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/uL (within 7 days prior to step 1 enrollment)
• STEP 1: Platelet count >= 100,000/uL (transfusion independent) (within 7 days prior to step 1 enrollment)
• STEP 1: Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions) (within 7 days prior to step 1 enrollment)
• STEP 1: Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (within 7 days prior to step 1 enrollment) or A serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (within 7 days prior to step 1 enrollment):
• Age / Maximum Serum Creatinine (mg/dL)
• 1 to < 2 years / male: 0.6; female: 0.6
• 2 to < 6 years / male: 0.8; female: 0.8
• 6 to < 10 years / male: 1; female: 1
• 10 to < 13 years / male: 1.2; female: 1.2
• 13 to < 16 years / male: 1.5; female: 1.4
• >= 16 years / male: 1.7; female: 1.4
• STEP 1: Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• STEP 1: Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L. For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L.
• STEP 1: Serum amylase =< 1.5 x ULN
• STEP 1: Serum lipase =< 1.5 x ULN
• STEP 1: No evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance, and a pulse oximetry > 94% if there is clinical indication for determination.
• STEP 1: Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on anticonvulsants and well controlled.
• STEP 1: Patients must be enrolled and protocol therapy must begin no later than 31 days after the date of radiographic diagnosis (in the case of non-biopsied DIPG patients only) or definitive surgery, whichever is the later date (Day 0). For patients who have a biopsy followed by resection, the date of resection will be considered the date of definitive diagnostic surgery. If a biopsy only was performed, the biopsy date will be considered the date of definitive diagnostic surgery.
Exclusion Criteria:

• STEP 1: Patients must not have received any prior therapy for their central nervous system (CNS) malignancy except for surgery and steroid medications.
• STEP 1: Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible.
• STEP 1: Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible.
• STEP 1: Patients >=18 years of age who have H3 K27M-wild type HGG.
• STEP 1: Patients who have an uncontrolled infection.
• STEP 1: Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation.
• STEP 1: Patients with grade > 1 extrapyramidal movement disorder.
• STEP 1: Patients with known macular degeneration, uncontrolled glaucoma, or cataracts.
• STEP 1: Patients with metastatic disease are not eligible; MRI of spine with and without contrast must be performed if metastatic disease is suspected by the treating physician.
• STEP 1: Patients with gliomatosis cerebri type 1 or 2 are not eligible, with the exception of H3 K27M-mutant bithalamic tumors.
• STEP 1: Patients who are not able to receive protocol specified radiation therapy.
• STEP 1:
• Female patients who are pregnant are ineligible since there is yet no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities.
• Lactating females are not eligible unless they have agreed not to breastfeed their infants. It is not known whether selinexor is excreted in human milk.
• Female patients of childbearing potential are not eligible unless a negative pregnancy test result has been obtained.
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential are not eligible unless they have agreed to use two effective methods of birth control (including a medically accepted barrier method of contraception, e.g., male or female condom) for the duration of their study participation and for 90 days after the last dose of selinexor. Abstinence is an acceptable method of birth control.
Procedure: Biopsy, Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Radiation: Radiation Therapy, Drug: Selinexor
Glioblastoma, Malignant Glioma, Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma, Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Not Otherwise Specified, Diffuse Midline Glioma, H3 K27M-Mutant, Glioblastoma, Not Otherwise Specified
Children’s Health
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Testing the Addition of the Chemotherapy Drug Lomustine (Gleostine®) to the Usual Treatment (Temozolomide and Radiation Therapy) for Newly Diagnosed MGMT Methylated Glioblastoma

This phase III trial compares the effect of adding lomustine to temozolomide and radiation therapy versus temozolomide and radiation therapy alone in shrinking or stabilizing newly diagnosed MGMT methylated glioblastoma. Chemotherapy drugs, such as lomustine and temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy photons to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Adding lomustine to usual treatment of temozolomide and radiation therapy may help shrink and stabilize glioblastoma.

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Nawal Shaikh
215214
All
18 Years to 70 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT05095376
STU-2022-0465
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Inclusion Criteria:

• STEP 1 REGISTRATION: No known IDH mutation. (If tested before step 1 registration, patients known to have IDH mutation in the tumor on local or other testing are ineligible and should not be registered)
• STEP 1 REGISTRATION: Availability of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue block and hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained slide to be sent for central pathology review for confirmation of histology and MGMT promoter methylation status. Note that tissue for central pathology review and central MGMT assessment must be received by the NYU Center for Biospecimen Research and Development (CBRD) on or before postoperative calendar day 30. If tissue cannot be received by postoperative calendar day 30, then patients may NOT enroll on this trial as central pathology review will not be complete in time for the patient to start treatment no later than 8 weeks following surgery. Results of central pathology review and central MGMT analysis will generally be conveyed to NRG Oncology within 10 business days of receipt of tissue. Note: In the event of an additional tumor resection(s), tissue must be received within 30 days of the most recent resection and the latest resection must have been performed within 30 days after the initial resection. Surgical resection is required; stereotactic biopsy alone is not allowed because it will not provide sufficient tissue for MGMT analysis
• STEP 1 REGISTRATION: Contrast-enhanced brain MRI after surgery
• STEP 1 REGISTRATION: Willing to use highly effective method of contraception for participants of childbearing potential (participants who may become pregnant or who may impregnate a partner) during therapy and for 6 months after completing treatment; this inclusion is necessary because the treatment in this study may be significantly teratogenic
• STEP 1 REGISTRATION: The patient or a legally authorized representative must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry and, for patients treated in the United States (U.S.), authorization permitting release of personal health information
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Histopathologically proven diagnosis of glioblastoma (or gliosarcoma as a subtype of glioblastoma) confirmed by central pathology review
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: MGMT promoter with methylation confirmed by central pathology review (See Section 10 for details). Note: Patients with tissue that is insufficient or inadequate for analysis, fails MGMT testing, or has indeterminate or unmethylated MGMT promoter are excluded.
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: IDH mutation testing by at least one method (such as immunohistochemistry for IDH1 R132H) must be performed as part of standard of care and no mutation must be found (i.e IDH wildtype). (If a mutation is identified then the patient will be ineligible and must be registered as ineligible at Step 2.)
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: History/physical examination within 28 days prior to Step 2 registration
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Karnofsky performance status (KPS) >= 70 within 28 days prior to Step 2 registration
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Neurologic function assessment within 28 days prior to Step 2 registration
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Age 18-70 years Adequate hematologic, renal, and hepatic function within 14 days prior to STEP 2 REGISTRATION defined as follows:
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dl (Note: the use of transfusion or other intervention to achieve hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 10.0 g/dl is acceptable)
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Leukocytes >= 2,000/mm^3
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mm^3
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional/lab upper limit of normal (ULN)
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) =< 2.5 x ULN
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x ULN
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN OR creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 50 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated
• Note: Known positive test for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) indicating acute or chronic infection would make the patient ineligible unless the viral load becomes undetectable on suppressive therapy. Patients who are immune to hepatitis B (anti-hepatitis B surface antibody positive) are eligible (e.g. patients immunized against hepatitis B)
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: For patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
• Note: Known positive test for hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV ribonucleic acid [RNA]) indicating acute or chronic infection would make the patient ineligible unless the viral load becomes undetectable on suppressive therapy
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months prior to step 2 registration are eligible for this trial. Testing is not required for entry into protocol
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Negative serum or urine pregnancy test (in persons of childbearing potential) within 14 days prior to Step 2 registration
• Childbearing potential is defined as any person who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy) or who is not postmenopausal
Exclusion Criteria:

• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Prior therapy for tumor, except for resection or prior laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT). For example, prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or targeted therapy for GBM or lower grade glioma is disallowed (including but not limited to temozolomide, lomustine, bevacizumab, any viral therapy, ipilimumab or other CTLA-4 antibody, PD-1 antibody, CD-137 agonist, CD40 antibody, PDL-1 or 2 antibody, vaccine therapy, polio or similar viral injection as treatment for the tumor, and/or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or immune checkpoint pathways) as is Gliadel wafer, radiotherapy, radiosurgery, vaccine or other immunotherapy, brachytherapy, or convection enhanced delivery
• Note: 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-mediated fluorescent guided resection (FGR) photodynamic therapy (PDT) or fluorescein administered prior to/during surgery to aid resection is not exclusionary and is not considered a chemotherapy or intracerebral agent. Prior laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) is allowed.
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Current or planned treatment with any other investigational agents for the study cancer
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease outside the brain
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer, cervical cancer in situ and melanoma in situ) unless disease free for a minimum of 2 years
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Prior radiotherapy to the head or neck that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Pregnancy and individuals unwilling to discontinue nursing due to the potential teratogenic effects and potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to temozolomide or lomustine
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: History of pulmonary fibrosis
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:
• Ongoing or active infection requiring IV antibiotics, IV antiviral, or IV antifungal treatment
• Symptomatic congestive heart failure, defined as New York Heart Association Functional Classification III/IV (Note: Patients with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, should have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association Functional Classification)
• Unstable angina pectoris within 6 months prior to Step 2 registration
• Uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia
• Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: No evidence of diffuse leptomeningeal disease that requires whole brain irradiation.
Drug: Lomustine, Radiation: Photon Beam Radiation Therapy, Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Other: Questionnaire Administration, Drug: Temozolomide
Glioblastoma, Gliosarcoma, Brain and Nervous System
UT Southwestern; Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Olanzapine Versus Megestrol Acetate for the Treatment of Loss of Appetite Among Advanced Cancer Patients

This phase III trial compares the effects of olanzapine versus megestrol acetate in treating loss of appetite in patients with cancer that has spread to other places in the body (advanced). Olanzapine may stimulate and increase appetite. This study aims to find out if olanzapine is better than the usual approach (megestrol acetate) for stimulating appetite and preventing weight loss.

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Namrata Peswani
193600
All
18 Years and over
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04939090
STU-2021-1170
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Women and men of reproductive potential should agree to use an appropriate method of birth control throughout their participation in this study due to the teratogenic potential of the therapy utilized in this trial. Appropriate methods of birth control include abstinence, oral contraceptives, implantable hormonal contraceptives or double barrier method (diaphragm plus condom)
• Diagnosis of advanced cancer
• Patient-reported 2-month weight loss of at least 5 pounds (2.3 kilograms) and/or physician-estimated caloric intake of less than 20 calories/kilogram of body weight per day
• The patient must perceive loss of appetite and/or weight as a problem; and have an appetite score of 4 or worse on the "Please rate your appetite…." question that requires a patient response on a 0-10 numeric rating scale
• Not receiving ongoing tube feedings or parenteral nutrition at the time of registration
• Not currently using systemic adrenal steroids (with the exception of short-term dexamethasone within 3 days of chemotherapy for control of chemotherapy side effects)
• No use of androgens, progesterone analogs, or other appetite stimulants within the past month
• Patient should not have poorly controlled hypertension or congestive heart failure at registration
• Patient should not have an obstruction of the alimentary canal, malabsorption, or intractable vomiting (defined as vomiting more than 3 times per day over the preceding week)
• Not currently using olanzapine for another medical condition or had previously used olanzapine for chronic nausea or for any pre-existing psychotic disorder
• Patient should not have had a previous blood clot at any time in the past
• No history of poorly controlled diabetes
• No symptomatic leptomeningeal disease or known brain metastases as these patients may have difficulty taking oral medications
• No history of hypersensitivity to olanzapine or megestrol acetate
• No COVID-19 infection in the past that, in the opinion of the treating physician, had left patients with compromised taste, which has not resolved at the time of registration
• Not pregnant and not nursing, because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown. Therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative urine or serum pregnancy test done =< 14 days prior to registration is required
• Age >= 18 years
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1 or 2
• Estimated life expectancy of 3 months or longer
• Serum creatinine =< 2.0 mg/dL
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
• Fasting glucose < 140 mg/dL
• Granulocytes > 1000/hpf
• No treatment with another antipsychotic agent, such as risperidone, quetiapine, clozapine, butyrophenone within 30 days of enrollment
• In order to complete the mandatory patient-completed measures, participants must be able to speak and/or read English or Spanish. Sites seeking to enroll Spanish-speaking patients should have access to Spanish speaking staff on site or through the use of a translation service to be able to conduct the informed consent discussion in Spanish, and to conduct the weekly phone calls
Exclusion Criteria:

• Psychiatric illness which would prevent the patient from giving informed consent
• Medical condition such as uncontrolled infection (including human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]), uncontrolled diabetes mellitus or cardiac disease which, in the opinion of the treating physician, would make this protocol unreasonably hazardous for the patient
• Patients who cannot swallow oral formulations of the agents
• Patients with impaired decision-making capacity (such as with a diagnosis of dementia or memory loss) are not eligible for this study
• No presence of a hormone-sensitive tumor, such as breast, endometrial, or prostate cancer (this exclusion criterion is intended to circumvent any confounding antineoplastic effects of megestrol acetate)
Drug: Olanzapine, Drug: Megestrol Acetate, Other: Questionnaire Administration
Lymphoma, Sarcoma, Anorexia, Multiple Myeloma, Mycosis Fungoides, Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Cell Neoplasm, Brain and Nervous System, Other, Eye and Orbit, Anklylosing Spondylitis, Anus, Bones and Joints, Breast - Female, Breast - Male, Carcinoid Tumor, Cardiovascular, Cervix, Colon, Corpus Uteri, Ear, Esophagus, Gall Bladder, Head and Neck, Kidney, Larynx, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Liver, Lung/Thoracic, Melanoma, skin, Nose, Other Digestive Organ, Other Endocrine System, Other Female Genital, Other Male Genital, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Other Skin, Other Urinary, Ovary, Pancreas, Prostate, Rectum, Stomach, Throat, Thyroid, Urinary Bladder, Uterine (Endometrial), Vulva, Leukemia, Other, Hodgkins Lymphoma, Heart, Kaposis sarcoma, Leukemia, Not Otherwise Specified, Lymphoid Leukemia, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma, Other Hematopoietic, Psychiatric Disorders, Small Intestine, Soft Tissue, Unknown Sites, Ill - Defined Sites
UT Southwestern
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A Study to See if Memantine Protects the Brain During Radiation Therapy Treatment for Primary Central Nervous System Tumors

This phase III trial compares memantine to usual treatment in treating patients with primary central nervous system tumors. Memantine may block receptors (parts of nerve cells) in the brain known to contribute to a decline in cognitive function. Giving memantine may make a difference in cognitive function (attention, memory, or other thought processes) in children and adolescents receiving brain radiation therapy to treat a primary central nervous system tumors.

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Daniel Bowers
10760
All
4 Years to 17 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04939597
STU-2021-1206
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Inclusion Criteria:

• >= 4 and < 18 years at time of study entry
• Patients must weigh 15 kg or greater at time of study entry
• Primary central nervous system tumors that have not received prior cranial radiotherapy
• Planned focal, cranial or craniospinal radiation treatment for a primary central nervous system tumor
• The patient must have receptive and expressive language skills in English, French or Spanish since the neurocognitive function and quality of life (QOL) assessment instruments are available in these languages only
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• Age: 4 to < 6 years; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): 0.8 male; 0.8 female
• Age: 6 to < 10 years; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): 1 male; 1 female
• Age: 10 to < 13 years; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): 1.2 male; 1.2 female
• Age: 13 to < 16 years; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): 1.5 male; 1.4 female
• Age: >= 16 years; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): 1.7 male; 1.4 female
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L
• Note: For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT (ALT) has been set to the value of 45 U/L
• The patient must be able to undergo magnetic resonance imaging
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Exclusion Criteria:

• Life expectancy of less than 18 months
• Pre-existing conditions:
• Any contraindication or allergy to study drug (memantine or placebo)
• Intractable seizures while on adequate anticonvulsant therapy, defined as more than one seizure per month for the past 2 months or since initiating anticonvulsant therapy
• History of neurodevelopmental disorder such as Down syndrome, Fragile X, William's Syndrome, intellectual disability (presumed intelligence quotient [IQ] < 70), etc
• Co-morbid systemic illnesses, psychiatric conditions, social situations, or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens or would limit compliance with the study requirements
• Patients with a motor, visual, or auditory condition that precludes participation in computerized neurocognitive assessments
• Patients with any medical condition or taking medications that lead to alterations of urine pH towards the alkaline condition (e.g., renal tubular acidosis, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, sodium bicarbonate)
• Personal history of prior cranial or craniospinal radiotherapy is not allowed
• Note: Prior anti-cancer therapy including surgery, chemotherapy, targeted agents are allowed as per standard of care clinical treatment guidelines
• Female patients who are pregnant are excluded since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for the study drug. A pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who do not agree to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
Procedure: Biospecimen Collection, Procedure: Cognitive Assessment, Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Drug: Memantine Hydrochloride, Drug: Placebo Administration, Other: Questionnaire Administration
Brain and Nervous System, Central Nervous System Carcinoma
Children’s Health
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CBL0137 for the Treatment of Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors, Including CNS Tumors and Lymphoma

This phase I/II trial evaluates the best dose, side effects and possible benefit of CBL0137 in treating patients with solid tumors, including central nervous system (CNS) tumors or lymphoma that has come back (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Drugs, such as CBL0137, block signals passed from one molecule to another inside a cell. Blocking these signals can affect many functions of the cell, including cell division and cell death, and may kill cancer cells.

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Laura Klesse
13954
All
12 Months to 30 Years old
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04870944
STU-2023-0600
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Parts A and B1: Patients must be >= 12 months and =< 21 years of age at the time of study enrollment
• Part B2 (relapsed/refractory osteosarcoma): Patients must be >= 12 months and =< 30 years of age at the time of study enrollment
• Patients must have had histologic verification of malignancy at original diagnosis or relapse, except in patients with diffuse intrinsic brain stem tumors, or patients with pineal tumors and elevations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or serum tumor markers, including alpha-fetoprotein or beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
• Part A: Patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumors or lymphoma, including patients with CNS tumors or known CNS metastases (including untreated or progressive) are eligible
• Part B1: Patients with progressive or recurrent DIPG (diagnosed by biopsy or imaging characteristics) and other H3 K27M-mutant diffuse midline gliomas previously treated with radiation therapy
• Part B2: Patients with relapsed or refractory osteosarcoma
• Part A: Patients must have either measurable or evaluable disease
• Part B1 and B2: Patients must have measurable disease
• Patient's current disease state must be one for which there is no known curative therapy or therapy proven to prolong survival with an acceptable quality of life
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Easter Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1 or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age. Patients must have a Karnofsky or Lansky score >= 50%
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anti-cancer directed therapy prior to enrollment. If after the required timeframe, the numerical eligibility criteria are met, e.g., blood count criteria, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anti-cancer agents known to be myelosuppressive
• Solid tumor patients: >= 21 days after the last dose of myelosuppressive chemotherapy (42 days if prior nitrosourea)
• Anti-cancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (eg, not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil count [ANC] counts): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1
• Corticosteroids: If used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid. Patients with CNS tumors receiving corticosteroids must have been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment
• Hematopoietic growth factors: >= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g., pegfilgrastim) or 7 days for short acting growth factor. For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur
• Interleukins, interferons and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): >= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors)
• Stem cell Infusions (with or without total body irradiation [TBI]):
• Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem cell infusion including donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or boost infusion: >= 84 days after infusion and no evidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD)
• Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: >= 30 days
• Cellular therapy: >= 42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (e.g., modified T cells, natural killer [NK] cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
• Radiation therapy [XRT]/external beam irradiation including protons: >= 14 days after local XRT; >= 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to >= 50% of the pelvis; >= 42 days if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation
• Radiopharmaceutical therapy (e.g., radiolabeled antibody, I-131 metaiodobenzylguanidine [131I MIBG]): >= 42 days after systemically administered radiopharmaceutical therapy
• Patients must not have received prior exposure to CBL0137
• For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement:
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/uL (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment unless otherwise indicated)
• Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study provided they meet the blood counts (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions). These patients will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity. At least 5 of every cohort of 6 patients must be evaluable for hematologic toxicity for the dose-escalation part of the study. If dose-limiting hematologic toxicity is observed, all subsequent patients enrolled must be evaluable for hematologic toxicity
• For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement:
• Platelet count >= 100,000/uL (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment) (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment unless otherwise indicated)
• Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study provided they meet the blood counts (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions). These patients will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity. At least 5 of every cohort of 6 patients must be evaluable for hematologic toxicity for the dose-escalation part of the study. If dose-limiting hematologic toxicity is observed, all subsequent patients enrolled must be evaluable for hematologic toxicity
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a creatinine based on age/gender as follows (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment unless otherwise indicated):
• Age: Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL)
• 1 to < 2 years: 0.6 (male); 0.6 (female)
• 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 (male); 0.8 (female)
• 6 to < 10 years: 1 (male); 1 (female)
• 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 (male); 1.2 (female)
• 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 (male); 1.4 (female)
• >= 16 years: 1.7 (male); 1.4 (female)
• Patients with solid tumors:
• Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated or total) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment unless otherwise indicated)
• Patients with solid tumors:
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L. For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment unless otherwise indicated)
• Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment unless otherwise indicated)
• Ejection fraction of >= 50% by gated radionuclide study (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment unless otherwise indicated)
• Corrected QT (QTC) < 480 msec (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment unless otherwise indicated)
• Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if seizures well controlled without the use of enzyme-inducing anti-convulsant agents. Well controlled is defined by no increase in seizure frequency in the prior 7 days
• Nervous system disorders (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version [v]5) resulting from prior therapy must be =< grade 2, with the exception of decreased tendon reflex (DTR). Any grade of DTR is eligible
• Patients have consented to receive a central venous catheter prior to the administration of CBL0137. A central line is required for CBL0137 administration
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events as seen in animal/human studies, OR because there is yet no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities. Pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal. Males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use two effective methods of birth control, including a medically accepted barrier or contraceptive method (e.g., male or female condom) for the duration of the study. Abstinence is an acceptable method of birth control
• Patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment are not eligible. If used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible
• Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible (except leukemia patients receiving hydroxyurea, which may be continued until 24 hours prior to start of protocol therapy)
• Patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible for this trial
• Patients who are receiving drugs that are strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4, CYP2B6 (e.g., carbamazepine) and CYP1A2 (e.g., ciprofloxacin, enoxacin, fluvoxamine, smoking) are not eligible. These agents are to be avoided for 7 days prior to the start of CBL0137 and for the duration of the protocol therapy. Sensitive substrates of CYP2D6 (e.g., atomoxetine, desipramine, dextromethorphan, eliglustat, nebivolol, nortriptyline, perphenazine, tolterodine, R-venlafaxine) should also be avoided for the duration protocol therapy
• Patients who are receiving drugs associated with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes (TdP) are not eligible. Drugs associated with known risk of Torsades de Pointes (TdP) are to be avoided for 7 days prior to the start of CBL0137 and for duration of the protocol therapy
• Patients with known peripheral vascular disease are excluded
• Patients with a history of pro-thrombotic disorder are not eligible
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
• Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation are not eligible
• Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible
Procedure: Biospecimen Collection, Procedure: Bone Marrow Aspirate, Procedure: Bone Marrow Biopsy, Procedure: Echocardiography, Drug: FACT Complex-targeting Curaxin CBL0137
Lymphoma, Recurrent Osteosarcoma, Recurrent Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Recurrent Lymphoma, Refractory Lymphoma, Refractory Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Refractory Osteosarcoma, Recurrent Primary Malignant Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Refractory Primary Malignant Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Brain and Nervous System, Bones and Joints, Diffuse Midline Glioma, H3 K27M-Mutant, Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm in the Central Nervous System, Recurrent Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma
Children’s Health
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A Study to Evaluate DAY101 in Pediatric and Young Adult Patients With Relapsed or Progressive Low-Grade Glioma and Advance Solid Tumors (FIREFLY-1)

FIREFLY-1 is a Phase 2, multi center, open-label study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral pan-RAF inhibitor DAY101 in pediatric, adolescent, and young adult patients with recurrent or progressive low-grade glioma or an advanced solid tumor harboring a known BRAF alteration.

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Daniel Bowers
10760
All
6 Months to 25 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04775485
STU-2022-0878
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Age 6 months to 25 years with:
• Arms 1 & 2: a relapsed or progressive LGG with documented known activating BRAF alteration
• Arm 3: locally advanced or metastatic solid tumor with documented known or expected to be activating RAF fusion
• Confirmation of histopathologic diagnosis of LGG and molecular diagnosis of activating BRAF alteration
• Must have received at least one line of systemic therapy and have evidence of radiographic progression
• Must have at least 1 measurable lesion as defined by RANO (Arms 1 & 2) or RECIST v1.1 (Arm 3) criteria
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patient's tumor has additional previously-known activating molecular alterations
• Patient has symptoms of clinical progression in the absence of radiographic progression
• Known or suspected diagnosis of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1)
• Other inclusion/exclusion criteria as stipulated by protocol may apply
Drug: DAY101
Advanced Solid Tumor, Brain and Nervous System, Low-grade Glioma
Children’s Health
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A Study of Avapritinib in Pediatric Patients With Solid Tumors Dependent on KIT or PDGFRA Signaling

This is a Phase 1/2, multicenter, open-label trial of avapritinib in participants 2 to < 18 years of age with advanced relapsed/refractory (R/R) solid tumors, including central nervous system (CNS) tumors, that harbor a PDGFRA and/or KIT mutation (including non-synonymous point mutations, insertions, and deletions) or amplification, or DMG-H3K27a who have no available curative treatment options. This is a single-arm trial in which all participants will receive avapritinib. The study consists of 2 parts: dose confirmation, safety, and PK (Part 1) and initial efficacy, safety, and PK at the Part 2 recommended dose (Part 2).

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Ashley Bui
183141
All
2 Years to 17 Years old
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04773782
STU-2021-0904
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Inclusion Criteria
• Participant must be 2 to < 18 years of age at the time of signing the informed consent.
• Diagnosis
• Participant has confirmed diagnosis of R/R solid tumor, including CNS tumors, with a mutation (including non-synonymous point mutations, insertions, and deletions) in PDGFRA and/or KIT (confirmed by local mutational testing of tumor sample) that has progressed despite standard therapy and no alternative treatment option is available. Participant with R/R solid tumors with only PDGFRA and/or KIT amplifications may be included with approval from the Sponsor. OR
• Participant has confirmed diagnosis of DMG-H3K27a (confirmed by local testing of tumor sample) that has failed standard therapy or for which no standard therapy that may convey clinical benefit exists, as judged by the investigator.
• Participants with CNS disease should be on a stable (≤ 10% change) or decreasing dose of corticosteroids for at least 7 days prior to first dose of avapritinib, with no plans for dose escalation.
• Disease extent: a. Part 1: All participants must have at least 1 measurable lesion as defined by RECIST v1.1 or Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) (for CNS tumors). If radiation therapy has been administered, at least 1 measurable lesion must not have been irradiated, or must have clearly progressed since being irradiated as per RANO and must be ≥ 12 weeks from radiation to any target lesion. b. Part 2: All participants must have at least 1 measurable lesion as defined by RECIST v1.1 or RANO (for CNS tumors). For Participants with DMG-H3K27a or PDGFRA and/or KIT mutant/amplified solid tumors, including CNS tumors that have progressed despite prior therapy, who have received radiation therapy, at least 1 measurable lesion must not have been irradiated, or must have clearly progressed since being irradiated as per RANO and must be ≥ 12 weeks from radiation to any target lesion. For up to 5 Participants with newly diagnosed DMG-H3K27a where there is no standard therapy that may convey clinical benefit exists as judged by the investigator, progression of disease of a measurable lesion after irradiation is not required.
• A Lansky (< 16 years of age) or Karnofsky (≥ 16 years of age) score of at least 50. If the Participant is unable to walk due to paralysis, but is mobile in a wheelchair, the participant is considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing their performance status.
• Participant agrees to utilize contraception consistent with local regulations.
• Male participants: Are vasectomized, or agree to use condoms, as defined in Section 5.4.2, from the start of Screening until 6 weeks after the last dose of study treatment, or practice true abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the Participant, see Section 5.4.2), or have a female partner who is NOT of childbearing potential.
• Female participants: Agree to use effective contraception, as defined in Section
• 4.2, from the start of Screening until 6 weeks after the last dose of study treatment and have a male partner who uses a condom, or practice true abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the Participant), or have a male partner who is vasectomized with confirmed azoospermia.
• Participant can give written informed consent/assent before any study-specific Screening procedures (if feasible). Parental/legal guardian consent will be determined by local, regional, and/or national guidelines. Exclusion Criteria
• Participant has any of the following within 14 days before the first dose of study treatment:
• Platelet count < 75 × 10^9/L (< 100 × 10^9/L if a CNS tumor) with no platelet transfusion within 14 days prior to the measurement.
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1.0 × 10^9/L.
• Hemoglobin < 8.0 g/dL with no RBC transfusion ≤ 7 days prior to the measurement.
• AST or ALT > 3 × the ULN for age; except in Participants with tumor involvement of the liver who must not have AST and ALT > 5 × ULN for age.
• Total bilirubin > 1.5 × ULN for age; and in presence of Gilbert's syndrome, total bilirubin > 3 × ULN or direct bilirubin > 1.5 × ULN.
• Serum creatinine > 1.5 × ULN for age.
• International normalized ratio or prothrombin time (PT) > ULN (> 1.5 × ULN if on prophylactic reversible anticoagulants).
• Participant has a QTcF > 470 msec. Participant has a familial or personal history of prolonged QT syndrome or Torsades de pointes.
• Participant has clinically significant, uncontrolled cardiovascular disease including congestive heart failure Grade III or IV according to the New York Heart Association classification; myocardial infarction or unstable angina within the previous 6 months, uncontrolled hypertension (> 95th percentile for age), or clinically significant, uncontrolled arrhythmias, including bradyarrhythmias that may cause QT prolongation (eg, Type II second-degree heart block or third-degree heart block).
• Participant received the following systemic antineoplastic therapies:
• Temozolomide within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug
• Nitrosurea within 6 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug
• Any other systemic antineoplastic therapy (including experimental therapy) within 5 half-lives or 28 days prior to the first dose of study drug, whichever is shorter.
• Focal external beam radiotherapy, including stereotactic radiosurgery, within 6 weeks prior to the first dose of avapritinib to either target or nontarget lesions. Systemic radiopharmaceuticals, including nonstereotactic radiosurgery, within 2 weeks of the first dose of avapritinib (within 6 weeks for Participants with CNS tumors). Craniospinal irradiation within 6 weeks prior to the first dose of avapritinib.
• All AEs related to other antineoplastic therapies (eg, systemic antineoplastics, radiotherapy) must have resolved to Grade ≤ 1 (Grade ≤ 2 for peripheral neuropathy and/or ototoxicity) prior to the first dose of avapritinib.
• Participant has previously received treatment with avapritinib.
• Participant received autologous stem cell transplant following myeloablative therapy or chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapy within 3 months prior to the first dose of avapritinib or prior allogeneic stem cell transplant within 1 year and no evidence of Grade 1 or greater graft-versus-host disease and no immunosuppressants for graft-versus-host disease (steroids for primary malignancy being permitted). Participants who received stem cell reinfusion following nonmyeloablative therapy are eligible once they meet the peripheral blood count criteria in Exclusion Criterion #1.
• Participant requires ongoing treatment or has received treatment within 28 days before the start of avapritinib administration with drugs or foods that are strong CYP3A inhibitors or inducers.
• Participant has had a major surgical procedure within 14 days of the first dose of study treatment (procedures such as central venous catheter placement, tumor needle biopsy, and feeding tube placement are not considered major surgical procedures).
• Participant has a history of another primary malignancy that has been diagnosed or required therapy within 3 years before the first dose of avapritinib. The following prior malignancies are not exclusionary: completely resected basal cell and squamous cell skin cancer, curatively treated localized prostate cancer, and completely resected carcinoma in situ of any site.
• Female subjects of childbearing potential who are unwilling, if not postmenopausal or surgically sterile, to abstain from sexual intercourse or employ highly effective contraception from the time of informed consent and for at least 6 weeks after the last dose of study treatment. Male subjects who are unwilling, if not surgically sterile, to abstain from sexual intercourse or employ highly effective contraception from the time of informed consent and for at least 6 weeks after the last dose of study treatment.
• Participant is pregnant, as documented by a serum β-hCG pregnancy test consistent with pregnancy obtained at Screening and within 72 hours before the first dose of study treatment. Participants with β-hCG values that are within the range for pregnancy but are not pregnant (false-positives) may be enrolled with written consent of the Sponsor after pregnancy has been ruled out. Female subjects of nonchildbearing potential (premenarchal, bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, or hysterectomy) do not require a serum β-hCG test.
• Participant is breastfeeding.
• Participant has prior or ongoing clinically significant illness, medical condition, surgical history, physical finding, or laboratory abnormality that, in the Investigator's opinion, could affect the safety of the Participant; alter the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of the study drug; or impair the assessment of study results.
• History of thrombosis requiring treatment within the past 6 months. This exclusion does not apply to catheter-related thrombosis if the catheter has been removed and did not require any other treatment in the previous 3 months.
• Participants who require anticoagulants, with the exception of stable doses of prophylactic reversible anticoagulants.
• Participants who are unable to swallow tablets (in Part 1) or minitablets (in Part 2) within the sprinkle capsules.
• Participants with a known risk of intracranial bleeding, such as a brain aneurysm that has not been removed or repaired, or a history of intracranial bleeding within the past year, or radiographic evidence of hemorrhage on Screening MRI. Exceptions are: Participants with primary CNS tumors (provided they have not had CNS bleeding within 2 weeks of the first dose of avapritinib) or Participants with punctate hemorrhages < 3 mm.
• History of a seizure disorder that is not well controlled on current antiepileptic medications.
• Participant is unwilling or unable to comply with scheduled visits, treatment administration plan, laboratory tests, or other study procedures and study restrictions.
Drug: avapritinib
Sarcoma, Brain and Nervous System, Solid Tumor, Unspecified, Child, Relapsed Solid Neoplasm, CNS Tumor
KIT, PDGFRA, Relapsed/Refractory Solid Tumor, Glioma, H3K27M, DMG-H3K27a
Children’s Health
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A Study of a New Way to Treat Children and Young Adults With a Brain Tumor Called NGGCT

This phase II trial studies the best approach to combine chemotherapy and radiation therapy (RT) based on the patient's response to induction chemotherapy in patients with non-germinomatous germ cell tumors (NGGCT) that have not spread to other parts of the brain or body (localized). This study has 2 goals: 1) optimizing radiation for patients who respond well to induction chemotherapy to diminish spinal cord relapses, 2) utilizing higher dose chemotherapy followed by conventional RT in patients who did not respond to induction chemotherapy. Chemotherapy drugs, such as carboplatin, etoposide, ifosfamide, and thiotepa, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays or high-energy protons to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Studies have shown that patients with newly-diagnosed localized NGGCT, whose disease responds well to chemotherapy before receiving radiation therapy, are more likely to be free of the disease for a longer time than are patients for whom the chemotherapy does not efficiently eliminate or reduce the size of the tumor. The purpose of this study is to see how well the tumors respond to induction chemotherapy to decide what treatment to give next. Some patients will be given RT to the spine and a portion of the brain. Others will be given high dose chemotherapy and a stem cell transplant before RT to the whole brain and spine. Giving treatment based on the response to induction chemotherapy may lower the side effects of radiation in some patients and adjust the therapy to a more efficient one for other patients with localized NGGCT.

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Daniel Bowers
10760
All
3 Years to 29 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04684368
STU-2021-0638
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must be >= 3 years and < 30 years at the time of study enrollment
• Patients must be newly diagnosed with localized primary CNS NGGCT of the suprasellar and/or pineal region by pathology and/or serum or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) elevation of AFP above institutional normal or > 10 ng/mL or human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) beta > 100 mIU/mL as confirmed by Rapid Central Marker Screening Review on APEC14B1-CNS. Suprasellar, pineal and bifocal tumors are included. (CSF tumor markers and cytology must be within 31 days prior to enrollment and start of protocol therapy [repeat if necessary]. Serum tumor markers, AFP and hCGbeta must be within 7 days prior to enrollment and start of protocol therapy [repeat if necessary]). Basal ganglia or other primary sites are excluded
• Patients with any of the following pathological elements are eligible: endodermal sinus (yolk sac), embryonal carcinoma, choriocarcinoma, malignant/immature teratoma and mixed germ cell tumor (GCT) (i.e., may include some pure germinoma) if malignant elements listed above are present. Patients with only mature teratoma are excluded. Patients with pure germinoma admixed with mature teratoma are excluded (would be eligible for pure germinoma protocols)
• Patients must have a cranial MRI with and without gadolinium at diagnosis/prior to enrollment. If surgical resection is performed, patients must have pre-operative and post operative brain MRI with and without gadolinium. The post operative brain MRI should be obtained within 72 hours of surgery. If patient has a biopsy only, post-operative brain MRI is recommended but not required (within 31 days prior to study enrollment and start of protocol therapy )
• Patients must have a spine MRI with gadolinium obtained at diagnosis/prior to enrollment. Spine MRI with and without gadolinium is recommended (within 31 days prior to study enrollment and start of protocol therapy)
• Lumbar CSF must be obtained prior to study enrollment unless medically contraindicated. If a patient undergoes surgery and lumbar CSF cytology cannot be obtained at the time of surgery, then it should be performed at least 10 days following surgery and prior to study enrollment. False positive cytology can occur within 10 days of surgery
• Patients must have RAPID CENTRAL TUMOR MARKER REVIEW CSF tumor markers obtained prior to enrollment unless medically contraindicated. Ventricular CSF obtained at the time of CSF diversion procedure (if performed) is acceptable for tumor markers but lumbar CSF is preferred. In case CSF diversion and biopsy/surgery are combined, CSF tumor markers should be collected first
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/uL (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Platelet count >= 100,000/uL (transfusion independent) (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions) (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• Age: Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL)
• 3 to < 6 years: 0.8 (male), 0.8 (female)
• 6 to < 10 years: 1 (male), 1 (female)
• 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 (male), 1.2 (female)
• 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 (male), 1.4 (female)
• >= 16 years: male (1.7), 1.4 (female)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Note: For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT (ALT) has been set to the value of 45 U/L
• Central nervous system function defined as:
• Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on anticonvulsants and well controlled
• Patients must not be in status epilepticus, coma or assisted ventilation prior to study enrollment
• Protocol therapy must begin within 31 calendar days of definitive surgery or clinical diagnosis, whichever is later. If a biopsy only was performed, the biopsy date will be considered the date of definitive surgery. For patients who have a biopsy or incomplete resection at diagnosis followed by additional surgery, the date of the last resection will be considered the date of definitive surgery.
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
• NEUROCOGNITIVE FUNCTION AND QUALITY OF LIFE ASSESSMENT:
• English-, Spanish-, or French- speaking
• Note: Patients who speak a language other than English, Spanish, or French will be allowed to participate in ACNS2021 but will not complete the neurocognitive and quality of life assessments
• No known history of neurodevelopmental disorder prior to diagnosis of NGGCT (e.g., Down syndrome, fragile X, William syndrome, intellectual disability). Patients with NF1 will be allowed to participate
• Additional eligibility criteria for the COG Standardized Neuropsychological Battery only: must be at a site that has a psychologist to administer the battery
• Note: If not eligible for the COG Standardized Battery, patients should still complete the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function, Second Edition (BRIEF-2), Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL), Adaptive Behavior Assessment System Third Edition (ABAS-3), and Behavior Assessment System for Children, Third Edition (BASC-3) questionnaires
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with tumors located outside the ventricles (i.e., basal ganglia, thalamus)
• Patients with only mature teratoma and non-elevated markers upon tumor sampling at diagnosis
• Patients who have received any prior tumor-directed therapy for their diagnosis of NGGCT other than surgical intervention and corticosteroids
• Patients with metastatic disease (i.e., MRI evaluation, lumbar CSF cytology or intraoperative evidence of dissemination)
• Female patients who are pregnant, since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs
• Note: Serum and urine pregnancy tests may be falsely positive due to HCGbeta-secreting germ cell tumors. Ensure the patient is not pregnant by institutional standards
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
Procedure: Biospecimen Collection, Drug: Carboplatin, Drug: Etoposide, Biological: Filgrastim, Drug: Ifosfamide, Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Drug: Mesna, Biological: Pegfilgrastim, Procedure: Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation, Other: Questionnaire Administration, Radiation: Radiation Therapy, Radiation: Radiation Therapy, Procedure: Second-Look Surgery, Drug: Thiotepa
Choriocarcinoma, Central Nervous System Nongerminomatous Germ Cell Tumor, Embryonal Carcinoma, Immature Teratoma, Malignant Teratoma, Mixed Germ Cell Tumor, Pineal Region Germ Cell Tumor, Pineal Region Immature Teratoma, Pineal Region Yolk Sac Tumor, Suprasellar Germ Cell Tumor
UT Southwestern; Children’s Health
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A Study to Compare Treatment With the Drug Selumetinib Alone Versus Selumetinib and Vinblastine in Patients With Recurrent or Progressive Low-Grade Glioma

This phase III trial investigates the best dose of vinblastine in combination with selumetinib and the benefit of adding vinblastine to selumetinib compared to selumetinib alone in treating children and young adults with low-grade glioma (a common type of brain cancer) that has come back after prior treatment (recurrent) or does not respond to therapy (progressive). Selumetinib is a drug that works by blocking a protein that lets tumor cells grow without stopping. Vinblastine blocks cell growth by stopping cell division and may kill cancer cells. Giving selumetinib in combination with vinblastine may work better than selumetinib alone in treating recurrent or progressive low-grade glioma.

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Daniel Bowers
10760
All
2 Years to 25 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04576117
STU-2021-0019
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Feasibility phase: patients must be >= 2 years and =< 21 years of age at the time of enrollment
• Efficacy phase: patients must be >= 2 years and =< 25 years of age at the time of enrollment
• All patients > 21 years of age at the time of enrollment must have had initial diagnosis of low-grade glioma by 21 years of age
• Patients must have a body surface area (BSA) of >= 0.5 m^2 at enrollment
• Patients must have eligibility confirmed by rapid central pathology and central molecular screening reviews performed on APEC14B1
• Non-neurofibromatosis type 1 (non-NF1), non-tuberous sclerosis complex (non-TSC) low-grade glioma (LGG) without a BRAFV600E or IDH1 mutation
• Patients must have progressive or recurrent LGG. Note: Biopsy may be at either initial diagnosis or recurrence
• Patients must have measurable disease, defined as having a two-dimensional measurable tumor volume of >= 1 cm^2
• Tumor size will be measured to include both solid and cystic components of the tumor (whether or not tumor is enhancing) + fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) signal
• Eligible histologies will include all tumors considered low-grade glioma or low-grade astrocytoma (World Health Organization [WHO] grade 1 and II) by the WHO Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System - 4th Edition Revised, with the exception of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma
• Patients with metastatic disease or multiple independent primary LGGs are eligible
• Patients must be progressive or recurrent after having been treated with at least one prior tumor-directed therapy before enrollment
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study
• Myelosuppressive chemotherapy: Must not have received within 2 weeks of entry onto this study (4 weeks if prior nitrosourea);
• Biologic (anti-neoplastic agent): At least 7 days since the completion of therapy with a biologic agent;
• Radiation therapy (RT): >= 2 weeks (wks) for local palliative RT (small port); >= 6 months must have elapsed if prior craniospinal RT or if >= 50% radiation of pelvis; >= 6 wks must have elapsed if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation;
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to =< grade 1;
• MEK inhibitor or vinblastine: Must not have received treatment with a MEK inhibitor or vinblastine within 6 months of study enrollment
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^ 2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 mg/dL (male) 0.8 mg/dL (female)
• 6 to < 10 years: 1 mg/dL (male) 1 mg/dL (female)
• 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 mg/dL (male) 1.2 mg/dL (female)
• 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 mg/dL (male) 1.4 mg/dL (female)
• >= 16 years: 1.7 mg/dL (male) 1.4 mg/dL (female)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (within 7 days prior to enrollment) (children with a diagnosis of Gilbert's syndrome will be allowed on study regardless of their total and indirect [unconjugated] bilirubin levels as long as their direct [conjugated] bilirubin is < 3.1 mg/dL)
• Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Note: For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT (ALT) has been set to the value of 45 U/L
• Albumin >= 2 g/L (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 53% (or institutional normal; if the LVEF result is given as a range of values, then the upper value of the range will be used) by echocardiogram (within 4 weeks prior to enrollment)
• Corrected QT interval (QTc interval) =< 450 msec by electrocardiogram (EKG) (within 4 weeks prior to enrollment)
• Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/uL (unsupported) (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Platelets >= 100,000/uL (unsupported) (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (may be supported) (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Patients with a known seizure disorder should be stable and should not have experienced a significant increase in seizure frequency within 2 weeks prior to enrollment
• Stable neurological examination for >= 1 week
• HYPERTENSION:
• Patients 2-17 years of age must have a blood pressure that is =< 95th percentile for age, height, and gender at the time of enrollment (with or without the use of anti-hypertensive medications);
• Patients >= 18 years of age must have a blood pressure =< 130/80 mmHg at the time of enrollment (with or without the use of anti-hypertensive medications)
• Note for patients of all ages: Adequate blood pressure can be achieved using medication for the treatment of hypertension
• All patients must have ophthalmology toxicity assessments performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• For all patients, an MRI of the brain (with orbital cuts for optic pathway tumors) and/or spine (depending on the site[s] of primary disease) with and without contrast must be performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• Note: If surgical resection or biopsy is performed at the time of progression or recurrence, a post-operative MRI is required
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
• Patients must have the ability to swallow whole capsules
Exclusion Criteria:

• Prior therapy with vinblastine and/or a MEK inhibitor is permitted, with the following exceptions:
• Patients must not have had progressive disease while on therapy with vinblastine or a MEK inhibitor;
• Patients must not have discontinued vinblastine or selumetinib due to toxicity
• Patients with a concurrent malignancy or history of treatment (other than surgery) for another tumor within the last year are ineligible
• Patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine tumors as seen on MRI (> 2/3 of pons involvement on imaging) are not eligible even if biopsy reveals grade I/II histology
• Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
• Patients must not have known hypersensitivity to selumetinib, vinblastine, or similar compounds
• CYP3A4 agents: Patients must not have received fluconazole or drugs that are strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 within 7 days prior to study enrollment
• Patients with any serious medical or psychiatric illness/condition, including substance use disorders or ophthalmological conditions, likely in the judgment of the investigator to interfere or limit compliance with study requirements/treatment
• Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, are not able to comply with the study procedures are not eligible
• PRE-EXISTING CONDITIONS (CARDIAC):
• Known genetic disorder that increases risk for coronary artery disease. Note: The presence of dyslipidemia in a family with a history of myocardial infarction is not in itself an exclusion unless there is a known genetic disorder documented;
• Symptomatic heart failure
• New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-IV prior or current cardiomyopathy
• Severe valvular heart disease
• History of atrial fibrillation
• PRE-EXISTING CONDITIONS (OPHTHALMOLOGIC CONDITIONS):
• Current or past history of central serous retinopathy
• Current or past history of retinal vein occlusion or retinal detachment
• Patients with uncontrolled glaucoma
• If checking pressure is clinically indicated, patients with intraocular pressure (IOP) > 22 mmHg or upper limit of normal (ULN) adjusted by age are not eligible
• Any multivitamin containing vitamin E must be stopped prior to study enrollment even if it contains less than 100% of the daily recommended dosing for vitamin E
• Surgery within 2 weeks prior to enrollment, with the exception of a surgical biopsy, placement of a vascular access device or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diverting procedure such as endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt
• Note: Patients must have healed from any prior surgery
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
• Female patients who are pregnant are not eligible since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs. A pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation and for 12 weeks after stopping study therapy are not eligible
• Note: Women of child-bearing potential and males with sexual partners who are pregnant or who could become pregnant (i.e., women of child-bearing potential) should use effective methods of contraception for the duration of the study and for 12 weeks after stopping study therapy to avoid pregnancy and/or potential adverse effects on the developing embryo
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Procedure: Biospecimen Collection, Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Other: Questionnaire Administration, Drug: Selumetinib Sulfate, Drug: Vinblastine Sulfate
Brain and Nervous System, Recurrent Low Grade Astrocytoma, Refractory Low Grade Astrocytoma, Refractory Low Grade Glioma, Recurrent WHO Grade 2 Glioma, Refractory WHO Grade 1 Glioma
Children’s Health
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A Study to Evaluate Tabelecleucel in Participants With Epstein-barr Virus-associated Diseases

The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of tabelecleucel in participants with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) associated diseases.

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Victor Aquino
10208
All
Not specified
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04554914
STU-2020-0614
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Diagnosis of EBV+ disorder
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status <= 3 for participants aged >= 16 years; Lansky score >= 20 for participants from >=1 year to < 16 years
• Adequate organ function test results, unless organ dysfunction is considered to be due to the underlying EBV-associated disease by the investigator Cohort-specific
Inclusion Criteria:

• For participants with PID LPD:
• R/R or newly diagnosed PID LPD for whom the standard first-line therapy is inappropriate, as determined by investigator. The LPD is confirmed by at least biopsy-proven EBV+ LPD or positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology with or without radiographically measurable intracranial disease with EBV detected in CSF.
• Participants with R/R disease must have had at least one prior line of systemic therapy and one of the following: radiographic disease progression per Lugano Classification (Cheson BD, et al. J Clin Oncol. 2014;27:3059) during or after treatment or failure to achieve a CR or partial response (PR) (defined by Lugano radiographic criteria) after standard first-line therapy
• Participant may have systemic disease only, systemic and CNS disease, or CNS disease only
• For participants with AID LPD:
• R/R or newly diagnosed AID LPD for whom the standard first line therapy is inappropriate, as determined by the investigator. The LPD is confirmed by at least biopsy-proven EBV+ LPD or positive CSF cytology, with or without radiographically measurable intracranial disease, with EBV detected in CSF.
• Participants with R/R disease must have had at least one prior line of systemic therapy and one of the following: radiographic disease progression per Lugano Classification during or after treatment or failure to achieve a CR or PR (defined by Lugano radiographic criteria) after standard first-line therapy
• Participant may have systemic disease only, systemic and CNS disease, or CNS disease only
• For participants with AID etiology or AID attributable to immunosenescence, objective laboratory evidence of immunodeficiency
• For participants with CNS PTLD:
• R/R or newly diagnosed EBV+ CNS PTLD for whom the standard first-line therapy is inappropriate, as determined by the investigator. The CNS PTLD is histologically confirmed by at least biopsy-proven EBV+ CNS PTLD or positive CSF cytology with or without radiographically measurable intracranial disease with EBV detected in CSF.
• Participants with R/R disease must have had at least one prior line of systemic therapy and one of the following: radiographic disease progression per Lugano Classification during or after treatment or failure to achieve a CR or PR (defined by Lugano radiographic criteria) after standard first-line therapy
• Participant may have systemic and CNS disease or CNS disease only
• For participants with EBV+ PTLD, including CD20-negative disease:
• Biopsy-proven EBV+ PTLD for whom standard first-line therapy (rituximab and/or chemotherapy) is inappropriate, as determined by the investigator
• Participants must have systemic disease measurable per Lugano Classification criteria, except when contraindicated or mandated by local practice, then MRI may be used
• For participants with sarcoma, including LMS, or smooth muscle tumors:
• EBV+ sarcoma or smooth muscle tumor with rapidly progressive disease defined as progressive disease per RECIST 1.1 criteria as documented radiographically within a 6-month interval prior to enrollment
• Participants with newly diagnosed EBV+ sarcoma for whom the standard first-line therapy is inappropriate, as determined by the investigator
• Biopsy-proven EBV+ sarcoma meeting one of the criteria's of pathologically confirmed EBV+ Leiomyosarcoma or EBV+ sarcoma or smooth muscle tumor
• Measurable disease using diagnostic CT and/or MRI following RECIST 1.1 criteria (Eisenhauer et al. 2009. Eur J Cancer 45[2]:228-247)
Exclusion Criteria:

• Currently active Burkitt, T-cell, natural killer/T-cell lymphoma/LPD, Hodgkin, plasmablastic, transformed lymphoma, active hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, or other malignancies requiring systemic therapy
• Serious known active infections, defined as ongoing uncontrolled adenovirus infection or infections requiring systemic therapy at the time of enrollment, or known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
• Suspected or confirmed Grade >= 2 acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) per the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) consensus grading system or extensive chronic GvHD per National Institutes of Health (NIH) consensus criteria at the time of the enrollment
• Need for vasopressor or ventilatory support at the time of enrollment
• Prior therapy (in order of increasing washout period) prior to enrollment as follows:
• Within 4 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) for any investigational product and/ or any chemotherapy (systemic or intrathecal), targeted small molecule therapy, or antibody/biologic therapy. Note: prior anti-CD20 antibody use is permitted within the washout period if a subsequent disease response assessment indicates disease progression
• Within 8 weeks: prior tabelecleucel (>8 weeks prior to enrollment) is permitted if response was obtained or if usual protocol-directed therapeutic options were not exhausted, for cellular therapies (chimeric antigen receptor therapies directed at T-cells or T-cell subsets, donor lymphocyte infusion, other CTLs or virus-specific T-cells); and/or therapies which could impact tabelecleucel function (anti-thymocyte globulin, alemtuzumab)
• Any prior treatment with EBV-CTLs with the exception of tabelecleucel as above
• Women who are breastfeeding or pregnant
• Unwilling to comply with protocol specified contraceptive/reproductive restrictions from enrollment through 90 days after the last treatment
• Ongoing need for daily steroids of > 0.5 mg/kg prednisone or glucocorticoid equivalent, ongoing methotrexate, or extracorporeal photopheresis (for participants with CNS disease, protocol-specified dexamethasone is permitted and concludes by the time of enrollment)
• Any conditions that may put the study outcomes at undue risk (life expectancy < 60 days or any life-threatening illness, medical condition, or organ system dysfunction)
• For participants with PID LPD or AID LPD: history of prior allogeneic HCT or solid organ transplant
• For participants with EBV+ PTLD: prior systemic therapy for PTLD
Biological: Tabelecleucel
Sarcoma, Leiomyosarcoma, Stem Cell Transplant Complications, Lymphoproliferative Disorders, Solid Organ Transplant Complications, Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplant, Brain and Nervous System, Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)-Associated Diseases, EBV+ Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disease (EBV+ PTLD), EBV+ Sarcomas, EBV+ Lymphoproliferative Disease With Primary Immunodeficiency (EBV+ PID LPD), EBV+ Lymphoproliferative Disease With Acquired (Non-congenital) Immunodeficiency (EBV+ AID LPD), EBV+ Posttransplant Lymphoproliferative Disease in Central Nervous System (EBV+ CNS PTLD)
Allogeneic, Off-The-Shelf T-cell Immunotherapy, Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV), Epstein-Barr Virus-specific Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (EBV-CTL), Solid Organ Transplant (SOT), Hematopoietic Cell Transplant (HCT), EBVision
Children’s Health
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Post-Surgical Stereotactic Radiotherapy (SRT) Versus GammaTile-ROADS (Radiation One and Done Study)

This trial will be a randomized controlled study comparing the efficacy and safety of intraoperative radiation therapy using GammaTilesTM (GT) versus SRT 3-4 weeks following metastatic tumor resection which is the current standard of care.

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Toral Patel
55706
All
18 Years and over
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04365374
STU-2020-1338
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients aged 18 years old and above. Eligibility is restricted to this age group given that the battery of neurocognitive tests utilized in this protocol are not developed or validated for use in a younger population.
• One to four newly diagnosed brain metastases, identified on the screening MRI, from an extracranial primary tumor.
• One lesion, designated the index lesion, is planned for surgical resection and is to be between 2.5 cm and 5.0 cm on the screening MRI. Index lesions ≥2.0 cm but <2.5 cm are also eligible if surgery is deemed clinically necessary and appropriate for an attempted gross total resection by the neurosurgeon.
• Non-index lesions must measure < 4.0 cm in maximal extent on the screening MRI brain scan. The unresected lesions will be treated with SRT as outlined in the treatment section of the concept.
• All metastases must be located > 5 mm from the optic chiasm and outside the brainstem. Dural based metastasis are eligible.
• Previous and/or concurrent treatment with investigational or FDA approved systemic therapies (e.g., chemotherapy, targeted therapeutics, immunotherapy) is permitted and must follow protocol guidelines as follows: Systemic therapy is allowed a minimum of one week from last systemic therapy cycle to surgical resection, and one week after surgical resection to allow a minimum of one week before starting/resuming systemic therapy, depending on the specific systemic agent(s), as recommended by medical/neuro-oncology. Systemic therapy is not allowed 1 day before SRT, the same day as the SRT, or 1 day after the completion of the SRT or longer, depending on the specific systemic agent(s), as recommended by medical/neuro-oncology. Agents that are delivered by implant or depot injections (such as hormonal therapies) are excluded from these restrictions.
• KPS score of ≥70.
• Stable systemic disease or reasonable systemic treatment options predicting a life expectancy of ≥6 months.
• Ability to complete an MRI of the head with contrast
• Adequate renal and hepatic function to undergo surgery, in investigators opinion.
• For women of childbearing potential only, a negative urine or serum pregnancy test done <7 days prior to randomization is required. Women must be willing to notify investigator immediately if they become pregnant at any time during the trial period.
• Men and women of childbearing potential must be willing to employ adequate contraception throughout the study and for men for up to 3 months after completing treatment.
• Subjects must be fluent in English or Spanish language. English speaking subjects will complete Neurocognitive assessments. Non-English speaking subjects will not complete the Neurocognitive assessments as the psychometric properties for translated tests are either not known or not as robust.
• Willingness and ability to provide written informed consent and HIPAA authorization prior to performance of any study-related procedures. A legally authorized representative may provide consent if the potential subject lacks the capacity to provide consent themselves. Exclusion Criteria
• Age <18 years.
• KPS<70
• Past radiation or surgical therapy to the index lesion or the newly diagnosed non-index lesion(s) is exclusionary. However, up to a total of 2 prior courses of SRT treatment to previously diagnosed lesions are allowed as long as any treated lesions are were >15mm from the index lesion.
• Patients with >4 newly diagnosed metastases on screening MRI
• Pregnant patients.
• Primary germ cell tumor, small cell carcinoma, or lymphoma.
• Leptomeningeal metastasis (LMD). Note: For the purposes of exclusion, LMD is a clinical diagnosis, defined as radiologic or clinical evidence of leptomeningeal involvement with or without positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology.
• Prior WBRT for brain metastases.
• Concomitant therapy that, in the investigator's opinion, would interfere with the evaluation of the safety or efficacy of the study device.
• Comorbid psychiatric or neurologic disease or injury impacting cognition, in the opinion of the treating physician, that might impair patient's ability to understand or comply with the requirements of the study or to provide consent
• Subjects who, in the investigator's opinion, are unable to understand the protocol or to give informed consent, have a history of poor cooperation, noncompliance with medical treatment, or difficulty in returning for follow up care.
Device: Gamma Tile-Surgically Targeted Radiation Therapy (STaRT), Radiation: Stereotactic Radiation Therapy
Brain Metastases, Brain and Nervous System
Brain, Tumor, Cancer, New Diagnosis, Metastases, GammaTile, Radiation, Cs-131
UT Southwestern
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Eflornithine (DFMO) and Etoposide for Relapsed/Refractory Neuroblastoma

Difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) will be used in an open label, multicenter, study in combination with etoposide for subjects with relapsed/refractory neuroblastoma.

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Tanya Watt
128737
All
up to 31 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04301843
STU-2020-1293
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Inclusion Criteria:

• All patients must have a pathologically confirmed diagnosis of neuroblastoma, ≤ 30.99 years of age with history of relapsed/refractory neuroblastoma.
• All patients must have completed upfront therapy with at least 4 cycles of aggressive multi-drug chemotherapy.
• Specific Criteria by Arm: Arms 1 and 2: Subjects with no active disease: i. No evidence of residual disease by CT/MRI and MIBG scan (or PET for patients who have a history of MIBG non-avid disease). o Note: Patients with residual masses detected by CT/MRI may be considered in CR if their MIBG is negative or if MIBG positive and evaluated by PET and found to have negative PET scans; biopsy confirmation may be considered if there is still reasonable concern for persistent disease but is not required. ii. No evidence of disease metastatic to bone marrow. Arm 3: Measurable or evaluable disease, including at least one of the following: Measurable tumor by CT or MRI; or a positive MIBG and PET; or positive bone marrow biopsy/aspirate in at least one site.
• Timing from prior therapy: Enrollment (first dose of DFMO) no later than 60 days from last dose of the most recent therapy.
• Subjects must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti- cancer chemotherapy and be within the following timelines:
• Myelosuppressive chemotherapy: Must not have received within 2 weeks of enrollment onto this study (6 weeks if prior nitrosourea).
• Hematopoietic growth factors: At least 5 days since the completion of therapy with a growth factor.
• Biologic (anti-neoplastic agent): At least 7 days since the completion of therapy with a biologic agent. For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the Study Chair.
• Immunotherapy: At least 6 weeks since the completion of any type of immunotherapy, e.g. tumor vaccines, CAR-T cells.
• Anti-GD2 Monoclonal antibodies: At least 2 weeks must have elapsed since prior treatment with a monoclonal antibody.
• XRT: At least 14 days since the last treatment except for radiation delivered with palliative intent to a non-target site.
• Stem Cell Transplant:
• Allogeneic: No evidence of active graft vs. host disease
• Allo/Auto: ≥ 2 months must have elapsed since transplant.
• MIBG Therapy: At least 8 weeks since treatment with MIBG therapy
• Subjects must have a Lansky or Karnofsky Performance Scale score of 60% or higher.
• Life expectancy > 2 months
• All clinical and laboratory studies for organ functions to determine eligibility must be performed within 7 days prior to first dose of study drug unless otherwise indicated below.
• Subjects must have adequate organ functions at the time of registration:
• Hematological: Total absolute neutrophil count ANC ≥750/μL
• Liver: Subjects must have adequate liver function as defined by AST and ALT <5x upper limit of normal (Normal=45), Bilirubin <1.5x upper limit normal (Normal=1.0). Normal PT, PTT, fibrinogen.
• Renal: Adequate renal function defined as (perform one of the following): Creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR 70 mL/min/1.73 m2 or greater or a serum creatinine based on age/gender
• Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test. Patients of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective birth control method. Female patients who are lactating must agree to stop breast-feeding.
• Written informed consent in accordance with institutional and FDA guidelines must be obtained from all subjects (or patients' legal representative).
Exclusion Criteria:

• BSA of <0.25 m2.
• Subjects that received DFMO at a dose higher than 1000mg/m2 BID prior to this study are not eligible.
• Subjects that received a dose of DFMO in combination with etoposide are not eligible.
• Investigational Drugs: Subjects who are currently receiving another investigational drug are excluded from participation.
• Anti-cancer Agents: Subjects who are currently receiving other anticancer agents are not eligible. Subjects must have fully recovered from hematological and bone marrow suppression effects of prior chemotherapy.
• Infection: Subjects who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible until the infection is judged to be well controlled in the opinion of the investigator.
• Subjects who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study, or in whom compliance is likely to be suboptimal, should be excluded.
Drug: Eflornithine
Neuroblastoma, Brain and Nervous System
Children’s Health
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A Study of the Drugs Selumetinib vs. Carboplatin and Vincristine in Patients With Low-Grade Glioma

This phase III trial compares the effect of selumetinib versus the standard of care treatment with carboplatin and vincristine (CV) in treating patients with newly diagnosed or previously untreated low-grade glioma (LGG) that does not have a genetic abnormality called BRAFV600E mutation and is not associated with systemic neurofibromatosis type 1. Selumetinib works by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and may kill tumor cells. Carboplatin and vincristine are chemotherapy drugs that work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. The overall goal of this study is to see if selumetinib works just as well as the standard treatment of CV for patients with LGG. Another goal of this study is to compare the effects of selumetinib versus CV in subjects with LGG to find out which is better. Additionally, this trial will also examine if treatment with selumetinib improves the quality of life for subjects who take it.

Call 833-722-6237
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Daniel Bowers
10760
All
2 Years to 21 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04166409
STU-2020-0013
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must be >= 2 years and =< 21 years at the time of enrollment
• Patients must have a body surface area (BSA) of >= 0.5 m^2 at enrollment
• Patients must have non-neurofibromatosis type 1 (non-NF1) low-grade glioma (LGG) without a BRAFV600E mutation as confirmed by Rapid Central Pathology and Molecular Screening Reviews performed on APEC14B1 (NCT02402244) and that has not been treated with any modality besides surgery. Note: Patients may be newly-diagnosed OR previously diagnosed, and there is no required time frame between biopsy/surgery and treatment initiation.
• Patients with residual tumor after resection or progressive tumor after initial diagnosis (with or without surgery) who have not received treatment (chemotherapy and/or radiation) are eligible
• Patients must have two-dimensional measurable tumor >= 1 cm^2 to be eligible
• Eligible histologies will include all tumors considered low-grade glioma or low-grade astrocytoma (World Health Organization [WHO] grade I and II) by 5th edition WHO classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors with the exception of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma
• Patients with metastatic disease or multiple independent primary LGG are eligible
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• Age: Maximum Serum Creatinine (mg/dL)
• 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 mg/dL (male); 0.8 mg/dL (female)
• 6 to < 10 years: 1 mg/dL (male); 1 mg/dL (female)
• 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 mg/dL (male); 1.2 mg/dL (female)
• 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 mg/dL (male); 1.4 mg/dL (female)
• >= 16 years: 1.7 mg/dL (male); 1.4 mg/dL (female)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment) (children with a diagnosis of Gilbert's syndrome will be allowed on study regardless of their total and indirect [unconjugated] bilirubin levels as long as their direct [conjugated] bilirubin is < 3.1 mg/dL)
• Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment). For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
• Albumin >= 2 g/dL (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 53% (or institutional normal; if the LVEF result is given as a range of values, then the upper value of the range will be used) by echocardiogram (performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment)
• Corrected QT (QTc) interval =< 450 msec by electrocardiography (EKG) (performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment)
• Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/uL (unsupported) (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Platelets >= 100,000/uL (unsupported) (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (may be supported) (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Patients with a known seizure disorder should be stable and should not have experienced a significant increase in seizure frequency within 2 weeks prior to enrollment
• Patients 2-17 years of age must have a blood pressure that is =< 95th percentile for age, height, and gender at the time of enrollment (with or without the use of anti-hypertensive medications)
• Patients >= 18 years of age must have a blood pressure =< 130/80 mmHg at the time of enrollment (with or without the use of anti-hypertensive medications)
• Note for patients of all ages: Adequate blood pressure can be achieved using medication for the treatment of hypertension
• All patients must have ophthalmology toxicity assessments performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• For all patients, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain (with orbital cuts for optic pathway tumors) and/or spine (depending on the site(s) of primary disease) with and without contrast must be performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
• Patients must have the ability to swallow whole capsules
• All patients have signed an appropriate consent form and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) authorization form (if applicable)
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All patients have been consented and enrolled on APEC14B1 (NCT02402244) followed by enrollment on the ACNS1833 Pre-Enrollment Eligibility Screening (Step 0) on the same day to complete the Rapid Central Review
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients must not have received any prior tumor-directed therapy including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or bone marrow transplant. Prior surgical intervention is permitted
• Patients with a concurrent malignancy or history of treatment (other than surgery) for another tumor within the last year are ineligible
• Patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine tumors as seen on MRI (> 2/3 of pons involvement on imaging) are not eligible even if biopsy reveals grade I/II histology
• Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
• Patients with any serious medical or psychiatric illness/condition, including substance use disorders or ophthalmological conditions, likely in the judgment of the investigator to interfere or limit compliance with study requirements/treatment
• Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, are not able to comply with the study procedures are not eligible
• Female patients who are pregnant are not eligible since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs. A pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants are not eligible
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation and for 12 weeks after stopping study therapy are not eligible.
• Note: Women of child-bearing potential and males with sexual partners who are pregnant or who could become pregnant (i.e., women of child-bearing potential) should use effective methods of contraception for the duration of the study and for 12 weeks after stopping study therapy to avoid pregnancy and/or potential adverse effects on the developing embryo
• Known genetic disorder that increases risk for coronary artery disease. Note: The presence of dyslipidemia in a family with a history of myocardial infarction is not in itself an exclusion unless there is a known genetic disorder documented
• Symptomatic heart failure
• New York Health Association (NYHA) class II-IV prior or current cardiomyopathy
• Severe valvular heart disease
• History of atrial fibrillation
• Current or past history of central serous retinopathy
• Current or past history of retinal vein occlusion or retinal detachment
• Patients with uncontrolled glaucoma
• If checking pressure is clinically indicated, patients with intraocular pressure (IOP) > 22 mmHg or ULN adjusted by age are not eligible
• Supplementation with vitamin E greater than 100% of the daily recommended dose. Any multivitamin containing vitamin E must be stopped prior to study enrollment even if less than 100% of the daily recommended dosing for vitamin E
• Surgery within 2 weeks prior to enrollment, with the exception of surgical biopsy, placement of a vascular access device or cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) diverting procedure such as endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt.
• Note: Patients must have healed from any prior surgery
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
Procedure: Biospecimen Collection, Drug: Carboplatin, Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Other: Questionnaire Administration, Drug: Selumetinib Sulfate, Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Low Grade Glioma, Brain and Nervous System, Low Grade Astrocytoma, Metastatic Low Grade Astrocytoma, Metastatic Low Grade Glioma
Children’s Health
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Cobimetinib in Refractory Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH), and Other Histiocytic Disorders (NACHO-COBI)

This is a research study of a drug called cobimetinib in children and adults diagnosed with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), and other histiocytic disorders that has returned or does not respond to treatment. Cobimetinib blocks activation of a protein called Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK) that is part of incorrect growth signals in histiocytosis cells. Four different groups of patients will be enrolled.

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Erin Butler
104034
All
Not specified
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04079179
STU-2021-0830
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INCLUSION CRITERIA: Age at study entry
• For Group 1: Participant must be at least 6 months of age and less than 21 years of age at the time of enrollment
• For Group 2: Participant may be at least 6 months of age at the time of enrollment
• For Group 3: Participant must be at least 6 months of age and less than 21 years of age at the time of enrollment
• For Group 4: Participant must be 21 years of age or older at the time of enrollment
• Participant must be able to take an enteral dose and formulation of medication. Study medication is only available as an oral suspension or tablet which may be taken by mouth or other enteral route such as nasogastric or gastric tube.
• Biopsy proven LCH -AND
• Failure of at least front-line therapy for LCH with evaluable disease. -OR
• Diagnosis of LCH-associated neurodegenerative disease with radiologic or clinical progression within the past 3 months. -OR
• Biopsy proven JXG, ECD, RDD, histiocytic sarcoma, or other histiocytic lesion (newly diagnosed or relapsed/refractory disease) with evaluable active disease. Performance Level: -Karnofsky ≥ 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky ≥ 50% for patients ≤ 16 years of age. Adequate Hematologic Function Defined as:
• ANC ≥ 0.75 x 10^9/L (unsupported/without growth factor stimulant)
• Platelet count ≥ 75 x 10^9/L (unsupported/without transfusion within the past 7 days).
• Patients with marrow disease must have platelet count of >/= 75 x 10^9/L (transfusion support allowed) and must not be refractory to platelet transfusions.
• Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL (unsupported/without transfusion within the past 7 days)
• Patients with marrow disease must have hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL (transfusion support allowed). Adequate Renal Function Defined as:
• Calculated creatinine clearance (or radioisotope GFR) ≥ 70 mL/min/1.73m^2 or serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows: Maximum Serum Creatinine (mg/dL) Age 2 to < 6 years: Male 0.8 mg/d, Female 0.8; 6 to < 10 years: Male 1 mg/dL,Female 1; 10 to < 13 years: Male 1.2 mg/dL; Female 1.2; 13 to < 16 years: Male 1.5 mg/dL ; Female 1.4; ≥ 16 years: Male 1.7 mg/dL; Female 1.4; Adequate Liver Function Defined as:
• Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• AST and ALT ≤ 3x ULN (≤ 5 x ULN for participants with liver involvement)
• Serum albumin ≥ 2 g/dL. For patients with liver disease caused by histiocytic disorder: • Patients may be enrolled with abnormal bilirubin, AST, ALT and albumin with documentation of histiocytic liver disease. Adequate Cardiac Function Defined as:
• Fractional shortening (FS) of ≥ 30% or ejection fraction of ≥ 50% by echocardiogram at baseline, as determined by echocardiography or multigated acquisition scan (MUGA) within 28 days prior to enrollment. Depending on institutional standard, either FS or LVEF is adequate for enrollment if only one value is measured; if both values are measured, then both values must meet criteria above Pregnancy/Birth Control
• Female patients of childbearing potential require a negative urine or serum pregnancy test for eligibility and again at database registration, if more than 2 weeks has elapsed.
• Female patients of childbearing potential must agree to follow the contraceptive requirements using two forms of effective contraceptive methods for the duration of the study treatment. Male patients with sexual partners who are pregnant or who could become pregnant (i.e., women of child-bearing potential) must agree to use two forms of effective methods of contraception (one of which must be a barrier method) during the treatment period and for at least 3 months after the last dose of the study drug to avoid pregnancy and/or potential adverse effects on a developing embryo. Agreement to true abstinence (not periodic abstinence or withdrawal method) is an acceptable method of birth control. EXCLUSION CRITERIA:
• Prior and Concomitant Use of Drugs with CYP3A4 inducing/inhibiting activity: Patient taking strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 within 14 days prior to study enrollment, including but not limited to the following: erythromycin, clarithromycin, ketoconazole, azithromycin, itraconazole, grapefruit juice or St. John's wort.
• Prior Therapy Restrictions Completion of previous chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, or targeted therapy for LCH (or other histiocytic disorder) at least 28 days (except where specified below) prior to study enrollment, with resolution of all associated toxicity to ≤ Grade 1 prior to study enrollment (exception for alopecia and ototoxicity which do not need to be resolved ≤ Grade 1). Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anti-cancer directed therapy prior to enrollment. If after the required timeframe, the laboratory eligibility criteria are met, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately.
• Radiation therapy within the 28 days prior to enrollment.
• Any prior treatment with Cobimetinib.
• Treatment with a long-acting hematopoietic growth factor within 14 days prior to initiation of study drug or a short-acting hematopoietic growth factor within 7 days prior to enrollment.
• Treatment with hormonal therapy (except hormone replacement therapy or oral contraceptives), immunotherapy, biologic therapy, investigational therapy, or herbal cancer therapy within 28 days or < 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, prior to study enrollment.
• Treatment with high-dose chemotherapy and stem-cell rescue (autologous stem cell transplant) or allogeneic stem cell transplant within 90 days prior to enrollment. Anti-GVHD agents post-transplant: Patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible for this trial.
• For patients with brain tumors (intracranial masses), use of anticoagulants within 7 days prior to enrollment.
• Corticosteroid therapy <0.5 mg/kg/day averaged during the month prior to study enrollment is permissible but must be discontinued fourteen (14) days prior to enrollment. Patients with documented brain lesions receiving corticosteroids for management of cerebral edema must be on a stable dose for fourteen (14) days prior to enrollment.
• Patient has received treatment with investigational therapy within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study drug.
• Patients taking anticoagulants or have a pre-existing bleeding disorder unrelated to histiocytic disease.
• Exclusions for other illness
• Other active malignancy or history of secondary malignancy.
• Refractory nausea and vomiting, malabsorption, external biliary shunt
• Infection: Patients who have a known active infection (excluding documented fungal infection of the nail beds) within 28 days prior to enrollment that has not completely resolved.
• Major surgical procedure or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to enrollment, or anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study. Placement of a vascular access device or minor surgery is permitted within fourteen (14) days prior to study enrollment (provided that the wound has healed).
• History of significant bowel resection that would preclude adequate absorption or other significant malabsorptive disease.
• History of pneumonitis.
• Ophthalmologic considerations: Patients with known significant ophthalmologic conditions or known risk factors for retinal vein occlusion are not eligible. Specifically, patients with a history of retinal vein occlusion (RVO), retinal detachment, retinal pathology on ophthalmologic exam, retinopathy of prematurity, central serous chorioretinopathy (CSSCR), neovascular retinopathy, intraocular pressure > 21 mmHg, and predisposing factors to RVO (e.g., uncontrolled hypertension, diabetes, or hyperlipidemia, coagulopathy) will be excluded. Patients with longstanding and stable ophthalmologic findings secondary to existing conditions are eligible with appropriate written documentation and approval from Study Chair.
• History of solid organ transplantation: Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation are not eligible.
• Any other disease, metabolic or psychological dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that in the opinion of the investigator contraindicates use of an investigational drug or places the patient at unacceptable risk from treatment complications.
• History of clinically significant cardiac dysfunction, including the following:
• Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias including brady-arrhythmias and/or patients who require anti-arrhythmic therapy (with the exception of beta blockers or digoxin). Patients with controlled atrial fibrillation are not excluded.
• Unstable arrhythmia
• Unstable angina, or new-onset angina within 3 months prior to initiation of study treatment
• Symptomatic congestive heart failure, defined as New York Heart Association Class II or higher
• Myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to initiation of study treatment
• Known chronic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
• History of Grade ≥ 2 CNS hemorrhage or history of any CNS hemorrhage within 28 days of enrollment.
• Female patients who are pregnant or lactating. Pregnant or lactating women will not be entered on this study because there is no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities.
Drug: Cobimetinib
Histiocytic Sarcoma, Juvenile Xanthogranuloma, Brain and Nervous System, Bones and Joints, Liver, Lung/Thoracic, Other Hematopoietic, Langerhan's Cell Histiocytosis, Erdheim-Chester Disease, Rosai Dorfman Disease, Neuro-Degenerative Disease, Histiocytic Disorders, Malignant
Cobimetinib, Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH)
Children’s Health
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67Cu-SARTATE™ Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy Administered to Pediatric Patients With High-Risk, Relapsed, Refractory Neuroblastoma

The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 67Cu-SARTATE in pediatric patients with high-risk neuroblastoma.

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Tanya Watt
128737
All
Not specified
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04023331
STU-2020-1005
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Participant is able and willing to provide informed consent (≥18 years), or informed consent is obtained by the parent or legal guardian for minor participants, with the minor providing age appropriate assent, according to local law and regulations;
• Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks;
• Known high-risk neuroblastoma OR previously intermediate-risk neuroblastoma that has relapsed or progressed to high-risk, with failure to achieve complete response with standard therapy (defined as at least 4 cycles of aggressive multi-drug induction chemotherapy with or without radiation and surgery, or according to a standard high-risk treatment/neuroblastoma protocol), OR who are medically ineligible to receive standard treatment OR who are intolerant to standard treatment;
• Adequate recovery from acute toxic effects of any prior therapy, as deemed by the Investigator or treating Sub-Investigator;
• Adequate liver function as defined by the following laboratory values obtained within 28 days prior to administration of 64Cu-SARTATE: Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 3.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN);
• Adequate renal function;
• Adequate laboratory parameters: Absolute neutrophil count > 1.0 x 10 9/L; Platelet count > 50 x 10 9/L; Total bilirubin <1.5 x ULN;
• Karnofsky or Lansky performance status ≥50;
• All participants must have a hematopoietic stem cell product available (minimum CD34+ cell dose is ≥2 x 10 6 cells/kg);
• Sexually active participants of reproductive potential must practice an effective method of birth control while participating on this study, to avoid possible damage to the fetus. Abstinence is considered acceptable;
• 64Cu-SARTATE uptake on the 4 hour scan (SUVmax) of any lesion equal to or higher than that of the liver in order to move on to the therapy phase of the study.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Participants with disease of any major organ system that would compromise their ability to tolerate therapy, as deemed by the Investigator or treating Sub-Investigator;
• Any other active malignancy, or a history of prior malignancy within the past 3 years;
• History of cardiac failure as evidenced by: dyspnea at rest, exercise intolerance, oxygen requirement, clinically significant cardiac dysfunction;
• Planned administration of chemotherapy, anti-cancer cytokine therapy, immunotherapy or radiotherapy within 2 weeks prior to the administration of 64Cu-SARTATE;
• Administration of therapeutic dose of 131I-MIBG within 8 weeks prior to the administration of 64Cu-SARTATE;
• External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) to both kidneys or a single functioning kidney within 12 months prior to the administration of 64Cu-SARTATE;
• Administration of any investigational agents within 21 days prior to administration of 64Cu-SARTATE;
• Treatment with long acting somatostatin analogues (administered within 28 days prior to the administration of 64Cu-SARTATE), or short acting somatostatin analogues (administered within 24 hours prior to the administration of 64Cu-SARTATE);
• Known sensitivity or allergy to somatostatin analogues;
• Previous peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT);
• Female participants who are pregnant or lactating;
• Participants who are on hemodialysis;
• QTc interval ≥ 0.45 seconds as measured by Screening ECG;
• Participants with uncontrolled infection(s);
• Any medical condition which the Investigator feels may interfere with the procedures or evaluations of the study;
• Participants 12 months and younger will be excluded from cohorts where the planned single or cumulative administered activity is modelled to deliver a radiation dose to the marrow that exceeds 2 Gy.
Drug: 67Cu-SARTATE, Drug: 64Cu-SARTATE
Neuroblastoma, Refractory Neuroblastoma, Relapsed Neuroblastoma, Brain and Nervous System
Children’s Health
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Non-Contrast Perfusion Using Arterial Spin Labeled MR Imaging for Assessment of Therapy Response in Glioblastoma

MRI including ASL will be performed before, during and after the treatment, in a total of 7 MRI sessions until 8 months after the first session. Thereafter, patients will be followed through standard clinical examinations for the next 3 years or until demise, whichever occurs first. Clinically, GBM patients are imaged every 8-weeks, beginning at 10 weeks after the completion of chemoradiation, since morphological (i.e. size) changes are not anticipated earlier. However, our preliminary experience and others have shown functional changes including perfusion and diffusion as early as 3-weeks after the initiation of the treatment . Thus, our T10, T18, T26 and T34 MRI sessions will be performed along with the clinical imaging sessions, while the T3 and T6 MRI sessions will be performed additionally for this proposal. All MR imaging sessions will be scheduled within ±1 or ±2 weeks of the target time period, as indicated in the table. MRI including ASL will be performed before, during and after the treatment, in a total of 7 MRI sessions until 8 months after the first session. The research MR imaging may take approximately an additional 15 minutes per each imaging session. However, the T3, and T6 MR imaging sessions will be performed additionally for the purpose of this study, with each taking approximately one hour. Thereafter, patients will be followed through standard clinical examinations for the next 3 years or until demise, whichever occurs first.

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Marco Da Cunha Pinho
134506
All
18 Years and over
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03922984
STU 032018-079
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients with histologically proven GBM
• Newly diagnosed GBM. Prior surgery is allowed, but should not have started any other treatment such as chemotherapy, radiation treatment, and anti-angiogenic therapy.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1, or 2
• Women of child-bearing potential must agree to undergo a urine pregnancy screening per standard Radiology departmental protocol, in place to prevent imaging of pregnant patients. A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria: 1) Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
• Scheduled to undergo chemoradiation.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Subjects who have had prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
• Subjects may not be receiving any other investigational agents at the time of enrollment.
• Subjects must not be pregnant since pregnancy is a contraindication to administration of gadolinium-based contrast agents.
• Any contraindication to MRI per Radiology Department's routine protocol, e.g. MRI-incompatible objects, including but not limited to medical devices (e.g. pacemakers, automated implantable cardioverter defibrillators, etc.) and other foreign bodies.
• Known severe allergic reaction to Gadolinium-based contrast agents.
• Patients with sickle cell disease and patients with other hemolytic anemias (low red blood count in body).
• Patients with uncontrollable claustrophobia, severe lower back pain, and uncontrollable tremors, to the point that it would render them unable to tolerate an MRI study.
Procedure: MRI with Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL)
Glioblastoma, Brain and Nervous System
magnetic resonance imaging, arterial spin labeling
UT Southwestern
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A Study of Oral LOXO-292 (Selpercatinib) in Pediatric Participants With Advanced Solid or Primary Central Nervous System (CNS) Tumors (LIBRETTO-121)

This is an open-label, multi-center Phase 1/2 study of oral LOXO-292 in pediatric participants with an activating rearranged during transfection (RET) alteration and an advanced solid or primary CNS tumor.

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Tanya Watt
128737
All
6 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03899792
STU-2018-0444
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Advanced or metastatic solid or primary CNS tumor which has failed standard of care therapies
• Evidence of an activating RET gene alteration in the tumor and/or blood
• Measurable or non-measurable disease
• Karnofsky (participants 16 years and older) or Lansky (participants younger than 16) performance score of at least 50
• Participant with primary CNS tumors or cerebral metastases must be neurologically stable for 7 days prior and must not have required increasing doses of steroids within the last 7 days
• Adequate hematologic, hepatic and renal function.
• Ability to receive study drug therapy orally or via gastric access
• Willingness of men and women of reproductive potential to observe conventional and effective birth control
Exclusion Criteria:

• Major surgery within two weeks prior to planned start of LOXO-292
• Clinically significant, uncontrolled cardiac, cardiovascular disease or history of myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to planned start of LOXO-292
• Active uncontrolled systemic bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic infection
• Clinically significant active malabsorption syndrome
• Pregnancy or lactation
• Uncontrolled symptomatic hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism (i.e. the participant required a modification to current thyroid medication in the 7 days before start of LOXO-292)
• Uncontrolled symptomatic hypercalcemia or hypocalcemia
• Known hypersensitivity to any of the components of the investigational agent, LOXO-292 or Ora-Sweet® SF and OraPlus®, for participants who will receive LOXO-292 suspension
• Prior treatment with a selective RET inhibitor(s) (including investigational selective RET inhibitor[s])
Drug: LOXO-292
Papillary Thyroid Cancer, Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Infantile Fibrosarcoma, Medullary Thyroid Cancer, Infantile Myofibromatosis, Brain and Nervous System, Anklylosing Spondylitis, Bones and Joints, Ovary, Prostate, Soft Tissue
Loxo, LOXO-292, KIF5B-RET, M918T, CCDC6-RET, RET-PTC1, NCOA4-RET, RET-PTC, RET-PTC3, RET-PTC4, PRKAR1A-RET, RET-PTC2, GOLGA5-RET, RET-PTC5, ERC1-RET, KTN1-RET, RET-PTC8, HOOK3-RET, PCM1-RET, TRIM24-RET, RET-PTC6, TRIM27-RET, TRIM33-RET, RET-PTC7, AKAP13-RET, FKBP15-RET, SPECC1L-RET, TBL1XR1-RET, BCR-RET, FGRF1OP-RET, RFG8-RET, RET-PTC9, ACBD5-RET, MYH13-RET, CUX1-RET, KIAA1468-RET, FRMD4A-RET, SQSTM1-RET, AFAP1L2-RET, PPFIBP2-RET, EML4-RET, PARD3-RET, G533C, C609F, C609G, C609R, C609S, C609Y, C611F, C611G, C611S, C611Y, C611W, C618F, C618R, C618S, C620F, C620R, C620S, C630R, C630Y, D631Y, C634F, C634G, C634R, C634S, C634W, C634Y, K666E, E768D, L790F, V804L, V804M, A883F, S891A, R912P, CLIP1-RET, Y806C, RET fusion, RET alteration, RET mutation, RET rearrangement, RET translocation, Neoplasms by Site, Neoplasms, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Lung Neoplasms, Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung, Cancer of Lung, Cancer of the Lung, Lung Cancer, Neoplasms, Lung, Neoplasms, Pulmonary, Pulmonary Cancer, Pulmonary Neoplasms, Respiratory Tract Neoplasms, Lung Diseases, Respiratory Tract Diseases, Carcinoma, Bronchogenic, Bronchial Neoplasms, Medullary Thyroid Cancer, Papillary Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Diseases, Thyroid Neoplasms, Cancer of the Thyroid, Cancer of Thyroid, Neoplasms, Thyroid, Thyroid Adenoma, Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Carcinoma, Endocrine System Diseases, Endocrine Gland Neoplasms, Head and Neck Neoplasms, Thoracic Neoplasms, CNS tumor, Primary CNS tumor, Colonic Neoplasms, Cancer of Colon, Cancer of the Colon, Colon Cancer, Colon Neoplasms, Colonic Cancer, Neoplasms, Colonic, Malignant tumor of Breast, Mammary Cancer, Mammary Carcinoma, Human, Mammary Neoplasm, Human, Neoplasms, Breast, Tumors, Breast, Human Mammary Carcinoma, Malignant Neoplasm of Breast, Breast Carcinoma, Breast Tumors, Cancer of the Breast, Breast Neoplasms, Breast Cancer, RET Inhibitor, MTC, NSCLC, Soft tissue sarcoma, Infantile Myofibromatosis, Infantile Fibrosarcoma
Children’s Health
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A Study of the Drugs Selumetinib Versus Carboplatin/Vincristine in Patients With Neurofibromatosis and Low-Grade Glioma

This phase III trial studies if selumetinib works just as well as the standard treatment with carboplatin/vincristine (CV) for subjects with NF1-associated low grade glioma (LGG), and to see if selumetinib is better than CV in improving vision in subjects with LGG of the optic pathway (vision nerves). Selumetinib is a drug that works by blocking some enzymes that low-grade glioma tumor cells need for their growth. This results in killing tumor cells. Drugs used as chemotherapy, such as carboplatin and vincristine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether selumetinib works better in treating patients with NF1-associated low-grade glioma compared to standard therapy with carboplatin and vincristine.

Call 833-722-6237
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Laura Klesse
13954
All
2 Years to 21 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03871257
STU-2019-1466
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must be >= 2 years and =< 21 years at the time of enrollment
• Patients must have a body surface area (BSA) of >= 0.5 m^2 at enrollment
• Patients must have neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) based on clinical criteria and/or germline genetic testing
• Patients must be newly diagnosed or have previously diagnosed NF-1 associated LGG that has not been treated with any modality other than surgery
• For patients with optic pathway gliomas (OPGs):
• Newly-diagnosed patients with OPG are eligible if there are neurologic symptoms (including visual dysfunction, as defined below) or other exam findings associated with the tumor
• Previously-diagnosed patients with OPG are eligible if they have new or worsening neurologic symptoms (including visual dysfunction, as defined below) or have tumor growth
• For both newly-diagnosed and previously-diagnosed OPG, the patient may be eligible, irrespective of whether there has been tumor growth or other neurological symptoms or worsening, if they meet at least one of the following visual criteria:
• Visual worsening, defined as worsening of visual acuity (VA) or visual fields (VF) documented within the past year (by examination or history); OR
• Significant visual dysfunction (defined as VA worse than normal for age by
• 6 logMAR [20/80, 6/24, or 2.5/10] or more in one or both eyes)
• For patients with LGG in other locations (i.e., not OPGs):
• Newly-diagnosed patients with LGG are eligible if there are neurologic symptoms or other exam findings associated with the tumor
• NOTE: Newly-diagnosed patients with LGG without associated neurologic symptoms or exam findings are not eligible
• Previously-diagnosed patients with LGG are eligible if they have new or worsening neurologic symptoms or have tumor growth
• Although not required, if a biopsy/tumor resection is performed, eligible histologies will include all tumors considered LGG or low-grade astrocytoma (World Health Organization [WHO] grade I and II) by 5th edition WHO classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors with the exception of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma
• Patients must have two-dimensional measurable tumor >= 1 cm^2
• Patients with metastatic disease or multiple independent primary LGGs are allowed on study
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration Rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR a serum creatinine based on age/gender (within 7 days prior to enrollment) as follows:
• Age; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL)
• 2 to < 6 years; 0.8 (male) and 0.8 (female)
• 6 to < 10 years; 1 (male) and 1 (female)
• 10 to < 13 years; 1.2 (male) and 1.2 (female)
• 13 to < 16 years; 1.5 (male) and 1.4 (female)
• >= 16 years; 1.7 (male) and 1.4 (female)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (within 7 days prior to enrollment) (children with a diagnosis of Gilbert's syndrome will be allowed on study regardless of their total and indirect [unconjugated] bilirubin levels as long as their direct [conjugated] bilirubin is < 3.1 mg/dL)
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN) = 135 U/L (within 7 days prior to enrollment). For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
• Albumin >= 2 g/dL (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 53% (or institutional normal; if the LVEF result is given as a range of values, then the upper value of the range will be used) by echocardiogram (within 4 weeks prior to enrollment)
• Corrected QT (QTc) interval =< 450 msec by electrocardiography (EKG) (within 4 weeks prior to enrollment)
• Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/uL (unsupported) (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Platelets >= 100,000/uL (unsupported) (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (may be supported) (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Patients with a known seizure disorder should be stable and should have not experienced a significant increase in seizure frequency within 2 weeks prior to enrollment
• Patients 2-17 years of age must have a blood pressure that is =< 95th percentile for age, height, and gender at the time of enrollment. Patients >= 18 years of age must have a blood pressure =< 130/80 mmHg at the time of enrollment (with or without the use of antihypertensive medications).
• Note: Adequate blood pressure can be achieved using medication for the treatment of hypertension
• All patients must have ophthalmology toxicity assessments performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• For all patients, an MRI of the brain (with orbital cuts for optic pathway tumors) and/or spine (depending on the site(s) of primary disease) with and without contrast must be performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• For patients who undergo a surgery on the target tumor (not required), a pre- and post-operative* MRI of the brain (with orbital cuts for optic pathway tumors) or spine (depending on the site(s) of primary disease) with and without contrast must also be performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• The post-operative MRIs should be performed ideally within 48 hours after surgery if possible
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
• Patients must have the ability to swallow whole capsules
• Patients must have receptive and expressive language skills in English or Spanish to complete the quality of life (QOL) and neurocognitive assessments
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent.
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients must not have received any prior tumor-directed therapy including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or bone marrow transplant. Prior surgical intervention is permitted
• Patients with a concurrent malignancy or history of treatment (other than surgery) for another tumor within the last year are ineligible
• Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
• Patients with any serious medical or psychiatric illness/ condition, including substance use disorders likely in the judgement of the investigator to interfere or limit compliance with study requirements/treatment are not eligible
• Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, are not able to comply with the study procedures are not eligible
• Female patients who are pregnant are not eligible since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs. A pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants are not eligible
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation and for 12 weeks after stopping study therapy are not eligible
• Note: Women of child-bearing potential and males with sexual partners who are pregnant or who could become pregnant (i.e., women of child-bearing potential) should use effective methods of contraception for the duration of the study and for 12 weeks after stopping study therapy to avoid pregnancy and/or potential adverse effects on the developing embryo
• Cardiac conditions:
• Known genetic disorder that increases risk for coronary artery disease. Note: The presence of dyslipidemia in a family with a history of myocardial infarction is not in itself an exclusion unless there is a known genetic disorder documented
• Symptomatic heart failure
• New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-IV prior or current cardiomyopathy
• Severe valvular heart disease
• History of atrial fibrillation
• Ophthalmologic conditions:
• Current or past history of central serous retinopathy
• Current or past history of retinal vein occlusion or retinal detachment
• Patients with uncontrolled glaucoma
• If checking pressure is clinically indicated, patients with intraocular pressure (IOP) > 22 mmHg or ULN adjusted by age are not eligible
• Ophthalmological findings secondary to long-standing optic pathway glioma (such as visual loss, optic nerve pallor, or strabismus) or longstanding orbito-temporal plexiform neurofibroma (PN), such as visual loss, strabismus) will NOT be considered a significant abnormality for the purposes of the study
• Treatments and/or medications patient is receiving that would make her/him ineligible, such as:
• Supplementation with vitamin E greater than 100% of the daily recommended dose. Any multivitamin containing vitamin E must be stopped prior to study enrollment even if less than 100% of the daily recommended dosing for vitamin E
• Surgery within 2 weeks prior to enrollment, with the exception of surgical placement for vascular access or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diverting procedures such as endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt.
• Note: Patients must have healed from any prior surgery prior to enrollment
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
Drug: Carboplatin, Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Other: Questionnaire Administration, Drug: Selumetinib Sulfate, Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Neurofibromatosis Type 1, Low Grade Glioma, Visual Pathway Glioma, Brain and Nervous System
Children’s Health
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Neurocognitive Decline in Patients With Brain Metastases

The phase I component of the study is to identify maximal tolerated dose (MTD). The phase II is to evaluate neurocognitive decline.

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Zabihullah Wardak
147951
All
18 Years and over
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03508752
STU 122016-064
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Age ≥ 18 years.
• ECOG Performance Score of 2 or better/Karnofsky Performance score of 50-60 or better.
• Biopsy-proven non-hematopoietic malignancy, except for germ cell cancer. Small cell lung carcinoma is eligible for this study.
• Six or more metastases on diagnostic or treatment planning imaging, which include either CT Brain (with contrast) or MR Brain (with or without contrast) imaging.
• Largest tumor <= 4 cm.
• No prior SRS to the lesions which will be treated on protocol.
• Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 90 days following completion of therapy. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, marital status, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:
• Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
• Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
• Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Prior whole brain radiotherapy
• Patients with leptomeningeal metastasis. (NOTE: For the purposes of exclusion, LMD is a clinical diagnosis, defined as positive CSF cytology and/or equivocal radiologic or clinical evidence of leptomeningeal involvement. Patients with leptomeningeal symptoms in the setting of leptomeningeal enhancement by imaging (MRI) would be considered to have LMD even in the absence of positive CSF cytology, unless a parenchymal lesion can adequately explain the neurologic symptoms and/or signs. In contrast, an asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patient with mild or nonspecific leptomeningeal enhancement (MRI) would not be considered to have LMD. In that patient, CSF sampling is not required to formally exclude LMD, but can be performed at the investigator's discretion based on level of clinical suspicion.)
• Patients with life expectancy < 4 months.
• Psychiatric illness/social situations that, in the opinion of the investigator, would limit compliance with study requirements.
• Subjects must not be pregnant or nursing due to the potential for congenital abnormalities and the potential of this regimen to harm nursing infants.
Radiation: Stereotactic Radiosurgery
Brain Metastases, Brain and Nervous System
UT Southwestern; Parkland Health & Hospital System
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A Study of Selpercatinib (LOXO-292) in Participants With Advanced Solid Tumors, RET Fusion-Positive Solid Tumors, and Medullary Thyroid Cancer (LIBRETTO-001) (LIBRETTO-001)

This is an open-label, first-in-human study designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK) and preliminary anti-tumor activity of selpercatinib (also known as LOXO-292) administered orally to participants with advanced solid tumors, including rearranged during transfection (RET)-fusion-positive solid tumors, medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and other tumors with RET activation.

Call 833-722-6237
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Tian Zhang
206021
All
12 Years and over
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03157128
STU 082018-008
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Key
Inclusion Criteria:
For Phase 1:
• Participants with a locally advanced or metastatic solid tumor that:
• Has progressed on or is intolerant to standard therapy, or
• For which no standard therapy exists, or in the opinion of the Investigator, are not candidates for or would be unlikely to tolerate or derive significant clinical benefit from standard therapy, or
• Decline standard therapy
• Prior multikinase inhibitors (MKIs) with anti-RET activity are allowed
• A RET gene alteration is not required initially. Once adequate PK exposure is achieved, evidence of RET gene alteration in tumor and/or blood is required as identified through molecular assays, as performed for clinical evaluation
• Measurable or non-measurable disease as determined by RECIST 1.1 or RANO as appropriate to tumor type
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score of 0, 1, or 2 or Lansky Performance Score (LPS) greater than or equal to (≥) 40 percent (%) (age less than [<] 16 years) with no sudden deterioration 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment
• Adequate hematologic, hepatic and renal function
• Life expectancy of at least 3 months For Phase 2: As for phase 1 with the following modifications:
• For Cohort 1: Participants must have received prior standard therapy appropriate for their tumor type and stage of disease, or in the opinion of the Investigator, would be unlikely to tolerate or derive clinical benefit from appropriate standard of care therapy
• Cohorts 1 and 2:
• Enrollment will be restricted to participants with evidence of a RET gene alteration in tumor
• At least one measurable lesion as defined by RECIST 1.1 or RANO, as appropriate to tumor type and not previously irradiated
• Cohorts 3 and 4: Enrollment closed
• Cohort 5:
• Cohorts 1-4 without measurable disease
• MCT not meeting the requirements for Cohorts 3 or 4
• MTC syndrome spectrum cancers (e.g., MTC, pheochromocytoma), cancers with neuroendocrine features/differentiation, or poorly differentiated thyroid cancers with other RET alteration/activation may be allowed with prior Sponsor approval
• cfDNA positive for a RET gene alteration not known to be present in a tumor sample
• Cohort 6: Participants who otherwise are eligible for Cohorts 1, 2 or 5 who discontinued another RET inhibitor may be eligible with prior Sponsor approval
• Cohort 7: Participants with a histologically confirmed stage IB-IIIA NSCLC and a RET fusion; determined to be medically operable and tumor deemed resectable by a thoracic surgical oncologist, without prior systemic treatment for NSCLC Key Exclusion Criteria (Phase 1 and Phase 2):
• Phase 2 Cohorts 1 and 2: an additional known oncogenic driver
• Cohorts 3 and 4: Enrollment closed
• Cohorts 1, 2 and 5: prior treatment with a selective RET inhibitor Notes: Participants otherwise eligible for Cohorts 1, 2, and 5 who discontinued another selective RET inhibitor may be eligible for Phase 2 Cohort 6 with prior Sponsor approval
• Investigational agent or anticancer therapy (including chemotherapy, biologic therapy, immunotherapy, anticancer Chinese medicine or other anticancer herbal remedy) within 5 half-lives or 2 weeks (whichever is shorter) prior to planned start of LOXO-292 (selpercatinib). In addition, no concurrent investigational anti-cancer therapy is permitted Note: Potential exception for this exclusion criterion will require a valid scientific justification and approval from the Sponsor
• Major surgery (excluding placement of vascular access) within 2 weeks prior to planned start of LOXO-292 (selpercatinib)
• Radiotherapy with a limited field of radiation for palliation within 1 week of planned start of LOXO-292 (selpercatinib), with the exception of participants receiving radiation to more than 30% of the bone marrow or with a wide field of radiation, which must be completed at least 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment
• Any unresolved toxicities from prior therapy greater than Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Grade 1 at the time of starting study treatment with the exception of alopecia and Grade 2, prior platinum-therapy related neuropathy
• Symptomatic primary CNS tumor, metastases, leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, or untreated spinal cord compression. Participants are eligible if neurological symptoms and CNS imaging are stable and steroid dose is stable for 14 days prior to the first dose of LOXO-292 (selpercatinib) and no CNS surgery or radiation has been performed for 28 days, 14 days if stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS)
• Clinically significant active cardiovascular disease or history of myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to planned start of LOXO-292 (selpercatinib) or prolongation of the QT interval corrected (QTcF) greater than (>) 470 milliseconds (msec)
• Participants with implanted pacemakers may enter the study without meeting QTc criteria due to nonevaluable measurement if it is possible to monitor for QT changes.
• Participants with bundle branch block may be considered for study entry if QTc is appropriate by a formula other than Fridericia's and if it is possible to monitor for QT changes.
• Required treatment with certain strong cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors or inducers and certain prohibited concomitant medications
• Phase 2 Cohort 7 (neoadjuvant treatment): Participant must not have received prior systemic therapy for NSCLC.
Drug: LOXO-292
Lymphoma, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Colon Cancer, Medullary Thyroid Cancer, Any Solid Tumor, Brain and Nervous System, Eye and Orbit, Anus, Bones and Joints, Breast - Female, Breast - Male, Cervix, Colon, Corpus Uteri, Esophagus, Kidney, Larynx, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Liver, Lung/Thoracic, Melanoma, skin, Other Digestive Organ, Other Endocrine System, Other Female Genital, Other Male Genital, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Other Skin, Other Urinary, Ovary, Pancreas, Prostate, Stomach, Thyroid, Urinary Bladder, Hodgkins Lymphoma, Small Intestine, Soft Tissue
LOXO-292, KIF5B-RET, M918T, CCDC6-RET, RET-PTC1, NCOA4-RET, RET-PTC, RET-PTC3, RET-PTC4, PRKAR1A-RET, RET-PTC2, GOLGA5-RET, RET-PTC5, ERC1-RET, KTN1-RET, RET-PTC8, HOOK3-RET, PCM1-RET, TRIM24-RET, RET-PTC6, TRIM27-RET, TRIM33-RET, RET-PTC7, AKAP13-RET, FKBP15-RET, SPECC1L-RET, TBL1XR1-RET, BCR-RET, FGRF1OP-RET, RFG8-RET, RET-PTC9, ACBD5-RET, MYH13-RET, CUX1-RET, KIAA1468-RET, FRMD4A-RET, SQSTM1-RET, AFAP1L2-RET, PPFIBP2-RET, EML4-RET, PARD3-RET, G533C, C609F, C609G, C609R, C609S, C609Y, C611F, C611G, C611S, C611Y, C611W, C618F, C618R, C618S, C620F, C620R, C620S, C630R, C630Y, D631Y, C634F, C634G, C634R, C634S, C634W, C634Y, K666E, E768D, L790F, V804L, V804M, A883F, S891A, R912P, CLIP1-RET, Y806C, RET fusion, RET alteration, RET mutation, RET rearrangement, RET translocation, Neoplasms by Site, Neoplasms, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Lung Neoplasms, Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung, Cancer of Lung, Cancer of the Lung, Lung Cancer, Neoplasms, Lung, Neoplasms, Pulmonary, Pulmonary Cancer, Pulmonary Neoplasms, Respiratory Tract Neoplasms, Lung Diseases, Respiratory Tract Diseases, Carcinoma, Bronchogenic, Bronchial Neoplasms, Medullary Thyroid Cancer, Papillary Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Diseases, Thyroid Neoplasms, Cancer of the Thyroid, Cancer of Thyroid, Neoplasms, Thyroid, Thyroid Ademona, Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Carcinoma, Endocrine System Diseases, Endocrine Gland Neoplasms, Head and Neck Neoplasms, Thoracic Neoplasms, CNS tumor, Primary CNS tumor, Cancer of Colon, Cancer of the Colon, Colon Cancer, Colon Neoplasms, Colonic Cancer, Neoplasms, Colonic, Malignant tumor of Breast, Mammary Cancer, Mammary Carcinoma, Human, Mammary Neoplasm, Human, Neoplasms, Breast, Tumors, Breast, Human Mammary Carcinoma, Malignant Neoplasm of Breast, Breast Carcinoma, Breast Tumors, Cancer of the Breast, Breast Neoplasms, Breast Cancer, RET Inhibitor, MTC, NSCLC, selpercatinib, neo-adjuvant treatment in early stage NSCLC
UT Southwestern
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Targeted Therapy Directed by Genetic Testing in Treating Pediatric Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Advanced Solid Tumors, Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas, or Histiocytic Disorders (The Pediatric MATCH Screening Trial)

This Pediatric MATCH screening and multi-sub-study phase II trial studies how well treatment that is directed by genetic testing works in pediatric patients with solid tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphomas, or histiocytic disorders that have progressed following at least one line of standard systemic therapy and/or for which no standard treatment exists that has been shown to prolong survival. Genetic tests look at the unique genetic material (genes) of patients' tumor cells. Patients with genetic changes or abnormalities (mutations) may benefit more from treatment which targets their tumor's particular genetic mutation, and may help doctors plan better treatment for patients with solid tumors or non-Hodgkin lymphomas.

Call 833-722-6237
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Avanthi Shah
74989
All
12 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03155620
STU 072017-080
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Inclusion Criteria:

• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Patients must be >= 12 months and =< 21 years of age at the time of study enrollment
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumors, including non-Hodgkin lymphomas, histiocytoses (e.g. langerhans cell histiocytosis [LCH], juvenile xanthogranuloma [JXG], histiocytic sarcoma), and central nervous system (CNS) tumors are eligible; patients must have had histologic verification of malignancy at original diagnosis or relapse except in patients with intrinsic brain stem tumors, optic pathway gliomas, or patients with pineal tumors and elevations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or serum tumor markers including alpha-fetoprotein or beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG); in cases where patient enrolls prior to histologic confirmation of recurrent disease, patient is ineligible and should be withdrawn from study if histology fails to confirm recurrence; please note: Patients with Hodgkin lymphoma and plexiform neurofibroma are not eligible
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Tumor Testing Requirement: Tumor sample availability requirement for stage 1 of Pediatric MATCH (patients enrolled from start of study in July 2017 through 12/31/21); Patients must have an formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor sample available for MATCH study testing from a biopsy or surgery that was performed at any point after initial tumor recurrence/progression, or be planned to have a procedure to obtain such a sample that is considered to be of potential benefit by the treating clinicians; a tumor sample from a clinically performed diagnostic (pre-treatment) biopsy will be acceptable for enrollment onto Pediatric MATCH only for children with high-grade gliomas of the brainstem (diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas) or thalamus
• Please note: Samples that have been decalcified using standardly utilized acid-based decalcification methods are not generally suitable for MATCH study testing; the nucleic acids will have been degraded in the decalcification process
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Tumor molecular profiling report availability requirement for Stage 2 of Pediatric MATCH (patients enrolled starting 2022): In stage 2 of the study, no tumor samples will be submitted for centralized clinical tumor profiling; instead, a tumor molecular profiling report from a College of American Pathologists (CAP)/ Clinical Laboratory Improvements Amendments (CLIA)-approved testing laboratory must be submitted for review by the Molecular Review Committee (MRC)
• This molecular profiling must have been performed on a tumor sample that was obtained at any point after initial tumor recurrence/progression and must be accompanied by a pathology report for the same tumor specimen; a molecular profiling report for a diagnostic (pre-treatment) tumor sample will be acceptable for enrollment onto Pediatric MATCH only for children with high-grade gliomas of the brainstem (diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas) or thalamus. In the event that molecular profiling reports are available from multiple timepoints, the most recent report should be prioritized for study submission
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age); note: neurologic deficits in patients with central nervous system (CNS) tumors must have been stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Patients must have radiographically measurable disease; measurable disease based on imaging obtained less than or equal to 56 days prior to enrollment; patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) positive (+) evaluable disease are eligible; measurable disease in patients with CNS involvement is defined as any lesion that is at minimum 10 mm in one dimension on standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT)
• Note: The following do not qualify as measurable disease:
• Malignant fluid collections (e.g., ascites, pleural effusions)
• Bone marrow infiltration except that detected by MIBG scan for neuroblastoma
• Lesions only detected by nuclear medicine studies (e.g., bone, gallium or positron emission tomography [PET] scans) except as noted for neuroblastoma
• Elevated tumor markers in plasma or CSF
• Previously radiated lesions that have not demonstrated clear progression post radiation
• Leptomeningeal lesions that do not meet the measurement requirements for Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: NOTE: patient does not need to meet all subprotocol criteria at time of enrollment onto the APEC1621SC screening protocol, but will need to meet all criteria prior to enrollment on any assigned treatment subprotocol. Patients must be enrolled onto a subprotocol within 2 weeks (14 days) of treatment assignment
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age); Note: neurologic deficits in patients with CNS tumors must have been stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: At the time of treatment with subprotocol specified therapy, the patients must have radiographically measurable disease; patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have MIBG+ evaluable are eligible; measurable disease in patients with CNS involvement is defined as any lesion that is at minimum 10 mm in one dimension on standard MRI or CT
• Note: The following do not qualify as measurable disease:
• Malignant fluid collections (e.g., ascites, pleural effusions)
• Bone marrow infiltration except that detected by MIBG scan for neuroblastoma
• Lesions only detected by nuclear medicine studies (e.g., bone, gallium or positron emission tomography [PET] scans) except as noted for neuroblastoma
• Elevated tumor markers in plasma or CSF
• Previously radiated lesions that have not demonstrated clear progression post radiation
• Leptomeningeal lesions that do not meet the measurement requirements for RECIST 1.1
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: At the time of enrollment onto a subprotocol, the following general criteria for initiation of therapy will be required:
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anticancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anticancer directed therapy prior to enrollment to the subprotocol; if after the required timeframe, the numerical eligibility criteria are met, e.g. blood count criteria, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anticancer agents known to be myelosuppressive: for agents not listed, the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment >= 21 days after the last dose of cytotoxic or myelosuppressive chemotherapy (42 days if prior nitrosourea)
• Anticancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g. not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil counts [ANC]): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent; for agents not listed, the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1
• Corticosteroids: If used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Hematopoietic growth factors: >= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g. Neulasta) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor; for agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur; the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator
• Interleukins, interferons and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): >= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors)
• Stem cell infusions (with or without total-body irradiation [TBI]):
• Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem cell infusion including donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or boost infusion: >= 84 days after infusion and no evidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD)
• Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: >= 42 days
• Cellular therapy: >= 42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (e.g. modified T cells, natural killer (NK) cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
• X-ray therapy (XRT)/External Beam Irradiation including Protons: >= 14 days after local XRT; >= 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to >= 50% of the pelvis; >= 42 days if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation; note: radiation may not be delivered to "measurable disease" tumor site(s) being used to follow response to subprotocol treatment
• Radiopharmaceutical therapy (e.g., radiolabeled antibody, 131I-MIBG): >= 42 days after systemically administered radiopharmaceutical therapy
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement:
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment)
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study provided they meet the blood counts (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions); these patients will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 ml/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• Age: 1 to < 2 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 0.6; female 0.6
• Age: 2 to < 6 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 0.8; female 0.8
• Age: 6 to < 10 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1; female 1
• Age: 10 to < 13 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.2; female 1.2
• Age: 13 to < 16 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.5; female 1.4
• Age: >= 16 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.7; female 1.4
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine transferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L)
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients must be able to swallow intact capsules/tablets, unless otherwise specified in the subprotocol to which they are assigned
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Agent specific limitations on prior therapy will be included with specific treatment subprotocols
Exclusion Criteria:

• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events as seen in animal/human studies, or because there is currently no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities; pregnancy tests must be obtained in females who are post-menarchal; males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Concomitant medications
• Corticosteroids: at the time of consent and enrollment to regimen specific subprotocols, patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment to the subprotocol will not be eligible; if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Investigational drugs: patients must meet criteria for prior therapy at the time of consent and enrollment to a subprotocol; other investigational agents may not be administered to patients while they are receiving study drug as part of a subprotocol
• Anticancer agents: patients must meet criteria for prior therapy at the time of consent and enrollment to a subprotocol; other investigational agents may not be administered to patients while they are receiving study drug as part of a subprotocol
• Anti-GVHD agents post-transplant: patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients who have had a prior solid organ transplant are not eligible
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Additional agent specific criteria will be included with specific treatment subprotocols
Procedure: Biopsy, Procedure: Biospecimen Collection, Procedure: Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy, Procedure: Bone Scan, Procedure: Computed Tomography, Drug: Ensartinib, Drug: Erdafitinib, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Drug: Larotrectinib Sulfate, Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Procedure: Mutation Carrier Screening, Drug: Olaparib, Drug: Palbociclib, Other: Pharmacological Study, Procedure: Positron Emission Tomography, Procedure: Radionuclide Imaging, Drug: Samotolisib, Drug: Selpercatinib, Drug: Selumetinib Sulfate, Drug: Tazemetostat, Drug: Tipifarnib, Drug: Ulixertinib, Drug: Vemurafenib, Procedure: X-Ray Imaging
Recurrent Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma, Sarcoma, Recurrent Neuroblastoma, Malignant Glioma, Recurrent Osteosarcoma, Recurrent Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma, Recurrent Hepatoblastoma, Wilms Tumor, Recurrent Glioma, Refractory Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Stage III Soft Tissue Sarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IV Soft Tissue Sarcoma AJCC v7, Histiocytic Sarcoma, Juvenile Xanthogranuloma, Recurrent Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Recurrent Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Refractory Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Refractory Neuroblastoma, Rhabdoid Tumor, Stage III Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IV Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IVA Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IVB Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Recurrent Medulloblastoma, Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Refractory Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Recurrent Rhabdoid Tumor, Recurrent Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Refractory Medulloblastoma, Refractory Osteosarcoma, Refractory Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Refractory Rhabdoid Tumor, Recurrent Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Ann Arbor Stage III Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Ann Arbor Stage IV Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Refractory Ewing Sarcoma, Refractory Glioma, Refractory Hepatoblastoma, Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma, Recurrent Ependymoma, Refractory Primary Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Recurrent Primary Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Brain and Nervous System, Eye and Orbit, Anus, Bones and Joints, Breast - Female, Breast - Male, Cervix, Colon, Corpus Uteri, Ear, Esophagus, Gall Bladder, Head and Neck, Kidney, Larynx, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Liver, Lung/Thoracic, Melanoma, skin, Nose, Other Digestive Organ, Other Endocrine System, Other Female Genital, Other Male Genital, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Other Skin, Other Urinary, Ovary, Pancreas, Prostate, Rectum, Stomach, Throat, Thyroid, Urinary Bladder, Uterine (Endometrial), Vulva, Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma, Small Intestine, Soft Tissue
Children’s Health
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Neuroblastoma Maintenance Therapy Trial (NMTT)

Difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) will be used in an open label, single agent, multicenter, study for patients with neuroblastoma in remission. In this study subjects will receive 730 Days of oral difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) at a dose of 750 mg/m2 ± 250 mg/m2 BID (strata 1, 2, 3, and 4) OR 2500 mg/m2 BID (stratum 1B) on each day of study. This study will focus on the use of DFMO in high risk neuroblastoma patients that are in remission as a strategy to prevent recurrence.

Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu

Tanya Watt
128737
All
1 Year to 30 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02679144
STU 022016-028
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Inclusion Criteria:

• All patients must have a pathologically confirmed diagnosis of neuroblastoma, < 30.99 years of age and classified as high risk at the time of diagnosis. Exception: patients who are initially diagnosed as non-high-risk neuroblastoma, but later converted (and/or relapsed) to high risk neuroblastoma are also eligible.
• All patients must be in complete remission (CR):
• No evidence of residual disease on scan
• No evidence of disease metastatic to bone marrow.
• Specific Criteria by Stratum: Stratum 1/1B: All patients must have completed standard upfront therapy that replicates treatment which patients who were enrolled on ANBL0032 received, including: intensive induction chemotherapy and (if feasible) resection of primary tumor, followed by: consolidation with high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant and radiotherapy, followed by: immunotherapy with Ch14.18/IL-2/GM-CSF (dinutuximab) and retinoic acid;. All subjects on Stratum 1/B must have also met the following criteria: • A pre-transplant disease status evaluation that met International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria (INRC) for CR (complete response), VGPR (very good partial response), or PR (partial response) for primary site, soft tissue metastases and bone metastases. Patients who meet those criteria must also meet the protocol-specified criteria for bone marrow response prior to transplant as outlined below: No more than 10% tumor involvement (based on total nucleated cellular content) seen on any specimen from a bilateral bone marrow aspirate/biopsy. Stratum 2: Neuroblastoma that is in first complete remission following standard upfront therapy different from that described for Stratum 1. Stratum 3: Neuroblastoma that failed to have a response of at least PR following induction chemotherapy and surgical resection of the primary tumor, but that has achieved CR following additional therapy. Stratum 4: Patients who have achieved a second or subsequent CR following relapse(s).
• Pre-enrollment tumor survey: Prior to enrollment on this study, a determination of mandatory disease staging must be performed:
• Tumor imaging studies including
• Bilateral bone marrow aspirates and biopsy
• This disease assessment is required for eligibility and preferably should be done within 2 weeks prior to enrollment, but must be done within a maximum of 4 weeks before enrollment.
• Timing from prior therapy: Stratum 1/1B: Enrollment no later than 60 days after completion of upfront therapy, (last dose of cis-retinoic acid) with a maximum of 6 cycles of cis-retinoic acid maintenance therapy. Stratum 2, 3 and 4: Enrollment no later than 60 days from last dose of the most recent therapy.
• Patients must have a Lansky or Karnofsky Performance Scale score of > 50% and patients must have a life expectancy of ≥ 2 months.
• All clinical and laboratory studies for organ functions to determine eligibility must be performed within 7 days prior to enrollment unless otherwise indicated below.
• Patients must have adequate organ functions at the time of registration:
• Hematological: Total absolute phagocyte count ≥1000/μL
• Liver: Subjects must have adequate liver function
• Renal: Adequate renal function
• Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test. Patients of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective birth control method. Female patients who are lactating must agree to stop breast-feeding.
• Written informed consent in accordance with institutional and FDA (food and drug administration) guidelines must be obtained from all subjects (or patients' legal representative).
Exclusion Criteria:

• BSA (Body Surface Area) of <0.25 m2.
• Investigational Drugs: Subjects who are currently receiving another investigational drug are excluded from participation.
• Anti-cancer Agents: Subjects who are currently receiving other anticancer agents are not eligible. Subjects must have fully recovered from hematological and bone marrow suppression effects of prior chemotherapy.
• Infection: Subjects who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible until the infection is judged to be well controlled in the opinion of the investigator.
• Subjects who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study, or in whom compliance is likely to be suboptimal, should be excluded.
Drug: Difluoromethylornithine (DFMO)
Neuroblastoma, Brain and Nervous System
Children’s Health
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