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38 Study Matches

Study Of Palbociclib Combined With Chemotherapy In Pediatric Patients With Recurrent/Refractory Solid Tumors

This study will evaluate palbociclib in combination with chemotherapy (temozolomide with irinotecan and topotecan with cyclophosphamide) in children, adolescents and young adults with recurrent or refractory solid tumors. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of palbociclib in combination with chemotherapy in order to estimate the maximum tolerated dose. Pharmacokinetics and efficacy of palbociclib in combination with chemotherapy will be evaluated.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Tanya Watt
128737
All
2 Years to 20 Years old
Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03709680
STU-2019-0554
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Inclusion: 1. Histologically confirmed relapsed or refractory solid tumor as follows:
• For dose escalation and dose determination parts: Histologically confirmed relapsed or refractory solid tumor (including CNS tumors but not lymphomas). Patients with Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma do not require histological only radiographic confirmed relapse to enroll.
• For dose expansion and tumor specific cohorts: Histologically confirmed relapsed or refractory solid tumor including but not limited to EWS, rhabdoid tumor, rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, and medulloblastoma. Patients with Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma do not require histological only radiographic confirmed relapse to enroll. EWS is not eligible for TOPO and CTX tumor-specific cohorts. 2. Age ≥2 and <21 years at the time of study entry. 3. Lansky performance status ≥50% for patients ≤16 years of age, or Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0, 1 or 2 for patients >16 years of age. 4. Adequate bone marrow function.
• Absolute neutrophil count ≥1000/mm3;
• Platelet count ≥100,000/mm3 (transfusion independent);
• Hemoglobin ≥8.5 g/dL (transfusion allowed). 5. Adequate renal function: Serum creatinine level based on age/gender must within protocol specified limits. 6. Adequate liver function, including:
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤2.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN) or ≤5 × ULN for age, if attributable to disease involvement of the liver;
• Total bilirubin ≤1.5 × ULN for age. 7. Measurable disease as defined by RECIST version 1.1 or modified RANO criteria for CNS disease or INRC for neuroblastoma. 8. Recovered to CTCAE Grade ≤1, or to baseline, from any non-hematological acute toxicities of prior surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, differentiation therapy or biologic therapy, with the exception of alopecia. 9. Serum/urine pregnancy test (for all girls ≥8 years of age) negative at screening and at the baseline visit. 10. Evidence of a personally signed and dated informed consent document indicating that the patient or a legally acceptable representative/parent(s)/legal guardian of minors, has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the study. Minor study patients also must provide age appropriate assent according to the local guidelines, where applicable. 11. Willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests, and other procedures. Exclusion: 1. For palbociclib with IRN and TMZ combination, prior treatment with a CDK4/6 inhibitor or progression while on treatment with an IRN-containing regimen that includes TMZ. Patients who have received the combination of IRN and TMZ and did not progress while on these medications are eligible. For patients enrolling in the palbociclib with TOPO and CTX combination, prior treatment with a CDK4/6 inhibitor or progression while on treatment with a TOPO-containing regimen that includes CTX. Patients who have received the combination of TOPO and CTX and did not progress while on these medications are eligible. 2. Prior intolerability to IRN and/or TMZ, for palbociclib with IRN and TMZ combination and prior intolerability to TOPO and/or CTX for palbociclib with TOPO and CTX combination. 3. Use of strong cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A inhibitors or inducers. Patients who are receiving strong uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyl transferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) inhibitors within 12 days of Cycle 1 Day 1 (C1D1) are not eligible for the palbociclib with IRN and TMZ combination. Patients who are receiving strong UGT1A1 inhibitors within 12 days of C1D1 are eligible for the palbociclib with TOPO and CTX combination (See Section 5.7.1 for list of products.) 4. Prior growth factors (including filgrastim) within 7 days before study entry or PEG-filgrastim within 14 days before study entry. 5. Radiation therapy within 14 days before study entry. 6. Systemic anti cancer therapy within 2 weeks prior to study entry and 6 weeks for nitrosoureas. 7. Previous high dose chemotherapy requiring stem cell rescue within 90 days or persistent AE >Grade 1. 8. Prior irradiation to >50% of the bone marrow (see Appendix 9). 9. Participation in other studies involving investigational drug(s) within 2 weeks or 5 half lives, whichever is longer, prior to study entry. 10. Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to study entry. Surgical biopsies or central line placement are not considered major surgeries. 11. Known or suspected hypersensitivity to palbociclib, IRN and/or TMZ. 12. Patients with known symptomatic brain tumors or brain metastases and require steroids, unless they have been on a stable or on a decreasing steroid dose for >14 days. 13. Patients with previously diagnosed brain metastases are eligible if they have completed their prior treatment and have recovered from the acute effects of radiation therapy or surgery prior to study entry for these metastases for at least 14 days post radiation and 4 weeks post-surgery and are neurologically stable. 14. Hereditary bone marrow failure disorder. 15. QTc >470 msec. 16. History of clinically significant or uncontrolled cardiac disease, including:
• History of or active congestive heart failure; if patient had congestive heart failure resolve and >1 year from resolution, patient will be considered eligible;
• Clinically significant ventricular arrhythmia (such as ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation or Torsades de Pointes);
• Diagnosed or suspected congenital or acquired prolonged QT syndrome;
• Need for medications known to prolong the QT interval;
• Uncorrected hypomagnesemia or hypokalemia because of potential effects on the QT interval;
• Left ventricular ejection fraction <50% or shortening fraction <28%. 17. Recent or ongoing clinically significant gastrointestinal disorder that may interfere with absorption of orally administered drugs (eg, gastrectomy). 18. Evidence of serious active or uncontrolled bacterial, fungal or viral infection or known history of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, or human immunodeficiency virus infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related illness. 19. Other severe acute or chronic medical or laboratory test abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results, and in the judgment of the Investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study. 20. Investigator site staff members directly involved in the conduct of the study and their family members, site staff members otherwise supervised by the investigator, or patients who are Pfizer employees, including their family members, directly involved in the conduct of the study. 21. Fertile male patients and female patients of childbearing potential who are unwilling or unable to use a highly effective method of contraception as outlined in this protocol for the duration of the study and for at least 90 after the last dose of investigational product.
Drug: Palbociclib, Drug: Temozolomide, Drug: Irinotecan, Drug: Topotecan, Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Neuroblastoma, Solid Tumors, Ewing Sarcoma, Medulloblastoma, Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Rhabdoid Tumor
Solid tumor, EWS, RMS, NBL, Brain, tumor
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Neurocognitive Decline in Patients With Brain Metastases

The phase I component of the study is to identify maximal tolerated dose (MTD). The phase II is to evaluate neurocognitive decline.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Zabihullah Wardak
147951
All
18 Years and over
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03508752
STU 122016-064
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. Age ≥ 18 years. 2. ECOG Performance Score of 2 or better/Karnofsky Performance score of 50-60 or better. 3. Biopsy-proven non-hematopoietic malignancy, except for germ cell cancer. Small cell lung carcinoma is eligible for this study 4. Six or more metastases on diagnostic or treatment planning imaging, which include either CT Brain (with contrast) or MR Brain (with or without contrast) imaging. 5. Largest tumor <4 cm 6. No prior SRS to the lesions which will be treated on protocol. 7. Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 90 days following completion of therapy. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. 8. A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, marital status, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:
• Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
• Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months). 9 Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.
Exclusion Criteria:
1. Prior whole brain radiotherapy 2. Patients with leptomeningeal metastasis. (NOTE: For the purposes of exclusion, LMD is a clinical diagnosis, defined as positive CSF cytology and/or equivocal radiologic or clinical evidence of leptomeningeal involvement. Patients with leptomeningeal symptoms in the setting of leptomeningeal enhancement by imaging (MRI) would be considered to have LMD even in the absence of positive CSF cytology, unless a parenchymal lesion can adequately explain the neurologic symptoms and/or signs. In contrast, an asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patient with mild or nonspecific leptomeningeal enhancement (MRI) would not be considered to have LMD. In that patient, CSF sampling is not required to formally exclude LMD, but can be performed at the investigator's discretion based on level of clinical suspicion.) 3. Patients with life expectancy < 4 months 4. Psychiatric illness/social situations that, in the opinion of the investigator, would limit compliance with study requirements. 5. Subjects must not be pregnant or nursing due to the potential for congenital abnormalities and the potential of this regimen to harm nursing infants
Radiation: Stereotactic Radiosurgery
Brain Metastases, Brain and Nervous System
UT Southwestern; Children’s Health
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Ropidoxuridine and Whole Brain Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Brain Metastases

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of ropidoxuridine when given together with whole brain radiation therapy in treating patients with cancer that has spread to the brain (brain metastases). Ropidoxuridine may help whole brain radiation therapy work better by making cancer cells more sensitive to the radiation therapy.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Zabihullah Wardak
147951
All
18 Years and over
Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02993146
STU-2019-0557
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must have histologically confirmed malignancy with brain metastases and are being recommended palliative WBRT
• Life expectancy of greater than 2 months to allow completion of study treatment and assessment of dose-limiting toxicity
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
• Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
• Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/mcL
• Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
• Calculated creatinine clearance >= 45 mL/min/1.73 m^2
• Total bilirubin:
• If no known liver metastases: total bilirubin < 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
• If known liver metastases, then: total bilirubin < 2.5 x ULN
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]):
• If no known liver metastases: AST/SGOT and ALT/SGPT both < 2 x ULN
• If known liver metastases, then: AST/SGOT and ALT/SGPT both < 5 x ULN
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive (+) patients with CD4 counts >= 250 cells/mm^3 on anti-viral therapy are eligible for the study
• Negative urine or serum pregnancy test result for females of child bearing potential only; Note: The effects of IPdR on the developing human fetus are unknown; for this reason and because radiation therapy is known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men and women treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of IPdR administration
• Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
Exclusion Criteria:

• Presence of diffuse lepto or pachy meningeal carcinomatosis (focal/localized involvement from limited meningeal based metastases acceptable), greater than 1 cm mid-line shift, uncal herniation, or severe hemorrhage/hydrocephalous (small intra-lesional hemorrhage or anticipated surgical cavity is acceptable); patients with seizure at presentation who have been started on levetiracetam and have been stable for 48 hours prior to study registration are eligible at the discretion of treating physician
• Patients who have received systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy or approved oral targeted therapy or immunotherapy for 2 weeks, or other investigational agents for 3 weeks (4 half-lives for any oral targeted agents), or radiotherapy to a non-brain site for 2 weeks before initiation of IPdR therapy; patients who have recovered from serious (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] grade 3 or more higher) to grade 1 or less adverse events from the previous therapies are eligible; prior/current/future hormonal therapy and/or bisphosphonates are permitted with no minimum interval to initiation of study therapy; if indicated, patients can receive palliative radiation therapy to a non-brain site concurrent or immediately post-study treatment with no minimum interval to initiation of study therapy
• Patients must not have received prior whole brain radiation therapy; previous SRS/SRT done at least 3 weeks from the planned start of IPdR therapy is acceptable; SRS/SRT/fractionated boosts or neurosurgery can be performed once the dose limiting toxicity (DLT) assessment has been completed, if felt clinically necessary
• Patients with primary tumors including germ cell tumor, or lymphoma/leukemia
• Patients who are receiving any other investigational agent
• Patients needing more than 8 mg dexamethasone per day at the time of start of WBRT will not be eligible to participate in the study; however, patients will be allowed entry into the study if it is medically safe to reduce the daily dose of dexamethasone to 8 mg or less from the day of the start of WBRT; the dexamethasone dose for such patients may be increased beyond 8 mg per day during the course of treatment if medically necessary; this increased need for dose should be communicated to the study's principal investigator, Dr Mohindra at the University of Maryland
• History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to IPdR
• Uncontrolled intercurrent illness if it would increase the risk of toxicity or limit compliance with study requirements; this includes, but is not limited to, ongoing uncontrolled serious infection requiring intravenous (i.v.) antibiotics, progressive congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
• Pregnant women are excluded from this study because IPdR is an agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with IPdR, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with IPdR
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Other: Pharmacological Study, Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Drug: Ropidoxuridine, Radiation: Whole-Brain Radiotherapy
Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm in the Brain, Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Cell Neoplasm, Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Brain and Nervous System
UT Southwestern
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DSC-MRI in Measuring Relative Cerebral Blood Volume for Early Response to Bevacizumab in Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma

This phase II trial studies how well dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DSC-MRI) works in measuring relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) for early response to bevacizumab in patients with glioblastoma that has come back. DSC-MRI may help evaluate changes in the blood vessels within the cancer to determine a patient?s response to treatment.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Marco Da Cunha Pinho
134506
All
18 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03115333
STU 122017-067
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Histologically proven intracranial glioblastoma or gliosarcoma at initial surgery
• Patients will be eligible if the original histology was low-grade glioma and a subsequent diagnosis of glioblastoma or gliosarcoma is made (high-grade transformation)
• Karnofsky performance status >= 70
• Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding
• Progression of disease assessed by local site using Revised Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria, with plan to give whole-dose bevacizumab therapeutically, either as single therapy or in conjunction with other chemotherapeutic regimens; patients getting bevacizumab to support additional radiation therapy or immunotherapy, or primarily for reduction of edema rather than for tumor treatment, are excluded; this must be the patient?s initial recurrence
• Patient must not have been treated previously with immunotherapies (vaccines, checkpoint inhibitors, T-cells)
• Intratumoral hemorrhage (acute, subacute, or chronic) as seen on hemosiderin-sensitive (gradient-echo) MRI may preclude patient inclusion because of anticipated limited evaluation due to magnetic susceptibility artifact on the heavily T2-weighted DSC-MRI images; if the region of enhancing tumor not affected by blooming artifact on the hemosiderin-sensitive images does not meet the 10 x 10 x 10 mm ?measurable enhancement? threshold specified elsewhere, the patient is ineligible
• Progressive enhancement (> 25% increase in contrast enhancing volume compared to nadir) on MRI within 14 days of registration, >= 42 days since completion of radiation/temozolomide therapy, and >= 28 days since surgical resection or cytotoxic chemotherapy; measurable enhancement is defined as two perpendicular in-plane diameters of at least 10 mm and at least 10 mm in the 3rd orthogonal direction
• Patients must be able to tolerate brain MRI scans with dynamic intravenous gadolinium-based contrast agent injections
• Ability to withstand 22 gauge intravenous (IV) placement
• No history of untreatable claustrophobia
• No magnetic resonance (MR) incompatible implants/devices or metallic foreign bodies
• No contraindication to intravenous contrast administration
• Adequate organ function, including adequate renal function defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >= 40 mL/min/1.73 m^2 as calculated per institution standard of care, and meeting local site requirements for intravenous administration of gadolinium-based MRI contrast agents
• No known allergy-like reaction to gadolinium or moderate or severe allergic reactions to one or more allergens as defined by the American College of Radiology (ACR); patient may be eligible if willing to undergo pre-treatment as defined by the institution's policy and/or ACR guidance
• Weight compatible with limits imposed by the MRI scanner table
• Patient must be scheduled to receive treatment with a standard dose regimen of bevacizumab (bevacizumab infusion on days 1 and 15 of a 28-day treatment cycle); patient can be treated with bevacizumab alone or in combination with other chemotherapies
Exclusion Criteria:
(see Inclusion Criteria)
Diagnostic Test: Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Gliosarcoma, Recurrent Glioblastoma, Brain and Nervous System
UT Southwestern
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Non-Contrast Perfusion Using Arterial Spin Labeled MR Imaging for Assessment of Therapy Response in Glioblastoma

MRI including ASL will be performed before, during and after the treatment, in a total of 7 MRI sessions until 8 months after the first session. Thereafter, patients will be followed through standard clinical examinations for the next 3 years or until demise, whichever occurs first. Clinically, GBM patients are imaged every 8-weeks, beginning at 10 weeks after the completion of chemoradiation, since morphological (i.e. size) changes are not anticipated earlier. However, our preliminary experience and others have shown functional changes including perfusion and diffusion as early as 3-weeks after the initiation of the treatment . Thus, our T10, T18, T26 and T34 MRI sessions will be performed along with the clinical imaging sessions, while the T3 and T6 MRI sessions will be performed additionally for this proposal. All MR imaging sessions will be scheduled within ±1 or ±2 weeks of the target time period, as indicated in the table. MRI including ASL will be performed before, during and after the treatment, in a total of 7 MRI sessions until 8 months after the first session. The research MR imaging may take approximately an additional 15 minutes per each imaging session. However, the T3, and T6 MR imaging sessions will be performed additionally for the purpose of this study, with each taking approximately one hour. Thereafter, patients will be followed through standard clinical examinations for the next 3 years or until demise, whichever occurs first.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Ananth Madhuranthakam
131918
All
18 Years and over
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03922984
STU 032018-079
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients with histologically proven GBM
• Newly diagnosed GBM. Prior surgery is allowed, but should not have started any other treatment such as chemotherapy, radiation treatment, and anti-angiogenic therapy.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1, or 2
• Women of child-bearing potential must agree to undergo a urine pregnancy screening per standard Radiology departmental protocol, in place to prevent imaging of pregnant patients. A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria: 1) Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
• Scheduled to undergo chemoradiation.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Subjects who have had prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
• Subjects may not be receiving any other investigational agents at the time of enrollment.
• Subjects must not be pregnant since pregnancy is a contraindication to administration of gadolinium-based contrast agents.
• Any contraindication to MRI per Radiology Department's routine protocol, e.g. MRI-incompatible objects, including but not limited to medical devices (e.g. pacemakers, automated implantable cardioverter defibrillators, etc.) and other foreign bodies.
• Known severe allergic reaction to Gadolinium-based contrast agents.
• Patients with sickle cell disease and patients with other hemolytic anemias (low red blood count in body).
• Patients with uncontrollable claustrophobia, severe lower back pain, and uncontrollable tremors, to the point that it would render them unable to tolerate an MRI study.
Procedure: MRI with Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL)
Glioblastoma, Brain and Nervous System
magnetic resonance imaging, arterial spin labeling
UT Southwestern
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A Trial to Evaluate Multiple Regimens in Newly Diagnosed and Recurrent Glioblastoma (GBM AGILE)

Glioblastoma (GBM) adaptive, global, innovative learning environment (GBM AGILE) is an international, seamless Phase II/III response adaptive randomization platform trial designed to evaluate multiple therapies in newly diagnosed (ND) and recurrent GBM.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Edward Pan
138922
All
18 Years and over
Phase 2/Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03970447
STU-2019-1281
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Newly Diagnosed
Inclusion Criteria:

• Age ≥ 18 years.
• Histologically confirmed Grade IV GBM/gliosarcoma established following either a surgical resection or biopsy.
• Karnofsky performance status ≥ 60% performed within a 14-day window prior to randomization.
• Availability of tumor tissue representative of GBM from definitive surgery or biopsy. Recurrent
Inclusion Criteria:

• Age ≥ 18 years.
• Histologically confirmed GBM/gliosarcoma (WHO criteria; non-IDH R132H mutant) at first or second recurrence after initial standard, control or experimental therapy that includes at a minimum Radiation Therapy (RT).
• Evidence of recurrent disease (RD) demonstrated by disease progression using slightly modified Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria.
• Karnofsky performance status ≥ 70% performed within a 14-day window prior to randomization.
• Availability of tumor tissue representative of GBM from initial definitive surgery and/or, recurrent surgery, if performed. Newly Diagnosed
Exclusion Criteria:

• Any prior treatment for glioma including: prior prolifeprospan 20 with carmustine wafer; prior intracerebral agent; prior radiation treatment for GBM or lower-grade glioma; prior chemotherapy or immunotherapy for GBM or lower-grade glioma.
• Receiving additional, concurrent, active therapy for GBM outside of the trial
• Extensive leptomeningeal disease.
• QTc > 450 msec if male and QTc > 470 msec if female.
• History of another malignancy in the previous 3 years, with a disease-free interval of < 3 years. Patients with prior history of in situ cancer or basal or squamous cell skin cancer are eligible. Recurrent
Exclusion Criteria:

• Early disease progression prior to 3 months (12 weeks) from the completion of RT.
• More than 2 prior lines for chemotherapy administration. (NOTE: In the 1st line adjuvant setting, combination of Temozolomide (TMZ) with an experimental agent, is considered one line of chemotherapy.)
• Any prior treatment with bevacizumab or other VEG)- or VEGF receptor-mediated targeted agent.
• Any prior treatment with prolifeprospan 20 with carmustine wafer.
• Any prior treatment with an intracerebral agent.
• Receiving additional, concurrent, active therapy for GBM outside of the trial
• Extensive leptomeningeal disease.
• QTc > 450 msec if male and QTc > 470 msec if female.
• History of another malignancy in the previous 2 years, with a disease-free interval of < 2 years. Participant with prior history of in situ cancer or basal or squamous cell skin cancer are eligible.
Drug: Temozolomide, Drug: Lomustine, Drug: Regorafenib, Radiation: Radiation, Drug: Paxalisib, Drug: VAL-083
Glioblastoma, Brain and Nervous System
Glioblastoma, Newly diagnosed, recurrent, O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) methylated, MGMT unmethylated, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) wild-type, Bayesian, adaptive randomization, Master Protocol, Platform Trial, Phase 2, Phase 3
UT Southwestern
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Phase II Pediatric Study With Dabrafenib in Combination With Trametinib in Patients With HGG and LGG

The purpose of this study is to investigate the activity of dabrafenib in combination with trametinib in children and adolescent patients with BRAF V600 mutation positive low grade glioma or relapsed or refractory high grade glioma.
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Tanya Watt
128737
All
12 Months to 17 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02684058
STU 032016-044
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Diagnosis of BRAF V600 mutant High Grade glioma that has relapsed, progressed or failed to respond to frontline therapy
• Diagnosis of BRAF V600 mutant Low Grade glioma with progressive disease following surgical excision, or non-surgical candidates with necessity to begin first systemic treatment because of a risk of neurological impairment with progression.
• Confirmed measurable disease
Exclusion Criteria:

• Previous treatment with dabrafenib, trametinib, other RAF inhibitor, other MEK or ERK inhibitor
• HGG patient: Cancer treatment within the past 3 weeks. LGG patient: Any systemic therapy or radiotherapy prior to enrollment
• LGG patients: history of allergic reaction or contraindications to the use of carboplatin or vincristine
• Stem cell transplant within the past 3 months
• History of heart disease
• Pregnant or lactating females Other protocol-defined Inclusion/exclusion may apply.
Drug: dabrafenib, Drug: trametinib, Drug: Carboplatin with vincristine
Glioblastoma, Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Diffuse Astrocytoma, Astrocytoma, Oligodendroglioma, Childhood, Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma, Pilocytic Astrocytoma, Giant Cell Astrocytoma, Pleomorphic Xanthoastrocytoma, Anaplastic Pleomorphic Xanthoastrocytoma, Angiocentric Glioma, Chordoid Glioma of Third Ventricle, Gangliocytoma, Ganglioglioma, Anaplastic Ganglioglioma, Dysplastic Gangliocytoma of Cerebrellum, Desmoplastic Infantile Astrocytoma and Ganglioglioma, Papillary Glioneuronal Tumor, Rosette-forming Glioneurona Tumor, Central Neurocytoma, Extraventricular Neurocytoma, Cerebellar Iponeurocytoma, Eye and Orbit
Malignant glioma, BRAF mutant positive, High grade glioma, Low grade glioma, Dabrafenib, Trametinib, Pediatrics, Brain neoplasma
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Neuroblastoma Maintenance Therapy Trial (NMTT)

Difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) will be used in an open label, single agent, multicenter, study for patients with neuroblastoma in remission. In this study subjects will receive 730 Days of oral difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) at a dose of 750 mg/m2 ± 250 mg/m2 BID (strata 1, 2, 3, and 4) OR 2500 mg/m2 BID (stratum 1B) on each day of study. This study will focus on the use of DFMO in high risk neuroblastoma patients that are in remission as a strategy to prevent recurrence.
Call 833-722-6237
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Tanya Watt
128737
All
1 Year to 30 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02679144
STU 022016-028
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Inclusion Criteria:

• All patients must have a pathologically confirmed diagnosis of neuroblastoma, < 30.99 years of age and classified as high risk at the time of diagnosis. Exception: patients who are initially diagnosed as non-high-risk neuroblastoma, but later converted (and/or relapsed) to high risk neuroblastoma are also eligible.
• All patients must be in complete remission (CR): 1. No evidence of residual disease on scan 2. No evidence of disease metastatic to bone marrow.
• Specific Criteria by Stratum: Stratum 1/1B: All patients must have completed standard upfront therapy that replicates treatment which patients who were enrolled on ANBL0032 received, including: intensive induction chemotherapy and (if feasible) resection of primary tumor, followed by: consolidation with high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant and radiotherapy, followed by: immunotherapy with Ch14.18/IL-2/GM-CSF (dinutuximab) and retinoic acid;. All subjects on Stratum 1/B must have also met the following criteria: • A pre-transplant disease status evaluation that met International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria (INRC) for CR (complete response), VGPR (very good partial response), or PR (partial response) for primary site, soft tissue metastases and bone metastases. Patients who meet those criteria must also meet the protocol-specified criteria for bone marrow response prior to transplant as outlined below: No more than 10% tumor involvement (based on total nucleated cellular content) seen on any specimen from a bilateral bone marrow aspirate/biopsy. Stratum 2: Neuroblastoma that is in first complete remission following standard upfront therapy different from that described for Stratum 1. Stratum 3: Neuroblastoma that failed to have a response of at least PR following induction chemotherapy and surgical resection of the primary tumor, but that has achieved CR following additional therapy. Stratum 4: Patients who have achieved a second or subsequent CR following relapse(s).
• Pre-enrollment tumor survey: Prior to enrollment on this study, a determination of mandatory disease staging must be performed:
• Tumor imaging studies including
• Bilateral bone marrow aspirates and biopsy
• This disease assessment is required for eligibility and preferably should be done within 2 weeks prior to enrollment, but must be done within a maximum of 4 weeks before enrollment.
• Timing from prior therapy: Stratum 1/1B: Enrollment no later than 60 days after completion of upfront therapy, (last dose of cis-retinoic acid) with a maximum of 6 cycles of cis-retinoic acid maintenance therapy. Stratum 2, 3 and 4: Enrollment no later than 60 days from last dose of the most recent therapy.
• Patients must have a Lansky or Karnofsky Performance Scale score of > 50% and patients must have a life expectancy of ≥ 2 months.
• All clinical and laboratory studies for organ functions to determine eligibility must be performed within 7 days prior to enrollment unless otherwise indicated below.
• Patients must have adequate organ functions at the time of registration:
• Hematological: Total absolute phagocyte count ≥1000/μL
• Liver: Subjects must have adequate liver function
• Renal: Adequate renal function
• Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test. Patients of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective birth control method. Female patients who are lactating must agree to stop breast-feeding.
• Written informed consent in accordance with institutional and FDA (food and drug administration) guidelines must be obtained from all subjects (or patients' legal representative).
Exclusion Criteria:

• BSA (Body Surface Area) of <0.25 m2.
• Investigational Drugs: Subjects who are currently receiving another investigational drug are excluded from participation.
• Anti-cancer Agents: Subjects who are currently receiving other anticancer agents are not eligible. Subjects must have fully recovered from hematological and bone marrow suppression effects of prior chemotherapy.
• Infection: Subjects who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible until the infection is judged to be well controlled in the opinion of the investigator.
• Subjects who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study, or in whom compliance is likely to be suboptimal, should be excluded.
Drug: Difluoromethylornithine (DFMO)
Neuroblastoma, Brain and Nervous System
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Radiation Therapy Plus Temozolomide and Pembrolizumab With and Without HSPPC-96 in Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma (GBM)

Background: GBM refers to a specific kind of brain cancer called glioblastoma. The standard treatment for GBM is radiation plus temozolomide, an oral chemotherapy drug. Pembrolizumab is an immune therapy that is now used to treat other cancers. The addition of pembrolizumab to the standard treatment of radiation and temozolomide has been shown to be well tolerated. Researchers want to see if adding a vaccine made from the person s own tumor will improve the effect of the pembrolizumab. The vaccine which is developed from fresh tumor taken at the time of surgery is called HSPPC-96. Objectives: To see if the adding pembrolizumab and HSPPC-96 improves the standard treatment for glioblastoma multiforme. Eligibility: Adults at least 18 years old with glioblastoma. Design: Participants will be screened with typical cancer tests: Brain scan Medical history Blood and urine tests Questions about quality of life and symptoms These tests will be repeated throughout the study. Participants will have surgery to remove their tumor. A tissue sample from the tumor will be sent to a lab. A vaccine will be made from it. Some participants will get pembrolizumab and vaccine. Some will get pembrolizumab and placebo. Participants will not know which they get. Participants will get radiation for 6 weeks. Participants will take temozolomide by mouth before each treatment. Participants will get pembrolizumab by IV for 30 minutes 3 times over the radiation cycle. Participants will keep taking the 2 drugs every few weeks for about a year. Some may take pembrolizumab for an additional year. Most participants will get the vaccine or placebo after radiation. They will get it 5 times over 6 weeks. Some participants will continue to get the vaccine every few weeks for 1 or 2 years. Participants will repeat the screening tests when they stop study treatment. They will also have follow-up phone calls.
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Edward Pan
138922
All
18 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03018288
STU-2019-0940
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• INCLUSION CRITERIA: Pre Surgery (Step 1)
• MRI findings consistent with a suspected GBM or a histologically confirmed newly diagnosed GBM that has not been treated and would benefit from further surgical resection. As vaccine needs to be generated from the patient s tumor, patients will need to be identified prior to definitive surgery.
• Age greater than or equal to 18 years on day of signing informed consent.
• Karnofsky performance status greater than or equal to 70%.
• Tumor must be supratentorial only.
• Stereotactic biopsy will not be allowed unless there is plans for second surgery to remove greater than or equal to 80 % of the tumor.
• No prior treatment with radiation or chemotherapy for their GBM.
• No prior treatment with carmustine wafers. Post-Surgery for vaccine or placebo (Step 2):
• Pathology must be a GBM, MGMT promoter region determined to be unmethylated and IDH wild type. Greater than or equal to 80 % resection of contrast enhanced tumor on post operative MRI is required for randomization, otherwise treatment will occur on the ancillary arm.
• Treatment must be initiated greater than or equal to 14 days and < 6 weeks from surgery.
• Craniotomy site must be adequately healed and free of drainage or cellulitis, and the underlying cranioplasty must appear intact at the time of radiation. Radiation must start within 6 weeks of surgery.
• Dexamethasone dose should be less than or equal to 4 mg/day or steroid equivalent prior to starting treatment. If higher doses are needed, consult with Study Chair.
• Female subjects of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 7 days prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a negative serum pregnancy test will be required.
• Patients must have adequate organ and bone marrow function within 14 days prior to step 2 registration, as defined below:
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1.5 (SqrRoot) 10(9)/L; platelet count > 100 (SqrRoot) 10(9)/L; and hemoglobin (Hb) >9.0 g/dL within 7 days prior to step 2 registration. Note: The use of transfusion or other intervention to achieve Hb greater than or equal to 9.0 g/dL is acceptable.
• Total bilirubin < 1.5 (SqrRoot) ULN (except in patients diagnosed with Gilbert s disease)
• AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) < 2.5 (SqrRoot) ULN
• Serum creatinine < 1.5 (SqrRoot) ULN
• International normalized ratio (INR), prothrombin time (PT), or activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) as follows: In the absence of therapeutic intent to anticoagulate the patient: INR < 1.5 or PT < 1.5(SqrRoot) ULN or aPTT < 1.5(SqrRoot) ULN. In the presence of therapeutic intent to anticoagulate the patient: INR or PT and aPTT within therapeutic limits (according to the medical standard in the institution) and the patient has been on a stable dose of anticoagulants for at least 2 weeks before registration.
• Females of child-bearing potential (FOCBP) and males must agree to use two adequate contraception methods (give examples, e.g. hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 120 days following completion of therapy. Should a female patient become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Male patients who father a child should notify the treating physician. NOTE: A FOCBP is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria: 1. Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy 2. Has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months (and therefore has not been naturally postmenopausal for > 12 months)
• Patients must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent prior to registration on study.
• Diagnosis must be made by surgical excision.
• Patients should not be on antibiotics for any infection but post operative antibiotics are allowed if used prophylactically but should be completed prior to starting RT. EXCLUSION CRITERIA:
• Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents.
• Known history of immunodeficiency (HIV). This medical entity can be exacerbated by PD-1 blockade.
• Any form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment excluding steroids. Attempts should be made to have patient on lowest possible dose of steroids. These medical entities can be exacerbated by PD-1 blockade.
• History of another malignancy in the previous 3 years, with a disease-free interval of < 3 years. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy. Patients who have undergone a bne marrow or stem-cell transplant for any malignancy are excluded.
• Has an active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within the past 3 months or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that requires chronic systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents. Subjects with vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy would be an exception to this rule. Subjects that require intermittent use of bronchodilators or local steroid injections will not be excluded from the study. Subjects with hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement or Sjorgen s syndrome will not be excluded from the study.
• Has a history of interstitial lung disease, non-infectious pneumonitis or pneumonitis.
• Has an active infection requiring systemic antibiotics within 10 days of surgery.
• Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject s participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator. Examples include:
• Hypertension (defined as 160/95) that is not controlled on medication
• Ongoing or active infection requiring systemic treatment
• Symptomatic congestive heart failure
• Unstable angina pectoris
• Cardiac arrhythmia
• Psychiatric illness/social situations or substance abuse disorders that would limit compliance with study requirements
• Any other illness or condition that the treating investigator feels would interfere with study compliance or would compromise the patient s safety or study endpoints.
• Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.
• The effects of pembrolizumab and HSPPC-96 on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason and because checkpoint inhibitors and immunotherapeutic vaccines as well as other therapeutic agents used in this trial are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry,and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
• Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti- Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibody (including ipilimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways).
• On treatment for Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C or history of TB.
• Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
• Patients who have a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to Pembrolizumab are not eligible. Known hypersensitivity to any excipients of Pembrolizumab.
Drug: Pembrolizumab, Biological: HSPPC-96, Drug: Temozolomide, Other: Placebo
Glioblastoma, Brain and Nervous System
Malignant Gliomas, Immunotherapy
UT Southwestern
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Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) for Brain Metastasis (SRS)

SRS dose escalation for brain metastases in radiation-naïve patients will establish true tolerable doses, which may exceed the current standard doses. This may lead to an improvement in local control, patient survival, and/or quality-of life.
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Robert Timmerman
69821
All
18 Years and over
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02645487
STU 022015-106
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Inclusion Criteria 1. Biopsy-proven non-hematopoietic malignancy, except for small cell lung cancer, germ cell cancer, or unknown primary tumor. 2. Radiographic evidence by MRI (or by CT scan with CT contrast if ineligible or intolerant of MRI) of brain metastasis. (If patient is unable to tolerate MRI contrast, an MRI without contrast is acceptable if lesions are visible) 3. All brain metastases must be outside the brain stem (midbrain, pons and medulla). 4. Patient must have 10 or less brain metastases. 5. The maximum diameter of any lesion must be less than or equal to 3.0 cm. 6. Previous treatment with surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, immunotherapy or any targeted agents are allowed provided that:
• Radiation was not to the brain.
• Surgery to the brain was > 7 days prior to SRS and there remains at least one additional brain metastasis that can be targeted with SRS 7. Age ≥ 18 years. 8. ECOG Performance Score of 2 or better/Karnofsky Performance Status score of 50-60 or better. 9. All men, as well as women of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. 10. A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:
• Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
• Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months). 11. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent. Exclusion Criteria 1. Patients had craniotomy and surgery to the brain within 7 days from the date of SRS. 2. Patients with leptomeningeal metastasis. NOTE: For the purposes of exclusion, LMD is a clinical diagnosis, defined as positive CSF cytology and/or equivocal radiologic or clinical evidence of leptomeningeal involvement. Patients with leptomeningeal symptoms in the setting of leptomeningeal enhancement by imaging (MRI) would be considered to have LMD even in the absence of positive CSF cytology, unless a parenchymal lesion can adequately explain the neurologic symptoms and/or signs. In contrast, an asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patient with mild or nonspecific leptomeningeal enhancement (MRI) would not be considered to have LMD. In that patient, CSF sampling is not required to formally exclude LMD, but can be performed at the investigator's discretion based on level of clinical suspicion. 3. Patients with a contraindication to both MRI (with or without contrast) and CT scan (with contrast) 4. Patients with life expectancy < 3 months. 5. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that, in the opinion of the investigator, would limit compliance with study requirements. 6. Subjects must not be pregnant or nursing at the time of SRS treatment due to the potential for congenital abnormalities and the potential of this regimen to harm nursing infants.
Radiation: Stereotactic Radiosurgery
Brain Neoplasms, Adult, Malignant, Lymphoma, Sarcoma, Multiple Myeloma, Brain and Nervous System, Other, Eye and Orbit, Anklylosing Spondylitis, Anus, Bones and Joints, Breast - Female, Breast - Male, Cardiovascular, Cervix, Colon, Corpus Uteri, Ear, Esophagus, Gall Bladder, Head and Neck, Kidney, Larynx, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Liver, Lung/Thoracic, Melanoma, skin, Nose, Other Digestive Organ, Other Endocrine System, Other Female Genital, Other Male Genital, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Other Skin, Other Urinary, Ovary, Pancreas, Prostate, Rectum, Stomach, Throat, Thyroid, Urinary Bladder, Uterine (Endometrial), Vulva, Hodgkins Lymphoma, Lymphoid Leukemia, Small Intestine, Soft Tissue
UT Southwestern; Children’s Health
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Computer Training Program for Younger Patients With a Brain Tumor Who Underwent Radiation Therapy

This randomized clinical trial studies how well an adaptive computerized cognitive training program works compared to a non-adaptive computerized cognitive training program in treating younger patients with brain tumor who underwent radiation therapy. Providing a computer training program may improve the well-being and quality of life of patients with cognitive (physical and mental) function difficulties caused by radiation therapy to the brain.
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Naomi Winick
18066
All
6 Years to 16 Years old
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT01503086
STU 022014-019
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patient must be newly diagnosed or relapsed/progressed with a brain tumor that has not previously been treated with CRT
• Note: COG therapeutic study participation is not required for ACCL10P1 enrollment
• Patient enrollment must occur within 4 calendar months following completion of CRT
• Reminder: after patient enrollment, baseline testing followed by randomization must occur within 2-4 months after completion of CRT
• The patient must have an identified caregiver who is willing and able to oversee the training practice during the intervention period (ie, for 5-9 weeks starting approximately 3 months after completion of CRT)
• The patient must have access to a telephone and phone number where they can be reached
• The patient and caregiver must have reading, speaking and listening comprehension of English
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent (patient assent is also recommended when applicable according to each institution's policy)
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with pontine glioma are not eligible
• Patients with an estimated survival of less than one year are not eligible
• Patients with a history of traumatic brain injury prior to tumor diagnosis are not eligible
• Patients with a motor, visual, or auditory handicap that prevents computer use (e.g., unresolved posterior fossa syndrome) are not eligible to participate in this trial
• Patients with full-scale intelligence quotient (IQ) < 70 per previous testing OR existing diagnosis of/educational classification as a student with an intellectual disability are not eligible
Procedure: Cognitive Assessment, Other: Computer-Assisted Cognitive Training, Procedure: Psychosocial Assessment and Care, Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Other: Questionnaire Administration
Brain Neoplasm, Recurrent Brain Neoplasm, Brain and Nervous System
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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A Study of Therapeutic Iobenguane (131-I) for Relapsed, High-Risk Neuroblastoma Subjects (OPTIMUM)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 131I-MIBG in patients with neuroblastoma, who relapsed.
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Tanya Watt
128737
All
1 Year and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03561259
STU 042016-029
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. Subjects with a diagnosis of iobenguane avid, relapsed, high-risk neuroblastoma based on revised INRC criteria who have completed at least one cycle of induction and consolidation therapy with an INRC criterion of partial response or better, and then showed new progressive disease (revised INRC criteria progressive disease) as described in Park, et al. (2017).This may include one or more of the following drugs: cyclophosphamide or ifosfamide, cisplatin or carboplatin, vincristine, doxorubicin (adriamycin), etoposide, topotecan, and/or busulfan and melphalan (sometimes used during stem cell transplant) and/or immunotherapy. (If a subject is symptomatic and for logistical reasons cannot be treated immediately with 131I-MIBG, 1 to 2 cycles of "bridging chemotherapy" or immunotherapy will be permitted. If "bridging chemotherapy" or immunotherapy is applied, approximately 4 weeks will be required for reassessment of the baseline including tumor assessment. 2. Must be therapeutic 131I-MIBG naive. 3. All soft tissue lesions identified on CT/MRI scans must be iobenguane-avid lesions on an iobenguane (123I) scan or any non iobenguane avid lesions biopsy proven to be non-tumor lesions. 4. Adequate cryopreserved autologous peripheral blood stem cells or bone marrow (at least 2 aliquots of 2.0 × 10exp6 CD34/kg at the time of study enrollment). 5. If a man, must agree to use an adequate contraception method as deemed appropriate by the Investigator (e.g., vasectomy, condoms) or partner using effective contraception and to not donate sperm during the study and for 90 days after receiving the last dose of study drug. 6. If a woman of childbearing potential, have a negative serum pregnancy test result prior to each dosing and, if sexually active, be practicing an effective method of birth control [e.g., intrauterine device, double-barrier method (i.e., diaphragm, or a cervical cap) with intravaginal spermicidal foam, cream or gel], or male partner sterilization throughout the study. 7. Age at study entry ≥1 year. 8. Previous platelet transfusions are permitted, as long as the subject has a platelet count ≥50,000/μL without transfusion support for at least 1 week. 9. Subjects must have a minimum pulse oximetry measurement of at least 94% at baseline. 10. An absolute neutrophil count ≥750/μL without growth factor for 5 days. 11. Liver function parameter results: total bilirubin ≤1.5 × upper limit of normal for age, and serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (alanine aminotransferase) [SGPT (ALT)] and serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (aspartate aminotransferase) [SGOT (AST)] <3 × upper limit of normal (note that for ALT, the upper limit of normal for all sites is defined as 45 U/L). 12. Normal thyroid function as measured by T4 and TSH or have abnormal results that are not considered clinically important by the Investigator or may be receiving levothyroxine. 13. Cardiac Function: Ejection fraction (≥55%) documented by echocardiogram within 1 month prior to Visit 1 (baseline). 14. Karnofsky Performance Status (for subjects >16 years of age) or the Lansky Performance Status Performance Status (for subjects 1 to 16 years of age) ≥50%. 15. Full recovery from the toxic effects of any prior therapy.
Exclusion Criteria:
1. Evidence of non-avid iobenguane lesions on iobenguane (123I) scan including soft tissue disease on CT/MRI that is not iobenguane-avid. 2. Subjects with primary refractory disease. 3. Subjects within 5 half-lives after any antibody-based immunotherapy, or have not recovered from effects of any biologic therapy. 4. Subjects that are refractory to the prior treatment regimen. 5. Subjects <12 weeks after myeloablative therapy with autologous stem cell transplant. 6. Subjects who have had an allogeneic stem cell treatment less than 4 months from Visit 1 are excluded. Those who have received allogeneic stem cell treatment more than 4 months from Visit 1 must have recovered and have no active graft versus host disease (GVHD) to be eligible. 7. History of local radiation therapy within the last 3 months. 8. History of total body irradiation. 9. Subjects do not have adequate renal function defined as adjusted serum creatinine ≥1.5 × upper limit of normal for sex and age. 10. Subjects who are on hemodialysis. 11. Pregnancy or breastfeeding. 12. Significant active infections including active hepatitis B, or hepatitis C infection, or known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (testing for HIV is not required prior to study entry). 13. Clinically important cardiac, pulmonary, and hepatic impairment.
Drug: 131I-MIBG
Neuroblastoma, Neoplasms, Neuroectodermal Tumors, Brain and Nervous System
Iobenguane Avid High-risk Neuroblastoma, 3-Iodobenzylguanidine, Radiopharmaceutical
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Treatment With Dinutuximab, Sargramostim (GM-CSF), and Isotretinoin in Combination With Irinotecan and Temozolomide After Intensive Therapy for People With High-Risk Neuroblastoma (NBL)

This phase II trial studies if dinutuximab, GM-CSF, isotretinoin in combination with irinotecan, and temozolomide (chemo-immunotherapy) can be given safely to patients with high-risk neuroblastoma after Consolidation therapy (which usually consists of two autologous stem cell transplants and radiation) who have not experienced worsening or recurrence of their disease. Dinutuximab represents a kind of cancer therapy called immunotherapy. Unlike chemotherapy and radiation, dinutuximab targets the cancer cells without destroying nearby healthy cells. Sargramostim helps the body produce normal infection-fighting white blood cells. Isotretinoin helps the neuroblastoma cells become more mature. These 3 drugs (standard immunotherapy) are already given to patients with high-risk neuroblastoma after Consolidation because they have been proven to be beneficial in this setting. Chemotherapy drugs, such as irinotecan and temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. They may also effect how well immunotherapy works on neuroblastoma cells. Giving chemo-immunotherapy after intensive therapy may work better in treating patients with high-risk neuroblastoma compared to standard immunotherapy.
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Tanya Watt
128737
All
up to 30 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04385277
STU-2020-1369
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must have a diagnosis of neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma (nodular) (verified by tumor pathology analysis or demonstration of clumps of tumor cells in bone marrow with elevated urinary catecholamine metabolites at the time of diagnosis) and have been designated as having high-risk disease based on Children's Oncology Group (COG) risk classification. The following disease groups are eligible:
• Patients with International Neuroblastoma Risk Group (INRG) Stage M disease with any of the following features:
• MYCN amplification (> 4-fold increase in MYCN signals as compared to reference signals), regardless of additional biologic features; OR
• Age > 547 days at the time of diagnosis regardless of biologic features; OR
• Age 365-547 days at the time of diagnosis with tumors with unfavorable histology and/or deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) index = 1
• Patients with INRG Stage MS disease with MYCN amplification
• Patients with INRG Stage L2 disease with either of the following features:
• MYCN amplification (> 4-fold increase in MYCN signals as compared to reference signals), regardless of additional biologic features; OR
• Age > 547 days at the time of diagnosis with MYCN non-amplified tumors with unfavorable histology
• Note: Patients observed or patients treated with a single cycle of chemotherapy per a low or intermediate risk neuroblastoma regimen (e.g., as per ANBL0531, ANBL1232 or similar) for what initially appeared to be non-high-risk disease but subsequently found to meet criteria will also be eligible
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1 or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years
• Prior therapy
• All patients must have completed high-risk Induction therapy with 4-6 cycles of chemotherapy
• After completion of Induction therapy, patients may have received no more than 4 cycles of bridging chemotherapy or chemo-immunotherapy prior to ASCT
• Patients cannot have previously progressed on immunotherapy with dinutuximab or other anti-GD2 monoclonal antibody
• All patients must have had undergone surgical resection of their primary tumor as part of frontline therapy. Exceptions to this requirement include patients who had a complete response to Induction chemotherapy, patients with no identifiable primary tumor, and patients for whom the institutional surgical team determined that potential risks outweighed potential benefits of resection
• All patients must have undergone tandem high-dose chemotherapy with ASCT as part of Consolidation
• Patients must enroll between day +56 and day +200 from the peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) infusion following the last dose of high-dose chemotherapy during Consolidation
• All patients must have undergone external beam radiation therapy. Exceptions to this requirement include patients who had no identifiable primary tumor and no persistent metastatic disease at the end of Induction. For patients who received radiotherapy, at least 7 days must have elapsed between completion of radiotherapy and enrollment on this study
• Patients must not have received long-acting myeloid growth factors (e.g., Neulasta) within 14 days of entry on this study. Seven days must have elapsed since administration of a short-acting myeloid growth factor
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 750/uL
• Platelet count >= 50,000/uL (transfusion independent for >= 7 days)
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2, or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• Age: Maximum Serum Creatinine (mg/dL)
• 6 months to < 1 year: 0.5 (male and female)
• 1 to < 2 years: 0.6 (male and female)
• 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 (male and female)
• 6 to < 10 years: 1 (male and female)
• 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 (male and female)
• 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 (male), 1.4 (female)
• >= 16 years: 1.7 (male), 1.4 (female)
• Note: Patients with history of transplant associated-thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) must have a creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR at baseline to assess renal function and must meet the above criteria
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 5.0 x ULN for age (=< 225 U/L)
• Note: For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT (ALT) has been set to the value of 45 U/L
• Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram, or ejection fraction of >= 50% by echocardiogram or radionuclide angiogram
• Absence of dyspnea at rest
• If pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are performed, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) must be > 60%
• No clinical evidence of active central nervous system (CNS) disease at the time of study enrollment
• Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on non-enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants and well controlled
• CNS toxicity from prior therapy =< grade 2
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients must not have had progressive disease (PD) per the revised International Neuroblastoma Risk Criteria (INRC) since the initial diagnosis of high-risk neuroblastoma
• Exception: Progressive disease within the first 2 cycles of Induction chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide and topotecan is allowed. Patients with progression subsequent to initial cyclophosphamide and topotecan cycles are excluded
• Patients may not have received additional systemic cancer-directed therapy following completion of the last planned high-dose chemotherapy with ASCT prior to enrollment on this trial
• Patients may not have received iodine-131 (131I)-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) therapy at any time prior to enrollment on this trial
• Patients who received single (rather than tandem) high-dose chemotherapy with ASCT are excluded
• Patients cannot be receiving other ongoing anticancer therapy
• Patients who were enrolled onto ANBL1531 AND underwent arm assignment are not eligible. Patients who enrolled onto ANBL1531 who declined second consent may be eligible for ANBL19P1 if all other criteria are met
• Patients enrolled onto ANBL17P1 are not eligible
• Patients must have been off pharmacologic doses of systemic steroids for at least 7 days prior to enrollment
• Patients who require or are likely to require pharmacologic doses of systemic corticosteroids while receiving treatment on this study are ineligible. The only exception is for patients known to require 2 mg/kg or less of hydrocortisone (or an equivalent dose of an alternative corticosteroid) as premedication for blood product administration in order to avoid allergic transfusion reactions
• Note: The use of conventional doses of inhaled steroids for the treatment of asthma is permitted, as is the use of physiologic doses of steroids for patients with known adrenal insufficiency
• Patients on any other immunosuppressive medications (e.g., cyclosporine, tacrolimus) are not eligible. However, prior or planned concomitant treatment with eculizumab is permitted (e.g., treatment of TA-TMA)
• Patients must not have received enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants including phenytoin, phenobarbital, valproic acid, or carbamazepine for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment
• Note: Patients receiving non-enzyme inducing anticonvulsants such as gabapentin or levetiracetam are eligible
• Patients must not have received drugs that are strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 within 7 days prior to study enrollment
• Patients must not have been diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome or with any malignancy other than neuroblastoma
• Patients with symptoms of congestive heart failure are not eligible
• Patients with moderate or large pericardial effusions are not eligible
• Patients must not have >= grade 2 diarrhea
• Patients must not have uncontrolled infection
• Patients with a history of grade 4 allergic reactions to anti-GD2 antibodies or reactions that required discontinuation of the anti-GD2 therapy are not eligible
• Patients with a significant intercurrent illness (any ongoing serious medical problem unrelated to cancer or its treatment) that is not covered by the detailed exclusion criteria and that is expected to interfere with the action of study agents or to significantly increase the severity of the toxicities experienced from study treatment are not eligible
• Female patients who are pregnant since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs. A pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Biological: Dinutuximab, Drug: Irinotecan, Drug: Isotretinoin, Biological: Sargramostim, Drug: Temozolomide
Brain and Nervous System, High Risk Neuroblastoma, Ganglioneuroblastoma, Nodular
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Reduced Craniospinal Radiation Therapy and Chemotherapy in Treating Younger Patients With Newly Diagnosed WNT-Driven Medulloblastoma

This phase II trial studies how well reduced doses of radiation therapy to the brain and spine (craniospinal) and chemotherapy work in treating patients with newly diagnosed type of brain tumor called WNT)/Wingless (WNT)-driven medulloblastoma. Recent studies using chemotherapy and radiation therapy have been shown to be effective in treating patients with WNT-driven medulloblastoma. However, there is a concern about the late side effects of treatment, such as learning difficulties, lower amounts of hormones, or other problems in performing daily activities. Radiotherapy uses high-energy radiation from x-rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, vincristine sulfate, cyclophosphamide and lomustine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving reduced craniospinal radiation therapy and chemotherapy may kill tumor cells and may also reduce the late side effects of treatment.
Call 833-722-6237
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Daniel Bowers
10760
All
3 Years to 21 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02724579
STU 102017-020
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must be newly diagnosed and have:
• Eligibility confirmed by rapid central pathology and molecular screening review on APEC14B1:
• Classical histologic type (non LC/A) WNT medulloblastoma
• Positive nuclear beta-catenin by immunohistochemistry (IHC)
• Positive for CTNNB1 mutation
• Negative for MYC and MYCN by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
• Patient must have negative lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology
• Note: CSF cytology for staging should be performed no sooner than 14 days post operatively to avoid false positive CSF; ideally, CSF should be obtained between day 14 and day 21 to allow for final staging status before enrollment onto the study; patients with positive CSF cytology obtained 0 to 14 days after surgery should have cytology repeated to determine eligibility and final CSF status; patients with negative CSF cytology from lumbar puncture obtained 0 to 14 days after surgery do not need cytology repeated; patients with negative CSF cytology from lumbar puncture obtained prior to surgery do not need cytology repeated post-operatively
• Patients must have eligibility confirmed by Rapid Central Imaging Review on APEC14B1; patients must have =< 1.5 cm^2 maximal cross-sectional area of residual tumor; whole brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with and without gadolinium and spine MRI with gadolinium must be performed
• Patients must be enrolled, and protocol therapy must be projected to begin, no later than 36 days after definitive diagnostic surgery (day 0)
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/uL
• Platelet count >= 100,000/uL (transfusion independent)
• Hemoglobin >= 10.0 g/dL (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions)
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• 3 to < 6 years of age: maximum (max) serum creatinine 0.8 mg/dL (males and females)
• 6 to < 10 years of age: max serum creatinine 1 mg/dL (males and females)
• 10 to < 13 years of age: max serum creatinine 1.2 mg/dL (males and females)
• 13 to < 16 years of age: max serum creatinine 1.5 md/dL (males) and 1.4 md/dL (females)
• >= 16 years of age: max serum creatinine 1.7 mg/dL (males) and 1.4 mg/dL (females)
• The threshold creatinine values were derived from the Schwartz formula for estimating GFR utilizing child length and stature data published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
• Total or direct bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age, and
• Serum glutamate pyruvate (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (3x ULN); for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
• Central nervous system function defined as:
• Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on anticonvulsants and well controlled
• Patients must not be in status epilepticus, a coma or on assisted ventilation at the time of study enrollment
• Patients must have receptive and expressive language skills in English, French, or Spanish to complete the QoL and neurocognitive assessments; if a patient meets these criteria but the parent/guardian speaks a language other than English, French, or Spanish, the patient may still be enrolled and tested, and the parent-report measures should be omitted
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent; assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with metastatic disease by either MRI evaluation (brain and spine) or lumbar CSF cytology are not eligible; patients who are unable to undergo a lumbar puncture for assessment of CSF cytology are ineligible
• Patients must not have received any prior radiation therapy or chemotherapy (tumor-directed therapy) other than surgical intervention and/or corticosteroids
• Pregnancy and Breast Feeding
• Female patients who are pregnant are ineligible due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events as seen in animal/human studies
• Lactating females are not eligible unless they have agreed not to breastfeed their infants
• Female patients of childbearing potential are not eligible unless a negative pregnancy test result has been obtained
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential are not eligible unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
• Patients with a history of moderate to profound intellectual disability (i.e., intelligence quotient [Q)]=< 55) are not eligible for enrollment; PLEASE NOTE: Children with a prior history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or a specific learning disability (e.g., dyslexia) are eligible for this study
Drug: Cisplatin, Drug: Cyclophosphamide, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Drug: Lomustine, Radiation: Radiation Therapy, Drug: Vincristine, Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Medulloblastoma, Brain and Nervous System
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Pilot Study of Abemaciclib With Bevacizumab in Recurrent Glioblastoma Patients With Loss of CDKN2A/B or Gain or Amplification of CDK4/6

Describe the safety and adverse events associated with Abemaciclib 150 mg orally twice daily when administered with Bevacizumab 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks to recurrent GBM patients with specific tumor molecular aberrations
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Edward Pan
138922
All
18 Years to 99 Years old
Early Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04074785
STU-2019-1214
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Histologically confirmed GBM at first or second recurrence after concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Patients with an initial diagnosis of a lower-grade glioma are eligible if a subsequent biopsy was determined to be GBM. GBMs either from the initial resection or at repeat resection at recurrence must be analyzed by next-generation exome sequencing (NES) and RNA-sequencing and must have the following aberrations:
• Heterozygous or homozygous loss of CDKN2A and/or CDKN2B OR
• Gain or amplification of CDK4 and/or 6 NOTE: Patients with GBMs having loss of function of RB1 are EXCLUDED.
• Imaging confirmation of first tumor progression or regrowth as defined by the RANO criteria. A minimum of 12 weeks must have elapsed from the completion of radiotherapy to study entry to minimize the potential for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes related to radiation necrosis that might be misdiagnosed as progression of disease, unless there is a new lesion outside the radiation field or unequivocal evidence of viable tumor on histopathological sampling.
• Karnofsky performance status (KPS) ≥ 60%.
• Stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroids within 5 days prior to randomization.
• For women who are of child-bearing potential or surgically sterile (absence of ovaries and/or uterus) and who are sexually active: to use an adequate method of contraception (oral contraceptives, intrauterine contraceptive device, barrier method of contraception in conjunction with spermicidal jelly) during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after last dose of study drug. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. For male patients who are partners of premenopausal women: agreement to use a barrier method of contraception during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the last dose of study drug.
• A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:
• Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
• Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
• Patients who have undergone recent surgery for recurrent or progressive tumor are eligible provided that:
• Surgery must have confirmed the recurrence.
• A minimum of 28 days must have elapsed from the day of surgery to study entry. For core or needle biopsy, a minimum of 7 days must have elapsed prior to study entry.
• Craniotomy or intracranial biopsy site must be adequately healed and free of drainage or cellulitis, and the underlying cranioplasty must appear intact at the time of randomization.
• Patients must be willing and able to provide written informed consent and to comply with the study protocol as judged by the investigator.
• Age ≥ 18 years.
• Patients must have recovered (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events CTCAE] Grade ≤1) from the acute effects of chemotherapy prior to study entry. Minimum times from prior therapies include:
• ≥ 28 days elapsed from the administration of any investigational agent
• ≥ 28 days elapsed from the administration of any prior cytotoxic agents, except ≥ 42 days from nitrosoureas NOTE: Prior treatment with Novo-TTF therapy is allowed at initial diagnosis, but must be discontinued prior to study entry.
• Patients must be able to swallow oral medications.
• Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.
• Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function
Exclusion Criteria:

• Prior treatment with Bevacizumab, Abemaciclib, or any other CDK4/6 inhibitor or other systemic VEGF- or VEGF-receptor-targeted agent.
• Prior treatment with prolifeprospan 20 with carmustine wafer.
• Evidence of recent hemorrhage on baseline MRI of the brain. However, patients with clinically asymptomatic presence of hemosiderin, resolving hemorrhagic changes related to surgery, or presence of punctuate hemorrhage in the tumor are eligible.
• Concurrent investigational agents.
• History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to Agent(s) or other agents used in study.
• Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
• Subjects must not be pregnant or nursing due to the potential for congenital abnormalities and the potential of this regimen to harm nursing infants.
• Patients unable to undergo brain MRI scans with IV gadolinium.
• Screening laboratory values outside of the values listed on Table 2.
• Inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure > 100 mmHg while on antihypertensive medication).
• Uncontrolled diabetes despite maximal medical management.
• Prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy.
• New York Heart Association Grade II or greater congestive cardiac failure.
• History of myocardial infarction (within 12 months) or unstable angina (within 6 months) prior to study entry.
• History of stroke or transient ischemic attacks within 6 months prior to study entry.
• Significant vascular disease (e.g. aortic aneurysm requiring surgical repair or recent peripheral arterial thrombosis) within 6 months prior to study entry.
• Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy (in the absence of therapeutic anticoagulation).
• History of abdominal fistula or gastrointestinal perforation within 6 months prior to study entry.
• History of intracranial abscess within 6 months prior to randomization or active bacterial infection (requiring intravenous [IV] antibiotics within 2 weeks from initiation of study treatment), fungal infection, or detectable viral infection (such as known human immunodeficiency virus positivity or with known active hepatitis B or C [for example, hepatitis B surface antigen positive].
• Serious non-healing wound, active ulcer, or untreated bone fracture.
• History of another malignancy in the previous 3 years, with a disease-free interval of < 3 years. Patients with prior history of in situ cancer or basal or squamous cell skin cancer are ELIGIBLE.
• Hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human or humanized antibody.
• Taking any treatments listed in the Prohibited Concomitant Medications.
Drug: Abemaciclib, Drug: Bevacizumab
Glioblastoma, Brain Tumor, GBM, Brain Tumor, Recurrent, Brain and Nervous System
Abemaciclib, Bevacizumab, CDKN2A/B, CDK4/6, Verzenio, Avastin
UT Southwestern
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Maximum Tolerated Dose, Safety, and Efficacy of Rhenium Nanoliposomes in Recurrent Glioma (ReSPECT)

This is a multi-center, sequential cohort, open-label, volume and dose escalation study of the safety, tolerability, and distribution of 186RNL given by convection enhanced delivery to patients with recurrent or progressive malignant glioma after standard surgical, radiation, and/or chemotherapy treatment. The study uses a modified Fibonacci dose escalation, followed by an expansion at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) to determine efficacy. The starting absorbed dose is 1mCi in a volume of 0.660mL.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Toral Patel
55706
All
18 Years and over
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT01906385
STU-2020-0096
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. At least 18 years of age 2. Ability to understand the purposes and risks of the study and has signed a written informed consent form approved by the investigator's IRB/Ethics Committee 3. Histologically confirmed glioma 4. Progression by RANO criteria following standard treatment options with known survival benefit (Temozolomide, Radiation, and Tumor Treating Fields [unless unwilling]) 5. Patients who receive treatment with antiepileptic medications must have a two week history of stable dose of antiepileptic without seizures prior to dosing 6. Patients with corticosteroid requirements to control cerebral edema must be maintained at a stable or decreasing dose for a minimum of two weeks without progression of clinical symptoms 7. A volume of enhancing tumor which falls within the treatment field volume being evaluated in the respective cohort (see 4.1 Design) 8. ECOG performance status of 0 to 2 9. Life expectancy of at least 2 months 10. Acceptable liver function:
• Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal
• AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 3.0 times upper limit of normal (ULN); 11. Acceptable renal function:
• Serum creatinine ≤1.5xULN 12. Acceptable hematologic status (without hematologic support):
• ANC ≥1000 cells/uL
• Platelet count ≥100,000/uL
• Hemoglobin ≥9.0 g/dL 13. All women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test and male and female subjects must agree to use effective means of contraception (surgical sterilization or the use or barrier contraception with either a condom or diaphragm in conjunction with spermicidal gel or an IUD) with their partner from entry into the study through 6 months after the last dose For part 2: 14. Bevacizumab naïve glioblastoma with no more than 1 recurrence
Exclusion Criteria:
1. The subject has evidence of acute intracranial or intratumoral hemorrhage either by MRI or computerized tomography (CT) scan. Subjects with resolving hemorrhage changes, punctate hemorrhage, or hemosiderin are eligible. 2. The subject is unable to undergo MRI scan (eg, has pacemaker). 3. The subject has not recovered to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.0 Grade ≤ 1 from AEs (except alopecia, anemia and lymphopenia) due to surgery, antineoplastic agents, investigational drugs, or other medications that were administered prior to study. 4. The subject is pregnant or breast-feeding. 5. The subject has serious intercurrent illness, as determined by the treating physician, that would compromise either patient safety or study outcomes such as:
• hypertension (two or more blood pressure readings performed at screening of > 150 mmHg systolic or > 100 mmHg diastolic) despite optimal treatment
• Non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
• Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias
• Untreated hypothyroidism
• Uncontrolled systemic infection
• Symptomatic congestive heart failure or unstable angina pectoris within 3 months prior study drug
• Myocardial infarction, stroke, transient ischemic attack within 6 months
• Known active malignancy (other than glioma) except non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in-situ in the cervix 6. The subject has inherited bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy with the risk of bleeding 7. The subject has received any of the following prior anticancer therapy:
• Non-standard radiation therapy such as brachytherapy, systemic radioisotope therapy, or intra-operative radiotherapy (IORT) to the target site.
• Radiation therapy within 12 weeks of screening
• Systemic therapy (including investigational agents and small-molecule kinase inhibitors) or non-cytotoxic hormonal therapy (eg, tamoxifen) within 14 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter, prior first dose of study drug
• Biologic agents (antibodies, immune modulators, vaccines, cytokines) within 21 days prior to first dose of study drug
• Nitrosoureas or mitomycin C within 42 days, or metronomic/protracted low-dose chemotherapy within 14 days, or other cytotoxic chemotherapy within 28 days, prior to first dose of study drug
• Prior treatment with carmustine wafers
• Patients who are currently receiving any other investigational agents and/or who have received an investigational agent in the prior 28 days 8. Multifocal progression or involvement of the leptomeninges 9. Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with the study requirements 10. Infratentorial disease
Drug: Rhenium Liposome Treatment
Glioma, Brain and Nervous System
Glioma, Brain Tumor, Radiotherapy, Glioblastoma, Recurrent Glioblastoma, Rhenium, Rhenium Nanoliposome, Brain Cancer, GBM, High Grade Glioma, Glioblastoma Multiform, Grade IV Astrocytoma
UT Southwestern
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Response and Biology-Based Risk Factor-Guided Therapy in Treating Younger Patients With Non-high Risk Neuroblastoma

This phase III trial studies how well response and biology-based risk factor-guided therapy works in treating younger patients with non-high risk neuroblastoma. Sometimes a tumor may not need treatment until it progresses. In this case, observation may be sufficient. Measuring biomarkers in tumor cells may help plan when effective treatment is necessary and what the best treatment is. Response and biology-based risk factor-guided therapy may be effective in treating patients with non-high risk neuroblastoma and may help to avoid some of the risks and side effects related to standard treatment.
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Tanya Watt
128737
All
up to 18 Months old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02176967
STU 072014-062
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must be:
• < 12 months (< 365 days) of age at diagnosis with INRG stage L1; or
• < 18 months (< 547 days) of age at diagnosis with INRG stage L2 or stage Ms neuroblastoma/ganglioneuroblastoma
• Enrollment on ANBL00B1 or APEC14B1 is required for all newly diagnosed patients
• Patients must have newly diagnosed v-myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene neuroblastoma derived homolog (MYCN) non-amplified neuroblastoma (International Classification of Diseases for Oncology [ICD-O] morphology 9500/3) or MYCN non-amplified ganglioneuroblastoma verified by histology
• Patients must meet the specified criteria for one of the treatment groups defined below; genomic features include MYCN gene amplification, segmental chromosome aberrations (somatic copy number loss at 1p, 3p, 4p, or 11q or somatic copy number gain at 1q, 2p, or 17q) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) index
• "Favorable" genomic features are defined by one or more whole-chromosome gains or hyperdiploid tumor (DNA index > 1) in the absence of segmental chromosome aberrations as defined above
• "Unfavorable" genomic features are defined by the presence of any segmental chromosome aberration (somatic copy number loss at 1p, 3p, 4p, or 11q or somatic copy number gain at 1q, 2p, or 17q) or diploid tumor (DNA index = 1); this includes copy neutral loss of heterozygosity (LOH)
• Only patients with MYCN non-amplified tumors are eligible for this study
• Group A: patients < 12 months (< 365 days) of age with newly diagnosed INRG stage L1 neuroblastoma/ganglioneuroblastoma who meet the following criteria:
• Greatest tumor diameter < 5 cm of adrenal or non-adrenal origin
• Patients with non-adrenal primaries are eligible, but must have positive uptake on metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scan or elevated catecholamine metabolites (urine or serum) to support the diagnosis of neuroblastoma
• No prior tumor resection or biopsy
• Group A will be further split into two subsets, which are mutually exclusive, for statistical purposes
• Group A1:
• > 6 months and < 12 months of age with an adrenal primary tumor < 5 cm in greatest diameter OR
• Patients less than 6 months of age with an adrenal primary tumor > 3.1 and < 5 cm in greatest diameter OR
• < 12 months of age with a non-adrenal primary site < 5 cm in greatest diameter
• Group A2: =< 6 months of age with an adrenal primary site and tumor =< 3.1 cm in greatest diameter.
• Group B: patients < 18 months (< 547 days) of age with newly diagnosed INRG stage L2 neuroblastoma/ganglioneuroblastoma who meet the following criteria:
• No life threatening symptoms or no impending neurologic or other organ function compromise (e.g. epidural or intraspinal tumors with existing or impending neurologic impairment, periorbital or calvarial-based lesions with existing or impending cranial nerve impairment, anatomic or mechanical compromise of critical organ function by tumor [abdominal compartment syndrome, urinary obstruction, etc.]); horner syndrome is not considered neurologic compromise
• No prior tumor resection, tumor biopsy ONLY
• Only patients with both favorable histology and favorable genomic features will remain on study as part of Group B; the institution will be notified of histologic and genomic results within 3 weeks of specimen submission on ANBL00B1 or APEC14B1
• Group C: patients < 18 months (< 547 days) of age with newly diagnosed INRG stage Ms neuroblastoma/ganglioneuroblastoma
• No prior radiotherapy or chemotherapy, with the exception of dexamethasone, which is allowed
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with MYCN amplified tumors are not eligible
• Group B and C patients who do not enroll on ANBL1232 within 4 weeks of definitive diagnostic procedure
• Group A and C patients, not required to undergo tumor biopsy, who do not enroll on ANBL1232 within 4 weeks of confirmatory imaging study
Drug: Carboplatin, Other: Clinical Observation, Drug: Cyclophosphamide, Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride, Drug: Etoposide, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Other: Pharmacological Study
Neuroblastoma, Ganglioneuroblastoma, Localized Resectable Neuroblastoma, Localized Unresectable Neuroblastoma, Brain and Nervous System
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Nivolumab and Multi-fraction Stereotactic Radiosurgery With or Without Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Recurrent Grade II-III Meningioma

This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of nivolumab when given together with multi-fraction stereotactic radiosurgery and to see how well they work with or without ipilimumab in treating patients with grade II-III meningioma that has come back (recurrent). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Stereotactic radiosurgery is a specialized radiation therapy that delivers a single, high dose of radiation directly to the tumor and may cause less damage to normal tissue. It is not yet known whether giving nivolumab and multi-fraction stereotactic radiosurgery with or without ipilimumab may work better in treating patients with grade II-III meningioma.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Edward Pan
138922
All
18 Years and over
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03604978
STU-2019-1036
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must have histologically confirmed World Health Organization (WHO) grade II-III meningioma which has relapsed after prior radiation therapy with radiologically progressive or recurrent disease
• Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least 1 lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension as >= 1 cm on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) but with the maximum dimension =< 5 cm OR gross tumor volume < 20 cm^3
• Patients must have at least one prior surgery with available archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor blocks of the initial or recurrent meningioma. If there are multiple tumor blocks from multiple surgeries, the most recent tumor block (and ideally of the relapsed tumor after initial radiation therapy) should be submitted. If a tumor block is not available, an alternative of 20-30 unstained slides may be submitted instead. Annotation regarding whether the tumor block is before or after initial radiation therapy should be provided
• Prior initial radiation therapy may include external beam radiation or radiosurgery, or combination of both. However, the total dose of prior radiation exposure to the site of recurrent tumor (for consideration of re-irradiation) cannot be more than 70 Gy. The duration since the previous radiation exposure to the site of reirradiation need to be at least 6 months
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
• Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
• Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
• Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN
• Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x institutional ULN OR glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above 1.5 x institutional normal
• The effects of nivolumab and/or ipilimumab on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason and because radiation therapy is known to be teratogenic, women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. WOCBP should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 5 months after the last dose of investigational drug. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 24 hours prior to the start of nivolumab. Women must not be breastfeeding. Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 7 months after the last dose of investigational product. Women who are not of childbearing potential (i.e., who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile as well as azoospermic men) do not require contraception
• Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy) or who is not postmenopausal. Menopause is defined clinically as 12 months of amenorrhea in a woman over 45 in the absence of other biological or physiological causes. In addition, women under the age of 55 must have a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level less than 40 mIU/mL
• WOCBP receiving nivolumab will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 5 months after the last dose of investigational product. Men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 7 months after the last dose of investigational product. These durations have been calculated using the upper limit of the half-life for nivolumab (25 days) and are based on the protocol requirement that WOCBP use contraception for 5 half-lives plus 30 days and men who are sexually active with WOCBP use contraception for 5 half-lives plus 100 days
• Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
• Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document or, if decision-making capacity is impaired, consent of a legally authorized representative (e.g., spouse, adult child, live-in caretaker).
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients who have had chemotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study
• Patients who have had radiation therapy (to the site of reirradiation) within 6 months prior to entering the study
• Patients who have not recovered from adverse events due to prior anti-cancer therapy (i.e., have residual toxicities > grade 1); however, alopecia, sensory neuropathy =< grade 2, or other =< grade 2 not constituting a safety risk based on the investigator's judgment are acceptable
• Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
• Patients who have previous treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, or anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or immune checkpoint pathways
• History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to nivolumab and/or ipilimumab
• History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody
• Current use of immunosuppressive medication (EXCEPT for the following: Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injection [e.g. intra-articular injection]; systemic corticosteroids at doses =< 4 mg/day of dexamethasone or equivalent; steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions [e.g. computed tomography (CT) scan premedication])
• Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements. However, patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on stable therapy with minimal viral loads and patients with hepatitis B and hepatitis C who have received treatment with minimal viral loads will be eligible
• Pregnant women are excluded from this study because radiation therapy is teratogenic and that the effects of nivolumab and/or ipilimumab on the developing human fetus are unknown. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with nivolumab and/or ipilimumab, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with nivolumab and/or ipilimumab
• Patients with active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment including systemic corticosteroids, should be excluded. These include but are not limited to patients with a history of immune related neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis; systemic autoimmune disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), connective tissue diseases, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, hepatitis; and patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or phospholipid syndrome should be excluded because of the risk of recurrence or exacerbation of disease. Patients with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones including physiologic corticosteroids are eligible. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other arthropathies, Sjogren's syndrome and psoriasis controlled with topical medication and patients with positive serology, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroid antibodies should be evaluated for the presence of target organ involvement and potential need for systemic treatment but should otherwise be eligible
• Patients are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger (precipitating event)
• Prior organ transplantation including allogeneic stem cell transplantation
• Other severe acute or chronic medical conditions including immune colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, immune pneumonitis, pulmonary fibrosis, or psychiatric conditions including recent (within the past year) or active suicidal ideation or behavior, or laboratory abnormalities that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study treatment administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study
• Live vaccination within 4 weeks of the first dose of nivolumab and while on trial is prohibited except for administration of inactivated vaccines
Biological: Ipilimumab, Biological: Nivolumab, Radiation: Stereotactic Radiosurgery
Recurrent Meningioma, Grade II Meningioma, Grade III Meningioma, Brain and Nervous System
UT Southwestern
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A Clinical and Molecular Risk-Directed Therapy for Newly Diagnosed Medulloblastoma

Historically, medulloblastoma treatment has been determined by the amount of leftover disease present after surgery, also known as clinical risk (standard vs. high risk). Recent studies have shown that medulloblastoma is made up of distinct molecular subgroups which respond differently to treatment. This suggests that clinical risk alone is not adequate to identify actual risk of recurrence. In order to address this, we will stratify medulloblastoma treatment in this phase II clinical trial based on both clinical risk (low, standard, intermediate, or high risk) and molecular subtype (WNT, SHH, or Non-WNT Non-SHH). This stratified clinical and molecular treatment approach will be used to evaluate the following: - To find out if participants with low-risk WNT tumors can be treated with a lower dose of radiation to the brain and spine, and a lower dose of the chemotherapy drug cyclophosphamide while still achieving the same survival rate as past St. Jude studies with fewer side effects. - To find out if adding targeted chemotherapy after standard chemotherapy will benefit participants with SHH positive tumors. - To find out if adding new chemotherapy agents to the standard chemotherapy will improve the outcome for intermediate and high risk Non-WNT Non-SHH tumors. - To define the cure rate for standard risk Non-WNT Non-SHH tumors treated with reduced dose cyclophosphamide and compare this to participants from the past St. Jude study. All participants on this study will have surgery to remove as much of the primary tumor as safely possible, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The amount of radiation therapy and type of chemotherapy received will be determined by the participant's treatment stratum. Treatment stratum assignment will be based on the tumor's molecular subgroup assignment and clinical risk. The participant will be assigned to one of three medulloblastoma subgroups determined by analysis of the tumor tissue for tumor biomarkers: - WNT (Strata W): positive for WNT biomarkers - SHH (Strata S): positive for SHH biomarkers - Non-WNT Non-SHH, Failed, or Indeterminate (Strata N): negative for WNT and SHH biomarkers or results are indeterminable Participants will then be assigned to a clinical risk group (low, standard, intermediate, or high) based on assessment of: - How much tumor is left after surgery - If the cancer has spread to other sites outside the brain [i.e., to the spinal cord or within the fluid surrounding the spinal cord, called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)] - The appearance of the tumor cells under the microscope - Whether or not there are chromosomal abnormalities in the tumor, and if present, what type (also called cytogenetics analysis)
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Daniel Bowers
10760
All
3 Years to 39 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT01878617
STU 102013-047
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INCLUSION CRITERIA
• Medulloblastoma or medulloblastoma variants including posterior fossa PNET as documented by an institutional pathologist.
• Participant's age meets one of the following: (1) Age greater than or equal to 3 years and less than 22 years of age at the time of diagnosis (may enroll on Strata W, S or N), OR (2) age is greater than or equal to 22 years and less than 40 years AND patient has SHH medulloblastoma (must enroll on Stratum S).
• No previous radiotherapy, chemotherapy or other brain tumor directed therapy other than corticosteroid therapy and surgery.
• Patients must begin treatment as outlined in the protocol within 36 days of definitive surgery (day of surgery is day 0; definitive surgery includes second surgeries to resect residual tumor).
• Adequate performance status: children < 10-Lansky Score ≥ 30; children ≥ 10-Karnofsky ≥ 30 (except for posterior fossa syndrome).
• Females of child-bearing potential cannot be pregnant or breast-feeding. Female participants > 10 years of age or post-menarche must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test prior to enrollment.
• Biological parent(s) of participant (child) enrolling on this protocol. These parents will be assigned to cohort P. The exclusion criteria below do not apply to this cohort. EXCLUSION CRITERIA
• CNS embryonal tumor other than medulloblastoma or PNET in the posterior fossa, for example, patients with diagnosis of Atypical Teratoid / Rhabdoid Tumor (ATRT), supratentorial PNET, pineoblastoma, ependymoblastoma, ETANTR are excluded.
• Research participants with other clinically significant medical disorders that could compromise their ability to tolerate protocol therapy or would interfere with the study procedures or results history. Participants in the Stratum S maintenance chemotherapy portion of the study must meet the criteria below prior to start of vismodegib therapy:
• Participants must be Stratum S (SHH)
• Participants must be skeletally mature defined as females with a bone age ≥ 15 years and males with a bone age ≥ 17 years.
• Must be able to swallow pills
• BSA must be >0.67 and <2.5 m2
• Male and female participants of reproductive potential must agree to effective contraception during and after study treatment. See Appendices I and II for further guidance for participants receiving vismodegib
• ANC ≥ 1000/mm^3 (after G-CSF discontinued)
• Platelets ≥ 50,000/mm^3 (without support)
• Hgb ≥ 8 g/dL (with or without transfusion support)
• Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
• Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5X the institutional ULN
• SGPT (ALT) ≤ 2.5X the institutional ULN
• SGOT (AST) ≤ 2.5X the institutional ULN
• Alkaline Phosphatase ≤ 1.5X the institutional ULN
• Serum albumin ≥ 2.5 g/dL Participants in the exercise intervention portion of the study must meet all criteria below:
• Must be ≥ 5 years and < 22 years at the time of enrollment
• Must have no congenital heart disease
• Must be capable of performing the exercise intervention at the time of baseline assessment as determined by the treating physician. Participants in the cognitive remediation intervention portion of the study must meet all criteria below:
• Completed protocol-directed radiation therapy
• ≥5 years at the time of remediation intervention consent or age is greater than or equal to 22 years and less than 40 years and patient has SHH medulloblastoma
• English as primary language and training aide who speaks English available to participate in required sessions
• No significant cognitive impairment operationalized as either an IQ < 70 for children with St. Jude SJMB12 study baseline testing or based on clinician judgment baseline IQ missing
• No major sensory or motor impairment that would preclude valid cognitive testing (e.g., unresolved posterior fossa syndrome, blindness, poorly controlled seizures/photosensitive epilepsy, psychosis) or a major psychological condition that would preclude completion of the intervention (e.g., significant oppositionality, autism spectrum disorder, severe anxiety or depressive symptoms)
Radiation: Craniospinal Irradiation with boost to the primary tumor site, Drug: Cyclophosphamide, Drug: Cisplatin, Drug: Vincristine, Drug: Vismodegib, Drug: Pemetrexed, Drug: Gemcitabine, Other: Aerobic Training, Other: Neurocognitive Remediation
Medulloblastoma, Brain and Nervous System
SJMB12, Brain Cancer, Brain Tumors in Children, Cisplatin, Cyclophosphamide, Embryonal Tumors of CNS, GDC-0449, Gemcitabine, Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor, Infratentorial, Mass in Brain, Medulloblastoma, Medulloblastoma Brain Tumor, Medulloblastoma Tumor, Molecular, Neuroectodermal Tumor, Primitive, Newly Diagnosed Childhood Medulloblastoma, Non-SHH Non-WNT, Pediatric Brain Tumor, Pemetrexed, Posterior Fossa Tumor, Proton Beam Therapy, Radiation Therapy, Rare Brain Tumor, Risk, SHH, Sonic Hedgehog Pathway, St Jude Medullo, St. Jude Brain Tumor Studies, St. Jude Medullo, St. Jude Studies, St. Jude Treatment, Treatment for Brain Tumors in Children, Untreated Childhood Medulloblastoma, Vincristine, Vismodegib, WNT
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Radiation Therapy With Concomitant and Adjuvant Temozolomide Versus Radiation Therapy With Adjuvant PCV Chemotherapy in Patients With Anaplastic Glioma or Low Grade Glioma

Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. It is not yet known whether giving radiation with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide versus radiation with adjuvant PCV is more effective in treating anaplastic glioma or low grade glioma.
Call 833-722-6237
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Edward Pan
138922
All
18 Years and over
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT00887146
STU 052013-059
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Pre-Registration
Inclusion Criteria:

• United States (US) and Canadian sites: * This review is mandatory prior to registration to confirm eligibility; patients must be willing to submit tissue samples for mandatory central pathology review submission; it should be initiated as soon after surgery as possible
• Tissue must have been determined to have local 1p/9q co-deletion and IDH mutation prior to submission for central path review
• Tumor tissue must show co-deletion of chromosomes 1p and 19q; for eligibility, the 1p/19q analysis results will be accepted from the local site, as determined by either a locally available or reference laboratory (for US, must be Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act [CLIA] certified); acceptable methods for determination of 1p/19q loss include fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH), by genomic sequencing or methylomic analyses; US and Canadian sites must send a copy of the official report to the pathology coordinator and quality assurance specialist (QAS)
• Tumor must also show evidence of IDH mutation by immunohistochemistry or genomic analyses; this should be performed at the local site (US: performed in a CLIA certified laboratory); the site must send a copy of the official report to the pathology coordinator and QAS Registration
Inclusion Criteria:

• Newly diagnosed and =< 3 months from surgical diagnosis; patients are also eligible if they have had a prior surgical procedure > 3 months earlier for low grade glioma, as long as the patient has not received prior radiation or prior chemotherapy
• Histological evidence of World Health Organization (WHO) grade III anaplastic glioma or WHO grade II low grade glioma with locally diagnosed combined 1p/19q loss and the presence of an either IDH1 or IDH2, both as established by a local or referenced laboratory qualified for the study * Note: mixed gliomas are eligible, regardless of the degree of astrocytic or oligodendrocytic predominance, as long as the tumor is also co-deleted for 1p and 19q
• Patients with codeleted low grade gliomas must also be considered "high risk" by exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics:
• Age >= 40 and any surgical therapy
• Age < 40 with prior and subtotal resection or biopsy (i.e., anything less than gross total resection)
• Documented growth following prior surgery (NOTE: patients with prior surgery cannot have received prior radiation, chemotherapy or targeted therapy)
• Intractable seizures
• Surgery (partial or gross total resection or biopsy) must be performed >= 2 weeks prior to registration; patient must have recovered adequately from the effects of surgery
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm^3 obtained =< 21 days prior to registration
• Platelet (PLTs) count >= 100,000/mm^3 obtained =< 21 days prior to registration
• Hemoglobin (Hgb) > 9.0 g/dL obtained =< 21 days prior to registration
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) obtained =< 21 days prior to registration
• Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) =< 3 x ULN obtained =< 21 days prior to registration
• Creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN obtained =< 21 days prior to registration
• Negative serum or urine pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for women of childbearing potential only
• Willingness and ability to personally complete neurocognitive testing (without assistance) and willingness to complete the QOL testing, (either personally or with assistance)
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0, 1 or 2
• Written informed consent
• Willingness to return to enrolling institution for follow-up during the active monitoring phase (that is, the active treatment and observation portion) of the study); patients who have been formally transferred to another active and approved site participating in this study would not need to return to the enrolling institution for this purpose
• Willingness to allow the provision of tissue samples for correlative research, as long as adequate tissues are available; patients will not be excluded from participation in the study, if they are willing to allow provision of tissues for the correlative research, but there are insufficient quantities of tissue for the correlative analyses (e.g., a patient otherwise eligible and willing who had biopsy only) Willingness to allow the provision of blood samples for correlative research; patients are not excluded from participation in the study, if they are willing to provide the mandatory biospecimens for translational/correlative research, but for logistical reasons the specimens(s) were not obtainable or if the volume collected was insufficient Registration
Exclusion Criteria:

• The following categories are ineligible:
• Pregnant women
• Nursing women
• Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception or contraceptive method during this study and 6 months following the completion of chemotherapy treatments
• History of prior radiation therapy or chemotherapy for glioma; note: patients who have a history of prior low grade glioma (with or without a distant history of prior surgery for that glioma), but who have never received prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy for the glioma are eligible for the study
• Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
• Concomitant serious immunocompromised status (other than that related to concomitant steroids) that would compromise the safety of the patient on the study
• Patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and currently receiving retroviral therapy are not eligible; note: patients known to be HIV positive, but without clinical evidence of an immunocompromised state, are eligible for the study
• Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
• Receiving any other investigational agent that would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
• Other active malignancy within 5 years of registration; exceptions: non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix; note: if there is a history of prior malignancy, the patient is not eligible if they are receiving other specific treatment (with the exclusion of hormonal therapy or Her-2 inhibitors) for their cancer or if they have received prior total body irradiation which included the brain
• History of myocardial infarction =< 6 months, or congestive heart failure requiring use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias
• Recent history of hepatitis infection or if the treating physician determined that the patient would be at significant risk of reactivation of hepatitis
Drug: concomitant temozolomide (TMZ), Radiation: radiotherapy, Drug: procarbazine, Drug: adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ), Drug: CCNU, Drug: vincristine
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
adult anaplastic astrocytoma, adult anaplastic oligodendroglioma, adult mixed glioma
UT Southwestern; Children’s Health
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Single Fraction Stereotactic Radiosurgery Compared With Fractionated Stereotactic Radiosurgery in Treating Patients With Resected Metastatic Brain Disease

This phase III trial studies how well single fraction stereotactic radiosurgery works compared with fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery in treating patients with cancer that has spread to the brain from other parts of the body and has been removed by surgery. Single fraction stereotactic radiosurgery is a specialized radiation therapy that delivers a single, high dose of radiation directly to the tumor and may cause less damage to normal tissue. Fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery delivers multiple, smaller doses of radiation therapy over time. This study may help doctors find out if fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery is better or worse than the usual approach with single fraction stereotactic radiosurgery.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Tu Dan
169925
All
18 Years and over
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04114981
STU-2020-0176
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Inclusion Criteria:
PRE-REGISTRATION:
• Pathology from the resected brain metastasis must be consistent with a non-central nervous system primary site. Patients with or without active disease outside the nervous system are eligible (including patients with unknown primaries), as long as the pathology from the brain is consistent with a non-central nervous system primary site.
• Three or fewer (i.e. 0 to 3) unresected brain metastases (as defined on the post operative magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) at the time of screening. o Note: Dural based metastases (e.g. commonly seen in breast cancer) are eligible.
• Unresected lesions must measure < 4.0 cm in maximal extent on the contrasted post-operative treatment MRI brain scan. The unresected lesions will be treated with SRS as outlined in the treatment section of the concept. o Note: The metastases size restriction does not apply to the resected brain metastasis.
• One brain metastasis must be completely (gross total resection) resected =< 30 days prior to pre-registration. o NOTE: May not have had resection of more than one brain metastasis.
• The resected brain metastasis must measure 2 cm or larger on the pre-operative MRI.
• Resection cavity must measure < 5.0 cm in maximal extent and the resection must be complete (gross total resection) on the post-operative MRI obtained =< 30 days prior to pre-registration.
• Karnofsky performance status of >= 60.
• For women of childbearing potential only, a negative urine or serum pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to pre-registration is required.
• Men and women of childbearing potential must be willing to employ adequate contraception throughout the study and for men for up to 3 months after completing treatment.
• A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature female who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
• Ability to complete an MRI of the head with contrast.
• The brain metastasis must be located > 5 mm of the optic chiasm and outside the brain stem.
• Must not have any prior whole brain radiation therapy.
• Past radiosurgery to other lesions is allowed. o NOTE: The surgically resected lesion cannot be the same location treated in the past with radiosurgery (i.e. repeat radiosurgery to the same location/lesion is not allowed on this protocol).
• May not have primary germ cell tumor, small cell carcinoma, or lymphoma.
• No evidence of leptomeningeal metastasis (LMD). o NOTE: For the purposes of exclusion, LMD is a clinical diagnosis, defined as positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology and/or equivocal radiologic or clinical evidence of leptomeningeal involvement. Patients with leptomeningeal symptoms in the setting of leptomeningeal enhancement by imaging (MRI) would be considered to have LMD even in the absence of positive CSF cytology, unless a parenchymal lesion can adequately explain the neurologic symptoms and/or signs. In contrast, an asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patient with mild or nonspecific leptomeningeal enhancement (MRI) would not be considered to have LMD. In that patient, CSF sampling is not required to formally exclude LMD, but can be performed at the investigator's discretion based on level of clinical suspicion.
• Must be fluent in English, Spanish, or French. REGISTRATION: • Completion of all baseline electronic patient-reported outcome (ePRO) quality of life measures (or booklet quality of life measures) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA).
Radiation: Single Fraction Stereotactic Radiosurgery, Radiation: Fractionated Stereotactic Radiosurgery, Procedure: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Other: Questionnaire Administration
Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm in the Brain
UT Southwestern; Children’s Health
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Phase I/II Study of MEK162 for Children With Ras/Raf Pathway Activated Tumors

The main purpose of phase I studies in general is to determine the best dose ("maximum tolerated dose") of a drug, and to find out the most common side effects. The main purpose of the phase I component of this study specifically is to determine the best dose of the experimental drug MEK162 and to find out whether the drug is safe in children and adolescents with tumors that have grown or come back despite standard therapy. Another purpose of this study is to measure the concentration of drug in the blood to help understand how much drug gets into the body and how quickly the drug is removed from the body. Another purpose of this study is to determine whether MEK162 turns off the Ras/Raf/MAP pathway as expected by measuring this pathway in blood cells. Finally, in this study, the investigators hope to start finding out whether or not MEK162 causes different types of tumors in children to shrink or stop growing. The main purpose of the phase II component of the study is to determine whether MEK162 causes specific types of tumors in children and adolescents to shrink or stop growing. These specific types of tumors include low-grade gliomas, tumors in patients with a genetic condition called neurofibromatosis type 1, and other tumors thought to be caused by abnormal activation of the Ras/Raf/MEK molecular pathway. Another purpose of this study is for researchers to learn whether specific abnormalities in the DNA of tumors can help predict whether tumors will respond to MEK162.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Daniel Bowers
10760
All
1 Year to 18 Years old
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02285439
STU 062016-047
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients with recurrent, refractory, or progressive non-hematologic malignancies (CNS or solid tumors) characterized by known or presumed Ras-Raf pathway activation will be eligible.
• Age >1 year and <18 years.
• Karnofsky Performance Scale (patients > 12 years old) or Lansky Play
•Performance Scale (patients ≤ 12 years old) > 60.
• Normal organ and marrow function as defined below:
• Absolute neutrophil count > 1,000/mcL
• Platelets > 75,000/mcL and > 7 days since last platelet transfusion. Hemoglobin > 9gm/dL and > 7 days since last red blood cell transfusion
• Not refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions
• Hepatic: Total bilirubin 1.5 times the upper limit of normal; SGPT (ALT) and SGOT (AST) < 3 times the institutional upper limit of normal.
• Renal: Serum creatinine < 1.5 times the upper limit of institutional normal for age or GFR > 70 ml/min/1.73m2.
• QTc interval < 450ms.
• Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) > 50%.
• Female patients of childbearing potential must have negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 72 hours of the first dose of MEK162. Patient must not be pregnant or breast-feeding. Patients of childbearing or child-fathering potential must be willing to use a medically acceptable form of birth control, which includes abstinence, while being treated on this study.
• Patient must be able to take oral/enteral medication.
• Patient, parent, or legal guardian must be able to understand and willing to provide informed consent.
• Patients must have recovered from the effects of prior therapy.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients must not have any significant medical illnesses that in the investigator's opinion cannot be adequately controlled with appropriate therapy or would compromise the patient's ability to tolerate this therapy.
• History of Gilbert's syndrome.
• Patients receiving any other anticancer or experimental drug therapy.
• Use of hematopoietic growth factors within 2 weeks prior to initiation of therapy.
• Any other investigational agents within 2 weeks or ≤ 5 x t1/2 (whichever is longer) before start of study therapy
• Patients who have undergone surgery ≤ 3 weeks or who have not recovered from side effects of this procedure prior to receiving study drug.
• Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, impaired gastrointestinal function, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
• History or current evidence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) or predisposing factors to RVO (e.g. uncontrolled glaucoma or ocular hypertension, history of hyperviscosity or hypercoagulability syndromes)
• History of retinal degenerative disease
• Prior therapy with a MEK inhibitor.
• Impairment of gastrointestinal function (e.g., active ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome).
• Patients who have a neuromuscular disorder that is associated with elevated CK (e.g., inflammatory myopathies, muscular dystrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, spinal muscular atrophy).
Drug: MEK162
Low-Grade Gliomas, Malignant Neoplasms, Brain, Soft Tissue Neoplasms, Brain and Nervous System
Pediatric Oncology, Ras/Raf pathway, Low-Grade Glioma, MEK inhibitor
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Iobenguane I-131 or Crizotinib and Standard Therapy in Treating Younger Patients With Newly-Diagnosed High-Risk Neuroblastoma or Ganglioneuroblastoma

This phase III trial studies iobenguane I-131 or crizotinib and standard therapy in treating younger patients with newly-diagnosed high-risk neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma. Radioactive drugs, such as iobenguane I-131, may carry radiation directly to tumor cells and not harm normal cells. Crizotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving iobenguane I-131 or crizotinib and standard therapy may work better compared to crizotinib and standard therapy alone in treating younger patients with neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Tanya Watt
128737
All
365 Days to 30 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03126916
STU 052018-099
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must be enrolled on ANBL00B1 or APEC14B1 prior to enrollment on ANBL1531
• Patients must have a diagnosis of neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma (nodular) verified by tumor pathology analysis or demonstration of clumps of tumor cells in bone marrow with elevated urinary catecholamine metabolites; the following disease groups are eligible:
• Patients with International Neuroblastoma Risk Group (INRG) stage M disease are eligible if found to have either of the following features:
• MYCN amplification (> 4-fold increase in MYCN signals as compared to reference signals), regardless of additional biologic features; OR
• Age > 547 days regardless of biologic features
• Patients with INRG stage MS disease with MYCN amplification
• Patients with INRG stage L2 disease with MYCN amplification
• Patients > 547 days of age initially diagnosed with INRG stage L1, L2 or MS disease who progressed to stage M without prior chemotherapy may enroll within 4 weeks of progression to stage M
• Patients >= 365 days of age initially diagnosed with MYCN amplified INRG stage L1 disease who progress to stage M without systemic therapy may enroll within 4 weeks of progression to stage M
• Patients initially recognized to have high-risk disease must have had no prior systemic therapy (other than topotecan/cyclophosphamide initiated on an emergent basis and within allowed timing); patients observed or treated with a single cycle of chemotherapy per a low or intermediate risk neuroblastoma regimen (e.g., as per ANBL0531, ANBL1232 or similar) for what initially appeared to be non-high risk disease but subsequently found to meet the criteria will also be eligible; patients who receive localized emergency radiation to sites of life-threatening or function-threatening disease prior to or immediately after establishment of the definitive diagnosis will be eligible
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/sex as follows:
• 1 to < 2 years: male = 0.6; female = 0.6
• 2 to < 6 years: male = 0.8; female = 0.8
• 6 to < 10 years: male = 1; female = 1
• 10 to < 13 years: male = 1.2; female = 1.2
• 13 to < 16 years: male = 1.5; female = 1.4
• >= 16 years: male = 1.7; female = 1.4
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age, and
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) < 10 x ULN; for the purposes of this study, ULN for SGPT (ALT) is 45
• Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram, or ejection fraction of > 50% by echocardiogram or radionuclide angiogram
• No known contraindication to peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection; examples of contraindications might be a weight or size less than the collecting institution finds feasible, or a physical condition that would limit the ability of the child to undergo apheresis catheter placement (if necessary) and/or the apheresis procedure
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with INRG stage L2 tumors without amplification of MYCN regardless of tumor histology (may meet criteria for high risk classification but are not eligible for this trial)
• Patients with bone marrow failure syndromes
• Patients for whom targeted radiopharmaceutical therapy would be contraindicated due to underlying medical disorders
• Female patients who are pregnant since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs; a pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
Procedure: Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Drug: Busulfan, Drug: Carboplatin, Drug: Cisplatin, Drug: Crizotinib, Drug: Cyclophosphamide, Drug: Dexrazoxane Hydrochloride, Biological: Dinutuximab, Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride, Drug: Etoposide Phosphate, Radiation: External Beam Radiation Therapy, Radiation: Iobenguane I-131, Drug: Isotretinoin, Drug: Melphalan Hydrochloride, Biological: Sargramostim, Procedure: Therapeutic Conventional Surgery, Drug: Thiotepa, Drug: Topotecan Hydrochloride, Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Neuroblastoma, Ganglioneuroblastoma, INRG Stage L2, INRG Stage M, INRG Stage MS, Brain and Nervous System
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Genetic Testing in Guiding Treatment for Patients With Brain Metastases

This phase II trial studies how well genetic testing works in guiding treatment for patients with solid tumors that have spread to the brain. Several genes have been found to be altered or mutated in brain metastases such as NTRK, ROS1, CDK or PI3K. Medications that target these genes such as abemaciclib, paxalisib, and entrectinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Genetic testing may help doctors tailor treatment for each mutation.
Call 833-722-6237
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Edward Pan
138922
All
18 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03994796
STU-2019-1551
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Inclusion Criteria:
PRE-REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA (ALL PATIENTS) • Tissue available for biomarker testing (any brain metastasis tissue and extracranial site from any prior resection or biopsy). REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA (ALL PATIENTS)
• Participants must have histologically confirmed parenchymal metastatic disease to the brain from any solid tumor. Note: this includes patients that have controlled extracranial disease with progressive intracranial metastasis, as well as patients that have progressive intracranial and extracranial disease.
• New or progressive brain metastases are defined as any one of the following:
• Untreated measurable lesions in patients who have received surgery and/or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) to one or more other lesions.
• Progressive measurable lesions after radiation, surgery, or prior systemic therapy
• Residual or progressive lesions after surgery if asymptomatic.
• Patients who have had prior whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) and/or SRS and then whose lesions have progressed by BM-RANO criteria or there are new lesions, are eligible. Lesions treated with SRS may be eligible if there is unequivocal evidence of progression. For patients with NTRK or ROS1 mutations, entrectinib may be used for newly diagnosed brain metastases.
• Patients who have not previously been treated with cranial radiation (e.g. WBRT or SRS) are eligible, but such patients must be asymptomatic or neurologically stable from their CNS metastases.
• Measurable CNS disease (=> 10 mm).
• Ability to obtain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)s with contrast
• No surgery within 2 weeks prior to or after registration.
• No chemotherapy within 14 days prior to registration (Note: for abemaciclib arm, a 21-day chemotherapy washout is required).
• For melanoma, patients must have progressed after prior immune checkpoint blockade or for BRAF positive melanoma, BRAF/MEK inhibitors.
• For lung cancer, EGFR mutant patients must have failed EGFR therapies
• For HER2-positive breast cancer patients (regardless of ER/PR status), patients must have received at least one prior HER-2 directed therapy in the metastatic setting.
• For triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), patients must have received at least one chemotherapy in the metastatic setting.
• For estrogen receptor (ER) and/or progesterone receptor (PR)+ HER2-negative breast cancer, patients must have received at least one endocrine therapy in the metastatic setting.
• Patients who have received prior treatment with any of the targeted treatments on this study are not eligible for that specific treatment arm(s), but could be eligible for other arms (e.g., a patient who has had prior treatment with abemaciclib would not be eligible for the abemaciclib arm, but could be eligible for another arm).
• Presence of clinically actionable alteration in NTRK, ROS1, or CDK pathway or PI3K pathway in both a brain metastasis and extracranial site per central review.
• Not pregnant and not nursing, because this study involves investigational agents whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown. Therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative pregnancy test done =< 14 days prior to registration is required (Note: for abemaciclib arm, pregnancy test is required =< 7 days prior to registration).
• No known current diffuse leptomeningeal involvement (diffuse defined as leptomeningeal involvement throughout the CNS axis; if there is documented positive CSF cytology, patient is ineligible).
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2.
• Adequate organ function.
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm^3.
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3.
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) except in patients with Gilbert's disease. Patients with Gilbert's syndrome with a total bilirubin ≤2.0 times ULN and direct bilirubin within normal limits are permitted.
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN).
• Creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL OR calculated (Calc.) creatinine clearance > 45 mL/min.
• No uncontrolled medical comorbidities per investigator discretion (e.g. interstitial lung disease, severe dyspnea at rest or requiring oxygen therapy, severe renal impairment [e.g. estimated creatinine clearance <30ml/min], history of major surgical resection involving the stomach or small bowel, or preexisting Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis or a preexisting chronic condition resulting in baseline Grade 2 or higher diarrhea)
• Radiation to symptomatic non-target sites within neural axis is allowed prior to registration without washout (provided there is at least one untreated target lesion for measurement on study and radiation is completed prior to registration).
• Concurrent systemic corticosteroids are allowed if stable dose of dexamethasone for 7 days prior to registration. Baseline doses and changes in steroid dosing will be captured.
• No concurrent administration of anticancer therapies (except for endocrine therapy or continuation of hormonal therapy or trastuzumab in breast cancer patients). No chemotherapy, targeted therapy or immunotherapy within 14 days prior to entering the study (Note: For abemaciclib arm, a 21-day chemotherapy washout is required).
• Chronic concomitant treatment with strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 is not allowed on this study. Patients on strong CYP3A4 inhibitors must discontinue the drug 14 days prior to registration on the study.
• Chronic concomitant treatment with strong CYP3A4 inducers is not allowed. Patients must discontinue the drug 14 days prior to the start of study treatment. ADDITIONAL REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR PAXALISIB ARM
• Urine protein to creatinine (UPC) ratio < 1 or urine protein =< 1.
• Recent acute myocardial infarction in the last 6 months or current angina pectoris are excluded. Patients with symptomatic bradycardia should have an electrocardiogram at baseline. If QT interval > 470 msec, the patient is excluded.
• Patients with uncontrolled type I or II diabetes mellitus should be excluded. Uncontrolled diabetes is defined as glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) > 9% in addition to fasting glucose > 140 mg/dL on at least 2 occasions within 14 days prior to registration. ADDITIONAL REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERION FOR ENTRECTINIB ARM • Concurrent use of H2 receptor antagonists, receptor antagonists, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), and/or antacids are prohibited. ADDITIONAL REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERION FOR ABEMACICLIB ARM
• Hemoglobin >= g/dL. Patients may receive erythrocyte transfusions to achieve this hemoglobin level at the discretion of the investigator. Initial treatment must not begin earlier than the day after the erythrocyte transfusion.
• Patients who received chemotherapy must have recovered (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] Grade ≤1) from the acute effects of chemotherapy except for residual alopecia or Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy prior to registration. A washout period of at least 21 days is required between last chemotherapy dose and registration (provided the patient did not receive radiotherapy).
• Patients who received adjuvant radiotherapy must have completed and fully recovered from the acute effects of radiotherapy. A washout period of at least 14 days is required between end of radiotherapy and registration.
• Breast cancer patients who have received ribociclib or palbociclib are eligible as long as there is documentation of CDK4/6 pathway alteration on a biopsy or resection at the point of progression post-ribociclib or palbociclib.
• For females of childbearing potential: A female of childbearing potential, must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to registration and agree to use a highly effective contraception method during the treatment period and for 3 weeks following the last dose of abemaciclib. Contraceptive methods may include an intrauterine device [IUD] or barrier method. If condoms are used as a barrier method, a spermicidal agent should be added as a double barrier protection. Cases of pregnancy that occur during maternal exposures to abemaciclib should be reported. If a patient or spouse/partner is determined to be pregnant following abemaciclib initiation, she must discontinue treatment immediately. Data on fetal outcome and breast-feeding are to be collected for regulatory reporting and drug safety evaluation.
• Patients with active bacterial infection (requiring intravenous [IV] antibiotics at time of initiating study treatment), fungal infection, or detectable viral infection (such as known human immunodeficiency virus positivity or with known active hepatitis B or C [for example, hepatitis B surface antigen positive] are excluded. Screening is not required for enrollment.
• Patients with personal history of any of the following conditions: syncope of cardiovascular etiology, ventricular arrhythmia of pathological origin (including, but not limited to, ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation), or sudden cardiac arrest, are excluded.
Drug: Abemaciclib, Drug: PI3K Inhibitor paxalisib, Drug: Entrectinib
ROS1 Gene Mutation, Metastatic Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm in the Brain, CDK Gene Mutation, NTRK Family Gene Mutation, PI3K Gene Mutation
UT Southwestern
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Irinotecan Hydrochloride, Temozolomide, and Dinutuximab With or Without Eflornithine in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Neuroblastoma

This phase II trial studies how well irinotecan hydrochloride, temozolomide, and dinutuximab work with or without eflornithine in treating patients with neuroblastoma that has come back (relapsed) or that isn't responding to treatment (refractory). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as irinotecan hydrochloride and temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as dinutuximab, may induce changes in the body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Eflornithine blocks the production of chemicals called polyamines that are important in the growth of cancer cells. Giving eflornithine with irinotecan hydrochloride, temozolomide, and dinutuximab, may work better in treating patients with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Tanya Watt
128737
All
1 Year and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03794349
STU-2019-1024
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must have had histologic verification of neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma or demonstration of neuroblastoma cells in the bone marrow with elevated urinary catecholamines (i.e. > 2 x upper limit of normal [ULN]), at the time of initial diagnosis.
• For the purposes of this study, aggressive multidrug chemotherapy is defined as chemotherapy including 2 or more agents that must include an alkylating agent and a platinum-containing compound as intended to treat high-risk disease. The doses of chemotherapy must be comparable to those used in frontline high-risk neuroblastoma therapies (examples include A3973, ANBL0532, ANBL09P1, ANBL12P1, and ANBL1531). Patients must have ONE of the following:
• First episode of recurrent high-risk disease following completion of aggressive multi-drug frontline high-risk therapy.
• First episode of progressive high-risk disease during aggressive multi-drug frontline therapy.
• Primary resistant/refractory disease (less than partial response by International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria [INRC]) detected at the conclusion of at least 4 cycles of aggressive multidrug induction chemotherapy on or according to a high-risk neuroblastoma protocol (examples include A3973, ANBL0532, ANBL09P1, ANBL12P1, ANBL1531, etc.).
• Patients must have at least ONE of the following at the time of enrollment:
• Measurable tumor on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan. Measurable is defined as >= 10 mm in at least one dimension on spiral/helical CT that is metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) avid or demonstrates increased fludeoxyglucose F-18 (FDG) uptake on positron emission tomography (PET) scan.
• MIBG-avid lesion detected on MIBG scan with positive uptake at a minimum of one site. This site must represent disease recurrence after completion of therapy, progressive disease on therapy, or refractory disease during induction.
• Patients with resistant/refractory soft tissue disease that is not MIBG avid or does not demonstrate increased FDG uptake on PET scan must undergo biopsy to document the presence of viable neuroblastoma. Biopsy is not required for patients who have a new site of soft tissue disease (radiographic evidence of disease progression) regardless of whether progression occurs while receiving therapy or after completion of therapy.
• Patients with bone marrow disease only will be eligible if they have more than 5% disease involvement (documented neuroblastoma cells) in at least one sample from bilateral bone marrow biopsies.
• Note: Patients with elevated catecholamines (i.e. > 2 x ULN) only are NOT eligible for this study.
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1 or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age.
• Primary refractory/resistant patients must have received at least 4 cycles of frontline high-risk chemotherapy. Frontline therapy may also have included surgery, chemotherapy, autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT) +/- MIBG, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, and retinoids but must NOT have received second line therapy for resistant/refractory, relapsed, or progressive disease. Patients who received intensified therapy for poor induction response or refractory disease (e.g. MIBG) will be considered to have received second line therapy and will not be eligible.
• At least 14 days must have elapsed since completion of myelosuppressive therapy.
• Anti-cancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g. not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil count [ANC] counts): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent.
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1.
• No interim time prior to study entry is required following prior radiation therapy (RT) for non-target lesions. However, patients must not have received radiation for a minimum of 4 weeks prior to study entry at the site of any lesion that will be identified as a target lesion to measure tumor response. Lesions that have been previously radiated cannot be used as target lesions unless there is radiographic evidence of progression at the site following radiation or a biopsy done following radiation shows viable neuroblastoma. Palliative radiation while on study is not permitted.
• Patients are eligible >= 6 weeks after autologous stem cell transplants or stem cell infusions (including stem cell infusions given as supportive care following 131 I-MIBG therapy) as long as hematologic and other eligibility criteria have been met.
• Patients are eligible >= 6 weeks after therapeutic 131 I-MIBG provided that all other eligibility criteria are met.
• Subjects who have previously received anti-GD2 monoclonal antibodies with or without retinoids for biologic therapy are eligible unless they have had progressive disease while receiving prior anti-GD2 therapy or progressed/relapsed within 3 months of receiving anti-GD2 therapy. However, eligible patients may NOT have received anti-GD2 monoclonal antibodies in combination with chemotherapy.
• Subjects who have received autologous marrow infusions or autologous stem cell infusions that were purged using monoclonal antibody linked to beads are eligible.
• Subjects who have previously received DFMO are eligible for this study provided they have not had progressive disease while receiving DFMO or progressed/relapsed within 3 months of completing DFMO.
• Patients must not have received long-acting myeloid growth factors (e.g. pegfilgrastim) within 14 days of entry on this study. Seven days must have elapsed since administration of a short-acting myeloid growth factor.
• For patients with solid tumors (without marrow involvement) including status post SCT: peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 750/uL (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• For patients with solid tumors (without marrow involvement) including status post SCT: platelet count >= 75,000/uL (transfusion independent) (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Patients known to have bone marrow involvement with neuroblastoma are eligible provided that minimum ANC and transfusion independent platelet count criteria are met (as above). However, these patients are not evaluable for hematological toxicity.
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• 1 to < 2 years (male 0.6 mg/dL, female 0.6 mg/dL)
• 2 to < 6 years (male 0.8 mg/dL, female 0.8 mg/dL)
• 6 to < 10 years (male 1 mg/dL, female 1 mg/dL)
• 10 to < 13 years (male 1.2 mg/dL, female 1.2 mg/dL)
• 13 to < 16 years (male 1.5 mg/dL, female 1.4 mg/dL)
• >= 16 years (male 1.7 mg/dL, female 1.4 mg/dL) (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN for age (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 5.0 x ULN for age (=< 225 U/L). For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiography (ECHO) (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Ejection fraction of >= 50% by ECHO or gated radionuclide study (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• No evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance, no chronic oxygen requirement, and room air pulse oximetry > 94% if there is a clinical indication for pulse oximetry. Normal pulmonary function tests in patients who are capable of cooperating with testing (including diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide [DLCO)] are required if there is a clinical indication for determination. For patients who do not have respiratory symptoms, full pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are NOT required.
• Patients with a history of central nervous system (CNS) disease must have no clinical or radiological evidence of active CNS disease at the time of study enrollment.
• Patients with seizure disorders may be enrolled if seizures are well controlled on anti-convulsants.
• CNS toxicity =< grade 2.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Men and women of childbearing potential and their partners must agree to use adequate contraception while enrolled on this study. Based on the established teratogenic potential of alkylating agents, pregnant women will be excluded from this study. Because of potential risks to breastfed infants due to drug metabolites that could be excreted in breast milk, female patients who are lactating must agree to stop breastfeeding or will otherwise be excluded from this study. Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test to be eligible for this study.
• Patients with only elevated catecholamines (i.e. > 2 x ULN) are NOT eligible for this study.
• Patients must have been off pharmacologic doses of systemic steroids for at least 7 days prior to enrollment. Patients who require or are likely to require pharmacologic doses of systemic corticosteroids while receiving treatment on this study are ineligible. The only exception is for patients known to require 2 mg/kg or less of hydrocortisone (or an equivalent dose of an alternative corticosteroid) as premedication for blood product administration in order to avoid allergic transfusion reactions. The use of conventional doses of inhaled steroids for the treatment of asthma is permitted, as is the use of physiologic doses of steroids for patients with known adrenal insufficiency. Patients on any other immunosuppressive medications (e.g. cyclosporine, tacrolimus) are not eligible.
• Patients must not have received prior treatment with irinotecan and temozolomide.
• Patients must not have received enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants including phenytoin, phenobarbital, or carbamazepine for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment. Patients receiving non-enzyme inducing anticonvulsants such as gabapentin, valproic acid, or levetiracetam will be eligible.
• Patients who have received drugs that are strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 within 7 days prior to study enrollment are not eligible.
• Patients must not have been diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome or with any malignancy other than neuroblastoma.
• Patients with symptoms of congestive heart failure are not eligible.
• Patients must not have >= grade 2 diarrhea.
• Patients who are unable to tolerate oral/nasogastric/gastrostomy medications will not be eligible for this trial. Additionally, patients with significant malabsorption will not be eligible for this trial.
• Patients must not have uncontrolled infection.
• Patients with a history of grade 4 allergic reactions to anti-GD2 antibodies or reactions that required permanent discontinuation of the anti-GD2 therapy are not eligible.
• Patients with a significant intercurrent illness (any ongoing serious medical problem unrelated to cancer or its treatment) that is not covered by the detailed exclusion criteria and that is expected to interfere with the action of study agents or to significantly increase the severity of the toxicities experienced from study treatment are not eligible.
Biological: Dinutuximab, Drug: Eflornithine Hydrochloride, Drug: Irinotecan Hydrochloride, Biological: Sargramostim, Drug: Temozolomide
Brain and Nervous System, High Risk Neuroblastoma, Recurrent Ganglioneuroblastoma, Refractory Ganglioneuroblastoma
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Phase 2 Clinical Trial of Crizotinib for Children and Adults With Neurofibromatosis Type 2 and Progressive Vestibular Schwannomas (NF110)

Subjects with Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2) and progressive vestibular schwannoma (VS) will be treated with crizotinib administered orally. Crizotinib will be taken continuously until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity, in continuous treatment cycles of 28 days each, for a maximum of 12 cycles.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Laura Klesse
13954
All
6 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04283669
STU-2019-1564
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Inclusion Criteria:
Participants must meet the following criteria on screening examination to be eligible to participate in the study: Patients must have a confirmed diagnosis of neurofibromatosis 2 by fulfilling National Institute of Health (NIH) criteria or Manchester criteria, or by detection of a causative mutation in the NF2 gene. The NIH criteria include presence of:
• Bilateral vestibular schwannomas, OR
• First-degree relative with NF2 and EITHER unilateral eighth nerve mass OR
• Two of the following: neurofibroma, meningioma, glioma, schwannoma, juvenile posterior subcapsular lenticular opacity. The Manchester criteria include presence of:
• Bilateral vestibular schwannomas, OR First-degree relative with NF2 and EITHER unilateral eighth nerve mass OR
•Two of the following: neurofibroma, meningioma, glioma, schwannoma, juvenile posterior subcapsular lenticular opacity OR
• Unilateral vestibular schwannoma AND any two of: neurofibroma, meningioma, glioma, schwannoma, juvenile posterior subcapsular lenticular opacity, OR
• Multiple meningiomas (two or more) AND unilateral vestibular schwannoma OR
• Any two of: schwannoma, glioma, neurofibroma, cataract. Patients must have progressive and measurable disease, defined as at least one VS with the following qualities:
• ≥ 0.75 ml (on volumetric analysis) that can be accurately measured by contrast-enhanced cranial MRI scan with fine cuts through the internal auditory canal (1 mm slices, no skip)
• MRI evidence of progression over the past 18 months (defined as ≥20% annualized increase in volume) Age ≥ 6 years on day 1 of treatment. Life expectancy of greater than 1 year. Lansky/Karnofsky performance status ≥ 60 Organ and marrow function as defined below:
• Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/ μl
• Platelets ≥ 100,000/ μl
• Total bilirubin within ≤ 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
• AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
• Patients must have a creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR ≥60ml/min/1.73 ≥60ml/min/1.73 m2 or a normal serum creatinine based on age/gender described in the table below:
• Age: 6 to < 10 years with a Maximum Serum Creatinine (mg/dL) of 1 for Male and 1 for Female
• Age: 10 to < 13 years with a Maximum Serum Creatinine (mg/dL) of 1.2 for Male and 1.2 for Female
• Age: 13 to < 16 years with a Maximum Serum Creatinine (mg/dL) of 1.5 for Male and 1.4 for Female
• Age: ≥ 16 years with a Maximum Serum Creatinine (mg/dL) of 1.7 for Male and 1.4 for Female The threshold creatinine values in this Table were derived from the Schwartz formula for estimating GFR utilizing child length and stature data published by the CDC. Fully recovered from acute toxic effects of any prior chemotherapy, biological modifiers or radiotherapy Any neurologic deficits must be stable for ≥1 week Patient or parent/legal guardian must be able to provide signed informed consent and assent (as applicable for minors)
Exclusion Criteria:
Participants who exhibit any of the following conditions at screening will not be eligible for admission into the study. Patients currently receiving medical anticancer therapies or who have received medical anticancer therapies within 4 weeks of the start of study drug (including chemotherapy and molecular targeted agents), as these may interfere with the study drug Monoclonal antibody treatment and/or agents with prolonged half-lives: At least three half-lives must have elapsed from the last dose prior to enrollment Radiation therapy to a study target tumor within 1 year prior to enrollment, or any radiation therapy within 4 weeks prior to enrollment, as these may interfere with our ability to assess response to study drug Prior treatment with any investigational drug within the preceding 4 weeks, as they may interfere with the study drug Unstable or rapidly progressive disease, including patients who require glucocorticoids for symptomatic control of brain or spinal tumors, as this would represent a high risk for inability to comply with the study requirements Use of drugs or foods that are known potent CYP3A4 inhibitors, including but not limited to ketoconazole, itraconazole, miconazole, clarithromycin, erythromycin, ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, saquinavir, amprenavir, delavirdine, nefazodone, diltiazem, verapamil, and grapefruit juice, as this would interfere with study drug metabolism Use of drugs that are known potent CYP3A4 inducers, including but not limited to carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifabutin, rifampin, tipranavir, ritonavir, and St. John's wort, as this would interfere with study drug metabolism Use of drugs that are CYP3A4 substrates with narrow therapeutic indices, including but not limited to pimozide, aripiprazole, triazolam, dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, astemizole, cisapride, terfenadine and halofantrine, as this would interfere with study drug metabolism Ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias of CTCAE grade ≥2, uncontrolled atrial fibrillation of any grade or prolonged QTc interval (>480 msec), as patients with these conditions would be expected to have an increased risk for cardiac toxicity related to study drug Patients who have any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions or other conditions that could affect their participation in the study such as:
• symptomatic congestive heart failure of New York heart Association Class III or IV
• unstable angina pectoris, symptomatic congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction within 6 months of start of study drug, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia or any other clinically significant cardiac disease
• severely impaired lung function as defined as spirometry and DLCO that is 50% of the normal predicted value and/or O2 saturation that is 90% or less at rest on room air
• active (acute or chronic) or uncontrolled severe infections liver disease, such as cirrhosis or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C) Impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease that may significantly alter the absorption of crizotinib (e.g., ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome or small bowel resection) Female patients who are pregnant or breast feeding, or adults of reproductive potential who are not using effective birth control methods. Adequate contraception must be used throughout the trial and for 90 days after the last dose of study drug, as the effects of crizotinib on an unborn fetus are not known. Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to administration of crizotinib. Male patients whose sexual partner(s) are women of child bearing potential, who are not willing to use adequate contraception during the study and for 90 days after the last dose of study drug. History of significant noncompliance to medical regimens that would jeopardize compliance with study therapy Patients unwilling to or unable to comply with the study protocol
Drug: Crizotinib
Neurofibromatosis 2, Progressive Vestibular Schwannoma (VS), Brain and Nervous System
UT Southwestern; Parkland Health & Hospital System
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A Study of the Drugs Selumetinib Versus Carboplatin/Vincristine in Patients With Neurofibromatosis and Low-Grade Glioma

This phase III trial studies if selumetinib works just as well as the standard treatment with carboplatin/vincristine (CV) for subjects with NF1-associated low grade glioma (LGG), and to see if selumetinib is better than CV in improving vision in subjects with LGG of the optic pathway (vision nerves). Selumetinib is a drug that works by blocking some enzymes that low-grade glioma tumor cells need for their growth. This results in killing tumor cells. Drugs used as chemotherapy, such as carboplatin and vincristine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether selumetinib works better in treating patients with NF1-associated low-grade glioma compared to standard therapy with carboplatin and vincristine.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Laura Klesse
13954
All
2 Years to 21 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03871257
STU-2019-1466
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must have a body surface area (BSA) of >= 0.5 m^2 at enrollment
• Patients must have neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) based on clinical criteria and/or germline genetic testing
• Patients must be newly diagnosed or have previously diagnosed NF-1 associated LGG that has not been treated with any modality other than surgery
• For patients with optic pathway gliomas (OPGs):
• Newly-diagnosed patients with OPG are eligible if there are neurologic symptoms (including visual dysfunction, as defined below) or other exam findings associated with the tumor
• Previously-diagnosed patients with OPG are eligible if they have new or worsening neurologic symptoms (including visual dysfunction, as defined below) or have tumor growth
• For both newly-diagnosed and previously-diagnosed OPG, the patient may be eligible, irrespective of whether there has been tumor growth or other neurological symptoms or worsening, if they meet at least one of the following visual criteria:
• Visual worsening, defined as worsening of visual acuity (VA) or visual fields (VF) documented within the past year (by examination or history); OR
• Significant visual dysfunction (defined as VA worse than normal for age by 0.6 logMAR [20/80, 6/24, or 2.5/10] or more in one or both eyes)
• For patients with LGG in other locations (i.e., not OPGs):
• Newly-diagnosed patients with LGG are eligible if there are neurologic symptoms or other exam findings associated with the tumor
• NOTE: Newly-diagnosed patients with LGG without associated neurologic symptoms or exam findings are not eligible
• Previously-diagnosed patients with LGG are eligible if they have new or worsening neurologic symptoms or have tumor growth
• Although not required, if a biopsy/tumor resection is performed, eligible histologies will include all tumors considered LGG or low-grade astrocytoma (World Health Organization [WHO] grade I and II) by 5th edition WHO classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors with the exception of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma
• Patients must have two-dimensional measurable tumor >= 1 cm^2
• Patients with metastatic disease or multiple independent primary LGGs are allowed on study
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration Rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR a serum creatinine based on age/gender within 7 days prior to enrollment as follows:
• Age; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL)
• 2 to < 6 years; 0.8 (male) and 0.8 (female)
• 6 to < 10 years; 1 (male) and 1 (female)
• 10 to < 13 years; 1.2 (male) and 1.2 (female)
• 13 to < 16 years; 1.5 (male) and 1.4 (female)
• >= 16 years; 1.7 (male) and 1.4 (female)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age within 7 days prior to enrollment (children with a diagnosis of Gilbert's syndrome will be allowed on study regardless of their total and indirect [unconjugated] bilirubin levels as long as their direct [conjugated] bilirubin is < 3.1 mg/dL)
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN) = 135 U/L within 7 days prior to enrollment. For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
• Albumin >= 2 g/dL within 7 days prior to enrollment
• Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 53% (or institutional normal; if the LVEF result is given as a range of values, then the upper value of the range will be used) by echocardiogram within 7 days prior to enrollment
• Corrected QT (QTc) interval =< 450 msec by electrocardiography (EKG) within 7 days prior to enrollment
• Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/uL (unsupported) within 7 days prior to enrollment
• Platelets >= 100,000/uL (unsupported) within 7 days prior to enrollment
• Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (may be supported) within 7 days prior to enrollment
• Patients with a known seizure disorder should be stable and should have not experienced a significant increase in seizure frequency within 2 weeks prior to enrollment
• Patients 2-17 years of age must have a blood pressure that is =< 95th percentile for age, height, and gender at the time of enrollment. Patients >= 18 years of age must have a blood pressure =< 130/80 mmHg at the time of enrollment (with or without the use of antihypertensive medications).
• Note: Adequate blood pressure can be achieved using medication for the treatment of hypertension
• All patients must have ophthalmology toxicity assessments performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• For all patients, an MRI of the brain (with orbital cuts for optic pathway tumors) and/or spine (depending on the site(s) of primary disease) with and without contrast must be performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• For patients who undergo a surgery on the target tumor (not required), a pre- and post-operative* MRI of the brain (with orbital cuts for optic pathway tumors) or spine (depending on the site(s) of primary disease) with and without contrast must also be performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• The post-operative MRIs should be performed ideally within 48 hours after surgery if possible
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
• Patients must have the ability to swallow whole capsules
• Patients must have receptive and expressive language skills in English or Spanish to complete the quality of life (QOL) and neurocognitive assessments
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent.
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients must not have received any prior tumor-directed therapy including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or bone marrow transplant. Prior surgical intervention is permitted
• Patients with a concurrent malignancy or history of treatment (other than surgery) for another tumor within the last year are ineligible
• Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
• Patients with any serious medical or psychiatric illness/ condition, including substance use disorders likely in the judgement of the investigator to interfere or limit compliance with study requirements/treatment are not eligible
• Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, are not able to comply with the study procedures are not eligible
• Female patients who are pregnant are not eligible since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs. A pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants are not eligible
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation and for 12 weeks after stopping study therapy are not eligible
• Note: Women of child-bearing potential and males with sexual partners who are pregnant or who could become pregnant (i.e., women of child-bearing potential) should use effective methods of contraception for the duration of the study and for 12 weeks after stopping study therapy to avoid pregnancy and/or potential adverse effects on the developing embryo
• Cardiac conditions:
• Known genetic disorder that increases risk for coronary artery disease. Note: The presence of dyslipidemia in a family with a history of myocardial infarction is not in itself an exclusion unless there is a known genetic disorder documented
• Symptomatic heart failure
• New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-IV prior or current cardiomyopathy
• Severe valvular heart disease
• History of atrial fibrillation
• Ophthalmologic conditions:
• Current or past history of central serous retinopathy
• Current or past history of retinal vein occlusion or retinal detachment
• Patients with uncontrolled glaucoma
• If checking pressure is clinically indicated, patients with intraocular pressure (IOP) > 22 mmHg or ULN adjusted by age are not eligible
• Ophthalmological findings secondary to long-standing optic pathway glioma (such as visual loss, optic nerve pallor, or strabismus) or longstanding orbito-temporal plexiform neurofibroma (PN, such as visual loss, strabismus) will NOT be considered a significant abnormality for the purposes of the study
• Treatments and/or medications patient is receiving that would make her/him ineligible, such as:
• Supplementation with vitamin E greater than 100% of the daily recommended dose. Any multivitamin containing vitamin E must be stopped prior to study enrollment even if less than 100% of the daily recommended dosing for vitamin E
• Surgery within 2 weeks prior to enrollment, with the exception of surgical placement for vascular access or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diverting procedures such as endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt.
• Note: Patients must have healed from any prior surgery prior to enrollment
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
Drug: Carboplatin, Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Other: Questionnaire Administration, Drug: Selumetinib Sulfate, Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Neurofibromatosis Type 1, Low Grade Glioma, Visual Pathway Glioma, Brain and Nervous System
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Dabrafenib Combined With Trametinib After Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly-Diagnosed High-Grade Glioma

This phase II trial studies how well the combination of dabrafenib and trametinib works after radiation therapy in children and young adults with high grade glioma who have a genetic change called BRAF V600 mutation. Radiation therapy uses high energy rays to kill tumor cells and reduce the size of tumors. Dabrafenib and trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking BRAF and MEK, respectively, which are enzymes that tumor cells need for their growth. Giving dabrafenib with trametinib after radiation therapy may work better than treatments used in the past in patients with newly-diagnosed BRAF V600-mutant high-grade glioma.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Daniel Bowers
10760
All
3 Years to 25 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03919071
STU-2019-1457
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Inclusion Criteria:

• PRE-ENROLLMENT ELIGIBILITY SCREENING (STEP 0): Patient is suspected of having localized newly-diagnosed HGG, excluding metastatic disease
• PRE-ENROLLMENT ELIGIBILITY SCREENING (STEP 0): Patient and/or their parents or legal guardians have signed informed consent for eligibility screening on APEC14B1 Part A.
• PRE-ENROLLMENT ELIGIBILITY SCREENING (STEP 0): Specimens obtained at the time of diagnostic biopsy must be submitted through APEC14B1 as soon as possible (ASAP), preferably within 13 calendar days of the procedure.
• Patients must be >= 3 years and =< 21 years of age at the time of enrollment
• Patients must have eligibility confirmed by Rapid Central Pathology and Molecular Screening Reviews performed on APEC14B1
• Newly diagnosed high-grade glioma with BRAFV600-mutation
• Positive or negative results for H3 K27M by immunohistochemistry (IHC)
• Histologically confirmed high-grade glioma (World Health Organization [WHO] grade III or IV) including but not limited to: anaplastic astrocytoma (AA), anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (aPXA), anaplastic gangliogliomas (aGG), glioblastoma (GB), and high-grade astrocytoma, not otherwise specified (NOS)
• Patients must have had histologic verification of a high-grade glioma diagnosis. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology by lumbar puncture must be done if clinically indicated and determined to be safe prior to study enrollment. If cytology proves positive, the patient would be considered to have metastatic disease and would, therefore, be ineligible.
• A pre- and post-operative brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with and without contrast and a baseline spine MRI with contrast must be obtained prior to enrollment. The requirement for a post-operative MRI is waived for patients who undergo biopsy only. If the spine MRI is positive, the patient would be considered to have metastatic disease and would be ineligible.
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age.
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/uL (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Platelet count >= 100,000/uL (transfusion independent) (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions) (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (within 7 days prior to enrollment) or
• A serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• Age 3 to < 6 years (Male 0.8 mg/dL, Female 0.8 mg/dL)
• Age 6 to < 10 years (Male 1 mg/dL, Female 1 mg/dL)
• Age 10 to < 13 years (Male 1.2 mg/dL, Female 1.2 mg/dL)
• Age 13 to 16 < years (Male 1.5 mg/dL, Female 1.4 mg/dL)
• Age >= 16 years (Male 1.7 mg/dL, Female 1.4 mg/dL)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (within 7 days prior to enrollment), and
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (within 7 days prior to enrollment). For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L.
• Patients with a seizure disorder may be enrolled if their seizures are well controlled while on non-enzyme inducing anticonvulsants permitted on this study.
• Patients must be enrolled and protocol therapy must be projected to begin no later than 31 days after definitive surgery (day 0). If a biopsy only was performed, the biopsy date will be considered the date of definitive surgery. For patients who have a biopsy or incomplete resection at diagnosis followed by additional surgery, the date of the last resection will be considered the date of definitive surgery.
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent.
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with intrinsic brainstem or primary spinal cord tumors will be excluded.
• Patients with metastatic disease (defined as neuraxis dissemination either by imaging or by cytology) will be excluded.
• Patients must not have received any prior tumor-directed therapy including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or bone marrow transplant for the treatment of HGG other than surgical intervention and/or corticosteroids.
• Previous treatment with dabrafenib or another RAF inhibitor, trametinib or another MEK inhibitor, or an ERK inhibitor.
• Patients with a history of a malignancy with confirmed activating RAS mutation.
• History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to dabrafenib, trametinib, and their excipients.
• Uncontrolled medical conditions (e.g., diabetes mellitus, hypertension, liver disease, or uncontrolled infection), psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that do not permit compliance with the protocol; or unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures required in the protocol.
• Presence of active gastrointestinal (GI) disease or other condition (e.g., small bowel or large bowel resection) that will interfere significantly with the absorption of drugs.
• History of hepatitis B virus, or hepatitis C virus infection (patients with laboratory evidence of cleared hepatitis B virus and/or hepatitis C virus may be enrolled).
• History or current diagnosis of cardiac disease indicating significant risk of safety for patients participating in the study such as uncontrolled or significant cardiac disease, including any of the following:
• Recent myocardial infarction (within the last 6 months);
• Uncontrolled congestive heart failure;
• Unstable angina (within last 6 months);
• Clinically significant (symptomatic) or known, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias (e.g., sustained ventricular tachycardia, and clinically significant second or third degree atrioventricular [AV] block without a pacemaker) except sinus arrhythmia within the past 24 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment;
• Coronary angioplasty or stenting (within last 6 months);
• Intra-cardiac defibrillators;
• Abnormal cardiac valve morphology (>= grade 2) documented by echocardiogram.
• Patients with a history or current evidence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) or central serous retinopathy (CSR), or predisposing factors to RVO or CSR (e.g., uncontrolled glaucoma or ocular hypertension).
• Patients with presence of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis.
• Female patients who are pregnant are ineligible since there is yet no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities.
• Lactating females are not eligible unless they have agreed not to breastfeed their infants for the duration of the study and for 4 months following discontinuation of study therapy.
• Female patients of childbearing potential are not eligible unless a negative pregnancy test result has been obtained.
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential (male or female) are not eligible unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation and for 4 months following discontinuation of study therapy. Male patients (including those who have had a vasectomy) taking dabrafenib and trametinib combination therapy must use a condom during intercourse while on study and for 16 weeks after stopping treatment, and should not father a child during these periods. Women of childbearing potential should use effective non-hormonal contraception during therapy and for 4 weeks following discontinuation of dabrafenib and at least 4 months following the last dose of trametinib in patients taking combination therapy. Women should be advised that dabrafenib may decrease the efficacy of hormonal contraceptives and an alternate method of contraception, such as barrier methods, should be used.
Drug: Dabrafenib Mesylate, Radiation: Radiation Therapy, Drug: Trametinib Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Glioblastoma, Malignant Glioma, Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Anaplastic Pleomorphic Xanthoastrocytoma, Anaplastic Ganglioglioma, WHO Grade III Glioma, Brain and Nervous System
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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Study of Vorasidenib (AG-881) in Participants With Residual or Recurrent Grade 2 Glioma With an IDH1 or IDH2 Mutation (INDIGO)

Study AG881-C-004 is a phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study comparing the efficacy of vorasidenib to placebo in participants with residual or recurrent Grade 2 glioma with an IDH1 or IDH2 mutation who have undergone surgery as their only treatment. Participants will be required to have central confirmation of IDH mutation status prior to randomization. Approximately 340 participants are planned to be randomized 1:1 to receive orally administered vorasidenib 40 mg QD or placebo.
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Elizabeth Maher
80409
All
12 Years and over
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04164901
STU-2019-1448
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Key
Inclusion Criteria:

• Be at least 12 years of age and weigh at least 40 kg.
• Have Grade 2 oligodendroglioma or astrocytoma per WHO 2016 criteria.
• Have had at least 1 prior surgery for glioma (biopsy, sub-total resection, gross-total resection), with the most recent surgery having occurred at least 1 year (-1 month) and not more than 5 years (+3 months) before the date of randomization, and no other prior anticancer therapy, including chemotherapy and radiotherapy and not be in need of immediate chemotherapy or radiotherapy in the opinion of the Investigator.
• Have confirmed IDH1 (IDH1 R132H/C/G/S/L mutation variants tested) or IDH2 (IDH2 R172K/M/W/S/G mutation variants tested) gene mutation status disease by central laboratory testing during the Prescreening period and available 1p19q status by local testing (eg, fluorescence in situ hybridization [FISH], comparative genomic hybridization [CGH] array, sequencing) using an accredited laboratory.
• Have MRI-evaluable, measurable, non-enhancing disease, as confirmed by the BIRC.
• Have a Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score (for participants ≥16 years of age) or Lansky Play Performance Scale (LPPS) score (for participants <16 years of age) of ≥80%. Key
Exclusion Criteria:

• Have had any prior anticancer therapy other than surgery (biopsy, sub-total resection, gross-total resection) for treatment of glioma including systemic chemotherapy, radiotherapy, vaccines, small-molecules, IDH inhibitors, investigational agents, laser ablation, etc.
• Have features assessed as high-risk by the Investigator, including brainstem involvement either as primary location or by tumor extension, clinically relevant functional or neurocognitive deficits due to the tumor in the opinion of the Investigator (deficits resulting from surgery are allowed), or uncontrolled seizures (defined as persistent seizures interfering with activities of daily life AND failed 3 lines of antiepileptic drug regimens including at least 1 combination regimen).
Drug: Vorasidenib, Drug: Matching Placebo
Recurrent Glioma, Grade 2 Glioma, Residual Glioma, Brain and Nervous System
AG-881
UT Southwestern
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LCH-IV, International Collaborative Treatment Protocol for Children and Adolescents With Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

The LCH-IV is an international, multicenter, prospective clinical study for pediatric Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis LCH (age < 18 years).
Call 833-722-6237
canceranswerline@utsouthwestern.edu
Erin Butler
104034
All
up to 18 Years old
Phase 2/Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02205762
STU-2018-0071
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Stratum I
• Patients must be less than 18 years of age at the time of diagnosis.
• Patients must have histological verification of the diagnosis of Langerhans cell histiocytosis according to the criteria described in Section 6.1
• Signed informed consent form
• Stratum II
• Patients of Stratum I who have:
• Progressive disease (AD worse) in non-risk organs after 6 weeks (Initial Course
• AD intermediate or worse in non-risk organs or AD better in risk organs after 12 weeks (Initial Course 2)
• Disease progression (AD worse) in non-risk organs at any time during continuation treatment
• Active disease at the end of Stratum I treatment
• Disease reactivation in non-risk organs at any time after completion of Stratum I treatment
• Stratum III
• Patients from Stratum I who fulfill the following criteria:
• AD worse in risk organs after week 6 (after Initial Course 1), or AD worse or AD intermediate in risk organs after week 12 (after Initial Course 2).
• Presence of unequivocally severe organ dysfunction at the above mentioned evaluation points (hematological dysfunction, liver dysfunction, or both of them) as
• Hb <70 g/L (<7.0 g/dl) and/or transfusion dependency
• PLT <20 x109/L (20,000/μL) and/or transfusion dependency (both criteria have to be fulfilled) AND/OR
• Liver dysfunction (or digestive involvement with protein loss)
• Total protein <55 g/L or substitution dependency
• Albumin <25 g/L or substitution dependency (at least one of the two criteria to be fulfilled)
• Stratum IV
• Patients from Stratum I or Stratum III who fulfill the following criteria:
• AD worse in risk organs after week 6 (after Initial Course 1), or AD worse or AD intermediate in risk organs after week 12 (after Initial Course 2) of Stratum I OR
• AD worse after the 2nd and 3rd 2-CdA/Ara-C course, and those AD worse or AD intermediate after the 4th 2-CdA/Ara-C course of Stratum III AND
• Presence of unequivocally severe organ dysfunction at the above mentioned evaluation points (hematological dysfunction, liver dysfunction, or both of them) as defined in Table XI (see Section 10.3.1).
• Informed consent: All patients or their legal guardians (if the patient is <18 years of age) must sign an Ethics or institutional Review Board approved consent form indicating their awareness of the investigational nature and the risks of this study. When appropriate, younger patients will be included in all discussions in order to obtain assent.
• Adequate organ function: Patients should have adequate hepatic, renal, cardiac and pulmonary function to undergo reduced intensity HCT based upon local institutional guidelines, or at a minimum meet requirements noted in eligibility checklist Appendix A-VIII_1. However, significant hepatic and pulmonary dysfunction, if secondary to underlying LCH disease activity, will not exclude patients from protocol enrollment and should be discussed with the National PI Coordinator and the Coordinating Principal Investigator.
• Stratum V
• All patients with verified diagnosis of LCH and MRI findings consistent with ND-CNSLCH irrespective of previous treatments (also those not registered to other Strata ofLCH-IV).
• Patients with isolated tumorous CNS-LCH (including isolated DI with mass lesion in the hypothalamus-pituitary axis). In patients with already established diagnosis of LCH and radiologic finding of CNS lesions compatible with LCH, a biopsy of the lesion is not obligatory. In all other cases a biopsy of the lesion is needed for inclusion into the study
• Stratum VI -- Patients with newly diagnosed SS-LCH and localization other than "multifocal bone",isolated tumorous CNS lesion, or isolated "CNS-risk" lesion.
• Stratum VII -- All patients registered in LCH IV (regardless of treatment) as long as consent for longterm follow-up has not been withheld.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Stratum I
• Pregnancy (patients of child-bearing age must be appropriately tested before chemotherapy)
• LCH-related permanent consequences (e.g. vertebra plana, sclerosing cholangitis, lung fibrosis, etc.) in the absence of active disease
• Prior systemic therapy
• Stratum II
• Patients with progressive disease in risk organs
• Permanent consequences (e.g. sclerosing cholangitis, lung fibrosis, etc.) without evidence of active LCH in the same organ or in any other locations
• No written consent of the patient or his/her parents or legal guardian
• Stratum III
• The presence of any of the following criteria will exclude the patient from the study:
• Isolated sclerosing cholangitis without evidence of active hepatic LCH as the only evidence of risk organ involvement.
• Inadequate renal function as defined by serum creatinine > 3x normal for age
• Stratum IV
• Pulmonary failure (requiring mechanical ventilation) not due to active LCH.
• Isolated liver sclerosis or pulmonary fibrosis, without active LCH.
• Uncontrolled active life-threatening infection.
• Decreased renal function with a GFR of less than 50ml/1.73m2/min.
• Pregnancy or active breast feeding
• Failure to provide signed informed consent
• Stratum VI
• Patients with SS-LCH who have an isolated tumorous CNS lesion (they are eligible for Stratum V),
• Patients with isolated "CNS-risk" or multifocal bone lesions (they are eligible for Stratum I, Group 2)
Drug: Prednisone, Drug: Vinblastine, Drug: mercaptopurine, Drug: INDOMETHACIN, Drug: Methotrexate, Drug: Cytosine Arabinoside, Drug: 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine, Procedure: hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (RIC-HSCT), Biological: Intravenous immunoglobulin
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Brain and Nervous System, Bones and Joints, Liver, Lung/Thoracic, Other Hematopoietic
Langerhans cell histiocytosis
Parkland Health & Hospital System
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