Search Results within category "Cancer"Search all categories
Suggestions within category "Cancer"
Bladder Brain Breast Cervical Colorectal Endometrial Esophageal Head and Neck Kidney Leukemia Liver Lung Lymphoma Melanoma Multiple Myeloma Other Blood Disorders Other Gastrointestinal Other Gynecologic Cancers Ovarian Pancreas Pediatric Prostate Sarcoma Testicular Thyroid Urothelial
15 Study Matches
Enfortumab Vedotin and Pembrolizumab vs. Chemotherapy Alone in Untreated Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Cancer (EV-302)
This study is being done to see how well two drugs (enfortumab vedotin and pembrolizumab) work together to treat patients with urothelial cancer. The study will compare these drugs to other drugs that are usually used to treat this cancer (standard of care). The patients in this study will have cancer that has spread from their urinary system to other parts of their body.
18 Years and over
• Histologically documented, unresectable locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma
• Measurable disease by investigator assessment according to RECIST v1.1
• Participants with prior definitive radiation therapy must have measurable disease per RECIST v1.1 that is outside the radiation field or has demonstrated unequivocal progression since completion of radiation therapy
• Participants must not have received prior systemic therapy for locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma with the following exceptions:
• Participants that received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with recurrence >12 months from completion of therapy are permitted
• Participants that received adjuvant chemotherapy following cystectomy with recurrence >12 months from completion of therapy are permitted
• Must be considered eligible to receive cisplatin- or carboplatin-containing chemotherapy, in the investigator's judgment
• Archival tumor tissue comprising muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma or a biopsy of metastatic urothelial carcinoma must be provided for PD-L1 testing prior to randomization
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status score of 0, 1, or 2
• Adequate hematologic and organ function Exclusion Criteria
• Previously received enfortumab vedotin or other monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE)-based antibody-drug conjugate (ADCs)
• Received prior treatment with a programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-(L)-1) inhibitor for any malignancy, including earlier stage urothelial cancer (UC), defined as a PD-1 inhibitor or PD-L1 inhibitor
• Received prior treatment with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co inhibitory T-cell receptor
• Received anti-cancer treatment with chemotherapy, biologics, or investigational agents not otherwise prohibited by exclusion criterion 1-3 that is not completed 4 weeks prior to first dose of study treatment
• Uncontrolled diabetes
• Estimated life expectancy of less than 12 weeks
• Active central nervous system (CNS) metastases
• Ongoing clinically significant toxicity associated with prior treatment that has not resolved to ≤ Grade 1 or returned to baseline
• Currently receiving systemic antimicrobial treatment for active infection (viral, bacterial, or fungal) at the time of randomization. Routine antimicrobial prophylaxis is permitted.
• Known active hepatitis B, active hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
• History of another invasive malignancy within 3 years before the first dose of study drug, or any evidence of residual disease from a previously diagnosed malignancy
• Documented history of a cerebral vascular event (stroke or transient ischemic attack), unstable angina, myocardial infarction, or cardiac symptoms consistent with New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class IV within 6 months prior to randomization
• Receipt of radiotherapy within 2 weeks prior to randomization
• Received major surgery (defined as requiring general anesthesia and >24 hour inpatient hospitalization) within 4 weeks prior to randomization
• Known severe (≥ Grade 3) hypersensitivity to any enfortumab vedotin excipient contained in the drug formulation of enfortumab vedotin
• Active keratitis or corneal ulcerations
• History of autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years
• History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia, drug induced pneumonitis, idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan
• Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplant
• Received a live attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to randomization
Drug: Enfortumab vedotin, Drug: Pembrolizumab, Drug: Cisplatin, Drug: Carboplatin, Drug: Gemcitabine
Urothelial Cancer, Enfortumab vedotin, metastatic urothelial cancer, pembrolizumab, locally advanced urothelial cancer
Derazantinib and Atezolizumab in Patients With Urothelial Cancer (FIDES-02)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate efficacy of derazantinib monotherapy or derazantinib-atezolizumab in combination in patients with advanced urothelial cancer harboring fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) genetic aberrations (GA) of various clinical stages of disease progression and prior treatments.
18 Years and over
Phase 1/Phase 2
• Histologically-confirmed transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium of the upper or lower urinary tract
• Recurrent or progressing stage IV disease, or surgically unresectable, recurrent or progressing disease
• Documented central FGFR genetic alteration (FGFR1, FGFR2, or FGFR3 mutations and rearrangements/ fusions )
• Measurable disease per RECIST 1.1
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0, 1 or 2
• Adequate bone marrow, liver and renal function
• Receipt of chemotherapy, targeted therapies, immunotherapy, or treatment with an investigational anticancer agent within 2 weeks or at least 5 half-lives of the drug whichever is longer before the first dose of study drug.
• Concurrent evidence of any clinically significant corneal or retinal disorder
• Phosphatemia greater than institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) at screening
• Uncontrolled tumor-related hypercalcemia
Drug: Derazantinib, Drug: Atezolizumab (drug supplied by Hoffmann-La Roche)
metastatic urothelial cancer, bladder cancer, Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor, FGFR genetic aberration, targeted therapy, derazantinib, checkpoint inhibitor, immune checkpoint blockade, atezolizumab, Tecentriq, solid tumor
The Cxbladder Hematuria Clinical Utility Study
To evaluate the clinical utility associated with the integration of Cxbladder into the evaluation of subjects presenting with hematuria for evaluation of urothelial carcinoma (UC) without compromising detection of UC.
18 Years and over
Inclusion Criteria : 1. Patient is undergoing investigation of recent confirmed hematuria (by either flexible or rigid cystoscopy/TURBT), including hematuria subjects referred due to suspicious/positive imaging, in order to determine the presence of urothelial carcinoma. 2. Able to provide a voided urine sample of the required minimum volume 3. Able to give written consent 4. Able and willing to comply with study requirements 5. Aged 18 years or older Exclusion Criteria 1. Prior history of bladder malignancy, prostate or renal cell carcinoma 2. Prior genitourinary manipulation (flexible or rigid cystoscopy / catheterisation, urethral dilation) in the 14 days before urine collection, 3. History of glomerulonephritis, nephrosis or other renal inflammatory disorders, recent history of pyelonephritis 4. Previous alkylating based chemotherapy 5. Pregnancy
Diagnostic Test: Cxbladder
Urothelial Carcinoma, Hematuria, Urinary Bladder
Study of Oral Infigratinib for the Adjuvant Treatment of Subjects With Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma With Susceptible FGFR3 Genetic Alterations
This is a Phase 3 multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy of giving an oral targeted FGFR1-3 inhibitor, infigratinib, as adjuvant treatment following surgery in adult subjects with invasive urothelial carcinoma and susceptible FGFR3 genetic alterations (mutations, and gene fusions or translocations [ie, rearrangements) who have disease that is considered at high risk for recurrence with surgery alone. The study enrolls subjects with either bladder cancer post radical cystectomy or upper tract urothelial cancer post distal ureterectomy and/or nephrectomy. Study treatment is randomized between infigratinib or placebo with treatment until invasive local or distal disease recurrence.
18 Years and over
Inclusion Criteria 1. Have histologically or cytologically confirmed, invasive urothelial carcinoma with susceptible FGFR3 alterations within 120 days following nephroureterectomy, distal ureterectomy, or cystectomy 2. If the patient received neoadjuvant chemotherapy, pathologic stage at surgical resection must be AJCC Stage ≥ ypT2 and/or yN+. 3. If the patient did not receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy: 1. Must be ineligible to receive cisplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy per the Galsky criteria:
• creatinine clearance < 60cc/min or
• ≥ Grade 2 hearing loss or
• ≥ Grade 2 neuropathy) 2. Pathologic stage must be AJCC Stage ≥pT2 pN0-2 M0 (post-lymphadenectomy or no lymphadenectomy [pNx]) for upper tract disease. 3. Pathologic stage should be AJCC Stage ≥pT3 or pN+ (bladder cancer). 4. Have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of ≤2. 5. Patients must have no evidence of metastatic disease based on screening CT or MRI.
• creatinine clearance < 60cc/min or
• ≥ Grade 2 hearing loss or
• ≥ Grade 2 neuropathy) 2. Pathologic stage must be AJCC Stage ≥pT2 pN0-2 M0 (post-lymphadenectomy or no lymphadenectomy [pNx]) for upper tract disease. 3. Pathologic stage should be AJCC Stage ≥pT3 or pN+ (bladder cancer). 4. Have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of ≤2. 5. Patients must have no evidence of metastatic disease based on screening CT or MRI.
Exclusion Criteria:1. Presence of positive surgical margins following nephroureterectomy, distal ureterectomy, or cystectomy. 2. Have received Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) or other intravesical therapy for Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer (NMIBC) within the previous 30 days. 3. Have previously or currently is receiving treatment with a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK) or selective FGFR inhibitor. 4. Have impaired gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of oral infigratinib (eg, active ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection) 5. Have current evidence of corneal or retinal disorder/keratopathy. 6. Have a history and/or current evidence of extensive tissue calcification. 7. Have current evidence of endocrine alterations of calcium/phosphate homeostasis (eg, parathyroid disorders, history of parathyroidectomy, tumor lysis, tumoral calcinosis), unless well controlled. 8. Are currently receiving or are planning to receive during participation in this study, treatment with agents that are known strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 and medications which increase serum phosphorus and/or calcium concentration. 9. Clinically significant cardiac disease. 10. Recent (< 3 months prior to first dose of study drug) transient ischemic attack or stroke.
Drug: Infigratinib, Drug: Placebo
Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinomas, Urothelial Bladder Cancer
FGFR3 Genetic Alterations, upper tract urothelial carcinomas, UTUC, Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma, Fibroblast growth factor receptor inhibitor, BGJ398, FGFR3, urothelial bladder cancer, UBC, Infigratinib phosphate, Infigratinib, Adjuvant
Stereotactic Ablative Radiation for Oligo-Progression of Urothelial Cancer (SAbR)
To evaluate the benefit of SAbR for oligo-progressive metastatic urothelial cancer.
18 Years and over
• Patients must be at least 18-years-old
• Patients must have pathology-proven metastatic urothelial carcinoma, with tissue sampling of at least the primary tumor
• Patients must be on immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy with radiographic scans to verify oligo-progression
• Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 90 days following completion of therapy
• Inability to receive further immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy
• Anticipated survival of fewer than 12 weeks
• Steroid replacement therapy for adrenal insufficiency is permitted.
Radiation: Stereotactic Ablative Radiation
Urothelial Cancer, Other Urinary, Urinary Bladder
Avelumab Program Rollover Study
The main purpose of this study is to monitor the safety and tolerability of avelumab in participants with solid tumors who continue treatment with avelumab under the same treatment regimen as in the parent avelumab study.
18 Years and over
• Participants under enrollment and treatment in an avelumab clinical study under the sponsorship of EMD Serono Research & Development Institute, Inc. / Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
• Merck Serono Co., Ltd (Japan)
• Participants currently enrolled in an avelumab parent study and are on active treatment with avelumab or in long-term survival follow-up after treatment
• Participants on active treatment must agree to continue to use highly effective contraception (that is, methods with a failure rate of less than 1% per year) for both male and female participants if the risk of conception exists
• Other protocol defined inclusion criteria could apply.
• Participants who are pregnant or breastfeeding
• Participants still on active treatment: Known hypersensitivity to any of the study intervention ingredients
• Participant has been enrolled in the comparator arm of avelumab parent study
• Participant has been withdrawn from avelumab parent study for any reason
• Any other reason that, in the opinion of the Investigator, precludes the participant from participating in the study
• Other protocol defined exclusion criteria could apply.
Solid Tumors, Stomach
Avelumab, Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), Renal cell carcinoma (RCC), Urothelial carcinoma (UC), Ovarian cancer
S1602: Different Strains of BCG With or Without Vaccine in High Grade Non- Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer
This randomized phase III trial studies Tokyo-172 strain bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) solution with or without a vaccination using Tokyo-172 strain BCG to see how well it works compared with TICE BCG solution in treating patients with bladder cancer that has not spread to muscle. BCG is a non-infectious bacteria that when instilled into the bladder may stimulate the immune system to fight bladder cancer. Giving different versions of BCG with vaccine therapy may prevent bladder cancer from returning.
• Patients must have histologically proven Ta, carcinoma in situ (CIS) or T1 stage urothelial cell carcinoma of the bladder within 90 days of registration
• Patients must have had all grossly visible papillary tumors removed within 30 days prior to registration or cystoscopy confirming no grossly visible papillary tumors within 30 days prior to registration
• Patients with T1 disease must have cross-sectional imaging of abdomen/pelvis demonstrating no evidence of metastatic disease (magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] or computed tomography [CT] scan) within 90 days prior to registration; patients with T1 disease must have re-resection confirming =< T1 disease within 90 days prior to registration
• Patients must have high-grade bladder cancer as defined by 2004 World Health Organization (WHO)/International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) classification
• Patients must not have pure squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma
• Patients' disease must not have micropapillary components
• Patients must have no evidence of upper tract (renal pelvis or ureters) cancer confirmed by one of the following tests performed within 90 days prior to registration: CT urogram, intravenous pyelogram, magnetic resonance (MR) urogram, or retrograde pyelograms
• Patients must not have nodal involvement or metastatic disease
• No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for five years; patients with localized prostate cancer who are being followed by an active surveillance program are also eligible
• Patients must have a Zubrod performance status of 0-2
• Patients must not have received prior intravesical BCG
• Patients must not have known history of tuberculosis
• Patients must be PPD negative within 90 days prior to registration; PPD negativity is defined as < 10 mm diameter induration (palpable, raised hardened area) in the volar forearm at 48-72 hours following injection with standard tuberculin dose (5 units, 0.1 ml)
• Patients must be >= 18 years of age
• Patients must not be taking oral glucocorticoids at the time of registration
• Patients must not be planning to receive concomitant biologic therapy, hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, surgery, or other cancer therapy while on study
• Prestudy history and physical must be obtained within 90days prior to registration
• Patients must not be pregnant or nursing; women/men of reproductive potential must have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method; a woman is considered to be of "reproductive potential" if she has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months; in addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes heterosexual celibacy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) defined as a hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral tubal ligation; however, if at any point a previously celibate patient chooses to become heterosexually active during the time period for use of contraceptive measures outlined in the protocol, he/she is responsible for beginning contraceptive measures
• Patients must be offered the opportunity to participate in specimen banking for future studies to include translational medicine studies
Biological: BCG Solution, Biological: BCG Tokyo-172 Strain Solution, Biological: BCG Tokyo-172 Strain Vaccine, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Stage 0 Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Stage 0is Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Stage I Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Urinary Bladder
Gemcitabine and Cisplatin Without Cystectomy for Patients With Muscle Invasive Bladder Urothelial Cancer and Select Genetic Alterations
This phase II trial studies how well gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin work in treating participants with invasive bladder urothelial cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.
18 Years and over
• Step 1 Patient Registration Eligibility Criteria
• Histologically confirmed muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. Urothelial carcinoma invading into the prostatic stroma with no histologic muscle invasion is allowed, provided the extent of disease is confirmed via imaging and/or examination under anesthesia (EUA). The diagnostic TURBT sample must have been obtained within 60 days prior to registration
• 20 unstained slides (10 micron thickness) of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) pre-treatment diagnostic transurethral resection (TUR) specimen available (for sequencing), with 2 (5 micron) slides at the start and end of the 20 slides, for a total of 22 unstained slides. An FFPE block is also acceptable
• Clinical stage T2-T4aN0/xM0 disease
• Medically appropriate candidate for radical cystectomy as assessed by surgeon
• No concomitant multifocal carcinoma in situ; a single focus is allowed
• A single muscle-invasive bladder tumor measuring ≤5 cm in size as defined by the surgeons at cystoscopic evaluation. When documented, pathologic size at cystoscopy and TURBT will take precedence over radiographic measurements of tumor size.
• No clinical or radiographic evidence for locally advanced or metastatic disease
• No prior anti-PD-1 or anti PD-L1 therapies, or systemic chemotherapy within the past 5 years (prior intravesical induction immunotherapy for non-muscle invasive disease is allowed, defined as BCG x6 doses and maintenance therapy); BCG refractory disease, defined as disease recurrence within 3 months of BCG therapy, is not allowed. Intravesical chemotherapy is allowed.
• No prior radiation therapy to the bladder or prostate
• No major surgery or radiation therapy =< 4 weeks of registration (TURBT is allowed).
• Not pregnant and not nursing. This study involves an agent that has known genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects. For women of childbearing potential only, a negative pregnancy test done =< 14 days prior to registration is required
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/mm^3
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
• Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 55 mL/min using formula per institutional standard or investigator's discretion. The same formula should be used to calculate all subsequent creatinine clearances.
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) * (For patients with documented Gilbert's syndrome Total Bilirubin =< 3 x ULN)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN
• Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 x ULN
• No evidence of New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III or IV heart disease
• No ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias of National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 grade >= 2
• No pre-existing sensory grade >= 2 neuropathy
• No pre-existing grade >= 2 hearing loss
• No serious intercurrent medical or psychiatric illness, including serious active infection
• None of the following within the 6 months prior to study drug administration: myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, symptomatic congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular accident, or transient ischemic attack
• No known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related illness or other active infection. HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with the drugs used in this trial. In addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy, when indicated
• No history of allergic reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to the agents used in this study
• No concurrent treatment on another clinical trial; supportive care trials or non-therapeutic trials (e.g., quality of life) are allowed
• No prior malignancy except for: adequately treated basal or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for five years. Patients with localized prostate cancer who are being followed by an active surveillance program are also eligible
• Step 2 Patient Registration Eligibility Criteria
• Patients must have completed 4 or more cycles of protocol-directed chemotherapy and DDR gene results must be available
• Step 3 Patient Registration Eligibility Criteria (only patients with a DDR gene alteration)
• Deleterious alteration within 1 or more of 9 pre-defined DDR genes within the pre-treatment TURBT deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
• Cystoscopy and imaging performed to determine stage/treatment assignment
Drug: Gemcitabine Hydrochloride, Drug: Cisplatin, Biological: Pegfilgrastim, Procedure: Conventional Surgery, Procedure: Radical Cystectomy, Other: Chemoradiotherapy
Infiltrating Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Stage II Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Stage III Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Urinary Bladder
Chemotherapy Before Surgery in Treating Patients With High Grade Upper Urinary Tract Cancer
This phase II trial studies how well giving chemotherapy before surgery works in treating patients with aggressive upper urinary tract cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin hydrochloride, cisplatin, gemcitabine hydrochloride, and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Removing the affected upper urinary tract by surgery is the recommended treatment for upper urinary tract cancer, but can cause loss of kidney function and prevent patients from being able to receive chemotherapy after surgery. Giving chemotherapy before surgery, when the kidneys are working at their maximum, may allow less tissue to be removed during surgery and may be more effective in treating patients with high grade upper urinary tract cancer.
18 Years and over
• Patients must have high grade upper tract urothelial carcinoma proven by one of the following:
• Urinary cytology with a 3-dimensional upper urinary tract mass on cross-sectional imaging; or
• Urinary cytology and a mass visualized during upper urinary tract endoscopy
• Patients must have a creatinine clearance >= 30 ml/min as determined by Cockcroft-Gault calculation or 24-hour urine creatinine clearance measurement within 28 days of registration to be eligible for the study
• Patients must have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1
• Patients must have a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 50% by (either multigated acquisition [MUGA] or 2-dimensional [2-D] echocardiogram) within 28 days of registration
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3
• Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3
• Hemoglobin (HgB) >= 9
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) < 2 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
• Bilirubin within institutional normal limits (or < 2.5 X the ULN for patients with Gilbert's disease)
• Patients with concomitant primaries of the bladder/urethra are allowed, as long as these sites are surgically resected and non-invasive cancers (< cT1N0)
• Patients may have a history of resectable urothelial cancer (including neoadjuvant chemotherapy) as long as patients meet one of the following:
• pT0, Tis, or T1N0 and have no evidence of disease (NED) for more than 2 years from surgery or chemotherapy;
• pT2-3aN0 and NED for more than 3 years from surgery or chemotherapy; or
• > pT3b, or N+ and NED for more than 5 years from surgery or chemotherapy
• Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must use an accepted and effective method of contraception or to abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study
• Evidence of metastatic disease or clinically enlarged lymph nodes on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen and pelvis and CT chest obtained within 28 days of registration (a negative biopsy is required for lymph nodes > 1 cm in size to confirm lack of involvement); patients with lymph nodes > 1 cm in whom a biopsy is deemed not feasible are not eligible; patients with elevated alkaline phosphatase or suspicious bone pain should also undergo baseline bone scans to evaluate for bone metastasis
• Any component of small cell carcinoma; other variant histologies are permitted provided the predominant (>= 50%) subtype is urothelial carcinoma
• Peripheral neuropathy > grade 2
• History of allergy or hypersensitivity to methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin (doxorubicin hydrochloride), cisplatin, gemcitabine (gemcitabine hydrochloride), carboplatin or filgrastim or pegfilgrastim
• Another active second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers and biochemical relapsed prostate cancer; patients that have completed all necessary therapy and are considered to be at less than 30% risk of relapse are not considered to have an active second malignancy and are eligible for enrollment
• Prior systemic doxorubicin for patients who have creatinine clearance that meets >= 50 ml/min
• Uncontrolled illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction in last 3 months, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
• Known to have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or are on combination antiretroviral therapy
• Prior radiation therapy to >= 25% of the bone marrow for other diseases or prior systemic anthracycline therapy; prior intravesical anthracycline therapy for non-muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder is permitted
• Pregnant or breast-feeding; all females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy; a female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
Drug: Methotrexate, Drug: Vinblastine, Drug: Doxorubicin, Drug: Cisplatin, Drug: Gemcitabine, Drug: Carboplatin, Drug: Pegfilgrastim, Procedure: Nephroureterectomy
Other Urinary, High Grade Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma
carcinoma, drug therapy, nephroureterectomy, urinary tract, urothelium
Testing MK-3475 (Pembrolizumab) After Surgery for Localized Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer and Locally Advanced Urothelial Cancer (AMBASSADOR)
This phase III trial studies how well pembrolizumab works in treating patients with bladder cancer that has spread into the deep muscle of the bladder wall (muscle-invasive) or urothelial cancer that has spread from where it started to nearby tissue or lymph nodes (locally advanced). Monoclonal antibodies recognizing and blocking checkpoint molecules can enhance the patient's immune response and therefore help fight cancer. Pembrolizumab is one of the monoclonal antibodies that block the PD-1 axis and can interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow.
18 Years and over
• PRE-REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
• Histologically confirmed muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder, urethra, upper tract, or lymph node positive (LN+) disease; variant histology allowed as long as urothelial carcinoma is predominant (any amount of squamous differentiation is allowed); any component of neuroendocrine carcinoma is excluded
• Paraffin tissue samples obtained by transurethral resection of muscle-invasive bladder tumor, upper tract resection, or radical cystectomy/nephrectomy/ureterectomy/nephroureterectomy/cystoprostatectomy or urethrectomy must be available; this specimen submission is mandatory prior to registration as results will be used for stratification; specimens from radical/definitive surgery (radical cystectomy/nephrectomy/ureterectomy /nephroureterectomy/cystoprostatectomy and LN dissection) are preferred over transuretheral resection, if available
• Patient must fit into one of the following three categories:
• Patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and pathologic stage at surgical resection is >= pT2 and/or N+ OR
• Patients who are not cisplatin-eligible (according to >= 1 of the following criteria: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG] performance status of 2, creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min, grade >= 2 hearing loss, grade >= 2 neuropathy, or New York Heart Association class III heart failure and pathologic stage at surgical resection is >= pT3 or pN+) OR
• Patients that decline adjuvant cisplatin-based or other systemic chemotherapy based on an informed discussion with the physician and pathologic stage at surgical resection is >= pT3 or pN+
• The 7th edition of American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging will be utilized; patient must have had radical cystectomy (cystoprostatectomy for men) and lymph node dissection (for bladder primary), or nephrectomy, nephroureterectomy or ureterectomy (for uppertract tumors) or urethrectomy (in addition to a radical cystectomy-either simultaneously or in the past) >= 4 weeks but =< 16 weeks prior to pre-registration; patients who have had a partial cystectomy as definitive therapy are not eligible
• No gross cancer at the surgical margins; microscopic invasive urothelial carcinoma positive margins are allowed; carcinoma in situ (CIS) at margins is considered negative margins
• No evidence of residual cancer or metastasis after surgery; patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma must have a negative cystoscopy within 3 months prior to pre-registration; if the bladder has been removed a cystoscopy is not required
• No metastatic disease (or radiologic findings "concerning" for metastatic disease) on cross-sectional imaging (according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] version [v]1.1 criteria)
• No active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment including systemic corticosteroids; these include but are not limited to patients with a history of immune related neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis; systemic autoimmune disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), connective tissue diseases, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, hepatitis; and patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or phospholipid syndrome because of the risk of recurrence or exacerbation of disease; human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (+) patients are eligible as long as they have: cd4 > 200, undetectable viral load and on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) therapy
• No current pneumonitis or prior history of non-infectious pneumonitis that required steroids within the previous 5 years
• Patients with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including type I diabetes mellitus, thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones including physiologic corticosteroids are eligible
• Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other arthropathies, Sjogren's syndrome and psoriasis controlled with topical medication and patients with positive serology, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroid antibodies should be evaluated for the presence of target organ involvement and potential need for systemic treatment but should otherwise be eligible
• No known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
• No postoperative/adjuvant systemic therapy
• No prior treatment with any therapy on the PD-1/PD-L1 axis
• No treatment with any other type of investigational agent =< 4 weeks before pre-registration
• No major surgery =< 4 weeks before pre-registration
• No radiation therapy =< 4 weeks before pre-registration
• No neoadjuvant chemotherapy =< 4 weeks before pre-registration
• Not currently requiring hemodialysis
• Not pregnant and not nursing, because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown
• ECOG performance status =< 2
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,200/mm^3
• Leukocytes >= 3,000/ mm^3
• Platelet count >= 75,000/mm^3
• Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
• Bilirubin for patients with Gilbert's =< 3.0 x ULN
• Calculated (calc.) creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min (using either Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration [CKD-EPI] or Cockcroft-Gault formula)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
• Serum albumin >= 2.8 g/dL
• For women of childbearing potential only: a negative urine or serum pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to pre-registration is required
• REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Results of central PD-L1 testing available; Q2 Solutions will forward the PD-L1 results to the statistical center and the statistical center will notify the site that the result is available; since the results with be blinded to the site the notification from the Alliance registration/randomization office will serve as a confirmation of this eligibility criteria; after sites receive the confirmation e-mail from Alliance they can register the patient
Other: Clinical Observation, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Biological: Pembrolizumab, Other: Pharmacological Study, Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Other: Questionnaire Administration
Stage II Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Localized Renal Pelvis and Ureter Urothelial Carcinoma, Locally Advanced Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Locally Advanced Renal Pelvis and Ureter Urothelial Carcinoma, Locally Advanced Ureter Urothelial Carcinoma, Locally Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma, Stage II Renal Pelvis and Ureter Cancer AJCC v7, Stage II Ureter Cancer AJCC v7, Stage III Renal Pelvis and Ureter Cancer AJCC v7, Stage III Ureter Cancer AJCC v7
A Study of Atezolizumab Versus Observation as Adjuvant Therapy in Participants With High-Risk Muscle-Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma After Surgical Resection [IMvigor010]
This Phase III, open-label, randomized, multicenter study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adjuvant treatment with atezolizumab compared with observation in participants with muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma (UC) who are at high risk for recurrence following resection. Eligible participants will be randomized by a 1:1 ratio into atezolizumab group or control group.
18 Years and over
• Histologically confirmed muscle-invasive UC (also termed transitional cell carcinoma [TCC]) of the bladder or upper urinary tract (i.e., renal pelvis or ureters)
• Participants who have not received prior platinum-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy, have refused or are ineligible ("unfit") for cisplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy
• Representative formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor specimens from surgical resection (i.e., radical cystectomy, nephroureterectomy, or lymph node dissection) in paraffin blocks (blocks preferred) or at least 15 unstained slides, with an associated pathology report, for central testing and determined to be evaluable for tumor PD-L1 expression prior to study enrollment
• Absence of residual disease and absence of metastasis, as confirmed by a negative baseline computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the pelvis, abdomen, and chest no more than 4 weeks prior to randomization
• Full recovery from cystectomy or nephroureterectomy within 14 weeks following surgery
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of less than or equal to (=) 2
• Life expectancy greater than or equal to (>/=) 12 weeks
• Adequate hematologic and end-organ function
• For women who are not postmenopausal or surgically sterile: agreement to remain abstinent or use contraceptive methods that result in a failure rate of less than (<) 1 percent (%) per year during the treatment period and for at least 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab
• Any approved anti-cancer therapy within 3 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment
• Adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy for UC following surgical resection
• Treatment with any other investigational agent or participation in another clinical trial with therapeutic intent within 28 days or five half-lives of the drug prior to enrollment
• Malignancies other than UC within 5 years prior to Cycle 1, Day 1
• Pregnancy or breastfeeding
• Significant cardiovascular disease
• Severe infections within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1
• Major surgical procedure other than for diagnosis within 28 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1
• History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins
• Known hypersensitivity to biopharmaceuticals produced in Chinese hamster ovary cells or any component of the atezolizumab formulation
• History of autoimmune disease
• Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplant
• History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia, drug-induced pneumonitis, idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan
• Positive test for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and/or active hepatitis B or hepatitis C or tuberculosis
• Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks before Cycle 1 Day 1
• Prior treatment with cluster of differentiation 137 (CD137) agonists or immune checkpoint blockade therapies, including anti-CD40, anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (anti-CTLA-4), anti-programmed death-1 (anti-PD-1), and anti-programmed death-ligand 1 (anti-PD-L1) therapeutic antibodies
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell, Urinary Bladder
A Study to Evaluate ONM-100, an Intraoperative Fluorescence Imaging Agent for the Detection of Cancer
This study is to evaluate diagnostic performance, safety and timing of post-dose imaging of ONM-100, an intraoperative fluorescence imaging agent for the detection of cancer in patients with solid tumors undergoing routine surgery.
18 Years and over
• Biopsy-confirmed diagnosis of primary or recurrent respective tumor type and scheduled to undergo surgical resection
• Part 1: Biopsy-confirmed diagnosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) or breast cancer
• Part 2: Biopsy-confirmed diagnosis of HNSCC, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, prostate cancer, ovarian cancer, urothelial carcinoma and non-small cell lung cancer.
• Part 3: Stage 2 to 4 HNSCC Including T0 or Tx unknown Primary cancers
• Histologically diagnosed by an excisional biopsy procedure
• Tumors at sites of which the surgeon would assess that in vivo intraoperative imaging would not be feasible
• Life expectancy <12 weeks
• Hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh score >5) or significant liver disease including active hepatitis or cirrhosis
Prostate Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Breast Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Urothelial Carcinoma, Breast - Female, Colon, Ovary, Prostate
Chemoradiotherapy With or Without Atezolizumab in Treating Patients With Localized Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer
This phase III trial studies how well chemotherapy and radiation therapy work with or without atezolizumab in treating patients with localized muscle invasive bladder cancer. Radiation therapy uses high energy rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Chemotherapy drugs, such as gemcitabine, cisplatin, fluorouracil and mitomycin-C, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving atezolizumab with radiation therapy and chemotherapy may work better in treating patients with localized muscle invasive bladder cancer compared to radiation therapy and chemotherapy without atezolizumab.
18 Years and over
• STEP 1 REGISTRATION:
• If this will be the first patient from a registering site to receive a given RT modality (3DCRT vs. IMRT), the site must first submit pre-RT planning documents within 3 days of Step 1 registration and receive approval from Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core (IROC) before randomizing the patient to Step 2. If this will not be the first patient to receive a specific RT modality, the patient should be immediately randomized to Step 2 on the same day.
• STEP 2 RANDOMIZATION
• If patient required review of pre-RT planning, randomization must occur within 14 days of initial registration.
• Patients must have histologically proven, T2-T4a N0M0 urothelial carcinoma of the bladder within 120 days prior to randomization and no intervening treatment between the histologic proof and randomization. Patients with mixed urothelial carcinoma will be eligible for the trial, but the presence of small cell carcinoma will make a patient ineligible. Patients with lymph nodes >= 1.0 cm in shortest cross-sectional diameter on imaging (computed tomography [CT]/magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] of abdomen and pelvis) must have a biopsy of the enlarged lymph node showing no tumor involvement within 70 days prior to randomization. These patients may be suitable for neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radical cystectomy and are eligible for this trial if they seek out a bladder sparing treatment strategy, however patients who have received prior systemic chemotherapy for bladder cancer are not eligible for the trial.
• Patients must undergo a transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) within 70 days prior to randomization. In a situation where a patient is referred from outside to the enrolling institution, patient must have a repeat cystoscopy by the urologist who will be following the patient on the clinical trial to assess the adequacy of the prior TURBT. Patient may then undergo repeat TURBT if deemed necessary as standard of care by the treating urologist. Patients may have either completely or partially resected tumors as long as the treating urologist attempted maximal resection. Patient must not have T4b disease.
• Patients must undergo radiological staging within 70 days prior to randomization. Imaging of chest, abdomen, and pelvis must be performed using CT or MRI. Patients must not have evidence of T4bN1-3 disease. Eligibility is based on the local radiology report.
• Patients with hydronephrosis are eligible if they have unilateral hydronephrosis and kidney function meets criteria specified.
• Patient must be planning to receive one of the protocol specified chemotherapy regimens.
• All adverse events associated with any prior surgery and intravesical therapy must have resolved to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade =< 2 prior to randomization.
• Patient may or may not be radical cystectomy candidates.
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >=1,500/microliter (mcL) (within 28 days prior to randomization).
• Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (within 28 days prior to randomization).
• Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (within 28 days prior to randomization).
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN) (except patients with Gilbert's syndrome, who must have a total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL) (within 28 days prior to randomization).
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 2.5 x IULN (within 28 days prior to randomization).
• Patients must have adequate renal function as evidenced by calculated creatinine clearance >= 25 mL/min. The creatinine used to calculate the clearance result must have been obtained within 28 days prior to randomization.
• Patients must have Zubrod performance status =< 2.
• Patients must have a baseline electrocardiography (ECG) performed within 30 days prior to randomization.
• If patient has a known history of hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV), they must meet the following criteria within 28 days prior to randomization.
• Patients with past or resolved hepatitis B infection (defined as having a negative hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test and a positive anti-HBc [antibody to hepatitis B core antigen] antibody test) are eligible.
• Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA).
• Patients who are known to be positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are eligible only if they have all of the following:
• A stable regimen of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART)
• No requirement for concurrent antibiotics or antifungal agents for the prevention of opportunistic infections
• A CD4 count above 250 cells/mcL and an undetectable HIV viral load on standard PCR-based tests within 28 days prior to randomization.
• No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated Stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for two years. Patients with localized prostate cancer who are being followed by an active surveillance program are also eligible.
• Female patients of childbearing potential must have a serum pregnancy test prior to randomization. Patients must not be pregnant or nursing due to the potential teratogenic side effects of the protocol treatment. Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of protocol treatment, and for 5 months (150 days) after the last dose of all study drugs. A woman is considered to be of "reproductive potential" if she has had a menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months.
• Patients must be offered the opportunity to participate in specimen banking for future studies.
• Patients who can complete Patient-Reported Outcome instruments in English or Spanish must agree to complete the EORTC QLQ-C30, the EORTC QLQ-BLM30, the EPIC-26 (bowel domain only), and the EQ-5D-5L per protocol schedule of assessment.
• As a part of the Oncology Patient Enrollment Network (OPEN) registration process the treating institution's identity is provided in order to ensure that the current (within 365 days) date of institutional review board approval for this study has been entered in the system.
• STEP 2 RANDOMIZATION EXCLUSION CRITERIA
• Patients must not have had urothelial carcinoma or histological variant at any site outside of the urinary bladder within the previous 24 months except Ta/T1/carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the upper urinary tract including renal pelvis and ureter if the patient had undergone complete nephroureterectomy.
• Patients must not have diffuse CIS based on cystoscopy and biopsy.
• Patient must not have received any systemic chemotherapy for their bladder cancer.
• Patient must not have had prior pelvic radiation.
• Patients must not have received prior treatment for muscle invasive bladder cancer including neoadjuvant chemotherapy for the current tumor.
• Patients must not have received any systemic therapy (including, but not limited to, interferon alfa-2b, high dose IL-2, pegylated interferon [PEG-IFN], anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1), for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. Prior intravesical BCG, interferon, and intravesical chemotherapy are allowed.
• Patients must not have received any of the following prohibited therapies within 28 days prior to randomization or be planning to receive any of the following prohibited therapies during protocol treatment:
• Anti-cancer systemic chemotherapy or biological therapy not specified in the protocol.
• Immunotherapy not specified in this protocol.
• Systemic or intravesical use of any non-study anti-cancer agent (investigational or non-investigational).
• Investigational agents other than atezolizumab.
• Live vaccines: Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, shingles, yellow fever, rabies, bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), and typhoid (oral) vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g. Flu-Mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed. Prior administration of intravesical BCG is allowed.
• Glucocorticoids for any purpose other than to modulate symptoms from an event of suspected immunologic etiology. The use of physiologic doses of corticosteroids (defined as 10 mg prednisone) are acceptable, however site investigators should consult with the study chair for any dose higher than 10 mg prednisone. Dexamethasone 4 mg iv with chemotherapy to prevent nausea is allowed.
• RANKL infusion: Concurrent denosumab (which binds the cytokine RANKL) for any known indication is prohibited due to interaction with study medication.
• Patients must not have a major surgical procedure within 28 days prior to randomization. If patient had any surgical procedure then they should have recovered to full presurgical performance status and surgical adverse events should have resolved to grade =< 2. TURBT is not considered a major surgical procedure.
• Patients must not have received treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medications (including, but not limited to, prednisone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-tumor necrosis factor [anti-TNF] agents) within 14 days prior to randomization. Exceptions:
• Patients may have received acute, low dose, systemic immunosuppressant medications (e.g., a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea).
• The use of inhaled corticosteroids and mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone) for patients with orthostatic hypotension or adrenocortical insufficiency is allowed. Physiological doses equivalent of 10 mg prednisone daily are allowed. Short term steroids given as antiemetic therapy, e.g. 4 mg dexamethasone or equivalent once a week, is allowed.
• Patients must not have received a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to randomization or anticipate that such a live, attenuated vaccine will be required while on protocol treatment and up to 5 months after the last dose of protocol treatment.
• Inactivated influenza vaccination should be given during influenza season only (approximately October to March). Patients must not receive live, attenuated influenza vaccine within 4 weeks prior to randomization or while on protocol treatment and up to 5 months after the last dose of protocol treatment.
• Patients must not have undergone prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or prior solid organ transplantation.
• Patients must not have clinically significant liver disease that precludes patient from treatment regimens prescribed on the study (including, but not limited to, active viral, alcoholic or other autoimmune hepatitis, cirrhosis or inherited liver disease).
• Patient must not have history of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonitis (including drug induced), organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, etc.), or evidence of active pneumonitis.
• Patients must not have an active infection requiring oral or IV antibiotics within 14 days prior to randomization. Patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics (e.g., for prevention of a urinary tract infection or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are not eligible. If patient develops urinary tract infection after TURBT they must have recovered from the infection prior to registration.
• Patients must not have active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past two years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment. Autoimmune diseases include, but are not limited to, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjogren's syndrome, Bell's palsy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune thyroid disease, vasculitis, Graves' disease treated with methimazole or glomerulonephritis.
• Patient must not have a history of active tuberculosis.
• Patients must not be known to be allergic to Chinese hamster egg or ovary cell products and must not have any known major allergic reactions to any study drug.
Drug: Atezolizumab, Drug: Cisplatin, Drug: Fluorouracil, Drug: Gemcitabine, Drug: Mitomycin, Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Radiation: Radiation Therapy, Other: Survey Administration
Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Bladder Carcinoma Infiltrating the Muscle of the Bladder Wall, Stage II Bladder Cancer AJCC v8, Stage III Bladder Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IIIA Bladder Cancer AJCC v8
Testing the Effectiveness of Two Immunotherapy Drugs (Nivolumab and Ipilimumab) With One Anti-cancer Targeted Drug (Cabozantinib) for Rare Genitourinary Tumors
This phase II trial studies how well cabozantinib works in combination with nivolumab and ipilimumab in treating patients with rare genitourinary (GU) tumors that have spread to other places in the body. Cabozantinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving cabozantinib, nivolumab, and ipilimumab may work better in treating patients with genitourinary tumors that have no treatment options compared to giving cabozantinib, nivolumab, or ipilimumab alone.
18 Years and over
• Metastatic disease defined as new or progressive lesions on cross-sectional imaging or bone scan. Patients must have at least:
• One measurable site of disease as per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v) 1.1
• One bone lesion on bone scan (tec99 or sodium fluoride [NaF] positron emission tomography [PET]/computed tomography [CT], CT, or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) for the bone-only cohort
• Histologically confirmed diagnosis of one of the following metastatic cohorts:
• Small cell/ neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder
•All urothelial carcinomas with any amount of neuroendocrine differentiation (including small cell differentiation) will be included. If the tumor is purely neuroendocrine, metastasis from another site of origin should be clinically excluded.
• Adenocarcinoma of the bladder, or urachal adenocarcinoma, or bladder/urethra clear cell adenocarcinoma
•must be pure (per World Health Organization [WHO] definition), (i.e. urothelial carcinoma with glandular differentiation is not considered a pure adenocarcinoma.
• Squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder
•must be pure (i.e. urothelial carcinoma with squamous differentiation is not considered a pure squamous cell carcinoma).
• Plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma
•Tumor should show predominantly > or equal ~50% plasmacytoid histology (including all types of discohesive growth, such as tumors with signet-ring and/or rhabdoid features as well).
• Any penile cancer
• Sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma
•Tumor should be predominantly sarcomatoid ~50% (including rhabdoid differentiation) is also unclassified renal cell carcinomas (RCCs): all (assuming they are high grade with metastasis) malignant angiomyolipomas are allowed.
• Sarcomatoid urothelial carcinoma
•Tumor should show predominantly ~ 50% sarcomatoid differentiation.
• Renal medullary carcinoma
•Per WHO definition, ideally confirmed with immunostains.
• Renal collecting duct carcinoma
•Per WHO definition (medullary involvement, predominant tubular morphology, desmoplastic stromal reaction, high grade cytology, infiltrative growth pattern, and absence of other renal cell carcinoma subtype or urothelial carcinoma).
• Bone only urothelial carcinoma or other non-prostate GU tumor
• Urethra carcinoma
•May be of any histology but if urothelial carcinoma then must be isolated to the urethra and not have metachronous or synchronous urothelial carcinoma of the bladder.
• Other miscellaneous histologic variants of the urothelial carcinoma, such as, but not limited to: micropapillary (Tumor should show predominantly > or equal 50% micropapillary architecture), giant cell, lipid-rich, clear cell and nested variants (Tumor should predominantly > or equal 50% show these features), large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma and mixed patterns will be considered, as well as small cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer (Only treatment-naïve primary small cell of prostate with any amount of small cell component allowed. Post-treatment small cell prostatic carcinomas are not allowed), Malignant testicular Sertoli or Leydig cell tumors, and papillary and chromophobe RCC.
• Note: Translocation positive renal cell carcinoma patients are eligible. However, AREN1721 should be considered before this trial.
• Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) slides from diagnostic tumor tissue for retrospective central pathology review
• Patients may have received up to 2 systemic anti-cancer treatments or be treatment naive. Patients with small cell carcinoma should have received a platinum-based combination regimen either as neoadjuvant, adjuvant or first-line treatment). Patients in the bone-only cohort may be urothelial carcinoma histology but must receive standard cisplatin-based chemotherapy (if cisplatin-eligible).
• Patients must be able to swallow oral formulation of the tablets
• Karnofsky performance status >= 80%
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/mcL
• Platelet count >= 75,000/mcL
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN). For subjects with known Gilbert's disease or similar syndrome with slow conjugation of bilirubin, total bilirubin =< 3.0 mg/dL
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3.0 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (or =< 5 x ULN for patients with liver metastases or Gilbert's disease)
• Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) OR creatinine clearance >= 40 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (calculated using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology [CKD-EPI] equation or Cockcroft-Gault formula) for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
• Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (transfusion of packed red blood cells [PRBCs] allowed)
• Serum albumin >= 3.2 g/dL
• Lipase and amylase =< 2.0 x ULN and no radiologic (on baseline anatomical imaging) or clinical evidence of pancreatitis
• Prior treatment with MET or VEGFR inhibitors is allowed. However, prior cabozantinib will not be allowed. Also, patients that have received both prior MET or VEGF and prior PD-1/PD-L1/CTLA-4 (sequentially or in combination) are also not allowed
• Prior treatment with any therapy on the PD-1/PD-L1 axis or anti- CTLA-4/CTLA-4 inhibitors is allowed, either in the perioperative or in the metastatic setting. However, patients that have received both prior MET or VEGF and prior PD-1/PD-L1/CTLA-4 (sequentially or in combination) are not allowed
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients are eligible if on stable dose of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), no clinically significant drug-drug interactions are anticipated with the current HAART regimen, CD4 counts are greater than 350 and viral load is undetectable
• Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other rheumatologic arthropathies, Sjogren's syndrome and psoriasis controlled with topical medication only and patients with positive serology, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroid antibodies etc. are eligible but should be considered for rheumatologic evaluation for the presence of target organ involvement and potential need for systemic treatment
• Patients with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones or medications (e.g. thyroiditis managed with propylthiouracil [PTU] or methimazole) including physiologic oral corticosteroids are eligible
• Patients who have evidence of active or acute diverticulitis, intra-abdominal abscess, and gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction, within 12 months are not eligible
• Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test =< 7 days prior to registration
• Women of childbearing potential include women who have experienced menarche and who have not undergone successful surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or are not postmenopausal. Post menopause is defined as amenorrhea >= 12 consecutive months. Note: women who have been amenorrheic for 12 or more months are still considered to be of childbearing potential if the amenorrhea is possibly due to prior chemotherapy, antiestrogens, ovarian suppression or any other reversible reason
• Pregnant women may not participate in this study because with cabozantinib, nivolumab, and ipilimumab have potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with cabozantinib, nivolumab, and ipilimumab, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with these agents
• The patient has received no cytotoxic chemotherapy (including investigational cytotoxic chemotherapy) or biologic agents (e.g., cytokines or antibodies) within 2 weeks before the first dose of study treatment
• The patient has received no radiation therapy:
• To the lungs and mediastinum or abdomen within 4 weeks before the first dose of study treatment, or has ongoing complications, or is healing from prior radiation therapy
• To brain metastasis within 3 weeks for whole-brain radiotherapy (WBXRT), and 2 weeks for stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) before the first dose of study treatment
• To the abdomen within 4 weeks before the first dose of study treatment, or has ongoing complications, or is healing from prior radiation therapy
• To any other site(s) within 2 weeks before the first dose of study treatment
• The patient has received no radionuclide treatment within 6 weeks of the first dose of study treatment
• The patient has received no prior treatment with a small molecule kinase inhibitor within 14 days or five half-lives of the compound or active metabolites, whichever is longer, before the first dose of study treatment
• The patient has received no prior treatment with hormonal therapy within 14 days or five half-lives of the compound or active metabolites, whichever is longer, before the first dose of study treatment. Subjects receiving gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists and antagonists are allowed to participate
• The patient has not received any other type of investigational agent within 14 days before the first dose of study treatment
• The patient must have recovered to baseline or Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) =< grade 1 from toxicity due to all prior therapies except alopecia, neuropathy and other non-clinically significant adverse events (AEs) defined as lab elevation with no associated symptoms or sequelae
• The patient may not have active brain metastases or epidural disease. Patients with brain metastases previously treated with whole brain radiation or radiosurgery who are asymptomatic and do not require steroid treatment for at least 2 weeks before starting study treatment are eligible. Neurosurgical resection of brain metastases or brain biopsy is permitted if completed at least 3 months before starting study treatment. Baseline brain imaging with contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans for subjects with known brain metastases is required to confirm eligibility
• No concomitant treatment with warfarin. Aspirin (up to 325 mg/day), thrombin or factor Xa inhibitors, low-dose warfarin (=< 1 mg/day), prophylactic and therapeutic low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) are permitted
• No chronic concomitant treatment with strong CYP3A4 inducers (e.g., dexamethasone, phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine, phenobarbital, and St. John's wort) or strong CYP3A4 inhibitors
• Because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult medical reference texts such as the Physicians' Desk Reference may also provide this information. As part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product
• The patient has not experienced any of the following:
• Clinically-significant gastrointestinal bleeding within 6 months before the first dose of study treatment
• Hemoptysis of >= 0.5 teaspoon (2.5 mL) of red blood per day within 1 months before the first dose of study treatment
• Any other signs indicative of pulmonary hemorrhage within 3 months before the first dose of study treatment
• The patient has no tumor invading any major blood vessels
• The patient has no evidence of tumor invading the GI tract (esophagus, stomach, small or large bowel, rectum or anus), or any evidence of endotracheal or endobronchial tumor within 28 days before the first dose of cabozantinib. Patients with rectal tumor masses are not eligible.
• The patient has no uncontrolled, significant intercurrent or recent illness including, but not limited to, the following conditions:
• Cardiovascular disorders including:
• Congestive heart failure (CHF): New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III (moderate) or class IV (severe) at the time of screening.
• Concurrent uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained blood pressure (BP) > 150 mm Hg systolic, or > 90 mm Hg diastolic despite optimal antihypertensive treatment within 7 days of the first dose of study treatment
• The subject has a corrected QT interval calculated by the Fridericia formula (QTcF) > 500 ms within 28 days before randomization. Note: if initial QTcF is found to be > 500 ms, two additional electrocardiograms (EKGs) separated by at least 3 minutes should be performed. If the average of these three consecutive results for QTcF is =< 500 ms, the subject meets eligibility in this regard
• Any history of congenital long QT syndrome
• Any of the following within 6 months before registration of study treatment:
• Unstable angina pectoris
• Clinically-significant cardiac arrhythmias (patients with atrial fibrillation are eligible)
• Stroke (including transient ischemic attack [TIA], or other ischemic event)
• Myocardial infarction
• No significant gastrointestinal disorders particularly those associated with a high risk of perforation or fistula formation including:
• Any of the following that have not resolved within 28 days before the first dose of study treatment:
• Active peptic ulcer disease
• Acute diverticulitis, cholecystitis, symptomatic cholangitis or appendicitis, or malabsorption syndrome
• None of the following within 2 years before the first dose of study treatment:
• Abdominal fistula or genitourinary fistula
• Gastrointestinal perforation
• Bowel obstruction or gastric outlet obstruction
• Intra-abdominal abscess. Note: Complete resolution of an intra-abdominal abscess must be confirmed prior to initiating treatment with cabozantinib even if the abscess occurred more than 2 years before the first dose of study treatment
• Disorders associated with a high risk of fistula formation including percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement are not eligible
• No other clinically significant disorders such as:
• Severe active infection requiring IV systemic treatment within 14 days before the first dose of study treatment
• Serious non-healing wound/ulcer/bone fracture within 28 days before the first dose of study treatment
• History of organ or allogeneic stem cell transplant
• Concurrent uncompensated hypothyroidism or thyroid dysfunction within 7 days before the first dose of study treatment (for asymptomatic patients with an elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone [TSH], thyroid replacement may be initiated if clinically indicated without delaying the start of study treatment)
• No history of major surgery as follows:
• Major surgery within 3 months of the first dose of ca
Drug: Cabozantinib S-malate, Biological: Ipilimumab, Biological: Nivolumab
Bladder Adenocarcinoma, Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma, Sarcomatoid Renal Cell Carcinoma, Bladder Mixed Adenocarcinoma, Bladder Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Chromophobe Renal Cell Carcinoma, Infiltrating Bladder Lymphoepithelioma-Like Carcinoma, Infiltrating Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Infiltrating Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma With Giant Cells, Infiltrating Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Nested Variant, Infiltrating Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Plasmacytoid Variant, Kidney Medullary Carcinoma, Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Metastatic Bladder Carcinoma, Metastatic Bladder Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Metastatic Bladder Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Metastatic Infiltrating Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Clear Cell Variant, Metastatic Infiltrating Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Lipid-Rich Variant, Metastatic Infiltrating Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Micropapillary Variant, Metastatic Infiltrating Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Plasmacytoid Variant, Metastatic Infiltrating Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Sarcomatoid Variant, Metastatic Kidney Medullary Carcinoma, Metastatic Malignant Genitourinary System Neoplasm, Metastatic Penile Carcinoma, Metastatic Sarcomatoid Renal Cell Carcinoma, Stage IV Bladder Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IV Penile Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IV Prostate Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IV Renal Cell Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IVA Bladder Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IVA Prostate Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IVB Bladder Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IVB Prostate Cancer AJCC v8, Testicular Leydig Cell Tumor, Testicular Sertoli Cell Tumor, Infiltrating Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma, Sarcomatoid Variant, Bladder Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma, Bladder Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Bladder Urachal Adenocarcinoma, Collecting Duct Carcinoma, Metastatic Urethral Carcinoma, Stage IV Urethral Cancer AJCC v8, Urethral Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma, Bladder Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Metastatic Bladder Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Metastatic Prostate Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma
Study of Cabozantinib in Combination With Atezolizumab to Subjects With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors
This is a multicenter Phase 1b, open-label study to assess safety, tolerability, preliminary efficacy, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of cabozantinib taken in combination with atezolizumab in subjects with multiple tumor types, including advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC) (including bladder, renal pelvis, ureter, urethra), renal cell carcinoma (RCC), castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), ovarian cancer (OC), endometrial cancer (EC), hepatocellular cancer (HCC), gastric cancer and gastroesophageal junction cancer (GC/GEJC), colorectal cancer (CRC), head and neck (H&N) cancer, and differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). The study consists of two stages: in the Dose Escalation Stage, an appropriate recommended cabozantinib dose for the combination with standard dosing regimen of atezolizumab will be established; in the Expansion Stage, tumor-specific cohorts will be enrolled in order to further evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination treatment in these tumor indications. Two exploratory single-agent cabozantinib (SAC) cohorts will also be enrolled with UC or NSCLC subjects.
18 Years and over
Phase 1/Phase 2
Inclusion Criteria:1. Cytologically or histologically and radiologically confirmed solid tumor that is inoperable, locally advanced, metastatic, or recurrent:
• Dose-Escalation Stage:
• Subjects with UC (including renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, urethra) after prior platinum-based therapy, or
• Subjects with RCC (clear cell, non-clear cell histology) with or without prior systemic anticancer therapy
• Expansion Stage:
• Inoperable locally advanced or metastatic solid tumor (UC, RCC, CRPC, NSCLC, TNBC, OC, EC, HCC, GC/GEJC, CRC, H&N cancer, and DTC as outlined above) 2. Measurable disease per RECIST 1.1 as determined by the investigator. 3. Tumor tissue material available (archival or recent tumor biopsy) 4. Recovery to baseline or ≤ Grade 1 CTCAE v4 from toxicities related to any prior treatments, unless AE(s) are clinically nonsignificant and/or stable on supportive therapy. 5. Age eighteen years or older on the day of consent. 6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1. 7. Adequate organ and marrow function. 8. Sexually active fertile subjects and their partners must agree to use medically accepted methods of contraception. 9. Female subjects of childbearing potential must not be pregnant at screening.
Exclusion Criteria:1. Prior treatment with cabozantinib or immune checkpoint inhibitors including anti-CTLA-4, anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 therapy except in Expansion Cohorts 5, 7,19 and 20. Other restrictions regarding prior therapy may apply. 2. Known brain metastases or cranial epidural disease unless adequately treated and stable for at least 4 weeks before first dose of study treatment. 3. Concomitant anticoagulation with oral anticoagulants. 4. Subject is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 2 weeks prior to first dose of study treatment. 5. Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 30 days before first dose of study treatment. 6. The subject has uncontrolled, significant intercurrent or recent illness, including, but not limited to, an active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency; idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia, pneumonitis; active infection requiring systemic treatment, infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), AIDS-related illness, acute or chronic hepatitis B or C infection, positive test for tuberculosis, moderate to severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B or C). 7. Pregnant or lactating females. 8. Previously identified allergy or hypersensitivity to components of the study treatment formulations. 9. Diagnosis of another malignancy within 2 years before first dose of study treatment.
Drug: cabozantinib, Drug: atezolizumab, Drug: cabozantinib, Drug: cabozantinib
Endometrial Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Gastric Cancer, Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Colorectal Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Renal Cell Carcinoma, Triple Negative Breast Cancer, Urothelial Carcinoma, Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer, Differentiated Thyroid Cancer, Anus, Breast - Female, Cervix, Colon, Corpus Uteri, Esophagus, Kidney, Larynx, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Other Digestive Organ, Other Female Genital, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Other Urinary, Ovary, Pancreas, Prostate, Rectum, Stomach, Thyroid, Urinary Bladder, Small Intestine
Kidney, Bladder, Renal pelvis, Ureter, Urethra, Cancer, Prostate, Castration-resistant, Lung, Breast, Ovarian, Endometrial, Liver, Stomach