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18 Study Matches
Platinum Based Chemotherapy or Capecitabine in Treating Patients With Residual Triple-Negative Basal-Like Breast Cancer Following Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy
This randomized phase III trial studies how well cisplatin or carboplatin (platinum based chemotherapy) works compared to capecitabine in treating patients with remaining (residual) basal-like triple-negative breast cancer following chemotherapy after surgery (neoadjuvant). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, carboplatin and capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether cisplatin or carboplatin is more effective than capecitabine in treating patients with residual triple negative basal-like breast cancer.
18 Years and over
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SCREENING AND MOLECULAR PROFILING (STEP 0)
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1 within 2 weeks prior to screening
• Female and male patients must have histologically confirmed invasive breast cancer that meets the following criteria:
• Clinical stage II-III (American Joint Committee on Cancer [AJCC] 7th edition) at diagnosis, based on initial evaluation by clinical examination and/or breast imaging; no metastatic disease allowed
• ER- and PR- should meet one of the following criteria:
• =< 10% cells stain positive, with weak intensity score (equivalent to Allred score =< 3)
• =< 1% cells stain positive, with weak or intermediate intensity score (equivalent to Allred score =< 3)
• HER2 negative (not eligible for anti-HER2 therapy) will be defined as:
• Immunohistochemistry (IHC) 0, 1+ without in situ hybridization (ISH) HER2/neu chromosome 17 ratio OR
• IHC 2+ and ISH HER2/neu chromosome 17 ratio non-amplified with ratio less than 2.0 and if reported average HER2 copy number < 6 signals/cells OR
• ISH HER2/neu chromosome 17 ratio non-amplified with ratio less than 2.0 and if reported average HER2 copy number < 6 signals/cells without IHC
• NOTE: Patients that originally present with synchronous bilateral tumors are eligible provided both tumors are TNBC, and at least one of them fulfills the remainder eligibility criteria of the protocol; multifocal or multicentric breast cancers are eligible as long as all tumors fulfill eligibility criteria
• NOTE: Patients that have a discrepancy in ER/PR/HER2 status between original diagnosis and surgical specimen (if ER/PR/HER2 status were repeated) are not eligible for study participation (i.e. ER/PR/HER2 has to fulfill above criteria in both scenarios)
• Patients must have completed neoadjuvant taxane +/- anthracycline; patients must NOT have received cisplatin or carboplatin or capecitabine as part of their neoadjuvant therapy regimen
• NOTE: Patients who received preoperative therapy as part of a clinical trial may enroll
• NOTE: Patients that were not able to complete their planned neoadjuvant chemotherapy for any reason (i.e. toxicities, etc.) are eligible to participate as long as no further systemic standard of care therapy is planned by the treating physician
• Must have completed definitive resection of primary tumor
• Negative margins for both invasive and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) are desirable, however patients with positive margins may enroll if the treatment team believes no further surgery is possible and patient has received radiotherapy; patients with margins positive for lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) are eligible
• Either mastectomy or breast conserving surgery (including lumpectomy or partial mastectomy) is acceptable
• Sentinel node biopsy either pre or post neoadjuvant chemotherapy (i.e. at the time of definitive surgery) are allowed; axillary dissection is encouraged in patients with lymph node involvement, but is not mandatory
• Post neoadjuvant chemotherapy, patients must be found to have residual invasive cancer in the breast at the time of definitive surgery; residual cancer is defined as a contiguous focus of residual invasive cancer, in the breast, measuring >= 1 cm in diameter, and with more than minimal cellularity, as per local pathologist determination; this is required due to constraints in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extraction for PAM50 analysis
• NOTE: The presence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) without invasion does not qualify as residual invasive disease in the breast
• NOTE: Despite lymph node involvement if residual invasive cancer in the breast is < 1 cm in diameter patients are not eligible for participation
• Radiotherapy may be given before or after protocol treatment per standard of care guidelines; when radiotherapy is planned prior to protocol treatment administration, patients may be registered and screened while receiving radiation
• Post-mastectomy radiotherapy is required for all patients with the following:
• Primary tumor >= 5 cm (prior to neoadjuvant chemotherapy [clinically] or at the time of definitive surgery) or involvement of 4 or more lymph nodes at the time of definitive surgery
• For patients with primary tumors < 5 cm or with < 4 involved lymph nodes prior to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and at the time of definitive surgery, provision of post-mastectomy radiotherapy is at the discretion of the treating physician
• Radiation of regional nodal basins is at the discretion of the treating radiation oncologist
• NOTE: Breast radiotherapy (whole breast or partial) is required for patients who underwent breast-conserving therapy, including lumpectomy or partial mastectomy
• Hemoglobin (Hgb) > 9.0 g/dL
• Platelets > 100,000 mm^3
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1500 mm^3
• Calculated creatinine clearance of > 50 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula
• Bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN upper limit of normal (except in patients with documented Gilbert?s disease, who must have a total bilirubin =< 3.0 mg/dL)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
• Alanine aminotransferase (ALT, serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x ULN
• No history of TNBC invasive breast cancer within 5 years of enrollment, no concurrent malignancies of any sort
• No clinically significant infections as judged by the treating investigator
• Patients with active >= Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v.) 4 grade 2 neuropathy are ineligible
• Adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery other than that specified in this protocol is not allowed; luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists and adjuvant bisphosphonate or denosumab use is allowed
• Patients must have archived formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue specimen from the residual disease on the definitive surgical specimen available for PAM50 analysis for stratification
• Tumor tissue specimen from the definitive surgery has been collected and is ready to ship to the ECOG-American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN) Central Biorepository and Pathology Facility (CBPF) within 21 weeks post-surgery
• The Molecular Diagnostics Laboratory (MDL) at MD Anderson Cancer Center will perform the PAM50 analysis and notify the ECOG-American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN) operations office within three (3) weeks of receipt of the tumor tissue specimen via secure electronic messaging to the ECOG-ACRIN database; results will not be reported to the submitting institution
• NOTE: Tissue must be submitted any time during screening period, even if patient is getting radiation
• NOTE: Every effort should be made to submit the tumor tissue specimen to the ECOG-ACRIN CBPF immediately
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): No specific timeframe between registration and randomization needs to be observed, as long as:
• Patients randomized to the chemotherapy arms have their cycle 1/ day 1 (platinum based or capecitabine) start within 3 weeks (15 working days) following randomization date
• Randomization occurs no more than 24 weeks from surgery date
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): Must have PAM50 analysis by digital mRNA quantitation on the formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor tissue specimen (FFPE) of the residual disease in the breast or axilla resected at the time of definitive surgery completed
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): ECOG performance status 0 or 1 within 2 weeks prior to randomization
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): Radiotherapy may be given before or after protocol treatment. when radiotherapy is planned prior to protocol treatment administration, patients must have completed adjuvant radiotherapy >= 2 weeks prior to randomization for protocol therapy, if applicable
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): Patients must have completed treatment with any investigational agent >= 30 days prior to randomization for protocol therapy, if applicable
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): Patients must be randomized within 24 weeks from surgery
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding; all females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to randomization to rule out pregnancy
• A female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must be strongly advised to use an accepted and effective method of contraception or to abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): Hemoglobin (Hgb) > 9.0 g/dL
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): Platelets > 100,000 mm^3
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1500 mm^3
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): International normalized ratio (INR) =< 3 (to be done/tested only for subjects on warfarin)
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): Calculated creatinine clearance of > 50 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): Bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (except in patients with documented Gilbert?s disease, who must have a total bilirubin =< 3.0 mg/dL)
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): Aspartate aminotransferase (AST, SGOT) =< 2.5 x ULN
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR RANDOMIZATION (STEP 1): Alanine aminotransferase (ALT, SGPT) =< 2.5 x ULN
Drug: Capecitabine, Drug: Carboplatin, Drug: Cisplatin, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Procedure: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Other: Questionnaire Administration
HER2/Neu Negative, Stage IIA Breast Cancer, Stage IIB Breast Cancer, Stage IIIB Breast Cancer, Estrogen Receptor Negative, Progesterone Receptor Negative, Invasive Breast Carcinoma, Stage IIIA Breast Cancer, Stage IIIC Breast Cancer, Triple-Negative Breast Carcinoma, Stage III Breast Cancer, Stage II Breast Cancer
Radiofrequency and Hybrid Fractional Laser for Vaginal Rejuvenation
This is a single-center, randomized, prospective study designed to evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency and hybrid fractional laser for vaginal rejuvenation. 120 subjects will be screened with 100 undergoing a three-part treatment of the vulvovaginal area IntraGen RF unit, IntraGen RF unit placebo, DiVa HFL unit, or DiVa HFL unit placebo. These treatments will be spaced one month apart and last about 25 minutes each. Each subject will be screened, undergo testing at baseline, and will be followed conservatively with no further therapy until they reach 6 months after the initiation of the designated treatment. At that time, all subjects will undergo subjective and objective testing. Those in the treatment group will be followed to 9 and 12 months after the initiation of treatment with appropriate analysis. Those in the placebo group will be provided a three-part treatment of the vulvovaginal area with the IntraGen RF unit and DiVA HFL unit. These treatments will be spaced one month apart and last about 25 minutes each. Six months after receiving three treatments of the dual therapy these patients will undergo subjective and objective testing. The primary outcome measure is improvement in vulvovaginal symptoms measured by the validated Vulvovaginal Symptoms Questionnaire. Data obtained from each investigation will be recorded in a password-protected digital spreadsheet, REDCap database and descriptive statistics will be obtained.
40 Years to 65 Years old
• Women should be between 40 and 65 years of age
• Women should be post-menopausal
• Women should be amenorrheic for at least 12 months
• Postmenopausal women presenting with one or more of the following:
• Vulvar itching
• Vulvar burning or stinging
• Vulvar pain
• Vulvar irritation
• Vulvar dryness
• Discharge from subject's vulva or vagina
• Odor from subject's vulva or vagina
• Unable to commit to future appointments within one year
• Planning on moving away from Dallas within one year
• History of other energy-based vaginal therapy within one year
• Vaginal hormone replacement therapy must have a one month washout period prior to treatment and discontinued use for duration of study, systemic replacement is not excluded
• Prior labiaplasty, or vaginal injections of fat or fillers within 6 months
• Prior anti-incontinence surgery in the last 12 months
• Urinary incontinence requiring more than 2 pads/day
• Clinically significant pelvic organ prolapse (POP)
• Urinary tract infection in the past 3 months
• Unstable diabetes
• Ongoing chemotherapy
• Immunodeficiency status (steroid intake, ongoing chemotherapy)
• Diffuse pain syndrome or chronic pain requiring daily narcotics
• Chronic vaginitis including bacterial vaginosis, HPV, herpes, or other active STI
• Recent abnormal Papanicolaou test result
• Recent abnormal pelvic exam (i.e. concerning lesions)
• Vulvar dermatologic pathology requiring local steroid use
• Undiagnosed abnormal genital bleeding
• If less than two years postmenopausal, not using a medically approved method of contraception (i.e. oral, transdermal, implanted contraceptives, intrauterine device, diaphragm, condom, etc.)
• History of genital fistula or a thin rectovaginal septum
• Uncontrolled psychiatric conditions (well-controlled depression/anxiety is not excluded)
• Body Mass Index > 35
• Actively participating in or planning on participating in pelvic floor muscle strengthening exercise
• Presence of pacemaker, AICD, or other electrical health maintenance device
Device: IntraGen RF, Device: DiVA
postmenopause, rejuvenation, radiofrequency, diva
Olaparib With or Without Atezolizumab in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Unresectable or Metastatic Non-HER2-Positive Breast Cancer
This randomized phase II trial studies how well olaparib with or without atezolizumab work in treating patients with non-HER2-positive breast cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the tumor, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. It is not known whether giving olaparib with or without atezolizumab will work better in patients with non-HER2-positive breast cancer.
18 Years and over
• Patients must have histologically documented unresectable locally advanced or metastatic non-HER2-positive breast cancer and a known BRCA 1/2 mutation present
• Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 20 mm (>= 2 cm) by chest x-ray or as >= 10 mm (>= 1 cm) with computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam
• Prior chemotherapy is allowed, including platinum therapy; patients must not have received chemotherapy for 4 weeks prior to the initiation of study treatment and must have recovery =< grade 1 from any adverse events from any prior chemotherapy (other than alopecia); patients must not have had nitrosoureas or mitomycin C for 6 weeks prior to the initiation of study treatment
• Prior radiation therapy is allowed; patients must not have received minimal radiation therapy (=< 5% of their total marrow volume) within 3 weeks prior to the initiation of study treatment; otherwise, patients must not have received radiation therapy (> 5% of their total marrow volume) within 4 weeks prior to the initiation of study treatment; patients who have received prior radiation to 50% or more of their total marrow volume will be excluded
• Patients who have received prior treatment with anti-CTLA-4 may be enrolled, provided the following requirements are met: minimum of 12 weeks from the first dose of anti-CTLA-4 and > 6 weeks from the last dose, and no history of severe immune-related adverse effects from anti-CTLA-4 (National Cancer Institute [NCI] Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] grade 3 and 4)
• Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medications (including, but not limited to, prednisone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-tumor necrosis factor [anti-TNF] agents) is allowed, provided the following is met: minimum of 2 weeks prior to cycle 1, day 1; patients who have received acute, low dose, systemic immunosuppressant medications (e.g., a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea) may be enrolled; the use of corticosteroids and mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone) for patients with orthostatic hypotension or adrenocortical insufficiency is allowed
• Prior treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents (including, but not limited to, interferon [IFN]-alpha or interleukin [IL]-2) is allowed, provided the following is met: minimum of 6 weeks prior to cycle 1, day 1
• Patients taking bisphosphonate therapy for symptomatic hypercalcemia are NOT allowed; use of bisphosphonate therapy for other reasons (e.g., bone metastasis or osteoporosis) is allowed
• Prior hormone therapy is allowed; patients must not have received hormone therapy for breast cancer for 2 weeks prior to the initiation of study treatment and must have recovery =< grade 1 from any adverse events related to these therapies (other than alopecia)
• Prior experimental (non-Food and Drug Administration [FDA] approved) therapies and immunotherapies are allowed; patients must not have received these therapies for 4 weeks prior to the initiation of study treatment and must have recovery =< grade 1 from any adverse events of these therapies (other than alopecia); prior treatment with any PARP inhibitor or any anti-PD-1/anti-PD-L1 antibody is NOT allowed
• Other therapies (e.g. targeted therapy such as cyclin-dependent kinase [CDK] inhibitors): patients should have recovered to =< grade 1 drug related toxicity; they must have completed therapy for either a total of duration equivalent to 5 half-lives of the drug or 28 days, whichever is shorter
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
• Life expectancy of greater than 6 months
• Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
• Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
• Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
• Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (however, patients with known Gilbert disease who have serum bilirubin level =< 3 x ULN may be enrolled)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) if no liver metastasis; =< 5 x upper ULN if liver metastasis present
• Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 x ULN (=< 5 x ULN for patients with documented liver involvement or bone metastases)
• Creatinine clearance >= 51 mL/min/1.73 m^2 by Cockcroft-Gault
• International normalized ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN (this applies only to patients who do not receive therapeutic anticoagulation; patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation, such as low-molecular-weight heparin or warfarin, should be on a stable dose)
• No features suggestive of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML) on peripheral blood smear
• Patients must have tumors determined to be easily accessible for biopsy and must be willing to have serial biopsies (with a third biopsy upon evidence of disease progression)
• Administration of atezolizumab and/or olaparib may have an adverse effect on pregnancy and poses a risk to the human fetus, including embryo-lethality; women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use highly effective contraception prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for at least 5 months (150 days) after the last dose of study agent; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use two highly effective forms of contraception in combination prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and for at least 5 months (150 days) after completion of atezolizumab and/or olaparib administration; women of child-bearing potential: negative serum pregnancy test within 28 days of study treatment and confirmed prior to treatment on day 1; postmenopausal or evidence of non-childbearing status for women of childbearing potential; postmenopausal is defined as:
• Amenorrheic for 1 year or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments
• Luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels in the post-menopausal range for women under 50
• Radiation-induced oophorectomy with last menses > 1 year ago
• Chemotherapy-induced menopause with > 1 year interval since last menses
• Surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy)
• Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
• Subject is able to swallow and retain oral medication and does not have uncontrolled emesis or gastrointestinal disorders likely to interfere with absorption of the study medication
• Patients crossing over from monotherapy to combination therapy do not have to be fully rescreened; however, they do need to meet performance status, organ function, and blood parameters and not meet any of the exclusion criteria
• Patients positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are NOT excluded from this study, but HIV-positive patients must have:
• A stable regimen of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART)
• No requirement for concurrent antibiotics or antifungal agents for the prevention of opportunistic infections
• A CD4 count above 250 cells/mcL and an undetectable HIV viral load on standard polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based test
• Patients with prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, double umbilical cord blood transplantation (dUCBT) or prior solid organ transplantation
• Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial except as those described below, because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events
• Patients with known primary central nervous system (CNS) malignancy or symptomatic CNS metastases are excluded, with the following exceptions:
• Patients with asymptomatic untreated CNS disease may be enrolled, provided all of the following criteria are met:
• Evaluable or measurable disease outside the CNS
• No metastases to brain stem, midbrain, pons, medulla, cerebellum, or within 10 mm of the optic apparatus (optic nerves and chiasm)
• No history of intracranial hemorrhage or spinal cord hemorrhage
• No ongoing requirement for dexamethasone for CNS disease; patients on a stable dose of anticonvulsants are permitted
• No neurosurgical resection or brain biopsy within 28 days prior to cycle 1, day 1
• Patients with asymptomatic treated CNS metastases may be enrolled, provided all the criteria listed above are met as well as the following:
• Radiographic demonstration of improvement upon the completion of CNS directed therapy and no evidence of interim progression between the completion of CNS directed therapy and the screening radiographic study
• No stereotactic radiation or whole-brain radiation within 28 days prior to cycle 1, day 1
• Screening CNS radiographic study >= 4 weeks from completion of radiotherapy and >= 2 weeks from discontinuation of corticosteroids
• Known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human antibodies
• History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins
• History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to olaparib and atezolizumab; patients with a known hypersensitivity to olaparib or any of the excipients of the product
• Prior treatment with any PARP inhibitor or any anti-PD-1/anti-PD-L1 antibody
• Known clinically significant liver disease, including active viral, alcoholic, or other hepatitis; cirrhosis; fatty liver; and inherited liver disease
• Patients with past or resolved hepatitis B infection (defined as having a negative hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test and a positive anti-HBc [antibody to hepatitis B core antigen] antibody test) are eligible
• Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if PCR is negative for HCV RNA
• History or risk of autoimmune disease, including, but not limited to, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjogren's syndrome, Bell's palsy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune thyroid disease, vasculitis, lichen sclerosis, or glomerulonephritis
• Patients with a history of autoimmune hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone may be eligible
• Patients with controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus on a stable insulin regimen may be eligible
• Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus of vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis would be excluded) are permitted provided that they meet the following conditions:
• Patients with psoriasis must have a baseline ophthalmologic exam to rule out ocular manifestations
• Rash must cover less than 10% of body surface area (BSA)
• Disease is well controlled at baseline and only requiring low potency topical steroids (e.g., hydrocortisone 2.5%, hydrocortisone butyrate 0.1%, fluocinolone 0.01%, desonide 0.05%, alclometasone dipropionate 0.05%)
• No acute exacerbations of underlying condition within the last 12 months (not requiring psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation [PUVA], methotrexate, retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors; high potency or oral steroids)
• History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonitis (including drug induced), organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, etc.), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan; history of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted if recovered
• Major surgical procedure within 28 days prior to cycle 1, day 1 and patients must have recovered from any effects of any major surgery; anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure during the course of the study
• Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks before cycle 1, day 1 or anticipation that such a live, attenuated vaccine will be required during the study and up to 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab
• Influenza vaccination should be given during influenza season only (approximately October to March); patients must not receive live, attenuated influenza vaccine within 4 weeks prior to cycle 1, day 1 or at any time during the study
• Patients considered a poor medical risk due to a serious, uncontrolled medical disorder, non-malignant systemic disease or active, uncontrolled infection; examples include, but are not limited to, uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia, recent (within 3 months) myocardial infarction, unstable spinal cord compression, superior vena cava syndrome, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, extensive interstitial bilateral lung disease on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan or any psychiatric disorder that prohibits obtaining informed consent and would limit compliance with study requirements
• Pregnant women are excluded from this study because olaparib and atezolizumab are have the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with olaparib and atezolizumab, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with olaparib and atezolizumab
• Any prior grade >= 3 immune-related adverse event (irAE) while receiving any previous immunotherapy agent, or any unresolved irAE > grade 1
• Patients with active seizures or a history of uncontrolled seizure disorder, including focal or generalized seizure within the past year
• Patients requiring treatment with a RANKL inhibitor (e.g. denosumab) who cannot discontinue it before treatment with atezolizumab
• Resting electrocardiogram (ECG) with corrected QT (QTc) > 470 msec or family history of long QT syndrome
• Concomitant use of known strong CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. itraconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin, protease inhibitors boosted with ritonavir or cobicistat, indinavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, boceprevir, telaprevir) or moderate CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, diltiazem, fluconazole, verapamil); the required washout p
Drug: Atezolizumab, Drug: Olaparib, Other: Questionnaire Administration
Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IIIB Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIIC Breast Cancer AJCC v7, BRCA1 Gene Mutation, BRCA2 Gene Mutation, Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIIA Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Metastatic Breast Carcinoma, Homologous Recombination Deficiency, Locally Advanced Unresectable Breast Carcinoma
Radiation Therapy and Cisplatin With or Without Triapine in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Stage IB2, II, or IIIB-IVA Cervical Cancer or Stage II-IVA Vaginal Cancer
This randomized phase III trial studies radiation therapy and cisplatin with triapine to see how well they work compared to the standard radiation therapy and cisplatin alone in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage IB2, II, or IIIB-IVA cervical cancer or stage II-IVA vaginal cancer. Radiation therapy uses high energy protons to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Triapine may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether radiation therapy and cisplatin are more effective with triapine in treating cervical or vaginal cancer.
18 Years and over
• Patient has a new, unrated histologic diagnosis of stage IB2 (> 5 cm), II, IIIB or IVA squamous, adenocarcinoma, or adenosquamous carcinoma of the uterine cervix or stage II-IVA squamous, adenocarcinoma, or adenosquamous carcinoma of the vagina not amenable to curative surgical resection alone ; the presence or absence of para‐aortic lymph node metastasis will be based on pre-therapy 18F‐FDG PET/CT; if the baseline 18F‐FDG PET/CT identifies hypermetabolic para‐aortic disease, such patients will NOT be eligible; the patient must be able to tolerate imaging requirements of an 18F‐FDG PET/CT scan
• Patient must provide study specific informed consent prior to study entry
• Patient must have a Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2 or equivalent
• Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/uL
• Platelets > 100,000/uL
• Hemoglobin > 10 g/dL
• Total bilirubin < 2.0 mg/dL
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) < 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
• Prothrombin time (PT)/activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) < 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
• Creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL to receive weekly cisplatin
• Patients whose serum creatinine is between 1.5 and 1.9 mg/dL are eligible for cisplatin if the estimated creatinine clearance (CCr) is >= 30 ml/min; for the purpose of estimating the CCr, the formula of Cockcroft and Gault for females should be used
• Patient does not have uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (i.e., fasting blood glucose > 200 mg/dL)
• Patient has a life expectancy of greater than 20 weeks
• Patient does not have known brain metastases (testing optional)
• Patient does not have known human immunodeficiency virus syndrome (HIV, testing optional); known HIV-positive patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible
• Patient does not have a known allergy to compounds of similar or biologic composition as triapine
• Patient does not have known glucose‐6‐phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency (G6PD testing optional)
• Patient is not actively breastfeeding (or has agreed to discontinue breastfeeding before the initiation of protocol therapy)
• Patient has another concurrent active invasive malignancy
• Patient has had a prior invasive malignancy diagnosed within the last three years (except  non-melanoma skin cancer or  prior in situ carcinoma of the cervix); patients are excluded if they have received prior pelvic radiotherapy for any reason that would contribute radiation dose that would exceed tolerance of normal tissues at the discretion of the treating physician
• Patient has uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction within six months of protocol initiation, cardiac arrhythmia within six months of protocol initiation; known inadequately controlled hypertension; clinically significant pulmonary disease including dyspnea at rest, or patients requiring supplemental oxygen, or poor pulmonary reserve; proteinuria or clinically significant renal function impairment (baseline serum creatinine > 2 mg/dL); or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
• Patient is receiving another investigational agent for the treatment of cancer
• Patient is currently pregnant
• Patient does not agree to use two forms of birth control if they are of child-bearing potential
• Patients who have had a hysterectomy or are planning to have an adjuvant hysterectomy following radiation as part of their cervical cancer treatment are ineligible
• Patients scheduled to be treated with adjuvant consolidation chemotherapy at the conclusion of their standard chemoradiation
• Patients with self-reported or known diagnosis of G6PD deficiency
Drug: Cisplatin, Radiation: External Beam Radiation Therapy, Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy, Radiation: Internal Radiation Therapy, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Radiation: Radiation Therapy, Drug: Triapine
Cervical Adenocarcinoma, Cervical Adenosquamous Carcinoma, Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Not Otherwise Specified, Vaginal Adenocarcinoma, Vaginal Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Not Otherwise Specified, Vaginal Adenosquamous Carcinoma, Stage IB2 Cervical Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Cervical Cancer AJCC v7, Stage II Vaginal Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IIA Cervical Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIB Cervical Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Vaginal Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IIIB Cervical Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IVA Cervical Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IVA Vaginal Cancer AJCC v6 and v7
Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Rare Tumors
This clinical trial studies nivolumab and ipilimumab in treating patients with rare tumors. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. This trial enrolls participants for the following cohorts based on condition: 1. Epithelial tumors of nasal cavity, sinuses, nasopharynx: A) Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx and trachea (excluding laryngeal, nasopharyngeal cancer [NPC], and squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck [SCCHN]) B) Adenocarcinoma and variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx (closed to accrual 07/27/2018) 2. Epithelial tumors of major salivary glands (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) 3. Salivary gland type tumors of head and neck, lip, esophagus, stomach, trachea and lung, breast and other location (closed to accrual) 4. Undifferentiated carcinoma of gastrointestinal (GI) tract 5. Adenocarcinoma with variants of small intestine (closed to accrual 05/10/2018) 6. Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of GI tract (stomach small intestine, colon, rectum, pancreas) (closed to accrual 10/17/2018) 7. Fibromixoma and low grade mucinous adenocarcinoma (pseudomixoma peritonei) of the appendix and ovary (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) 8. Rare pancreatic tumors including acinar cell carcinoma, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma or serous cystadenocarcinoma. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is not eligible 9. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) 10. Extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and bile duct tumors (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) 11. Sarcomatoid carcinoma of lung 12. Bronchoalveolar carcinoma lung. This condition is now also referred to as adenocarcinoma in situ, minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, lepidic predominant adenocarcinoma, or invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma 13. Non-epithelial tumors of the ovary: A) Germ cell tumor of ovary B) Mullerian mixed tumor and adenosarcoma (closed to accrual 03/30/2018) 14. Trophoblastic tumor: A) Choriocarcinoma (closed to accrual 04/15/2019) 15. Transitional cell carcinoma other than that of the renal, pelvis, ureter, or bladder (closed to accrual 04/15/2019) 16. Cell tumor of the testes and extragonadal germ tumors: A) Seminoma and testicular sex cord cancer B) Non seminomatous tumor C) Teratoma with malignant transformation (closed to accrual 3/15/2019) 17. Epithelial tumors of penis - squamous adenocarcinoma cell carcinoma with variants of penis 18. Squamous cell carcinoma variants of the genitourinary (GU) system 19. Spindle cell carcinoma of kidney, pelvis, ureter 20. Adenocarcinoma with variants of GU system (excluding prostate cancer) (closed to accrual 07/27/2018) 21. Odontogenic malignant tumors 22. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) (formerly named: Endocrine carcinoma of pancreas and digestive tract.) 23. Neuroendocrine carcinoma including carcinoid of the lung (closed to accrual 12/19/2017) 24. Pheochromocytoma, malignant 25. Paraganglioma (closed to accrual 11/29/2018) 26. Carcinomas of pituitary gland, thyroid gland parathyroid gland and adrenal cortex 27. Desmoid tumors 28. Peripheral nerve sheath tumors and NF1-related tumors (closed to accrual 09/19/2018) 29. Malignant giant cell tumors 30. Chordoma (closed to accrual 11/29/2018) 31. Adrenal cortical tumors (closed to accrual 06/27/2018) 32. Tumor of unknown primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary; CuP) (closed to accrual 12/22/2
18 Years and over
• Patients are eligible under ONE of the following criteria:
• For all cohorts except the gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) (Cohort #47), patients must have histologically and/or biochemically confirmed rare cancer and must be able to submit specimens. To be eligible for the GTD cohort: patients must have disease confirmed by quantitative serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) within 28 days prior to registration and must be able to submit blood specimens (tissue submission is not required for patients who will be registered to the GTD cohort [Cohort #47]); NOTE: Subsequent to site's Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval of revision 3, patients are NOT required to participate in EAY131 "National Cancer Institute (NCI)-Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice (MATCH)" to register to S1609 OR
• FOR PATIENTS WITH PD-L1 AMPLIFICATION ONLY: All solid tumors (excluding lymphoma) are allowed for the PD-L1 amplified cohort if they have PD-L1 amplification; PD-L1 amplification is defined as having deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) copy number of equal to or greater than six by any of the following Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA)-approved next generation sequencing (NGS) tests: Foundation Medicine, Caris, MSK Impact, MD Anderson, Tempus, or Neogenomics; (fluorescence in situ hybridization [FISH] is not allowed); the assay must be done at or after the diagnosis of advanced disease, but PRIOR TO REGISTRATION OR
• FOR PATIENTS ENROLLED IN EAY131 "NCI-MATCH" PRIOR TO EAY131 ADDENDUM 10 ONLY: Patients must have histologically confirmed rare cancer that did not have a match to a molecularly-guided therapy on EAY131 "NCI-MATCH" protocol or who are off protocol treatment on EAY131, "NCI-MATCH" and have no further molecularly-matched treatment recommendations per EAY131, "NCI-MATCH" or who are otherwise unable to receive EAY131, "NCI-MATCH" therapy
• Patients who do not qualify for one of the histologic cohorts and are not on the ineligible histology list may be considered for registration in the "Not Otherwise Categorized" Rare Tumors cohort with confirmation of at least one of the study chairs via email
• NOTE: The "Not Otherwise Categorized" Rare Tumors cohort was permanently closed to accrual on 3/15/2019
• Patients who are determined to have a rare cancer with unknown primary site are eligible under cohort #32 (tumor of unknown primary [cancer of unknown primary; CuP]), provided that there is histologic documentation of metastatic malignancy with no discernible primary site identified from histopathologic review, physical exam and associated cross-sectional imaging of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis
• NOTE: The "Tumor of unknown primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary; CuP" cohort was permanently closed to accrual on 12/22/2017
• Patients must also meet one of the following:
• Patients must have progressed following at least one line of standard systemic therapy and there must not be other approved/standard therapy available that has been shown to prolong overall survival (i.e. in a randomized trial against another standard treatment or by comparison to historical controls); patients who cannot receive other standard therapy that has been shown to prolonged survival due to medical issues will be eligible, if other eligibility criteria are met; OR
• Patients for whose disease no standard treatment exists that has been shown to prolong overall survival
• For all cohorts except the GTD cohort (Cohort #47): Patients must have a diagnostic quality computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), performed within 28 days prior to registration, which demonstrates measurable disease, as defined in RECIST v. 1.1; scans must include imaging of the chest, abdomen and pelvis, with the exception of patients with head/neck cancer, who must have imaging of the chest, abdomen, pelvis and neck; if there is clinical suspicion for bone metastases at the time of enrollment (in the judgement of the treating investigator) bone scan should be performed; bone scans done within 42 days prior to registration may be used to establish baseline condition at registration
• No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following:
• Adequately managed stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission
• Any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for one year
• Adequately managed stage I or II follicular thyroid or prostate cancer is also eligible, wherein patient is not required to be in complete remission
• Note: Second primary tumors are not allowed concurrent with any of the eligible rare cancers
• For all cohorts except the PD-L1 amplified tumors cohort (Cohort # 50): Patients may have received either prior anti-CTLA4 or other prior anti-PD-1/anti-PD-L1 therapy, but not both, provided that it is completed >= 4 weeks prior to registration. To be eligible for the PD-L1 amplified tumors cohort (Cohort #50): Patients must not have received anti-PD-1/anti-PD-L1 therapy; prior anti-CTLA-4 is allowed provided that it is completed >= 4 weeks prior to registration
• Patients who had prior grade 3 or higher immune-related adverse event (e.g. pneumonitis, hepatitis, colitis, endocrinopathy) with prior immunotherapy (e.g. cancer vaccine, cytokine, etc.) are not eligible
• Patients with clinically controlled thyroiditis or pituitary disorders on stable replacement therapy are eligible
• Patients are not eligible if they have had or are planned for solid organ transplant
• Patients with autoimmune disease who are otherwise eligible must not have received steroid and immunosuppressive therapy within 28 days prior to registration
• Patients with brain metastases or primary brain tumors must have completed treatment, surgery or radiation therapy >= 28 days prior to registration and have stable disease at time of registration; these patients must also have a CT or MRI of the brain to evaluate for CNS disease within 42 days prior to registration to S1609; metastatic brain parenchymal disease must have been treated and patient must be off steroids for 7 days prior to registration
• Patients must not currently be receiving any other investigational agents or any other systemic anti-cancer therapy (including radiation, excluding RANKL inhibitors and bisphosphonates); in event patient recently received any other systemic anti-cancer therapy, patient must be off therapy at least 7 days prior to registration and any therapy-induced toxicity must have recovered to =< grade 1, except alopecia and =< grade 2 neuropathy which are allowed; any planned radiation therapy must be completed before registration to S1609
• Patients must not have prior history of allergy or known hypersensitivity to nivolumab or ipilimumab
• Hormonal or endocrine blockade is permitted as long as patient has demonstrated progression on prior therapy (e.g. gonadotrophin releasing hormone [GnRH], somatostatin); long-acting somatostatin analogs (including octreotide) and androgen deprivation treatment (including long-acting leuprolide) are permitted while on protocol therapy
• Patients must have a Zubrod performance status of 0-2
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/mcL (within 28 days prior to registration)
• Platelets >= 75,000/mcL (within 28 days prior to registration)
• Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (within 28 days prior to registration)
• Total bilirubin =< 2.0 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN) or for documented/suspected Gilbert's disease, total bilirubin =< 3.0 x IULN (within 28 days prior to registration)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) both =< 3 x IULN (within 28 days prior to registration)
• Serum creatinine =< 2.0 x IULN (within 28 days prior to registration)
• Creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 50 mL/min., as estimated by the Cockcroft and Gault formula; estimated creatinine clearance is based on actual body weight (within 28 days prior to registration)
• Patients must have adequate thyroid function, as evidenced by either thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) or, free thyroxine (T4) serum tests demonstrating values within the normal range, within 28 days prior to registration; Note: TSH, with reflex T4 is allowable if per institutional standard; patients who have undergone thyroidectomy or who are on thyroid suppression for their cancer are not required to have normal TSH and free T4
• Patients must have adequate adrenal axis function, as evidenced by adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) values within the institutional normal ranges OR cortisol levels within institutional normal ranges (ante meridiem [AM] cortisol preferred), within 28 days prior to registration; Note: ACTH and cortisol levels are not required for patients with primary adrenal tumors (e.g. adrenocortical carcinoma)
• For women of childbearing potential, the local investigator must rule out pregnancy; Except for Cohorts 13 and 47, where tumor types may express beta-hCG, women of childbearing potential must have a serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days prior to registration; for Cohorts 13 and 47, where tumor types may produce hCG (e.g. germ cell tumors or trophoblastic disease), other pregnancy exclusion methods should be used to rule out pregnancy, such as ultrasound examination, documented history of effective contraception, or documented infertility; all females of childbearing potential must have been demonstrated not to be pregnant within 7 days prior to registration and agree to use birth control throughout study and for 23 weeks after completion of protocol therapy; patients must not be pregnant or nursing due to risk of fetal or nursing infant harm; women of childbearing potential must have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method; a woman is considered to be of "childbearing potential" if she has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months; in addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes heterosexual celibacy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) defined as a hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral tubal ligation; however, if at any point a previously celibate patient chooses to become heterosexually active during the time period for use of contraceptive measures outlined in the protocol, she is responsible for beginning contraceptive measures
• Men of reproductive potential must have agreed to use birth control throughout the study and for 31 weeks after completion of protocol therapy; in addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes heterosexual celibacy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (vasectomy); however, if at any point a previously celibate patient chooses to become heterosexually active during the time period for use of contraceptive measures outlined in the protocol, he is responsible for beginning contraceptive measures
• Patients must not have known active hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis virus (HCV) infection at time of registration; patients with HBV or HCV that have an undetectable viral load, or in the opinion of the treating investigator is well-controlled, are eligible
• Patients who are known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive at registration are eligible at the time of registration:
• CD4+ cell count greater or equal to 250 cells/mm^3
• No history of non-malignancy acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining conditions other than historical low CD4+ cell counts
• Patients must not have active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, immunosuppressive drugs, or corticosteroids with doses higher than prednisone 10 mg or equivalent); replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment; autoimmune diseases include but are not limited to autoimmune hepatitis, inflammatory bowel disease (including ulcerative colitis and Chron's disease), as well as symptomatic disease (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune vasculitis [e.g., Wegener's Granulomatosis]); CNS or motor neuropathy considered of autoimmune origin (e.g., Guillain-Barre syndrome and myasthenia gravis, multiple sclerosis or glomerulonephritis); vitiligo, alopecia, hypothyroidism on stable doses of thyroid replacement therapy, psoriasis not requiring systemic therapy within the past 2 years is permitted; short-term steroid premedication for contrast allergy is permitted
• Patients must not have any uncontrolled intercurrent illness including (not limited to): symptomatic congestive heart failure (CHF) (New York Heart Association [NYHA] III/IV), unstable angina pectoris or coronary angioplasty, or stenting within 24 weeks prior to registration, unstable cardiac arrhythmia (ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias of NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version [v] 4 grade >= 2), known psychiatric illness that would limit study compliance, intra-cardiac defibrillators, known cardiac metastases, or abnormal cardiac valve morphology (>= grade 3)
• Note: Patients with history of CHF or patients who are deemed at risk because of underlying cardiovascular disease or exposure to cardiotoxic drugs should have an electrocardiogram (EKG) and echocardiogram (ECHO), as clinically indicated, at baseline and at the start of each cycle; patients who have evidence at baseline (or subsequently) of CHF, myocardial infarction (MI), cardiomyopathy, or myositis cardiac evaluation (NYHA I/II) should have additional consult by a cardiologist, including review of EKG, creatine phosphokinase (CPK), troponin, echocardiogram, as clinically indicated
• Patients must have amylase or lipase within =< 1.5 x IULN without symptoms of pancreatitis at registration, within 28 days prior to registration
• Patients must not have symptomatic interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis
• Patients must have fully recovered from any adverse effects of major surgery (to =< grade 1) at least 14 days prior to registration
Procedure: Biospecimen Collection, Biological: Ipilimumab, Biological: Nivolumab
Chordoma, Mucinous Adenocarcinoma, Cervical Adenocarcinoma, Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor, Cholangiocarcinoma, Pancreatic Acinar Cell Carcinoma, Ovarian Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma, Lung Carcinoid Tumor, Acinar Cell Carcinoma, Adrenal Cortex Carcinoma, Adrenal Gland Pheochromocytoma, Anal Canal Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Anal Canal Undifferentiated Carcinoma, Appendix Mucinous Adenocarcinoma, Bladder Adenocarcinoma, Colorectal Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma, Esophageal Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Esophageal Undifferentiated Carcinoma, Extrahepatic Bile Duct Carcinoma, Fallopian Tube Adenocarcinoma, Fibromyxoid Tumor, Gastric Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Gastric Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Giant Cell Carcinoma, Intestinal Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma, Lung Sarcomatoid Carcinoma, Major Salivary Gland Carcinoma, Malignant Odontogenic Neoplasm, Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor, Malignant Testicular Sex Cord-Stromal Tumor, Mixed Mesodermal (Mullerian) Tumor, Mucinous Cystadenocarcinoma, Nasal Cavity Adenocarcinoma, Nasal Cavity Carcinoma, Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma, Nasopharyngeal Papillary Adenocarcinoma, Nasopharyngeal Undifferentiated Carcinoma, Oral Cavity Carcinoma, Oropharyngeal Undifferentiated Carcinoma, Ovarian Adenocarcinoma, Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor, Ovarian Mucinous Adenocarcinoma, Ovarian Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Paraganglioma, Paranasal Sinus Adenocarcinoma, Paranasal Sinus Carcinoma, Parathyroid Gland Carcinoma, Pituitary Gland Carcinoma, Placental Choriocarcinoma, Primary Peritoneal High Grade Serous Adenocarcinoma, Pseudomyxoma Peritonei, Scrotal Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Seminal Vesicle Adenocarcinoma, Seminoma, Serous Cystadenocarcinoma, Small Intestinal Adenocarcinoma, Small Intestinal Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Spindle Cell Neoplasm, Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Penis, Testicular Non-Seminomatous Germ Cell Tumor, Thyroid Gland Carcinoma, Tracheal Carcinoma, Transitional Cell Carcinoma, Ureter Adenocarcinoma, Ureter Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Urethral Adenocarcinoma, Urethral Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Vaginal Adenocarcinoma, Vaginal Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Not Otherwise Specified, PEComa, Fallopian Tube Transitional Cell Carcinoma, Ovarian Transitional Cell Carcinoma, Bartholin Gland Transitional Cell Carcinoma, Endometrial Transitional Cell Carcinoma, Minimally Invasive Lung Adenocarcinoma, Desmoid-Type Fibromatosis, Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma, Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor, Metaplastic Breast Carcinoma, Rare Disorder, Vulvar Carcinoma, Gastric Undifferentiated Carcinoma, Solid Neoplasm, Angiosarcoma, Apocrine Neoplasm, Basal Cell Carcinoma, Cervical Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma, Extramammary Paget Disease, Gallbladder Carcinoma, Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm of Unknown Primary, Peritoneal Mesothelioma, Teratoma With Somatic-type Malignancy
Cediranib Maleate and Olaparib or Standard Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Recurrent Platinum-Resistant or -Refractory Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer (COCOS)
This randomized phase II/III trial studies how well cediranib maleate and olaparib work when given together or separately, and compares them to standard chemotherapy in treating patients with ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer that has returned after receiving chemotherapy with drugs that contain platinum (platinum-resistant) or continued to grow while being treated with platinum-based chemotherapy drugs (platinum-refractory). Cediranib maleate and olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving cediranib maleate and olaparib together may cause more damage to cancer cells when compared to either drug alone or standard chemotherapy.
18 Years and over
Phase 2/Phase 3
• Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed ovarian cancer, peritoneal cancer or fallopian tube cancer and must have a histological diagnosis of either serous or endometrioid cancer based on local histopathological findings; both endometrioid and serous histology should be high-grade for eligibility of non-mutation carriers; patients with clear cell, mixed epithelial, undifferentiated carcinoma, or transitional cell carcinoma histologies are also eligible, provided that the patient has a known deleterious germline BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation identified through testing at a clinical laboratory
• Note: Due to the long acceptance of BRCA testing through Myriad, Myriad testing will be accepted; if testing for BRCA is done by other organizations, documentation from a qualified medical professional (e.g., ovarian cancer specialty physician involved in the field, high risk genetics physician, genetics counselor) listing the mutation and confirming that the laboratory results showed a recognized germ line deleterious BRCA 1 or BRCA 2 mutation or BRCA rearrangement is required; a copy of Myriad or other BRCA mutational analysis (positive or variants of unknown significance [VUS] or negative) reports will be requested but not required for study enrollment
• Patients should have recurrent platinum-resistant or- refractory disease
•defined as disease that has progressed by imaging while receiving platinum or had recurrence within 6 months of the last receipt of platinum-based chemotherapy; rising CA125 only is not considered as platinum-resistant or refractory disease
• Phase II study: measurable disease by RECIST 1.1 criteria; if archival tumor sample is not available tumor sample from fresh biopsy is acceptable
• Phase III study: evaluable disease
•defined as RECIST 1.1 measurable disease OR non-measurable disease (defined as solid and/or cystic abnormalities on radiographic imaging that do not meet RECIST 1.1 definitions for target lesions OR ascites and/or pleural effusion that has been pathologically demonstrated to be disease-related in the setting of a cancer antigen [CA]125 >= 2 x upper limit of normal [ULN])
• No more than 3 prior treatment regimens (including primary therapy; no more than 1 prior non-platinum based therapy in the platinum-resistant/-refractory setting); hormonal therapies used as single agents (i.e. tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitors) will not count towards this line limit
• Patients may not have had a prior anti-angiogenic agent in the recurrent setting; prior use of bevacizumab in the upfront or upfront maintenance setting is allowed
• Patients may not have previously received a PARP-inhibitor
• Patient must have provided study specific informed consent prior to study entry
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1 or 2
• Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
• Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
• Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL
• Total bilirubin within =< 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) institutional limits
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3 x institutional ULN; if intrahepatic liver metastases are present, AST and ALT must be =< 5 times institutional ULN
• Creatinine =< 1.5 x the institutional ULN
• Urine protein: creatinine ratio urine protein creatinine (UPC) of =< 1 OR less than or equal to 2+ proteinuria on two consecutive dipsticks taken no less than 1 week apart; UPC is the preferred test; patients with 2+ proteinuria on dipstick must also have a 24-hour urine collection demonstrating protein of =< 500 mg over 24 hours
• Toxicities of prior therapy (excepting alopecia) should be resolved to less than or equal to grade 1 as per CTCAE; patients with long-standing stable grade 2 neuropathy may be considered after discussion with the study chair.
• Adequately controlled blood pressure (systolic blood pressure [SBP] =< 140; diastolic blood pressure [DBP] =< 90 mmHg) on maximum of three antihypertensive medications; patients must have a BP of =< 140/90 mmHg taken in the clinic setting by a medical professional within 2 weeks prior to starting study; it is strongly recommended that patients who are on three antihypertensive medications be followed by a cardiologist or a primary care physician for management of BP while on protocol; patients must be willing and able to check and record daily blood pressure readings; blood pressure cuffs will be provided to patients randomized to cediranib alone and the combination of olaparib and cediranib arms.
• Adequately controlled thyroid function, with no symptoms of thyroid dysfunction and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) within normal limits
• Able to swallow and retain oral medications and without gastrointestinal (GI) illnesses that would preclude absorption of cediranib or olaparib
• Cediranib has been shown to terminate fetal development in the rat, as expected for a process dependent on VEGF signaling; for this reason, women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to study entry; women of child-bearing potential must agree to use two reliable forms of contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 6 weeks after cediranib discontinuation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
• Olaparib adversely affects embryofetal survival and development in the rat; for this reason, women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to study entry; women of child-bearing potential must agree to use must agree to use two reliable forms of contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 3 months after the last dose of olaparib; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
• Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) of starting treatment or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier; patients may not have had hormonal therapy within 2 weeks prior to entering the study; patients receiving raloxifene for bone health as per Food and Drug Administration (FDA) indication may remain on raloxifene absent other drug interactions
• Any other investigational agents within the past 4 weeks
• Prior treatment affecting the VEGF/VEGFR pathway or the angiopoietin pathway in the recurrent setting, including but not limited to thalidomide, bevacizumab, sunitinib, sorafenib, pazopanib, cediranib, nintedanib, and trebananib; bevacizumab used in the upfront setting in conjunction with chemotherapy and/or as maintenance to treat newly diagnosed disease will be allowed
• Prior use of PARP-inhibitors
• CA-125 only disease without Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 measurable or otherwise evaluable disease
• Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to starting cediranib
• Current signs and/or symptoms of bowel obstruction or signs and/or symptoms of bowel obstruction within 3 months prior to starting study drugs
• History of intra-abdominal abscess within the past 3 months
• History of gastrointestinal perforation; patients with a history of abdominal fistula will be considered eligible if the fistula was surgically repaired or has healed, there has been no evidence of fistula for at least 6 months, and patient is deemed to be at low risk of recurrent fistula
• Dependency on IV hydration or total parenteral nutrition (TPN)
• Any concomitant or prior invasive malignancies with the following curatively treated exceptions:
• Treated limited stage basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
• Carcinoma in situ of the breast or cervix
• Primary endometrial cancer meeting the following conditions: stage not greater than IA, grade 1 or 2, no more than superficial myometrial invasion, without vascular or lymphatic invasion; no poorly differentiated subtypes, including papillary serous/serous, clear cell, or other Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) grade 3 lesions
• Prior cancer treated with a curative intent with no evidence of recurrent disease 5 years following diagnosis and judged by the investigator to be at low risk of recurrence
• Patients with untreated brain metastases, spinal cord compression, or evidence of symptomatic brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease as noted on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans should not be included on this study, since neurologic dysfunction may confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events; patients with treated brain metastases and resolution of any associated symptoms must demonstrate stable post-therapeutic imaging for at least 6 months following therapy prior to starting study drug
• Patients with any of the following:
• History of myocardial infarction within six months
• Unstable angina
• Resting electrocardiogram (ECG) with clinically significant abnormal findings
• New York Heart Association functional classification of III or IV
• If cardiac function assessment is clinically indicated or performed: left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than normal per institutional guidelines, or < 55%, if threshold for normal not otherwise specified by institutional guidelines
• Patients with the following risk factors should have a baseline cardiac function assessment:
• Prior treatment with anthracyclines
• Prior treatment with trastuzumab
• Prior central thoracic radiation therapy (RT), including RT to the heart
• History of myocardial infarction within 6 to 12 months (Patients with history of myocardial infarction within 6 months are excluded from the study)
• Prior history of impaired cardiac function
• History of stroke or transient ischemic attack within six months
• Clinical significant peripheral vascular disease or vascular disease (aortic aneurysm or aortic dissection)
• Evidence of coagulopathy or bleeding diathesis; therapeutic anticoagulation for prior thromboembolic events is permitted
• Evidence suggestive of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) on peripheral blood smear or bone marrow biopsy, if clinically indicated
• No prior allogeneic bone marrow transplant or double umbilical cord blood transplantation (dUBCT)
• Patients may not use any complementary or alternative medicines including natural herbal products or folk remedies as they may interfere with the effectiveness of the study treatments
• Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia (other than atrial fibrillation with controlled ventricular rate), or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
• Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with cediranib or olaparib; in addition, these individuals are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy
• Participants receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4 are ineligible
• Strong inhibitors and inducers of UGT/PgP should be used with caution
• Pregnant women are excluded from this study because cediranib and olaparib are agents with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk of adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with cediranib and olaparib, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with cediranib or olaparib; these potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study
Drug: Cediranib, Drug: Cediranib Maleate, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Drug: Olaparib, Drug: Paclitaxel, Drug: Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin Hydrochloride, Other: Questionnaire Administration, Drug: Topotecan, Drug: Topotecan Hydrochloride
Fallopian Tube Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma, Fallopian Tube Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma, Fallopian Tube Serous Adenocarcinoma, Ovarian Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma, Ovarian Seromucinous Carcinoma, Ovarian Serous Adenocarcinoma, Primary Peritoneal Serous Adenocarcinoma, Recurrent Fallopian Tube Carcinoma, Recurrent Ovarian Carcinoma, Recurrent Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma, Ovarian Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma, Deleterious BRCA1 Gene Mutation, Deleterious BRCA2 Gene Mutation, Fallopian Tube Transitional Cell Carcinoma, Ovarian Transitional Cell Carcinoma, Fallopian Tube Undifferentiated Carcinoma, Ovarian Undifferentiated Carcinoma
Studying the Physical Function and Quality of Life Before and After Surgery in Patients With Stage I Cervical Cancer
This clinical trial studies the physical function and quality-of-life before and after surgery in patients with stage I cervical cancer. Studying quality-of-life in patients undergoing surgery for cervical cancer may help determine the intermediate-term and long-term effects of surgery.
18 Years and over
• Patient must consent for the appropriate surgery
• Patients with a histologic diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, or adenosquamous cell carcinoma of the cervix, stage IA1 (lymph-vascular space invasion [LVSI]+), IA2, and IB1 (tumor size [maximum visible or palpable]) =< 2 cm), any grade
• All patients must have undergone a cone biopsy or loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP); depth of invasion must be =< 10 mm
• Patients must have no evidence of metastasis on positron emission tomography (PET) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan of the pelvis and chest imaging
• Patients who have met the pre-entry requirements
• Patients must have signed an approved informed consent and authorization permitting release of personal health information
• Patient must have Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2
• Patients with stage IA1 disease who are LVSI negative
• Patients with stage IB1 with tumor size (maximum visible or palpable) > 2 cm
• Patients with >= stage IB2 disease
• Patients with clear cell or neuroendocrine cell types
• Patients with depth of invasion > 10 mm on first cone biopsy (or LEEP)
• Patients with a history of other invasive malignancies, with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer, are excluded if there is any evidence of other malignancy being present within the last five years; patients are also excluded if their previous cancer treatment contraindicates this protocol therapy
Procedure: Conization, Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Other: Questionnaire Administration, Procedure: Therapeutic Conventional Surgery, Procedure: Therapeutic Lymphadenectomy
Lymphedema, Cervical Adenocarcinoma, Cervical Adenosquamous Carcinoma, Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Not Otherwise Specified, Sexual Dysfunction and Infertility, Stage IA1 Cervical Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IA2 Cervical Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IB1 Cervical Cancer AJCC v6 and v7
Phase 1/2a Evaluation of Adding AL3818 to Standard Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in Subjects With Recurrent or Metastatic Endometrial, Ovarian, Fallopian, Primary Peritoneal or Cervical Carcinoma (AL3818-US-002) (AL3818)
This trial is a Phase 1b/2a trial designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of adding oral AL3818 to standard platinum-based chemotherapy concurrently and continued as a maintenance therapy for up to 12 months.
18 Years and over
Phase 1/Phase 2
• Female ≥ 18 years
• Previously histologically proven diagnosis of a. Endometrial Cancer: recurrent or persistent endometrial carcinoma refractory to conventional therapy or established treatments with the following histologic epithelial cell types i. Endometrioid adenocarcinoma, serous adenocarcinoma, undifferentiated carcinoma, clear cell adenocarcinoma, mixed epithelial carcinoma, adenocarcinoma not otherwise specified, mucinous adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and transitional cell carcinoma b. Ovarian Cancer: recurrent or persistent ovarian or primary peritoneal cancer refractory to established treatments with the following histologic epithelial cell types i. Endometrioid adenocarcinoma, serous adenocarcinoma, undifferentiated carcinoma, clear cell adenocarcinoma, mixed epithelial carcinoma, adenocarcinoma not otherwise specified. c. Cervical cancer: squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix refractory to conventional therapy or established treatments with the following histologic epithelial cell types: i. Squamous cell carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma or adenocarcinoma Measurable disease defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest dimension to be recorded). Each lesion must be ≥ 20mm when measured by conventional techniques, including palpation, plain x-ray, CT, and MRI or ≥ 10mm when measured by spiral CT.
• Life expectancy ≥ 3 months
• Able to take orally administered study medication
• Must sign approved informed consent and authorization permitting release of personal health information.
• Patient must have adequate: 1. Bone marrow function: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/mm^3, equivalent to Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) grade 1, platelets ≥ 100,000/mm^3 2. Renal function: creatinine ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit normal (ULN), CTC grade 1. Note: If creatinine is > 1.5 x ULN, creatinine clearance must be > 50 mL/min. 3. Hepatic function: bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (CTC grade 1) or ≤ 3.0 x ULN for subjects with Gilbert Syndrome; AST and ALT ≤ 3.0 ×ULN. 4. Coagulation profile: PT such that international normalized ratio (INR) is ≤ 1.55 (or an in-range INR, usually between 2 and 3, if a patient is on a stable dose of therapeutic warfarin or low molecular weight heparin) and a PTT < 1.2 times control. 5. ECOG performance ≤ 2
• Patient of child-bearing potential must agree to use contraceptive measures starting 1 week before the administration of the first dose of AL3818 until 4 weeks after discontinuing study drug and have a negative serum pregnancy test prior to study entry and cannot be lactating.
• Ability and willingness to comply with the study protocol for the duration of the study and with follow-up procedures.
• Patients with serious, non-healing wound, ulcer or bone fracture.
• Patients with active bleeding or pathologic conditions that carry high risk of bleeding, such as known bleeding disorder, coagulopathy, or tumor involving major vessels.
• Patient with history or evidence upon physical examination of CNS disease, including primary brain tumor, seizures not controlled with standard medical therapy, any brain metastases or history of cerebrovascular accident (CVA, stroke) transient ischemic attack (TIA) or subarachnoid hemorrhage within 6 months of the first date of treatment on this study. a. Patients with metastatic CNS tumors may participate in this trial, if the patient is > 4 weeks from therapy completion (including radiation and/or surgery), is clinically stable at the time of study entry and is not receiving corticosteroid therapy.
• Patients with proteinuria: patients discovered to have a urine protein of 1+ on dipstick or ≥ 30 mg/dl at baseline should undergo a 24-hour urine collection, which must be an adequate collection and must demonstrate < 1000 mg protein/24 hours to allow participation in the study.
• Patients with clinically significant cardiovascular disease including uncontrolled hypertension, myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months prior to registration. New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure, Serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication, Grade II or greater peripheral vascular disease.
• Patients who are pregnant or nursing.
• Women of childbearing potential who are unable to use contraceptive measures during study therapy and for at least 3 months after completion of AL3818 therapy.
• Patients with uncontrolled hypokalemia, hypomagnesaemia, and/or hypocalcaemia.
• Hemoptysis within 3 months prior to first scheduled dose of AL3818.
• Patients with acute or chronic liver disease, active hepatitis A or B with known cirrhosis or liver dysfunction.
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks in cases of mitomycin C, nitrosourea, lomustine) prior to first scheduled dose of AL3818 or a major surgical procedure within 28 days or minor surgical procedure performed within 7 days prior to first scheduled dose of AL3818.
• Concomitant treatment with strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4, CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 who cannot be switched to other alternative medications .
• Known history of human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV).
• Subjects with active bacterial infections (other than uncomplicated urinary tract infection) and/or receiving systemic antibiotics.
• Patients with other invasive malignancies, with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer, who had (or have) any evidence of other cancer present within the last 5 years or whose previous cancer treatment contraindicates this protocol therapy.
• History of non-malignant GI bleeding, gastric stress ulcerations, or peptic ulcer disease within the past 3-months that in the opinion of the investigator may place the patient at risk of side effects on an anti-angiogenesis product.
• History of significant vascular disease (e.g. aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection).
• Intra-abdominal abscess within the last 3 months.
• Pre-existing uncontrolled hypertension as documented by 2 baseline BP readings taken at least one hour apart, defined as systolic bloodpressure (BP) >160 mm Hg or diastolic BP > 90 mm Hg pressure.
• QTcF>470 msec on screening ECG.
• A history of additional risk factors for TdP (e.g., heart failure, hypokalemia, family history of Long QT Syndrome).
• The use of concomitant medications that prolong the QT/QTc interval. Baseline echocardiogram (within 2 months) with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50%.
• History of difficulty swallowing, malabsorption, active partial or complete bowel obstruction, or other chronic gastrointestinal disease or condition that may hamper compliance and/or absorption of AL3818.
• History of pancreatitis and/or renal disease or pancreatitis that includes histologically confirmed glomerulonephritis, biopsy proven tubulointerstitial nephritis, crystal nephropathy, or other renal insufficiencies.
• Treatment with an investigational agent within the longest time frame of either 5 half- lives or 30 days of initiating study drug.
• Known recreational substance abuse.
• Known hypersensitivity to AL3818 or components of the formulation.
Drug: AL3818, Drug: Carboplatin, Drug: Paclitaxel
Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma, Endometrial Carcinoma, Cervical Carcinoma, Ovarian Carcinoma, Fallopian Tube Carcinoma
Dual receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor, Anti-angiogenic therapy, Combination Therapy
A Clinical Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Elagolix in Participants With Moderate to Severe Endometriosis-Associated Pain
The objective of this study is to evaluate safety and efficacy of elagolix in the management of moderate to severe endometriosis-associated pain in adult premenopausal female subjects including the safety and efficacy of elagolix in combination with concomitant hormonal add-back therapy.
18 Years to 49 Years old
• Participant is a premenopausal female 18 to 49 years of age (inclusive) at the time of Screening.
• Participant has a documented surgical diagnosis (e.g., laparoscopy or laparotomy) of endometriosis established by visualization within 10 years prior to entry into Washout or Screening.
• Participant must agree to use only protocol specified rescue analgesics during the Screening and Treatment Periods for endometriosis-associated pain.
• Participant must have the following documented in the e-Diary during the last 35 days prior to Study Day 1: 1. At least 2 days of "moderate" or "severe" Dysmenorrhea (DYS) AND either 2. At least 2 days of "moderate" or "severe" Non-menstrual pelvic pain (NMPP) and an average NMPP score of at least 1.0, OR 3. At least 4 days of "moderate" or "severe" NMPP and an average NMPP score of at least 0.5.
• Participant has chronic pelvic pain that is not caused by endometriosis, that requires chronic analgesic therapy, which would interfere with the assessment of endometriosis-related pain.
• Participant is using any systemic corticosteroids for over 14 days within 3 months prior to Screening or is likely to require treatment with systemic corticosteroids during the course of the study. Over-the-counter and prescription topical, inhaled or intranasal corticosteroids are allowed.
• Participant has a history of any major depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) within 2 years of the screening visit or other major psychiatric disorder at any time.
• Participant has a history of suicide attempts or answered "yes" to questions 4 or 5 on the suicidal ideation portion of the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) within the last 1 year at Screening or prior to randomization on Day 1.
• Participant has any history of osteoporosis or other metabolic bone disease or any condition that would interfere with obtaining adequate Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) measurements
• Screening DXA results of the lumbar spine (L1-L4), femoral neck or total hip Bone Mineral Density (BMD) corresponding to less than 2.0 or more standard deviations below normal.
• Participant has either: 1. a newly diagnosed, clinically significant medical condition that requires therapeutic intervention (e.g., new onset hypertension), that has not been stabilized 30 days prior to randomization on Day 1 OR 2. a clinically significant medical condition that is anticipated to require intervention during the course of study participation (e.g., anticipated major elective surgery) OR 3. an unstable medical condition that makes the subject an unsuitable candidate for the study in the opinion of the Investigator, (including, but not limited to, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, uncontrolled hypertension, epilepsy requiring anti-epileptic medication, unstable angina, confirmed inflammatory bowel disease, hyperprolactinemia, clinically significant infection or injury).
• Participant has any conditions contraindicated with use of E2/NETA.
Drug: Estradiol/Norethindrone Acetate, Other: Placebo for Elagolix, Drug: Elagolix, Other: Placebo for E2/NETA
Elagolix, Endometriosis associated pain, Dysmenorrhea (DYS), Non-menstrual pelvic pain (NMPP)
Investigation to Minimize Prolapse Recurrence of the Vagina Using Estrogen (IMPROVE)
This study randomizes postmenopausal women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse planning native tissue transvaginal surgical repair to 6-8 weeks of preoperative and 1-year continued postoperative vaginal estrogen cream compared to placebo cream. This clinical trial and basic science investigation are designed to understand the mechanisms by which local estrogen treatment affects connective tissues of the pelvic floor and determine whether its use before and after prolapse repair will (i) improve success rates of the surgical intervention and minimize prolapse recurrence and (ii) impact favorably upon symptoms of other pelvic floor disorders.
48 Years and over
• Postmenopausal: no menses for >1 year
• Minimum age: 48 years
• Symptomatic apical and/or anterior vaginal wall prolapse, stage 2 or greater
• No estrogen replacement within the last month (may come off current treatment, i.e. wash out, to join the study)
• Medically fit for elective surgery
• Physically able to apply/insert the study drug
• Available for clinic follow-up for minimum 1yr
• Concurrent use of steroid creams for other indications (e.g. lichen sclerosis)
• BMI >35 kg/m2
• Recent history (within last month) of vaginal infection or vaginitis
• Contraindications to estrogen therapy (e.g. spontaneous DVT, stroke, breast or endometrial/ hormone-responsive cancer, genital bleeding of unknown cause)
• History of connective tissue disease
• Any oral or transdermal estrogen, SERM, or other medication impacting vaginal milieu
• History of vaginal irradiation
• Allergy to Premarin or its constituents
• Prior apical repair or use of mesh for prolapse repair
• Current tobacco use
Drug: Conjugated Estrogens Cream, Drug: Placebo Cream
Pelvic Organ Prolapse, Urogenital Prolapse, Vaginal Vault Prolapse, Cystocele, Uterine Prolapse, Vaginal Prolapse, Pelvic Floor Disorders
Pelvic Organ Prolapse, Pelvic Floor Disorders, Therapy, Estrogen Replacement, Estrogens, Conjugated
Radiation Therapy With or Without Chemotherapy in Patients With Stage I-IIA Cervical Cancer Who Previously Underwent Surgery
This randomized phase III trial studies radiation therapy with chemotherapy to see how well they work compared to radiation therapy alone in treating patients with stage I-IIA cervical cancer who previously underwent surgery. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving radiation therapy together with chemotherapy is more effective than radiation therapy alone in treating patients with cervical cancer.
18 Years and over
• Pathologically proven primary cervical cancer I-IIA with squamous cell carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma or adenocarcinoma initially treated with a standard radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy
• Patients with the following characteristics (depth of stromal invasion and lymphovascular space involvement to be pathologically confirmed):
• Positive capillary-lymphovascular space involvement and one of the following:
• Deep third penetration
• Middle third penetration, clinical tumor >= 2 cm
• Superficial third penetration, clinical tumor >= 5 cm
• Negative capillary-lymphatic space involvement
• Middle or deep third penetration, clinical tumor >= 4 cm
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcl
• Platelets >= 100,000/mcl
• Creatinine =< upper limit of normal (ULN) or calculated creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min
• Bilirubin =< 1.5 x normal
• Alkaline phosphate =< 3 x normal
• Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) =< 3 x normal
• Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) performance status 0, 1, 2
• Patients should not be randomized less than 3 weeks post-surgery but will not be acceptable for randomization more than 8 weeks post-surgery
• Patients who have met the pre-entry requirements
• Patients must have signed an approved informed consent and authorization permitting release of personal health information
• Patients with tumor in the parametria, pelvic lymph nodes or any other extra uterine site or with positive surgical margins
• Patients with septicemia or severe infection
• Patients with intestinal obstruction or gastrointestinal bleeding
• Patients with postoperative fistula
• Patients with cervix cancer who have received any previous radiation or chemotherapy
• Patients whose circumstances do not permit completion of the study or the required follow-up
• Patients with renal abnormalities requiring modification of radiation field (pelvic kidney, renal transplant, etc.)
• Patients with GOG performance status of 3 or 4
• Patients with a history of other invasive malignancies, with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer, are excluded if there is any evidence of other malignancy being present within the last five years; patients are also excluded if their previous cancer treatment contraindicates this protocol therapy
Drug: Cisplatin, Radiation: External Beam Radiation Therapy, Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Other: Questionnaire Administration
Cervical Adenocarcinoma, Cervical Adenosquamous Carcinoma, Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Not Otherwise Specified, Stage IIA Cervical Cancer AJCC v7, Stage I Cervical Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IA Cervical Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IB Cervical Cancer AJCC v6 and v7
Nifedipine for Acute Tocolysis of Preterm Labor (Nifedipine)
The purpose of this study is to determine if nifedipine treatment of women in preterm labor receiving corticosteroids results in postponement of delivery when compared to placebo.
16 Years to 44 Years old
• Between 16 and 44 years of age inclusive
• Singleton pregnancy
• Intact membranes
• Between 28-0/7 weeks and 33-6/7 weeks' gestation inclusive
• Reported or documented uterine activity
• Cervical dilation between 2 cm and 4 cm inclusive
• Multifetal gestation
• Less than 28 weeks' gestation
• 34 or more weeks' gestation
• Ruptured membranes
• More than 4 cm dilated
• Previously received a course of corticosteroids for fetal lung maturation
• Fetal growth restriction
• Chorioamnionitis or temperature of at least 38.0 degrees Celsius
• Fetal death
• Suspected placental abruption or placenta previa
• Lethal fetal malformation or amniotic fluid index at least 35
• Systolic BP < 90 mmHg or diastolic BP < 50 mmHg
• Baseline tachycardia (pulse >120 after 2 consecutive measurements 30 minutes apart)
• Chronic hypertension treated with antihypertensives in pregnancy
• Seizure disorder or HIV
• Maternal allergy to nifedipine
• Known maternal cardiac disease
• Women who have received progesterone therapy in the second or third trimester for prevention of preterm birth
Drug: Nifedipine, Drug: Placebo, Other: Usual care
A Phase II Study Comparing The Efficacy Of Venetoclax + Fulvestrant Vs. Fulvestrant In Women With Estrogen Receptor-Positive, Her2-Negative Locally Advanced Or Metastatic Breast Cancer Who Experienced Disease Recurrence Or Progression During Or After CDK4/6 Inhibitor Therapy
This is a Phase II, multicenter, open-label, randomized study to compare the efficacy of venetoclax in combination with fulvestrant compared with fulvestrant alone in women with ER+, HER2-negative, inoperable, locally advanced or MBC who experienced disease recurrence or progression during or after treatment with CDK4/6i therapy for at least 8 weeks.
18 Years and over
• Histological or cytological confirmation of estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) invasive carcinoma of the breast. ER+, HER2- negative invasive carcinoma of the breast with evaluable sample for BCL-2 IHC value at the time of screening. Participants who were originally diagnosed with HER2-positive breast cancer that converted to HER2-negative MBC are not eligible.
• Evidence of metastatic or locally advanced disease not amenable to surgical or local therapy with curative intent
• Be postmenopausal or pre- or perimenopausal women amenable to being treated with the luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist goserelin
• Participants must not have received more than two prior lines of hormonal therapy in the locally advanced or metastatic setting. In addition, at least one line of treatment must be a CDK4/6i AND participants must have experienced disease recurrence or progression during or after CDK4/6i therapy, which must have been administered for a minimum of 8 weeks prior to progression.
• Participants for whom endocrine therapy (e.g., fulvestrant) is recommended and treatment with cytotoxic chemotherapy is not indicated at the time of entry into the study, as per national or local treatment guidelines
• Women of childbearing potential (i.e., not postmenopausal for at least 12 months or surgically sterile) must have a negative serum pregnancy test result at screening, within 14 days prior to the first study drug administration
• For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use non-hormonal contraceptive methods with a failure rate of <1% per year during the treatment period and for 28 days after the last dose of study drug. Women must refrain from donating eggs during this same period.
• Willing to provide tumor biopsy sample
• Have at least one measurable lesion via RECIST v1.1
• Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Score of 0-1
• Have adequate organ and marrow function
• Have a life expectancy > 3 months
• To full fill the coagulation requirements for patient with or without therapeutic anticoagulation Exclusion criteria:
• Prior treatment with fulvestrant or other selective estrogen receptor degraders (SERDs), venetoclax, or any agent whose mechanism of action is to inhibit BCL-2
• Pregnant, lactating, or intending to become pregnant during the study
• Known untreated or active Central Nervous System (CNS) metastases (progressing or requiring anticonvulsants or corticosteroids for symptomatic control
• Prior chemotherapy in the locally advanced or metastatic setting regardless of the duration of the treatment.
• Any anti-cancer therapy received within 21 days of the first dose of study drug, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy, antineoplastic vaccines, or other investigational therapy. (Radiotherapy with palliative intent to non-target sites is allowed).
• Concurrent radiotherapy to any site or prior radiotherapy within 21 days of Cycle 1 Day 1 or previous radiotherapy to the target lesion sites (the sites that are to be followed for determination of a response) or prior radiotherapy to > 25% of bone marrow
• Current severe, uncontrolled, systemic disease (e.g., clinically significant cardiovascular, pulmonary, metabolic or infectious disease
• Any major surgery within 28 days of the first dose of study drug or anticipation of the need for major surgery during the course of study treatment
• Consumption of one or more of the following within 3 days prior to the first dose of study drug: Grapefruit or grapefruit products; Seville oranges including marmalade containing Seville oranges; Star fruit (carambola)
• Administration within 7 days prior first dose of study treatment of Steroid therapy for anti-neoplastic intent, Strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitors or Strong or moderate CYP3A inducers
• Need for current chronic corticosteroid therapy (> 10 mg of prednisone per day or an equivalent dose of other anti-inflammatory corticosteroids)
• Known infection with (human immunodeficiency virus) HIV or human T-cell leukemia virus 1
• Known active bacterial, viral, fungal, mycobacterial, parasitic, or other infection (excluding fungal infections of nail beds) at study enrollment, or any major episode of infection requiring treatment with IV antibiotics or hospitalization (relating to the completion of the course of antibiotics) within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1 Day).
• Participants who are positive for HCV antibody must be negative for HCV by PCR to be eligible for study participation. Participants with a past or resolved hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (defined as having a positive total HBcAb and negative hepatitis B surface antigen [HbsAg]) may be included if HBV DNA is undetectable. These participants must be willing to undergo monthly DNA testing
• Positive test results for hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody at screening
• Active HCV infection, defined as having a positive HCV antibody test at screening
• History of other malignancies within the past 5 years except for treated skin basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, non-malignant melanoma <= 1.0 mm without ulceration, localized thyroid cancer, or cervical carcinoma in-situ
• Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment or anticipation of need for such a vaccine during the study
• Cardiopulmonary dysfunction
• Other medical or psychiatric conditions that, in the opinion of the investigatory, may interfere with the participant's participation in the study
• Inability or unwillingness to swallow pills or receive intramuscular (IM) injections
• History of malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with enteral absorption
• History of inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis) or active bowel inflammation (e.g., diverticulitis)
• Concurrent hormone replacement therapy
• Inability to comply with study and follow-up procedures
• History or active cardiopulmonary dysfunction
• Known hypersensitivity to any of the study medications (fulvestrant, venetoclax) or to any of the excipients.
Drug: Venetoclax, Drug: Fulvestrant
Estrogen Receptor-positive (ER+)/Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (HER2)-Negative Locally Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer
A Randomized Trial of Induction Versus Expectant Management (ARRIVE)
A randomized clinical trial to assess whether elective induction of labor at 39 weeks of gestation compared with expectant management will improve outcomes.
Inclusion Criteria:1. Nulliparous
•no previous pregnancy beyond 20 weeks 2. Singleton gestation. Twin gestation reduced to singleton, either spontaneously or therapeutically, is not eligible unless the reduction occurred before 14 weeks project gestational age. 3. Gestational age at randomization between 38 weeks 0 days and 38 weeks 6 days inclusive based on clinical information and evaluation of the earliest ultrasound.
Exclusion Criteria:1. Project gestational age at date of first ultrasound is > 20 weeks 6 days 2. Plan for induction of labor prior to 40 weeks 5 days 3. Plan for cesarean delivery or contraindication to labor 4. Breech presentation 5. Signs of labor (regular painful contractions with cervical change) 6. Fetal demise or known major fetal anomaly 7. Heparin or low-molecular weight heparin during the current pregnancy 8. Placenta previa, accreta, vasa previa 9. Active vaginal bleeding greater than bloody show 10. Ruptured membranes 11. Cerclage in current pregnancy 12. Known oligohydramnios, defined as AFI < 5 or MVP < 2 13. Fetal growth restriction, defined as EFW < 10th percentile 14. Known HIV positivity because of modified delivery plan 15. Major maternal medical illness associated with increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcome (for example, any diabetes mellitus, lupus, any hypertensive disorder, cardiac disease, renal insufficiency) 16. Refusal of blood products 17. Participation in another interventional study that influences management of labor at delivery or perinatal morbidity or mortality 18. Delivery planned elsewhere at a non-Network site
Procedure: Elective Induction of Labor
Labor and Delivery
Induction of labor, Expectant management of labor, 39 weeks gestation
FES PET/CT in Predicting Response in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Metastatic Breast Cancer Receiving Endocrine Therapy
This phase II trial studies F-18 16 alpha-fluoroestradiol (FES) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in predicting response to endocrine therapy in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. FES is a radioactive form of the hormone estrogen and may "light up" where cancer is in the body. Diagnostic procedures using FES, such as FES PET/CT, may help measure the FES and help doctors predict how well the cancer will respond to treatment.
18 Years and over
• Capable and willing to provide informed consent
• Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding. All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 7 days prior to FES PET/CT scan and [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET/CT scan to rule out pregnancy; a female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria:
• Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or
• Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
• Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must use an accepted and effective method of contraception or to abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study
• Patient is a postmenopausal woman, man, or premenopausal woman for whom standard endocrine therapy alone (tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitor [AI], with or without ovarian suppression or fulvestrant) is planned after FES-PET/CT is completed
• Medically stable as judged by patient's physician
• Life expectancy must be estimated by patient's physician at > 6 months
• Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-3 (restricted to ECOG performance status [PS] 0-2 if age > 70 years)
• Patient must NOT have a history of allergic reaction attributable to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to 18F-FES
• Patient must NOT be in liver failure as judged by the patient's physician
• Histologically confirmed metastatic breast cancer
• Primary tumor and/or metastatic site must be ER+ and may be progesterone-receptor positive (PgR+) or progesterone-receptor negative (PgR-) by IHC; patients with a history of an estrogen-receptor negative (ER-) primary tumor and a documented ER+ metastatic site are eligible
• The pathology report and either (1) tissue (blocks or an unstained slides) or (2) a photomicrograph of the ER IHC slides from at least one site of metastatic disease and/or from primary breast cancer must be available for central review and analysis
• NOTE: if photomicrographs are submitted, the submission of hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), PR and Ki67 IHC's, if performed, are also to be submitted
• Patient must NOT have human epidermal growth factor-2 positive (HER2+) metastatic disease
• Patient must NOT be planning to receive molecular targeted therapy (such as everolimus or palbociclib) nor HER2 directed therapy in addition to endocrine therapy
• Patient must NOT have received prior endocrine therapy for metastatic disease (i.e., must be first-line endocrine therapy for metastatic disease)
• Patient is not now, and never has received adjuvant endocrine therapy OR patient is currently receiving or has received adjuvant endocrine therapy in the past, AND adjuvant endocrine therapy was initiated > 2 years prior to diagnosis of metastatic disease
• Note: patients who developed metastatic disease while still receiving adjuvant endocrine therapy must have a planned change in the type of endocrine agent used for subsequent metastatic disease treatment; patient is not receiving blocking adjuvant therapy (such as toremifene or tamoxifen) OR patient is receiving blocking adjuvant therapy, but will stop this therapy a minimum of 60 days prior to FES-PET/CT while still complying with the study timeline
• Patient must NOT have a history of > 1 line of administered chemotherapy for metastatic disease and must be off chemotherapy for a minimum of 2 weeks; prior chemotherapy in the adjuvant setting is allowed
• Disease may be measurable (by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] 1.1 criteria) or non-measurable but must be present in at least one non-liver site, where presence is defined as 1.5 cm or greater and visualized on PET/CT with [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG); patients with effusion only disease or disease only in the liver are not eligible for the study
• Patient must be able to lie still for a 20-30 minute PET/CT scan
• Patient must NOT weigh more than the maximum weight limit for the table for the PET/CT scanner at the institution where the study is being performed
• The patient is participating in the trial at an institution which has agreed to perform the imaging research studies, completed the ECOG-American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN) defined scanner qualification procedures and received ECOG-ACRIN (or current ACRIN) approval
Procedure: Computed Tomography, Drug: F-18 16 Alpha-Fluoroestradiol, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Procedure: Positron Emission Tomography
HER2/Neu Negative, Estrogen Receptor Positive, Progesterone Receptor Negative, Progesterone Receptor Positive, Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7
Impact of Liraglutide 3.0 on Body Fat Distribution
This study is a clinical study to investigate the efficacy of liraglutide compared to placebo in reducing visceral adiposity measured by MRI in overweight or obese subjects at high risk for cardiovascular disease after 40 weeks on-treatment.
35 Years and over
• Age ≥ 35 years
• Able to provide informed consent
• BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 or ≥ 27 kg/m2 with metabolic syndrome
• Metabolic syndrome is defined as at least three of the following:3 1. waist circumference > 102 cm (40 in) in men and 88 cm (35 in) in women 2. triglycerides > 150 mg/dL or on treatment for hypertriglyceridemia 3. HDL cholesterol < 40 mg/dL in men and < 50 mg/dL in women 4. blood pressure > 130/85 mmHg or on treatment for hypertension 5. fasting glucose > 100 mg/dL
• Treatment with GLP-1 receptor agonists (including liraglutide, exenatide or others as they become available), DPP-4 inhibitors or insulin within the last 3 months.
• Receipt of any anti-obesity drug or supplement within 1 month prior to screening for this trial.
• Self-reported or clinically documented history of significant fluctuations (>5% change) in weight within 3 months prior to screening for this trial.
• History of diabetes mellitus (type 1 or 2) or on treatment with anti-diabetes medication.
• History of chronic pancreatitis or idiopathic acute pancreatitis (current or prior history).
• History of gallbladder disease (cholelithiasis or cholecystitis).
• Chronic kidney disease stage III or greater (eGFR<60 mL/min).
• Obesity induced by other endocrinologic disorders (e.g. Cushing Syndrome).
• Current or history of treatment with medications that may cause significant weight gain, within 1 month prior to screening for this trial, including systemic corticosteroids (except for a short course of treatment, i.e., 7- 10 days), tri-cyclic antidepressants, atypical antipsychotic and mood stabilizers (e.g., imipramine, amitryptiline, mirtazapine, paroxetine, phenelzine, clorpromazine, thioridazine, clozapine, olanzapine, valproic acid and its derivatives, and lithium).
• Diet attempts using herbal supplements or over-the-counter medications within 1 month prior to screening for this trial.
• Current participation in an organized weight reduction program or within the last 1 month prior to screening for this trial.
• Participation in a clinical trial within the last 3 months prior to screening for this trial.
• Familial or personal history of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 or familial medullary thyroid carcinoma.
• Personal history of non-familial medullary thyroid carcinoma.
• History of Major Depressive Disorder within the last 2 years.
• History of other severe psychiatric disorders, e.g., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder.
• Any lifetime history of a suicide attempt.
• A history of any suicidal behavior in the last month prior to randomization.
• Surgery scheduled for the trial duration period, except for minor surgical procedures, at the discretion of the Investigator.
• Known or suspected hypersensitivity to trial product(s) or related product(s).
• Known or suspected abuse of alcohol or narcotics.
• Language barrier, mental incapacity, unwillingness or inability to understand.
• Females of childbearing potential who are pregnant, breast-feeding or intend to become pregnant or are not using adequate contraceptive methods. These include abstinence and the following methods: diaphragm with spermacide, condom with spermacide (by male partner), intrauterine device, sponge, spermacide, Norplant®, Depo-Provera® or oral contraceptives.
Drug: Liraglutide, Drug: Placebo
Cardiovascular Diseases, Obesity, Visceral, Fat Disorder
Obesity, Visceral, Cardiovascular Disease, Fat
Treatment of Mild Gestational Diabetes With Glyburide Versus Placebo
This is a randomized prospective trial which addresses the question of whether use of an oral hypoglycemic agent as an adjunct to diet therapy in women with mild gestational diabetes will result in achieving euglycemia in a shorter period of time and, in turn, result in less frequent maternal and neonatal morbidities. This study is designed to test the hypothesis that in women with mild GDM, use of Glyburide in addition to diet and nutritional counseling lowers mean infant birth weight by 200 grams as compared with diet and nutritional counseling alone.
16 Years to 45 Years old
• A glucose value of ≥140 mg/dl on a 50-gram oral glucose loading test by plasma at gestational age between 24 weeks 0 days and 27 weeks 6 days based on clinical information
• An Abnormal 3-hour oral glucose tolerance test with a fasting glucose of ≤105 mg/dl
• Gestational age of less than or equal to 28 weeks and 0 days at the time of consent/randomization
• Singleton gestation
• Established pregestational diabetes
• Abnormal gestational diabetes testing (≥140) prior to 24 weeks 0 days of gestation. Women who have a negative glucose loading test (<140mg/dl) before 24 weeks may still be considered for this study if they present again for glucose tolerance testing between 24 and 27 weeks.
• Multiple gestations
• Known major fetal anomaly or fetal demise
• Any renal disease with serum creatinine of >1.0
• Known liver disease such as hepatitis
• Maternal or fetal conditions likely to require imminent or very preterm delivery such as preeclampsia, preterm premature rupture of the membranes, preterm labor, and intrauterine fetal growth restriction
• Known hypersensitivity or allergic reaction to Glyburide
Drug: Glyburide, Drug: Placebo
Mild Gestational Diabetes
Operations and Pelvic Muscle Training in the Management of Apical Support Loss: The OPTIMAL Trial (OPTIMAL)
Pelvic organ prolapse is common among women with a prevalence that has been estimated to be as high as 30%. Pelvic organ prolapse often involves a combination of support defects involving the anterior, posterior and/or apical vaginal segments. While the anterior vaginal wall is the segment most likely to demonstrate recurrent prolapse after reconstructive surgery, reoperations are highest among those who require apical suspension procedures with or without repair of other vaginal segments (12%-33%). Despite the substantial health impact, there is a paucity of high quality evidence to support different practices in the management of prolapse, particularly surgery. Thus, the objectives of the Operations and Pelvic Muscle Training in the Management of Apical Support Loss (OPTIMAL) Trial are: 1. to compare sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSLF) to uterosacral vaginal vault ligament suspension (ULS); and 2. to assess the role of perioperative behavioral therapy/pelvic muscle training (PMT) in women undergoing vaginal surgery for apical or uterine prolapse and stress urinary incontinence.
18 Years and over
• Stage 2 to 4 prolapse
• Prolapse of the vaginal apex or cervix to at least half way into the vaginal canal (POPQ Point C > -TVL/2)
• Vaginal bulge symptoms as indicated by an affirmative response to either questions on the PFDI
• Vaginal surgery for prolapse is planned, including a vaginal apical suspension procedure.
• Stress incontinence symptoms as indicated by an affirmative response to the PFDI Stress incontinence subscale
• Documentation of transurethral stress leakage on an office stress test or urodynamics with or without prolapse reduction within the previous 12 months
• A TVT is planned to treat stress urinary incontinence.
• A PMT visit can be performed at least 2 weeks and not more than 4 weeks before surgery.
• Available for 24-months of follow-up.
• Able to complete study assessments, per clinician judgment
• Able and willing to provide written informed consent
• Contraindication to SSLF, ULS, or TVT in the opinion of the treating surgeon.
• History of previous surgery that included a SSLF or ULS. (Previous vaginal vault suspensions using other techniques or in which the previous technique is unknown are eligible.)
• Pelvic pain or dyspareunia due to levator ani spasm that would preclude a PMT program.
• History of previous synthetic sling procedure for stress incontinence.
• Previous adverse reaction to synthetic mesh.
• Urethral diverticulum, current or previous (i.e., repaired)
• History of femoral to femoral bypass.
• Current cytotoxic chemotherapy or current or history of pelvic radiation therapy.
• History of two inpatient hospitalizations for medical comorbidities in the previous 12 months.
• Subject wishes to retain her uterus. [Both ULS and SLS include removal of the uterus, if not previously removed]
Procedure: SSLF, Procedure: ULS, Behavioral: PMT
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
prolapse, urinary incontinence, uterosacral vaginal vault ligament suspension, sacrospinous ligament fixation, behavioral therapy, pelvic muscle training