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Study of Capivasertib + Docetaxel vs Placebo + Docetaxel as Treatment for Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) (CAPItello-280)
This study will assess the efficacy and safety of capivasertib plus docetaxel versus placebo plus docetaxel in participants with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), all participants will receive the docetaxel with steroid therapy and receive androgen deprivation therapy. The intention of the study is to demonstrate that the combination of capivasertib plus docetaxel is superior to placebo plus docetaxel with respect to the overall survival of study participants, when overall survival is defined as the time from randomization until the date of death due to any cause.
• Histologically-confirmed prostate adenocarcinoma without neuroendocrine or small cell cancers
• Metastatic disease documented prior to randomisation by clear evidence of ≥ 1 bone lesion (defined as 1 lesion with positive uptake on bone scan) and/or ≥ 1 soft tissue lesion (measurable or non-measurable)
• Patient must have been previously treated with a next generation hormonal agent (NHA), ie, abiraterone, enzalutamide, apalutamide or darolutamide, for prostate cancer for at least 3 months and shown evidence of disease progression (radiological or via PSA assessment) while receiving the NHA
• Evidence of mCRPC with progression of disease despite androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and after anti-androgen withdrawal if applicable
• Serum testosterone level ≤ 50 ng/dL
• Candidate for docetaxel and steroid therapy
• Ongoing ADT with LHRH agonist, LHRH antagonist, or bilateral orchiectomy
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)/World Health Organisation (WHO) performance status 0 to 1 and anticipated minimum life expectancy of 12 weeks
• Confirmation that archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumour tissue sample which meets the minimum pathology and sample requirements is available to send to the central laboratory
• Able and willing to swallow and retain oral medication
• Agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive measures, and agreement to refrain from donating sperm
• Radiotherapy with a wide field of radiation within 4 weeks before start of study treatment
• Major surgery (excl. placement of vascular access, transurethral resection of prostate, bilateral orchiectomy, internal stents) within 4 weeks of start of study treatment
• Brain metastases,or spinal cord compression (unless spinal cord compression is asymptomatic, treated and stable and not requiring steroids for at least 4 weeks prior to start of study treatment)
• Any of the following cardiac criteria: i. Mean resting corrected QT interval (QTc) >470 msec from 3 consecutive ECGs ii. Any clinically important abnormalities in rhythm, conduction or morphology of resting ECG iii. Any factors that increase the risk of QTc prolongation or risk of arrhythmic events such as heart failure, hypokalaemia, potential for torsades de pointes, congenital long QT syndrome, family history of long QT syndrome or unexplained sudden death under 40 years of age,or any concomitant medication known to prolong the QT interval iv. Experience of any of the following procedures or conditions in the preceding 6months: coronary artery bypass graft, vascular stent, myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, congestive heart failure NYHA Grade ≥2 v. Uncontrolled hypotension - systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure <50 mmHg vi. Cardiac ejection fraction outside institutional range of normal or <50% (whichever is higher) as measured by echocardiogram (or multiple-gated acquisition scan if an echocardiogram cannot be performed or is inconclusive)
• Clinically significant abnormalities of glucose metabolism as defined by any of the following: i. Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1 or DM type 2 requiring insulin treatment ii. HbA1c ≥8.0% (63.9 mmol/mol)
• Inadequate bone marrow reserve or organ function as demonstrated by any of the following laboratory values: i. Absolute neutrophil count < 1.5x 10^9/L ii. Platelet count < 100x 10^9/L iii. Haemoglobin < 9 g/dL (< 5.59 mmol/L) iv. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 2.5x upper limit of normal (ULN) if no demonstrable liver metastases or > 5x ULN in the presence of liver metastases. Elevated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is not exclusionary if due to the presence of bone metastases and liver function is otherwise considered adequate in the investigator's judgement v. Total bilirubin > 1.5x ULN (participants with confirmed Gilbert's syndrome may be included in the study with a higher value) vi. Creatinine clearance < 50 mL/min per the Cockcroft and Gault formula without the need for chronic dialysis;
• As judged by the investigator, any evidence of diseases (such as severe or uncontrolled systemic diseases, including uncontrolled hypertension, renal transplant and active bleeding diseases), which, in the investigator's opinion, makes it undesirable for the patient to participate in the study or that would jeopardise compliance with the protocol.
• Refractory nausea and vomiting, malabsorption syndrome, chronic gastrointestinal diseases, inability to swallow the formulated product or previous significant bowel resection, or other condition that would preclude adequate absorption of capivasertib
• Any other disease, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding that, in the investigator's opinion, gives reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contra-indicates the use of an investigational drug, may affect the interpretation of the results, render the patient at high risk from treatment complications or interferes with obtaining informed consent. Evidence of dementia, altered mental status, or any psychiatric condition that would prohibit understanding or rendering of informed consent.
• Previous allogeneic bone marrow transplant or solid organ transplant
• History of another primary malignancy except for malignancy treated with curative intent with no known active disease ≥5 years before the first dose of study intervention and of low potential risk for recurrence. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy.
• Persistent toxicities (CTCAE Grade ≥2) caused by previous anticancer therapy, excluding alopecia. Patients with irreversible toxicity that is not reasonably expected to be exacerbated by study intervention may be included (eg, hearing loss) after consultation with the medical monitor
• Known to have active hepatitis infection, positive hepatitis C antibody, hepatitis B virus surface antigen, or hepatitis B virus core antibody at screening.
• Known to have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with a CD4+ T-cell count < 350 cells/uL or a history of an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining opportunistic infection within the past 12 months.
• Known to have active tuberculosis infection (clinical evaluation that may include clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, or tuberculosis testing in line with local practice).
• Treatment with any of the following: i. Prior chemotherapy for CRPC. Chemotherapy for metastatic or localized HSPC (including docetaxel) is allowed provided that chemotherapy was completed ≥ 6months before randomisation and progression of the prostate cancer occurred ≥ 6months after the completion of therapy. ii. Prior exposure to AKT inhibitors or PI3K inhibitors iii. Any investigational agents or study drugs from a previous clinical study within 30 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) of the first dose of study treatment iv. Any other immunotherapy, immunosuppressant medication (other than corticosteroids) or anticancer agents (except ADT) within 3 weeks of the first dose of study treatment v. Strong inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4 within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment (3 weeks for St John's wort), or drugs that are sensitive to inhibition of CYP3A4 within 1 week prior to the first dose of study treatment
• Drugs known to prolong the QT interval within 5 half-lives of the first dose of study treatment
• History of hypersensitivity to active or inactive excipients of capivasertib, docetaxel, or drugs with a similar chemical structure or class
• Any restriction or contraindication based on the local prescribing information that would prohibit the use of docetaxel
A Study of Abemaciclib (LY2835219) With Abiraterone in Men With Prostate Cancer That Has Spread to Other Parts of the Body and is Expected to Respond to Hormonal Treatment (Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer) (CYCLONE 3)
The purpose of this study is to learn whether adding abemaciclib to abiraterone plus prednisone prolongs the time before prostate cancer gets worse. Participation may last approximately 60 months.
• Adenocarcinoma of the prostate (as the predominant histology)
• High-risk metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. High risk is defined as:
• Greater than or equal to (≥)4 bone metastases by bone scan and/or
• ≥1 visceral metastases by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging
• Must have initiated androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist/antagonist or bilateral orchiectomy prior to randomization. Up to 3 months of ADT prior to randomization is permitted with or without first-generation anti-androgen.
• Adequate organ function
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
• Prior treatment with abemaciclib or any other cyclin dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4 & 6) inhibitor
• Development of metastatic prostate cancer in the context of castrate levels of testosterone
• Received any prior systemic therapy for metastatic prostate cancer (including investigational agents), except for ADT and first-generation anti-androgen
• Clinically significant cardiovascular disease as evidenced by myocardial infarction, arterial thrombotic events, or severe/unstable angina in the past 6 months, or New York Heart Association Class II to IV heart failure
• History of syncope of cardiovascular etiology, ventricular arrhythmia of pathological origin, or sudden cardiac arrest. Chronic and hemodynamically stable atrial arrhythmia well-controlled on medical therapy is permitted
• Uncontrolled hypertension
• Clinically active or chronic liver disease, moderate/severe hepatic impairment
• Known untreated central nervous system (CNS) metastasis. Participants with a history of treated brain metastases are eligible if stable for at least 8 weeks prior to randomization and off corticosteroid for at least 2 weeks prior to randomization
A Study of Belzutifan (MK-6482) Plus Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Versus Placebo Plus Pembrolizumab in Participants With Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Post Nephrectomy (MK-6482-022)
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of oral belzutifan (MK-6482) plus intravenous (IV) pembrolizumab (MK-3475) compared to placebo plus pembrolizumab, in the adjuvant treatment of Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (ccRCC) post nephrectomy. The primary study hypothesis is that belzutifan plus pembrolizumab is superior to placebo plus pembrolizumab with respect to disease-free survival (DFS).
• Has a histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of RCC with clear cell component per American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) (8th Edition), with or without sarcomatoid features
• Has intermediate-high risk, high risk, or M1 no evidence of disease (NED) RCC as defined by the following pathological tumor-node metastasis and tumor grading:
• Intermediate-high risk RCC: pT2, Grade 4 or sarcomatoid, N0, M0; pT3, any grade, N0, M0
• High risk RCC: pT4, any Grade N0, M0; pT any stage, any Grade, N+, M0
• M1 NED RCC participants who present not only with the primary kidney tumor but also solid, isolated, soft tissue metastases that can be completely resected at one of the following: the time of nephrectomy (synchronous) or, ≤2 years from nephrectomy (metachronous)
• Has undergone complete resection of the primary tumor (partial or radical nephrectomy) and complete resection of solid, isolated, soft tissue metastatic lesion(s) in M1 NED participants
• Must have undergone a nephrectomy and/or metastasectomy ≤12 weeks prior to randomization
• Has Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 1 within 10 days before randomization.
• Male participants must agree to continue contraception at least 7 days after the last dose of belzutifan/placebo
• Female participants of childbearing potential must be willing to use an adequate method of contraception, for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of pembrolizumab or at least 30 days after last dose of belzutifan/placebo, whichever occurs last
• Has adequate organ function
• Has had a major surgery, other than nephrectomy plus resection of preexisting metastases for M1 NED participants, within 4 weeks prior to randomization
• Has a pulse oximeter reading <92% at rest, requires intermittent supplemental oxygen, or requires chronic supplemental oxygen
• Has clinically significant cardiovascular disease within 6 months from first dose of study intervention
• Has other clinically significant disorders such as: serious active nonhealing wound/ulcer/bone fracture; requirement for hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis
• Has preexisting brain or bone metastatic lesions
• Has received prior systemic therapy for RCC
• Has received prior radiotherapy for RCC
• Has received a live or live-attenuated vaccine within 30 days before the first dose of study intervention; administration of killed vaccines are allowed
• Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy
• Has a known additional malignancy (other than RCC treated with nephrectomy and/or metastasectomy) that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 3 years
• Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs); replacement therapy is allowed
• Has a history of (noninfectious) pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease that required steroids or has current pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease
• Has an active infection, requiring systemic therapy
• Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, a known history of Hepatitis B or known active Hepatitis C virus infection
• Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant
A Comparison of TULSA Procedure vs. Radical Prostatectomy in Participants With Localized Prostate Cancer (CAPTAIN)
Men with localized, intermediate risk prostate cancer will be randomized to undergo either radical prostatectomy or the TULSA procedure, with a follow-up of 10 years in this multi-centered randomized control trial. This study will determine whether the TULSA procedure is as effective and more safe compared to radical prostatectomy.
• Age 40 to 80 years, with >10 years life expectancy
• Biopsy-confirmed, NCCN (favorable and unfavourable) intermediate-risk prostate acquired within last 12 months
• Stage ≤cT2c, N0, M0
• ISUP Grade Group 2 or 3 disease on TRUS-guided biopsy or in-bore biopsy
• PSA ≤20ng/mL within last 3 months
• Planned ablation volume is < 3 cm axial radius from urethra on mpMRI acquired within last 6 months
• Inability to undergo MRI or general anesthesia
• Suspected tumor is > 30 mm from the prostatic urethra
• Prostate calcifications is > 3 mm in maximum extent obstructing ablation of tumor
• Unresolved urinary tract infection or prostatitis
• History of proctitis, bladder stones, hematuria, history of acute urinary retention, severe neurogenic bladder
• Artificial urinary sphincter, penile implant, or intraprostatic implant
• Patients who are otherwise not deemed candidates for radical prostatectomy
• Inability or unwillingness to provide informed consent
• History of anal or rectal fibrosis or stenosis, or urethral stenosis, or other abnormality challenging insertion of devices
[18F]PT2385 PET/CT in Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma
This is an exploratory study to assess [18F]PT2385 Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This is an open-label, nontherapeutic trial. The main objective is to correlate hypoxia-inducible factor-2alpha (HIF2α) levels as determined by an investigational [18F]PT2385 PET/CT scan with the levels on subsequently obtained tissue by HIF2α immunohistochemistry (IHC). There will be three cohorts. The first pre-surgical cohort will have [18F]PT2385 PET/CT prior to nephrectomy. The uptake and retention on Positron Emission Tomography (PET), quantified as standardized uptake value (SUV) max and mean, abbreviated SUV henceforth will be correlated with HIF2α levels by IHC on the primary tumor. The second cohort will comprise patients with metastatic clear cell renal carcinoma (ccRCC). SUV will be correlated with HIF2α levels measured by IHC on a biopsy sample from a metastasis. Both low- and high-avidity sites will be biopsied and tracer uptake correlated with HIF2α IHC. A third cohort will include patients with Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome and any of the following disease manifestations - RCC, central nervous system (CNS) hemangioblastoma, and/or pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor(s). Investigational imaging will evaluate HIF2α expression within a tumor type and across different tumor types. A biopsy is encouraged but not mandatory for this cohort.
• Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent that includes study interventions (PET/CT and, if cohort 2, mandatory biopsy).
• Ability to lie still for a 30- to 60-minute PET/CT scan.
• One of the following:
• Cohort 1. Patients with suspected RCC planned for surgery.
• Cohort 2. Patients with metastatic ccRCC or VHL syndrome and RCC. Biopsy is required (planned resection for treatment reasons of a metastatic site is acceptable in lieu of the biopsy).
• Cohort 3. Patients with VHL syndrome with RCC, CNS hemangioblastoma, and/or pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor(s) planning to start belzutifan.
• Patients with liver dysfunction will be considered "patients of special interest," and enrollment is allowed with or without criteria outlined for Cohorts 1-3. Liver dysfunction is defined clinically and is typically supported by abnormalities in imaging or laboratory studies (alanine / aspartate amino-transferase, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, or international normalized range (INR) for prothrombin time).
• Women of child-bearing potential must agree to undergo and have documented a negative pregnancy test on the day of [18F]PT2385 administration. A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:
• Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
• Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
• Uncontrolled severe and irreversible intercurrent illness or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
• Subjects must not be pregnant or nursing due to the potential for congenital abnormalities and the potential of this regimen to harm nursing infants.
• Claustrophobia or other contraindications to PET/CT.
• Subjects must not weigh more than the maximum weight limit for the table for the PET/CT scanner where the study is being performed (>200 kilograms or 440 pounds).
• For cohort 2 patients, lack of suitable sites for mandatory biopsy. For example, patients with metastatic disease restricted to the lungs that would require percutaneous biopsies with associated risk of bleeding and pneumothorax will be excluded.
Pivotal Study of the NanoKnife System for the Ablation of Prostate Tissue (PRESERVE)
Pivotal study to evaluate the use of the NanoKnife System as a focal therapy option for prostate cancer patients. This study will assess the safety and effectiveness of the device when used to ablate prostate tissue in intermediate-risk prostate cancer patients.
• Is greater than 50 years of age
• Has at least a 10-year life expectancy
• Has histologically confirmed organ-confined prostate cancer, clinical stage ≤ T2c
• Has a PSA ≤ 15 ng/mL or PSA density < 0.2 ng/mL2 if PSA is > 15 ng/mL
• Has Gleason score 3+4 or 4+3
• Has no evidence of extraprostatic extension by mpMRI
• Has no evidence of seminal vesicle invasion by mpMRI, and if suspected, confirmed by biopsy
• Physician is able to visualize prostate gland adequately on transrectal ultrasound imaging during enrollment evaluation
• Transperineal or transrectal targeted prostate biopsies of lesion, plus 10 core systematic biopsies to include adequate sampling of the peripheral zone correlating with an intermediate risk lesion in the area of the MR-visible lesion
• A visible lesion on mpMRI that is accessible to Irreversible Electroporation (IRE) treatment (Note: A non-MRI visible lesion detected via systematic standard biopsy will not be considered an exclusion criterion provided the non-MRI visible lesion is singularly located in the contralateral hemisphere of the prostate; is Gleason 6; and comprises no more than 6 mm linear extent of prostate-bearing tissue in a single core on standard biopsy)
• Has signed a written informed consent and in the judgment of the physician, the study is in the best interest of the subject
• Understands and accepts the obligation and is logistically able to present for all scheduled follow-up visits
• Has known hypersensitivity to pancuronium bromide, atricurium or cisatricurium
• Is unfit for anesthesia or has a contraindication for agents listed for paralysis
• Has an active urinary tract infection (UTI)
• Has a history of bladder neck contracture
• Is interested in future fertility
• Has a history (within 3 years) of inflammatory bowel disease
• Has a concurrent major debilitating illness
• Had active treatment for a malignancy within 3 years, including malignant melanoma, except for prostate cancer or other types of skin cancer
• Has any active implanted electronic device (e.g., pacemaker)
• Is unable to catheterize due to a urethral stricture disease
• Has had prior or current prostate cancer therapies:
• Biologic therapy for prostate cancer
• Chemotherapy for prostate cancer
• Hormonal therapy for prostate cancer within three months of procedure
• Radiotherapy for prostate cancer
• Surgery for prostate cancer
• Has had prior transurethral prostatectomy (TURP), stricture surgery, urethral stent or prostatic implants
• Has had prior major rectal surgery (except hemorrhoids)
• Is unfit for pelvic MRI scanning (e.g., severe claustrophobia, permanent cardiac pacemaker, metallic implants that are likely to contribute significant image artifacts, allergy or contraindication to gadolinium (to enhance MRI))
• Is actively bleeding, is anticoagulated or on blood thinning medications, or has a bleeding disorder
• Is a member of a vulnerable population such as prisoners, handicapped or mentally disabled persons, or economically or educationally disadvantaged persons
• In the opinion of the treating physician, has a contraindication listed in the current NanoKnife System User Manual (section 2.3)
An International Prospective Open-label, Randomized, Phase III Study Comparing 177Lu-PSMA-617 in Combination With SoC, Versus SoC Alone, in Adult Male Patients With mHSPC (PSMAddition)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 177Lu-PSMA-617 in combination with Standard of Care, versus Standard of Care alone, in adult male patients with mHSPC. In this study, the SoC is defined as a combination of Androgen Receptor Directed Therapy + Androgen Deprivation Therapy. Approximately 1126 patients will be randomized in this study.
• Signed informed consent must be obtained prior to participation in the study
• Patients must be adults ≥18 years of age
• Patients must have an ECOG performance status of 0 to 2
• Patients must have a life expectancy >9 months as determined by the study investigator
• Patients must have metastatic prostate cancer with histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma (current or prior biopsy of the prostate and/or metastatic site)
• Patients must have evidence of PSMA-positive disease as seen on a 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT scan, and eligible as determined by the sponsor's central reader
• Patients must have at least one documented metastatic bone and/or soft tissue/visceral lesion documented in the following manners within 28 days prior randomization:
• Metastatic disease to the bone (in any distribution) visible on 99Tc-MDP bone scintigraphy on either pre-ADT scans or baseline scans AND/OR
• Lymph node metastases of any size or distribution. If lymph nodes are the only site of metastasis, then at least one must be at least 1.5 cm in short axis AND outside of the pelvis AND/OR
• Visceral metastases of any size or distribution. If a participant has a history of visceral metastases at any time prior to randomization, he should be coded as having visceral metastases at baseline (i.e., patients with visceral metastases prior to ADT that disappear at baseline will be counted as having visceral metastases and would therefore have high volume disease for stratification purposes).
• Patients must have adequate organ function:
• Bone marrow reserve ANC ≥1.5 x 109/L Platelets ≥100 x 109/L Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL
• Hepatic Total bilirubin ≤2 x the institutional upper limit of normal (ULN). For patients with known Gilbert's Syndrome ≤3 x ULN is permitted Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤3.0 x ULN OR ≤5.0 x ULN for patients with liver metastases
• Renal eGFR ≥ 50 mL/min/1.73m2 using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation
• Albumin ≥2.5 g/dL
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients who are healthy and have a low risk of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related outcomes can participate in this trial
• Patients must be: Treatment naïve OR minimally treated with:
• Up to 45 days of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist /antagonists or bilateral orchiectomy with or without first generation anti-androgen (e.g. bicalutamide, flutamide) for metastatic prostate cancer is allowed prior to ICF signature. If given, first generation anti-androgen must be discontinued prior to start of study therapy or after 45 days whatever happens first.
• If received, prior LHRH agonist/antagonist with or without first generation anti-androgen use in the adjuvant/neo-adjuvant setting must have been discontinued > 12 months prior to ICF signature AND must not have exceeded 24 months of therapy AND must not have shown disease progression within 12 months of completing adjuvant/neo-adjuvant therapy.
• Up to 45 days of CYP17 inhibitor or ARDT exposure for metastatic prostate cancer is allowed prior to ICF signature. No CYP17 inhibitor or ARDT exposure for earlier stages of prostate cancer is allowed.
• Participants with rapidly progressing tumor that requires urgent exposure to taxane-based chemotherapy
• Any prior systemic anti-prostate cancer therapy (with the exception of the drugs listed on inclusion criteria 11), including chemotherapy, Poly (adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors, immunotherapy or biological therapy (including monoclonal antibodies).
• Concurrent cytotoxicity chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radioligand therapy, PARP inhibitor, biological therapy or investigational therapy
• Previous treatment with any of the following within 6 months of randomization: Strontium-89, Samarium-153, Rhenium-186, Rhenium-188, Radium-223, hemi-body irradiation. Previous PSMA-targeted radioligand therapy is not allowed
• Ongoing participation in any other clinical trial
• Use of other investigational drugs within 30 days prior to day of randomization
• Known hypersensitivity to any of the study treatments or its excipients or to drugs of similar chemical classes
• Transfusion for the sole purpose of making a participant eligible for study inclusion
• Participants with CNS metastases that are neurologically unstable, symptomatic, or receiving corticosteroids for the purpose of maintaining neurologic integrity. Participants with epidural disease, canal disease and prior cord involvement are allowed if those areas have been treated, are stable, and not neurologically impaired. Participants with parenchymal CNS metastasis (or a history of CNS metastasis), that have received prior therapy and are neurologically stable, asymptomatic and not receiving steroids for CNS metastases, are allowed, baseline and subsequent radiological imaging must include evaluation of the brain (magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) preferred or CT with contrast).
• Diagnosed with other malignancies that are expected to alter life expectancy or may interfere with disease assessment. However, participants with a prior history of malignancy that has been adequately treated and who have been disease free, treatment free for more than 3 years prior to randomization, or participants with adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer are eligible.
• Concurrent serious (as determined by the Principal Investigator) medical conditions, including, but not limited to, uncontrolled infection, known active hepatitis B or C, or other significant co-morbid conditions that in the opinion of the investigator would impair study participation or cooperation. Participants with an active documented COVID-19 infection (any grade of disease severity) at time of informed consent may be included only when completely recovered (in accordance with local guidance).
• Active clinically significant cardiac disease defined as any of the following:
• NYHA class 3/4 congestive heart failure within 6 months prior to ICF signature unless treated with improvement and echocardiogram or MUGA demonstrates EF > 45% with improvement in symptoms to class < 3.
• History or current diagnosis of ECG abnormalities indicating significant risk of safety for participants in the study such as: Concomitant clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias, e.g. sustained ventricular tachycardia, complete left bundle branch block, high-grade atrioventricular (AV) block (e.g., bifascicular block, Mobitz type II and third degree AV block)
• History of familial long QT syndrome or known family history of Torsades de Pointes
• Cardiac or cardiac repolarization abnormality, including any of the following: History of myocardial infarction (MI), angina pectoris, or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) within 6 months prior to ICF signature
• History of somatic or psychiatric disease/condition that may interfere with the objectives and assessments of the study
• Symptomatic cord compression, or clinical or radiologic findings indicative of impending cord compression
• Any condition that precludes raised arms position
• Unmanageable concurrent bladder outflow obstruction or urinary incontinence. Note: participants with bladder outflow obstruction or urinary incontinence, which is manageable and controlled with best available standard of care (incl. pads, drainage) are allowed.
• Sexually active males unwilling to use a condom during intercourse while taking study treatment and for 14 weeks after stopping study treatment. A condom is required for all sexually active male participants to prevent them from fathering a child AND to prevent delivery of study treatment via seminal fluid to their partner. In addition, male participants must not donate sperm for the time period specified above. If local regulations deviate from the contraception methods listed above to prevent pregnancy, local regulations apply and will be described in the ICF
Study to Evaluate the Safety and Tolerability of CC-94676 in Participants With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety, tolerability and preliminary efficacy of CC-94676 in men with progressive metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer.
• Must have histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate
• Progressed on androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and at least one prior secondary hormonal therapy approved for castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0 or 1
• Prior treatment with an androgen receptor (AR) degrader
• Concurrent malignancy (present during screening) requiring treatment or history of prior malignancy active within 1 year prior to the first dose of IP
• Clinically significant venous thromboembolism within 3 months prior to the first dose of IP
• Any significant medical condition, such as uncontrolled infection, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness Other protocol-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria apply
Testing the Addition of a New Anti-cancer Drug, Radium-223 Dichloride, to the Usual Treatment (Cabozantinib) for Advanced Renal Cell Cancer That Has Spread to the Bone, the RadiCaL Study
This phase II trial studies whether adding radium-223 dichloride to the usual treatment, cabozantinib, improves outcomes in patients with renal cell cancer that has spread to the bone. Radioactive drugs such as radium-223 dichloride may directly target radiation to cancer cells and minimize harm to normal cells. Cabozantinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving radium-223 dichloride and cabozantinib may help lessen the pain and symptoms from renal cell cancer that has spread to the bone, compared to cabozantinib alone.
• Documented histologic or cytologic diagnosis of renal cell cancer (RCC). All subtypes of RCC are eligible including but not limited to clear cell, papillary, chromophobe, translocation, collecting duct carcinoma, medullary carcinoma, and unclassified categories. Enrollment of non-clear cell patients will be limited to 20% of the total sample size (~ 42 patients). Once this goal is met, accrual of non-clear cell patients will be discontinued (a notice will be sent out 2 weeks in advance). Sarcomatoid and rhabdoid differentiation are allowed
• Presence of at least 1 metastatic bone lesion not treated with prior radiation is required.
• The presence of bone metastases can be detected by computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Tc-99m bone scan or positron emission tomography (PET) (fludeoxyglucose F-18 [FDG] or sodium fluoride [NaF]) imaging. Patients with non-measurable bone-only disease are allowed. Patients may have received prior radiation therapy for bone metastases or other external radiation >= 7 days prior to registration, as long as they still have at least 1 metastatic bone lesion not treated with radiation. Patients with visceral metastases are allowed, as long as they have at least one untreated bone metastases
• No prior treatment with cabozantinib
• No treatment with any type of small molecular kinase inhibitor (including investigational kinase inhibitors) within 2 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) of registration or receipt of any anti-cancer therapy (including investigational therapy, monoclonal antibodies, cytokine therapy) within 3 weeks of registration
• No prior hemibody external radiotherapy
• No prior therapy with radium-223 dichloride or systemic radiotherapy (such as samarium, strontium)
• No major surgery within 6 weeks of randomization. Procedures such as thoracentesis, paracentesis, percutaneous biopsy, Moh's or other topical skin surgery, Lasik eye surgery are not considered major surgery. Patients who have had a nephrectomy may be registered >= 3 weeks after surgery, providing there are no wound-healing complications. Subjects with clinically relevant ongoing complications from prior surgery are not eligible
• Recovery to baseline or =< grade 1 CTCAE version 5.0 from toxicity related to any prior treatment, unless adverse events are clinically nonsignificant and/or stable on supportive therapy
• The use of osteoclast targeted therapy including either bisphosphonates or denosumab is mandated on this study except in patients with contraindications as determined by the treating investigator, including:
• Renal impairment including those with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) < 35 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault equation or acute renal impairment
• Hypersensitivity to drug formulation
• Dental condition or need for dental intervention that per the investigator would increase the risk of osteonecrosis of jaw (ONJ).
• Use of osteoclast targeted therapy or reason against use needs to be recorded in the electronic case report form (eCRF). Additionally, reason for discontinuation of osteoclast targeted therapy need to be appropriately documented in the eCRF
• Not pregnant and not nursing, because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown.
• Therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative urine pregnancy test done =< 28 days prior to registration is required. A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature female who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months)
• Karnofsky performance status >= 60%
• No brain metastases or cranial epidural disease unless adequately treated with radiotherapy, radiosurgery, or surgery and stable for at least 4 weeks prior to registration as documented by MRI or CT imaging or deemed stable by clinical investigator. Treated brain metastases are defined as having no ongoing requirement for steroids and no evidence of progression or hemorrhage after treatment for at least 4 weeks prior to registration as documented by MRI or CT imaging or deemed stable by clinical investigator
• No imminent or established spinal cord compression based on clinical symptoms and/or imaging. In patients with untreated imminent or established spinal cord compression, treatment with standard of care as clinically indicated should be completed at least 2 weeks before registration
• No imminent or impending pathologic fracture based on clinical symptoms and/or imaging. In patients with untreated imminent or impending pathologic fracture, treatment with standard of care as clinically indicated should be completed at least 2 weeks before registration
• No significant, uncontrolled intercurrent or recent illness, including but not limited to the following conditions:
• Cardiovascular disorders: Symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, serious cardiac arrhythmia; uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained blood pressure > 150 mm Hg systolic or > 100 mm Hg diastolic despite optimal antihypertensive treatment; stroke (including transient ischemic attack), myocardial infarction, or other ischemic event, within 6 months before randomization; thromboembolic event (e.g., deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism) within 1 month before randomization
• Gastrointestinal disorders: Disorders associated with a high risk of perforation or fistula formation: active inflammatory bowel disease, active diverticulitis, active cholecystitis, active symptomatic cholangitis or active appendicitis, active acute pancreatitis or active acute obstruction of the pancreatic or biliary duct, or active gastric outlet obstruction; abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, bowel obstruction, or intra-abdominal abscess within 3 months before randomization. Note: Complete healing of an intra-abdominal abscess must be confirmed before randomization
• No clinically significant hematuria, hematemesis, or hemoptysis, or other history of significant bleeding (e.g., pulmonary hemorrhage) within 3 months before randomization
• No lesions invading major pulmonary blood vessels
• No other clinically significant disorders:
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy (with no medications prohibited by this protocol [e.g. drug-drug interactions]) with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial
• For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy (with no medications prohibited by this protocol [e.g. drug-drug interactions]), if indicated
• Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load (with no medications prohibited by this protocol [e.g. drug-drug interactions])
• No serious non-healing wound or ulcer
• No malabsorption syndrome
• No uncompensated/symptomatic hypothyroidism
• No moderate to severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B or C)
• No requirements for hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis
• No history of solid organ transplantation
• No chronic concomitant treatment with strong CYP3A4 inducers or inhibitors. Because the list of these agents is constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently updated medical reference. Patients may not have received a strong CYP3A4 inducer within 12 days prior to registration nor a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor within 7 days prior to registration
• No concomitant anticoagulation with coumarin agents (e.g., warfarin), direct thrombin inhibitors (e.g., dabigatran), direct factor Xa inhibitor betrixaban, or platelet inhibitors (e.g., clopidogrel). Allowed anticoagulants include:
• Prophylactic use of low-dose aspirin for cardio-protection (per local applicable guidelines) and low-dose low molecular weight heparins (LMWH).
• Therapeutic doses of LMWH or anticoagulation with direct factor Xa inhibitors rivaroxaban, edoxaban, or apixaban in subjects without known brain metastases who are on a stable dose of the anticoagulant for at least 1 week before first dose of study treatment without clinically significant hemorrhagic complications from the anticoagulation regimen or the tumor.
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm^3
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
• Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dl (transfusions allowed)
• Calculated (calc.) creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault equation
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), for patients with Gilberts disease =< 3.0 x ULN
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3.0 x ULN
• Urine protein to creatinine (UPC) ratio =< 2 mg/mg OR 24-hr urine protein < 2 g
Immunotherapy With Nivolumab and Ipilimumab Followed by Nivolumab or Nivolumab With Cabozantinib for Patients With Advanced Kidney Cancer, The PDIGREE Study
This phase III trial compares the usual treatment (treatment with ipilimumab and nivolumab followed by nivolumab alone) to treatment with ipilimumab and nivolumab, followed by nivolumab with cabozantinib in patients with untreated renal cell carcinoma that has spread to other parts of the body. The addition of cabozantinib to the usual treatment may make it work better. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Cabozantinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known how well the combination of cabozantinib and nivolumab after initial treatment with ipilimumab and nivolumab works in treating patients with renal cell cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
• STEP I REGISTRATION CRITERIA
• Histologically documented renal cell carcinoma with clear cell component, including patients who have sarcomatoid or rhabdoid features
• Any metastatic disease, including visceral, lymph node, other soft tissue and bone, measurable per RECIST 1.1.
• Measurable disease as defined in the protocol.
• Must be intermediate or poor risk patient per International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database (IMDC) criteria (1 or more of the following): Karnofsky performance status [KPS] < 80, < 1 year from diagnosis [including initial nephrectomy] to systemic treatment for metastatic disease, hemoglobin less than lower limit of normal [LLN], corrected calcium concentration greater than upper limit of normal [ULN], absolute neutrophil count greater than ULN, platelet count > ULN).
• Central nervous system (CNS) disease permitted, if stable and not otherwise causing symptoms or needing active treatment.
• Karnofsky performance status >= 70%.
• No prior treatment with PD-1, PD-L1, or CTLA-4 targeting agents (including but not limited to nivolumab, pembrolizumab, pidilizumab, durvalumab, atezolizumab, tremelimumab, and ipilimumab), or any other drug or antibody specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways. The only exception is for prior treatment with nivolumab or other PD-1/PD-L1/CTLA-4 targeting therapy on pre- or post-operative trials, as long as > 1 year since completion of systemic therapy.
• No prior previous systemic therapy for renal cell carcinoma (prior HD IL-2 [> 28 days] and prior adjuvant sunitinib > 180 days since completion and prior immunotherapy as above are allowed).
• No systemic cancer therapy less than 28 days prior to registration; no radiation therapy less than 14 days prior to registration. There must be a complete recovery and no ongoing complications from radiotherapy.
• Not pregnant and not nursing, because this study involves an agent that has known genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects. Therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative serum or urine pregnancy test done =< 14 days prior to registration is required.
• Age >= 18 years
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm^3.
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3.
• Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL.
• Calculated (Calc.) creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min.
• Urine protein =< 1+ or urine protein to creatinine (UPC) ratio < 1.
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (except for patients with known or likely Gilbert's syndrome, for whom total bilirubin up to 3 mg/dL is allowed with direct bilirubin =< 20% total bilirubin)
• Aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase (AST/ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or < 5 x ULN if hepatic metastases present.
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
• Successful completion of at least 1 cycle of ipilimumab/nivolumab.
• Resolution of any treatment-related adverse events to grade 1 or less per dose modification section (this criteria does not include any adverse events [AEs] not attributable to treatment which are present due to disease), with prednisone-equivalent dosing at 10 mg daily or less. Exceptions for this criteria include patients receiving replacement hormone treatments (such as levothyroxine for treatment-related hypothyroidism or glucocorticoid replacement for adrenal insufficiency). Please contact study chair if further discussion is needed.
• No more than 80 days from last dose of ipilimumab/nivolumab.
• Active autoimmune disease requiring ongoing therapy.
• Ongoing acute toxicity > grade 2 from previous treatment.
• History of severe allergic, anaphylactic or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies.
• Active hepatitis B/C, or active tuberculosis (PPD response without active TB is allowed)
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -infected patients with detectable viral load within 6 months prior to registration. Patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months prior to registration are eligible.
• Concurrent use of immunosuppressive medication including prednisone above 10 mg daily.
• Uncontrolled adrenal insufficiency.
• Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure [BP] >150 mmHg or diastolic BP > 90 mmHg).
• Major surgery less than 28 days prior to registration.
• Any serious non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture within 28 days prior to registration.
• Any arterial thrombotic events within 180 days prior to registration.
• Clinically significant hematuria, hematemesis, or hemoptysis within 12 weeks prior to registration.
• Cavitating pulmonary lesions or known endotracheal or endobronchial disease manifestations.
• Lesions encasing or invading any major blood vessels (this does not include tumor thrombus extending into/through renal vein/inferior vena cava [IVC]). Patients with tumor thrombus extending into/through renal vein are considered eligible.
• Moderate of severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B or C).
• Any history of untreated pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in the 180 days prior to registration. (Any asymptomatic, treated pulmonary embolism or asymptomatic, treated deep venous thrombosis > 30 days prior to registration allowed).
• Corrected QT interval calculated by the Fridericia formula (QTcF) > 500 ms.
• Unstable cardiac arrhythmia within 6 months prior to registration.
• Any gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding =< 180 days, hemoptysis, or other signs of pulmonary hemorrhage =< 90 days prior to registration.
• History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, intra-abdominal abscess, bowel obstruction, or gastric outlet obstruction within 180 days prior to registration.
• Active peptic ulcer disease, inflammatory bowel disease, or malabsorption syndrome within 28 days prior to registration.
• Untreated hypothyroidism (treated hypothyroidism on thyroid replacement therapy is allowed. Abnormal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is acceptable with normal T3/free T4 if treated on thyroid replacement therapy)
• Evidence of pancreatitis, history of organ transplant, or history of congenital QT syndrome.
• Active treatment with coumarin agents (e.g., warfarin), direct thrombin inhibitors (e.g., dabigatran), direct Xa inhibitor betrixaban or platelet inhibitors (e.g., clopidogrel) within 5 days of registration. Allowed anticoagulants include: prophylactic use of low-dose aspirin for cardio-protection (per local applicable guidelines) and low-dose low molecular weight heparins (LMWH), therapeutic doses of LMWH or anticoagulation with direct factor Xa inhibitors rivaroxaban, edoxaban, apixaban. Allowed also in patients with known brain metastases who are on a stable dose of the anticoagulant for at least 1 week prior to registration without clinically significant hemorrhagic complications from the anticoagulation regimen or the tumor.
• Significant cardiac ischemia events (ST elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI] or non-ST elevation myocardial infarction [NSTEMI]) within 6 months or active NY Heart Association class 3-4 heart failure symptoms
Adjuvant Curcumin to Assess Recurrence Free Survival in Patients Who Have Had a Radical Prostatectomy
This is a prospective study to determine if the adjuvant use of Curcumin improves recurrence-free survival.
• Status post radical prostatectomy for histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate
• pathologically confirmed T1-T3 disease
• no sign of lymph node or metastatic disease
• pT1-pT3pNxMx patients in whom standard NCCN or AUA guidelines would suggest are at low risk for pelvic lymph node or metastatic disease and who would not require confirmatory imaging for metastatic disease. This includes patients with Gleason 6 or 7(T2 disease) and PSA less than 20.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group(ECOG) status 0-2
• adequate renal and liver function as well as bone marrow reserve (measured serum creatinine <2mg/dl, bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dl, ANC ≥ 1.5 x 10 (3) uL, platelets ≥ 50 x K/uLL, and hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL)
• 30-80 y/o at time of diagnosis with a life expectancy of >= 3 yrs
• focally positive surgical margins are permitted
• no plan to receive adjuvant hormone or radiation therapy
• PSA at the time of enrollment must be undetectable
• life expectancy of 3 years
• must not have exceeded 3 months from time of surgery to enrollment into study
• T3b or T4 or node positive disease
• macroscopic residual disease after surgery
• hormone therapy before surgery
• history of gallbladder problems or gallstones, or biliary obstruction, unless patient had cholecystectomy
• radiation therapy as primary treatment after surgery
• INR value greater than 1.5
• AST/ALT are equal or greater than 2 times the upper limit of normal
• antiplatelet or anticoagulant agents- patients taking 81mg of Aspirin will be allowed with close observation
• history of gastric or duodenal ulcers or untreated hyperacidity syndromes
• patients who are currently taking curcumin and are unwilling to stop or plan to take curcumin during the study
Prostate Oncologic Therapy While Ensuring Neurovascular Conservation (POTEN-C) (POTEN-C)
Reduction of dose to or 'sparing' of neurovascular structures during stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SAbR) for localized prostate cancer will improve retention of sexual potency, while retaining excellent oncologic control and other secondary health-related quality of life (HRQOL) endpoints. Primary Objectives: • To compare the decline in patient health-related quality of life (HRQOL) instrument-defined erectile dysfunction following stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SAbR) with or without neurovascular sparing Secondary Objectives: - Assess acute (within 3 months of treatment) and chronic (>3 months after treatment) SAbR related GU and GI toxicities, as well as serial impact on HRQOL metrics over time - Assess biochemical progression free survival, local recurrence, distant recurrence, and survival - Evaluate simplified 'practical' secondary HRQOL sexual potency endpoints that can be compared to prior literature. Exploratory Objectives: - Evaluate feasibility of MRI BOLD/TOLD to be integrated as hypoxia monitoring sequences to standard already planned diagnostic and/or treatment planning MRI on the study in five patient pilot. - Evaluate quality of spacer placement and its effect on dose to neurovascular structures - Evaluate rate local recurrence in the area of sparing adjacent to the neurovascular elements by biopsy in those with biochemical progression.
• Age ≥ 18 years.
• Appropriate staging studies identifying patient as AJCC 7th edition clinical stage T1 (a, b, or c) or T2 (a, b, or c) adenocarcinoma of the prostate gland. The patient should not have direct evidence of regional or distant metastases after appropriate staging studies. See Appendix I for details on AJCC 7th Edition staging criteria. Histologic confirmation of cancer will be required by biopsy performed within 12 months of registration. T-staging may be assessed by multi-parametric imaging alone if digital rectal examination was deferred.
• The patient's Zubrod performance status must be 0-2 (see Appendix II for definition).
• The Gleason summary score should be less than or equal to 7 [Grade group 1 (Gleason 3+3=6), group 2 (Gleason 3+4=7), and group 3 (Gleason 4+3=7) are allowed]. See Appendix III for details on definitions. While a template biopsy is recommended, it is not required in the case of MRI fusion biopsy performed on all dominant MR lesions (defined as PIRADS v2 4-5).
• Baseline AUA symptom score ≤19 (see Appendix IV for questionnaire) without need for maximum medical therapy (specifically, not on tamsulosin 0.8mg daily).
• EPIC sexual domain composite score 60-100 (see Appendix V).
• Multi-parametric MRI evaluation of the prostate is required for this study within 12 months of registration. Gross radiographic disease on MRI (defined as PIRADS v2 score 3-5) must be > 5mm at minimum distance from at least one side's neurovascular bundle, which is typically the closest of the neurovascular elements to the prostate.
• The serum PSA should be less than or equal to 20 ng/ml within 90 days of registration. -Study entry PSA must not be obtained during the following time frames: (1) 10-day period following prostate biopsy; (2) following initiation of ADT or anti-androgen therapy; (3) within 30 days after discontinuation of finasteride; (4) within 90 days after discontinuation of dutasteride; (5) within 5 days of a digital rectal examination (which is not a required exam on the protocol).
• Ultrasound or MRI based volume estimation of prostate gland ≤ 80 grams. Cytoreduction therapy (finasteride or dutasteride only) may be considered for those with >60 gram size.
• All patients must be willing and capable to provide informed consent to participate in the protocol within the 30 days prior to registration.
• Subjects with clinical (digital rectal examination) evidence of extraprostatic extension (T3a) or seminal vesicle involvement (T3b). MRI evidence of equivocal/potential but not definite extraprostatic extension is allowed, as long as it is unilateral and not on the side of the gland proposed for neurovascular element sparing. In equivocal cases of potential extracapsular extension on MRI only, discretion is left to the treating physician.
• MRI evidence of gross disease (defined as PIRADS v2 score 3-5 lesions) ≤5mm of BOTH neurovascular bundles, which are the most proximate of the neurovascular elements planned for sparing on this protocol.
• Patients with all three intermediate risk factors (PSA >10 and ≤ 20, Gleason 7, clinical stage T2b-T2c) who ALSO have ≥50% of the number of their template biopsy cores positive for cancer are ineligible.
• Inability to undergo multi-parametric MRI.
• Evidence of metastatic disease. Note bone scan is not required for this study given the low-intermediate NCCN risk cohort to be enrolled.
• Evidence of clinical nodal involvement of the pelvis. Biopsy is required for lymph nodes over ≥1.5cm in short-axis measured size.
• No currently active ADT or anti-androgen therapy at time of registration is allowed. Further, no more than 3 cumulative months of prior ADT or anti-androgen therapy is allowed. If either has been used by the patient, there must be a demonstration of testosterone recovery (>50ng/dL serum blood level), EPIC sexual domain score ≥60, and at least 1 month between demonstration of testosterone recovery and study registration (any one measurement of testosterone recovery suffices).
• Testosterone ≤ 50 ng/dL (any one measurement >50 ng/dL suffices for inclusion) within 90 days of study entry.
• Subjects who have had previous pelvic radiotherapy or have had chemotherapy or surgery for prostate cancer.
• Subjects who have plans to receive other concomitant or post treatment adjuvant antineoplastic therapy while on this protocol including surgery, cryotherapy, conventionally fractionated radiotherapy, hormonal therapy, or chemotherapy given as part of the treatment of prostate cancer.
• Subjects who have undergone previous transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) within 1 year of enrollment or ablative procedures to the prostate for benign prostatic hyperplasia or other conditions (i.e. cryotherapy, HIFU).
• Subjects who have baseline severe urinary symptoms, as defined by AUA symptom score >19 (alpha-blocker medication allowed except if taking tamsulosin 0.8mg daily at baseline which indicates compensated severe symptoms and also can affect sexual function).
• Subjects who have a history of significant psychiatric illness that would confound informed consent.
• Severe, active co-morbidity, defined as follows:
• Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within the last 6 months
• Myocardial infarction within the last 6 months
• Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at time of registration
• Patients with active inflammatory colitis (including Crohn's Disease and ulcerative colitis) currently requiring systemic steroids and/or systemic immunosuppression are not eligible.
• Subjects with a known allergy to polyethylene glycol hydrogel (rectal spacer material) or contraindication to spacer products (SpaceOAR).
• Subjects with uncontrolled coagulation disorder which cannot be controlled with anticoagulants.
• Men active with partners of reproductive potential who do not agree that they will use an effective contraceptive method during treatment and 6 months after treatment.
• Men who require erectile function medication or aid to achieve an erection sufficient for intercourse. Ability to achieve erection sufficient for intercourse without medication or aid at least once time in the month prior to registration is sufficient for inclusion.
• Men who have clinically significant penile malformation (i.e. Peyronie's disease) or history of penile implantation are excluded.
• If DRE is performed, patient may not have palpable disease on side of gland to be planned for neurovascular sparing. Given the poor accuracy of DRE, such a finding should be confirmed by MRI and/or biopsy to harbor actual disease before excluding a patient on this basis.
Trial of Curcumin to Prevent Progression of Low-risk Prostate Cancer Under Active Surveillance
This is a prospective study to determine if the use of curcumin randomized against placebo will reduce cancer progression in patients with prostate cancer undergoing active surveillance.
• Age between 40-89 years
• Biopsy proven, low-risk, localized prostate cancer (minimum of 8 cores)
• May have had biopsy within last 12 months ≤4 cores involved with cancer
• Gleason score ≤6 with no Gleason pattern 4
• Clinical stage T1c-T2a/b
• Serum PSA ≤15 ng/ml
• Life expectancy > 5 years
• Any previous prostate cancer treatment (radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, oral glucocorticoids, GnRH analogues, prostatectomy)
• Concurrent or previous use within 6 months of screening of any 5α-reductase inhibitor
• Use of anabolic steroids or drugs with antiandrogenic properties
• Prostate volume >150 grams
• Patients who are taking antiplatelet, anticoagulant agents or have a history of a bleeding disorder. Patients taking 81 mg of Aspirin will be allowed to enroll with close observation
• History of gastric or duodenal ulcers or untreated hyperacidity syndromes. Patients on stable doses (2 months of therapy) of GERD medication allowed.
• Patients who are currently taking Curcumin and are unwilling to stop or plan to take Curcumin during the study
• Patients with a history of gallbladder problems or gallstones or biliary obstruction,unless patient had cholecystectomy
A Multi-Center Trial of Androgen Suppression With Abiraterone Acetate, Leuprolide, PARP Inhibition and Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy in Prostate Cancer (ASCLEPIuS)
The purpose of this study is to establish the maximum tolerable dose of niraparib when combined with prostate stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT), abiraterone, leuprolide, and prednisone (the phase 1 portion of the study) and determine 3-year biochemical PSA recurrence free-survival with this treatment approach (the phase 2 portion of the study).
• Pathologic biopsy proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate
• At least one of the following criteria:
• cN1 on conventional or PET imaging
• Grade group 5
• Grade group 4 and PSA ≥10 ng/mL
• Grade group 3 and PSA ≥20 ng/mL
• High probability of Radiographic T3 on MRI AND Grade group ≥2
• Grade Group 3 AND PSA ≥10 ng/mL AND ≥50% positive biopsy cores
• Age ≥ 18
• ECOG < 1
• Adequate organ and marrow function as defined per protocol.
• Use of highly effective contraception (e.g. condoms) for the duration of treatment and a minimum of 90 days thereafter. Men must also agree not to donate sperm for the duration of the study participation, and for at least 90 days thereafter.
• International Prostate Symptoms Score (IPSS) ≤ 20
• Medically fit for treatment and agreeable to follow-up
• Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent
• Tissue available for MiOncoSeq testing to assign DNA repair deficiency status Exclusion Criteria
• Clinical or radiographic evidence of distant metastatic disease by CT/bone scan
• Clinical or radiographic evidence of high probability of clinical T4 disease
• Prostate gland size >80 cc measured by ultrasound or MRI
• Prominent median lobe assessed by treating physician
• Lack of tissue from biopsy to be sent for correlative studies
• Any prior treatment for prostate cancer (incudes TURP, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or anti-androgen therapy)
• Prohibited within 30 days prior to administration to study treatment: spironolactone and other investigational drug therapies.
• Prohibited 3 months before participant registration and during administration of study treatment: non-steroidal anti-androgens (e.g., bicalutamide, flutamide, nilutamide), steroidal antiandrogens (megestrol acetate, cyproterone acetate), oral ketoconazole, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, estrogens, radiopharmaceuticals.
• History of prior pelvic radiation therapy
• Concurrent treatment with strong CYP3A4 inducers such as phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine, phenobarbital
• Enrollment concurrently in another investigational drug study within 1 month of registration
• History of another active malignancy within the previous 3 years except for adequately treated skin cancer or superficial bladder cancer
• History of or active Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
• Contraindication to or inability to tolerate MRIs
• Patients with severe depression
• Uncontrolled diabetes or known HbA1c>10
• Any gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption
• Active pituitary or adrenal dysfunction
• Patients with significant cardiovascular disease potentially including severe / unstable angina, recent history of myocardial infarction, clinically significant heart failure, cerebrovascular disease, venous thromboembolic events, clinically significant arrhythmias)
• Uncontrolled hypertension with persistently elevated systolic blood pressure >160 mmgHg or diastolic blood pressure >100 mmHg despite anti-hypertensive agents.
• Prolonged QTc >450 ms or any ECG changes that interfere with QT interval interpretation
• Major surgery within 1 month of registration
• History of myelodysplastic syndrome or leukemia
• A known hypersensitivity to niraparib, abiraterone acetate, leuprolide, and/or prednisone
• Active infection or other medical condition that would be a contraindication to prednisone use
• Patients with known active hepatitis or chronic liver disease including cirrhosis
• Any condition that in the opinion of the investigator would preclude participation in this study
Safety and Effectiveness Study of the Zenflow Spring System (BREEZE)
Evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Zenflow Spring System in relieving LUTS associated with BPH.
• Subject is able and willing to comply with all the assessments of the study,
• Subject or subject's legal representative has been informed of the nature of the study, agrees to participate and has signed the informed consent form,
• ≥ 45 years of age,
• Baseline IPSS score ≥ 13; ≥ 1 in the IPSS voiding to storage sub-score ratio (IPSS-V/S),
• Prostate volume 25 - 80 cc by transrectal ultrasound (TRUS), measured within 120 days post study consent,
• Prostatic urethral length between 25 and 45 mm, as measured by cystoscopic pull-back,
• Failed, intolerant, or subject choice to not take a medication regimen for the treatment of LUTS.
• Obstructive intravesical median prostatic lobe as determined by ultrasound (i.e., more than 10 mm intravesical prostatic protrusion on sagittal mid-prostate plane via abdominal ultrasound),
• High bladder neck with the absence of lateral lobe encroachment indicating a high likelihood of primary bladder neck obstruction as determined by the Investigator,
• Urethral stricture, meatal stenosis, or bladder neck stricture - either current or recurrent,
• Anatomical anomalies that will not accommodate the Implant, as determined by cystoscopy (e.g., prostatic urethral length to height geometry),
• Requires indwelling catheter or intermittent catheterization to void,
• Baseline PSA > 10 ng/mL or confirmed or suspected prostate cancer (Subjects with a PSA level above 2.5 ng/mL, or age specific, or local reference ranges should have prostate cancer excluded to the Investigator's satisfaction),
• One of the following baseline test results, taken from a single uroflowmetry reading:
• Urinary volume void ≤ 125mL (pre-bladder urinary volume of ≥ 150 mL required),
• Peak urinary flow rate (Qmax) of ≤ 5 ml/second or > 15 mL/second,
• Post- void residual volume (PVR) > 250 mL
• History of other diseases causing voiding dysfunction including urinary retention (e.g., uncontrolled diabetes, diagnosis of neurogenic bladder, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, etc.),
• Subjects with overactive bladder in the absence of benign prostatic obstruction,
• Acute urinary tract infection (UTI) or finding of asymptomatic bacteriuria (Note: subject can be enrolled if the UTI is treated and followed with a negative urine test result), or subjects with history of recurrent UTIs (defined as > 3 UTIs in the past 12 months),
• Concomitant bladder stones,
• Previous pelvic irradiation or radical pelvic surgery,
• Previous prostate surgery, including: enucleation, resection, vaporization, thermotherapy, ablation, stenting or prostatic urethral lift,
• Chronic prostatitis, recurrent prostatitis, chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS), or painful bladder syndrome within the past 12 months
• Known allergy to nickel,
• Life expectancy less than 60 months,
• Use of concomitant medications (e.g., anticholinergics, antispasmodics or tricyclic antidepressants) affecting bladder function,
• Inability to stop taking anticoagulants and/or antiplatelets for at least 3 days prior to the procedure or coumadin for at least 5 days prior to the procedure (Note: low dose aspirin therapy (81 mg) is permitted),
• Taking 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors within 3 months of baseline evaluation,
• Taking one of the following within 2 weeks of baseline evaluation:
• cholinergic gonadotropin releasing hormonal analogues,
• Phosphodiesterase-5 Enzyme Inhibitors (Tadalafil) in doses for BPH,
• Beta-3 adrenergic receptor agonist (Mirabegron),
• Taking androgens, unless eugonadal state for at least 3 months or greater as documented by the Investigator,
• Taking one of the following within 24 hours of pre-treatment (baseline) evaluation:
• phenylephrine, or,
• Future fertility concerns, or,
• In the Investigator's opinion, the subject has a physical, psychological, or medical impairment that might prevent study completion or would confound study results (including subject questionnaires).
UroLift System With SAbR for Prostate Cancer and BPH
Confirming safety of combining UroLift System prior to SAbR for patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer and a history of BPH, by measuring the acute complication rate of UroLift System implant in patients with BPH undergoing SAbR (within 90 days of treatment completion)
• AJCC 8th edition clinical stage T1 (a, b, or c) or T2 (a, b, or c) adenocarcinoma of the prostate gland, Gleason 3+3 = 6 or 3+4 = 7, with no direct evidence of regional or distant metastases following appropriate staging studies. See Appendix I for details on AJCC 8th Edition staging criteria. T-staging may be assessed by multi-parametric imaging alone if digital rectal examination was deferred
• Histologic confirmation of prostate cancer is required by biopsy performed within 18 months of registration.
• Age > 45 years.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance status 0-1.
• American Society of Anesthesia (ASA) physical status score of 1-3
• Baseline AUA symptom score ≥ 17 regardless of medical therapy
• The serum PSA should be < 20 ng/ml within 120 days of registration
• Study entry PSA must not be obtained during the following time frames: (1) 10-day period following prostate biopsy; (2) following initiation of ADT or anti-androgen therapy; (3) within 30 days after discontinuation of finasteride; (4) within 90 days after discontinuation of dutasteride; (5) within 5 days of a digital rectal examination
• Ultrasound or MRI based volume estimation of prostate gland < 100 grams, regardless of cytoreduction with pharmacotherapy
• Ability to undergo general anesthesia for <60 minutes
• Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.
• All men must agree to use adequate contraception (barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 90 days following completion of therapy.
• Contraindications to UroLift System placement including:
• Prostate volume >100 cc based on imaging-based estimation
• Urethral conditions (e.g. urethral strictures and neoplams) that may prevent insertion of UroLift System delivery system into the bladder
• Urinary incontinence due to incompetent sphincter
• An active urinary tract infection
• Current gross hematuria
• In addition to the contraindications if there is a known allergy to nickel, titanium, or stainless steel these patients should be excluded
• Prior transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), median lobe manipulation, simple prostatectomy, or other ablative procedures for benign prostatic hyperplasia.
• Foley / self-catheterization in the last 12 months.
• Patients with all three intermediate risk factors (PSA >10 and ≤ 20, Gleason 7, clinical stage T2b-T2c) who ALSO have ≥50% of the number of their template biopsy cores positive for cancer are ineligible.
• Prior pelvic radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or surgery for prostate cancer.
• Current active androgen deprivation therapy
Comparing UroLift Experience Against Rezūm (CLEAR)
C.L.E.A.R. Study is poised to compare the patient experience post procedure, including catheterization needs as well as retreatment and BPH medication rates following treatment with either the UroLift® System or Rezūm™ System through 12 months.
• Male gender
• Age ≥ 50 years
• Diagnosis of symptomatic BPH
• Prostate volume 30cm3 ≤ 80cm3
• Willing to sign study informed consent form
• Current urinary tract infection
• Current catheter dependent urinary retention or PVR >= 500 mL
• Urethra conditions that may prevent insertion of delivery system into bladder
• Previous BPH surgical procedure
• Urinary incontinence presumed due to incompetent sphincter
• Current gross hematuria
• Patients with a urinary sphincter implant
• Patients who have a penile prosthesis
• Currently enrolled in any other investigational clinical research trial that has not completed the primary endpoint