Influence of Cooling Duration on Efficacy in Cardiac Arrest Patients (ICECAP)
A multicenter, randomized, adaptive allocation clinical trial to determine if increasing durations of induced hypothermia are associated with an increasing rate of good neurological outcomes and to identify the optimal duration of induced hypothermia for neuroprotection in comatose survivors of cardiac arrest.
• Coma after resuscitation from out of hospital cardiac arrest
• Cooled to <34 deg C with 240 minutes of cardiac arrest
• Definitive temperature control applied
• Age ≥ 18 years
• Informed consent from legal authorized representative (LAR) including intent to maintain life support for 96 hours
• Enrollment within 6 hours of initiation of cooling
• Hemodynamic instability
• Pre-existing neurological disability or condition that confounds outcome determination
• Pre-existing terminal illness, unlikely to survive to outcome determination
• Planned early withdrawal of life support
• Presumed sepsis as etiology of arrest
Ramucirumab and Paclitaxel or FOLFIRI in Advanced Small Bowel Cancers
This phase II trial studies how well ramucirumab and paclitaxel or the FOLFIRI regimen (leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, and irinotecan hydrochloride) work in treating patients with small bowel cancers that have spread extensively to other anatomic sites (advanced) or are no longer responding to treatment (refractory). Ramucirumab is a monoclonal antibody that attaches to and inhibits a molecule called VEGFR-2. This may restrain new blood vessel formation therefore reducing nutrient supply to tumor which may interfere with tumor cell growth and expansion. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, and irinotecan hydrochloride work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving Ramucirumab plus paclitaxel or FOLFIRI, may be helpful in treating advanced or refractory small bowel cancers and may help patients live longer.
• Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed small bowel adenocarcinoma. Ampullary adenocarcinomas are not eligible. Patients must have metastatic disease or locally advanced unresectable disease
• Brain metastases are allowed if they have been adequately treated with radiotherapy or surgery and stable for at least 30 days prior to registration. Patients must be neurologically asymptomatic and without corticosteroid treatment for at least 7 days prior to registration
• Patients must have measurable or non-measurable disease. All scans needed for assessment of measurable disease must be performed within 28 days prior to registration. Non-measurable disease must be assessed within 42 days prior to registration. All disease must be assessed and documented on the Baseline Tumor Assessment Form
• Patients must have progressed on prior therapy with a fluoropyrimidine and/or oxaliplatin, given either for metastatic/locally advanced disease or as adjuvant therapy completed within the previous 12 months
• Patients must have completed prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiation therapy at least 14 days prior to registration and all toxicity must be resolved to grade 1 (with the exception of grade 2 neuropathy) prior to registration. In Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 grade 2 sensory neuropathy is defined as "moderate symptoms; limiting instrumental activities of daily living (ADLs)"
• Patients must have a complete medical history and physical exam within 28 days prior to registration
• Patients must have a Zubrod performance status of 0 or 1
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL (must be obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
• Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (must be obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
• A total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional limit normal (IULN) (must be obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
• Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) and serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 3.0 x IULN (or 5.0 x IULN if liver metastases are present) (must be obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
• Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x IULN OR calculated creatinine clearance >= 40 mL/min (must have been obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
• Patient must have urinary protein =< 1+ on dipstick or routine urinalysis (UA) within 28 days prior to registration. If dipstick or routine analysis is >= 2+, a 24 - hour urine collections for protein must demonstrate < 1000 mg of protein in 24 hours
• Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial
• Patients must not have known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency
• Patients must be offered the opportunity to participate in specimen banking
• Patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines
• Patients must not have received prior treatment with irinotecan, taxane, or ramucirumab for small bowel adenocarcinoma
• Patients must not have had major surgery within 28 days prior to registration, or minor surgery within 7 days prior to registration, and must not be planned for elective major surgery to be performed during protocol treatment
• Patients must not be currently enrolled in or have discontinued within the last 28 days a clinical trial involving an investigational product or non-approved use of a drug, or concurrently enrolled in any other type of medical research judged not to be scientifically or medically compatible with this study. Patients participating in surveys or observational studies are eligible to participate in this study
• Patients must not be receiving chronic antiplatelet therapy, including dipyridamole or clopidogrel, or similar agents
• Patient must not have a known bleeding diathesis
• Patient must not have uncontrolled or poorly-controlled hypertension (> 160 mmHg systolic or > 100 mg HG diastolic for > 4 weeks) despite standard medical management
• Patient tumors must not have known deficient mismatch repair (dMMR) or microsatellite instability high (MSI-H)
• Patients must not be pregnant or nursing and must have had a negative pregnancy test within 4 weeks of starting treatment. Women/men of reproductive potential must have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method. A woman is considered to be of "reproductive potential" if she has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months. In addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes heterosexual celibacy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) defined as a hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral tubal ligation. However, if at any point a previously celibate patient chooses to become heterosexually active during the time period for use of contraceptive measures outlined in the protocol, he/she is responsible for beginning contraceptive measures
• Patients must not have an active infection requiring systemic therapy
• Patient must not have liver dysfunctions manifested by either (1) Child-Pugh B (or worse) or (2) cirrhosis (any degree) and a history of hepatic encephalopathy or clinically meaningful ascites resulting from cirrhosis. Clinically meaningful ascites is defined as ascites from cirrhosis requiring diuretics or paracentesis
• Patients must not have a history of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), or any other significant thromboembolism (venous port or catheter thrombosis or superficial venous thrombosis are not considered "significant") during the 90 days prior to registration
• Patients must not have experienced any arterial thrombotic event (including but not limited to myocardial infarction, unstable angina, stable angina markedly limiting ordinary physical activity, cerebrovascular accident, or transient ischemic attack) within 120 days prior to registration
• Patients must not have a prior history of gastrointestinal (GI) perforation/fistula or other risk factors for perforation within 120 days prior to registration
• Patients must not have experienced any grade 3-4 GI bleeding within 90 days prior to registration
• Patient must not have experienced any serious or non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture within 28 days prior to registration
Enasidenib for the Treatment of Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients With an IDH2 Mutation
This trial studies the side effects of enasidenib and to see how well it works in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia that has come back after treatment (relapsed) or has been difficult to treat with chemotherapy (refractory). Patients must also have a specific genetic change, also called a mutation, in a protein called IDH2. Enasidenib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking the mutated IDH2 protein, which is needed for cell growth.
• Patients must be >= 24 months and < 21 years of age at the time of study enrollment
• Patient must have AML with an IDH2 mutation identified from a peripheral blood or bone marrow sample at the time of diagnosis and/or relapsed/refractory disease
• Patient must have bone marrow assessment (aspiration or biopsy) with > 5% leukemic blasts by morphology and/or flow cytometry in at least one of the following clinical scenarios:
• Second or greater relapse after chemotherapy or hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT)
• Refractory after >= 2 attempts at induction therapy
• Relapsed patients
• Must not have received prior re-induction therapy for this relapse
• Each block of chemotherapy (i.e., cytarabine, daunorubicin and etoposide [ADE], cytarabine and mitoxantrone [MA]) is a separate re-induction attempt
• Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) is considered a re-induction attempt
• Refractory patients
• Each attempt at induction therapy may include up to two chemotherapy courses
• Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age. Patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• Patient's current disease state must be one for which there is no known curative therapy or therapy proven to prolong survival with an acceptable quality of life
• Evaluation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is only required if there is a clinical suspicion of central nervous system (CNS) involvement by leukemia during eligibility screening. Should a patient be found to have CNS2 or CNS3 status by CSF prior to eligibility screening, patient may receive intrathecal chemotherapy > 72 hours prior to starting study drug. CNS1 status must be established before starting study drug
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anti-cancer directed therapy prior to enrollment. If after the required timeframe, the numerical eligibility criteria are met, e.g., blood count criteria, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anti-cancer agents known to be myelosuppressive. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment
• >= 14 days must have elapsed after the completion of other cytotoxic therapy with the exception of hydroxyurea. Additionally, patients must have fully recovered from all acute toxic effects of prior therapy. NOTE: Cytoreduction with hydroxyurea must be discontinued >= 24 hours prior to the start of protocol therapy
• Intrathecal chemotherapy must be completed >= 72 hours prior to the start of the first cycle of treatment
• Anti-cancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g. not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil count [ANC] counts): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1
• Corticosteroids: If used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Hematopoietic growth factors: >= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g., pegfilgrastim) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor. For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study research coordinator
• Interleukins, interferons and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): >= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors)
• Stem cell Infusions (with or without total body irradiation [TBI]):
• Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem cell infusion including donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or boost infusion:
• >= 60 days after infusion for bone marrow or stem cell transplant and
• >= 4 weeks after infusion for any stem cell infusion including DLI or boost infusion
• There must be no evidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD)
• Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: >= 42 days
• Cellular Therapy: >= 42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (e.g. modified T cells, natural killer [NK] cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
• XRT/external beam irradiation including protons: >= 14 days after local XRT; >= 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to >= 50% of the pelvis; >= 42 days if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation
• Radiopharmaceutical therapy (e.g., radiolabeled antibody, 131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine [MIBG]): >= 42 days after systemically administered radiopharmaceutical therapy
• Study-specific limitations on prior therapy: small molecule investigational agents: >= 14 days or > 5 half-lives must have elapsed from the last dose of the agent, whichever is greater
• Platelet count >= 20,000/mm^3 (may receive platelet transfusions)
• Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL at baseline (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions)
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate [GFR] >= 70 ml/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• Age: Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL)
• 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 (male and female)
• 6 to < 10 years: 1 (male and female)
• 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 (male and female)
• 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 (male); 1.4 (female)
• >= 16 years: 1.7 (male); 1.4 (female)
• Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 225 U/L. For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
• Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL
• Left ventricular ejection fraction of >= 50% by echocardiogram
• Regulatory Requirements
• All patients and/or their parents or legal authorized representatives must sign a written informed consent. Assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
• AML associated with Down syndrome or t(15;17) is not eligible for study
• Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events as seen in animal/human studies. Pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal. Males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of study therapy and for 2 months after the last dose of enasidenib. Abstinence is an acceptable method of birth control. It is not known if enasidenib is present in breast milk. Breastfeeding is not recommended during therapy or for at least 30 days after the last dose of enasidenib
• Concomitant Medications:
• Corticosteroids: Patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment are not eligible. If used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid. The use of corticosteroids to manage the side effect of IDH inhibitor-associated differentiation syndrome (IDH-DS), is permitted on study
• Investigational drugs: Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible
• Anti-cancer agents: Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible (except leukemia patients receiving hydroxyurea, which may be continued until 24 hours prior to start of protocol therapy; the use of hydroxyurea to manage the side effect of IDH-DS, is permitted on study)
• Anti-GVHD agents post-transplant: Patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible for this trial
• Patients must be able to swallow intact tablets whole or use the alternate enasidenib formulation.
• Patients with known hypersensitivity to any of the components of enasidenib are not eligible.
• Patients with prior exposure to enasidenib or another IDH2 inhibitor are not eligible.
• Patients taking the following drugs will be excluded from study entry unless these drugs are discontinued or patients are transferred to a medically acceptable alternative > 5 half-lives before the first dose of enasidenib.
• Drugs with a narrow therapeutic range that are sensitive substrates of the following cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes: CYP2C8 (e.g. paclitaxel), 2C9 (e.g. phenytoin and warfarin), 2C19 (e.g. s-mephenytoin), 2D6 (e.g. thioridazine), and 1A2 (e.g. theophylline and tizanidine).
• Breast cancer resistant protein (BCRP) transporter-sensitive substrate rosuvastatin
• Patients with the following leukemia complications are not eligible for this trial:
• No intrathecal chemotherapy is permitted on study. Prior to study enrollment, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) evaluation is only required if there is a clinical suspicion for CNS leukemia. Clinical signs of CNS leukemia (such as facial nerve palsy, brain/eye involvement or hypothalamic syndrome) are not eligible for this trial
• Immediately life-threatening, severe complications of leukemia including uncontrolled bleeding, pneumonia with hypoxia or shock, and/or disseminated intravascular coagulation
• Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation are not eligible
• Infection: Patients who have an uncontrolled infection or patients with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or active hepatitis B or C are not eligible
• Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible
Sotorasib Activity in Subjects With Advanced Solid Tumors With KRAS p.G12C Mutation (CodeBreak 101)
To evaluate the safety and tolerability of sotorasib administered in investigational regimens in adult participants with KRAS p.G12C mutant advanced solid tumors.
• Men or women greater than or equal to 18 years old.
• Pathologically documented, locally-advanced or metastatic malignancy with, KRAS p.G12C mutation identified through molecular testing performed according to in-country requirements. In the United States, this test must be performed in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-certified laboratory.
• Primary brain tumor.
• Spinal cord compression, or untreated, or symptomatic, or active brain metastases, or leptomeningeal disease from non-brain tumors.
• Myocardial infarction within 6 months of study day 1.
• Gastrointestinal (GI) tract disease causing the inability to take oral medication.
Osimertinib With or Without Bevacizumab as Initial Treatment for Patients With EGFR-Mutant Lung Cancer
This phase III trial compares the effect of bevacizumab and osimertinib combination vs. osimertinib alone for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer that has spread outside of the lungs (stage IIIB-IV) and has a change (mutation) in a gene called EGFR. The EGFR protein is involved in cell signaling pathways that control cell division and survival. Sometimes, mutations in the EGFR gene cause EGFR proteins to be made in higher than normal amounts on some types of cancer cells. This causes cancer cells to divide more rapidly. Osimertinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking EGFR that is needed for cell growth in this type of cancer. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving osimertinib with bevacizumab may control cancer for longer and help patients live longer as compared to osimertinib alone.
• Patient must have a pathologically-confirmed diagnosis of non-squamous, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
• Patient must have advanced disease, defined as - either stage IV disease, stage IIIB disease not amenable to definitive multi-modality therapy, or recurrent disease after a prior diagnosis of stage I-III disease. All staging is via the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC)/International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 8th edition staging criteria
• Patient must have somatic activating sensitizing mutation in EGFR (e.g. but not limited to Exon 19 deletion, L858R, E709X, G719X, exon 19 insertions, L861Q, S768I). Patients with non-sensitizing mutations in EGFR (EGFR exon 20 insertions) are not eligible. Test results originating from a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA)-certified or similarly accredited laboratory are acceptable; no specific assay is mandated. Plasma, cytology, or tumor tissue can be utilized for mutation testing
• Patient must not have received any prior treatment with an EGFR TKI or with an anti-VEGF agent
• Patients that have received prior radiation therapy are eligible. Radiation (limited field stereotactic radiation or conventional radiation) must have been completed at least one week prior to study drug initiation and more extensive field radiation (i.e., whole-brain radiotherapy [WBRT]) must have been completed at least two weeks prior to drug initiation
• Patient must not have any risk factors for anti-VEGF administration, specifically, hemoptysis, active cardiovascular disease, uncontrolled hypertension, significant proteinuria (screening urinalysis > 300 mg/dl) and tumor invading major blood vessels
• Patient must have measurable disease. Baseline measurements of sites of disease must be obtained within 4 weeks prior to study registration. If a potential target lesion is previously irradiated without subsequent growth and/or is radiated after the imaging from which baseline measurements are obtained, they cannot be included as target lesions, and additional target lesions are required to meet criteria for measurable disease
• Patient must not have had any prior systemic treatment for metastatic disease
• Patient must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 2
• Patient must not be pregnant or breast-feeding due to the potential harm to an unborn fetus and possible risk for adverse events in nursing infants with the treatment regimens being used
• All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 14 days prior to registration to rule out pregnancy
• A female of childbearing potential is defined as any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has achieved menarche at some point, 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 3) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
• Patient of childbearing potential and sexually active males must not expect to conceive or father children by using accepted and effective method(s) of contraception or by abstaining from sexual intercourse for 2 weeks prior to the start of treatment, while on study treatment, and for
• 6 weeks after the last dose of protocol treatment for female patients on the osimertinib (AZD9291) alone arm
• 4 months after the last dose of protocol treatment for male patients on osimertinib (AZD9291) alone arm
• 6 months after the last dose of protocol treatment for all patients on osimertinib (AZD9291) plus bevacizumab combination arm
• NOTE: Female patients should also not breastfeed while on treatment and for 6 months after the last dose bevacizumab
• Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
• Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
• Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
• Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
• Total bilirubin and creatinine =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial
• For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated
• Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
• Patients with treated brain metastases are eligible if neurologically stable without glucocorticoid therapy after the stated washout period from radiation therapy (RT) or surgery provided the metastatic lesions are non-hemorrhagic
• Patients with untreated brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease are eligible if the treating physician determines that immediate CNS specific treatment is not required provided the metastatic lesions are non-hemorrhagic and are neurologically stable without glucocorticoid therapy
• Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial
• Patients with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, should have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association Functional Classification. To be eligible for this trial, patients should be class 2B or better
• Patient must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document and comply with study requirements
• Patient must not have had treatment with any investigational drug within five half-lives or 3 months (whichever is greater), prior to study initiation
• Patient must not be currently receiving (or unable to stop use prior to receiving the first dose of study treatment) medications or herbal supplements known to be strong inducers of CYP3A4. For any patient currently receiving such inducers of CYP3A4, they must discontinue use prior to first dose of study treatment. All patients must try to avoid concomitant use of any medications, herbal supplements and/or ingestion of foods with known inducer effects on CYP3A4
• Patient must not have any unresolved toxicities from prior therapy greater than Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 1 at the time of registration, with the exception of alopecia and grade 2 prior platinum-therapy-related neuropathy
• Patient must not have any evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic diseases, including uncontrolled hypertension and active bleeding diatheses, which in the investigator's opinion makes it challenging for the patient to participate in the study. Screening for chronic conditions is not required
• Patient must not have refractory nausea and vomiting, chronic gastrointestinal diseases, the inability to swallow the osimertinib tablets or previous significant bowel resection that would preclude adequate absorption of osimertinib
• Patient must not have a medical history of interstitial lung disease, drug-induced interstitial lung disease, radiation pneumonitis which required steroid treatment, or any evidence of clinically active interstitial lung disease
• Patient must not have a history of hypersensitivity to active or inactive excipients of osimertinib or drugs with a similar chemical structure or class to osimertinib
• Patient must not have mean resting corrected QT interval (QTc) > 470 msec obtained from 3 electrocardiograms (ECGs), using the screening clinic ECG machine derived QTc value (using Bazett's correction)
• Patient must not have any clinically important abnormalities in rhythm, conduction or morphology of resting ECG e.g. complete left bundle branch block, third degree heart block and second-degree heart block
• Patient must not have any factors that increase the risk of QTc prolongation or risk of arrhythmic events such as heart failure, electrolyte abnormalities (including: potassium < lower limit of normal [LLN]; magnesium < LLN; calcium < LLN), congenital long QT syndrome, family history of long QT syndrome or unexplained sudden death under 40 years of age in first degree relatives or any concomitant medication known to prolong the QT interval and cause torsades de pointes
A Study of the Drugs Selumetinib vs. Carboplatin and Vincristine in Patients With Low-Grade Glioma
This phase III trial compares the effect of selumetinib versus the standard of care treatment with carboplatin and vincristine (CV) in treating patients with newly diagnosed or previously untreated low-grade glioma (LGG) that does not have a genetic abnormality called BRAFV600E mutation and is not associated with systemic neurofibromatosis type 1. Selumetinib works by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and may kill tumor cells. Carboplatin and vincristine are chemotherapy drugs that work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. The overall goal of this study is to see if selumetinib works just as well as the standard treatment of CV for patients with LGG. Another goal of this study is to compare the effects of selumetinib versus CV in subjects with LGG to find out which is better. Additionally, this trial will also examine if treatment with selumetinib improves the quality of life for subjects who take it.
• Patients must be >= 2 years and =< 21 years at the time of enrollment
• Patients must have a body surface area (BSA) of >= 0.5 m^2 at enrollment
• Patients must have non-neurofibromatosis type 1 (non-NF1) low-grade glioma (LGG) without a BRAFV600E mutation as confirmed by Rapid Central Pathology and Molecular Screening Reviews performed on APEC14B1 (NCT02402244) and that has not been treated with any modality besides surgery. Note: Patients may be newly-diagnosed OR previously diagnosed, and there is no required time frame between biopsy/surgery and treatment initiation.
• Patients with residual tumor after resection or progressive tumor after initial diagnosis (with or without surgery) who have not received treatment (chemotherapy and/or radiation) are eligible
• Patients must have two-dimensional measurable tumor >= 1 cm^2 to be eligible
• Eligible histologies will include all tumors considered low-grade glioma or low-grade astrocytoma (World Health Organization [WHO] grade I and II) by 5th edition WHO classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors with the exception of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma
• Patients with metastatic disease or multiple independent primary LGG are eligible
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• Age: Maximum Serum Creatinine (mg/dL)
• 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 mg/dL (male); 0.8 mg/dL (female)
• 6 to < 10 years: 1 mg/dL (male); 1 mg/dL (female)
• 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 mg/dL (male); 1.2 mg/dL (female)
• 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 mg/dL (male); 1.4 mg/dL (female)
• >= 16 years: 1.7 mg/dL (male); 1.4 mg/dL (female)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment) (children with a diagnosis of Gilbert's syndrome will be allowed on study regardless of their total and indirect [unconjugated] bilirubin levels as long as their direct [conjugated] bilirubin is < 3.1 mg/dL)
• Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment). For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
• Albumin >= 2 g/dL (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 53% (or institutional normal; if the LVEF result is given as a range of values, then the upper value of the range will be used) by echocardiogram (performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment)
• Corrected QT (QTc) interval =< 450 msec by electrocardiography (EKG) (performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment)
• Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/uL (unsupported) (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Platelets >= 100,000/uL (unsupported) (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (may be supported) (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Patients with a known seizure disorder should be stable and should not have experienced a significant increase in seizure frequency within 2 weeks prior to enrollment
• Patients 2-17 years of age must have a blood pressure that is =< 95th percentile for age, height, and gender at the time of enrollment (with or without the use of anti-hypertensive medications)
• Patients >= 18 years of age must have a blood pressure =< 130/80 mmHg at the time of enrollment (with or without the use of anti-hypertensive medications)
• Note for patients of all ages: Adequate blood pressure can be achieved using medication for the treatment of hypertension
• All patients must have ophthalmology toxicity assessments performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• For all patients, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain (with orbital cuts for optic pathway tumors) and/or spine (depending on the site(s) of primary disease) with and without contrast must be performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
• Patients must have the ability to swallow whole capsules
• All patients have signed an appropriate consent form and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) authorization form (if applicable)
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All patients have been consented and enrolled on APEC14B1 (NCT02402244) followed by enrollment on the ACNS1833 Pre-Enrollment Eligibility Screening (Step 0) on the same day to complete the Rapid Central Review
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
• Patients must not have received any prior tumor-directed therapy including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or bone marrow transplant. Prior surgical intervention is permitted
• Patients with a concurrent malignancy or history of treatment (other than surgery) for another tumor within the last year are ineligible
• Patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine tumors as seen on MRI (> 2/3 of pons involvement on imaging) are not eligible even if biopsy reveals grade I/II histology
• Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
• Patients with any serious medical or psychiatric illness/condition, including substance use disorders or ophthalmological conditions, likely in the judgment of the investigator to interfere or limit compliance with study requirements/treatment
• Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, are not able to comply with the study procedures are not eligible
• Female patients who are pregnant are not eligible since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs. A pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants are not eligible
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation and for 12 weeks after stopping study therapy are not eligible.
• Note: Women of child-bearing potential and males with sexual partners who are pregnant or who could become pregnant (i.e., women of child-bearing potential) should use effective methods of contraception for the duration of the study and for 12 weeks after stopping study therapy to avoid pregnancy and/or potential adverse effects on the developing embryo
• Known genetic disorder that increases risk for coronary artery disease. Note: The presence of dyslipidemia in a family with a history of myocardial infarction is not in itself an exclusion unless there is a known genetic disorder documented
• Symptomatic heart failure
• New York Health Association (NYHA) class II-IV prior or current cardiomyopathy
• Severe valvular heart disease
• History of atrial fibrillation
• Current or past history of central serous retinopathy
• Current or past history of retinal vein occlusion or retinal detachment
• Patients with uncontrolled glaucoma
• If checking pressure is clinically indicated, patients with intraocular pressure (IOP) > 22 mmHg or ULN adjusted by age are not eligible
• Supplementation with vitamin E greater than 100% of the daily recommended dose. Any multivitamin containing vitamin E must be stopped prior to study enrollment even if less than 100% of the daily recommended dosing for vitamin E
• Surgery within 2 weeks prior to enrollment, with the exception of surgical biopsy, placement of a vascular access device or cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) diverting procedure such as endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt.
• Note: Patients must have healed from any prior surgery
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
Lower-Dose Chemoradiation in Treating Patients With Early-Stage Anal Cancer, the DECREASE Study
This phase II trial studies how well lower-dose chemotherapy plus radiation (chemoradiation) therapy works in comparison to standard-dose chemoradiation in treating patients with early-stage anal cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as mitomycin, fluorouracil, and capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells. This study may help doctors find out if lower-dose chemoradiation is as effective and has fewer side effects than standard-dose chemoradiation, which is the usual approach for treatment of this cancer type.
• Patient must have histologically proven T1-2N0M0 invasive anal canal or anal margin squamous cell carcinoma with tumors measuring =< 4 cm within 4 weeks prior to randomization. This may include tumors of non-keratinizing histology such as basaloid, transitional cell or cloacogenic histology. Patients with T1N0M0 anal margin squamous cell carcinoma who underwent surgical excision with negative margins are not eligible
• Patients who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative must not have lymph nodes that are radiographically-concerning for cancer involvement using computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET)/CT-based criteria. Measurable disease is not required
• Patients who are HIV-negative and do not have lymph nodes classified as lymph node positive, but are felt to be borderline for cancer involvement must undergo central imaging review
• NOTE: Patients requiring central imaging review will be pre-registered to Arm S. Upon central confirmation of no lymph node involvement, eligible patients may proceed to randomization on Step 1
• Patients will be considered to be lymph node (LN) positive and thereby not eligible in this study if the lymph nodes meet any of the following criteria:
• Mesorectal, presacral, internal iliac or obturator LN with:
• Short axis measuring > 5 mm based on CT / magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) OR
• Morphologic features of irregular border or central necrosis if assessed on MRI and LN measures > 3 mm OR
• Fludeoxyglucose F-18 (FDG) uptake > blood pool (Deauville 3-5) based on PET/CT
• External Iliac and common Iliac:
• Short-axis measuring > 1 cm based on CT / MRI OR
• Morphologic features of irregular border or central necrosis based on CT / MRI OR
• FDG uptake > blood pool (Deauville 3-5) based on PET/CT
• Inguinal LN (superficial and deep) meeting any of the following criteria will be ineligible unless an FNA is performed and resulting cytology is negative.
• Morphologic features of irregular border or central necrosis based on CT / MRI
• FDG uptake > liver (Deauville 4) based on PET/CT.
• Patients who are HIV-negative and have inguinal lymph nodes that do not meet the above criteria must undergo fine needle aspiration and have negative histology to be eligible.
• Patients who are HIV-positive must have
• A CD4 count >= 300
• Confirmation of no lymph node involvement by central real-time review of imaging
• NOTE: Patients will be pre-registered to Arm S. Upon central confirmation of no lymph node involvement, eligible patients may proceed to randomization on Step 1
• Patient must have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) - American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN) performance status of 0-2
• Patient must have no history of prior radiation or chemotherapy for this malignancy
• Patient must not have had prior potentially curative surgery (i.e. abdominal-perineal resection) for carcinoma of the anus
• Patients with excisional biopsy procedure are eligible provided there was tumor involvement of the anal canal and/or anal verge prior to resection
• Patient must not be receiving any other standard anti-cancer therapy or experimental agent concurrently with the study drugs
• Patient must not have intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection or psychiatric/social situations that, in the judgement of the investigator, would limit compliance with study requirements
• Patient must not have had significant cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction, unstable angina, stroke, transient ischemic attack, symptomatic coronary artery disease, symptomatic congestive heart failure, or uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia within 6 months of randomization
• Patient must not have a history of a different malignancy unless they have been disease-free for at least 2 years and are deemed by the investigator to be at low risk of recurrence
• Individuals with the following cancers are eligible if diagnosed and treated within the past 5 years: cervical cancer in situ and basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
• Patient must not have active autoimmune or connective disease
• Patients who are on anti-coagulation with warfarin within 2 weeks prior to registration and are considering the use of capecitabine, must use an alternative anti-coagulant
• NOTE: Low molecular weight heparin is permitted provided the patient's prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) is < 1.5
• Patients who will receive capecitabine and are on Dilantin for a seizure disorder must have Dilantin levels checked weekly
• Hemoglobin > 10 g/dL (within 2 weeks prior to registration)
• Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3 (within 2 weeks prior to registration)
• Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500/mm^3 (within 2 weeks prior to registration)
• Serum creatinine must be < 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN), or calculated creatinine clearance must be > 60 ml/min (within 2 weeks prior to registration)
• Total bilirubin must be < 2 X ULN (within 2 weeks prior to registration)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 X institutional ULN (within 2 weeks prior to registration)
• Albumin >= 3.0 g/dL (within 2 weeks prior to registration)
• Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding because the study treatment administered may cause harm to an unborn fetus or breastfeeding child. All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy. A female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has achieved menarche at some point, 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
• Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must be strongly advised to use accepted and effective method(s) of contraception or to abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study and for at least 6 months after the completion of treatment
Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of a Monoclonal Antibody Specific to B-and T-Lymphocyte Attenuator (BTLA) as Monotherapy and in Combination With an Anti-PD1 Monoclonal Antibody for Injection in Subjects With Advanced Malignancies
The primary objective is to assess the safety and tolerability of TAB004 as monotherapy and in combination with toripalimab in subjects with selected advanced solid malignancies, including lymphoma, and to evaluate the recommended Phase 2 dose. The secondary objectives are to: 1) describe the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of TAB004 monotherapy and in combination with toripalimab and to describe the PK profile of toripalimab when administered with TAB004, 2) evaluate antitumor activity of TAB004 monotherapy and in combination with toripalimab; and 3) determine the immunogenicity of TAB004 monotherapy and in combination with toripalimab and to determine the immunogenicity of toripalimab when administered with TAB004. The exploratory objectives are to: 1) evaluate pharmacodynamic effects of TAB004 on its target receptor BTLA, as well as effects on the immune system; 2) evaluate biomarkers that may correlate with activity of TAB004 as monotherapy and in combination with toripalimab; 3) evaluate the utility of BTLA ligand, herpesvirus-entry mediator (HVEM), and additional exploratory biomarkers that could aid in selection of appropriate subjects for TAB004 monotherapy and in combination with toripalimab.
• 1. Able to understand and willing to sign the Informed Consent Form;
• 2. Male or female ≥ 18 years;
• 3. Subjects with histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced unresectable or metastatic solid tumor, including lymphoma that have progressed following prior treatment. In Part A, subjects must have received, or be ineligible for or intolerant of all available approved or standard therapies known to confer clinical benefit including immunotherapy, or for whom no standard therapy exists; in Part B, subjects with advanced or metastatic solid tumors, including but not limited to lymphoma, melanoma, NSCLC, or other tumors with agreement of the Sponsor, who must have received at least one line of therapy for advanced or metastatic disease, but are not required to have received all standard therapies known to confer clinical benefit; In Part C, subjects must have received at least one line of therapy for advanced or metastatic disease but are not required to have received all standard therapies known to confer clinical benefit; In Part D, subjects with advanced or metastatic solid tumors that may include but not limited to lymphoma, melanoma, NSCLC, RCC or UC who must have received at least one line of therapy for advanced or metastatic disease, but are not required to have received all standard therapies known to confer clinical benefit.
• 4. Measurable disease per RECISTv1.1 and iRECIST, or RECIL 2017 for lymphoma
• 5. ECOG performance status of 0 or 1 with life expectancy of 3 months in the opinion of the investigator.
• 6. Adequate organ and marrow function, as defined below:
• Hemoglobin 8.0 g/dL within first 2 weeks prior to first dose of TAB004 (are not requiring a transfusion within 14 days prior to dosing)
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) 1.0 x 109 /L (1,000 /mm3)
• Absolute lymphocyte count ≥ 0.6 x 109/L (600/mm3)
• Platelet count 75 x 109 /L (75,000 /mm3), and not requiring platelet transfusions within the 5 days prior to dosing
• Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN except subjects with documented Gilbert's syndrome who must have a baseline total bilirubin ≤ 3.0 mg/dL
• Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 x ULN; for subjects with hepatic metastases, ALT and AST ≤ 5 x ULN
• Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN OR calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) or 24 hour urine CrCl ≥ 40 mL/minute Cockcroft-Gault formula will be used to calculate CrCl. 24-hour urine CrCl will be derived using the measured creatinine clearance formula
• International normalized ratio (INR) ≤ 2.0 and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ≤ 1.5 x ULN; applies only to subjects who do not receive therapeutic anticoagulation; subjects receiving therapeutic anticoagulation (such as low-molecular weight heparin or warfarin) should be on a stable dose
• 7. Willingness to provide consent for biopsy samples (In Part A, fresh pre-treatment biopsies will be requested from subjects with safely accessible lesions. For subjects who cannot provide a fresh pre-treatment biopsy, request for the most recent accessible archival specimen will be required. In Part B, C and D, fresh pre-treatment biopsies will be required from subjects with safely accessible lesions. The most recent archival specimens will also be requested).
• 8. Females of childbearing potential who are sexually active with a nonsterilized male partner must use effective contraception from time of screening, and must agree to continue using such precautions for 90 days after the final dose of TAB004 or toripalimab; cessation of birth control after this point should be discussed with a responsible physician. Periodic abstinence, the rhythm method, and the withdrawal method are not acceptable methods of birth control.
• 9. Females of childbearing potential are defined as those who are not surgically sterile (i.e., bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, or complete hysterectomy) or postmenopausal (defined as at least 12 months with no menses confirmed by follicle-stimulating hormone [FSH] levels. FSH testing will be conducted at the Screening visit to confirm post-menopausal status).
• 10. Subjects must use effective contraception. Nonsterilized males who are sexually active with a female partner of childbearing potential must use effective contraception from Day 1 and for 90 days after receipt of the final dose of TAB004 or toripalimab.
• 1. Concurrent enrollment in another clinical study, unless it is an observational (non interventional) clinical study or the follow-up period of an interventional study.
• 2. Any concurrent anti-cancer therapy, such as but not limited to chemotherapy, targeted therapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, or biologic therapy. Radiation treatment for palliative intent is allowed provided that lesions other than those receiving radiation are available to measure response. Concurrent use of hormones for non-cancer-related conditions (e.g., insulin for type 2 diabetes and hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable. Note: Local treatment of isolated lesions for palliative intent is acceptable (e.g., by local surgery or radiotherapy).
• 3. Receipt of any investigational anticancer therapy within 28 days prior to the first dose of TAB004 or, provided documentable, 5 half lives whichever is shorter, except for lymphoma in which the exclusionary period is 2 weeks for immune checkpoint inhibitors only.
• 4. Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of TAB004, with the exception of intranasal and inhaled corticosteroids or systemic corticosteroids not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent.
• 5. Prior exposure to anti-BTLA, or anti-HVEM antibodies for subjects enrolled into Part A and B only; prior treatment with anti-PD-1 or anti-PDL-1is allowed,including toripalimab for all subjects.
• 6. Prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or prior solid organ transplantation.
• 7. Subjects with another malignancy, or history or other malignancy within 3 years that is not expected to relapse. Subjects with non-melanomatous skin cancer or cervical cancer that has been curatively surgically resected are eligible.
• 8. Major surgery (as defined by the investigator) within 28 days prior to first dose of TAB004 or has not recovered to at least Grade 1 from adverse effects from such procedure, or anticipation of the need for major surgery during study treatment.
• 9. Unresolved toxicities from prior anticancer therapy, defined as having not resolved to baseline or to NCI-CTCAE v5.0 Grade 0 or 1, or to levels dictated in the inclusion/exclusion criteria with the exception of neuropathies that are stable or improving and alopecia. Subjects with irreversible toxicity that is not reasonably expected to be exacerbated by TAB004 may be included (e.g., hearing loss) after consultation with the medical monitor.
• 10. Active or prior documented autoimmune disease, such as but not limited to systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic sclerosis, autoimmune vasculitis, autoimmune neuropathies or type 1 insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Note: Subjects with the following are not excluded: vitiligo; alopecia; Grave's disease not requiring systemic treatment other than thyroid hormone replacement (within the past 2 years) psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment; controlled celiac disease; subjects with a history of autoimmune hypothyroidism requiring only thyroid hormone replacement therapy; And type 2 diabetes, provided that it is adequately controlled.
• 11. Clinically significant (intracranial, gastrointestinal) bleeding within 2 weeks prior to screening.
• 12. Known history of tuberculosis.
• 13. Subjects with history of or current drug-induced interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis ≥ Grade 2.
• 14. Subjects who have discontinued prior immune therapy due to immune mediated adverse reaction(s).
• 15. Subjects who are known to be human immunodeficiency virus positive.
• 16. Subjects with evidence of hepatitis B or C virus infection, unless their hepatitis is considered to have been cured. (Note that subjects with prior hepatitis B virus infection must have HBV viral load < 100 IU/mL before study enrollment, and must be treated according to local standards; hepatitis C virus infection must have, before study enrollment, no detectable viral load and must be treated according to local standards).
• 17. Active or prior documented inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis). Infection-related bowel inflammation, such as Clostridium difficile colitis, is not excluded provided that it has been fully resolved for ≥ 6 weeks.
• 18. History of anaphylaxis, or eczema that cannot be controlled with topical corticosteroids asthma.
• 19. Adult asthma that is moderate or severe, or asthma that has required: hospitalization in the last 2 years; invasive mechanical ventilation ever; systemic corticosteroids in the past year for exacerbations; or more than two short acting beta agonist (e.g., albuterol) administrations per month for breakthrough asthma symptoms. A history of childhood asthma or the presence of mild adult asthma that at baseline has symptoms that can be controlled well with inhaled corticosteroids or short acting beta agonists will not be excluded.
• 20. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure according to New York Heart Association Functional Classification ≥ 3, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements, substantially increase risk of incurring adverse events from TAB004, or compromise the ability of the subject to give written informed consent.
• 21. Untreated central nervous system and leptomeningeal metastases or requiring ongoing treatment for these metastases, including corticosteroids. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are clinically stable for at least 28 days prior to study entry, have no evidence of new or enlarging metastases, and are off steroids.
• 22. Receipt of live attenuated vaccination within 28 days prior to study entry or within 30 days of receiving TAB004.
• 23. Any condition or treatment or diagnostic test that, in the opinion of the investigator or sponsor, would interfere with evaluation of TAB004 or interpretation of subject safety or study results.
• 24. Pregnancy or breast feeding women.
Testing the Addition of the Drug Apalutamide to the Usual Hormone Therapy and Radiation Therapy After Surgery for Prostate Cancer (INNOVATE)
This phase III trial studies whether adding apalutamide to the usual treatment improves outcome in patients with lymph node positive prostate cancer after surgery. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-ray to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Androgens, or male sex hormones, can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Drugs, such as apalutamide, may help stop or reduce the growth of prostate cancer cell growth by blocking the attachment of androgen to its receptors on cancer cells, a mechanism similar to stopping the entrance of a key into its lock. Adding apalutamide to the usual hormone therapy and radiation therapy after surgery may stabilize prostate cancer and prevent it from spreading and extend time without disease spreading compared to the usual approach.
• Pathologically (histologically) proven diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma. Any type of radical prostatectomy is permitted, including retropubic, perineal, laparoscopic or robotically assisted
• Any T-stage is eligible (American Joint Committee on Cancer [AJCC] 8th edition [ed])
• Appropriate stage for study entry based on fluciclovine F-18 positron emission tomography (PET) scan (FACBC, Axumin) within 90 days prior to registration that is negative for distant metastatic (M1a, M1b, M1c) disease; Note that though every effort should be made to obtain a fluciclovine F-18 PET (FACBC, Axumin) scan; however, if the patient has already had a recent F-18 PSMA PET (PyLarify) scan or gallium Ga 68-labeled PSMA-11 (Ga-68 PSMA) PET scan or C-11 or F-18 choline PET scan within 90 days prior to registration (to include scan report) then repeat molecular imaging with a fluciclovine F-18 PET (FACBC, Axumin) scan will not be required.
• Pathologically node positive disease with nodal involvement only in the pelvis in the prostatectomy specimen (including external iliacs, internal iliacs, and/or obturator nodes); peri-prostatic and peri-rectal nodes can also be considered regional lymphadenopathy and are allowed
• History/physical examination within 90 days prior to registration
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1 within 90 days prior to registration
• Detectable PSA after radical prostatectomy. Detectable PSA is defined as serum PSA > 0 ng/mL at least 30 days after prostatectomy and within 180 days of registration and before start of GnRH agonist/antagonist
• Patients who have already started on post-prostatectomy GnRH agonist/antagonist for =< 180 days prior to registration are eligible (Note: patients who started on an oral antiandrogen are eligible if started =< 180 days and stopped prior to registration)
• Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL, independent of transfusion and/or growth factors (within 90 days prior to registration)
• Platelet count >= 100,000 x 10^9/uL independent of transfusion and/or growth factors (within 90 days prior to registration)
• Serum potassium >= 3.5 mmol/L within 90 days prior to registration
• Creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 30 mL/min estimated by Cockcroft-Gault (please use actual weight for calculation unless greater than 30% above ideal body weight then use the adjusted body weight) (within 90 days prior to registration)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (Note: In subjects with Gilbert's syndrome, if total bilirubin is > 1.5 x ULN, measure direct and indirect bilirubin and if direct bilirubin is =< 1.5 x ULN, subject is eligible) (within 90 days prior to registration)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN (within 90 days prior to registration)
• Serum albumin >= 3.0 g/dL (within 90 days prior to registration)
• Discontinue or substitute concomitant medications known to lower the seizure threshold at least 30 days prior to registration
• The patient must agree to use a condom (even men with vasectomies) and another effective method of birth control if he is having sex with a woman of childbearing potential or agree to use a condom if he is having sex with a woman who is pregnant while on study drug and for 3 months following the last dose of study drug
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial and have a CD4 count >= 200 cells/microliter within 30 days prior to registration. Note: HIV testing is not required for eligibility for this protocol
• For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy within 30 days prior to registration, if indicated. Note: HBV viral testing is not required for eligibility for this protocol
• Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load within 30 days prior to registration
• Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial. Note: Any patient with a cancer (other than keratinocyte carcinoma or carcinoma in situ) who has no evidence of disease for < 3 years must contact the principal investigator, Ronald Chen, Doctor of Medicine (MD)
• The patient or a legally authorized representative must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry
• Definitive radiologic evidence of metastatic disease (M1a, M1b or M1c) on molecular imaging (e.g. fluciclovine F-18 PET, F-18 PSMA, PSMA, F-18 choline 11)
• Prior systemic chemotherapy for the study cancer; note that prior chemotherapy for a different cancer is allowed (completed > 3 years prior to registration)
• Prior radiotherapy to the region of the study cancer that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields
• Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) prior to radical prostatectomy
• Prior treatment with androgen receptor signaling inhibitor (including but not exclusive to a growing list of: abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide, apalutamide, darolutamide), unless started =< 180 days and stopped prior to registration, which is allowed
• Current use of 5-alpha reductase inhibitor. NOTE: if the alpha reductase inhibitor is stopped prior to randomization the patient is eligible
• History of any of the following:
• Seizure or known condition that may pre-dispose to seizure (e.g. prior stroke within 1 year prior to registration, brain arteriovenous malformation, Schwannoma, meningioma, or other benign central nervous system [CNS] or meningeal disease which may require treatment with surgery or radiation therapy)
• Severe or unstable angina, myocardial infarction, arterial or venous thromboembolic events (e.g., pulmonary embolism, cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attacks), or clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias within 12 months prior to registration
• New York Heart Association functional classification III/IV (Note: Patients with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, should have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association functional classification.)
• History of any condition that in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in this study
• Current evidence of any of the following:
• Known gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption of oral medications
• Active uncontrolled infection
• Presence of uncontrolled hypertension (persistent systolic blood pressure [BP] >= 160 mmHg or diastolic BP >= 100 mmHg). Subjects with a history of hypertension are allowed, provided that BP is controlled to within these limits by anti-hypertensive treatment
• Any chronic medical condition requiring a higher dose of corticosteroid than 10 mg prednisone/prednisolone once daily
• Baseline moderate and severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class B & C)
• Inability to swallow oral pills
• Any current condition that in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in this study
• Patients must not plan to participate in any other therapeutic clinical trials while receiving treatment on this study
• Patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Metformin in Alzheimer's Dementia Prevention (MAP)
MAP will be a multisite phase II/III 1:1 randomized controlled trial (RCT) of long acting metformin (reduced mass Glucophage XR) vs. matching placebo in 326 men and women with early and late aMCI, without diabetes, not treated with metformin, overweight or obese, aged 55 years to 90 years. The RCT will last 18 months and have 4 visits: baseline, 6-months, 12-months, and 18-months. The RCT will be preceded by a screening phase followed by randomization and a titration period in which drug/placebo will be titrated from 500 mg a day (one tablet) to 2,000 mg a day (4 tablets), in increments of 500 mg (one tablet) every 10 days. Participants will remain in the RCT on the tolerated dose, and included in analyses on an intent to treat basis. We expect the attrition rate to be 10%/year. Neuropsychological battery, clinical interviews, physical exam, and phlebotomy will be conducted at baseline and every 6 months. Brain MRI will be conducted in approximately half of the participants (186) twice, at baseline, and after the last study visit at month 18. We will also conduct brain amyloid Positron Emission Tomography (PET) using 18F-Florbetaben, and tau PET using 18F-MK6240 in half of the participants at baseline and end of the RCT. The primary clinical outcome of the study will be changes in the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test. The secondary clinical outcome will be changes in the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study Preclinical Alzheimer's Cognitive Composite. Secondary subclinical outcomes will be changes in cortical thickness AD signature areas, changes in white matter hyperintensity volume, changes in brain amyloid burden, changes in brain tau burden, and changes in plasma biomarkers of amyloid, tau, and neurodegeneration. The data coordinating center and Imaging Core is located at John Hopkins University. The PET coordinating center is located at UC-Berkeley. The Clinical Coordinating and Monitoring Center and the central laboratory will be located at Columbia. The Research pharmacy function will be shared by the University of Rochester, which will dispense randomization kits, and the University of Iowa, which will receive bulk metformin and identical matching placebo from EMD Serono.
• Participants must have subjective memory concern reported by participant, study partner, or clinician.
• A mini-mental state exam between ≥ 22 for subjects with more than 8 years of education. For subjects with less than 8 years of education, a MMSE ≥ 20 will be allowed.
• Clinical Dementia Rating 0.5. The memory box score must be at least 0.5.
• General cognition and functional performance sufficiently preserved such that a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease cannot be made by the site physician at the time of the screening visit.
• Abnormal memory function documented by scoring within the education adjusted ranges on the Logical Memory II subscale (Delayed Paragraph Recall, Paragraph A only) from the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised.
• For early MCI:
• 9-11 for 16 or more years of education
• 5-9 for 8-15 years of education
• 3-6 for 0-7 years of education
• For late MCI
• ≤ 8 for 16 or more years of education
• ≤ 4 for 8-15 years of education
• ≤ 2 for 0-7 years of education
• Age range: 55 years to 90 years.
• Sex distribution: all eligible men and women will be included and no one will be excluded because of gender.
• Languages: fluent in English or Spanish. We have reliable, well-validated Spanish tests for all outcome measures.
• Participants without a known history of diabetes. If diabetes is diagnosed during screening (hemoglobin A1c of 6.5 % or greater) they will also be excluded. The main justification for this exclusion is the potential for these participants to be placed on other diabetes medications that may confound our study.
• General cognition and functional performance such that a diagnosis of dementia cannot be made at the time of screening based on DSM-V criteria.
• Vision and hearing must be sufficient for compliance with testing procedures.
• Must have an informant to come to all appointments or be available by telephone at follow-up visits. Study Partner Inclusion Criteria
• The study partner can provide an independent evaluation of functioning for a person enrolled in the MAP study as a participant
• The study partner agrees to attend study visits with the MAP participant or be available by telephone.
• Use of metformin for any indication.
• Body mass index < 20 k/m2.
• Metformin is contraindicated in persons with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of less than 30 mL/min. For persons with an eGFR of 30 to 45 mL/min, a reduction of the dose or discontinuation of the medication is recommended for those on metformin; in this range, it is also recommended that persons do not initiate metformin. Thus, participants with eGFR < 45 mL/min will not be eligible to participate.
• The risk of lactic acidosis is increased in persons with liver disease and class III or IV congestive heart failure. Thus, persons with liver disease other than non-fatty liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis) or class III or IV congestive heart failure will not be eligible to participate due to the risks of side effects.
• A history of intolerance to metformin used for indications other than diabetes.
• History of cerebrovascular accident with residual neurological deficits.
• Moderate to severe depression, indicated by a score in the Geriatric Depression Scale of 9/15 or higher.
• Dementia diagnosis
• Lack of capacity to consent
• Participants with neurologic diseases associated with neurologic deficits on clinical examination.
• Participants with other current Axis I psychiatric diagnoses such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia.
• Alcohol or substance abuse or dependence in the past 6 months.
• Use of medications rated as being the likely cause of cognitive impairment. These include benzodiazepines in dose equivalents greater than 2 mg daily of lorazepam, and regular use of prescription narcotics.
• Normal individuals without cognitive complaints.
• Participants with uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥ 160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 95 mmHg).
• Participants with active cancer or a history of cancer within the last two years, with the exception of squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin.
• Participants who for any reason may not complete the study as judged by the study physician.
• Participants planning to move to another city or state within the next 24 months.
• Participants with a known history of diabetes. The rationale for this exclusion is persons with diabetes may already be on metformin or on other medications that increase insulin levels and could confound the trial.
• Participants with diabetes discovered on screening based on American Diabetes Association criteria using HbA1c (HbA1c of 6.5% or greater). Although metformin could be a first treatment of diabetes for these participants, addition of treatments for diabetes by physicians could confound the study.
• Use of aducanumab (Aduhelm™) of any other amyloid modifying treatment for AD.
• Not able to undergo phlebotomy as reported by the participant or determined by the study coordinator or physician.
• Participants with known, suspected, or plan for becoming pregnant. Exclusion Criteria for MRI Contraindications for MRI include inability to lie flat, claustrophobia, or presence of indwelling metal objects or implants that are not MRI compatible. Exclusion Criteria for PET History of adverse reactions to radiocontrast agents.
A Study of Repotrectinib in Pediatric and Young Adult Subjects Harboring ALK, ROS1, OR NTRK1-3 Alterations
Phase 1 will evaluate the safety and tolerability at different dose levels of repotrectinib in pediatric and young adult subjects with advanced or metastatic malignancies harboring anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), receptor tyrosine kinase encoded by the gene ROS1 (ROS1), or neurotrophic receptor kinase genes encoding TRK kinase family (NTRK1-3) alterations to estimate the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) or Maximum Administered Dose (MAD) and select the Pediatric Recommended Phase 2 Dose (RP2D). Phase 2 will determine the anti-tumor activity of repotrectinib in pediatric subjects with advanced or metastatic malignancies harboring ALK, ROS1, or NTRK1-3 alterations.
• Documented genetic ALK, ROS1, or NTRK1-3 alteration (point mutation, fusion, amplification) as identified by local testing in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) laboratory in the US or equivalently accredited diagnostic lab outside the United States (US) is required.
• Phase 1: Age <12 years; Phase 2: Age 12- 25 years
• Prior cytotoxic chemotherapy is allowed.
• Prior immunotherapy is allowed.
• Resolution of all acute toxic effects (excluding alopecia) of any prior anti-cancer therapy to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) Version 4.03 Grade less than or equal to 1.
• All subjects must have measurable disease by RECIST v1.1 or Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology Criteria (RANO) criteria at time of enrollment.
• Subjects with a primary CNS tumor or CNS metastases must be neurologically stable on a stable or decreasing dose of steroids for at least 14 days prior to enrollment.
• Subjects must have a Lansky (< 16 years) or Karnofsky (≥ 16 years) score of at least
• 9. Life expectancy greater than or equal to 12 weeks.
• Adequate hematologic, renal and hepatic function. Phase 2
• Cohort Specific
• Cohort 1: Subjects with NTRK fusion gene positive (NTRK+) advanced solid tumors (including primary CNS tumors), that are tropomyosin receptor kinase (TRK) TKI naïve;
• Cohort 2: subjects with NTRK+ advanced solid tumors (including primary CNS tumors), that are TRK TKI pre-treated;
• Cohort 3: subjects with tumors or ALCL characterized by other ALK/ROS1/NTRK alterations or NTRK fusions without centrally confirmed measurable disease or not otherwise eligible for Cohort 1 or 2.
• Subjects in Cohorts 1 and 2 must have prospectively confirmed measurable disease by BICR prior to enrollment. Key Exclusion Criteria (Phase 1 and Phase 2):
• Subjects with neuroblastoma with only bone marrow disease evaluable by bone marrow aspiration only.
• Major surgery within 14 days (2 weeks) of start of repotrectinib treatment. Central venous access (Broviac, Mediport, etc.) placement does not meet criteria for major surgery.
• Known active infections (bacterial, fungal, viral including HIV positivity).
• Gastrointestinal disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, or short gut syndrome) or other malabsorption syndromes that would impact drug absorption.
• Any of the following cardiac criteria:
• Mean resting corrected QT interval (ECG interval measured from the onset of the QRS complex to the end of the T wave) for heart rate (QTc) > 480 msec obtained from three ECGs, using the screening clinic ECG machine-derived QTc value
• Any clinically important abnormalities in rhythm, conduction, or morphology of resting ECG (e.g., complete left bundle branch block, third degree heart block, second degree heart block, PR interval > 250 msec)
• Any factors that increase the risk of QTc prolongation or risk of arrhythmic events such as heart failure, congenital long QT syndrome, family history of long QT syndrome, or any concomitant medication known to prolong the QT interval
• Peripheral neuropathy of CTCAE ≥grade 2.
• Subjects being treated with or anticipating the need for treatment with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers.
Letrozole With or Without Paclitaxel and Carboplatin in Treating Patients With Stage II-IV Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer
This phase III trial studies how well letrozole with or without paclitaxel and carboplatin works in treating patients with stage II-IV low-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary, fallopian tube, or peritoneum. Letrozole is an enzyme inhibitor that lowers the amount of estrogen made by the body which in turn may stop the growth of tumor cells that need estrogen to grow. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving letrozole alone or in combination with paclitaxel and carboplatin works better in treating patients with low-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary, fallopian tube, or peritoneum compared to paclitaxel and carboplatin without letrozole.
• Patients must have newly diagnosed, stage II-IV low-grade serous ovarian cancer (submission of pathology report[s] required). Ovarian cancer = ovarian, fallopian tube and primary peritoneal cancers
• NOTE: Patients with a prior history of serous borderline tumors but a new diagnosis of stage II-IV low-grade serous ovarian cancer are eligible
• p53 immunohistochemistry (IHC) is required and must show nonaberrant pattern (nonaberrant p53 expression is consistent with normal/wildtype TP53)
• A copy of the pathology report that includes the diagnosis of low grade serous ovarian cancer and nonaberrant p53 IHC result must be submitted in RAVE. NOTE: If aberrant p53 expression is found on p53 IHC, the patient is NOT eligible (aberrant p53 expression is consistent with mutant TP53 and supports diagnosis of high grade serous ovarian cancer)
• Appropriate stage for study entry based on the following diagnostic workup:
• History/physical examination within 14 days prior to registration;
• Radiographic tumor assessment within 28 days prior to registration. (23-MAY-2023)
• Age >= 18
• Patients must have undergone an attempt at maximal upfront cytoreductive surgery, with either optimal (=< 1 cm diameter residual disease/nodule) or suboptimal residual disease (> 1 cm diameter residual disease/nodule) status allowed
• Patients must have undergone a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
• Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1 or 2 within 14 days prior to registration
• Patients must be within =< 8 weeks of primary cytoreductive surgery at time of randomization
• Patients must be able to take per oral (P.O.) medications
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than or equal to 1,500/mcl (within 14 days prior to registration)
• Platelets greater than or equal to 100,000 cells/mcl (within 14 days prior to registration)
• Creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (within 14 days prior to registration)
• Bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN (within 14 days prior to registration)
• Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) less than or equal to 3 x ULN (within 14 days prior to registration)
• The patient or a legally authorized representative must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry and, for patients treated in the United States (U.S.), authorization permitting release of personal health information
• Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial
• Patients may not have received neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy for the treatment of this disease
• Patients may not have received previous hormonal therapy for the treatment of this disease
• Patients with known hypersensitivity to letrozole or hypersensitivity/intolerance to carboplatin/paclitaxel therapy
• Patients with severe cardiac disease:
• Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months prior to registration
• New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II or greater congestive heart failure
• Patients with known central nervous system metastases
• Patients with active (except for uncomplicated urinary tract infection) or uncontrolled systemic infection
• Patients with >= grade 2 baseline neuropathy
• Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial
The PROspera Kidney Transplant ACTIVE Rejection Assessment Registry (ProActive) (ProActive)
The ProActive registry is a longitudinal, multi-center study with a prospective arm observing clinical care for patients receiving physician ordered Prospera, an allograft rejection test, and a historical control arm collecting data on cases at the same sites whose kidney allograft rejection status was managed with Serum Creatinine SCr/estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate eGFR. This registry will compare patient management and outcomes in patients who receive Prospera (Prospera arm) to the outcomes of the historical control group (control arm) to determine Prospera's clinical utility. High-risk subjects defined as having a biopsy-demonstrated rejection event or at least one pre-existing Donor Specific Antibody DSA with total Mean Fluorescent Intensity MFI>3000 or a calculated Panel Reactive Antibodies cPRA>70% will be followed for an additional period up to 24 months in both the Prospera arm and historical control arm.
• 18 years of age or older
• Renal allograft (kidney transplant) up to 2 years prior to signing informed consent. Newly transplanted patients to receive Prospera testing within 60 days of transplant
• A genetically different donor (not an identical twin)
• Selected by a healthcare provider to receive Prospera dd-cfDNA test according to the regular interval testing schedule as part of their practical care
• Able to read, understand and provide written informed consent
• Willing and able to comply with the study visit schedule and study requirements Exclusion Criteria Prospera Arm:
• Routine ongoing testing with another dd-cfDNA or RNA biomarker test after enrollment into the ProActive study. Receipt of another dd-cfDNA test within 30 days of a patient being enrolled in the study.
• History of another organ transplant (i.e. aside from renal allograph)
• A serious medical condition that may adversely affect ability to participate in the study (e.g, dementia, current diagnosis of cancer)
• Previously enrolled in the ProActive Registry, with the exception of a graft failure and a new renal allograft Inclusion Criteria Control Arm:
• 18 years of age or older at the time of transplant
• Had a renal allograft
• Had a genetically different donor
• Had a minimum of three evaluations per year during the three years since the renal allograft or until allograft failure Exclusion Criteria Control Arm:
• Female patients who were pregnant at any time during the 3-year historical control data collection period
• Had a transplanted organ other than kidney
• Received results from a dd-cfDNA test designed to assess renal allograft rejection during the historical control data collection period
Assessment of Safety and Effectiveness of NovoSorb® BTM in Severe Burns
This is a multi-center, pivotal study to assess the safety and effectiveness of a new method of treating severe burns using NovoSorb® Biodegradable Temporizing Matrix (BTM).
• Provide written informed consent directly or via legal representative prior to any clinical study procedures being performed
• Willing to comply with all study procedures and expects to be available for the duration of the study
• Male and females ≥ 18 years of age and ≤ 75 years of age
• Patients with deep dermal or full thickness burns between 3% and 60%, inclusive, of their total body surface area (TBSA). Types of burns include the following:
• Scalding including from hot water, cooking oil, grease
• Subjects who have staged surgical procedures planned e.g., one procedure to excise the burn injury and a later procedure to prepare the wound bed and apply an autologous skin graft.
• The minimum total area across all lesions to have NovoSorb® BTM applied is 3% TBSA
• Females, who are non-pregnant, naturally postmenopausal, or who agree to use effective contraceptive methods throughout the course of the study.
• Has a known hypersensitivity to polyurethane
• Only a non-burn injury has been experienced by the subject including soft-tissue degloving and friction burn/crush, i.e., road rash
• Multiple traumas, i.e., significant traumatic injury to a solid organ in addition to skin
• Presence of a medical condition with a life expectancy of less than 12 months, such as advanced malignancy
• Presence of a medical condition that might interfere with treatment evaluation; or require a change in therapy including but not limited to, significant immune deficiency, or skin or vascular diseases in the area of the wound
• For females - has known or suspected pregnancy, planned pregnancy, or during lactation
• Has exposure to any other investigational agent within the last 6 months
• Has exposure to any other treatment/device that will interfere with NovoSorb® BTM integration
• Anticipated inability to perform wound care and follow-up procedures
• Anticipates of a level of non-compliance
• The use of off-label treatments for full-thickness / deep-dermal burns is not permitted
• Clinical signs of wound infection at areas to be potentially treated using NovoSorb® BTM that in the opinion of the investigator may compromise safety and study objectives
• The use of NovoSorb® BTM on the face and in the perineum area is not permitted
Suicide Treatment Alternatives for Teens (START)
Quasi-Randomized trial to compare inpatient care versus outpatient crisis intervention clinic. This study plans to enroll up to 1,000 participants across 4 sites in a 5 years period.
• Adolescents that are 12 through 17 years old (including 17 year olds who will turn 18 years old during the course of the study).
• Are brought to the Emergency Department (ED) due to suicidal thoughts or behaviors
• Require a higher level of care (OCIC or Inpatient) indicated by clinician determination and a CHRT-SR score of 15 to 52.
• The presence of a legal guardian
• Capable of giving signed informed consent/assent, which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the informed consent form (ICF) and in this protocol.
• Adolescents with suicidal thoughts that place themselves at a serious imminent risk of suicide based on clinical judgment.
• Adolescents who require 24 hour/day supervision but no adult can provide 24 hour/day supervision outside of the hospital
• Adolescents without the ability to read and answer survey questions
• Adolescents that are non-English speaking due to the scales and surveys that are used for this study only being available in English.
Circulating Tumor DNA Testing in Predicting Treatment for Patients With Stage IIA Colon Cancer After Surgery
This phase II/III trial studies how well circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) testing in the blood works in predicting treatment for patients with stage IIA colon cancer after surgery. ctDNA are circulating tumor cells that are shed by tumors into the blood. Finding ctDNA in the blood means that there is very likely some small amounts of cancer that remain after surgery. However, this cancer, if detected, cannot be found on other tests usually used to find cancer, as it is too small. Testing for ctDNA levels may help identify patients with colon cancer after surgery who do benefit, and those who do not benefit, from receiving chemotherapy.
• The patient must have signed and dated an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved consent form that conforms to federal and institutional guidelines.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1.
• Histologically/pathologically confirmed stage IIA adenocarcinoma of the colon (T3, N0, M0) with at least 12 lymph nodes examined at the time of surgical resection.
• Appropriate for active surveillance (i.e., no adjuvant chemotherapy) at the discretion of and as documented by the evaluating oncologist based on current practice patterns.
• The distal extent of the tumor must be >= 12 cm from the anal verge on pre-surgical endoscopy (i.e., excluding rectal adenocarcinomas warranting treatment with chemoradiation). If the patient did not undergo a pre-surgical endoscopy, then the distal extent of the tumor must be >= 12 cm from the anal verge as determined by surgical examination or pre-operative imaging.
• The patient must have had an en bloc complete gross resection of tumor (curative resection) as definitive surgical cancer treatment within 14 to 60 days of study randomization. Patients who have had a two-stage surgical procedure to first provide a decompressive colostomy and then, in a later procedure, to have the definitive surgical resection, are eligible.
• Availability and provision of adequate surgical tumor tissue for molecular diagnostics and confirmatory profiling.
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) must be >= 1200/mm^3 (within 28 days before randomization).
• Platelet count must be >= 100,000/mm^3 (within 28 days before randomization); and
• Hemoglobin must be >= 9 g/dL (within 28 days before randomization).
• Total bilirubin must be =< ULN (upper limit of normal) for the lab (within 28 days before randomization) unless the patient has a chronic grade 1 bilirubin elevation due to Gilbert?s disease or similar syndrome involving slow conjugation of bilirubin; and
• Alkaline phosphatase must be < 2.5 x ULN for the lab (within 28 days before randomization); and
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) must be < 1.5 x ULN for the lab (within 28 days before randomization).
• Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN for the lab or measured or calculated creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula for patients with creatinine levels > 1.5 x ULN for the lab (within 28 days before randomization).
• Pregnancy test (urine or serum according to institutional standard) done within 14 days before randomization must be negative (for women of childbearing potential only).
• Patients receiving a coumarin-derivative anticoagulant must agree to weekly monitoring of international normalized ratio (INR) if they are randomized to Arm 2 and receive capecitabine.
• Colon cancer histology other than adenocarcinoma (i.e., neuroendocrine carcinoma, sarcoma, lymphoma, squamous cell carcinoma, etc.).
• Pathologic, clinical, or radiologic evidence of overt metastatic disease. This includes isolated, distant, or non-contiguous intra-abdominal metastases, even if resected (including the presence of satellite nodules constituting N1c disease in the absence of lymph node involvement).
• Tumor-related bowel perforation.
• History of prior invasive colon malignancy, regardless of disease-free interval.
• History of organ transplantation.
• Any prior systemic chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or immunotherapy; or radiation therapy administered as treatment for colorectal cancer (e.g., primary rectal adenocarcinomas for which treatment with neoadjuvant chemoradiation is warranted are not permitted).
• Other invasive malignancy within 5 years before randomization. Exceptions are colonic polyps, non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ including those of the cervix and breast (DCIS).
• Synchronous primary rectal and/or colon cancers.
• Antineoplastic therapy (e.g., chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or immunotherapy) within 5 years before randomization. (For the purposes of this study, hormonal therapy is not considered chemotherapy.).
• Uncontrolled cardiac disease, in the opinion of the treating medical oncologist, that would preclude the use of any of the drugs included in the GI005 treatment regimen. This includes but is not limited to:
• Clinically unstable cardiac disease, including unstable atrial fibrillation, symptomatic bradycardia, unstable congestive heart failure, active myocardial ischemia, or indwelling temporary pacemaker.
• Ventricular tachycardia or supraventricular tachycardia that requires treatment with class Ia antiarrhythmic drugs (e.g., quinidine, procainamide, disopyramide) or class III antiarrhythmic drug (e.g., sotalol, amiodarone, dofetilide). Use of other antiarrhythmic drugs is permitted.
• Second- or third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block unless treated with a permanent pacemaker.
• Complete left bundle branch block (LBBB) unless treated with a permanent pacemaker.
• Sensory or motor neuropathy >= grade 2, according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v) 5.0.
• Active seizure disorder uncontrolled by medication.
• Active or chronic infection requiring systemic therapy.
• Known homozygous DPD (dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase) deficiency.
• Pregnancy or lactation at the time of randomization.
• Co-morbid illnesses or other concurrent disease that, in the judgement of the clinician obtaining informed consent, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study (i.e., unable to tolerate 6 months of combination chemotherapy or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens or prevent required follow-up).
• Prior testing with any available ctDNA test as part of the management of colon cancer, is not permitted.
Testing the Addition of a New Anti-cancer Drug, Radium-223 Dichloride, to the Usual Treatment (Cabozantinib) for Advanced Renal Cell Cancer That Has Spread to the Bone, the RadiCaL Study
This phase II trial studies whether adding radium-223 dichloride to the usual treatment, cabozantinib, improves outcomes in patients with renal cell cancer that has spread to the bone. Radioactive drugs such as radium-223 dichloride may directly target radiation to cancer cells and minimize harm to normal cells. Cabozantinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving radium-223 dichloride and cabozantinib may help lessen the pain and symptoms from renal cell cancer that has spread to the bone, compared to cabozantinib alone.
• Documented histologic or cytologic diagnosis of renal cell cancer (RCC). All subtypes of RCC are eligible including but not limited to clear cell, papillary, chromophobe, translocation, collecting duct carcinoma, medullary carcinoma, and unclassified categories. Enrollment of non-clear cell patients will be limited to 20% of the total sample size (~ 42 patients). Once this goal is met, accrual of non-clear cell patients will be discontinued (a notice will be sent out 2 weeks in advance). Sarcomatoid and rhabdoid differentiation are allowed
• Presence of at least 1 metastatic bone lesion not treated with prior radiation is required.
• The presence of bone metastases can be detected by computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Tc-99m bone scan or positron emission tomography (PET) (fludeoxyglucose F-18 [FDG] or sodium fluoride [NaF]) imaging. Patients with non-measurable bone-only disease are allowed. Patients may have received prior radiation therapy for bone metastases or other external radiation >= 7 days prior to registration, as long as they still have at least 1 metastatic bone lesion not treated with radiation. Patients with visceral metastases are allowed, as long as they have at least one untreated bone metastases
• No prior treatment with cabozantinib
• No treatment with any type of small molecular kinase inhibitor (including investigational kinase inhibitors) within 2 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) of registration or receipt of any anti-cancer therapy (including investigational therapy, monoclonal antibodies, cytokine therapy) within 3 weeks of registration
• No prior hemibody external radiotherapy
• No prior therapy with radium-223 dichloride or systemic radiotherapy (such as samarium, strontium)
• No major surgery within 6 weeks of randomization. Procedures such as thoracentesis, paracentesis, percutaneous biopsy, Moh's or other topical skin surgery, Lasik eye surgery are not considered major surgery. Patients who have had a nephrectomy may be registered >= 3 weeks after surgery, providing there are no wound-healing complications. Subjects with clinically relevant ongoing complications from prior surgery are not eligible
• Recovery to baseline or =< grade 1 CTCAE version 5.0 from toxicity related to any prior treatment, unless adverse events are clinically nonsignificant and/or stable on supportive therapy
• The use of osteoclast targeted therapy including either bisphosphonates or denosumab is mandated on this study except in patients with contraindications as determined by the treating investigator, including:
• Renal impairment including those with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) < 35 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault equation or acute renal impairment
• Hypersensitivity to drug formulation
• Dental condition or need for dental intervention that per the investigator would increase the risk of osteonecrosis of jaw (ONJ).
• Use of osteoclast targeted therapy or reason against use needs to be recorded in the electronic case report form (eCRF). Additionally, reason for discontinuation of osteoclast targeted therapy need to be appropriately documented in the eCRF
• Not pregnant and not nursing, because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown.
• Therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative urine pregnancy test done =< 28 days prior to registration is required. A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature female who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months)
• Karnofsky performance status >= 60%
• No brain metastases or cranial epidural disease unless adequately treated with radiotherapy, radiosurgery, or surgery and stable for at least 4 weeks prior to registration as documented by MRI or CT imaging or deemed stable by clinical investigator. Treated brain metastases are defined as having no ongoing requirement for steroids and no evidence of progression or hemorrhage after treatment for at least 4 weeks prior to registration as documented by MRI or CT imaging or deemed stable by clinical investigator
• No imminent or established spinal cord compression based on clinical symptoms and/or imaging. In patients with untreated imminent or established spinal cord compression, treatment with standard of care as clinically indicated should be completed at least 2 weeks before registration
• No imminent or impending pathologic fracture based on clinical symptoms and/or imaging. In patients with untreated imminent or impending pathologic fracture, treatment with standard of care as clinically indicated should be completed at least 2 weeks before registration
• No significant, uncontrolled intercurrent or recent illness, including but not limited to the following conditions:
• Cardiovascular disorders: Symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, serious cardiac arrhythmia; uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained blood pressure > 150 mm Hg systolic or > 100 mm Hg diastolic despite optimal antihypertensive treatment; stroke (including transient ischemic attack), myocardial infarction, or other ischemic event, within 6 months before randomization; thromboembolic event (e.g., deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism) within 1 month before randomization
• Gastrointestinal disorders: Disorders associated with a high risk of perforation or fistula formation: active inflammatory bowel disease, active diverticulitis, active cholecystitis, active symptomatic cholangitis or active appendicitis, active acute pancreatitis or active acute obstruction of the pancreatic or biliary duct, or active gastric outlet obstruction; abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, bowel obstruction, or intra-abdominal abscess within 3 months before randomization. Note: Complete healing of an intra-abdominal abscess must be confirmed before randomization
• No clinically significant hematuria, hematemesis, or hemoptysis, or other history of significant bleeding (e.g., pulmonary hemorrhage) within 3 months before randomization
• No lesions invading major pulmonary blood vessels
• No other clinically significant disorders:
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy (with no medications prohibited by this protocol [e.g. drug-drug interactions]) with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial
• For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy (with no medications prohibited by this protocol [e.g. drug-drug interactions]), if indicated
• Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load (with no medications prohibited by this protocol [e.g. drug-drug interactions])
• No serious non-healing wound or ulcer
• No malabsorption syndrome
• No uncompensated/symptomatic hypothyroidism
• No moderate to severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B or C)
• No requirements for hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis
• No history of solid organ transplantation
• No chronic concomitant treatment with strong CYP3A4 inducers or inhibitors. Because the list of these agents is constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently updated medical reference. Patients may not have received a strong CYP3A4 inducer within 12 days prior to registration nor a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor within 7 days prior to registration
• No concomitant anticoagulation with coumarin agents (e.g., warfarin), direct thrombin inhibitors (e.g., dabigatran), direct factor Xa inhibitor betrixaban, or platelet inhibitors (e.g., clopidogrel). Allowed anticoagulants include:
• Prophylactic use of low-dose aspirin for cardio-protection (per local applicable guidelines) and low-dose low molecular weight heparins (LMWH).
• Therapeutic doses of LMWH or anticoagulation with direct factor Xa inhibitors rivaroxaban, edoxaban, or apixaban in subjects without known brain metastases who are on a stable dose of the anticoagulant for at least 1 week before first dose of study treatment without clinically significant hemorrhagic complications from the anticoagulation regimen or the tumor.
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm^3
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
• Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dl (transfusions allowed)
• Calculated (calc.) creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault equation
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), for patients with Gilberts disease =< 3.0 x ULN
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3.0 x ULN
• Urine protein to creatinine (UPC) ratio =< 2 mg/mg OR 24-hr urine protein < 2 g
A Clinical Trial of BP1002 in Patients With Advanced Lymphoid Malignancies
This study evaluates the safety, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of BP1002 (L-Bcl-2) antisense oligonucleotide in patients with advanced lymphoid malignancies. Up to 12 evaluable patients with a diagnosis of relapsed or refractory lymphoid malignancies are expected to participate.
• Adults ≥18 years of age
• Patient has a life expectancy ≥ 3 month
• Patient has relapsed or refractory disease Relapsed lymphoma: Relapsed lymphoma is disease that has responded to treatment but then returns. Refractory lymphoma: Failure to achieve complete response at the end of therapy or progression within 6 months from completion of therapy
• Included Diseases
• DLBCL, including transformed lymphoma
• Mantle Cell Lymphoma
• Follicular lymphoma
• Marginal zone lymphoma
• Hodgkin lymphoma (both classical and lymphocyte predominant)
• Waldenströms Macroglobulinemia
• Must has failed or is not a candidate for available therapies with reasonable likelihood of clinical benefit, which includes FDA approved products and standard of care regimens
• Therapy means at least three front lines of therapy including Hematopoeitic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT and/or Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR) T cells, when applicable
• Females must be of non-childbearing potential, surgically sterile, postmenopausal, or practice adequate methods of contraception during the study
• Males must agree to use an adequate method of contraception during the study
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance score of 0, 1, or 2
• Adequate hepatic and renal functions as defined by:
• Aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤2.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN); and
• Total bilirubin ≤1.5 times ULN; and
• Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of at least 50ml/min. These estimations can be calculated using the following methods:
• Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-Epi) equation
• Cockcroft Gault equation
• Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD study equation)
• Creatinine clearance estimated by 24-hr urine collection for creatinine clearance
• Recovered from the effects of any prior surgery, radiotherapy, or antineoplastic treatment (with the exception of alopecia), based on Investigator assessment
• Willing and able to provide written informed consent
• Active non-hematologic malignancy other than lymphoid malignancies treated with immuno- or chemotherapy within the previous 12 months except active non-melanoma, non-invasive skin cancer will be allowed
• Known, active Central Nervous System (CNS) involvement of disease requiring intrathecal therapy. Note: Patients with a history of CNS disease may be allowed to participate based on at least 1 documented, negative spinal fluid assessment within 28 days prior to Screening
• Patient eligible for high dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplant
• Indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (iNHL)
• Patients at high risk of Tumor Lysis Syndrome (TLS) a. Bulky disease i. A unidimensional lesion greater than 10 cm and/or b. Lymphocyte count greater than 25,000 per µL
• Receipt of any anti-cancer therapy within 14 days prior to Cycle 1 Day 1 (C1D1)
• Uncontrolled active, untreated, or progressive infection
• Receipt of any investigational agent or on study treatment within 30 days prior to C1D1
• Females who are pregnant, test positive for pregnancy, or are breast-feeding during the Screening period, or intend to become pregnant or breast-feed during the course of the study or within 30 days after last dose of study drug
• Serious intercurrent medical or psychiatric illness which, in the opinion of the Investigator, would interfere with the ability of the participant to complete the study
• Active hepatitis B infection (based on positive surface antigen [HBsAg]), hepatitis C infection (based on Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) positive antibody [HCV Ab]), or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1 or HIV-2, based on positive antibody)
• Presence of concurrent conditions that, in the opinion of the Investigator and/or Medical Monitor, may compromise or interfere with any aspect of study conduct or interpretation of results. This includes, but is not limited to, unstable or uncontrolled angina, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV congestive heart failure, uncontrolled and sustained hypertension, clinically significant cardiac dysrhythmia or clinically significant baseline EKG abnormality (e.g., QTcF >470 msec)
• Within the past 6 months, has had any of the following: myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack
• Uncontrolled seizure disorder
• Unable or unwilling to communicate or cooperate with the Investigator or follow the protocol for any reason.
A Study to Evaluate Safety, Efficacy and Pharmacokinetics of Paricalcitol For Treatment of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in Pediatric Participants With Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
The main objective of this study is to evaluate the safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics of paricalcitol oral solution in pediatric participants of ages 0 to 9 years with SHPT associated with stage 5 CKD receiving Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) or Hemodialysis (HD). The 24-week study is divided into two 12-week dosing periods (Dosing Period 1 followed by Dosing Period 2).
• Participant is currently diagnosed with and/or being treated for secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT).
• Participant must be diagnosed with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5 receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) or hemodialysis (HD) for at least 30 days prior to initial Screening.
• For entry into the Washout Period (for vitamin D receptor activator [VDRA] non-naive participants), the participant must meet the appropriate laboratory criteria based upon the participant's age as described in the protocol.
• For entry into the Dosing Period (for VDRA-naive participants or VDRA non-naive participants who have completed the Washout Period), the participant must meet the appropriate laboratory criteria based upon the participant's age as described in the protocol.
• Participant is scheduled to receive a living donor kidney transplant within 3 months of Screening or is a kidney transplant recipient.
• Participant is expected to discontinue peritoneal dialysis (PD) or hemodialysis (HD) within 3 months of the initial Screening visit.
• Participant has had a parathyroidectomy within 12 weeks prior to Screening.
• Participant is taking maintenance calcitonin, bisphosphonates, glucocorticoids (in a dose equivalent to more than > 0.16 mg/kg/day or 5 mg prednisone/day, whichever is lower), 4 weeks prior to Dosing.
• Participant is receiving calcimimetics at the time of Screening or is expected to initiate calcimimetics at any time throughout the study.
• Participant is unable to take oral medications.
Efficacy and Safety of Benralizumab in Moderate to Very Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) With a History of Frequent Exacerbations (RESOLUTE)
Phase 3 study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a benralizumab in patients with moderate to very severe COPD with a history of frequent COPD exacerbations and elevated peripheral blood eosinophils (≥300/μL). Eligible patients must have a history of ≥2 moderate and/or severe COPD exacerbations in the previous year despite receiving triple (ICS/LABA/LAMA) background therapy for at least 3 months and ICS-based dual inhaled treatment for the remainder of the year. Eligible patients must also have an elevated blood eosinophil count. The treatment period will be of variable duration and will continue until the last patient has the opportunity to complete a minimum of 56 weeks, at which point all patients will complete the study. The primary endpoint will be analyzed at Week 56.
• Provision of informed consent
• Age 40 to 85 years
• Male and/or female.
• Current or former smoker with a tobacco history of ≥10 pack-years.
• History of moderate to very severe COPD with a post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC<0.70 and FEV1 ≤65% of predicted normal value.
• Documented history of 2 or more COPD exacerbations that required treatment with systemic corticosteroids and/or hospitalization within 52 weeks prior to enrollment.
• Exacerbations treated with antibiotics alone are excluded unless accompanied by treatment with systemic corticosteroids and/or hospitalization.
• Hospitalization is defined as an inpatient admission ≥24 hours
• Previous exacerbations should be confirmed to have occurred while on stable triple therapy for COPD.
• At least one qualifying COPD exacerbation should occur while on stable uninterrupted triple therapy prior to enrolment.
• Documented use of triple (ICS/LABA/LAMA) background therapy for COPD for ≥3 months immediately prior to enrollment.
• Treatment with at least double inhaled therapy containing ICS (e.g. ICS/LABA or ICS/LAMA) for the remaining of 52 weeks prior to enrolment. Use of LABA/LAMA is allowed if ICS cannot be tolerated.
• ICS in a dose approved for COPD or equivalent to ≥250 mcg of fluticasone propionate daily.
• Total cumulative duration of not being on double or triple background therapy must not exceed 2 months.
• Stable therapy/doses for the last 3 months prior to randomization.
• Blood eosinophil count ≥300/μL at screening and documented historical eosinophil count of ≥150/μL within 52 weeks of enrollment (or repeated testing during run-in).
• CAT total score ≥15 at Visit 1.
• Negative pregnancy test for females of childbearing potential (WOCBP) at Visit 1.
• Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to use a highly effective method of birth control from enrollment throughout the study and within 12 weeks after last dose of IP. Women not of childbearing potential are defined as women who are either permanently sterilized or postmenopausal (confirmed by FSH test for women <50 years).
• Clinically important pulmonary disease other than COPD
• Current diagnosis of asthma, prior history of asthma or asthma-COPD overlap according to GINA/GOLD. Childhood history of asthma is allowed and defined as asthma diagnosed and resolved before the age of 18.
• Radiological findings of a respiratory disease other than COPD contributing to respiratory symptoms. Solitary pulmonary nodules without appropriate follow up or findings of acute infection.
• Another pulmonary or systemic disease associated with elevated peripheral eosinophil counts.
• Any unstable disorder that could affect patient safety, study findings or the patient's ability to complete the study.
• Any clinically significant abnormal findings in physical examination, vital signs, ECG, laboratory tests could affect patient safety, study findings or the patient's ability to complete the study.
• Cor pulmonale and/or right ventricular failure.
• Long-term treatment with oxygen >4.0 L/min and/or oxyhemoglobin saturation <89% while breathing supplemental oxygen.
• Use of any non-invasive positive pressure ventilation device (NIPPV). Note: use of CPAP for Sleep Apnea Syndrome is allowed.
• Known immunodeficiency disorder, including positive HIV-1/2 testing.
• Active liver disease. Chronic stable hepatitis B and C (including positive HBsAg or hepatitis C antibody testing), or other stable chronic liver disease are acceptable.
• ALT or AST ≥3 times the upper limit of normal, confirmed by repeated testing during the run-in period.
• Helminth parasitic infection within 24 weeks prior to enrollment, not treated or failed to respond to standard of care therapy.
• Alcohol or drug abuse within the past year, which may compromise the study data.
• Malignancy, current or within the past 5 years, except for adequately treated non invasive basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin and cervical carcinoma-in-situ treated with apparent success more than 1 year prior to Visit 1. Suspected malignancy or undefined neoplasms.
• Evidence of active tuberculosis, as judged by investigator. Patients with a recent (within 2 years) first-time or newly positive PPD or Quantiferon test need to complete an appropriate course of treatment before enrollment. Evaluation will be according to the local standard of care.
• Participation, or planned participation, in intensive COPD rehabilitation program (maintenance phase of a rehabilitation is allowed).
• History of surgical or endoscopic lung volume reduction within the 6 months prior to enrollment. History of partial or total lung resection (single lobe or segmentectomy is acceptable).
• Scheduled major surgical procedure during the study. Minor elective procedures are allowed.
• History of anaphylaxis to any biologic therapy or vaccine.
• Receipt of blood products or immunoglobulins within 30 days prior to randomization.
• Receipt of marketed or investigational biologic product within 4 months or 5 half-lives prior to randomization, whichever is longer. Exception: Patients on stable therapy for 3 months before randomization who intend to stay on treatment throughout the study with marketed biologic products that are not likely to interfere with the safety assessment and/or efficacy of benralizumab, for example, for the treatment of osteoporosis, migraine, pain, diabetes, obesity, ocular, cardiovascular, or metabolic diseases, can participate in the study.
• Receipt of live attenuated vaccines 30 days prior to randomization.
• Chronic use of immunosuppressive medication or expected need for chronic use during the study.
• Chronic use of antibiotics if duration of treatment is <9 months prior to randomization. Chronic macrolide or other antibiotic therapy is allowed provided the patient has been on stable dose/regimen for ≥9 months prior to randomization and has had ≥2 COPD exacerbations while on stable therapy.
• Receipt of any investigational non-biologic product within 30 days or 5 half-lives prior to enrollment.
• Receipt of benralizumab within 12 months prior to enrollment.
• Known history of allergy or reaction to any component of the IP formulation.
Best Available Therapy Versus Autologous Hematopoetic Stem Cell Transplant for Multiple Sclerosis (BEAT-MS) (BEAT-MS)
This is a multi-center prospective rater-masked (blinded) randomized controlled trial of 156 participants, comparing the treatment strategy of Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (AHSCT) to the treatment strategy of Best Available Therapy (BAT) for treatment-resistant relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS). Participants will be randomized at a 1 to 1 (1:1) ratio. All participants will be followed for 72 months after randomization (Day 0, Visit 0).
• Age 18 to 55 years, inclusive, at the time of the screening Visit -2.
• Diagnosis of MS according to the 2017 McDonald Criteria139.
• EDSS ≤ 6.0 at the time of randomization (Day 0).
• T2 abnormalities on brain MRI that fulfill the 2017 McDonald MRI criteria for dissemination in space139. A detailed MRI report or MRI images must be available for review by the site neurology investigator.
• Highly active treatment-resistant relapsing MS, defined as ≥ 2 episodes of disease activity in the 36 months prior to the screening visit (Visit -2). The two disease activity episodes will be a clinical MS relapse or MRI evidence of MS disease activity and must meet all the criteria described below:
• At least one episode of disease activity must occur following ≥ 1 month of treatment with one of the following: (i) an oral DMT approved by the FDA for the treatment of relapsing MS, or (ii) a monoclonal antibody approved by the FDA for the treatment of relapsing MS, or (iii) rituximab. Qualifying DMTs include: dimethyl fumarate, diroximel fumarate, monomethyl fumarate, teriflunomide, cladribine, daclizumab, ponesimod, siponimod, ozanimod, fingolimod, rituximab, ocrelizumab, natalizumab, alemtuzumab, ublituximab, and ofatumumab, and
• At least one episode of disease activity must have occurred within the 12 months prior to the screening visit (Visit -2), and
• At least one episode of disease activity must be a clinical MS relapse (see item c.i. below). The other episode(s) must occur at least one month before or after the onset of the clinical MS relapse, and must be either another clinical MS relapse or MRI evidence of disease activity (see item c.ii. below): i. Clinical MS relapse must be confirmed by a neurologist's assessment and documented contemporaneously in the medical record. If the clinical MS relapse is not documented in the medical record, it must be approved by the study adjudication committee (see Section 3.5), and ii. MRI evidence of disease activity must include ≥ 1 unique active lesion on one or more brain or spinal cord MRIs. Detailed MRI reports or MRI images must be available for review by the site neurology investigator. A unique active lesion is defined as either of the following:
• A gadolinium-enhancing lesion, or 2. A new non-enhancing T2 lesion compared to a reference scan obtained not more than 36 months prior to the screening visit (Visit -2).
• Candidacy for treatment with at least one of the following high efficacy BAT DMTs: cladribine, natalizumab, alemtuzumab, ocrelizumab, ofatumumab, ublituximab and rituximab. Candidacy for treatment for each BAT DMT is defined as meeting all of the following:
• No prior disease activity episode, as defined in Inclusion Criterion #5, with the candidate BAT DMT, and
• No contraindication to the candidate BAT DMT, and
• No treatment with the candidate BAT DMT in the 12 months prior to screening.
• Completion of COVID-19 vaccination series, according to the current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendations, ≥ 14 days prior to randomization (Day 0).
• Positive for VZV antibodies, or completion of at least one dose of the varicella zoster glycoprotein E (gE) Shingrix vaccine at least 4 weeks prior to randomization (Day 0).
• Insurance approval for MS treatment with at least one candidate BAT DMT (see Inclusion Criterion #6).
• Ability to comply with study procedures and provide informed consent, in the opinion of the investigator.
• Females of childbearing potential (defined in Section 220.127.116.11) and males with female partners of childbearing potential are required to adhere to the contraception provisions of Section 18.104.22.168.
• For participants who use medicinal or recreational marijuana, willingness to substitute MARINOL® if randomized to AHSCT (Section 22.214.171.124).
• Diagnosis of primary progressive MS according to the 2017 McDonald criteria.
• History of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder or MOG antibody disease.
• Prior treatment with an investigational agent within 3 months or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer. Agents authorized by the FDA for prevention or treatment of COVID-19 are not considered investigational.
• Either of the following within one month prior to randomization (Day 0):
• Onset of acute MS relapse, or
• Treatment with intravenous methylprednisolone 1000 mg/day for 3 days or equivalent.
• Initiation of any BAT DMT (see Section 5.2.1) between Visit -2 and randomization (Day 0).
• Brain MRI or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination indicating a diagnosis of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML).
• History of cytopenia consistent with the diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).
• Presence of unexplained cytopenia, polycythemia, thrombocythemia or leukocytosis.
• History of sickle cell anemia or other hemoglobinopathy.
• Evidence of past or current hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection, including treated hepatitis B or hepatitis C. Hepatitis B surface antibody following hepatitis B immunization is not considered to be evidence of past infection.
• Presence or history of mild to severe cirrhosis.
• Hepatic disease with the presence of either of the following:
• Total bilirubin ≥ 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) or total bilirubin ≥
• 0 times the ULN in the presence of Gilbert's syndrome, or
• Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) or Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) ≥ 2.0 times the ULN.
• Positive COVID-19 PCR test, or alternative nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) per institutional standards, within 14 days prior to randomization (Day 0).
• Evidence of HIV infection.
• Positive QuantiFERON - TB Gold,TB Gold Plus, or T-SPOT®.TB test results. PPD tuberculin test may be substituted for QuantiFERON - TB Gold, TB Gold Plus, or T-SPOT®.TB test.
• Active viral, bacterial, endoparasitic, or opportunistic infections.
• Active invasive fungal infection.
• Hospitalization for treatment of infections or parenteral (IV or IM) antibacterials, antivirals, antifungals, or antiparasitic agents within the 30 days prior to randomization (Day 0) unless clearance is obtained from an Infectious Disease specialist.
• Receipt of live or live-attenuated vaccines within 6 weeks of randomization (Day 0).
• Presence or history of clinically significant cardiac disease including: a. Arrhythmia requiring treatment with any antiarrhythmia therapy, with the exception of low dose beta blocker for intermittent premature ventricular contractions. b. Coronary artery disease with a documented diagnosis of either: i. Chronic exertional angina, or ii. Signs or symptoms of congestive heart failure. c. Evidence of heart valve disease, including any of the following: i. Moderate to severe valve stenosis or insufficiency, or ii. Symptomatic mitral valve prolapse, or iii. Presence of prosthetic mitral or aortic valve.
• Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50%.
• Impaired renal function defined as eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2, according to the CKD-EPI formula144.
• Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) < 70% predicted (no bronchodilator).
• Diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) (corrected for Hgb) < 70% predicted.
• Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, defined as HbA1c > 8%.
• History of malignancy, except adequately treated localized basal cell or squamous skin cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix. Malignancies for which the participant is judged to be cured will be considered on an individual basis by the study adjudication committee (see Section 3.5).
• Presence or history of any moderate to severe rheumatologic autoimmune disease requiring treatment, including but not limited to the following: systemic lupus erythematous, systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's syndrome, polymyositis, dermatomyositis, mixed connective tissue disease, polymyalgia rheumatica, polychondritis, sarcoidosis, vasculitis syndromes, or unspecified collagen vascular disease.
• Presence of active peptic ulcer disease, defined as endoscopic or radiologic diagnosis of gastric or duodenal ulcer.
• Prior history of AHSCT.
• Prior history of solid organ transplantation.
• Positive pregnancy test or breastfeeding.
• Failure to willingly accept or comprehend irreversible sterility as a side effect of therapy.
• Psychiatric illness, mental deficiency, or cognitive dysfunction severe enough to interfere with compliance or informed consent.
• History of hypersensitivity to rabbit or Escherichia coli-derived proteins.
• Any metallic material or electronic device in the body, or other condition that precludes the participant from undergoing MRI with gadolinium administration, as determined by the site radiologist.
• Presence or history of ischemic cerebrovascular disorders, including but not limited to transient ischemic attack, subarachnoid hemorrhage, cerebral thrombosis, cerebral embolism, or cerebral hemorrhage.
• Presence or history of other neurological disorders, including but not limited to CNS or spinal cord tumor; metabolic or infectious cause of myelopathy; genetically-inherited progressive CNS disorder; CNS sarcoidosis; or systemic autoimmune disorders potentially causing progressive neurologic disease or affecting ability to perform the study assessments.
• Presence of any medical comorbidity that the investigator determines will significantly increase the risk of treatment mortality.
• Presence of any other concomitant medical condition that the investigator deems incompatible with trial participation.
A Study of FF-10850 Topotecan Liposome Injection in Advanced Solid Tumors
To determine the safety profile, maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of FF-10850 (topotecan liposome injection) in patients with advanced solid tumors.
• Males and females ≥ 18 years of age
• Dose-escalation phase: Histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic and/or unresectable solid tumor, relapsed or refractory to standard therapy, or for which no standard therapy is available that is expected to improve survival by at least 3 months
• At least 3 weeks beyond the last chemotherapy (or 3 half-lives, whichever is shorter), radiotherapy, major surgery, or experimental treatment, and recovered from all acute toxicities (≤ Grade 1), prior to the first dose of FF-10850
• Adequate performance status: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) ≤ 1
• Life expectancy of ≥ 3 months
• Adequate hematologic parameters without ongoing transfusion support:
• Hemoglobin (Hb) ≥ 9 g/dL
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.0 × 109 cells/L
• Platelets ≥ 100 × 109 cells/L
• Creatinine ≤ 1.5 × ULN, or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/minute by either the Cockcroft-Gault formula or as measured by a 24-hour urine collection
• Total bilirubin ≤ 2 × ULN unless due to Gilbert's disease; patients with Gilbert's disease who have a total bilirubin > 6 mg/dL are to be excluded
• ALT and AST ≤ 2.5 times ULN, or < 5 × ULN for patients with liver metastases
• QT interval corrected for rate (QT interval corrected for rate using Fridericia's Correction Formula, QTcF) ≤ 470 msec for women and ≤ 450 msec for men on the ECG obtained at Screening and confirmed pre-treatment on Cycle 1 Day 1.
• Patient must be willing to undergo a tumor biopsy, if the patient has a biopsy-accessible tumor
• Patients who have not received standard/approved therapies expected to improve survival by at least 3 months
• History of severe hypersensitivity reactions to topotecan
• Serious cardiac condition within the last 6 months, such as uncontrolled arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, unstable angina or heart disease defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or Class IV or hereditary long QT syndrome
• Concomitant medication(s) that may cause QTc prolongation or induce Torsades de Pointes, except for antimicrobials that are used as standard of care to prevent or treat infections and other such drugs that are considered by the Investigator to be essential for patient care
• Active central nervous system (CNS) malignant disease in patients with a history of CNS malignancy. Patients with previously treated stable brain metastases are allowed if they have been stable off steroid therapy for at least 4 weeks.
• Known positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) or hepatitis C virus (HCV)
• Active infection requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotic usage within the last week prior to study treatment
• Any other medical intervention or other condition which, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator, could compromise adherence to study requirements or confound the interpretation of study results
• Pregnant or breast-feeding
A Phase I Dose Escalation Study of Single Fraction Ablative Pre-operative Partial Breast (S-PBI) for Early Stage Breast Cancer
The purpose of this phase I trial is to evaluate dose-limiting toxicity while dose escalating single-fraction preoperative S-PBI to a presumed radioablative dose over 3 cohorts, starting with 30Gy in 1 fraction and advancing to 34Gy and 38Gy in 1 fraction.
• Invasive epithelial (ductal, medullary, lobular, papillary, mucinous (colloid), or tubular) histologies of the breast 3 cm or less(T1-T2cN0) in women who have not undergone surgery or neoadjuvant endocrine or chemotherapy for current breast cancer diagnosis
• Tumor must not involve the overlying skin based on imaging evaluation and/or clinical exam
• Age >/= 18 years old and female
• Greatest Tumor dimension is 3cm or less based on US. MRI measurements can be included only if performed BEFORE the biopsy
• Tumor must be unifocal
• The tumor must be visible on CT scan and/or preferably marked with clip(s) in tumor
• Patients must undergo an MRI for work up to aid in tumor delineation and to rule out additional foci of disease. If additional foci of disease are present, they need to have a negative biopsy to proceed with treatment.If patient cannot have MRI, contrast enhanced digital mammography (CEDM) is allowed in place of MRI.
• Clinically and radiographically node negative on ultrasound of the axilla or MRI
• Estrogen receptor positive or Progesterone receptor positive and Her2neu negative
• Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.
• Women of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control) prior to the start of study and for the duration of radiation therapy. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:
• Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
• Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months
• Multi-centric disease
• Prior RT to the involved breast
• Tumor size >3cm
• Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that, in the opinion of the investigator, would limit compliance with study requirements
• Patients who are pregnant or lactating due to the potential exposure to the fetus to radiation therapy and unknown effects of radiation therapy to lactating females
• Patients unable to have an MRI or contrast enhanced digital mammography (CEDM)
• Prior ipsilateral breast cancer
• Tumor less than 5mm from the skin surface on clinical exam and/or radiographic imaging
• Patients with active Lupus or scleroderma
Prospective Clinical Assessment Study in Children With Achondroplasia (ACH)
This is a long-term, multi-center, observational study in children 2.5 to <17 years with achondroplasia (ACH). The objective is to evaluate growth, ACH-related medical complications, assessments of health-related quality of life, body pain, functional abilities, cognitive functions, and treatments of study participants. No study medication will be administered.
• Signed informed consent by study participant or parent(s) or legally authorized representative (LAR) and signed informed assent by the study participant (when applicable)
• Aged 2.5 to <17 years at study entry
• Diagnosis of ACH
• Study participants and parent(s) or LAR(s) are willing and able to comply with study visits and study procedures Key
• Have hypochondroplasia or short stature condition other than ACH (e.g. trisomy 21, pseudoachondroplasia, psychosocial short stature)
• In females, having had their menarche
• Height < -2 or > +2 standard deviations for age and sex based on reference tables on growth in children with ACH
• Annualized height growth velocity ≤1.5 cm/year over a period ≥6 months prior to screening
• Have a concurrent disease or condition that in the view of the Investigator and/or Sponsor, may impact growth or where the treatment is known to impact growth.
• Significant abnormality in screening laboratory results.
• Have been treated with growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF 1), or anabolic steroids in the previous 6 months or long-term treatment (>3 months) at any time
• Have had regular long-term treatment (>1 month) with oral corticosteroids (low-dose ongoing inhaled steroid for asthma is acceptable)
• Have had previous guided growth surgery or limb-lengthening surgery within 12 months prior to screening.
A Safety and Efficacy Study Evaluating CTX110 in Subjects With Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Malignancies (CARBON)
This is an open-label, multicenter, Phase 1/2 study evaluating the safety and efficacy of CTX110 in subjects with relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancies.
• For NHL patients: Age ≥18 years. For B cell ALL patients: age ≥18 years to ≤70 years
• Refractory or relapsed non-Hodgkin lymphoma, as evidenced by 2 or more lines of prior therapy, or histologically confirmed B cell ALL, refractory or relapsed.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0 or 1.
• Adequate renal, liver, cardiac and pulmonary organ function
• Female subjects of childbearing potential and male subjects must agree to use acceptable method(s) of contraception from enrollment through at least 12 months after CTX110 infusion. Key
• For NHL patients: prior allogeneic HSCT. For B cell ALL patients: prior allogeneic HSCT within 6 months, and/or any evidence of GvHD.
• History of central nervous system (CNS) involvement by malignancy
• History of a seizure disorder, cerebrovascular ischemia/hemorrhage, dementia, cerebellar disease, or any autoimmune disease with CNS involvement.
• Presence of bacterial, viral, or fungal infection that is uncontrolled.
• Positive for HIV, or active hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus infection.
• Previous or concurrent malignancy, except basal cell or squamous cell skin carcinoma, adequately resected and in situ carcinoma of cervix, or a previous malignancy that was completely resected and has been in remission for ≥5 years.
• For NHL patients: Use of systemic anti-tumor therapy or investigational agent within 14 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, of CTX110 infusion. For B cell ALL patients: Use of systemic antitumor therapy within 7 days of CTX110 infusion.
• Primary immunodeficiency disorder or active autoimmune disease requiring steroids and/or other immunosuppressive therapy.
• Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
67Cu-SARTATE™ Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy Administered to Pediatric Patients With High-Risk, Relapsed, Refractory Neuroblastoma
The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 67Cu-SARTATE in pediatric patients with high-risk neuroblastoma.
• Participant is able and willing to provide informed consent (≥18 years), or informed consent is obtained by the parent or legal guardian for minor participants, with the minor providing age appropriate assent, according to local law and regulations;
• Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks;
• Known high-risk neuroblastoma OR previously intermediate-risk neuroblastoma that has relapsed or progressed to high-risk, with failure to achieve complete response with standard therapy (defined as at least 4 cycles of aggressive multi-drug induction chemotherapy with or without radiation and surgery, or according to a standard high-risk treatment/neuroblastoma protocol), OR who are medically ineligible to receive standard treatment OR who are intolerant to standard treatment;
• Adequate recovery from acute toxic effects of any prior therapy, as deemed by the Investigator or treating Sub-Investigator;
• Adequate liver function as defined by the following laboratory values obtained within 28 days prior to administration of 64Cu-SARTATE: Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 3.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN);
• Adequate renal function;
• Adequate laboratory parameters: Absolute neutrophil count > 1.0 x 10 9/L; Platelet count > 50 x 10 9/L; Total bilirubin <1.5 x ULN;
• Karnofsky or Lansky performance status ≥50;
• All participants must have a hematopoietic stem cell product available (minimum CD34+ cell dose is ≥2 x 10 6 cells/kg);
• Sexually active participants of reproductive potential must practice an effective method of birth control while participating on this study, to avoid possible damage to the fetus. Abstinence is considered acceptable;
• 64Cu-SARTATE uptake on the 4 hour scan (SUVmax) of any lesion equal to or higher than that of the liver in order to move on to the therapy phase of the study.
• Participants with disease of any major organ system that would compromise their ability to tolerate therapy, as deemed by the Investigator or treating Sub-Investigator;
• Any other active malignancy, or a history of prior malignancy within the past 3 years;
• History of cardiac failure as evidenced by: dyspnea at rest, exercise intolerance, oxygen requirement, clinically significant cardiac dysfunction;
• Planned administration of chemotherapy, anti-cancer cytokine therapy, immunotherapy or radiotherapy within 2 weeks prior to the administration of 64Cu-SARTATE;
• Administration of therapeutic dose of 131I-MIBG within 8 weeks prior to the administration of 64Cu-SARTATE;
• External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) to both kidneys or a single functioning kidney within 12 months prior to the administration of 64Cu-SARTATE;
• Administration of any investigational agents within 21 days prior to administration of 64Cu-SARTATE;
• Treatment with long acting somatostatin analogues (administered within 28 days prior to the administration of 64Cu-SARTATE), or short acting somatostatin analogues (administered within 24 hours prior to the administration of 64Cu-SARTATE);
• Known sensitivity or allergy to somatostatin analogues;
• Previous peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT);
• Female participants who are pregnant or lactating;
• Participants who are on hemodialysis;
• QTc interval ≥ 0.45 seconds as measured by Screening ECG;
• Participants with uncontrolled infection(s);
• Any medical condition which the Investigator feels may interfere with the procedures or evaluations of the study;
• Participants 12 months and younger will be excluded from cohorts where the planned single or cumulative administered activity is modelled to deliver a radiation dose to the marrow that exceeds 2 Gy.
89Zr-DFO-Atezolizumab ImmunoPET/CT in Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma
This is an exploratory clinical trial to assess the potential of 89Zr-DFO-Atezolizumab Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) scans in patients with locally advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This open label, nontherapeutic trial will test the correlation of 89Zr-DFO-Atezolizumab immunoPET/CT with programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression and the response to immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy in patients with RCC. There will be two cohorts, one made up of patients with localized RCC who will undergo 89Zr-DFO-Atezolizumab PET/CT prior to nephrectomy and a second cohort of patients with metastatic RCC who will undergo 89Zr-DFO-Atezolizumab PET/CT prior to treatment with an immune checkpoint inhibitor.
• Patients with suspected renal cell carcinoma with planned surgery or patients with metastatic RCC and a tissue diagnosis. (In standard clinical practice, biopsy is not routinely performed in patients who will be having surgery).
• Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.
• Patient must be able to lie still for a 30 to 60 minute PET/CT scan.
• One of the following:
• Patients with locally advanced RCC planned for surgery determined to be a high risk of recurrence, defined by presence of at least clinical T2 or TxN1, OR patients with metastatic RCC for whom treatment with cytoreductive nephrectomy and/or metastasectomy is planned by the treating physician.
• Patients with metastatic RCC for whom immuno-oncology (IO) therapy is planned.
• Women of child-bearing potential must agree to undergo and have documented a negative pregnancy test on the day of 89Zr-DFO-Atezolizumab administration. A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:
• Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
• Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
• History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to atezolizumab or any other chimeric or humanized antibodies.
• Uncontrolled severe and irreversible intercurrent illness or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
• Subjects must not be pregnant or nursing due to the potential for congenital abnormalities and the potential of this regimen to harm nursing infants.
• Significant autoimmune disease requiring treatment with either prednisone (or steroid equivalent) at a dose > 10 mg/day or other immunosuppressive agents. (Replacement steroid therapy is acceptable).
• Any patient for whom ICI therapy would be contraindicated for other reasons. Patients with adverse reactions to ICI therapy may undergo second 89Zr-DFO-Atezolizumab injection and PET/CT at the discretion of the treating physician considering that the dose of antibody represents 1% of a single therapeutic dose and therefore unlikely to cause adverse events.
• Subjects unable to provide informed consent.
• Subjects who are claustrophobic or have other contraindications to PET/CT.
• Subjects must not weigh more than the maximum weight limit for the table for the PET/CT scanner where the study is being performed. (>200 kg or 440 lbs).
Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of NT 201 (Botulinum Toxin) With Placebo for the Treatment of Lower Limb Spasticity Caused by Stroke or Traumatic Brain Injury (PATTERN)
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a single treatment with administration of 400 Units NT 201 (botulinum toxin) is superior to placebo (no medicine) for the treatment of lower limb spasticity caused by stroke or traumatic brain injury (Main Period). Participants will be assigned to the treatment groups by chance and neither the participants nor the research staff who interact with them will know the allocation. The following 4 to 5 treatment cycles will investigate the safety and tolerability of treatment with NT 201 (botulinum toxin) when administered in doses between 400 and 800 Units (Open Label Extension Period). All participants will receive the treatment and the dose will depend on whether only lower limb spasticity or combined upper and lower limb spasticity are treated.
• Female or male subject ≥ 18 years and ≤ 85 years at screening
• Diagnosis of lower limb spasticity with or without upper limb spasticity of the same body side caused by stroke or traumatic brain injury
• Disabling ankle flexor spasticity presenting as pes equinus or pes equinovarus
• Modified Ashworth Scale-Bohannon [MAS] score of 2 or 3 points in the ankle plantar flexor of the target lower limb (supine position, knee extended)
• Minimum passive range of motion in ankle of the target lower limb (supine position, knee extended): 10°dorsiflexion and 20°plantarflexion
• At least 4 months since last botulinum neurotoxin [BoNT] injection for treatment of spasticity or any other condition
• For subjects receiving anticoagulation therapy, the investigator confirms and documents that the subject has an:
• Activated partial thromboplastin time [aPTT] ≤ 80 seconds (subjects on dabigatran or other direct thrombin inhibitors) or
• International normalized ratio [INR] value of ≤ 2.5 (subjects on coumarins or other anticoagulants monitored by INR)
• Generalized disorders of muscle activity (e.g. myasthenia gravis, Lambert Eaton syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) or any other significant peripheral neuromuscular dysfunction which might interfere with the study
• Bilateral lower limb paresis/paralysis/spasticity or tetraparesis/paralysis/spasticity
• Body weight < 50 kg
• Severe atrophy of the target limb muscles
• Previous, ongoing or planned treatments of spasticity with intrathecal baclofen
• Previous, ongoing, or planned treatments of spasticity in the target lower limb with any of the following procedures: Surgical Intervention; Alcohol or phenol block; Muscle afferent block
• Physiotherapy or use of orthoses or splints at the target limb initiated less than 4 weeks before screening or expected to change during the double blind phase of the study
• Current or planned treatment with parenterally administered drugs that interfere with neuromuscular transmission (e.g. intrathecal baclofen, tubocurarine type muscle relaxants used in anesthesia), or local anesthetics in the treated region within 2 weeks prior to screening
• Infection or inflammation at the injection sites
• Subjects with presence or history of aspiration pneumonia, recurrent lower respiratory tract infections, or compromised respiratory function as per investigator's clinical judgment
• Pregnancy (as verified by a positive pregnancy test) or breast feeding
Study of Adjuvant Cemiplimab Versus Placebo After Surgery and Radiation Therapy in Patients With High Risk Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma
The primary objective of the study is to compare disease-free survival (DFS) of patients with high-risk cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) treated with adjuvant cemiplimab, versus those treated with placebo, after surgery and radiation therapy (RT). The secondary objectives of the study are: - To compare the overall survival (OS) of high-risk CSCC patients treated with adjuvant cemiplimab, versus those treated with placebo, after surgery and RT - To compare the effect of adjuvant cemiplimab with that of placebo on patients' freedom from locoregional recurrence (FFLRR) after surgery and RT - To compare the effect of adjuvant cemiplimab with that of placebo on patients' freedom from distant recurrence (FFDR) after surgery and RT - To compare the effect of adjuvant cemiplimab with that of placebo on the cumulative incidence of second primary CSCC tumors (SPTs) after surgery and RT - To evaluate the safety of adjuvant cemiplimab and that of placebo in high-risk CSCC patients after surgery and RT - To assess cemiplimab pharmacokinetics and immunogenicity in human serum
• For Japan only, men and women ≥21 years old
• Patient with resection of pathologically confirmed CSCC (primary CSCC lesion only, or primary CSCC with nodal involvement, or CSCC nodal metastasis with known primary CSCC lesion previously treated within the draining lymph node echelon), with macroscopic gross resection of all disease
• High risk CSCC, as defined in the protocol
• Completion of curative intent post-operative radiation therapy (RT) within 2 to 10 weeks of randomization
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) ≤1
• Adequate hepatic, renal, and bone marrow function as defined in the protocol Key
• Squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) arising in non-cutaneous sites as defined in the protocol
• Concurrent malignancy other than localized CSCC and/or history of malignancy other than localized CSCC within 3 years of date of randomization as defined in the protocol
• Patients with hematologic malignancies (note: patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are not excluded if they have not required systemic therapy for CLL within 6 months of enrollment)
• Patients with history of distantly metastatic CSCC (visceral or distant nodal), unless the disease-free interval is at least 3 years (regional nodal involvement of disease in draining lymph node basin that was resected and radiated prior to enrollment will not be exclusionary)
• Ongoing or recent (within 5 years of randomization date) evidence of significant autoimmune disease that required treatment with systemic immunosuppressive treatments, which may suggest risk for immune-related adverse events (irAEs). The following are not exclusionary: vitiligo, childhood asthma that has resolved, type 1 diabetes, residual hypothyroidism that required only hormone replacement, or psoriasis that does not require systemic treatment.
• Has had prior systemic anti-cancer immunotherapy for CSCC Note: Other protocol defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria apply
A Trial to Evaluate Multiple Regimens in Newly Diagnosed and Recurrent Glioblastoma (GBM AGILE)
Glioblastoma (GBM) adaptive, global, innovative learning environment (GBM AGILE) is an international, seamless Phase II/III response adaptive randomization platform trial designed to evaluate multiple therapies in newly diagnosed (ND) and recurrent GBM.
• Age ≥ 18 years.
• Histologically confirmed Grade IV GBM, inclusive of gliosarcoma (WHO criteria; IDH wild-type by immunohistochemistry [IHC] or sequencing for IDH) established following either a surgical resection or biopsy. An MRI scan with the required imaging sequences performed within 21 days prior to randomization preferably. The post-operative MRI scan performed within 96 hours of surgery or the MRI scan performed for radiation therapy planning may serve as the MRI scan performed during screening if all required imaging sequences were obtained.
• Karnofsky performance status ≥ 60% performed within a 14-day window prior to randomization.
• Availability of tumor tissue representative of GBM from definitive surgery or biopsy. Recurrent
• Age ≥ 18 years.
• Histologically confirmed Grade IV GBM, inclusive of gliosarcoma (WHO criteria; IDH wild-type by immunohistochemistry [IHC] or sequencing for IDH) at first or second recurrence after initial standard, control or experimental therapy that includes at a minimum radiation therapy (RT).
• Evidence of recurrent disease demonstrated by disease progression using slightly modified Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria.
• Two scans to confirm progression are required: at least 1 scan at the time of progression and 1 scan prior to the time of progression.
• Karnofsky performance status ≥ 70% performed within a 14-day window prior to randomization.
• Availability of tumor tissue representative of GBM from initial definitive surgery and/or, recurrent surgery, if performed. Newly Diagnosed
• Received any prior treatment for glioma including: a. Prior prolifeprospan 20 with carmustine wafer. b. Prior intracerebral, intratumoral, or cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) agent. c. Prior radiation treatment for GBM or lower-grade glioma. d. Prior chemotherapy or immunotherapy for GBM or lower-grade glioma. Receiving additional, concurrent, active therapy for GBM outside of the trial.
• Extensive leptomeningeal disease.
• QTc > 450 msec if male and QTc > 470 msec if female.
• History of another malignancy in the previous 2 years, with a disease-free interval of < 2 years. Patients with prior history of in situ cancer or basal or squamous cell skin cancer are eligible. Recurrent
• Early disease progression prior to 3 months (12 weeks) from the completion of RT.
• More than 2 prior lines for chemotherapy administration. (NOTE: In the 1st line adjuvant setting, combination of temozolomide (TMZ) with an experimental agent, is considered one line of chemotherapy.)
• Received any prior treatment with lomustine, agents part of any of the experimental arms, and bevacizumab or other vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or VEGF receptor-mediated targeted agent.
• Any prior treatment with prolifeprospan 20 with carmustine wafer.
• Any prior treatment with an intracerebral agent.
• Receiving additional, concurrent, active therapy for GBM outside of the trial
• Extensive leptomeningeal disease.
• QTc > 450 msec if male and QTc > 470 msec if female.
• History of another malignancy in the previous 2 years, with a disease-free interval of < 2 years. Patients with prior history of in situ cancer or basal or squamous cell skin cancer are eligible.