Efficacy in iNPH Shunting (PENS) Trial (PENS)
The Placebo-Controlled Efficacy in Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (iNPH) Shunting (PENS) trial is a multi-center blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled design investigation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt surgery to study the shunt efficacy in iNPH patients.
• Age ≥ 60 years; and
• Diagnosis of iNPH and recommendation for shunt surgery based on the Investigator's clinical judgement based on criteria and testing as described in the iNPH Guidelines;
• Evans Ratio ≥ 0.30; and
• One positive supplementary test to include either large volume Lumbar Puncture or extended CSF drainage per institutional standards; and
• History or evidence of gait impairment (such as decreased step height or length, decreased speed, retropulsion as described in the iNPH Guidelines) duration ≥ 6 months; and
• Participant has the sensory motor skills, communication skills and understanding to comply with the testing and reporting required in the PENS trial; and
• Participant is able to give written informed consent.
• Unable to walk 10 meters with or without an assistive device; or
• Baseline fastest gait velocity (out of three gait trials) >1 m/sec prior to drainage trial and fastest gait velocity improvement is < 30% with or without an assistive device; or
• Unable to return to the study center for follow up evaluation and shunt programming; or
• Participant is not medically cleared for shunt surgery per local standards; or
• Secondary NPH. (Prior encephalitis, meningitis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, traumatic brain injury (including concussion) within two years or with brain injury or skull fracture on baseline imaging, brain abscess, brain tumor, obstructive hydrocephalus (including acquired aqueductal stenosis and carcinomatous meningitis); or
• Prior or existing shunts, endoscopic third ventriculostomy, or any previous surgical intervention for hydrocephalus; or
• Previous intracranial neurosurgical procedure; or
• Symptomatic cerebral or cerebellar infarction occurring within 6 months from screening (asymptomatic lacunar infarctions are permitted); or
• Diagnosis of Parkinsonian syndrome that, in the investigator's judgment, will complicate the outcome evaluation; or
• Diagnosis of schizophrenia or any psychiatric diagnosis (including depression) that, in the investigator's judgment, will complicate the outcome evaluation (such as neuroleptic treatment for schizophrenia); or
• Diagnosis of dementia disorder where the investigator considers cognition deficit limits participation in the study; or
• Conditions impairing gait that are considered to be unrelated to hydrocephalus, such as hemiparesis, spasticity, cerebellar ataxia or musculoskeletal and joint disease, which will interfere with gait assessment or the potential for gait improvement.
• Individuals with contraindication to MRI (e.g., implanted electric and electronic devices, aneurysm clip(s), any metallic fragment or foreign body, coronary and peripheral artery stents, cardiac pacemaker, known claustrophobia, or known/possible pregnancy or breast-feeding) will be excluded according to institutional guidelines.
Study of ONO-4685 in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory T Cell Lymphoma
This study will investigate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of ONO-4685 in patients with relapsed or refractory T cell Lymphoma
• Patients aged ≥ 18 years at time of screening
• Written informed consent by the patient or the patients' legally authorized representative prior to screening
• Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of one of the following subtypes of T-cell lymphoma:
• Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL): Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), PTCL, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS), nodal PTCL with T-follicular helper (TFH) and follicular T-cell lymphoma (FTCL)
• Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) (stages II-B, III, and IV): Mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sezary syndrome (SS)
• Patients must have received at least 2 prior systemic therapies.
• Patients with PTCL must have at least 1 measurable lesion
• Patients with CTCL must have assessable disease by response criteria for CTCL (Olsen EA, 2011)
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) = 0-2
• Life expectancy of at least 3 months
• Adequate bone marrow, renal and hepatic functions
• Patients with central nervous system (CNS) involvement
• Patients with Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL)
• Prior allogeneic stem cell transplant
• Prior treatment with ONO-4685, anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anticytotoxic T lymphocyte associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways
• Patients with malignancies (other than T-cell lymphoma) except for completely resected basal cell carcinoma, stage I squamous cell carcinoma, carcinoma in situ, or any other malignancies that has not relapsed for at least 2 years
• History of severe allergy or hypersensitivity to any monoclonal antibodies, other therapeutic proteins or corticosteroid (e.g., dexamethasone)
• History of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis within 2 years prior to the first dose of study treatment
• Patients with systemic and active infection including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B or C virus infection
• Patients not recovered to Grade 1 or stabilized from the adverse effects (excluding alopecia) of any prior therapy for their malignancies
• Women who are pregnant or lactating
Premedication for Less Invasive Surfactant Administration Study (PRELISA) (PRELISA)
The purpose of this study is to conduct a double blinded randomized control trial to determine the safety and efficacy of using IV fentanyl and atropine prior to Less Invasive Surfactant Administration (LISA) procedure in preterm infants with Respiratory Distress Syndrome compared to the local standard of care to perform this procedure without any premedication. Hypothesis: In infants greater than or equal to 29 weeks gestational age requiring the Less Invasive Surfactant Administration procedure, premedication with a combination of IV atropine and IV fentanyl will be associated with fewer combined bradycardia events, defined as heartrate less than 100 beats per minute for longer than 10 seconds, and hypoxemia events, defined as saturations less than or equal to 80% for longer than 30 seconds, during the procedure compared with placebo. Specific Aims: - To determine if infants receiving IV fentanyl and atropine prior to LISA will have a decrease in hypoxemia and bradycardia events during the procedure compared to infants receiving placebo - To determine if infants receiving premedication prior to Less Invasive Surfactant Administration will have higher procedure first attempt success rate compared with infants receiving placebo - To determine the effect of premedication on cerebral oxygenation compared to placebo during and for 12 hours after Less Invasive Surfactant Administration using cerebral Near Infrared Spectroscopy - To determine the effect of premedication prior to Less Invasive Surfactant Administration on the need for mechanical ventilation for 24 hours after the procedure
• Infants ≥29 weeks gestational age between 0-72 hours of life on CPAP for respiratory support who qualify for the LISA procedure as determined by the primary team using Parkland OPTISURF guidelines
• Infants requiring intubation prior to surfactant therapy
• Infants with known severe congenital anomalies (including complex congenital heart disease, airway, and central nervous system anomalies)
• Infants born to mothers with known opioid addiction or in a methadone treatment program
Evaluating the Addition of the Immunotherapy Drug Atezolizumab to Standard Chemotherapy Treatment for Advanced or Metastatic Neuroendocrine Carcinomas That Originate Outside the Lung
This phase II/III trial compares the effect of immunotherapy with atezolizumab in combination with standard chemotherapy with a platinum drug (cisplatin or carboplatin) and etoposide versus standard therapy alone for the treatment of poorly differentiated extrapulmonary (originated outside the lung) neuroendocrine cancer that may have spread from where it first started to nearby tissue, lymph nodes, or distant parts of the body (advanced) or that has spread from where it first started (primary site) to other places in the body (metastatic). The other aim of this trial is to compare using atezolizumab just at the beginning of treatment versus continuing it beyond the initial treatment. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Cisplatin and carboplatin are in a class of medications known as platinum-containing compounds that work by killing, stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells. Etoposide is in a class of medications known as podophyllotoxin derivatives. It blocks a certain enzyme needed for cell division and DNA repair, and it may kill cancer cells. Giving atezolizumab in combination with a platinum drug (cisplatin or carboplatin) and etoposide may work better in treating patients with poorly differentiated extrapulmonary neuroendocrine cancer compared to standard therapy with a platinum drug (cisplatin or carboplatin) and etoposide alone.
• Participants must have histologically-confirmed (local site pathological confirmation sufficient) extrapulmonary poorly differentiated, neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) that is unresectable or metastatic and not eligible for definitive therapy as deemed per the treating investigator
• Participants must have radiologically evaluable disease, measurable or non-measurable, per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria. All measurable and non-measurable lesions must be assessed by CT scan with IV contrast within 28 days prior to registration. All known sites of disease must be assessed and documented on the Baseline Tumor Assessment Form
• Participants must have brain MRI (or CT head with contrast if there is contraindication to MRI brain) if clinically indicated within 28 days prior to registration. Note: Brain imaging is not required in participants without known and/or clinical concern for brain metastases. Participants with asymptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases are eligible if one or more of the following apply:
• Participants who have received treatment for brain metastases must have:
• No evidence of radiological progression (by MRI brain or CT head with contrast if there is contraindication to MRI brain) within 28 days prior to registration
• Discontinued all corticosteroids at least 14 days prior to registration
• Participants with treatment-naive brain lesions must have:
• No lesion measuring > 2.0 cm in size in any axis
• MRI brain or CT head with contrast (if there is contraindication to MRI brain) demonstrating no evidence for mass effect, edema, or other impending neurological compromise within 28 days prior to registration
• No evidence of radiological progression (by MRI brain or CT head with contrast if there is contraindication to MRI brain) within 28 days prior to registration
• No need for > 2 mg of dexamethasone (or equivalent of > 10 mg prednisone) per day at time of registration
• Participants with prior history of non-metastatic (localized/locally advanced disease) extrapulmonary poorly differentiated NEC may have had prior platinum-based therapy +/- radiation +/- surgery provided that all therapy was completed >= 6 months prior to registration
• Participants must discontinue denosumab prior to study registration and plan to replace with a bisphosphonate while on the study
• Participants must be >= 18 years of age
• Participants must have a Zubrod performance status of =< 2 within 28 days prior to registration
• Participants must have a complete medical history and physical exam within 28 days prior to registration
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9 /L (obtained within 14 days prior to registration. For participants who received a cycle of chemotherapy prior to registration, at least 21 days must have elapsed between day 1 of platinum + etoposide and performance of these tests)
• Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dl (obtained within 14 days prior to registration. For participants who received a cycle of chemotherapy prior to registration, at least 21 days must have elapsed between day 1 of platinum + etoposide and performance of these tests)
• Platelet count >= 100 x 10^9/L (obtained within 14 days prior to registration. For participants who received a cycle of chemotherapy prior to registration, at least 21 days must have elapsed between day 1 of platinum + etoposide and performance of these tests)
• Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (obtained within 14 days prior to registration. For participants who received a cycle of chemotherapy prior to registration, at least 21 days must have elapsed between day 1 of platinum + etoposide and performance of these tests)
• Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (obtained within 14 days prior to registration. For participants who received a cycle of chemotherapy prior to registration, at least 21 days must have elapsed between day 1 of platinum + etoposide and performance of these tests)
• Measured creatinine clearance (CL) > 50 mL/min or calculated creatinine CL > 50 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula or by 24-hour urine collection for determination of creatinine clearance (obtained within 14 days prior to registration. For participants who received a cycle of chemotherapy prior to registration, at least 21 days must have elapsed between day 1 of platinum + etoposide and performance of these tests)
• Participants with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection must have undetectable HBV viral load, with testing performed as clinically indicated
• Participants with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. Participants with active HCV infection who are currently on treatment must have an undetectable HCV viral load, with testing performed as clinically indicated
• Participants with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infection must be on effective anti-retroviral therapy at time of registration and have undetectable HIV viral load within 6 months of registration
• Participants must be offered the opportunity to participate in specimen banking. With participant consent, specimens must be collected and submitted via the Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) Specimen Tracking System
• Participants must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines
• Participants must not have symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases
• Participants must not have known or suspected leptomeningeal disease
• Participants must not have had prior treatment for advanced or metastatic NEC EXCEPT one cycle of platinum (carboplatin/cisplatin) + etoposide is allowed prior to registration. Other chemotherapy regimens are not allowed. For participants with prostate or urothelial NEC, prior chemotherapy for the non-NEC component (e.g. adenocarcinoma or urothelial) is allowed as long as such therapy was completed >= 24 weeks prior to registration and participants have recovered from all prior toxicities to =< grade 1.
• Participants must not have had prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, CD137 agonists, anti-CTLA-4 agent, or any other immune checkpoint inhibitors for any neuroendocrine neoplasm. Immune checkpoint inhibitors given for other cancer indications are allowed provided last therapy was given at least 12 months prior to study registration
• Participants must not have received treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents including, but not limited to, interferon and interleukin2 [IL-2] within 4 weeks or 5 half-lives of the drug (whichever is longer) prior to registration
• Participants must not have had history of known severe allergy, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies, including to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or to any component of the atezolizumab formulation, cisplatin, carboplatin, or etoposide
• Participants must not be on active systemic therapy for another cancer with the exception of hormonal therapy including androgen deprivation therapy (e.g., gonadotropin-releasing hormone [GnRH] agonists or antagonists), which can be continued while participants are receiving protocol therapy. Use of enzalutamide or apalutamide is permitted after completion of chemotherapy and must be held during chemotherapy for participants receiving prior to enrollment. Use of darolutamide is permitted during chemotherapy. Glucocorticoid-containing regimens, including abiraterone, are not permitted.
• Participants must not have uncontrolled or symptomatic hypercalcemia (> 1.5 mmol/L ionized calcium or calcium > 12 mg/dL or corrected serum calcium > ULN) within 14 days prior to registration. Participants who have asymptomatic hypercalcemia are eligible provided that medical therapy to treat the hypercalcemia is planned
• Participants must not have a diagnosis of immunodeficiency nor be receiving systemic steroid therapy (equivalent of > 20 mg of hydrocortisone per day) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 14 days prior to registration
• Participants must not have active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency, including, but not limited to myasthesia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, Wegener grandulomatosis, Sjogren syndrome, Guillian-Barre syndrome, or multiple sclerosis with the following exceptions:
• Patients with a history of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism who are on thyroid-replacement hormone are eligible for the study
• Patients with controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus who are on an insulin regimen are eligible for the study
• Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus, or vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis are excluded) are eligible for the study provided all of following conditions are met:
• Rash must cover < 10% of body surface area
• Disease is well controlled at baseline and requires only low-potency topical corticosteroids
• No occurrence of acute exacerbations of the underlying condition requiring psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation, methotrexate, retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors, or high-potency or oral corticosteroids within the previous 12 months
• Participants must not have history of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis obliterans), drug-induced pneumonitis, idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan. NOTE: History of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted
• Participants must not have significant cardiovascular disease, such as New York Heart Association class II or greater cardiac disease, myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to registration, unstable arrythmias, or unstable angina
• Participants must not have had a major surgical procedure other than for diagnosis within 28 days prior to registration. Participant must not plan to receive a major surgical procedure during the course of protocol treatment. NOTE: Patient port placement is not considered a major surgery
• Participants must not have severe infections (i.e., Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] grade >= 2) at time of registration, including but not limited to hospitalization for complications for infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia
• Participants must not have active tuberculosis
• Participants must not have prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or solid organ transplant
• Participants must not have received administration of a live, attenuated vaccine (e.g., FluMist [registered trademark]) within 28 days prior to initiation of study treatment, during treatment with atezolizumab, and not plan to receive for 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab
• Participants must not be pregnant due to the possibility of harm to the fetus. Individuals who are of reproductive potential must have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method (with details provided as a part of the consent process) during the treatment period and for 5 months after the final dose of atezolizumab. A person who has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months or who has semen likely to contain sperm is considered to be of "reproductive potential." In addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes refraining from sexual activity that might result in pregnancy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) including hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral tubal ligation/occlusion, and vasectomy with testing showing no sperm in the semen
Two Studies for Patients With Unfavorable Intermediate Risk Prostate Cancer Testing Less Intense Treatment for Patients With a Low Gene Risk Score and Testing a More Intense Treatment for Patients With a Higher Gene Risk Score
This phase III trial uses the Decipher risk score to guide intensification (for higher Decipher gene risk) or de-intensification (for low Decipher gene risk) of treatment to better match therapies to an individual patient's cancer aggressiveness. The Decipher risk score evaluates a prostate cancer tumor for its potential for spreading. In patients with low risk scores, this trial compares radiation therapy alone to the usual treatment of radiation therapy and hormone therapy (androgen deprivation therapy). Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays or particles to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Androgen deprivation therapy blocks the production or interferes with the action of male sex hormones such as testosterone, which plays a role in prostate cancer development. Giving radiation treatment alone may be the same as the usual approach in controlling the cancer and preventing it from spreading, while avoiding the side effects associated with hormonal therapy. In patients with higher Decipher gene risk, this trial compares the addition of darolutamide to usual treatment radiation therapy and hormone therapy, to usual treatment. Darolutamide blocks the actions of the androgens (e.g. testosterone) in the tumor cells and in the body. The addition of darolutamide to the usual treatment may better control the cancer and prevent it from spreading.
• Pathologically (histologically or cytologically) proven diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the prostate within 270 days prior to registration
• Unfavorable intermediate risk prostate cancer, defined as having ALL the following bulleted criteria:
• Has at least one intermediate risk factor (IRF):
• PSA 10-20 ng/mL
• Clinical stage T2b-c (digital rectal examination [DRE] and/or imaging) by American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th edition
• Gleason score 7 (Gleason 3+4 or 4+3 [ International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) Grade Group 2-3])
• Has ONE or more of the following 'unfavorable' intermediate-risk designators:
• > 1 immature reticulocyte fraction (IRF)
• Gleason 4+3=7 (ISUP Grade Group 3)
• >= 50% of biopsy cores positive
• Biopsies may include 'sextant' sampling of right/left regions of the prostate, often labeled base, mid-gland and apex. All such 'sextant' biopsy cores should be counted. Men may also undergo 'targeted' sampling of prostate lesions (guided by MRI, ultrasound or other approaches). A targeted lesion that is biopsied more than once and demonstrates cancer (regardless of number of targeted cores involved) should count as a single additional positive core sampled and positive. In cases of uncertainty, count the biopsy sampling as sextant core(s)
• Absence of high-risk features
• Appropriate stage for study entry based on the following diagnostic workup:
• History/physical examination within 120 days prior to registration;
• Negative bone imaging (M0) within 120 days prior to registration; Note: Tc-99m bone scan or sodium fluoride (NaF) positron emission tomography (PET) are allowed. Equivocal bone scan findings are allowed if plain films X-ray, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are negative for metastasis at the concerned site(s). While a negative fluciclovine, choline, or prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET may be counted as acceptable substitute for bone imaging, any suspicious findings must be confirmed and correlated with conventional imaging (Tc-99m bone scan, NaF PET, CT, X-ray, or MRI) to determine eligibility based on the latter modalities (e.g. M0 based on conventional imaging modalities)
• Clinically negative lymph nodes (N0) as established by conventional imaging (pelvic +/- abdominal CT or MR), within 120 days prior to registration. Patients with lymph nodes equivocal or questionable by imaging are eligible if the nodes are =< 1.0 cm in short axis and/or if biopsy is negative. Note: While a negative fluciclovine, choline, or prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET may be counted as acceptable substitute for pelvic imaging, any suspicious findings must be confirmed by conventional imaging (CT, MRI or biopsy). If the findings do not meet pathological criteria based on the latter modalities (e.g. node =< 10 mm in short axis, negative biopsy), the patient will still be eligible
• Age >= 18
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 within 120 days prior to registration
• Non-castrate testosterone level (> 50 ng/dL) within 120 days prior to registration
• Absolute neutrophil >= 1,000 cells/mm^3 (within 120 days prior to registration)
• Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL, independent of transfusion and/or growth factors (within 120 days prior to registration)
• Platelet count >= 100,000 cells/mm^3 independent of transfusion and/or growth factors (within 120 days prior to registration)
• Creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 30 mL/min estimated by Cockcroft-Gault equation (within 120 days prior to registration)
• For African American patients specifically whose renal function is not considered adequate by the formula above, an alternative formula that takes race into account (Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration CKD-EPI formula) should be used for calculating the related estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with a correction factor for African American race creatinine clearance for trial eligibility, where GFR >= 30 mL/min/1.73m^2 will be considered adequate
• Total bilirubin: 1.5 =< institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (within 120 days prior to registration) (Note: In subjects with Gilbert's syndrome, if total bilirubin is > 1.5 x ULN, measure direct and indirect bilirubin. If direct bilirubin is less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN, subject is eligible)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]): =< 2.5 x institutional ULN (within 120 days prior to registration)
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial; Note: HIV testing is not required for eligibility for this protocol
• For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated.
• Note: Known positive test for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) indicating acute or chronic infection would make the patient ineligible unless the viral load becomes undetectable on suppressive therapy. Patients who are immune to hepatitis B (anti-Hepatitis B surface antibody positive) are eligible (e.g. patients immunized against hepatitis B)
• For patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
• Note: Known positive test for hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) indicating acute or chronic infection would make the patient ineligible unless the viral load becomes undetectable on suppressive therapy
• The patient or a legally authorized representative must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry and, for patients treated in the United States (U.S.), authorization permitting release of personal health information
• Previous radical surgery (prostatectomy) or any form of curative-intent ablation whether focal or whole-gland (e.g., cryosurgery, high intensity focused ultrasound [HIFU], laser thermal ablation, etc.) for prostate cancer
• Definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease (M1)
• Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for a minimum of 3 years. History of or current diagnosis of hematologic malignancy is not allowed
• Prior radiotherapy to the prostate/pelvis region that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields
• Previous bilateral orchiectomy
• Previous hormonal therapy, such as luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists (e.g., leuprolide, goserelin, buserelin, triptorelin) or LHRH antagonist (e.g. degarelix), anti-androgens (e.g., flutamide, bicalutamide, cyproterone acetate). ADT started prior to study registration is not allowed
• Prior use of 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors is allowed, however, it must be stopped prior to enrollment on the study with at least a 30 day washout period before baseline study PSA measure and registration
• Active testosterone replacement therapy; any replacement therapy must be stopped at least 30 days prior to registration
• Severe, active co-morbidity defined as follows:
• Current severe or unstable angina;
• New York Heart Association Functional Classification III/IV (Note: Patients with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, should have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association Functional Classification)
• History of any condition that in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in this study
• Inability to swallow oral pills
• High risk features, which includes any of the following:
• Gleason 8-10 [ISUP Grade Group 4-5]
• PSA > 20
• cT3-4 by digital exam OR gross extra-prostatic extension on imaging [indeterminate MRI evidence will not count and the patient will be eligible]
Elucidating the Neurocircuitry of Irritability With High-Field Neuroimaging to Identify Novel Therapeutic Targets (UNIKET)
The study is investigating dysfunctions in neurocircuitry in regards to irritability with healthy controls (HC) and individuals with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) by performing MRIs. The MDD group will also be randomized to receive ketamine or midazolam to investigate changes post-treatment in neurocircuitry with regards to irritability.
• Male or female subjects, 18-65 years of age and body weight less than or equal to 120 kg on baseline visit.
• Participants must have a level of understanding of the English language sufficient to agree to all tests and examinations required by the study and must be able to participate fully in the informed consent process.
• For Healthy Controls: Subjects must be free of any lifetime psychiatric condition based on the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). For MDD: Subjects must meet Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria for current unipolar depression [major depressive disorder (MDD) or persistent depressive disorder (PDD) in a current major depressive episode (MDE)] based on MINI.
• A woman of childbearing potential who is sexually active with a male must agree to use an acceptable method of contraception [defined as either one highly effective (permanent sterilization, intrauterine device or hormonal implant) or two other forms of contraception (such as oral contraceptive pill and condom)] to avoid pregnancy throughout the study. Throughout the study and for 90 days (one spermatogenesis cycle) after receiving the last dose of study drug (ketamine/midazolam) man who is sexually active with a woman of childbearing potential must use an acceptable method of contraception (described above) with his female partner and must agree not to donate sperm.
• Subjects must either be free of psychotropic medications (including antidepressants, antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, mood stabilizers, sedative/hypnotics, dopamine agonists, stimulants, buspirone, and triptans) and certain anticonvulsants (topiramate and levetiracetam) or be stable on these medications for four weeks prior to the baseline visit [first magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan].
• Subjects with MDD should be willing to participate in neuroimaging scans before and after infusions, and be willing to undergo infusions with study drug.
• Lifetime diagnosis of schizophrenia or any psychotic disorder, bipolar disorder, pervasive developmental disorder or intellectual development disorder.
• Current diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder, anorexia nervosa or bulimia. Comorbid anxiety, stress and trauma-related disorders are permitted as long as unipolar depression is the primary diagnosis.
• Diagnosis of a moderate or severe substance use disorder within the past 6 months per MINI; all subjects must have a negative urine toxicology test on the day of the MRI, prior to the scan.
• Female subjects who are pregnant, nursing, for may become pregnant. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test on the day of the fMRI, prior to scan, and on days of study drug infusion, prior to infusion.
• Any unstable medical illnesses including hepatic, renal, gastroenterologic, respiratory, cardiovascular (including ischemic heart disease), endocrinologic, immunologic, or hematologic disease.
• Inadequately treated obstructive sleep apnea (STOP-Bang score of 5-8 if untreated, if using positive airway pressure device then past-month apnea hypopnea index ≥ 15 per hour representing moderate or higher severity).
• Presence of a significant neurological disease such as Parkinson's disease, primary or secondary seizure disorders, intracranial tumors, or severe head trauma.
• Presence of neurocognitive or dementing disorders.
• Clinically significant abnormalities of laboratories, physical examination (including unstable hypertension - systolic blood pressure >170, diastolic blood pressure >100), or electrocardiogram at screening visit.
• Subjects judged to be at serious and imminent suicidal or homicidal risk by the PI or another study-affiliated psychiatrist.
• Any contraindications to MRI, including pacemakers or metallic objects in the body.
• Any claustrophobia or other conditions which may result in inability to lie still in the MRI scanner for 1 hour or more.
• Allergy to ketamine or midazolam in subjects with MDD.
• Must not be on any prohibited concomitant medication.
Optimizing the Use of Ketamine to Reduce Chronic Postsurgical Pain (KALPAS)
The study utilizes a 3-arm placebo-controlled RCT to study the effectiveness of ketamine in reducing chronic post-mastectomy pain. Participants randomized to the first arm will receive a 0.35 mg/kg dose after induction, followed by a 0.25 mg/kg/hr infusion during surgery (up to a maximum of 6 hours) and continued for 2 hours postoperatively. Participants in the second arm will receive a single dose of 0.6 mg/kg of ketamine in the post-anesthesia care unit, and the final group will serve as the control group and receive saline (no ketamine).
• Woman 18 years of age or older
• Undergoing elective breast surgery for oncologic indication as follows: unilateral or bilateral mastectomy, prophylacticmastectomy, +/- lymph node dissection, +/- immediate or delayed reconstruction.
• No distant metastases
• History of cognitive impairment or clinical signs of altered mental status (AMS) that may interfere with adherence to study procedures and/or participant safety. Clinical signs of AMS may include but are not limited to: confusion, amnesia, disorientation, fluctuating levels of alertness, etc.
• Past ketamine or phencyclidine misuse or abuse
• Schizophrenia or history of psychosis
• History of post-traumatic stress disorder
• Known sensitivity or allergy to ketamine
• Liver or renal insufficiency
• History of uncontrolled hypertension, chest pain, cardiac arrhythmia, stroke, head trauma, intracranial mass or hemorrhage, glaucoma, porphyria, uncontrolled thyroid disease, or other contraindication to ketamine
• Lamotrigine, alfentanil, physostigmine, or 4-aminopyridine use
• Currently Pregnant
• Body mass index (BMI) equal to or greater than 41
• Non-English or non-Spanish speaker
• Currently participating in another pain interventional trial
• Unwilling to comply with all study procedures and be available for the duration of the study
• Patient is American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status 4, 5, or 6
• Patient has started or undergone hormone therapy for gender transition into male.
• Patient scheduled for any bilateral (or greater) flap reconstruction
Intraventricular Administration of Rhenium-186 NanoLiposome for Leptomeningeal Metastases (ReSPECT-LM)
This is an open-label Phase I clinical study that will administer a single dose of 186RNL via intraventricular catheter for treatment of Leptomeningeal Metastases (LM).
• At least 18 years of age at time of screening.
• Ability to understand the purposes and risks of the study and has signed a written informed consent document approved by the site-specific IRB.
• Subject has proven and documented LM that meets the requirements for the study: a. Current EANO-ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines Type 1 and 2 LM of any primary type. 2D is excluded.
• Karnofsky performance status of 60 to 100.
• Acceptable liver function:
• Bilirubin 1.5 times upper limit of normal
• AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 3.0 times upper limit of normal for subjects with normal liver
• AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 5.0 times upper limit of normal for subjects with liver metastasis
• Acceptable renal function with serum creatinine ≤ 2 times upper limit of normal
• Acceptable hematologic status (without hematologic support):
• ANC ≥ 1000 cells µL
• Platelet count ≥ 75,000/µL
• Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
• All women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening. Male and female subjects must agree to use effective means of contraception (for example, surgical sterilization or the use of barrier contraception with either a condom or diaphragm in conjunction with spermicidal gel or an IUD) with their partner from entry into the study through 6 months after the last dose.
• Subjects with a creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 60 mL/min (using the Cockcroft-Gault Equation) for males and females.
• The subject has not recovered to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE v5.0) Grade ≤ 1 from AEs due to antineoplastic agents, investigational drugs, or other medications that were administered prior to study. Prior AEs due to alopecia, anemia, and lymphopenia are not required to be recovered to Grade ≤ 1 prior to 186RNL treatment, assuming other inclusion criteria are satisfied.
• Obstructive or symptomatic communicating hydrocephalus.
• Ventriculo-peritoneal or ventriculo-atrial shunts without programable valves or contraindications to placement of Ommaya reservoir.
• Females of childbearing potential who are pregnant, breast feeding, or may possibly be pregnant without a negative serum pregnancy test (see inclusion criteria).
• Serious intercurrent illness, such as progressive systemic (extra leptomeningeal) disease, clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias, uncontrolled systemic infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure or unstable angina pectoris within 3 months prior study drug, myocardial infarction, stroke, transient ischemic attack within 6 months, seizure disorder with any seizure occurring within 14 days prior to consenting or encephalopathy.
• Active severe non hematologic organ toxicity such as renal, cardiac, hepatic, pulmonary, or gastrointestinal systemic toxicity grade 3 or above.
• Significant coagulation abnormalities such as inherited bleeding diathesis or acquired coagulopathy with unacceptable risks of bleeding.
• Patients who had any dose to the spinal cord or whole brain radiation therapy, regardless of when the radiation treatment was delivered. Prior, non-CNS radiation for primary tumor is allowed.
• Systemic chemotherapeutic agents with CNS penetration (such as temozolomide, carmustine, lomustine, capecitabine, carboplatin, vinorelbine, bevacizumab, irinotecan or topotecan) are excluded if given within 14 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter, prior to 186RNL treatment.
• If the washout period is satisfied, the patient may be enrolled, providing all other I/E criteria are satisfied.
• If the patient is undergoing systemic chemotherapy with CNS penetration (such as temozolomide, carmustine, lomustine, capecitabine, carboplatin, vinorelbine, bevacizumab, irinotecan or topotecan) and they develop or have progressive/persistent LM while on the agent, they may be included in the trial at the PI's discretion.
• Systemic therapy (including investigational agents and small-molecule kinase inhibitors) is excluded if given within 14 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter, prior to 186RNL treatment. a. If the washout period is satisfied, the patient may be enrolled, providing all other I/E criteria are satisfied.
• Nitrosoureas or mitomycin C within 42 days, or metronomic/protracted low-dose chemotherapy within 14 days, or other cytotoxic chemotherapy within 28 days, are excluded if given within the above timepoints prior to 186RNL treatment. a. If the washout period is satisfied, the patient may be enrolled, providing all other I/E criteria are satisfied.
• Impaired CSF Flow Study, within 4 +/- 3 days of 186RNL treatment, based on study imaging and as determined by the investigator.
Effect of SGLT2i on Cardiovascular Biomarkers in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and CKD Stage 3b-4
This is a prospective, observational study to assess the effect of SGLT2 inhibitors on surrogate markers of kidney and cardiovascular health in patients with stage 3b and 4 chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study includes three clinic in person visits and weekly telephone visits for 12 weeks. 1. Recruit 28 patients with CKD stages 3b-4 and follow up for 12 weeks 2. Determine the effect of interventions on the primary outcome variable serum klotho measured by immunoprecipitation-immunoblot
• 18-80 years of age
• All races and ethnicities
• All genders
• Type 2 diabetes mellitus
• History of hypertension defined as > 130 or > 80 mmHg or normotensive on pharmacologic therapy
• Estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) (CKD Epi equation) of 15-44 ml/min/1.73 m2 (Stages 3b-4 CKD)
• Urinary albumin creatinine ratio of > 200 mg/g <5000mg/g
• Ability of study participant or legally authorized representative to provide informed written consent
• Able to maintain stable dose of any vitamin D and any calcium supplements for 180 days post randomization.
• Autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease, lupus nephritis or anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis
• Receiving cytotoxic therapy, immunosuppressive therapy or other immunotherapy for primary or secondary renal disease within 6 months prior to enrolment
• History of organ transplantation
• Receiving therapy with a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor within 8 weeks prior to enrolment or previous intolerance of an SGLT2 inhibitor
• Type 1 diabetes (T1D)
• Active use of SGLT2 inhibitor
• History of persistent hypercalcemia (serum total Calcium > 10.5 mg/dl)
• Body mass index > 45 kg/m2
• Active on kidney transplant list
• Inability to provide informed consent
• Any condition outside the renal and cardiovascular disease area, such as but not limited to malignancy, with a life expectancy of less than 2 years based on investigator´s clinical judgement
• Active malignancy requiring treatment at the time of screening (with the exception of successfully treated basal cell or treated squamous cell carcinoma).
• Hepatic impairment (aspartate transaminase [AST] or alanine transaminase [ALT] >3x the upper limit of normal [ULN]; or total bilirubin >2x ULN at time of enrolment)
• Women of child-bearing potential (ie, those who are not chemically or surgically sterilized or who are not post-menopausal) who are not willing to use a medically accepted method of contraception that is considered reliable in the judgment of the investigator or women who have a positive pregnancy test at enrolment or randomization or women who are breast-feeding
• Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product (IP) during the last month prior to Enrolment
• Inability of the patient, in the opinion of the investigator, to understand and/or comply with procedures and/or follow-up OR any conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, may render the patient unable to complete the study. Patients who cannot complete the patient reported outcome (PRO) assessments can still participate in the study
CD40 Agonist, Flt3 Ligand, and Chemotherapy in Triple Negative Breast Cancer
This research study is being done to find out if the immunotherapy drugs called CDX-301 and CDX-1140 in combination with the standard chemotherapy treatment pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD, Doxil) are safe and effective at controlling the cancer in patients with metastatic triple negative breast cancer, and to determine a safe dose and treatment schedule of the three drugs. This research study will also test how these treatments improve your body's immune response against the cancer.
• Unresectable Stage III or Stage IV Triple Negative Breast cancer
• Age 18 years or older
• Performance status ECOG 0-2
• Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks
• Documented progressive disease, based on radiographic, clinical or pathologic assessment, during or subsequent to last anticancer therapy. Patients who need to change systemic therapy for other indications such as toxicity that are otherwise eligible for this study may enroll with approval of the lead principal investigator.
• For initial safety cohort, subject is in second to third line setting of treatment for metastatic or unresectable disease, and have received 1 to 2 prior regimens for metastatic or unresectable disease. For dose expansion, subject is in first to third line setting of treatment for metastatic or unresectable disease, and have received 0 to 2 prior regimens for metastatic or unresectable disease.
• Among any patient enrolled in the first line treatment setting, subjects must be PD-L1 negative by 22C3 assay and not be eligible for FDA approved standard of care chemotherapy and anti-PD-1/PD-L1 combination therapy as alternative to this clinical trial.
• Screening laboratory values must meet the following criteria:
• Neutrophils ≥ 1500/uL
• Platelets ≥ 100 x10(9)/L
• Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL Patients may receive erythrocyte transfusions to achieve this hemoglobin level at the discretion of the investigator. Initial treatment must not begin earlier than the day after the erythrocyte transfusion.
• Creatinine ≤ 2 mg/dL
• Creatinine clearance >30 mL/minute
• AST ≤ 2.5 X ULN without, and ≤ 5 x ULN with hepatic metastasis
• ALT ≤ 2.5 X ULN without, and ≤ 5 x ULN with hepatic metastasis
• Total Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN (except patients with Gilbert's syndrome or liver involvement, who must have a total bilirubin ≤ 2 X ULN)
• Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 X ULN without, and ≤ 5 x ULN with hepatic metastasis
• All men as well as women of child bearing potential enrolled in this trial must agree to use effective contraception during the course of the trial and for at least 6 months after discontinuing study treatment. Patients and/or partners who are surgically sterile or postmenopausal are exempt from this requirement.
• A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, marital status, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria: ( 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy OR (2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
• Provision of consent for pre-treatment and on-treatment biopsies. Biopsy sites must be soft tissue tumor lesions or accessible visceral diseases that can be biopsied with acceptable clinical risk (as judged by the investigator); are large enough to allow for the collection of tumor tissue for proposed correlative studies (e.g., anticipated goal of 6-8 cores preferred when feasible using a ≥ 18 gauge needle with an expected core sample length of 5 mm); and have not been irradiated prior to entry. This does not include bone lesions. This may exclude many lung lesions and small lesions.
• Measurable disease allowing for serial assessment of at least one target lesion(s) by RECIST 1.1 criteria . Target lesions selected for tumor measurements should be those where additional (e.g., palliative) treatments are not indicated or anticipated.
• All residual toxicity related to prior anticancer therapies (excluding alopecia, grade 2 fatigue, vitiligo, endocrinopathies on stable replacement therapy, grade 2 neuropathy from taxanes or platinum and grade 2 hearing loss from platinum) must resolve to grade 1 severity or less (or returned to baseline) prior to receipt of study treatment.
• Read, understood, and provided written informed consent, and if applicable, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) authorization, after the nature of the study has been fully explained, and must be willing to comply with all study requirements and procedures.
• Among any patients enrolled in the first line treatment setting, tumors should not be PD-L1+ by 22C3 assays or eligible for FDA approved standard of care chemotherapy and anti-PD-1/PD-L1 combination therapy as alternative to this clinical trial.
• History of severe hypersensitivity reactions to mAbs.
• Prior treatment with any anti-CD40 antibody or rhuFlt3L product.
• Treatment with anthracycline in the metastatic setting.
• Prior progression while on anthracycline based therapy or within 6 months of completing (neo)adjuvant anthracycline.
• Prior history of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), or tumor with known Flt3 mutation/amplification
• Receipt of any antibody targeting T cell check point or co-stimulation pathways within 4 weeks, use of any other monoclonal based therapies within 4 weeks, and all other immunotherapy (tumor vaccine, cytokine, or growth factor given to control the cancer) within 2 weeks prior to the planned start of study treatment.
• Prior T-cell or other cell-based therapies within 12 weeks (or 2 weeks if patient experienced disease progression on the prior treatment)
• Systemic radiation therapy within 4 weeks, prior focal radiotherapy within 2 weeks, or radiopharmaceuticals (strontium, samarium) within 8 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment.
• Chemotherapy within 21 days or at least 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) prior to the planned start of study treatment.
• Any kinase inhibitors within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment.
• Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment. Surgery requiring local/epidural anesthesia must be completed at least 72 hours before study drug administration and patients should be recovered.
• Use of other investigational drugs within 4 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to study treatment administration.
• Use of immunosuppressive medications within 4 weeks or systemic corticosteroids within 2 weeks prior to first dose of study treatment. Topical, inhaled or intranasal corticosteroids (with minimal systemic absorption) may be continued if the patient is on a stable dose. Non-absorbed intraarticular corticosteroid and replacement steroids (≤ 10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent) will be permitted.
• Other prior malignancy, except for adequately treated basal or squamous cell skin cancer or in situ cancers; or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for at least 3 years.
• Active, untreated central nervous system metastases.
• Patients with known treated brain metastases should be neurologically stable for 4 weeks post-treatment and prior to study enrollment. Continued use of steroids and/or anticonvulsants (in the absence of any suspicion of progressive brain metastases) is acceptable if ≤ equivalent of prednisone 10 mg daily. Brain MRI required on screening to document lack of progression.
• Women who are pregnant or nursing. All female patients with reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to starting treatment.
• Active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease or syndrome that required systemic steroids or immunosuppressive medications within the preceding 6 months, except for patients with vitiligo, endocrinopathies, or type 1 diabetes, Patients with mild asthma who require intermittent use of bronchodilators (such as albuterol) who have not been hospitalized for asthma in the preceding 6 months will not be excluded from this study.
• Significant cardiovascular disease including unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled hypertension or arrhythmia, congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Class III or IV or EF<50%) related to primary cardiac disease, uncontrolled ischemic or severe valvular heart disease or any of the following within 6 months prior to the first dose of study treatment: myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina, coronary artery bypass graft, congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular accident, transient ischemic attack.
• Prior anthracycline therapy with a cumulative doxorubicin-equivalent dose greater than 240 mg/m2.
• Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to the following: measles, mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed. The COVID-19 vaccines available in the United States are not live vaccines and are allowed if the final vaccine dose (of a regimen that requires more than 1 dose) is received at least 1 week prior to study enrollment.
• History of (non-infectious) pneumonitis or has current pneumonitis. This includes asymptomatic infiltrates on screening chest CT scan that are felt by the investigator to potentially be an inflammatory process (i.e. grade 1 pneumonitis).
• Active infection requiring systemic therapy, known HIV infection, or positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen or hepatitis C (antibody screen and if positive confirmed by RNA analysis). If positive results are not indicative of a true active or chronic infection, the patient can be enrolled after discussion with and agreement by the Investigator.
• Any other acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that could increase the risk associated with trial participation or trial drug administration or could interfere with the interpretation of trial results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into the trial.
• Evidence of acute or chronic infection on screening chest radiography.
Safety and Efficacy of Atorvastatin v. Placebo on HCC Risk (TORCH)
Prospective randomized, multi-center, double blind placebo-controlled trial to assess the chemopreventive impact of atorvastatin (20 mg oral) vs placebo in up to 60 adults with advanced fibrosis at high risk of developing HCC.
• Willing and able to provide informed consent
• Male or female age > 18 years at time of consent
• Clinically or histologically diagnosed advanced liver fibrosis or cirrhosis, as defined by one or more of the following:
• Liver biopsy demonstrating advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis (METAVIR 3-4)
• Fibroscan or MR elastography consistent with advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis
• Imaging showing cirrhotic-appearing liver with signs of portal hypertension
• Advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis documented clinically by a treating physician
• High-risk for HCC at screening according to the FIB-4 index
• High PLSec score measured in screening blood sample from the FIB-4-high individuals.
• Liver imaging within 6 months of Day 1 is required in cirrhotic subjects only, to exclude HCC
• Female subjects of childbearing potential who engage in heterosexual intercourse must agree to use protocol specified method(s) of contraception
• Willing and able to undergo protocol blood sampling
• Subject must be able to comply with dosing instructions for study drug administration and able to complete study schedule of assessments
• Diagnosis of any of the following forms of chronic liver disease:
• primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), Autoimmune hepatitis, alpha-1-antitrypsin (A1AT) deficiency, Wilson disease, hemochromatosis, iron overload, prior known or suspected drug-induced liver injury (DILI)
• Current or prior history of any of the following:
• Clinically significant illness or any other major medical disorder that in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with subject treatment, assessment or compliance with the protocol
• Known positivity for HIV infection
• Active, untreated HCV infection
• Patients with prior history of HCV who achieved sustained virologic response (SVR) >12 from Day 1 may be included in the study
• Uncontrolled chronic HBV
• Patients with well controlled disease with >12 months of stable medication use (or no medication use, in those persons for whom anti-HBV therapy is not indicated)
• Clinical hepatic decompensation, defined as Child's Pugh class B or C cirrhosis (see
• History of biliary diversion
• Solid organ transplant
• Malignancy within the 5 years prior to screening, with the exception of specific cancers that have been cured by surgical resection (basal cell skin cancer, etc). Subjects under evaluation for possible malignancy are not eligible
• Pregnant or Nursing Females (a negative serum pregnancy test is required at screening for WOCBP)
• Life threatening SAE during the screening period
• Subjects having the following laboratory parameters at screening
• ALT > 10 x ULN
• AST > 10 x ULN
• Hemoglobin < 8.5 g/dl
• Serum creatinine > 2.0 mg/dL
• CK > 3x ULN
• Females who may wish to become pregnant and/or plan to undergo egg harvesting during the study and up to 30 days of the last dose of study drug
• WOCBP must abstain from breastfeeding and be willing to use effective birth control during through the week 4 post treatment follow-up visit
• Clinically relevant alcohol or drug abuse within 12 months of screening
• Use of any prohibited concomitant medications as described in Section 9.1.1
• Use of a statin medication within 90 days of Day 1 visit
• Subjects who are on a current statin at time of consent must be willing to undergo a 90-day washout period prior to randomization
• Known hypersensitivity to Atorvastatin
• Current or planned participation in an investigational new drug (IND) trial from 30-days prior to randomization through the week 4 post treatment follow-up visit
A Comparison of TULSA Procedure vs. Radical Prostatectomy in Participants With Localized Prostate Cancer (CAPTAIN)
Men with localized, intermediate risk prostate cancer will be randomized to undergo either radical prostatectomy or the TULSA procedure, with a follow-up of 10 years in this multi-centered randomized control trial. This study will determine whether the TULSA procedure is as effective and more safe compared to radical prostatectomy.
• Age 40 to 80 years, with >10 years life expectancy
• NCCN (favorable and unfavourable) intermediate-risk prostate cancer on biopsy acquired within last 12 months
• Stage ≤cT2c, N0, M0
• ISUP Grade Group 2 or 3 disease on TRUS-guided biopsy or in-bore biopsy
• PSA ≤20ng/mL within last 3 months
• Planned ablation volume is < 3 cm axial radius from urethra on mpMRI acquired within last 6 months
• Inability to undergo MRI or general anesthesia
• Suspected tumor is > 30 mm from the prostatic urethra
• Prostate calcifications > 3 mm in maximum extent obstructing ablation of tumor
• Unresolved urinary tract infection or prostatitis
• History of proctitis, bladder stones, hematuria, history of acute urinary retention, severe neurogenic bladder
• Artificial urinary sphincter, penile implant, or intraprostatic implant
• Patients who are otherwise not deemed candidates for radical prostatectomy
• Inability or unwillingness to provide informed consent
• History of anal or rectal fibrosis or stenosis, or urethral stenosis, or other abnormality challenging insertion of devices
Durvalumab (MEDI4736) and Tremelimumab for Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Patients Listed for a Liver Transplant
Immunotherapy can safely downstage patients and achieve durable systemic disease control to improve clinical outcomes in HCC patients undergoing liver transplant.
• Hepatocellular carcinoma, diagnosed either by biopsy or by combination of cirrhosis and imaging criteria (contrast-enhanced CT or MRI).
• Tumor within UCSF criteria for transplant: either one lesion ≤6.5 cm; or up to 3 lesions, none >4.5 cm, with a total diameter ≤8 cm, with no vascular invasion and no evidence of extrahepatic disease.
• Patient evaluated by institutional Liver Transplant team and listed for transplant.
• At least 1 lesion, not previously irradiated, that qualifies as a RECIST 1.1 target lesion (TL) at baseline. Tumor assessment by computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) must be performed within 28 days prior to randomization.
• No prior therapy for HCC at any time.
• Age ≥18 years at the time of study entry.
• ECOG score of 0 or 1
• Child-Pugh Score of 5, 6, or 7
• Body weight >30 kg
• Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined in protocol
• Capable of giving signed informed consent which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the informed consent form (ICF) and in this protocol.
• Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up.
• Extrahepatic disease.
• Variceal bleeding during 3 months prior to registration.
• Any autoimmune disease deemed a risk in the setting of immunotherapy per treating physician's judgment.
• Any other illness or patient condition deemed a medical or logistical barrier for protocol therapy per treating physician's judgment.
• Concurrent enrollment in another clinical study, unless it is an observational (non-interventional) clinical study or during the follow-up period of an interventional study
• Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product during the last 12 months Patients who have received other investigational agents previously who are no longer receiving these investigational agents may be eligible at the discretion of the PI.
• Major surgical procedure (as defined by the Investigator) within 28 days prior to the first dose of IP. Note: Local surgery of isolated lesions for palliative intent is acceptable.
• History of allogenic organ transplantation.
• History of another primary malignancy except for:
• Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease ≥5 years before the first dose of IP and of low potential risk for recurrence
• Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease
• Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease
• Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease [e.g., colitis or Crohn's disease], diverticulitis [with the exception of diverticulosis], systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc.]). The following are exceptions to this criterion:
• Patients with vitiligo or alopecia
• Patients with hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement
• Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy
• Patients without active disease in the last 5 years may be included but only after consultation with the study physician
• Patients with celiac disease controlled by diet alone
• Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, interstitial lung disease, serious chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirement, substantially increase risk of incurring AEs or compromise the ability of the patient to give written informed consent
• History of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
• History of active primary immunodeficiency
• Active infection including tuberculosis (clinical evaluation that includes clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, and TB testing in line with local practice), hepatitis B (known positive HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) result), hepatitis C, Patients with a past or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody [anti-HBc] and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. Patients positive for hepatitis C (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA.
• Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of durvalumab or tremelimumab. The following are exceptions to this criterion:
• Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (e.g., intra articular injection)
• Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent
• Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., CT scan premedication)
• Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of IP. Note: Patients, if enrolled, should not receive live vaccine while receiving IP and up to 30 days after the last dose of IP.
• Female patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding or male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not willing to employ effective birth control from screening to 180 days after the last dose of durvalumab + tremelimumab combination therapy.
• Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or any of the study drug excipients.
• Prior randomization or treatment in a previous durvalumab and/or tremelimumab clinical study regardless of treatment arm assignment.
• Judgment by the investigator that the patient is unsuitable to participate in the study and the patient is unlikely to comply with study procedures, restrictions and requirements.
An Open-Label Study of Oral NNZ-2591 in Pitt Hopkins Syndrome (PTHS-001) (PTHS-001)
A study of the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of NNZ-2591 and measures of efficacy in children and adolescents with Pitt Hopkins Syndrome.
• Clinical diagnosis of PTHS with a documented disease-causing genetic etiology for the disorder.
• Males or females aged 3-17 years.
• Body weight of 12kg or higher at screening
• Subjects with a Clinical Global Impression- Severity (CGI-S) score of 4 or greater at the Screening visit.
• Not actively undergoing regression or loss of skills, defined as no persistent loss of previously acquired developmental skills for a period within 3 months of the Screening visit
• Each subject must be able to swallow the study medication provided as a liquid solution.
• Caregiver(s) must have sufficient English language skills.
• Body weight <12kg at screening
• Clinically significant abnormalities in safety laboratory tests and vital signs at Screening.
• Abnormal QTcF interval or prolongation at Screening.
• Any other clinically significant finding on ECG at the Screening visit.
• Positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARSCoV-2) and previous COVID 19 infection with last 12 months that required hospitalization.
• Unstable or changes Psychotropic treatment 2 weeks prior to screening
• Excluded concomitant treatments.
• Actively undergoing regression or loss of skills.
• Unstable seizure profile.
• Current clinically significant renal conditions and abnormalities
• Current clinically significant cardiovascular, hepatic, gastrointestinal, respiratory, endocrine disease, or clinically significant organ impairment.
• Current clinically significant hypo- or hyperthyroidism, Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes mellitus requiring insulin (whether well controlled or uncontrolled), or uncontrolled Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes.
• Has planned surgery during the study.
• History of, or current, cerebrovascular disease or brain trauma.
• History of, or current catatonia or catatonia-like symptoms.
• History of, or current, malignancy.
• Current major or persistent depressive disorder (including bipolar depression).
• Significant, uncorrected visual or uncorrected hearing impairment.
• Allergy to strawberry.
• Positive pregnancy test
• Subject is judged by the Investigator or Medical Monitor to be inappropriate for the study
NP-G2-044 as Monotherapy and Combination Therapy in Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumor Malignancies
Multicenter, open-label study in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumor malignancies to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and preliminary anti-tumor efficacy, PK, and pharmacodynamics of continuously dosed NP-G2-044 monotherapy and NP-G2-044 in combination with anti-PD-1 therapy.
• Male or female ≥18 years of age;
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1;
• Able to swallow capsules;
• Adequate organ and bone marrow function, defined by the following: ANC >1500 cells/μL; Hemoglobin >9.0 g/dL; Platelet count >100,000 cells/μL; Total bilirubin ≤1.5 mg/dL; Albumin ≥3.0 g/dL; Alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and gamma-glutamyl transferase ≤2.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN); Creatinine clearance ≥50 mL/min/1.73 m2; and Prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time ≤1.5 × ULN.
• Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test at Screening and within 72 hours before the first dose of NP-G2-044. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required and must be negative for the patient to be eligible; Note: A woman is considered to be childbearing potential unless she is postmenopausal (≥1 year without menses and confirmed with a follicle-stimulating hormone [FSH] test) or surgically sterilized via bilateral oophorectomy, hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or successful Essure® placement with a documented confirmation test at least 3 months after the procedure.
• Male patients must be surgically sterile or willing to use a highly effective double-barrier contraception method (eg, male condom with diaphragm or male condom with cervical cap) upon study entry, while on NP-G2-044, and for a period of at least 4 months following the last dose of NP-G2-044; and
• Able to understand and voluntarily sign a written informed consent form (ICF) and willing and able to comply with protocol requirements. Inclusion Criteria for NP-G2-044 Monotherapy: Patients must meet all the following criteria to receive NP-G2-044 monotherapy in the study:
• Have a histopathologically confirmed advanced or metastatic solid tumor malignancy that is either treatment-refractory or otherwise ineligible for treatment with standard of care agents/regimens; and
• Have measurable disease per RECIST 1.1.; and
• For monotherapy expansion cohort (after the Mono-RP2D has been identified), patients must have:
• Gynecologic malignancies including ovarian, endometrial/uterine, fallopian tube, cervical, vulvar, and vaginal cancers; or
• Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-high (2+ or 3+ staining per DAKO criteria or genomic sequencing data showing 3 or more copies of the EGFR gene) triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Inclusion Criterion for NP-G2-044 Combination Therapy Patients must meet the following criterion to receive NP-G2-044 in combination with anti-PD-1 therapy in the study:
• Have initiated anti-PD-1 therapy in accordance with the package insert and have been receiving the anti-PD-1 therapy for ≥3 months (with therapy currently ongoing) and have stable disease, or had an initial period of stable disease and now have an initial scan demonstrating progressive disease per RECIST 1.1.
• Received chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks or 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter, of the first dose of NP-G2-044; Note: Prior immunotherapy is allowed for patients receiving NP-G2-044 monotherapy.
• Unresolved toxicities from previous anti-cancer therapy, defined as toxicities (other than NCI CTCAE v5.0 Grade ≤2 alopecia or neuropathy) not yet resolved to NCI CTCAE v5.0 Grade ≤1; Note: Patients who experienced a Grade ≥3 anti-PD-1-related AE per NCI CTCAE v5.0 are excluded unless recovered and reviewed by the Novita Medical Monitor or designee.
• Receiving any other investigational agent(s) or have received an investigational agent within 4 weeks of the first dose of NP-G2-044;
• Known untreated brain metastases or treated brain metastases that have not been radiographically and clinically stable (ie, not requiring steroids) ≥4 weeks prior to study enrollment;
• QTc by Fridericia method >470 msec or electrocardiogram (ECG) with evidence of clinically meaningful conduction abnormalities or active ischemia as determined by the Investigator;
• Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, symptomatic congestive heart failure, hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, autoimmune or inflammatory diseases, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements;
• Pregnant, lactating, or is planning to attempt to become pregnant or impregnate someone during the study or within 90 days after dosing of NP-G2-044;
• Received prior allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or allogenic bone marrow transplantation;
• Received prior solid organ transplantation;
• Ongoing immunosuppressive therapy (≥10 mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent);
• Requires the use of a strong inhibitor or inducer of cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4, CYP1A2, or CYP2D6 during the study;
• History of clinically meaningful gastrointestinal bleeding, intestinal obstruction, or gastrointestinal perforation within 6 months of study enrollment; or
• Excluded by the Sponsor due to medical history, physical examination findings, clinical laboratory results, prior medications, or other entrance criteria.
A Randomized, Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Effectiveness of the Route 92 Medical Reperfusion System (SUMMIT MAX)
The SUMMIT MAX study is a prospective, randomized, controlled, interventional clinical trial to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Route 92 Medical MonoPoint® Reperfusion System for aspiration thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke patients.
• The consent process has been completed and documented according to applicable country regulations and as approved by the IRB / Ethics Committee
• Age >=18 years and <= 85
• Patient presenting with clinical signs consistent with an acute ischemic stroke
• Baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score >= 6
• Pre-stroke modified Rankin Score (mRS) <= 1
• Baseline ASPECTS >= 6
• Endovascular treatment initiated (defined as time of first angiogram) within 8 hours from time last known well
• If indicated, thrombolytic therapy shall be initiated per clinical guidelines. If eligible for thrombolytic therapy, subjects should be treated as soon as possible and lytic use should not be delayed regardless of potential eligibility for mechanical neurothrombectomy.
• The patient is indicated for aspiration neurothrombectomy with the Route 92 Medical Reperfusion System as determined by the Investigator
• Angiographic confirmation of a large vessel occlusion of the M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery or distal internal carotid artery
• Known pregnancy or breast feeding
• In the Investigator's opinion, any known comorbidity (including COVID-19 positivity) that may complicate treatment or prevent improvement or follow-up
• Known serious, advanced, or terminal illness with anticipated life expectancy < 12 months
• Known history of severe allergy to contrast medium
• Known to have suffered a stroke in the past 90 days
• Known connective tissue disorder affecting the arteries (e.g. Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome)
• Any known previous cerebral hemorrhagic event
• Any known pre-existing coagulation deficiency
• Known hemorrhagic diathesis, coagulation factor deficiency, or oral anticoagulant therapy with INR >3.0
• Known baseline platelet count <50,000/µL
• Known baseline blood glucose of <50 mg/dL or >400 mg/dL
• Known to be participating in another study involving an investigational device or drug
• Clinical symptoms suggestive of bilateral stroke or stroke in multiple territories.
• Computed Tomography (CT) or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) evidence of recent/ fresh cerebral hemorrhage (the presence of microbleeds is allowed)
• Baseline CT or MRI showing intracranial tumor (except small meningioma <= 2cm) or significant mass effect with midline shift due to the tumor
• Presumed septic thrombus, or suspicion of bacterial endocarditis
• Inability to access the cerebral vasculature in the opinion of the neurointerventional team
• Unlikely to be available for a 90-day follow-up (e.g. no fixed home address)
• Evidence of carotid dissection
• Evidence of cervical carotid artery high-grade stenosis or occlusion (i.e., tandem occlusion)
• Active or recent history of drug abuse (within last 6 months)
• Known history or presence of aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in the territory of the target lesion
• For all patients, severe sustained hypertension with SBP >200 and/or DBP >120; for patients treated with IV tPA, sustained hypertension despite treatment with SBP >185 and/or DBP >110
• Treatment with heparin within 48 hours with a partial thromboplastic time more than two times the laboratory normal
• Renal failure with serum creatinine >3.0 or Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) <30
• Ongoing seizure due to stroke
• Evidence of active systemic infection
• Known cancer with metastases
• Cervical carotid stenosis requiring balloon angioplasty or stenting at the time of the procedure
• Angiographic evidence of multiple cerebrovascular occlusions (e.g., bilateral anterior circulation, anterior/posterior circulation)
• Angiographic evidence of known or suspected underlying intracranial vasculopathy or atherosclerotic lesions responsible for the target occlusion
• Angiographic evidence or suspicion of aortic dissection
A Study of Intravesical Enfortumab Vedotin For Treatment of Patients With Non-muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer (NMIBC)
This study will test a drug called enfortumab vedotin in participants with a type of bladder cancer called non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). This study will also evaluate what the side effects are and if the drug works to treat NMIBC. A side effect is anything a drug does to your body besides treating your disease. In this study enfortumab vedotin will be put into the bladder using a catheter. A catheter is a thin tube that can be put into your bladder.
• Histologically confirmed, non-muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma with carcinoma in situ (CIS) (with or without papillary disease)
• Predominant histologic component (>50 percent) must be urothelial (transitional cell) carcinoma
• Participants must have high-risk Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) - unresponsive disease, defined as (where adequate BCG therapy is defined as one of the following: 5 of 6 doses of an initial induction course + at least 2 of 3 doses maintenance therapy or 5 of 6 doses of an initial induction course + at least 2 of 6 doses of a second induction course):
• Persistent or recurrent CIS alone or with recurrent Ta/T1 (noninvasive papillary disease/tumor invades the subepithelial connective tissue) disease within 12 months of completion of adequate BCG therapy.
• Recurrent high-grade Ta/T1 disease within 6 months of completion of adequate BCG therapy, or
• T1 high-grade disease at the first evaluation following an induction BCG course (at least 5 or 6 doses)
• Participant must be ineligible for or refusing a radical cystectomy
• All visible papillary Ta/T1 tumors must be completely resected within 60 days prior to enrollment.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status score of 0, 1, or 2.
• Current or prior history of muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma or metastatic disease.
• Nodal or metastatic disease as noted on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within 3 months prior to study treatment
• Concomitant upper tract urothelial carcinoma as noted on CT or MRI urogram performed within 3 months prior to study treatment
• Prior or concomitant urothelial carcinoma of the prostatic urethra within 6 months prior to study treatment
• Participants with tumor-related hydronephrosis
• Participant has received other systemic anticancer therapy including chemotherapy, biologic therapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, endocrine therapy, and/or investigational agent within 4 weeks or intravesical therapy within 6 weeks of first dose of study treatment
• Participant has had any prior radiation to the bladder for urothelial cancer
Study of Zirconium Zr 89 Crefmirlimab Berdoxam PET/CT in Subjects With Advanced or Metastatic Malignancies (iPREDICT)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether zirconium Zr 89 crefmirlimab berdoxam (other names 89Zr-crefmirlimab berdoxam, 89Zr-Df-crefmirlimab, 89Zr-Df-IAB22M2C) PET/CT can predict the response of advanced or metastatic melanoma, Merkel cell carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, or non-small cell lung cancer tumors to immuno-oncology therapy.
• Subjects will be eligible for enrollment in the study if they meet ONE criteria a, b or c in point 1 and ALL the criteria in points 2-9.
• Subjects must meet ONE of the criteria a, b or c below:
• For enrollment into Cohort A: Subjects with histologically confirmed advanced or metastatic non-uveal/non-mucosal melanoma or merkel cell carcinoma (MCPyV positive and negative) who are not amenable to surgical cure and are candidates to receive single- or combined IOT alone (not to include cytotoxic chemotherapy) as first or second line treatment.
• For enrollment into Cohort B: Subjects with histologically confirmed advanced or metastatic clear cell Renal Cell Carcinoma or Renal Cell Carcinoma with sarcomatoid features (regardless of subtype) as defined on pathologic examination by a component of clear cell or sarcomatoid, who are not amenable to surgical cure and are candidates to receive single- or combined IOT alone or IOT in combination with VEGFR-directed or tyrosine kinase inhibitor (not to include cytotoxic chemotherapy) as first or second line treatment
• For enrollment into Cohort C: Subjects with histologically confirmed advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer without non-smoker/driver mutations who are not amenable to surgical cure, and are candidates to receive single- or combined IOT alone (not to include cytotoxic chemotherapy) as first or second line treatment as per the label/prescribing information at the physicians discretion. i. Patients with driver mutations that are expected to show significant benefit from first line checkpoint inhibiter treatment (such as KRAS G12C mutations) are eligible if all other I/E criteria are met Subjects must meet All of the criteria 2-9 below:
• At least 1 RECIST 1.1-measurable. non-irradiated, non-osseous (unless there is an associated measurable soft-tissue component) lesion documented on intravenous (IV) contrast-enhanced CT or MRI (per RECIST criteria 1.1) prior to first zirconium Zr 89 crefmirlimab berdoxam administration.
• Has an adequate amount of time between their prior treatment/procedure and the 1st administration of zirconium Zr 89 crefmirlimab berdoxam.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤2 and anticipated survival of at least 6 months.
• Meeting all clinical safety lab values per institution's SOC, or investigator's discretion, for subjects receiving cancer treatment.
• Male or female age ≥18 years.
• Ability to understand the purposes and risks of the trial and has signed an Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved informed consent form.
• Willingness and ability to comply with all protocol required procedures.
• For men and women of child-producing potential, use of effective double barrier contraceptive methods during the study, up to 30 days after the last administration of the investigational product.
• Subjects will NOT be eligible for enrollment in the study if they meet ANY of the following criteria:
• Bone-only disease without a measurable soft tissue component on conventional imaging (MRI, PET, CT).
• Subjects with skin-only (cutaneous) lesions will be excluded from the tumor biopsy assessment.
• Serious nonmalignant disease, additional active malignant disease or conditions that in the opinion of the investigator and/or ImaginAb could compromise protocol objectives.
• Subjects with splenic dysfunction or who are status post splenectomy. Post-splenectomy subjects who develop an accessory spleen with clinical and radiographic evidence of splenic function will be allowed with prior approval from the Sponsor.
• Corticosteroid therapy is prohibited if used for the treatment of inflammatory or autoimmune conditions. Patients with adrenal insufficiency from prior surgery or immunotherapy toxicity may be on standard chronic replacement doses of hydrocortisone that also require sporadic use of stress doses of steroid .
• Pregnant women or nursing mothers.
Study of GS-1811 Given Alone or With Zimberelimab in Adults With Advanced Solid Tumors
This is a first-in-human (FIH) study to evaluate the safety and tolerability and to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and/or the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of GS-1811 as monotherapy and in combination with Zimberelimab in participants with advanced solid tumors. This study will be conducted in 5 parts (Parts A, B, and E: monotherapy, Parts C and D: combination therapy), in participants with advanced solid tumors who have received, been intolerant to, or been ineligible for all treatments known to confer clinical benefit or in participants with select solid tumors.
• Part A: Individuals with histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced solid tumors who have received, been intolerant to, or been ineligible for all treatment known to confer clinical benefit.
• Part B: Individuals with histologically or cytologically confirmed select indications who have received, been intolerant to, or been ineligible for all treatment known to confer clinical benefit.
• Part C: Individuals with histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced solid tumors who have received, been intolerant to, or been ineligible for all treatment known to confer clinical benefit or whose disease is indicated for anti-PD-(L)1 monoclonal antibody monotherapy.
• Part D: Individuals with pathologically confirmed select advanced solid tumors.
• Part E: Individuals with pathologically confirmed select advanced solid tumors. Participants must have received, have been intolerant to, or have been ineligible for all treatment known to confer clinical benefit.
• Measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1, or 2 for individuals in Parts A, B, and C, and 0 or 1 for individuals in Parts D and E.
• Adequate organ function.
• Male individuals and female individuals of childbearing potential who engage in heterosexual intercourse must agree to use methods of contraception.
• Tissue requirement:
• Parts A, C, D and E: Must provide pre-treatment adequate tumor tissue sample prior to enrolment.
• Part B: Must have fresh pre-treatment and on-treatment biopsy for biomarker analysis. Key
• Concurrent anticancer treatment.
• Any anti-cancer therapy, whether investigational or approved, within protocol specified time prior to initiation of study including: immunotherapy or biologic therapy (< 28 days), chemotherapy (< 21 days), targeted small molecule therapy (< 14 days), hormonal therapy or other adjunctive therapy (< 14 days) or radiotherapy (< 21 days).
• Any prior CCR8 directed therapy.
• Prior allogeneic tissue/solid organ transplantation, including allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Exception: prior corneal transplant without requirement for systemic immunosuppressive agents is allowed.
• Concurrent active malignancy other than nonmelanoma skin cancer, curatively resected carcinoma in situ, localized prostate cancer, or superficial bladder cancer after undergoing potentially curative therapy with no evidence of disease. Individuals with other previous malignancies are eligible if disease-free for > 2 years.
• History of intolerance, hypersensitivity, or treatment discontinuation due to severe immune-related adverse events (irAEs) on prior immunotherapy.
• History of autoimmune disease or active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within 2 years.
• History of pneumonitis, interstitial lung disease, or severe radiation pneumonitis (excluding localized radiation pneumonitis).
• Active and clinically relevant bacterial, fungal, or viral infection that is not controlled or requires IV antibiotics.
• Active hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV), and/or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
• Positive serum pregnancy test or breastfeeding female.
• Live vaccines within 30 days prior to first dose.
• Significant cardiovascular disease. Note: Other protocol defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria may apply.
Efficacy of an m-Health Cardiac Rehabilitation Program in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction
Heart failure (HF) portends substantial morbidity, mortality, and health care costs in the United States and the prevalence of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) relative to HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) has been increasing. HFpEF is associated with a high morbidity and mortality burden and is projected to be the predominant subtype of HF in the near future. While multiple therapies have proven efficacious for patients with HFrEF, no pharmacological agents have demonstrably been shown to improve outcomes in HFpEF, highlighting the need for novel approaches to HFpEF treatment. Exercise intolerance (EI) is the cardinal symptom of HFpEF, which manifests as dyspnea and fatigue. EI leads to functional deconditioning and reduced quality of life (QOL), both of which elevate risk of death and hospitalization in patients with HFpEF. Supervised exercised training is associated with improvements in exercise capacity and QOL in adults with HFpEF. However, supervised exercise has not been widely utilized for the treatment of HFpEF due to logistical and fiscal barriers. Home-based exercise using an m-Health platform is an alternative to supervised exercise that can deliver clinician prescribed exercise interventions and wellness education though monitoring and care coordination. The goal of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a patient specific progressive home-based cardiac rehabilitation program leveraging the technology of the m-Health program in improving functional status, exercise capacity, and QOL in patients with HFpEF.
• Adults age> 18 years
• HFpEF with left ventricular ejection fraction >50%
• Clinically stable and no hospitalization in last 4 weeks
• Estimated glomerular filtration rate > 45 mL/min/1.73 m2 as measured by the simplified MDRD formula
• Stable diuretic regimen
• SPPB <10 or historical (within 12 months) or current Peak (measured or estimated) VO2 <= 60% predicted value for age and gender. Exclusion criteria:
• History of cancer or end stage lung disease
• Estimated glomerular filtration rate < 45 mL/min/1.73 m2 as measured by the simplified MDRD formula
• Recent HF decompensation
• Inability to do exercise test
• Inability to provide written informed consent
• History of falls
Allergic Disease Onset Prevention Study (adored)
This is a Phase 1b/2, randomized, double-blind, multi-center study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and preliminary clinical efficacy of STMC-103H in neonates and infants at risk for developing allergic disease (Type 1 hypersensitivity). Subjects will be enrolled in a three-part sequential approach. Participants in the safety-run portion of the study (Part A1: 1 year to <6 years of age and A2: 1 month to <12 months of age) will receive 28 days of treatment with STMC-103H or placebo, followed by 28 days of follow-up. A Data and Safety Monitoring Committee (DSMC) will review safety data after all patients in each part complete 28 days of therapy prior to enrolling the next part. After A2, Part B will enroll 224 patients for 336 days of treatment with STMC-103H or placebo, followed by 336 days of follow-up. Stool, blood, and optional samples will be collected in Parts A2 and part B. Primary safety endpoints are frequency, type and severity of Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs), as well as findings on physical exams, vitals, and safety laboratories. The primary efficacy endpoint is incidence of physician-diagnosed atopic dermatitis at day 336.
• All Parts (A1, A2, B)
• Subject's parent(s)/legal representative(s) providing consent must be 18 years or older
• Biological mother and/or biological father and/or full sibling(s), have a history of asthma, atopic dermatitis, food allergy, or allergic rhinitis as determined by the screening questionnaire
• Subject's parent(s)/legal representative(s) (if appropriate according to local laws) is/are willing and able to give informed consent for participation in the study
• Subject's parent(s)/legal representative(s) (if appropriate according to local laws) is/are willing and able, in the PI's opinion, to comply with all study requirements Part A1 Only Inclusion criteria 1-4 for all parts plus: 5 (A1). Subject is between 1 year and < 6 years old at the time of enrollment Part A2 Only Inclusion criteria 1-4 for all parts plus: 5 (A2). Subject is between 28 days and < 12 months of life at the time of enrollment 6 (A2). Subject's parent(s)/legal representative(s) do not plan to give probiotics (including infant formula that contain probiotics) to the subject during the trial Part B Only Inclusion criteria 1-4 for all parts plus: 5 (B). Subject is ≤ 14 days of life at the time of enrollment. Sites should make every effort to enroll newborns as soon as possible after birth. 6 (B). Subject has a birthweight ≥ 2.5 kg and ≤ 4.5 kg 7 (B). Subject's parent(s)/legal representative(s) do not plan to give probiotics (including infant formula that contain probiotics) to the subject from the time of birth to the end of the trial.
• All Parts (A1, A2, B)
• Subject's twin (or higher order multiple) is enrolled in STMC-103H-102
• Subject has any congenital abnormalities or condition, significant disease, illness, physical exam finding, or disorder that, in the opinion of the PI, may put the subject at safety risk or is likely to hinder feeding or affect metabolism that may influence the results of the study. (Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (jaundice), including jaundice that requires phototherapy, should not be considered exclusionary).
• Subject is acutely ill or on systemic antibiotics at the time of enrollment
• Subject is participating in another interventional clinical study involving investigational medication, formula, probiotic, or prebiotic use within 30 days (or five half-lives, whichever is longer) of this study
• Subject has evidence of immune deficiency/immune compromise in the judgment of the investigator Part B Only Exclusion Criteria 1-5 for all parts plus: 6 (B). Subject was born at < 35 weeks' gestation 7 (B). Biological maternal medical condition during the pregnancy that, in the opinion of the PI, may put the subject at risk because of participation in the study. (Maternal antibiotics during the time of delivery should not be considered exclusionary.)
Combination Trial of Tipifarnib and Alpelisib in Adult Recurrent/ Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (R/M HNSCC)
This phase 1/2 combination trial of tipifarnib, a farnesyltransferase inhibitor, and alpelisib, a PI3K inhibitor in participants with recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) whose tumors overexpress the HRAS protein and/or are PIK3CA-mutated and/or PIK3CA-amplified.
• At least 18 years of age.
• Histologically confirmed head and neck cancer of squamous histology not amenable to local therapy with curative intent (surgery or radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy).
• Documented treatment failure from at least 1 prior systemic therapy in the R/M setting, unless determined not appropriate.
• Measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1.
• Has a tumor that is dependent upon HRAS and/or PIK3CA.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1.
• Acceptable liver, renal, endocrine, and hematologic function.
• Must be able to swallow alpelisib whole tablet or oral suspension containing crushed tablets. Feeding tube may not be used for alpelisib administration.
• Other protocol defined inclusion criteria may apply.
• Histologically confirmed salivary gland, thyroid, (primary) cutaneous squamous or nonsquamous histologies (eg, mucosal melanoma).
• Ongoing treatment with certain anticancer agents.
• Prior treatment (at least 1 full treatment cycle) with an FTI or PI3K, mTOR, or AKT inhibitor.
• Received treatment for unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and/or cerebro-vascular attack within the prior 6 months.
• Non-tolerable Grade 2, or ≥ Grade 3 neuropathy or evidence of unstable neurological symptoms within 4 weeks of Cycle 1 Day 1.
• Major surgery, other than diagnostic surgery, within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1 Day 1, without complete recovery.
• Active, uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infections requiring systemic therapy.
• Participant with an established diagnosis of diabetes mellitus Type 1 or not controlled Type 2.
• Participant has impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of the trial drugs based on Investigator discretion.
• Participant has currently documented pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease.
• Participant has a history of severe cutaneous reaction, such as Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS), Erythema Multiforme (EM), Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN), or Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS).
• Other protocol defined exclusion criteria may apply.
A Study to Compare Early Use of Vinorelbine and Maintenance Therapy for Patients With High Risk Rhabdomyosarcoma
This phase III trial compares the safety and effect of adding vinorelbine to vincristine, dactinomycin, and cyclophosphamide (VAC) for the treatment of patients with high risk rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). High risk refers to cancer that is likely to recur (come back) after treatment or spread to other parts of the body. This study will also examine if adding maintenance therapy after VAC therapy, with or without vinorelbine, will help get rid of the cancer and/or lower the chance that the cancer comes back. Vinorelbine and vincristine are in a class of medications called vinca alkaloids. They work by stopping cancer cells from growing and dividing and may kill them. Dactinomycin is a type of antibiotic that is only used in cancer chemotherapy. It works by damaging the cell's deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and may kill cancer cells. Cyclophosphamide is in a class of medications called alkylating agents. It works by damaging the cell's DNA and may kill cancer cells. It may also lower the body's immune response. Vinorelbine, vincristine, dactinomycin and cyclophosphamide are chemotherapy medications that work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. This trial may have the potential to eliminate rhabdomyosarcoma for a long time or for the rest of patient's life.
• Patients must be =< 50 years of age at the time of enrollment
• Patients with newly diagnosed RMS of any subtype, except adult-type pleomorphic, based upon institutional histopathologic classification are eligible to enroll on the study based upon stage, group, and age, as below. FOXO1 fusion status must be determined by week 4 (day 28) of therapy. RMS types included under embryonal RMS (ERMS) include those classified in the 1995 International Classification of Rhabdomyosarcoma (ICR) as ERMS (classic, spindle cell, and botryoid variants), which are reclassified in the 2020 World Health Organization (WHO) Classification as ERMS (classic, dense and botryoid variants) and spindle cell/sclerosing RMS (encompassing the historical spindle cell ERMS variant and the newly recognized sclerosing RMS variant). Classification of alveolar RMS (ARMS) in the 2020 WHO Classification is the same as in the ICR and includes classic and solid variants
• Stage 4, group IV, >= 10 years of age
• Stage 4, group IV Patients will be eligible to remain on protocol therapy based upon stage, group, and age
• Bone marrow metastatic disease is based on morphologic evidence of RMS based on hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stains. In the absence of morphologic evidence of marrow involvement on H&E, patients with bone marrow involvement detected ONLY by flow cytometry, reverse transcriptase (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), or immunohistochemistry will NOT be considered to have clinical bone marrow involvement for the purposes of this study
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (must be performed within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• Age; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL)
• 1 month to < 6 months; 0.4 mg/dL (male); 0.4 mg/dL (female)
• 6 months to < 1 year; 0.5 mg/dL (male); 0.5 mg/dL (female)
• 1 to < 2 years; 0.6 mg/dL (male); 0.6 mg/dL (female)
• 2 to < 6 years; 0.8 mg/dL (male); 0.8 mg/dL (female)
• 6 to < 10 years; 1 mg/dL (male); 1 mg/dL (female)
• 10 to < 13 years; 1.2 mg/dL (male); 1.2 mg/dL (female)
• 13 to < 16 years; 1.5 mg/dL (male); 1.4 mg/dL (female)
• >= 16 years; 1.7 mg/dL (male); 1.4 mg/dL (female)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (must be performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• If there is evidence of biliary obstruction by tumor, then total bilirubin must be < 3 x ULN for age
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
• Patients with evidence of uncontrolled infection are not eligible
• RMS that is considered a second malignancy and previous cancer(s) that were treated with chemotherapy and/or radiation. Surgical resection alone of previous cancer(s) is allowed
• Patients with central nervous system involvement of RMS as defined below:
• Malignant cells detected in cerebrospinal fluid
• Intra-parenchymal brain metastasis separate and distinct from primary tumor (i.e., direct extension from parameningeal primary tumors is allowed).
• Diffuse leptomeningeal disease
• Patients who have received any chemotherapy (excluding steroids) and/or radiation therapy for RMS prior to enrollment.
• Note: the following exception:
• Patients requiring emergency radiation therapy for RMS. These patients are eligible, provided they are consented to ARST2031 prior to administration of radiation
• Note: Patients who have received or are receiving chemotherapy or radiation for non-malignant conditions (e.g. autoimmune diseases) are eligible. Patients must discontinue chemotherapy for non-malignant conditions prior to starting protocol therapy
• Vincristine and vinorelbine are sensitive substrates of CYP450 3A4 isozyme. Patients must not have received drugs that are moderate to strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and inducers within 7 days prior to study enrollment
• Female patients who are pregnant since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs. A pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
[18F]PT2385 PET/CT in Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma
This is an exploratory study to assess [18F]PT2385 Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This is an open-label, nontherapeutic trial. The main objective is to correlate hypoxia-inducible factor-2alpha (HIF2α) levels as determined by an investigational [18F]PT2385 PET/CT scan with the levels on subsequently obtained tissue by HIF2α immunohistochemistry (IHC). There will be three cohorts. The first pre-surgical cohort will have [18F]PT2385 PET/CT prior to nephrectomy. The uptake and retention on Positron Emission Tomography (PET), quantified as standardized uptake value (SUV) max and mean, abbreviated SUV henceforth will be correlated with HIF2α levels by IHC on the primary tumor. The second cohort will comprise patients with metastatic clear cell renal carcinoma (ccRCC). SUV will be correlated with HIF2α levels measured by IHC on a biopsy sample from a metastasis. Both low- and high-avidity sites will be biopsied and tracer uptake correlated with HIF2α IHC. A third cohort will include patients with Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome and any of the following disease manifestations - RCC, central nervous system (CNS) hemangioblastoma, and/or pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor(s). Investigational imaging will evaluate HIF2α expression within a tumor type and across different tumor types. A biopsy is encouraged but not mandatory for this cohort.
• Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent that includes study interventions (PET/CT and, if cohort 2, mandatory biopsy).
• Ability to lie still for a 30- to 60-minute PET/CT scan.
• One of the following:
• Cohort 1. Patients with suspected RCC planned for surgery.
• Cohort 2. Patients with metastatic ccRCC or VHL syndrome and RCC. Biopsy is required (planned resection for treatment reasons of a metastatic site is acceptable in lieu of the biopsy).
• Cohort 3. Patients with VHL syndrome with RCC, CNS hemangioblastoma, and/or pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor(s) planning to start belzutifan.
• Patients with liver dysfunction will be considered "patients of special interest," and enrollment is allowed with or without criteria outlined for Cohorts 1-3. Liver dysfunction is defined clinically and is typically supported by abnormalities in imaging or laboratory studies (alanine / aspartate amino-transferase, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, or international normalized range (INR) for prothrombin time).
• Women of child-bearing potential must agree to undergo and have documented a negative pregnancy test on the day of [18F]PT2385 administration. A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:
• Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
• Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
• Uncontrolled severe and irreversible intercurrent illness or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
• Subjects must not be pregnant or nursing due to the potential for congenital abnormalities and the potential of this regimen to harm nursing infants.
• Claustrophobia or other contraindications to PET/CT.
• Subjects must not weigh more than the maximum weight limit for the table for the PET/CT scanner where the study is being performed (>200 kilograms or 440 pounds).
• For cohort 2 patients, lack of suitable sites for mandatory biopsy. For example, patients with metastatic disease restricted to the lungs that would require percutaneous biopsies with associated risk of bleeding and pneumothorax will be excluded.
Clinical Study of Cannabidiol in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults With Fragile X Syndrome (RECONNECT)
This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multiple-center study, to assess the efficacy and safety of Cannabidiol administered as ZYN002 for the treatment of children, adolescent, and young adult patients with Fragile X Syndrome (FXS). Eligible participants will participate in up to an 18-week treatment period, where all participants will receive placebo or active study drug. Patients ages 3 to < 23 years will be eligible to participate.
• Male or female children and adolescents aged 3 to < 23 years, at the time of Screening.
• Patient resides with caregiver who will continue to provide consistent care throughout the study.
• Judged by the Investigator to be in generally good health at Screening based upon the results of medical history, physical exam, 12-lead ECG and clinical laboratory test results. -Laboratory results outside the reference range must be documented as not clinically significant by both the Investigator and Sponsor.
• Participants must have a diagnosis of FXS through molecular documentation of full mutation of the FMR1 gene documented through genetic testing at Screening.
• Patients with a history of seizure disorders must currently be receiving treatment with a stable regimen of no more than two anti-seizure medications (ASMs) for the four weeks preceding study Screening; or must be seizure-free for one year if not currently receiving ASMs.
• Patients taking psychoactive medication(s) should be on a stable regimen of not more than three such medications for at least fours weeks preceding Screening and must maintain that regimen throughout the study. Psychoactive medications include (but are not limited to) antipsychotics, antidepressants, anxiolytics, attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications, and medications for sleep.
• If patients are receiving non-pharmacological, behavioral and/or dietary interventions, they must be stable and have been doing so for three months prior to screening.
• Patients have a body mass index between 12-30 kg/m2 (inclusive).
• Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at the Screening Visit and a negative serum or urine pregnancy test at all designated visits.
• Patients and parents/caregivers must be adequately informed of the nature and risks of the study and given written informed consent prior to Screening.
• Patients and parents/caregivers agree to abide by all study restrictions and comply with all study procedures, and in the Investigator's opinion, are reliable and willing and able to comply with all protocol requirements and procedures.
• Females who are pregnant, nursing or planning a pregnancy; females of childbearing potential and male patients with a partner of childbearing potential who are unwilling or unable to use an acceptable method of contraception as outlined below for the duration of therapy and for three months after the last dose of study medication. Standard acceptable methods of contraception include abstinence (defined as refraining from heterosexual intercourse from screening to three months after the last dose of study medication) or the use of a highly effective method of contraception, including hormonal contraception, diaphragm, cervical cap, vaginal sponge, condom, spermicide, vasectomy, or intrauterine device. The reliability of sexual abstinence needs to be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Periodic abstinence (calendar, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) is not an acceptable method of contraception.
• Patient has transitioned to independent living or living in a residential facility such as a university setting or congregate care.
• History of significant allergic condition, significant drug-related hypersensitivity, or allergic reaction to any compound or chemical class related to ZYN002 or its excipients.
• Exposure to any investigational drug or device less than or equal to 30 days prior to Screening or at any time during the study.
• Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or total bilirubin levels greater than or equal to 2 times the upper limit of normal or alkaline phosphatase levels greater than or equal to 3 times the upper limit of normal.
• Use of cannabis or any THC or CBD-containing product within 3 months of Screening Visit or during the study (aside from ZYN002).
• Patient has a positive drug screen, including ethanol, cocaine, THC, barbiturates, amphetamines (unless prescribed), benzodiazepines (except midazolam or comparable administered for blood draws and ECG collection), and opiates.
• Patient is using the following AEDs (medications for the treatment of seizures and/ or epilepsy): clobazam, phenobarbital, ethosuximide, felbamate, carbamazepine, phenytoin, or vigabatrin.
• Patient is using a strong inhibitor/inducer of CYP3A4 or sensitive substrate of CYP3A4 including but not limited to the following medications: midazolam (except single doses administered for the purposes of obtaining blood samples and ECG's), oral ketoconazole, fluconazole, nefazadone, rifampin, alfentanil, alfuzosin, amiodarone, cyclosporine, dasatinib, docetaxol, eplerenone, ergotamine, everolimus, fentanyl, halofantrine, irinotecan, lapatinib, levomethadyl, lumefantrine, nilotinib, pimozide, quinidine, ranolazine, sirolimus, tacrolimus, temsirolimus, toremifene, tretinioin, vincristine, vinorelbine, St. John's Wort, and grapefruit Juice/products.
• Patients may not be taking any benzodiazepines (except single doses administered for the purposes of obtaining blood samples and ECGs) at screening or throughout the study.
• Patient is expected to initiate or change pharmacologic or non-pharmacologic interventions during the course of the study.
• Patient has an advanced, severe, or unstable disease that may interfere with the study outcome evaluations.
• Patient has acute or progressive neurological disease, psychosis, schizophrenia or any other psychiatric disorder or severe mental abnormalities (other than FXS) that are likely to require changes in drug therapy or interfere with the study objectives or ability to adhere to protocol requirements.
• Patient has a positive result for the presence of HBsAg, HCV, or HIV antibodies.
• Patient has known history of cardiovascular disease, advanced arteriosclerosis, structural cardiac abnormality, cardiomyopathy, serious heart rhythm abnormalities, coronary artery disease, cardiac conduction problems, exercise-related cardiac events including syncope and pre-syncope, risk factors for Torsades de pointes (TdP) (e.g., heart failure, hypokalemia, family history of Long QT Syndrome), or other serious cardiac problems.
• Any clinically significant condition or abnormal findings at the Screening Visit that would, in the opinion of the Investigator, preclude study participation or interfere with the evaluation of the study medication.
• Any skin disease or condition including eczema, psoriasis, melanoma, acne, contact dermatitis, scarring, imperfections, lesions, tattoos, or discoloration that may affect treatment application, application site assessments or absorption of the trial drug.
• History of treatment for, or evidence of, drug abuse within the past year.
• Previous participation in a ZYN002 study (with the exception of patients who were screen failures in Study ZYN2-CL-016 and did not enter Study ZYN2-CL-017).
• Patient responds "yes" to Question 4 or 5 on the C-SSRS (Children) during Screening or at any time on study.
Live Music Therapy to Reduce Anxiety, Pain and Improve Sleep in Post-Operative Lung Transplant Patients: A Pilot Study
The purpose of this prospective pilot study is to determine if live music therapy reduces patients' perception of pain and anxiety, reduces benzodiazepine use and pain medication use, length of stay in the ICU, and length of stay in hospital, and improves sleep in post-lung transplant patients. The purpose and objectives of the study are the following: - To determine if music therapist delivered patient preferred live music and therapeutic intervention will reduce participant's perceived anxiety in post-lung transplant patients. - To determine if music therapist delivered patient preferred live music and therapeutic intervention will reduce participant's perceived pain in post-lung transplant patients. - To determine if music therapist delivered patient preferred live music and therapeutic intervention in post-lung transplant patients will reduce participant's use of benzodiazepine medication for anxiety. - To determine if music therapist delivered patient preferred live music and therapeutic intervention three times in post-lung transplant patients will reduce participant's use of pain medication. - To determine if music therapist delivered patient preferred live music and therapeutic intervention in post-lung transplant patients will reduce participant's total time of intubation, length of stay in ICU, and length of stay in the hospital. - To determine if music therapist delivered patient preferred live music and therapeutic intervention will improve the quality and length of sleep in post-lung transplant patients.
• All post-lung transplant patients at UTSW Clements University Hospital starting June 1, 2021
• Post-lung transplant patients with chests left open directly after OR (before being taken back to the OR and having their chests closed)
Afrezza® INHALE-1 Study in Pediatrics (INHALE-1)
INHALE-1 is a Phase 3, open-label, randomized clinical study evaluating the efficacy and safety of Afrezza in combination with a basal insulin (i.e., the Afrezza group) versus insulin aspart, insulin lispro or insulin glulisine in combination with a basal insulin (i.e., the Rapid-acting Insulin Analog [RAA] injection group) in pediatric subjects with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus. Following 26 weeks of randomized treatment (i.e., Afrezza or RAA injection combined with a basal insulin), all subjects will enter a treatment extension where subjects will receive Afrezza until Week 52. The purpose of the treatment extension is to assess safety and efficacy with continued use of Afrezza. Pediatric subjects ≥4 and <18 years of age will be enrolled in this study. Subjects will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to either the Afrezza group or the RAA injection group. The study is composed of: - Up to 5-week screening/run-in period - 26 week randomized treatment period - 26-week treatment extension - 4-week follow-up period
• Assent from the pediatric subject, as appropriate, and fully informed consent from the parent(s) or legal guardian, as required by both state and federal laws and the local Institutional Review Board (IRB)
• Subjects ≥4 and <18 years of age
• Clinical diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) per the Investigator and have been using insulin for at least 6 months for T1DM, or at least 3 months for T2DM
• Treatment with basal-bolus insulin therapy delivered by multiple daily injections for at least 2 weeks
• Bolus insulins are restricted to the RAAs insulin lispro, insulin aspart or insulin glulisine, including biosimilar products
• Basal insulins are restricted to insulin glargine, insulin degludec or insulin detemir, including biosimilar products
• Access to stable WiFi connection
• HbA1c ≥7.0% and ≤11%
• Average prandial dose of insulin ≥2 units per meal
• Utilized CGM for ≥70% of the time over a consecutive 14-day period preceding randomization
• History of recent blood transfusions (within previous 3 months), hemoglobinopathies, or any other conditions that affect HbA1c measurements
• Recent history of asthma (defined as using any medications to treat within the last year), any other clinically important pulmonary disease (e.g., cystic fibrosis or bronchopulmonary dysplasia), or significant congenital or acquired cardiopulmonary disease
• History of serious complications of diabetes (e.g., active proliferative retinopathy or symptomatic autonomic neuropathy), or likely need for specific treatment for diabetic retinopathy (laser photocoagulation, vitrectomy, other) in the next year
• FEV1 and FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC) ≤80% of predicted Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI) value
• Inability to achieve an acceptable FEV1 and FVC reading for subjects ≥8 years of age would make the subject ineligible
• For subjects <8 years of age who are unable to achieve an acceptable FVC reading, FEV1 only may be assessed; inability to achieve an acceptable FEV1 would make the subject ineligible
• Respiratory tract infection within 14 days before screening (subject may return 14 days after resolution of symptoms for rescreening)
• Inability or unwillingness to perform study procedures
• Exposure to any investigational product(s), including drugs or devices, in the past 30 days
• Any disease other than diabetes or exposure to any medication that, in the judgment of the Investigator, may impact glucose metabolism and current or anticipated acute uses of glucocorticoids or weight loss medications, with the exception of metformin and/or GLP-1 agonists (if GLP-1 agonists used for at least the 3 months prior to enrollment) in subjects with T2DM
• Use of antiadrenergic drugs (e.g., clonidine)
• Any concurrent illness (other than diabetes mellitus) not controlled by a stable therapeutic regimen
• Current uncontrolled eating disorder (e.g., anorexia or bulimia nervosa)
• Current drug or alcohol abuse or a history of drug or alcohol abuse that, in the opinion of the Investigator or the Sponsor, would make the subject an unsuitable candidate for participation in the study
• Smoking (includes cigarettes, cigars, pipes, marijuana, and vaping devices) for the preceding 6 months and/or positive urine cotinine test
• Female subject who is pregnant, breast-feeding, intends to become pregnant, or is of child-bearing potential, sexually active and not using adequate contraceptive methods as required by local regulation or practice
• An event of severe hypoglycemia, as judged by the Investigator, within the last 90 days prior to screening
• An episode of DKA requiring hospitalization within the last 90 days prior to screening
Metabolic Remodeling in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease in which clinically relevant symptoms present a few years after the onset in rise of pulmonary arterial pressure. Increased PA pressure presents an overload on the right ventricle (RV), with RV failure being a common cause of mortality in PAH. Current therapeutic targets help reduce vascular resistance and RV afterload, however, RV dysfunction may continue to progress. Therefore, the reason for RV failure in PAH cannot be contributed to altered vascular hemodynamics alone but may be related to metabolic alterations and failure of adaptive mechanisms in the RV. Providing a better understanding of metabolic remodeling in RV failure may permit the development of RV-targeted pharmacological agents to maintain RV function despite increased pulmonary vascular pressures. This study will evaluate how cardiac metabolism changes in response to pulmonary vasodilator therapy in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension.
• WHO group 1 PAH, characterized by mean pulmonary artery pressure ≥25 mmHg, PVR >3 Woods units, and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure or left ventricular end diastolic pressure ≤15 mmHg. Participants must be further classified as idiopathic PAH (IPAH) or connective tissue disease associated PAH (CTD-PAH).
• New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification I - III criteria of heart failure.
• Vasodilator therapy naïve, with the intent to initiate pulmonary vasodilator therapy.
• Age 18 - 75.
• English speaking and able to provide informed consent.
• Recent syncope.
• Baseline 6MWD < 400 feet or NYHA class IV heart failure.
• Metabolic disorders such as uncontrolled diabetes (A1c > 8%) that may alter cardiac metabolism.
• Baseline use of oral steroids.
• FEV1/FVC <60%
• Contraindications to MRI, including those noted on the UTSW MRI Screening Form such as implants contraindicated at 3T, pacemakers, Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICD), or significant claustrophobia.
• Weight >210 lbs (exceeds current IND weight-based dosing guidelines) 8 . Women who are pregnant, lactating or planning on becoming pregnant during the study.
• Not suitable for study participation due to other reasons at the discretion of the investigators
Testing Combination Erdafitinib and Enfortumab Vedotin in Metastatic Bladder Cancer After Treatment With Chemotherapy and Immunotherapy
This phase Ib trial evaluates the best dose, potential benefits, and/or side effects of erdafitinib in combination with enfortumab vedotin in treating patients with bladder cancer that has spread from where it first started (primary site) to other places in the body (metastatic) and possesses genetic alterations in FGFR2/3 genes. Erdafitinib is in a class of medications called kinase inhibitors. It works by blocking the action of an abnormal FGFR protein that signals cancer cells to multiply. This may help keep cancer cells from growing and may kill them. Enfortumab vedotin is a monoclonal antibody, enfortumab, linked to an anticancer drug called vedotin. It works by helping the immune system to slow or stop the growth of cancer cells. Enfortumab attaches to a protein called nectin-4 on cancer cells in a targeted way and delivers vedotin to kill them. It is a type of antibody-drug conjugate. Giving erdafitinib in combination with enfortumab vedotin may shrink or stabilize metastatic bladder cancer with alterations in FGFR 2/3 genes.
• Patients must have histologically or cytologically documented locally advanced (T4b, any N; or any T, N 2-3) or metastatic (M1, Stage IV; or metastatic recurrence after locoregional treatment) urothelial carcinoma (including renal pelvis, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra). Patients with mixed histologies are required to have a dominant transitional cell pattern
• Patients who had disease progression during or following treatment with at least one platinum-containing regimen (e.g., gemcitabine and cisplatin [GC], methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin [MVAC], carboplatin and gemcitabine [Carbo-Gem]) and an immune checkpoint inhibitor (PD-1/ PD-L1 inhibitor including but not limited to: atezolizumab, pembrolizumab, durvalumab, avelumab, and nivolumab)
• Received a first-line platinum-containing regimen in the metastatic setting or for inoperable locally advanced disease
• Or received neo/adjuvant platinum-containing therapy for localized muscle-invasive UC, with recurrence/progression =< 12 months following completion of therapy
• Patients who received immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy in the neoadjuvant/adjuvant setting and had recurrent or progressive disease either during therapy or within 12 months of therapy completion are eligible. This criterion does not apply if the checkpoint inhibitor is contraindicated
• Patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma who are cisplatin-ineligible and progressed on upfront immune checkpoint inhibitor; or ineligible/refused immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy will be eligible for this trial
• Patient who received prior antibody drug conjugate such as sacituzumab govitecan are allowed
• Patients must have measurable disease, as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v)1.1. Previously irradiated lesions cannot be counted as target lesions unless there has been demonstrated progression in the lesion since radiotherapy and no other lesions are available for selection as target lesions
• Patients must have FGFR2/3 activating alterations identified by tumor tissue or plasma ctDNA profiling using a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA) certified College of American Pathologists (CAP) accredited platform
• Age >= 18 years, for ability to comply with protocol
• Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of erdafitinib in combination with enfortumab vedotin in patients < 18 years of age, children are excluded from this study
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
• Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL (within 14 days prior to beginning trial treatment)
• Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (within 14 days prior to beginning trial treatment)
• Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (within 14 days prior to beginning trial treatment)
• Measured or calculated creatine clearance (CrCl) >= 30 ml/min (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine CrCl) (within 14 days prior to beginning trial treatment)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (institutional upper limit of normal) OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 x ULN (within 14 days prior to beginning trial treatment)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) =<
• 5 x institutional ULN (=< 5 x ULN for subjects with liver metastasis) (within 14 days prior to beginning trial treatment)
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial
• For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated
• Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
• Patients with treated brain metastases are eligible if follow-up brain imaging after central nervous system (CNS)-directed therapy shows no evidence of progression (CNS metastases have been clinically stable for at least 4 weeks prior to screening and baseline scans show no evidence of new or enlarged metastasis)
• Patients with a history of prostate cancer (T2NXMX or lower with Gleason score =< 7) treated with definitive intent (surgically or with radiation therapy) at least 1 year prior to study entry are eligible, provided that the subject is considered prostate cancer-free and the following criteria are met:
• Patients who have undergone radical prostatectomy must have undetectable prostate specific antigen (PSA) for > 1 year and at screening
• Patients who have had radiation must have a PSA doubling time > 1 year (based on at least 3 values determined >1 month apart) and a total PSA value that does not meet Phoenix criteria for biochemical recurrence (i.e., < 2.0 ng/mL above nadir)
• Patients with untreated low-risk prostate cancer (Gleason score =< 6) on active surveillance with PSA doubling time >1 year (based on at least 3 values determined > 1 month apart) are also eligible
• Patients who have undergone an ophthalmologic examination and have no active eye disease which would be likely to increase the risk of eye toxicity
• The effects of erdafitinib and enfortumab vedotin on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason and because FGFR inhibitors and humanized antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) agents are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and 3 months after completion of erdafitinib and enfortumab vedotin administration. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 5 months after completion of erdafitinib and enfortumab vedotin administration
• Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document
• Patients who have had chemotherapy, targeted therapies, immunotherapy, or treatment with an investigational anticancer agent within 2 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study
• Patients who have not recovered from adverse events due to prior anti-cancer therapy (including ongoing sensory or motor neuropathy of grade 2 or higher) (i.e., have residual toxicities > grade 1 or returned to baseline) with the exception of alopecia. Subjects with =< grade 2 immunotherapy- related hypothyroidism or panhypopituitarism may be enrolled when well-maintained/controlled on a stable dose of hormone replacement therapy (if indicated). Subjects with ongoing >= grade 3 immunotherapy-related hypothyroidism or panhypopituitarism are excluded. Subjects with ongoing immunotherapy related colitis, uveitis, myocarditis, or pneumonitis or subjects with other immunotherapy related adverse events (AEs) requiring high doses of steroids (> 20 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent) are excluded
• Patients who have previously received enfortumab vedotin or other MMAE-based ADCs
• Patients who have had prior treatment with an FGFR inhibitor
• History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to erdafitinib and enfortumab vedotin
• Patients receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A are ineligible. Because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently updated medical reference. As part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product
• Patients with a history of any corneal or retinal abnormality likely to increase the risk of eye toxicity
• Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness and currently receiving systemic antimicrobial treatment for active infection (viral, bacterial, or fungal) at the time of starting treatment. Routine antimicrobial prophylaxis is permitted
• Patients with psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
• Subjects who have received radiotherapy within 2 weeks prior to start of treatment. Subject must have recovered adequately from the toxicity from the intervention prior to starting study treatment
• Patients with uncontrolled diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes is defined as hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) >= 8% or HbA1c 7% to < 8% with associated diabetes symptoms (polyuria or polydipsia) that are not otherwise explained
• Subjects who have received major surgery within 4 weeks prior to start of treatment. Subject must have recovered adequately from complications from the intervention prior to starting study treatment
• Subjects who have received a prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplant
• Has persistent phosphate level > ULN during screening (within 14 days of treatment and prior to cycle 1 day 1) and despite medical management
• Has a history of or current uncontrolled cardiovascular disease including:
• Unstable angina, myocardial infarction, or known congestive heart failure class II-IV within the preceding 12 months; cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack within the preceding 3 months
• Any of the following: sustained ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, Torsades de Pointes, cardiac arrest, Mobitz II second degree heart block or third degree heart block; known presence of dilated, hypertrophic, or restrictive cardiomyopathy
• QTc prolongation as confirmed by triplicate assessment at screening (Fridericia;QTc > 480 milliseconds)
• Subjects with a history of another invasive malignancy within 3 years before the first dose of study drug, or any evidence of residual disease from a previously diagnosed malignancy. Subjects with nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type (if complete resection was performed) are allowed
Aging and Disease Course: Contributions to Lifespan Neurobiology of Schizophrenia
The 2020 NIMH Strategic Plan for Research calls for investigations targeting neurobiology of mental illness across the lifespan. Growing evidence suggests that lifespan neurobiology of schizophrenia (SZ) incorporates two distinct dimensions: aging and disease course. However, their clinical correlates, associated biomarker trajectories, and implications for treatment are unknown. This study will investigate differential aspects of SZ neurobiology captured by aging and disease course, in order to develop specific biomarkers which may offer actionable targets for SZ stage-dependent intervention. The study is predicated on a novel mechanistic Model of SZ Trajectories across the Adult Lifespan, positing distinct biological fingerprints within the anterior limbic system for aging and disease course in SZ: (1) alterations in the circuit's function and structure that occur earlier in the lifespan and are larger in magnitude than the alterations expected with normal aging (accelerated aging dimension); and (2) regionally-specific anterior limbic "hyperactivity" in early SZ, with a subsequent transformation into "hypoactivity" in advanced SZ (disease course dimension). In a sample of SZ and matched healthy controls (n=168, 84/group) aged 18-75 years the investigators will ascertain a broad panel of biomarkers [via multimodal brain imaging: optimized 1H-MRS, high-resolution task-based fMRI, perfusion (Vascular Space Occupancy) and structural MRI], along with comprehensive cognitive and clinical assessments. All measures will be acquired at baseline and repeated at 2-year longitudinal follow-up. Using cutting-edge computational approaches, the study will examine (i) effects of aging and SZ course on anterior limbic system biomarkers; (ii) lifespan trajectories for different biomarkers; (iii) patterns of limbic system biomarkers in age- and SZ course-based subgroups (e.g., Younger vs. Older, Early-Course vs. Advanced SZ), as well as in data-driven subgroups (e.g., those with vs. without accelerated aging profiles); and (iv) associations between biomarkers and cognitive and clinical outcomes. This research will advance the field by providing novel biomarkers that capture unique neurobiological contributions of aging and disease course in SZ, and will motivate future studies on SZ mechanisms across the lifespan and development of precision treatments.
• 18-65 years of age (SZ); 18-75 years of age (CON)
• Women and men
• All races and ethnicities
• Psychiatric diagnoses: Patient participants (SZ): Meet DSM-5 criteria for schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder Healthy control participants (CON): No personal history of lifetime psychiatric disorders, or a family history of psychotic disorders in 1st-or 2nd- degree relatives
• Able to read, speak, and understand English
• Able and willing to provide written informed consent; and willing to commit to the study protocol, including 2-year longitudinal follow-up
• Neurological or medical disorder that may affect brain function (history of stroke, head injury with a loss of consciousness >10 min, seizure disorder, AIDS, poorly controlled hypertension, poorly controlled diabetes, decompensated lung disease, etc.)
• Co-morbid DSM-5 diagnosis of drug/alcohol use disorder in prior 3 months
• Current treatment with benzodiazepine or non-benzodiazepine sedatives/hypnotics, and/or anticonvulsants
• Presence of ferromagnetic objects in body
• Weight or body size exceeding MRI scanner capacity [>300 lbs]
• Claustrophobia in MRI scanner
• Pregnant women
• Breastfeeding women (VASO scan will not be administered. All other imaging modalities are safe to administer.)
• Impaired kidney function: Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) < 30 ml/min/1.73m2 (VASO scan will not be administered due to an association between Gadolinium-based MR contrast use and Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis in individuals with severely impaired renal function. All other imaging modalities are safe to administer.)
• History of hypersensitivity to any MRI contrast agent (VASO scan will not be administered. All other imaging modalities are safe to administer.)