Enfortumab Vedotin and Pembrolizumab in People With Bladder Cancer
This study will test whether enfortumab vedotin combined with pembrolizumab is an effective treatment for people with bladder cancer (urothelial carcinoma) involving the lymph nodes who are going to have surgery to remove their cancer (cystectomy). The researchers will look at whether treatment with enfortumab vedotin and pembrolizumab before surgery can get rid of cancer within the lymph nodes. They will also try to find out if this combination of drugs is effective at shrinking participants' cancer before their surgery. The researchers think that a combination of enfortumab vedotin and pembrolizumab may help people with this disease because both drugs are designed to help the immune system attack and kill cancer cells. The researchers think the drugs may be more effective if given in combination rather than on their own.
• Male/female participants who are at least 18 years of age on the day of signing informed consent with histologically confirmed diagnosis of muscle invasive bladder cancer (previously known as transitional cell) carcinoma (i.e., cancer of the bladder, renal pelvis, ureter, or urethra)
• Clinical Stage T2-T4, N1-N3, M0 OR cT1, N2-N3, M0
• Representative urothelial carcinoma FFPE tumor specimens (tumor blocks or 20 unstained slides). Patients with < 20 slides may be enrolled after discussion with the principal investigator.
• Muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder histologically confirmed at the enrolling institution from TURBT. (Urothelial carcinoma invading into the prostatic stroma with no histologic muscle invasion is allowed provided the extent of disease is confirmed via imaging and/or EUA.)
• Evidence of urothelial carcinoma from FNA of lymph node OR lymphadenopathy suspicious for nodal disease on cross-sectional imaging, MRI, or u/s.
• Node positivity for eligibility will be defined as imaging read with suspicious lymph node ≥ 1.0 cm in the short axis, with biopsy, as documented by the radiologist at the treating center. While biopsy to confirm lymph node involvement is preferred, patients without biopsy proven urothelial carcinoma in lymph nodes may be enrolled if imaging shows a lymph node ≥ 1.0 cm in the short axis, and with confirmation from the study principal investigator.
• Deemed medically appropriate for radical cystectomy with treatment response achieved, as per MSK or participating site Attending Urologic Oncologist
• Platinum eligible and ineligible patients are permitted on study
• No prior treatments for muscle invasive or metastatic urothelial carcinoma
• Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 1. Evaluation of ECOG is to be performed within 7 days prior to the first dose of study intervention.
• Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 30 ml/min/1.73 m2 using the CKD-EPI equation: eGFR = 141 x min(Scr/k, 1)a x max (Scr/k, 1)-1.209 x 0.993Age x 1.018 [if female] x 1.159 [if black] °Scr is serum creatinine, k is 0.7 for females and 0.9 for males, a is -0.329 for females and -0.411 for males, min indicates the minimum of Scr/k or 1, and max indicates the maximum of Scr/k or 1
• Be willing and able to provide written informed consent for the trial
• Contraception requirements:
• Male participants: A male participant must agree to use a contraception as detailed in Appendix 3 of this protocol during the treatment period and for at least 120 days following the last dose of treatment, corresponding to time needed to eliminate any study treatment(s) (e.g. 5 terminal half-lives for pembrolizumab and enfortumab vedotin) plus an additional 90 days (a spermatogenesis cycle) after the last dose of study treatment and refrain from donating sperm during this period.
• Female participants: A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant (see Appendix 3), not breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies: i. Not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) as defined in Appendix 3 OR ii. A WOCBP who agrees to follow the contraceptive guidance in Appendix 3 during the treatment period and for at least [90 days (corresponding to time needed to eliminate any study treatment(s) (pembrolizumab and enfortumab vedotin) plus 30 days (a menstruation cycle)] after the last dose of study treatment.
• Have adequate organ function as defined in the following table (Table 1). Specimens must be collected within 14 days prior to the start of study treatment either prior to consent or at the study screening visit.
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500/μL
• Platelets ≥100 000/μL
• Hemoglobin ≥9.0 g/dL or ≥5.6 mmol/La
• Renal °Measured or calculatedb creatinine clearance (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl) GFR or CrCl of ≥ 30 mL/min
• Total bilirubin ≤1.5 ×ULN OR direct bilirubin ≤ULN for participants with total bilirubin levels >1.5 × ULN
• AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 × ULN
• Coagulation °International normalized ratio (INR) OR prothrombin time (PT) Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ≤1.5 × ULN unless participant is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or aPTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants ALT (SGPT)=alanine aminotransferase (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase); AST (SGOT)=aspartate aminotransferase (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase); GFR=glomerular filtration rate; ULN=upper limit of normal. a Criteria must be met without erythropoietin dependency and without packed red blood cell (pRBC) transfusion within last 2 weeks. b eGFR as calculated by the CKD-EPI equation can be used in place of the creatinine clearance Note: This table includes eligibility-defining laboratory value requirements for treatment; laboratory value requirements should be adapted according to local regulations and guidelines for the administration of specific chemotherapies
• Evidence of NYHA functional class III or IV heart disease
• Any of the following within 6 months prior to study drug administration: myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, symptomatic congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular accident, or transient ischemic attack
• On-going cardiac dysrhythmias of NCI CTCAE Version 5.0 grade ≥ 2. However, stable atrial fibrillation controlled medically or with a device (i.e. pacemaker) or prior ablation is allowed
• Pre-existing sensory grade ≥ 2 neuropathy
• Major surgical procedure within 28 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure aside from cystectomy during the course of the study. Transurethral resection or other urinary tract diagnostic procedures, excisional biopsy, IR-guided biopsy, or MEDIPORT placement are NOT defined as major surgical procedures.
• Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
• A WOCBP who has a positive urine pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to allocation. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required. Note: in the event that 72 hours have elapsed between the screening pregnancy test and the first dose of study treatment, another pregnancy test (urine or serum) must be performed and must be negative in order for subject to start receiving study medication.
• Is currently enrolled in another therapeutic trial. Patients cannot receive concurrent treatment on another clinical trial; Patients are allowed to enroll on supportive care trials or non-treatment trials (e.g. QOL, dietary survey studies) concurrently
• Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti PD L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (eg, CTLA-4, OX 40, CD137).
• Has received prior systemic anti-cancer therapy including investigational agents within 4 weeks prior to allocation.
• Prior treatment with an antibody drug conjugate for bladder cancer directed therapy
• Prior systemic chemotherapy (prior intravesical therapy is allowed)
• Prior radiation therapy to the bladder
• Has received prior radiotherapy within 2 weeks of start of study intervention. Participants must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities, not require corticosteroids, and not have had radiation pneumonitis. A 1-week washout is permitted for palliative radiation (≤2 weeks of radiotherapy) to non-CNS disease.
• Has received a live vaccine or live-attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug. 1. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (eg, FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed. Administration of killed vaccines is allowed. COVID-19 vaccination is permitted. °Influenza vaccination should be given during influenza season only (approximately October to March). Patients must not receive live, attenuated influenza vaccine (e.g., FluMist®) within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 or at any time during the study.
• Has receieved intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) within 4 weeks before Cycle 1, Day 1 14.
• Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
• Has a history of poorly controlled human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) related illness. Patients with a history of an aids-defining opportunistic infection within the last 12 months or who are on prophylactic antimicrobials related to underlying HIV are not eligible. Patients with a history of HIV and a CD4 T cell count of ≥350 are eligible to enroll in this study with the approval of the study PI.
• Subjects with uncontrolled diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes is defined as hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) ≥8% or HbA1c 7% to <8% with associated diabetes symptoms (polyuria or polydipsia) that are not otherwise explained.
• Has a history of autoimmune disease, including but not limited to myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, Wegener's granulomatosis, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Sjogren's syndrome, Guillain-Barre syndrome, multiple sclerosis, systemic vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis.
• Patients with history of autoimmune related hypothyroidism on stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone may be eligible for this study
• Patients with controlled Type I diabetes mellitus on a stable dose of insulin may be eligible for this study
• Has a history of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease that requires steroids or has current pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease (including drug induced), organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, etc.), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan
• Patients with active hepatitis B virus (HBV, chronic or acute, defined as having a positive hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test at screening) or hepatitis C antibody
• Patients with past HBV infection or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody [HBc Ab] and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. HBV DNA must be obtained in these patients prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 and confirmed to be negative.
• Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA.
• Active tuberculosis or BCG infection
• Severe infections within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1, including but not limited to hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia
• Signs or symptoms of infection within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1. Abnormal urinalysis does not constitute signs/symptoms of infection unless urine culture obtained at screening grows ≥ 100,000 colonies of bacteria.
• Therapeutic oral or IV antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1
• Patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics (e.g., for prevention of a urinary tract infection or to prevent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation) are eligible.
• Patients receiving antibiotics for active infection are not eligible
• Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplant
• AEs from prior anticancer therapy that have not resolved to Grade ≤ 1 except for alopecia
• Patients with a history of or active bone marrow disorders expected to interfere with study therapy (e.g. acute leukemias, accelerated/blast-phase chronic myelogenous leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Burkitt lymphoma, plasma cell leukemia, or non-secretory myeloma)
• Known clinically significant liver disease, including active viral, alcoholic, or other hepatitis; cirrhosis; and inherited liver disease
• Any other diseases, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the interpretation of the results or render the patient at high risk from treatment complications
• Patients with active keratitis or history of corneal ulcers are excluded
• Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus of vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis would be excluded) are permitted provided that they meet the following conditions:
• Rash must cover less than 10% of body surface area (BSA)
• Disease is well controlled at baseline and only requiring low potency topical steroids (e.g., hydrocortisone 2.5%, hydrocortisone butyrate 0.1%, flucinolone
• 01%, desonide 0.05%, aclometasone dipropionate 0.05%)
• No acute exacerbations of underlying condition within the last 12 months (not requiring psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation [PUVA], methotrexate, retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors; high potency or oral steroids)
• Malignancies other than the disease under study within 5 years prior to Cycle 1, Day 1, with the exception of those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death and with expected curative outcome (such as adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, basal or squamous cell skin cancer, localized prostate cancer treated surgically with curative intent, or ductal carcinoma in situ treated surgically with curative intent) or undergoing active surveillance per standard-ofcare management (e.g. prostate cancer with Gleason score ≤ 7, and prostate-specific antigen [PSA] ≤ 10 mg/mL, etc).
Thoracotomy Versus Thoracoscopic Management of Pulmonary Metastases in Patients With Osteosarcoma
This phase III trial compares the effect of open thoracic surgery (thoracotomy) to thoracoscopic surgery (video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery or VATS) in treating patients with osteosarcoma that has spread to the lung (pulmonary metastases). Open thoracic surgery is a type of surgery done through a single larger incision (like a large cut) that goes between the ribs, opens up the chest, and removes the cancer. Thoracoscopy is a type of chest surgery where the doctor makes several small incisions and uses a small camera to help with removing the cancer. This trial is being done evaluate the two different surgery methods for patients with osteosarcoma that has spread to the lung to find out which is better.
• Patients must be < 50 years at the time of enrollment.
• Patients must have =< 4 nodules per lung consistent with or suspicious for metastases, with at least one of which being >= 3 mm and all of which must be =< 3 cm size.
• Note: Patient must have eligibility confirmed by rapid central imaging review.
• Lung nodules must be considered resectable by either open thoracotomy or thoracoscopic surgery. Determination of resectability is made by the institutional surgeon.
• Patients must have a histological diagnosis of osteosarcoma.
• Patients must have evidence of metastatic lung disease at the time of initial diagnosis, or at time of 1st recurrence following completion of therapy for initially localized disease.
• Patients with newly diagnosed disease must have completed successful gross tumor resection for their primary tumor or surgical local control of primary tumor must be planned to be performed simultaneously with thoracic surgery.
• Newly diagnosed patients must be receiving systemic therapy considered by the treating physician as at least equivalent to methotrexate, doxorubicin and cisplatin (MAP) at the time of enrollment on this study.
• Patients at time of 1st recurrence must have previously completed initial systemic therapy for their primary tumor, considered by the treating physician as at least equivalent to MAP.
• Patients with unresectable primary tumor.
• Patients with pulmonary metastatic lesions that would require anatomic resection (lobectomy or pneumonectomy) or lesions that are defined as "central" (i.e., central lesion involves or is proximal to segmental bronchi and peripheral is lesion distal to segmental bronchi).
• Patients with pleural or mediastinal based metastatic lesions, or with pleural effusion.
• Patients with disease progression at either the primary or pulmonary metastatic site while on initial therapy. Note: Once the patient has been enrolled on the study, additional computed tomography (CT) scans are not anticipated prior to thoracic surgery. Note: Some variation in nodule size measurements over the course of pre-operative therapy is anticipated and does not qualify for exclusion unless deemed true disease progression by the primary treatment team.
• Patients with evidence of extrapulmonary metastatic disease.
• Patients who received therapeutic pulmonary surgery for lung metastasis prior to enrollment.
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent.
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met.
Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy of CT1812 in Subjects With Mild to Moderate Dementia With Lewy Bodies (COG1201)
Multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 6- month study in subjects with mild to moderate Dementia with Lewy Bodies.
• Men or women 50-85 years of age (inclusive), meeting criteria for probable Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB).
• MRI, or CT scan due to contraindication of MRI if approved by medical monitor) obtained during screening consistent with the clinical diagnosis of DLB and without findings of significant exclusionary abnormalities. An historical MRI (or CT scan), up to 1 year prior to screening, may be used if there is no history of intervening neurologic disease or clinical events (such as a stroke, head trauma etc.) and the subject is without clinical symptoms or signs suggestive of such intervening events.
• MMSE 18-27 inclusive
• Any neurological condition that may be contributing to cognitive impairment above and beyond those caused by the subject's DLB, including any co-morbidities detected by clinical assessment or MRI (or CT scan due to contraindication of MRI, if approved by medical monitor)
• Screening MRI (or historical MRI or CT scan due to contraindication of MRI if approved by medical monitor) or historical MRI/CT scan, if applicable. of the brain indicative of significant abnormality, including, but not limited to, prior hemorrhage or infarct > 1 cm3, >3 lacunar infarcts, cerebral contusion, encephalomalacia, aneurysm, vascular malformation, subdural hematoma, hydrocephalus, space-occupying lesion (e.g. abscess or brain tumor such as meningioma). If a small incidental meningioma is observed, the medical monitor may be contacted to discuss eligibility.
• Clinical, laboratory findings or medical history consistent with:
• Other primary degenerative dementia (fronto-temporal dementia, Huntington's disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, Down syndrome, etc.).
• Other neurodegenerative condition (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, etc.).
• Seizure disorder.
• Other infectious, metabolic or systemic diseases affecting the central nervous system (syphilis, present hypothyroidism, present vitamin B12 or folate deficiency, other laboratory values etc.).
• Any major psychiatric diagnosis, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and current major depressive disorder as per Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition
• Clinically significant, advanced or unstable disease that may interfere with outcome evaluations.
Study of BOTOX Injections to Assess Change in Disease Symptoms in Adult Participants With Upper Limb Essential Tremor
Upper limb essential tremor (UL ET) is a movement disorder characterized by postural and/or kinetic tremor. It can cause difficulty with everyday tasks such as writing, pouring, and eating, and patients also experience associated social embarrassment. This study will assess how safe and effective BOTOX is in treating UL ET. Adverse events and change in disease activity will be evaluated. BOTOX is an investigational drug being developed for the treatment of UL ET. Participants are randomly assigned to 1 of the 4 groups, called treatment arms. Each group receives different treatment. There is 1 in 2 chance that participants will be assigned to placebo. Around 174 participants, aged 18 to 80 years with UL ET will be enrolled in approximately 40 sites in North America. Participants will receive BOTOX or placebo injections in Cycle 1 and Cycle 2. In Cycle 3, participants will receive unilateral or bilateral BOTOX injections. Each cycle is 12 weeks. There may be higher treatment burden for participants in this trial compared to their standard of care. Participants will attend regular visits during the study at a hospital or clinic. The effect of the treatment will be checked by medical assessments, blood tests, checking for side effects and completing questionnaires.
• Diagnosis of essential tremor in accordance with modified Tremor Investigation Group (TRIG) criteria as described in the protocol.
• TREDS-Revised Scale (1-4 scale, whole numbers) unilateral score of >= 3 for the Tremor Disability Scale (TREDS) on any of the 7 unilateral items; no more than a single item score of 1 among the 7 unilateral items in the dominant limb.
• TETRAS activities of daily living (ADL) (recorded on a 0-4 scale, whole numbers) minimum score of >= 3 on any of the 5 unilateral items; no more than a single item score of <=1 among the 5 unilateral items in the dominant limb.
• At least one of the following criteria must also be met:
• TETRAS UL score (0-4 scale, with 0.5 increments) of > 2 in the dominant limb on at least one of the 3 maneuvers OR
• TETRAS Archimedes spiral task score (0-4 scale, with 0.5 increments) of > 2 in the dominant limb
• Any uncontrolled clinically significant medical condition other than the one under study.
• Any medical condition that may put the participant at increased risk with exposure to BOTOX Purified Neurotoxin Complex.
A Study to Determine Whether Chemotherapy and Atezolizumab is Better Than Chemotherapy, Bevacizumab and Atezolizumab in Patients With Advanced Liver Cancer
This phase II trial compares the effect of adding bevacizumab and atezolizumab to gemcitabine and cisplatin (chemotherapy) versus chemotherapy and atezolizumab in treating patients with liver cancer that cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable) or that may have spread from where it first started to nearby tissue, lymph nodes, or distant parts of the body (advanced). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Bevacizumab is in a class of medications called antiangiogenic agents. It works by stopping the formation of blood vessels that bring oxygen and nutrients to tumor. This may slow the growth and spread of tumor. Chemotherapy drugs, such as gemcitabine and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving bevacizumab and atezolizumab with chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells in patients liver cancer than chemotherapy and atezolizumab.
• Patient must be >= 18 years of age
• Patient must have a histologically confirmed diagnosis of combined hepatocellular carcinoma-cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CC) at the local laboratory based on the 2019 World Health Organization (WHO) classification, including the classical type and intermediate cell carcinoma
• The classical type defines primary liver carcinoma with unequivocal features of both HCC and CC differentiation within the same tumors on routine histopathology with hematoxylin and eosin stains regardless of the proportion of each histology observed
• The intermediate cell carcinoma defines cancers with biphenotypic differentiation in which cells have a morphology intermediate between hepatocytes and cholangiocytes. Intermediate cell carcinoma may be associated with expression of both hepatocyte and cholangiocytic markers. Distinct HCC and CC arising in the same liver, fibrolamellar HCC, morphologically typical HCCs with only immunohistochemical expression of keratin or other cholangiocytic markers, or morphologically typical CCs with only immunohistochemical expression of hepatocytic markers will be excluded
• NOTE: Local pathology review constitutes adequate documentation of histology for initial study enrollment and treatment
• Patient must have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
• Patient must have disease which is unresectable or metastatic
• Patient must not have any prior history of systemic therapy for advanced cHCC-CC. Prior adjuvant treatment composed of chemotherapy agents such as capecitabine or gemcitabine-based treatments are allowed if adjuvant treatment if at least 6 months have elapsed since completing chemotherapy at the time of enrollment
• Patient must be Child Pugh class A
• Patients with prior locoregional therapy are eligible provided the following are met:
• Prior loco-regional therapy including surgical resection, chemoembolization, radiotherapy, or ablation was completed > 4 weeks prior to randomization
• Treated target lesion has increased in size by > 25% or the target lesion was not treated with loco-regional therapy
• Patients treated with palliative radiotherapy for symptoms must have completed radiotherapy > 7 days prior to randomization and the target lesion must not have been the treated lesion
• Patient must not be pregnant or breast-feeding due to the potential harm to an unborn fetus and possible risk for adverse events in nursing infants with the treatment regimens being used.
• All patients of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 14 days prior to randomization to rule out pregnancy
• A patient of childbearing potential is defined as anyone, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has achieved menarche at some point, 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 3) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
• Patient must not expect to conceive or father children by abstaining from sexual intercourse or by using accepted and effective method(s) of contraception while on protocol treatment and for 6 months after the last dose of protocol treatment. Accepted and effective method(s) of contraception include those with a failure rate of < 1% per year including bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal contraceptives that inhibit ovluation, hormonal releasing intrauterine devices, and copper intrauterine devices. Periodic abstinence (e.g. calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not adequate methods of contraception
• Patient must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. Patients with impaired decision-making capacity (IDMC) who have a legally authorized representative (LAR) or caregiver and/or family member available will also be considered eligible
• Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL (must be obtained =< 14 days prior to protocol randomization)
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL (must be obtained =< 14 days prior to protocol randomization)
• Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (Patient may be transfused to meet this criterion) (must be obtained =< 14 days prior to protocol randomization)
• Platelets >= 80,000/mcL (must be obtained =< 14 days prior to protocol randomization)
• Total bilirubin =< 5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (must be obtained =< 14 days prior to protocol randomization)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 5.0 x institutional ULN (must be obtained =< 14 days prior to protocol randomization)
• Creatinine =< 1.5 x institutional ULN (must be obtained =< 14 days prior to protocol randomization)
• International normalized ratio (INR) =< 1.5 x Institutional ULN (for patients not receiving anticoagulant therapy) (must be obtained =< 14 days prior to protocol randomization). For patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation, the patient must be on a stable anticoagulant regimen
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months of randomization are eligible for this trial
• For patients with evidence of prior or active hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (positive hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test and/or positive total hepatitis B virus core antibody [HBcAb] test at screening), the patient must be on suppressive therapy, for at least 2 weeks prior to randomization and willing to continue antiviral treatment for the length of the study
• Patient must not have new or progressive brain metastases (active brain metastases) or leptomeningeal disease
• Patients must not have laboratory evidence of active co-infection of HBV (positive HBsAg test) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) (detectable HCV ribonucleic acid [RNA]). Patients with a history of HCV infection but who are negative for HCV RNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) will be considered non-infected with HCV
• Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial
• Patients with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, should have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association Functional Classification. To be eligible for this trial, patients should be class 2B or better
• Patient must have measurable disease. Baseline measurements and evaluations of all sites of disease must be obtained within 4 weeks prior to randomization
• Patients with untreated or incompletely treated varices with bleeding or high-risk for bleeding must undergo an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), and all size of varices (small to large) must be assessed and treated per local standard of care prior to randomization. Patients who have undergone an EGD within 6 months of prior to randomization do not need to repeat the procedure
• Patient must not have had a prior allogenic bone marrow or solid organ transplant
• Patient must not have a history of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia, drug-induced pneumonitis, or idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on baseline chest computed tomography scan
• Patient must not have active or a history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency, including, but not limited to, myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, Wegener granulomatosis, Sjogren syndrome, Guillain-Barre syndrome, or multiple sclerosis, with the following exceptions:
• Patients with a history of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism who are on thyroid-replacement hormone are eligible
• Patients with controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus who are on an insulin regimen are eligible for the study
• Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus, or vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis are excluded) are eligible provided all of following conditions are met:
• Rash must cover < 10% of body surface area
• Disease is well controlled at baseline and requires only low-potency topical corticosteroids
• There is no occurrence of acute exacerbations of the underlying condition requiring psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation, methotrexate, retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors, or high-potency or oral corticosteroids
• Patient must not have received prior treatment with immune checkpoint blockade therapies, including anti-CTLA-4, anti-PD-1, and anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibodies
• Patient must not be on treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medication (including, but not limited to, corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-TNF-alpha agents) within 2 weeks prior to randomization, or anticipate the need for systemic immunosuppressive medication during study treatment, with the following exceptions:
• Patients who received acute, low-dose systemic immunosuppressant medication or a one-time pulse dose of systemic immunosuppressant medication (e.g., 48 hours of corticosteroids for a contrast allergy) are eligible
• Patients who received mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone), corticosteroids for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma, or low-dose corticosteroids for orthostatic hypotension or adrenal insufficiency are eligible
• Patient must not have inadequately controlled arterial hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure (BP) >= 150 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure > 100 mmHg) prior to randomization. Patients may be on antihypersensitive medications to meet and maintain this criteria
• Patient must not have significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm requiring surgical repair or recent peripheral arterial thrombosis) within 6 months prior to randomization
• Patient may not have a history of abdominal or tracheoesophageal fistula, gastrointestinal (GI) perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months prior to randomization
• Patient must not have any evidence of bleeding diathesis or significant coagulopathy (in the absence of therapeutic anticoagulation)
• Patient must not have uncontrolled tumor-related pain. Patients requiring pain medication must be on a stable regimen at the time of randomization
• For patients with symptomatic lesions (e.g., bone metastases or metastases causing nerve impingement) amenable to palliative radiotherapy should be treated prior to randomization. Patients must be recovered from the effects of radiation prior to randomization. There is no required minimum recovery period
• For patients with asymptomatic metastatic lesions that would likely cause functional deficits or intractable pain with further growth (e.g., epidural metastasis that is not currently associated with spinal cord compression) they must be considered for loco-regional therapy if appropriate prior to randomization
• Patient must not have uncontrolled pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, or ascites requiring recurrent drainage procedures (once monthly or more frequently). Patients with indwelling catheters (e.g., PleurX) are allowed
• Patient must not have active tuberculosis
• Patient must not have undergone any major surgical procedure, other than for diagnosis, within 4 weeks prior to randomization, or have the anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure during the study
• Patient must not have any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding that contraindicates the use of the agents used on this study, may affect the interpretation of the results, or may render the patient at high risk from treatment complications
• Patient must not have received any live, attenuated vaccines (e.g., FluMist [registered trademark]) within 4 weeks prior to randomization, during treatment with atezolizumab, and for 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab
• Patient must not have received any treatment with investigational therapy within 28 days prior to randomization
• Patient must have not received treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents (including, but not limited to, interferon and interleukin 2 [IL-2]) within 4 weeks or 5 half-lives of the drug (whichever is longer) prior to randomization
• Patients must not have a history of severe allergic anaphylactic reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins
• Patient must not have a known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or to any component of the atezolizumab formulation
• Patient must not have a known allergy or hypersensitivity to any component of the atezolizumab and bevacizumab formulation
A Study of a Mean Pulmonary Artery Pressure-Targeted Approach With Early and Rapid Treprostinil Therapy to Reverse Right Ventricular Remodeling in Participants With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (ARTISAN)
The primary objective of this study is to assess the effect of early and rapid treprostinil therapy for mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) reduction to improve right ventricular (RV) function and reverse RV remodeling in participants with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).
• Confirmed PAH (WHO Group 1) classified by one of the following subgroups:
• Idiopathic, heritable or drug/toxin induced (with the exception of amphetamine-induced PAH)
• Associated with repaired congenital systemic-to-pulmonary shunts (repaired ≥1 year)
• Associated with connective tissue disease
• Associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection
• Baseline visit right heart catheterization (RHC) must also meet the following criteria:
• mPAP >35 mmHg
• Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) >2 Wood units
• Pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP) ≤15 mmHg
• On a stable dose of an endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA) and/or phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (PDE-5i) or soluble guanylate cyclase stimulator (sGC) therapy or if treatment naïve, willing to take one of these medications in addition to study drug
• REVEAL Lite 2 risk score ≤9
• WHO FC II or III
• 6MWD >165 meters
• Prior or current use of epoprostenol, treprostinil, iloprost, beraprost, or selexipag
• Positive vasoreactivity test in idiopathic, heritable, or drug/toxin induced PAH
• Amphetamine use within the past 12 months
• WHO Groups 2, 3, 4, and 5
• Use of any other investigational drug, device, or therapy within 30 days of the Baseline visit
• Moderate or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class B and C)
• Any other clinically significant illness or abnormal laboratory value(s) measured during screening that, in the opinion of the Investigator, might adversely affect interpretation of the study data or participant safety (for example, active infection, chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, or acute/recent deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism)
• Chronic atrial fibrillation, multiple premature ventricular or atrial contractions of clinical significance, or any other condition that would interfere with proper cardiac gating during cMRI
• Permanent cardiac pacemaker or automatic internal cardioverter that would interfere with conduct of cMRI
• Metallic implant (for example, defibrillator, neurostimulator, hearing aid, permanent infusion device, implantable pump, or body plates/screws/bolts) that would interfere with conduct of cMRI CardioMEMS-related Exclusion Criteria, if applicable:
• Previously implanted with CardioMEMS pulmonary artery Sensor or unwilling/unable to permit collection and perform upload (transmission) of pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) readings
• Unable to take dual antiplatelet or anticoagulation therapy for 30 days after CardioMEMS PA Sensor implantation unless the participant has an indication for warfarin or direct oral anticoagulant NOTE: Other inclusion and exclusion criteria may apply.
Namodenoson in the Treatment of Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Patients With Child-Pugh Class B7 Cirrhosis (LIVERATION)
This is a clinical trial in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and Child-Pugh Class B7 (CPB7) cirrhosis whose disease has progressed on at least 1st-line therapy. The trial will evaluate the efficacy and safety of namodenoson as compared to placebo.
• Males and females at least 18 years of age.
• Diagnosis of HCC:
• For patients without cirrhosis at the time of diagnosis, histologic confirmation is required (archival tissue is acceptable).
• For patients with underlying cirrhosis at the time of diagnosis, diagnosis of HCC established according to the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases Practice Guideline algorithm (Marrero 2018).
• HCC is advanced (i.e., treatment-refractory or metastatic) and no standard therapies are expected to be curative.
• HCC has progressed on at least 1, but no more than 2, prior systemic treatment regimens; prior locoregional therapy is allowed.
• Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) Stage B or C (Llovet 1999).
• Prior HCC treatment was discontinued for at least 2 weeks prior to the Baseline Visit.
• Measurable disease by RECIST v1.1 (Eisenhauer 2009).
• ECOG PS of ≤ 1.
• Cirrhosis classified as CPB7; if ascites is used as a scoring criterion, it must be classified as Grade ≥2 by the Clinical Practice Guidelines of the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL 2010).
• The following laboratory values must be documented within ten days prior to the first dose of study drug:
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 × 109/L
• Platelet count at least 75 × 10^9/L
• Creatinine clearance at least 50 mg/dL (estimated glomerular filtration rate by the Cockcroft-Gault or the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease methods)
• AST and ALT ≤ 5 × the upper limit of normal (ULN)
• Total bilirubin ≤ 3.0 mg/dL
• Serum albumin ≥ 2.8 g/dL.
• Life expectancy of ≥ 6 weeks.
• For women of childbearing potential, negative serum pregnancy test result.
• Provide written informed consent to participate.
• Willing to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory assessments, and other trial-related procedures.
• Receipt of >2 prior systemic drug therapies for HCC.
• Receipt of systemic cancer therapy, immunomodulatory drug therapy, immunosuppressive therapy, or corticosteroids > 20 mg/day prednisone or equivalent within 14 days prior to the Baseline Visit or concurrently during the trial.
• Locoregional treatment within 4 weeks prior to the Baseline Visit.
• Major surgery or radiation therapy within 4 weeks prior to the Baseline Visit.
• Use of any investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to the Baseline Visit.
• Concomitant use of P-glycoprotein (P-gp)/breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) inhibitors and/or substrates with a narrow therapeutic index unless the medication can be taken at least 3 hours before or after taking the investigational product (see Section 12.2).
• Child-Pugh Class A, B8/9, or C cirrhosis.
• Hepatic encephalopathy.
• Occurrence of esophageal or other gastrointestinal hemorrhage requiring transfusion within 4 weeks prior to the Baseline Visit.
• Uncontrolled or clinically unstable thyroid disease, per judgment of the Principal Investigator.
• Active bacterial, viral, or fungal infection requiring systemic therapy or operative or radiological intervention.
• Known human immunodeficiency virus- or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related illness.
• Liver transplant.
• Active malignancy other than HCC.
• Uncontrolled arterial hypertension or congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Classification 3 or 4).
• Angina, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft surgery, transient ischemic attack, or pulmonary embolism within 3 months prior to initiation of study drug.
• History of, or ongoing, cardiac dysrhythmias requiring treatment, atrial fibrillation of any grade, or persistent prolongation of the QTc (Fridericia) interval to > 470 msec (patients with bundle branch block will not be excluded for QTc reasons).
• Pregnant or lactating female.
• Women of childbearing potential, unless they agree to use dual contraceptive methods which, in the opinion of the Investigator, are effective and adequate for the patient's circumstances while on study drug.
• Men who partner with a woman of childbearing potential, unless they agree to use effective, dual contraceptive methods (i.e., a condom, with female partner using oral, injectable, or barrier method) while on study drug and for 3 months afterward.
• Any severe, acute, or chronic medical or psychiatric condition, or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with trial participation or study drug administration; may interfere with the informed consent process and/or with compliance with the requirements of the trial; or may interfere with the interpretation of trial results and, in the Investigator's opinion, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this trial.
Venetoclax in Children With Relapsed Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
A study to evaluate if the randomized addition of venetoclax to a chemotherapy backbone (fludarabine/cytarabine/gemtuzumab ozogamicin [GO]) improves survival of children/adolescents/young adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in 1st relapse who are unable to receive additional anthracyclines, or in 2nd relapse.
• Participants must have enrolled on APAL2020SC, NCT Number: NCT04726241 prior to enrollment on ITCC-101/APAL2020D. (This is only applicable for participants in USA/Canada/Australia/New Zealand sites/LLS territory).
• Participants must be ≥ 29 days of age and ≤ 21 years of age at enrollment.
• Participants must have one of the following:
• Children, adolescents, and young adults with acute myeloid leukemia without FLT3/internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutation in:
• Second relapse, who are sufficiently fit to undergo another round of intensive chemotherapy
• First relapse who per investigator discretion cannot tolerate additional anthracycline containing chemotherapy.
• Participants must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1 or 2 (≥ 50% Lansky or Karnofsky score)
• Participants must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anti-cancer directed therapy prior to start of protocol treatment:
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy: Must not have received cytotoxic chemotherapy within 14 days prior to start of protocol treatment, except for corticosteroids, low dose cytarabine or hydroxyurea that can be given up to 24 hours prior to start of protocol treatment.
• Intrathecal cytotoxic therapy: No wash-out time is required for participants having received any combination of intrathecal cytarabine, methotrexate, and/or hydrocortisone.
• Antibodies: ≥ 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of an antibody-drug conjugate before start of protocol treatment. For unmodified antibodies or T cell engaging antibodies, 2 half-lives must have elapsed before start of protocol treatment. Any toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to Grade ≤ 1.
• Interleukins, Interferons and Cytokines (other than Hematopoietic Growth Factors): ≥ 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than Hematopoietic Growth Factors) before start of protocol treatment.
• Hematopoietic growth factors: ≥ 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g., pegfilgrastim) or ≥7 days for short-acting growth factor before start of protocol treatment.
• Radiation therapy (RT) (before start of protocol treatment):
• ≥ 14 days have elapsed for local palliative RT (small port);
• ≥ 84 days must have elapsed if prior craniospinal RT or if ≥ 50% radiation of pelvis;
• ≥ 42 days must have elapsed if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation.
• Stem Cell Infusions (before start of protocol treatment):
• ≥ 84 days since allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant (with or without total body irradiation [TBI]) or boost infusion (any stem cell product; not including donor lymphocyte infusion [DLI])
• No evidence of active graft versus host disease (GVHD).
• Participants who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to treat or prevent either graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant or organ rejection post-transplant are not eligible for this trial. Participants must be off medications to treat or prevent either graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant or organ rejection post-transplant for at least 14 days prior to enrollment.
• Cellular Therapy: ≥ 42 days after the completion of donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or any type of cellular therapy (e.g., modified T cells, natural killer [NK] cells, dendritic cells, etc.) before start of protocol treatment.
• Participants with prior exposure to venetoclax are eligible in this trial
• Adequate organ function:
• Adequate Renal Function defined as:
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥ 60ml/min/1.73 m^2, or
• Normal serum creatinine based on age/sex
• Adequate Liver Function defined as:
• Direct bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), and
• Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 x ULN, and
• Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤
• 5 x ULN. If liver abnormality is due to radiographically identifiable leukemia infiltrate, the participant will remain eligible.
• Cardiac performance: Minimum cardiac function defined as:
• No history of congestive heart failure in need of medical treatment
• No pre-treatment diminished left ventricular function on echocardiography (shortening fraction [SF] < 25% or ejection fraction [EF] < 40%)
• No signs of congestive heart failure at presentation of relapse.
• Participant, parent or guardian must sign and date informed consent and pediatric assent (when required), prior to the initiation of screening or study specific procedures, according to local law and legislation. Exclusion Criteria
• Participants who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the study requirements of the study, are not eligible.
• Participants with Down syndrome.
• Participants with Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) or Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML).
• Participants with isolated CNS3 disease or symptomatic CNS3 disease.
• Participants with malabsorption syndrome or any other condition that precludes enteral administration of venetoclax.
• Participants who are currently receiving another investigational drug (GO is not considered investigational in this study).
• Participants with Fanconi anemia, Kostmann syndrome, Shwachman syndrome or any other known congenital bone marrow failure syndrome.
• Participants with known prior allergy to any of the medications used in protocol therapy.
• Participants with documented active, uncontrolled infection at the time of study entry.
• No known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
• Post menarchal female participants with positive pregnancy test.
• Concomitant Medications
• Participants who have received strong and moderate CYP3A inducers such as rifampin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, and St. John's wort within 7 days of the start of study treatment.
• Participants who have consumed grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges (including marmalade containing Seville oranges) or starfruit within 3 days of the start of study treatment.
• Participants who have hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in summary of product characteristics (SPC).
• Pregnancy or Breast-Feeding:
• Participants who are pregnant or breast-feeding.
• Participants of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use a highly effective contraceptive method per clinical trials facilitation group (CTFG) guidelines for the duration of study therapy and for 6 months after the completion of all study therapy.
• Male participants must use a condom during intercourse and agree not to father a child or donate sperm during therapy and for the duration of study therapy and for 4 months after the completion of all study therapy. Additional criteria to receive a gemtuzumab ozogamicin infusion: Gemtuzumab ozogamicin should not be given:
• to participants with history of veno-occlusive disease (VOD)/Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) grade 4
• to participants with history of VOD/SOS grade 3
• to participants with CD33 negative leukemic blasts (determined at local lab) Note that these participants are eligible for the study but will not be treated with gemtuzumab ozogamicin.
Impact of Bromocriptine on Clinical Outcomes for Peripartum Cardiomyopathy (REBIRTH)
The study will enroll 200 women newly diagnosed with peripartum cardiomyopathy within 5 months postpartum in a randomized placebo controlled trial of bromocriptine therapy to evaluate its impact on myocardial recovery and clinical outcomes. Given that bromocriptine prevents breastfeeding, an additional 50 women with peripartum cardiomyopathy excluded from the trial due to a desire to continue breastfeeding but meeting all other entry criteria will be followed in an observational cohort.
• Presentation with a new diagnosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy
• Post-delivery and within the first 5 months post-partum.
• Clinical assessment of an LVEF < or =0.35 within 4 weeks of randomization
• Age > or = 18.
• Previous diagnosis of cardiomyopathy, valvular disease or congenital heart disease (with the exception of women with a history of peripartum cardiomyopathy with complete recovery and a documented LVEF > 0.55 prior to or in early pregnancy)
• Refractory hypertension (Systolic >160 or Diastolic > 95) either at the time of enrollment or at the time of the qualifying LVEF.
• Postpartum women currently breastfeeding and planning to continue.
• Evidence of coronary artery disease (>50% stenosis of major epicardial vessel or positive non-invasive stress test)
• Previous cardiac transplant
• Current durable LVAD support
• Currently requiring support with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
• Current history of alcohol or drug abuse
• Chemotherapy or chest radiation within 5 years of enrollment
• Evidence of ongoing bacterial septicemia
• Medical, social or psychiatric condition which limit the ability to comply with follow-up.
A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Mitapivat in Pediatric Participants With Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKD) Who Are Not Regularly Transfused, Followed by a 5-Year Extension Period (ACTIVATE-Kids)
Study ACTIVATE-Kids (AG348-C-023) will evaluate the efficacy and safety of orally administered mitapivat as compared with placebo in pediatric participants with pyruvate kinase deficiency (PKD) who are not regularly receiving blood transfusions. Participants will be randomized 2:1 to receive either mitapivat or matching placebo. Randomization will be stratified by age (1 to < 6 years, 6 to < 12 years, 12 to < 18 years). Participants will be dosed by age and weight during a double-blind period consisting of an 8-week dose titration period followed by a 12-week fixed-dose period. Participants who complete the double-blind period will be eligible to receive mitapivat for up to 5 years in the open-label extension (OLE) period.
• Written informed consent from the participant, or the participant's legally authorized representative, parent(s), or legal guardian, and the participant's assent, where applicable (informed consent/assent) must be obtained before any study-related procedures are conducted, and participants must be willing to comply with all study procedures for the duration of the study;
• Aged 1 to <18 years. Participants between 12 and 24 months of age must weigh a minimum of 7 kilograms (kg);
• Clinical laboratory confirmation of pyruvate kinase deficiency (PKD), defined as documented presence of at least 2 mutant alleles in the pyruvate kinase L/R (PKLR) gene, of which at least 1 is a missense mutation, as determined per the genotyping performed by the study central genotyping laboratory;
• No more than 5 red blood cell (RBC) transfusions in the 52-week period before providing informed consent/assent and no RBC transfusions ≤12 weeks before administration of the first dose of study drug;
• Hemoglobin concentration ≤10 grams per deciliter (g/dL) for participants 12 to <18 years of age or ≤9 g/dL for participants 1 to <12 years of age during the screening period. Hb concentration must be based on an average of at least 2 Hb concentration measurements (separated by ≥7 days) collected during the screening period;
• Receiving folic acid supplementation as part of routine clinical care for at least 21 days before administration of the first dose of study drug, to be continued during study participation;
• Female participants who have attained menarche and/or breast development in Tanner Stage 2, as well as male participants with partners who have attained menarche, must be abstinent of sexual activities that may induce pregnancy as part of their usual lifestyle, or agree to use 2 forms of contraception, 1 of which must be considered highly effective, from the time of informed consent/assent, throughout the study, and for 28 days after the last dose of study drug (including the time required to dose taper) for female participants who have attained menarche and 90 days after the last dose of study drug (including the time required to dose taper) for male participants . The second form of contraception can include an acceptable barrier method.
• Pregnant or breastfeeding;
• Homozygous for the R479H mutation or have 2 nonmissense mutations, without the presence of another missense mutation, in the PKLR gene as determined per the genotyping performed by the study central genotyping laboratory;
• History of malignancy;
• History of active and/or uncontrolled cardiac or pulmonary disease or clinically relevant QT prolongation within 6 months before providing informed consent/assent;
• Hepatobiliary disorders including, but not limited to:
• Liver disease with histopathological evidence of cirrhosis or severe fibrosis;
• Clinically symptomatic cholelithiasis or cholecystitis (participants with prior cholecystectomy are eligible);
• History of drug-induced cholestatic hepatitis;
• Aspartate aminotransferase >2.5×upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless due to hemolysis and/or hepatic iron deposition) and alanine aminotransferase >2.5×ULN (unless due to hepatic iron deposition);
• Renal dysfunction as defined by an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 milliliters per minute (mL/min)/1.73 m^2;
• Nonfasting triglycerides >440 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) (5 millimoles per liter [mmol/L]);
• Active uncontrolled infection requiring systemic antimicrobial therapy;
• Participants with a high likelihood of exposure to, or parental history of, hepatitis B or hepatitis C who subsequently test positive for hepatitis B antigen or hepatitis C virus antibody with signs of active hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus infection;
• Participants with a high likelihood of exposure to, or parental history of, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who subsequently test positive for HIV-1 or -2 antibodies;
• History of major surgery (including splenectomy) ≤6 months before providing informed consent/assent and/or planning on undergoing a major surgical procedure during the screening or double-blind period;
• Current enrollment or past participation (within 90 days before the first dose of study drug or a time frame equivalent to 5 half-lives of the investigational study drug, whichever is longer) in any other clinical study involving an investigational study drug or device;
• Prior bone marrow or stem cell transplantation;
• Currently receiving hematopoietic stimulating agents; the last dose must have been administered at least 28 days or a time frame equivalent to 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) before randomization;
• Receiving products that are strong inhibitors of CYP3A4/5 that have not been stopped for ≥5 days or a time frame equivalent to 5 half-lives (whichever is longer), or strong inducers of CYP3A4 that have not been stopped for ≥28 days or a time frame equivalent to 5 half-lives (whichever is longer), before randomization;
• Receiving anabolic steroids, including testosterone preparations, that have not been stopped for at least 28 days before randomization;
• Known allergy to mitapivat or its excipients (microcrystalline cellulose, croscarmellose sodium, sodium stearyl fumarate, mannitol, and magnesium stearate);
• Any medical, hematologic, psychological, or behavioral condition(s) or prior or current therapy that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may confer an unacceptable risk to participating in the study and/or could confound the interpretation of the study data.
Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Daily Subcutaneous Metreleptin Treatment in Subjects With PL (METRE-PL)
This is a Phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled, safety and efficacy study of daily SC metreleptin in subjects with Partial Lipodystrophy.
• Diagnosis of Familial Partial Lipodystrophy (FPLD)
• Previous treatment with metreleptin
Pediatric Radiation Oncology With Movie Induced Sedation Effect (PROMISE)
PROMISE (Pediatric Radiation Oncology with Movie Induced Sedation Effect) is an interactive incentive-based movie system that integrates with a video surveillance gating module (VisionRT) as an alternative sedation solution for pediatric patients undergoing radiation treatment (RT). This single-arm, open label, single-center phase II clinical trial is to implement PROMISE for all children ages 3-11 who are planned to undergo RT at the institution. The primary goal is to decrease the total number of pediatric patients who require general anesthesia through the use of PROMISE, with secondary goals being to assess the impact that PROMISE has on patient/family anxiety and quality of life, treatment time and clinical efficiency, and overall cost. The investigators hypothesize that PROMISE will lead to a reduction in the percentage of patients ages 3-7 who require general anesthesia use from 70% (historical control) to 30%.
• Planned to undergo radiation treatment
• Age 3-11 years
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2 at screening
• Parents or guardians with the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.
• Subjects with documented medical behavior conditions or other conditions necessitating anesthesia use
• Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that, in the opinion of the investigator, would limit compliance with study requirements.
• Subjects whose parents opt to not include them (the subject) in the clinical trial.
Study of BOTOX Injections to Assess Change in Disease Activity and Adverse Events in Adult Female Participants With Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS)
Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS) is a chronic and debilitating urological complex of disorders characterized by symptoms of bladder pain or discomfort, mostly upon bladder filling, and often accompanied by lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). This study will assess how safe and effective BOTOX (onabotulinumtoxinA) is in treating IC/BPS. Adverse events and change in disease symptoms will be evaluated. BOTOX (onabotulinumtoxinA) is an investigational drug being developed for the treatment of Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS). Study doctors randomly assign the participants to 1 of 2 groups, called treatment arms, to receive BOTOX or placebo. There is a 1 in 2 chance that participants will be assigned to placebo. Approximately 80 female participants, aged 18 to 75 years, with a diagnosis of IC/BPS will be enrolled in approximately 40 sites in the United States and Canada. Participants will receive BOTOX or placebo injected into the bladder on Day 1 and will be followed for at least 12 weeks in treatment 1. Eligible participants may request additional dose of BOTOX between Weeks 12 and 24, and will be followed for 12 weeks in treatment period 2. There may be higher treatment burden for participants in this trial compared to their standard of care. Participants will attend regular visits during the study at a hospital or clinic. The effect of the treatment will be checked by medical assessments, blood tests, checking for side effects and completing questionnaires.
• Presence of Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS) symptoms for at least 6 months, diagnosed by the investigator as IC/BPS, and confirmed dominant bladder derived pain.
• History or current diagnosis of Hunner Lesions.
Radiofrequency Ablation of Adenomyosis
To observe the effects of radiofrequency ablation on adenomyosis through the pathological analysis of treated tissue that has been removed during planned hysterectomy.
• planning to undergo an abdominal, laparoscopic, or robotic-assisted hysterectomy due to benign conditions
• uterus < 16 weeks gestational size if undergoing a laparoscopic or robotic procedure (no size limit for patients planning to undergo a transabdominal hysterectomy)
• at least one area of focal or diffuse adenomyosis or adenomyomas that is/are contralateral to any fibroids as determined by MRI
• able to provide informed consent
• suitable candidates for surgery (have passed a standard pre-operative health assessment)
• English speaking
• require emergent hysterectomy or vaginal hysterectomy
• have a uterus > 16 weeks gestational size if undergoing a laparoscopic or robotic procedure (no size limit for patients planning to undergo a transabdominal hysterectomy)
• have fibroids in the proximity of the target adenomyosis (same side, similar location)
• are not appropriate surgical candidates as determined during pre-operative health assessment
• are unable or unwilling to undergo a hysterectomy
• are pregnant or lactating
• are under the age of 18 years
• have active pelvic inflammatory disease
• have a history of gynecologic malignancy within the past 3 years
• are unable to give informed consent
• have an implantable uterine or fallopian tube device for contraception
• are not English speaking
Efficacy and Safety of REC-2282 in Patients With Progressive Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2) Mutated Meningiomas (POPLAR-NF2)
This is a parallel-group, two-staged, Phase 2/3, randomized, multi-center study to investigate the efficacy and safety of REC-2282 in patients with progressive NF2 mutated meningiomas.
• ≥12 years of age and weighing at least 40 kg
• Progressive meningioma that is amenable to volumetric analysis
• Has either 1) sporadic meningioma with confirmed NF2 mutation; or, 2) confirmed diagnosis of NF2 disease (revised Manchester criteria); or, 3) at least one NF2-related tumor (with pathogenic germline or proven mosaic NF2 variant)
• Adequate bone marrow function
• Has provided written informed consent/assent to participate in the study
• Progressive disease associated with significant or disabling clinical symptoms likely to require surgery or radiation therapy within the next 3 months.
• Received prior surgery, radiosurgery, or laser interstitial thermal therapy in the target tumor, or immediately adjacent to the target tumor within 6 months prior to screening.
• Received an anti- tumor agent for meningioma within 3 months, or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer), prior to screening.
• History of an active malignancy within the previous 3 years except for localized cancers that are considered cured, and, in the opinion of the investigator, present a low risk of recurrence.
• Received another investigational drug within 30 days prior to screening
• Pregnant, lactating, or is planning to attempt to become pregnant or impregnate someone during this study or within 90 days after the last dose of IMP.
Neurostimulation to Improve NOWS Outcomes (SPROUT)
The objective of this study is to determine if tAN therapy can reduce the median number of days of oral morphine administered to an infant after start of treatment.
• Neonates or infants >33 weeks gestational age with NOWS who have withdrawal scores requiring morphine replacement therapy
• Clinically stable or on minimal respiratory support (continuous positive airway pressure [CPAP], nasal cannula, or room air)
• Stable neonates who are dependent on opioids following extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, severe illness, or brain injury will be included in this study as these neonates represent a population in which tAN could minimize withdrawal while not adding burden of pharmacotherapies
• Congenital syndromes may be included if the infants do not have major, unrepaired anomalies Exclusion Criteria
• Unstable infants or those requiring significant respiratory support
• Repeated episodes of autonomic instability (apnea or bradycardia) which are not self-resolving
• Major unrepaired congenital anomalies impacting respiratory or cardiovascular system
• Abnormal ear anatomy preventing the device to fit
• Infants diagnosed with iatrogenic NOWS without intrauterine exposure
• Infants two weeks of age or older (after birth)
• Neonates who have received more than 6 methadone doses or 24 hours of methadone dosing
• Infants who are wards of the state
• Participant has any other significant disease or disorder which, in the opinion of the Investigator, may either put the participants at risk because of participation in the trial, or may influence the result of the trial, or the participant's ability to participate in the trial
A Study of CAP-1002 in Ambulatory and Non-Ambulatory Patients With Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (HOPE-3)
HOPE-3 is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial evaluating the safety and efficacy of a cell therapy called CAP-1002 in study participants with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and impaired skeletal muscle function. Non-ambulatory and ambulatory boys and young men who meet eligibility criteria will be randomly assigned to receive either CAP-1002 or placebo every 3 months for a total of 4 doses during a 12-month period. All participants will be eligible to receive CAP-1002 for an additional 12 months as part of an open label extended assessment period.
• Male subjects at least 10 years of age at time of consent who are willing and able to provide informed consent to participate in the trial and diagnosed with DMD as confirmed by the Investigator
• Genetically confirmed DMD
• Performance of the Upper Limb test (PUL) entry item scores 2-6 and total PUL score less than or equal to 40. Enrollment of patients with PUL entry score 6, Exon 44 skipping amenable, and/or Exon 3 through 7 deletions will be capped at no more than 10% of the total study population.
• Reduced ability to walk/run (if ambulatory): subjects must take more than 10 seconds for the 10-meter walk/run (i.e., velocity < 1 meter/second)
• If non-ambulatory, loss of independent ambulation between 10th and 18th year birthday
• Treatment with systemic glucocorticoids for at least 12 months and at a stable dose at least 6 months prior to study participation, except for weight-based or toxicity-related adjustments
• Current and up-to-date immunizations
• Adequate venous access for parenteral IP infusions and routine blood collection
• Assessed by the Investigator as willing and able to comply with the requirements of the trial
• Sexually active subjects and their partners who are fertile must agree to use effective method(s) of contraception
• Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than or equal to 35% prior to randomization
• Elbow-flexion contractures > 30° in both extremities
• Body mass index (BMI) > 45
• Percent predicted forced vital capacity (FVC%) < 35% within 6 months prior to randomization
• Inability to perform consistent PUL 2.0 measurement within ± 2 points without shoulder domain or within ± 3 points with shoulder domain during paired testing at screening
• Risk of near-term respiratory decompensation in the judgment of the Investigator, or the need for initiation of day and night non-invasive ventilator support as defined by serum bicarbonate ≥ 29 mmol/L at screening
• History of non DMD-related chronic respiratory disease requiring ongoing or intermittent treatment, including, but not limited to, asthma, bronchitis, and tuberculosis
• Acute respiratory illness within 30 days prior to screening and during screening
• Initiation of nocturnal non-invasive ventilation within 30 days prior to screening
• Planned or anticipated thoracic or spinal surgery within the 6 months following randomization
• Planned or anticipated lower extremity surgery within the 6 months following randomization, if ambulatory
• Known hypersensitivity to dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or bovine products
• Initiation of treatment with metformin or insulin within 3 months prior to randomization
• Initiation of treatment with an FDA-approved exon skipping therapy for the treatment of DMD and/or non-weight based adjustments within 12 months prior to randomization
• Treatment with human growth hormone within 3 months prior to randomization, unless on a stable dose allowing for weight-based dose adjustments (as determined by the site Investigator) for at least 24 months prior to randomization
• Treatment with a cell therapy product within 12 months prior to randomization; any prior exposure to CAP-1002 will be excluded
• Treatment with an investigational product within 6 months prior to randomization
• History, or current use, of drugs or alcohol that could impair the ability to comply with participation in the trial
• Inability to comply with the investigational plan and follow-up visit schedule for any reason, in the judgment of the investigator
• Inability to undergo a cardiac MRI
Preventing Cognitive Decline by Reducing BP Target Trial (PCOT)
The PCOT study is a multi-site randomized trial of patients 70 years or older with high BP. The main goal of the study Preventing Cognitive Decline by Reducing BP Target Trial (PCOT) is to conduct a large pragmatic clinical trial (PCT) to test the hypothesis that patients who receive care with a combination of clinical decision support (CDS) and team-based care delivered in primary care practices will have better blood pressure control and a lower incidence of mild cognitive impairment and dementia than patients receiving usual medical care. Patients will be recruited from UT Southwestern Medical Center and Parkland Health & Hospital System.
• High BP defined as at least 1 BP readings of SBP >= 130 or DBP >=80 during the 24 months prior to enrollment
• Clinic visit with primary care provider within the last 24 months
• Ability to write and speak English or Spanish
• 70 years of age or older
• Ability to understand and willingness to provide informed consent
• Owns a smartphone
• Blood pressure consistently <130/80 mmHg
• Presence of dementia, Alzheimer's disease, or significant neurological disease
• Major and unstable heart disease (e.g., acute heart failure (systolic or diastolic), acute on chronic heart failure (systolic or diastolic), acute coronary syndrome or cardiac arrest, liver or renal transplantation
• Under 70 years of age
• Inability to write or speak English or Spanish
• Chronic kidney disease stage 5 or ESKD
• Any conditions judged by the medical providers to contraindicate participation due to risk to patient safety or lack of adherence
• Expected life expectancy under a year
A Study of the Drug Selinexor With Radiation Therapy in Patients With Newly-Diagnosed Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine (DIPG) Glioma and High-Grade Glioma (HGG)
This phase I/II trial tests the safety, side effects, and best dose of selinexor given in combination with standard radiation therapy in treating children and young adults with newly diagnosed diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) or high-grade glioma (HGG) with a genetic change called H3 K27M mutation. It also tests whether combination of selinexor and standard radiation therapy works to shrink tumors in this patient population. Glioma is a type of cancer that occurs in the brain or spine. Glioma is considered high risk (or high-grade) when it is growing and spreading quickly. The term, risk, refers to the chance of the cancer coming back after treatment. DIPG is a subtype of HGG that grows in the pons (a part of the brainstem that controls functions like breathing, swallowing, speaking, and eye movements). This trial has two parts. The only difference in treatment between the two parts is that some subjects treated in Part 1 may receive a different dose of selinexor than the subjects treated in Part 2. In Part 1 (also called the Dose-Finding Phase), investigators want to determine the dose of selinexor that can be given without causing side effects that are too severe. This dose is called the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). In Part 2 (also called the Efficacy Phase), investigators want to find out how effective the MTD of selinexor is against HGG or DIPG. Selinexor blocks a protein called CRM1, which may help keep cancer cells from growing and may kill them. It is a type of small molecule inhibitor called selective inhibitors of nuclear export (SINE). Radiation therapy uses high energy to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. The combination of selinexor and radiation therapy may be effective in treating patients with newly-diagnosed DIPG and H3 K27M-Mutant HGG.
• STEP 0: Patients must be >= 12 months and =< 21 years of age at the time of enrollment on Step 0.
• Please note:
• This age range includes pre-screening for all HGG patients. Individual treatment protocols may have different age criteria.
• Non-DIPG patients with tumors that do not harbor an H3K27M-mutation and are >= 18 years of age will not be eligible to enroll on ACNS1821 (Step 1).
• STEP 0: Patient is suspected of having localized, newly diagnosed HGG, excluding metastatic disease, OR patient has an institutional diagnosis of DIPG
• STEP 0:
• For patients with non-pontine tumors: Patient and/or their parents or legal guardians have signed informed consent for eligibility screening on APEC14B1 Part A.
• For patients with DIPG: Patient and/or their parents or legal guardians have signed informed consent for ACNS1821.
• STEP 0:
• For patients with non-pontine tumors only, the specimens obtained at the time of diagnostic biopsy or surgery must be submitted through APEC14B1 ASAP, preferably within 5 calendar days of definitive surgery
• STEP 1: Patients must be >= 12 months and =< 21 years of age at the time of enrollment
• STEP 1: Patients must have newly-diagnosed DIPG or HGG (including DMG).
• STEP 1: Stratum DIPG
• Patients with newly-diagnosed typical DIPG, defined as tumors with a pontine epicenter and diffuse involvement of at least 2/3 of the pons on at least 1 axial T2 weighted image, are eligible. No histologic confirmation is required.
• Patients with pontine tumors that do not meet radiographic criteria for typical DIPG (e.g., focal tumors or those involving less than 2/3 of the pontine cross-sectional area with or without extrapontine extension) are eligible if the tumors are biopsied and proven to be high-grade gliomas (such as anaplastic astrocytoma, glioblastoma, high-grade glioma not otherwise specified [NOS], and/or H3 K27M-mutant) by institutional diagnosis.
• STEP 1: Stratum DMG (with H3 K27M mutation)
• Patients must have newly-diagnosed non-pontine H3 K27M-mutant HGG without BRAF V600 or IDH1 mutations as confirmed by Rapid Central Pathology and Molecular Screening Reviews performed on APEC14B1
• Note: Patients need not have either measurable or evaluable disease, i.e., DMG patients may have complete resection of their tumor prior to enrollment. Primary spinal tumors are eligible for enrollment. For rare H3 K27M-mutant HGG in non-midline structures (e.g., cerebral hemispheres), these patients will be considered part of Stratum DMG.
• STEP 1: Stratum HGG (without H3 K27M mutation)
• Patients must have newly-diagnosed non-pontine H3 K27M-wild type HGG without BRAF V600 or IDH1 mutations as confirmed by Rapid Central Pathology and Molecular Screening Reviews performed on APEC14B1
• Please note:
• Patients who fall in this category and who are >= 18 years of age are not eligible due to another standard-of-care regimen (radiation/temozolomide) that is available
• Patients need not have either measurable or evaluable disease, i.e., HGG patients may have complete resection of their tumor prior to enrollment. Primary spinal tumors are eligible for enrollment
• STEP 1: Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1 or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =<16 years of age. Patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score.
• STEP 1: Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/uL (within 7 days prior to step 1 enrollment)
• STEP 1: Platelet count >= 100,000/uL (transfusion independent) (within 7 days prior to step 1 enrollment)
• STEP 1: Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions) (within 7 days prior to step 1 enrollment)
• STEP 1: Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (within 7 days prior to step 1 enrollment) or A serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (within 7 days prior to step 1 enrollment):
• Age / Maximum Serum Creatinine (mg/dL)
• 1 to < 2 years / male: 0.6; female: 0.6
• 2 to < 6 years / male: 0.8; female: 0.8
• 6 to < 10 years / male: 1; female: 1
• 10 to < 13 years / male: 1.2; female: 1.2
• 13 to < 16 years / male: 1.5; female: 1.4
• >= 16 years / male: 1.7; female: 1.4
• STEP 1: Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• STEP 1: Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L. For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L.
• STEP 1: Serum amylase =< 1.5 x ULN
• STEP 1: Serum lipase =< 1.5 x ULN
• STEP 1: No evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance, and a pulse oximetry > 94% if there is clinical indication for determination.
• STEP 1: Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on anticonvulsants and well controlled.
• STEP 1: Patients must be enrolled and protocol therapy must begin no later than 31 days after the date of radiographic diagnosis (in the case of non-biopsied DIPG patients only) or definitive surgery, whichever is the later date (Day 0). For patients who have a biopsy followed by resection, the date of resection will be considered the date of definitive diagnostic surgery. If a biopsy only was performed, the biopsy date will be considered the date of definitive diagnostic surgery.
• STEP 1: Patients must not have received any prior therapy for their central nervous system (CNS) malignancy except for surgery and steroid medications.
• STEP 1: Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible.
• STEP 1: Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible.
• STEP 1: Patients >=18 years of age who have H3 K27M-wild type HGG.
• STEP 1: Patients who have an uncontrolled infection.
• STEP 1: Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation.
• STEP 1: Patients with grade > 1 extrapyramidal movement disorder.
• STEP 1: Patients with known macular degeneration, uncontrolled glaucoma, or cataracts.
• STEP 1: Patients with metastatic disease are not eligible; MRI of spine with and without contrast must be performed if metastatic disease is suspected by the treating physician.
• STEP 1: Patients with gliomatosis cerebri type 1 or 2 are not eligible, with the exception of H3 K27M-mutant bithalamic tumors.
• STEP 1: Patients who are not able to receive protocol specified radiation therapy.
• STEP 1:
• Female patients who are pregnant are ineligible since there is yet no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities.
• Lactating females are not eligible unless they have agreed not to breastfeed their infants. It is not known whether selinexor is excreted in human milk.
• Female patients of childbearing potential are not eligible unless a negative pregnancy test result has been obtained.
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential are not eligible unless they have agreed to use two effective methods of birth control (including a medically accepted barrier method of contraception, e.g., male or female condom) for the duration of their study participation and for 90 days after the last dose of selinexor. Abstinence is an acceptable method of birth control.
Testing the Addition of the Chemotherapy Drug Lomustine (Gleostine®) to the Usual Treatment (Temozolomide and Radiation Therapy) for Newly Diagnosed MGMT Methylated Glioblastoma
This phase III trial compares the effect of adding lomustine to temozolomide and radiation therapy versus temozolomide and radiation therapy alone in shrinking or stabilizing newly diagnosed MGMT methylated glioblastoma. Chemotherapy drugs, such as lomustine and temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy photons to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Adding lomustine to usual treatment of temozolomide and radiation therapy may help shrink and stabilize glioblastoma.
• STEP 1 REGISTRATION: No known IDH mutation. (If tested before step 1 registration, patients known to have IDH mutation in the tumor on local or other testing are ineligible and should not be registered)
• STEP 1 REGISTRATION: Availability of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue block and hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained slide to be sent for central pathology review for confirmation of histology and MGMT promoter methylation status. Note that tissue for central pathology review and central MGMT assessment must be received by the NYU Center for Biospecimen Research and Development (CBRD) on or before postoperative calendar day 30. If tissue cannot be received by postoperative calendar day 30, then patients may NOT enroll on this trial as central pathology review will not be complete in time for the patient to start treatment no later than 8 weeks following surgery. Results of central pathology review and central MGMT analysis will generally be conveyed to NRG Oncology within 10 business days of receipt of tissue. Note: In the event of an additional tumor resection(s), tissue must be received within 30 days of the most recent resection and the latest resection must have been performed within 30 days after the initial resection. Surgical resection is required; stereotactic biopsy alone is not allowed because it will not provide sufficient tissue for MGMT analysis
• STEP 1 REGISTRATION: Contrast-enhanced brain MRI after surgery
• STEP 1 REGISTRATION: Willing to use highly effective method of contraception for participants of childbearing potential (participants who may become pregnant or who may impregnate a partner) during therapy and for 6 months after completing treatment; this inclusion is necessary because the treatment in this study may be significantly teratogenic
• STEP 1 REGISTRATION: The patient or a legally authorized representative must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry and, for patients treated in the United States (U.S.), authorization permitting release of personal health information
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Histopathologically proven diagnosis of glioblastoma (or gliosarcoma as a subtype of glioblastoma) confirmed by central pathology review
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: MGMT promoter with methylation confirmed by central pathology review (See Section 10 for details). Note: Patients with tissue that is insufficient or inadequate for analysis, fails MGMT testing, or has indeterminate or unmethylated MGMT promoter are excluded.
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: IDH mutation testing by at least one method (such as immunohistochemistry for IDH1 R132H) must be performed as part of standard of care and no mutation must be found (i.e IDH wildtype). (If a mutation is identified then the patient will be ineligible and must be registered as ineligible at Step 2.)
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: History/physical examination within 28 days prior to Step 2 registration
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Karnofsky performance status (KPS) >= 70 within 28 days prior to Step 2 registration
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Neurologic function assessment within 28 days prior to Step 2 registration
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Age 18-70 years Adequate hematologic, renal, and hepatic function within 14 days prior to STEP 2 REGISTRATION defined as follows:
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dl (Note: the use of transfusion or other intervention to achieve hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 10.0 g/dl is acceptable)
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Leukocytes >= 2,000/mm^3
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mm^3
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional/lab upper limit of normal (ULN)
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) =< 2.5 x ULN
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x ULN
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN OR creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 50 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated
• Note: Known positive test for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) indicating acute or chronic infection would make the patient ineligible unless the viral load becomes undetectable on suppressive therapy. Patients who are immune to hepatitis B (anti-hepatitis B surface antibody positive) are eligible (e.g. patients immunized against hepatitis B)
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: For patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
• Note: Known positive test for hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV ribonucleic acid [RNA]) indicating acute or chronic infection would make the patient ineligible unless the viral load becomes undetectable on suppressive therapy
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months prior to step 2 registration are eligible for this trial. Testing is not required for entry into protocol
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Negative serum or urine pregnancy test (in persons of childbearing potential) within 14 days prior to Step 2 registration
• Childbearing potential is defined as any person who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy) or who is not postmenopausal
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Prior therapy for tumor, except for resection or prior laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT). For example, prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or targeted therapy for GBM or lower grade glioma is disallowed (including but not limited to temozolomide, lomustine, bevacizumab, any viral therapy, ipilimumab or other CTLA-4 antibody, PD-1 antibody, CD-137 agonist, CD40 antibody, PDL-1 or 2 antibody, vaccine therapy, polio or similar viral injection as treatment for the tumor, and/or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or immune checkpoint pathways) as is Gliadel wafer, radiotherapy, radiosurgery, vaccine or other immunotherapy, brachytherapy, or convection enhanced delivery
• Note: 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-mediated fluorescent guided resection (FGR) photodynamic therapy (PDT) or fluorescein administered prior to/during surgery to aid resection is not exclusionary and is not considered a chemotherapy or intracerebral agent. Prior laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) is allowed.
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Current or planned treatment with any other investigational agents for the study cancer
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease outside the brain
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer, cervical cancer in situ and melanoma in situ) unless disease free for a minimum of 2 years
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Prior radiotherapy to the head or neck that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Pregnancy and individuals unwilling to discontinue nursing due to the potential teratogenic effects and potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to temozolomide or lomustine
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: History of pulmonary fibrosis
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:
• Ongoing or active infection requiring IV antibiotics, IV antiviral, or IV antifungal treatment
• Symptomatic congestive heart failure, defined as New York Heart Association Functional Classification III/IV (Note: Patients with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, should have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association Functional Classification)
• Unstable angina pectoris within 6 months prior to Step 2 registration
• Uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia
• Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
• STEP 2 REGISTRATION: No evidence of diffuse leptomeningeal disease that requires whole brain irradiation.
Testing the Addition of the Anti-cancer Drug, Cabozantinib, to the Usual Immunotherapy Treatment, Avelumab, in Patients With Metastatic Urothelial Cancer, MAIN-CAV Study
This phase III trial compares the effect of adding cabozantinib to avelumab versus avelumab alone in treating patients with urothelial cancer that has spread from where it first started (primary site) to other places in the body (metastatic). Cabozantinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as avelumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving cabozantinib and avelumab together may further shrink the cancer or prevent it from returning/progressing.
• Histologically or cytologically-confirmed diagnosis of advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer of the renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, or urethra (transitional cell and mixed transitional/non-transitional cell histologies except for small-cell histology), including N3 only disease prior to start of first-line platinum-based chemotherapy
• Prior first-line treatment must have consisted of 4-6 cycles of 1st-line therapy (platinum-based chemotherapy; gemcitabine-cisplatin, gemcitabine-carboplatin, methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin [MVAC] or dose-dense [dd]MVAC)
• No more than 1 line of prior chemotherapy for metastatic or locally advanced disease (neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy will be allowed if given 12 or more months prior to registration)
• Tumor objective response of CR, PR, or SD upon completion of first line platinum-based chemotherapy by treating physician's assessment
• The last dose of first-line chemotherapy must have been received no less than 3 weeks, and no more than 10 weeks, prior to randomization in the present study
• No prior immunotherapy with IL-2, IFN-alpha, or an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or CTLA-4 antibody (including ipilimumab), or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or immune checkpoint pathways
• Age >= 18 years
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
• Not pregnant and not nursing, because this study involves an agent that has known genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects
• Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test =< 14 days prior to registration.
• Women of childbearing potential include women who have experienced menarche and who have not undergone successful surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or are not postmenopausal. Post menopause is defined as amenorrhea >= 12 consecutive months. Note: women who have been amenorrheic for 12 or more months are still considered to be of childbearing potential if the amenorrhea is possibly due to prior chemotherapy, antiestrogens, ovarian suppression or any other reversible reason
• No use of immunosuppressive medication within 7 days prior to randomization except:
• Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (e.g., intra-articular injection);
• Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses =< 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent;
• Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., computed tomography [CT] scan premedication)
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial
• Patients with diabetes type I, vitiligo, psoriasis, or hypo or hyperthyroid disease not requiring immunosuppressive treatment are eligible
• None of the following:
• Active autoimmune disease that might deteriorate when receiving the anti PD-L1 agent, avelumab.
• No known symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases. Patients with previously diagnosed CNS metastases are eligible if they have completed their treatment and have recovered from the acute effects of radiation therapy or surgery prior to randomization, have discontinued corticosteroid treatment for at least 2 weeks, and are neurologically stable. Baseline brain imaging with contrast-enhanced CT or MRI scans for subjects with known brain metastases is required to confirm eligibility.
• No major surgery within 4 weeks prior to randomization. Subjects must have complete wound healing from surgery before randomization. Subjects with clinically relevant ongoing complications from prior surgery are not eligible.
• No palliative radiotherapy within 48 hours prior to patient randomization.
• No hemoptysis of ≥ 0.5 teaspoon (2.5 mL) of red blood, clinically significant hematuria, hematemesis, coagulopathy, or other history of significant bleeding (eg. Pulmonary hemorrhage) within 3 months before randomization.
• No known cavitating pulmonary lesion(s) or known endobronchial disease manifestation.
• No administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to randomization. The use of inactivated (killed) vaccines for the prevention of infectious disease is permitted. The use of COVID-19 vaccines is permitted.
• No uncontrolled, significant intercurrent or recent illness including, but not limited to, the following conditions:
• Cardiovascular disorders including:
• Congestive heart failure (CHF): New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III (moderate) or class IV (severe) at the time of screening.
• Concurrent uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained blood pressure (BP) > 150 mm Hg systolic, or > 90 mm Hg diastolic despite optimal antihypertensive treatment.
• The patient has a known history of corrected QT interval calculated by the Fridericia formula (QTcF) > 500 ms and confirmed by electrocardiogram (ECG) within 28 days before randomization. Note: if initial QTcF is found to be > 500 ms, two additional electrocardiograms (EKGs) separated by at least 3 minutes should be performed. If the average of these three consecutive results for QTcF is ≤ 500 ms, the subject meets eligibility in this regard.
• Any history of congenital long QT syndrome.
• Stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), myocardial infarction, or other symptomatic ischemic event or thromboembolic event (eg, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism [DVT/PE]) within 6 months before randomization. Subjects with a diagnosis of incidental, subsegmental PE or DVT within 6 months are allowed if asymptomatic and stable at screening and treated with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) or the direct factor Xa inhibitors rivaroxaban, edoxaban, or apixaban for at least 1 week before randomization. Non-symptomatic white matter disease in the brain is acceptable.
• No significant gastrointestinal disorders, particularly those associated with a high risk of perforation or fistula formation including unresolved active peptic ulcer disease, cholecystitis, diverticultis, symptomatic cholangitis or appendicitis, or malabsorption syndrome within 28 days of randomization.
• No other clinically significant disorders such as:
• Any active infection requiring systemic treatment within 14 days before randomization. Subjects receiving oral (including prophylactic) antibiotics with no symptoms of infection at randomization are eligible.
• Serious non-healing wound/ulcer/bone fracture within 28 days before randomization
• History of organ or allogeneic stem cell transplant
• No persisting toxicity related to prior therapy grade > 2 constituting a safety risk based on the investigator's judgment.
• No diagnosis of any other malignancy within 3 years prior to randomization, except for locally curable cancers that have been adequately treated such as basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the breast or of the cervix, Gleason < 7 prostate cancer on surveillance without any plans for treatment intervention (eg, surgery, radiation, or castration), or prostate cancer that has been adequately treated with prostatectomy or radiotherapy and currently with no evidence of disease or symptoms and no indication for treatment.
• No concomitant anticoagulation with coumarin agents (e.g., warfarin), direct thrombin inhibitors (e.g., dabigatran), direct factor Xa inhibitor betrixaban, or platelet inhibitors (e.g., clopidogrel).
• Allowed anticoagulants are the following:
• Prophylactic use of low-dose aspirin for cardio-protection (per local applicable guidelines) and low-dose low molecular weight heparins (LMWH).Therapeutic doses of LMWH or anticoagulation with direct factor Xa inhibitors rivaroxaban, edoxaban, or apixaban in subjects without known brain metastases who are on a stable dose of the anticoagulant for at least 1 week before first dose of study treatment without clinically significant hemorrhagic complications from the anticoagulation regimen or the tumor
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/mm^3
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
• Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL
• Calculated (Calc.) creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault equation
• Total serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN (or =< 5 x ULN for patients with liver metastases or Gilbert's disease)
• Urine protein creatinine (UPC) ratio =< 1 or 24-hour protein < 1 g
• Physicians should consider whether any of the following may render the patient inappropriate for this protocol:
• Psychiatric illness which would prevent the patient from giving informed consent.
• Uncontrolled medical conditions which, in the opinion of the treating physician, would make this protocol unreasonably hazardous for the patient.
• Patients who cannot swallow oral formulations of the agent(s). In addition:
• Women and men of reproductive potential should agree to use an appropriate method of birth control throughout their participation in this study due to the teratogenic potential of the therapy utilized in this trial. Include as applicable: Appropriate methods of birth control include abstinence, oral contraceptives, implantable hormonal contraceptives or double barrier method (diaphragm plus condom).
• Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other rheumatologic arthropathies, Sjogren's syndrome and psoriasis controlled with topical medication and or steroids equivalent to < 10 mg prednisone daily, not on immunosuppressive medications and patients with positive serology are eligible. Patients with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including hypo or hyper thyroid disease managed with replacement, diabetes type 1 are eligible.
• Sexually active subjects (men and women) must agree to use medically accepted barrier methods of contraception (e.g., male or female condom) during the study and continue for 4 months after the last dose of study drugs, even if oral contraceptives are also used.
Brain Metabolism Observed at 7 Tesla
The goal is to develop methodology to monitor flux in the citric acid cycle in brain via 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy at 7 Tesla.
• Adolescents and adults with previously documented diagnosis of Glut1 Deficiency with diagnosis genetically confirmed or confirmed by PET scan of the brain.
• Ages 16 to 65
• Persons with dental fillings, dental crowns, and short (max.4 cm) dental retainer wires can be included.
• People or patients with uncontrolled seizure disorder, defined as grand mal (not absence) seizure in the preceding 3 months.
• Pregnant females will be excluded. A serum or urine pregnancy test will be administered to all females of child bearing potential within 24 hours of administration of the tracer and MRI scan. The pregnancy test will be communicated in person by the study PI. Positive results in subjects 17 years old or younger will be disclosed to parent/guardian only.
• Subjects with typical implanted orthopedic metal in bone may be considered for inclusion in a 7T scan providing the implant is not within the volume of the radio frequency coil. The PI and the AIRC Medical Director will discuss each case and determine eligibility.
• Persons with ICD, pacemakers, neurostimulators and other such devices will be excluded.
• Persons with claustrophobia are excluded.
• Persons with questionable ferrous implants, bullets, BB's, and shrapnel will be excluded.
• Subjects who are not fluent in English will be excluded because immediate cooperation and the ability to respond to instructions from the investigators are necessary.
Vitamin D Deficiency in Adults Following a Major Burn Injury
This is a single site double blind randomized controlled trial of replacing Vitamin D for Vitamin D-deficient burn patients at a current recommended dose (400 IU daily) versus a higher dose (4000 IU daily). Capsules will be made in a compounding pharmacy and will look identical. Randomized controlled trial. People who meet the selection criteria will be randomized to either low or high dosage of Vitamin D. Treatment arm is high dose Vitamin D (4000 IU), and control is low dose Vitamin D (400 IU). Main outcome variables include PROMIS-29 measures of physical health, mental health and social health, the Veterans RAND 12 Item Health Survey (VR-12), and the 4-D Itch Scale. Secondary outcome variables include subject demographics, injury demographics and characteristics.
• Adults, 18 years of age or older, who have completed 6 months from time of their burn injury
• ≥ 10% TBSA, ≥ 65 years of age and Burn Surgery for Wound Closure
• ≥ 20% TBSA, 18 - 64 of age and Burn Surgery for Wound Closure
• Electrical high voltage / lightning and Burn Surgery for Wound Closure
• Hand burn and/or face burn, and/or feet burn and Burn Surgery for Wound Closure
• May speak English or Spanish
• Vit. D deficiency
• Patients with parathyroid disease, severe liver dysfunction, sever kidney dysfunction, which are not caused by the burn injury
• Patients with malignant tumors
• Patients not meeting the inclusion criteria
Caloric Restriction and Activity to Reduce Chemoresistance in B-ALL (IDEAL2)
This study is for older children, adolescents, and young adults with B-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B-ALL). Higher amounts of body fat is associated with resistance to chemotherapy in patients with B-ALL. Chemotherapy during the first month causes large gains in body fat in most people, even those who start chemotherapy at a healthy weight. This study is being done to find out if caloric restriction achieved by a personalized nutritional menu and exercise plan during routine chemotherapy can make the patient's ALL more sensitive to chemotherapy and also reduce the amount of body fat gained during treatment. The goals of this study are to help make chemotherapy more effective in treating the patient's leukemia as demonstrated by fewer patients with leukemia minimal residual disease (MRD) while also trying to reduce the amount of body fat that chemotherapy causes the patient to gain in the first month.
• Patients must be ≥ 10.0 and <26.0 years of age.
• Patients must have a diagnosis of de novo B-ALL
• Patients must have a M3 marrow (>25% blasts by morphology) or at least 1,000/µL circulating leukemia cells in PB confirmed by Flow Cytometry (or other convincing evidence of a B-ALL diagnosis not meeting above criteria following central review by the Study Hematopathologist and Study Chair or Vice-Chair).
• The treatment regimen must be the first treatment attempt for B-ALL-
• Must be a multi-agent induction regimen inclusive of vincristine, glucocorticoid, pegaspargase/calaspargase, and daunorubicin or doxorubicin and with a planned duration <35 days.
• Organ function must meet that required for initiation of chemotherapy
• Patients at diagnosis must meet Karnofsky > 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky > 50% for patients ≤ 16 years of age (or be expected to recover prior to Day 8) .
• If the patient is a female of childbearing potential, a negative urine or serum pregnancy test is required within two weeks prior to enrollment.
• Patient will be excluded if they are underweight at time of enrollment (BMI% <5th percentile for age for patients age 10-19 years, BMI <18.5 in patients 20-29 years).
• Patients with Down syndrome or a DNA fragility syndrome (such as Fanconi anemia, Bloom syndrome) will be excluded.
• Patient receiving a SJCRH-style "Total Therapy" regimen will be excluded.
• Patients receiving anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody therapy during induction therapy.
• Patients will be excluded if they received treatment for a previous malignancy.
• Patient will be excluded if they are pregnant.
• Patient will be excluded if they have a pre-diagnosis requirement for enteral or parenteral supplementation .
• Patient will be excluded due to inability to perform the intervention (e.g., specific nutritional needs, severe developmental delay, paraplegia)
• Patients will be excluded if they have significant concurrent disease, illness, psychiatric disorder or social issue that would compromise patient safety or compliance with the protocol treatment or procedures, interfere with consent, study participation, follow up, or interpretation of study results
Efficacy in iNPH Shunting (PENS) Trial (PENS)
The Placebo-Controlled Efficacy in Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (iNPH) Shunting (PENS) trial is a multi-center blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled design investigation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt surgery to study the shunt efficacy in iNPH patients.
• Age ≥ 60 years; and
• Diagnosis of iNPH and recommendation for shunt surgery based on the Investigator's clinical judgement based on criteria and testing as described in the iNPH Guidelines;
• Evans Ratio ≥ 0.30; and
• One positive supplementary test to include either large volume Lumbar Puncture or extended CSF drainage per institutional standards; and
• History or evidence of gait impairment (such as decreased step height or length, decreased speed, retropulsion as described in the iNPH Guidelines) duration ≥ 6 months; and
• Participant has the sensory motor skills, communication skills and understanding to comply with the testing and reporting required in the PENS trial; and
• Participant is able to give written informed consent.
• Unable to walk 10 meters with or without an assistive device; or
• Baseline fastest gait velocity (out of three gait trials) >1 m/sec prior to drainage trial and fastest gait velocity improvement is < 30% with or without an assistive device; or
• Unable to return to the study center for follow up evaluation and shunt programming; or
• Participant is not medically cleared for shunt surgery per local standards; or
• Secondary NPH. (Prior encephalitis, meningitis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, traumatic brain injury (including concussion) within two years or with brain injury or skull fracture on baseline imaging, brain abscess, brain tumor, obstructive hydrocephalus (including acquired aqueductal stenosis and carcinomatous meningitis); or
• Prior or existing shunts, endoscopic third ventriculostomy, or any previous surgical intervention for hydrocephalus; or
• Previous intracranial neurosurgical procedure; or
• Symptomatic cerebral or cerebellar infarction occurring within 6 months from screening (asymptomatic lacunar infarctions are permitted); or
• Diagnosis of Parkinsonian syndrome that, in the investigator's judgment, will complicate the outcome evaluation; or
• Diagnosis of schizophrenia or any psychiatric diagnosis (including depression) that, in the investigator's judgment, will complicate the outcome evaluation (such as neuroleptic treatment for schizophrenia); or
• Diagnosis of dementia disorder where the investigator considers cognition deficit limits participation in the study; or
• Conditions impairing gait that are considered to be unrelated to hydrocephalus, such as hemiparesis, spasticity, cerebellar ataxia or musculoskeletal and joint disease, which will interfere with gait assessment or the potential for gait improvement.
• Individuals with contraindication to MRI (e.g., implanted electric and electronic devices, aneurysm clip(s), any metallic fragment or foreign body, coronary and peripheral artery stents, cardiac pacemaker, known claustrophobia, or known/possible pregnancy or breast-feeding) will be excluded according to institutional guidelines.
Study of ONO-4685 in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory T Cell Lymphoma
This study will investigate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of ONO-4685 in patients with relapsed or refractory T cell Lymphoma
• Patients aged ≥ 18 years at time of screening
• Written informed consent by the patient or the patients' legally authorized representative prior to screening
• Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of one of the following subtypes of T-cell lymphoma:
• Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL): Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), PTCL, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS), nodal PTCL with T-follicular helper (TFH) and follicular T-cell lymphoma (FTCL)
• Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) (stages II-B, III, and IV): Mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sezary syndrome (SS)
• Patients must have received at least 2 prior systemic therapies.
• Patients with PTCL must have at least 1 measurable lesion
• Patients with CTCL must have assessable disease by response criteria for CTCL (Olsen EA, 2011)
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) = 0-2
• Life expectancy of at least 3 months
• Adequate bone marrow, renal and hepatic functions
• Patients with central nervous system (CNS) involvement
• Patients with Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL)
• Prior allogeneic stem cell transplant
• Prior treatment with ONO-4685, anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anticytotoxic T lymphocyte associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways
• Patients with malignancies (other than T-cell lymphoma) except for completely resected basal cell carcinoma, stage I squamous cell carcinoma, carcinoma in situ, or any other malignancies that has not relapsed for at least 2 years
• History of severe allergy or hypersensitivity to any monoclonal antibodies, other therapeutic proteins or corticosteroid (e.g., dexamethasone)
• History of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis within 2 years prior to the first dose of study treatment
• Patients with systemic and active infection including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B or C virus infection
• Patients not recovered to Grade 1 or stabilized from the adverse effects (excluding alopecia) of any prior therapy for their malignancies
• Women who are pregnant or lactating
Premedication for Less Invasive Surfactant Administration Study (PRELISA) (PRELISA)
The purpose of this study is to conduct a double blinded randomized control trial to determine the safety and efficacy of using IV fentanyl and atropine prior to Less Invasive Surfactant Administration (LISA) procedure in preterm infants with Respiratory Distress Syndrome compared to the local standard of care to perform this procedure without any premedication. Hypothesis: In infants greater than or equal to 29 weeks gestational age requiring the Less Invasive Surfactant Administration procedure, premedication with a combination of IV atropine and IV fentanyl will be associated with fewer combined bradycardia events, defined as heartrate less than 100 beats per minute for longer than 10 seconds, and hypoxemia events, defined as saturations less than or equal to 80% for longer than 30 seconds, during the procedure compared with placebo. Specific Aims: - To determine if infants receiving IV fentanyl and atropine prior to LISA will have a decrease in hypoxemia and bradycardia events during the procedure compared to infants receiving placebo - To determine if infants receiving premedication prior to Less Invasive Surfactant Administration will have higher procedure first attempt success rate compared with infants receiving placebo - To determine the effect of premedication on cerebral oxygenation compared to placebo during and for 12 hours after Less Invasive Surfactant Administration using cerebral Near Infrared Spectroscopy - To determine the effect of premedication prior to Less Invasive Surfactant Administration on the need for mechanical ventilation for 24 hours after the procedure
• Infants ≥29 weeks gestational age between 0-72 hours of life on CPAP for respiratory support who qualify for the LISA procedure as determined by the primary team using Parkland OPTISURF guidelines
• Infants requiring intubation prior to surfactant therapy
• Infants with known severe congenital anomalies (including complex congenital heart disease, airway, and central nervous system anomalies)
• Infants born to mothers with known opioid addiction or in a methadone treatment program
Evaluating the Addition of the Immunotherapy Drug Atezolizumab to Standard Chemotherapy Treatment for Advanced or Metastatic Neuroendocrine Carcinomas That Originate Outside the Lung
This phase II/III trial compares the effect of immunotherapy with atezolizumab in combination with standard chemotherapy with a platinum drug (cisplatin or carboplatin) and etoposide versus standard therapy alone for the treatment of poorly differentiated extrapulmonary (originated outside the lung) neuroendocrine cancer that may have spread from where it first started to nearby tissue, lymph nodes, or distant parts of the body (advanced) or that has spread from where it first started (primary site) to other places in the body (metastatic). The other aim of this trial is to compare using atezolizumab just at the beginning of treatment versus continuing it beyond the initial treatment. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Cisplatin and carboplatin are in a class of medications known as platinum-containing compounds that work by killing, stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells. Etoposide is in a class of medications known as podophyllotoxin derivatives. It blocks a certain enzyme needed for cell division and DNA repair, and it may kill cancer cells. Giving atezolizumab in combination with a platinum drug (cisplatin or carboplatin) and etoposide may work better in treating patients with poorly differentiated extrapulmonary neuroendocrine cancer compared to standard therapy with a platinum drug (cisplatin or carboplatin) and etoposide alone.
• Participants must have histologically-confirmed (local site pathological confirmation sufficient) extrapulmonary poorly differentiated, neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) that is unresectable or metastatic and not eligible for definitive therapy as deemed per the treating investigator
• Participants must have radiologically evaluable disease, measurable or non-measurable, per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria. All measurable and non-measurable lesions must be assessed by CT scan with IV contrast within 28 days prior to registration. All known sites of disease must be assessed and documented on the Baseline Tumor Assessment Form
• Participants must have brain MRI (or CT head with contrast if there is contraindication to MRI brain) if clinically indicated within 28 days prior to registration. Note: Brain imaging is not required in participants without known and/or clinical concern for brain metastases. Participants with asymptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases are eligible if one or more of the following apply:
• Participants who have received treatment for brain metastases must have:
• No evidence of radiological progression (by MRI brain or CT head with contrast if there is contraindication to MRI brain) within 28 days prior to registration
• Discontinued all corticosteroids at least 14 days prior to registration
• Participants with treatment-naive brain lesions must have:
• No lesion measuring > 2.0 cm in size in any axis
• MRI brain or CT head with contrast (if there is contraindication to MRI brain) demonstrating no evidence for mass effect, edema, or other impending neurological compromise within 28 days prior to registration
• No evidence of radiological progression (by MRI brain or CT head with contrast if there is contraindication to MRI brain) within 28 days prior to registration
• No need for > 2 mg of dexamethasone (or equivalent of > 10 mg prednisone) per day at time of registration
• Participants with prior history of non-metastatic (localized/locally advanced disease) extrapulmonary poorly differentiated NEC may have had prior platinum-based therapy +/- radiation +/- surgery provided that all therapy was completed >= 6 months prior to registration
• Participants must discontinue denosumab prior to study registration and plan to replace with a bisphosphonate while on the study
• Participants must be >= 18 years of age
• Participants must have a Zubrod performance status of =< 2 within 28 days prior to registration
• Participants must have a complete medical history and physical exam within 28 days prior to registration
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9 /L (obtained within 14 days prior to registration. For participants who received a cycle of chemotherapy prior to registration, at least 21 days must have elapsed between day 1 of platinum + etoposide and performance of these tests)
• Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dl (obtained within 14 days prior to registration. For participants who received a cycle of chemotherapy prior to registration, at least 21 days must have elapsed between day 1 of platinum + etoposide and performance of these tests)
• Platelet count >= 100 x 10^9/L (obtained within 14 days prior to registration. For participants who received a cycle of chemotherapy prior to registration, at least 21 days must have elapsed between day 1 of platinum + etoposide and performance of these tests)
• Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (obtained within 14 days prior to registration. For participants who received a cycle of chemotherapy prior to registration, at least 21 days must have elapsed between day 1 of platinum + etoposide and performance of these tests)
• Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (obtained within 14 days prior to registration. For participants who received a cycle of chemotherapy prior to registration, at least 21 days must have elapsed between day 1 of platinum + etoposide and performance of these tests)
• Measured creatinine clearance (CL) > 50 mL/min or calculated creatinine CL > 50 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula or by 24-hour urine collection for determination of creatinine clearance (obtained within 14 days prior to registration. For participants who received a cycle of chemotherapy prior to registration, at least 21 days must have elapsed between day 1 of platinum + etoposide and performance of these tests)
• Participants with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection must have undetectable HBV viral load, with testing performed as clinically indicated
• Participants with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. Participants with active HCV infection who are currently on treatment must have an undetectable HCV viral load, with testing performed as clinically indicated
• Participants with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infection must be on effective anti-retroviral therapy at time of registration and have undetectable HIV viral load within 6 months of registration
• Participants must be offered the opportunity to participate in specimen banking. With participant consent, specimens must be collected and submitted via the Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) Specimen Tracking System
• Participants must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines
• Participants must not have symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases
• Participants must not have known or suspected leptomeningeal disease
• Participants must not have had prior treatment for advanced or metastatic NEC EXCEPT one cycle of platinum (carboplatin/cisplatin) + etoposide is allowed prior to registration. Other chemotherapy regimens are not allowed. For participants with prostate or urothelial NEC, prior chemotherapy for the non-NEC component (e.g. adenocarcinoma or urothelial) is allowed as long as such therapy was completed >= 24 weeks prior to registration and participants have recovered from all prior toxicities to =< grade 1.
• Participants must not have had prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, CD137 agonists, anti-CTLA-4 agent, or any other immune checkpoint inhibitors for any neuroendocrine neoplasm. Immune checkpoint inhibitors given for other cancer indications are allowed provided last therapy was given at least 12 months prior to study registration
• Participants must not have received treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents including, but not limited to, interferon and interleukin2 [IL-2] within 4 weeks or 5 half-lives of the drug (whichever is longer) prior to registration
• Participants must not have had history of known severe allergy, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies, including to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or to any component of the atezolizumab formulation, cisplatin, carboplatin, or etoposide
• Participants must not be on active systemic therapy for another cancer with the exception of hormonal therapy including androgen deprivation therapy (e.g., gonadotropin-releasing hormone [GnRH] agonists or antagonists), which can be continued while participants are receiving protocol therapy. Use of enzalutamide or apalutamide is permitted after completion of chemotherapy and must be held during chemotherapy for participants receiving prior to enrollment. Use of darolutamide is permitted during chemotherapy. Glucocorticoid-containing regimens, including abiraterone, are not permitted.
• Participants must not have uncontrolled or symptomatic hypercalcemia (> 1.5 mmol/L ionized calcium or calcium > 12 mg/dL or corrected serum calcium > ULN) within 14 days prior to registration. Participants who have asymptomatic hypercalcemia are eligible provided that medical therapy to treat the hypercalcemia is planned
• Participants must not have a diagnosis of immunodeficiency nor be receiving systemic steroid therapy (equivalent of > 20 mg of hydrocortisone per day) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 14 days prior to registration
• Participants must not have active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency, including, but not limited to myasthesia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, Wegener grandulomatosis, Sjogren syndrome, Guillian-Barre syndrome, or multiple sclerosis with the following exceptions:
• Patients with a history of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism who are on thyroid-replacement hormone are eligible for the study
• Patients with controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus who are on an insulin regimen are eligible for the study
• Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus, or vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis are excluded) are eligible for the study provided all of following conditions are met:
• Rash must cover < 10% of body surface area
• Disease is well controlled at baseline and requires only low-potency topical corticosteroids
• No occurrence of acute exacerbations of the underlying condition requiring psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation, methotrexate, retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors, or high-potency or oral corticosteroids within the previous 12 months
• Participants must not have history of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis obliterans), drug-induced pneumonitis, idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan. NOTE: History of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted
• Participants must not have significant cardiovascular disease, such as New York Heart Association class II or greater cardiac disease, myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to registration, unstable arrythmias, or unstable angina
• Participants must not have had a major surgical procedure other than for diagnosis within 28 days prior to registration. Participant must not plan to receive a major surgical procedure during the course of protocol treatment. NOTE: Patient port placement is not considered a major surgery
• Participants must not have severe infections (i.e., Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] grade >= 2) at time of registration, including but not limited to hospitalization for complications for infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia
• Participants must not have active tuberculosis
• Participants must not have prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or solid organ transplant
• Participants must not have received administration of a live, attenuated vaccine (e.g., FluMist [registered trademark]) within 28 days prior to initiation of study treatment, during treatment with atezolizumab, and not plan to receive for 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab
• Participants must not be pregnant due to the possibility of harm to the fetus. Individuals who are of reproductive potential must have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method (with details provided as a part of the consent process) during the treatment period and for 5 months after the final dose of atezolizumab. A person who has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months or who has semen likely to contain sperm is considered to be of "reproductive potential." In addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes refraining from sexual activity that might result in pregnancy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) including hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral tubal ligation/occlusion, and vasectomy with testing showing no sperm in the semen
Two Studies for Patients With Unfavorable Intermediate Risk Prostate Cancer Testing Less Intense Treatment for Patients With a Low Gene Risk Score and Testing a More Intense Treatment for Patients With a Higher Gene Risk Score
This phase III trial uses the Decipher risk score to guide intensification (for higher Decipher gene risk) or de-intensification (for low Decipher gene risk) of treatment to better match therapies to an individual patient's cancer aggressiveness. The Decipher risk score evaluates a prostate cancer tumor for its potential for spreading. In patients with low risk scores, this trial compares radiation therapy alone to the usual treatment of radiation therapy and hormone therapy (androgen deprivation therapy). Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays or particles to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Androgen deprivation therapy blocks the production or interferes with the action of male sex hormones such as testosterone, which plays a role in prostate cancer development. Giving radiation treatment alone may be the same as the usual approach in controlling the cancer and preventing it from spreading, while avoiding the side effects associated with hormonal therapy. In patients with higher Decipher gene risk, this trial compares the addition of darolutamide to usual treatment radiation therapy and hormone therapy, to usual treatment. Darolutamide blocks the actions of the androgens (e.g. testosterone) in the tumor cells and in the body. The addition of darolutamide to the usual treatment may better control the cancer and prevent it from spreading.
• Pathologically (histologically or cytologically) proven diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the prostate within 270 days prior to registration
• Unfavorable intermediate risk prostate cancer, defined as having ALL the following bulleted criteria:
• Has at least one intermediate risk factor (IRF):
• PSA 10-20 ng/mL
• Clinical stage T2b-c (digital rectal examination [DRE] and/or imaging) by American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th edition
• Gleason score 7 (Gleason 3+4 or 4+3 [ International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) Grade Group 2-3])
• Has ONE or more of the following 'unfavorable' intermediate-risk designators:
• > 1 immature reticulocyte fraction (IRF)
• Gleason 4+3=7 (ISUP Grade Group 3)
• >= 50% of biopsy cores positive
• Biopsies may include 'sextant' sampling of right/left regions of the prostate, often labeled base, mid-gland and apex. All such 'sextant' biopsy cores should be counted. Men may also undergo 'targeted' sampling of prostate lesions (guided by MRI, ultrasound or other approaches). A targeted lesion that is biopsied more than once and demonstrates cancer (regardless of number of targeted cores involved) should count as a single additional positive core sampled and positive. In cases of uncertainty, count the biopsy sampling as sextant core(s)
• Absence of high-risk features
• Appropriate stage for study entry based on the following diagnostic workup:
• History/physical examination within 120 days prior to registration;
• Negative bone imaging (M0) within 120 days prior to registration; Note: Tc-99m bone scan or sodium fluoride (NaF) positron emission tomography (PET) are allowed. Equivocal bone scan findings are allowed if plain films X-ray, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are negative for metastasis at the concerned site(s). While a negative fluciclovine, choline, or prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET may be counted as acceptable substitute for bone imaging, any suspicious findings must be confirmed and correlated with conventional imaging (Tc-99m bone scan, NaF PET, CT, X-ray, or MRI) to determine eligibility based on the latter modalities (e.g. M0 based on conventional imaging modalities)
• Clinically negative lymph nodes (N0) as established by conventional imaging (pelvic +/- abdominal CT or MR), within 120 days prior to registration. Patients with lymph nodes equivocal or questionable by imaging are eligible if the nodes are =< 1.0 cm in short axis and/or if biopsy is negative. Note: While a negative fluciclovine, choline, or prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET may be counted as acceptable substitute for pelvic imaging, any suspicious findings must be confirmed by conventional imaging (CT, MRI or biopsy). If the findings do not meet pathological criteria based on the latter modalities (e.g. node =< 10 mm in short axis, negative biopsy), the patient will still be eligible
• Age >= 18
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 within 120 days prior to registration
• Non-castrate testosterone level (> 50 ng/dL) within 120 days prior to registration
• Absolute neutrophil >= 1,000 cells/mm^3 (within 120 days prior to registration)
• Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL, independent of transfusion and/or growth factors (within 120 days prior to registration)
• Platelet count >= 100,000 cells/mm^3 independent of transfusion and/or growth factors (within 120 days prior to registration)
• Creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 30 mL/min estimated by Cockcroft-Gault equation (within 120 days prior to registration)
• For African American patients specifically whose renal function is not considered adequate by the formula above, an alternative formula that takes race into account (Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration CKD-EPI formula) should be used for calculating the related estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with a correction factor for African American race creatinine clearance for trial eligibility, where GFR >= 30 mL/min/1.73m^2 will be considered adequate
• Total bilirubin: 1.5 =< institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (within 120 days prior to registration) (Note: In subjects with Gilbert's syndrome, if total bilirubin is > 1.5 x ULN, measure direct and indirect bilirubin. If direct bilirubin is less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN, subject is eligible)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]): =< 2.5 x institutional ULN (within 120 days prior to registration)
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial; Note: HIV testing is not required for eligibility for this protocol
• For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated.
• Note: Known positive test for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) indicating acute or chronic infection would make the patient ineligible unless the viral load becomes undetectable on suppressive therapy. Patients who are immune to hepatitis B (anti-Hepatitis B surface antibody positive) are eligible (e.g. patients immunized against hepatitis B)
• For patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
• Note: Known positive test for hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) indicating acute or chronic infection would make the patient ineligible unless the viral load becomes undetectable on suppressive therapy
• The patient or a legally authorized representative must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry and, for patients treated in the United States (U.S.), authorization permitting release of personal health information
• Previous radical surgery (prostatectomy) or any form of curative-intent ablation whether focal or whole-gland (e.g., cryosurgery, high intensity focused ultrasound [HIFU], laser thermal ablation, etc.) for prostate cancer
• Definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease (M1)
• Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for a minimum of 3 years. History of or current diagnosis of hematologic malignancy is not allowed
• Prior radiotherapy to the prostate/pelvis region that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields
• Previous bilateral orchiectomy
• Previous hormonal therapy, such as luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists (e.g., leuprolide, goserelin, buserelin, triptorelin) or LHRH antagonist (e.g. degarelix), anti-androgens (e.g., flutamide, bicalutamide, cyproterone acetate). ADT started prior to study registration is not allowed
• Prior use of 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors is allowed, however, it must be stopped prior to enrollment on the study with at least a 30 day washout period before baseline study PSA measure and registration
• Active testosterone replacement therapy; any replacement therapy must be stopped at least 30 days prior to registration
• Severe, active co-morbidity defined as follows:
• Current severe or unstable angina;
• New York Heart Association Functional Classification III/IV (Note: Patients with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, should have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association Functional Classification)
• History of any condition that in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in this study
• Inability to swallow oral pills
• High risk features, which includes any of the following:
• Gleason 8-10 [ISUP Grade Group 4-5]
• PSA > 20
• cT3-4 by digital exam OR gross extra-prostatic extension on imaging [indeterminate MRI evidence will not count and the patient will be eligible]
Elucidating the Neurocircuitry of Irritability With High-Field Neuroimaging to Identify Novel Therapeutic Targets (UNIKET)
The study is investigating dysfunctions in neurocircuitry in regards to irritability with healthy controls (HC) and individuals with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) by performing MRIs. The MDD group will also be randomized to receive ketamine or midazolam to investigate changes post-treatment in neurocircuitry with regards to irritability.
• Male or female subjects, 18-65 years of age and body weight less than or equal to 120 kg on baseline visit.
• Participants must have a level of understanding of the English language sufficient to agree to all tests and examinations required by the study and must be able to participate fully in the informed consent process.
• For Healthy Controls: Subjects must be free of any lifetime psychiatric condition based on the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). For MDD: Subjects must meet Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria for current unipolar depression [major depressive disorder (MDD) or persistent depressive disorder (PDD) in a current major depressive episode (MDE)] based on MINI.
• A woman of childbearing potential who is sexually active with a male must agree to use an acceptable method of contraception [defined as either one highly effective (permanent sterilization, intrauterine device or hormonal implant) or two other forms of contraception (such as oral contraceptive pill and condom)] to avoid pregnancy throughout the study. Throughout the study and for 90 days (one spermatogenesis cycle) after receiving the last dose of study drug (ketamine/midazolam) man who is sexually active with a woman of childbearing potential must use an acceptable method of contraception (described above) with his female partner and must agree not to donate sperm.
• Subjects must either be free of psychotropic medications (including antidepressants, antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, mood stabilizers, sedative/hypnotics, dopamine agonists, stimulants, buspirone, and triptans) and certain anticonvulsants (topiramate and levetiracetam) or be stable on these medications for four weeks prior to the baseline visit [first magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan].
• Subjects with MDD should be willing to participate in neuroimaging scans before and after infusions, and be willing to undergo infusions with study drug.
• Lifetime diagnosis of schizophrenia or any psychotic disorder, bipolar disorder, pervasive developmental disorder or intellectual development disorder.
• Current diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder, anorexia nervosa or bulimia. Comorbid anxiety, stress and trauma-related disorders are permitted as long as unipolar depression is the primary diagnosis.
• Diagnosis of a moderate or severe substance use disorder within the past 6 months per MINI; all subjects must have a negative urine toxicology test on the day of the MRI, prior to the scan.
• Female subjects who are pregnant, nursing, for may become pregnant. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test on the day of the fMRI, prior to scan, and on days of study drug infusion, prior to infusion.
• Any unstable medical illnesses including hepatic, renal, gastroenterologic, respiratory, cardiovascular (including ischemic heart disease), endocrinologic, immunologic, or hematologic disease.
• Inadequately treated obstructive sleep apnea (STOP-Bang score of 5-8 if untreated, if using positive airway pressure device then past-month apnea hypopnea index ≥ 15 per hour representing moderate or higher severity).
• Presence of a significant neurological disease such as Parkinson's disease, primary or secondary seizure disorders, intracranial tumors, or severe head trauma.
• Presence of neurocognitive or dementing disorders.
• Clinically significant abnormalities of laboratories, physical examination (including unstable hypertension - systolic blood pressure >170, diastolic blood pressure >100), or electrocardiogram at screening visit.
• Subjects judged to be at serious and imminent suicidal or homicidal risk by the PI or another study-affiliated psychiatrist.
• Any contraindications to MRI, including pacemakers or metallic objects in the body.
• Any claustrophobia or other conditions which may result in inability to lie still in the MRI scanner for 1 hour or more.
• Allergy to ketamine or midazolam in subjects with MDD.
• Must not be on any prohibited concomitant medication.