Emotional Cognition: Establishing Constructs and Neural-Behavioral Mechanisms in Older Adults With Depression (ENSURE)
This is a cross-sectional pilot study designed to establish hot and cold cognitive functions and underlying neurocircuitry in older adults with MDD. The investigators will study 60 participants aged 21-80 years old with MDD. All participants will undergo clinical and neurocognitive assessment, and Magnetoencephalography (MEG)/Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedures at one time point. The investigators will also enroll 60 demographically matched comparable, never-depressed healthy participants (controls) to establish cognitive benchmarks. Healthy controls will complete clinical and neurocognitive measures at one time point. To attain a balanced sample of adults across the lifespan, the investigators will enroll participants such that each age epoch (e.g., 21-30, 31-40, etc.) has a total of ten subjects (n=10) in both the healthy control cohort and depressed cohort.
• Male and female participants
• Age between 21-80 years old
• DSM-5 diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD) based on Mini Neuropsychiatric Interview
• Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Clinician Rated version (IDS-C) total score > 14
• Able to read, write, and comprehend English
• Provide informed consent; willing to comply with study protocol
• History of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, or schizoaffective disorder
• Presence of psychotic features
• Lifetime central nervous system (CNS) disease (including head injury with loss of consciousness > 5 minutes)
• History of neurodevelopmental disorder (e.g., Autism spectrum disorder)
• History of medical conditions that can affect neurocognitive function as well as be confounded with age (e.g., thyroid disease, endocrine illnesses)
• History and current use of hormonal replacement therapy
• Women who are pregnant
• Current use of medications with known impacts on neurocognitive function (e.g., acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, amphetamine, methylphenidate, vortioxetine, sedatives)
• Alcohol/substance use disorder within past 3 months
• DSM-5 diagnosis of major cognitive impairment and Measurement of Everyday Cognition (ECog) total score > 4
• Current sensory or physical impairment that interferes with testing.
• Contraindication to MRI and MEG (only for depressed participants) (e.g., any electronic / metallic implants near or within the head or body, claustrophobia)
The Rhythm Evaluation for AntiCoagulaTion With Continuous Monitoring of Atrial Fibrillation (REACT-AF)
REACT-AF is a multicenter prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded endpoint (PROBE design), controlled trial comparing the current Standard Of Care (SOC) of continuous Direct Oral Anticoagulation (DOAC) use versus time-delimited (1 month) DOAC guided by an AF-sensing Smart Watch (AFSW) in participants with a history of paroxysmal or persistent Atrial Fibrillation (AF) and low-to-moderate stroke risk.
• Male or female, 22-85 years of age.
• English speaking participants*
• Documented history of symptomatic or asymptomatic paroxysmal or persistent AF. The duration of AF must have been > 30 seconds as documented by an external monitor or present on 12-lead ECG.
• CHA2DS2-VASC score of 1-4 without prior stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)**
• The participant is on a DOAC at the time of screening.
• Willing and able to comply with the protocol, including:
• Possession of a smartwatch-compatible smartphone (iPhone that supports the latest shipping iOS) with a cellular service plan
• Be willing to wear the Apple watch at least 14 hours a day
• Expected to be within cellular service range at least 80% of the time
• Willing and able to discontinue DOAC
• The participant is willing and able to provide informed consent.
• Valvular or permanent atrial fibrillation.
• Current treatment with warfarin and unwilling or unable to take a DOAC.
• The participant is a woman who is pregnant, nursing, or of child-bearing potential and is not on birth control.
• The participant is being treated with chronic aspirin, another anti-platelet agent, or chronic NSAIDS outside of current medical guidelines (e.g., primary stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation, primary prevention of cardiovascular events, pain relief, fever, gout) and is unwilling or unable to discontinue use for the study duration.
• Existing cardiac rhythm device or indication for a permanent pacemaker, Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) or Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) device or planned insertable cardiac monitor.
• Any documented single AF episode lasting ≥ 1 hour on screening external cardiac monitor of >=6 days duration.
• Mechanical prosthetic valve(s) or severe valve disease.
• Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
• Participant needs Direct Oral Anticoagulation (DOAC) for reasons other than preventing stroke or arterial embolism resulting from AF (i.e., preventing Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) or Pulmonary Embolism (PE)) or needs permanent Oral Anticoagulant (OAC) (i.e., congenital heart defects, prosthetic heart valve).
• Participants deemed high risk for non-cardioembolic stroke (i.e., significant carotid artery disease defined as stenosis > 75%) based on the investigator's discretion.
• The participant is enrolled, has participated within the last 30 days, or is planning to participate in a concurrent drug and/or device study during the course of this clinical trial. Co-enrollment in concurrent trials is only allowed with documented pre-approval from the study manager; there is no concern that co-enrollment could confound the results of this trial.
• The participant has a tattoo, birthmark, or surgical scar over the dorsal wrist area on the ipsilateral side that the AFSW may be worn.
• The participant has a tremor on their ipsilateral side that the AFSW may be worn.
• Any concomitant condition that, in the investigator's opinion, would not allow safe participation in the study (e.g., drug addiction, alcohol abuse).
• Known hypersensitivity or contraindication to direct oral anticoagulants.
• Documented prior stroke (ischemic or hemorrhagic) or transient ischemic attack.
• Reversible causes of AF (e.g., cardiac surgery, pulmonary embolism, untreated hyperthyroidism). AF ablation does not constitute reversible AF.
• > 5% burden premature atrial or ventricular depolarizations on any given calendar day on pre-enrollment cardiac monitoring.
• History of atrial flutter that has not been treated with ablation (participants in atrial flutter and have been ablated are eligible for enrollment).
• Stage 4 or 5 chronic kidney disease.
• Conditions associated with an increased risk of bleeding:
• Major surgery in the previous month
• Planned surgery or intervention in the next three months.
• History of intracranial, intraocular, spinal, retroperitoneal, or atraumatic intra-articular bleeding
• Gastrointestinal hemorrhage within the past year unless the cause has been permanently eliminated (e.g., by surgery)
• Symptomatic or endoscopically documented gastroduodenal ulcer disease in the previous 30 days
• Hemorrhagic disorder or bleeding diathesis
• Need for anticoagulant treatment for disorders other than AF
• Required use of non-aspirin antiplatelet agents (i.e., Plavix) at time of enrollment
• Uncontrolled hypertension (Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) >180 mmHg and/or Diastolic Blood Pressure( DBP) >100 mmHg)
• Spanish-only speakers may be included in the future at select sites where consent forms are appropriately translated.
• Congestive heart failure defined as: The presence of signs and symptoms of either right (elevated central venous pressure, hepatomegaly, dependent edema) or left ventricular failure (exertional dyspnea, cough, fatigue, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, cardiac enlargement, rales, gallop rhythm, pulmonary venous congestion) or both, confirmed by non-invasive or invasive measurements demonstrating objective evidence of cardiac dysfunction and/or ejection fraction < 40%
Strategies and Treatments for Respiratory Infections &Amp; Viral Emergencies (STRIVE): Immune Modulation Strategy Trial
COVID-19 can trigger a dysregulated immune response, and previous studies have shown that immune modulation can improve outcomes in hospitalized patients. This trial is designed to determine whether intensification of immune modulation early in the course of the disease (while patients are on low flow oxygen) with abatacept (active arm) combined with standard of care (SOC) improves recovery as compared with placebo + SOC (placebo arm). For both groups, intensification of immunomodulation will be provided as part of SOC in case of signs of disease progression (patient requires high flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) or more support) and/or if the patient has rapidly increasing oxygen requirement.
• Confirmation of SARS-CoV2 infection by nucleic acid test (NAT) or equivalent non-NAT test [list of approved tests in the PIM] within 14 days of randomization.
• Requiring hospitalization for the management of COVID-19
• Has evidence of COVID-19 pneumonia (PNA) defined as either receiving supplementary oxygen ≤2L of low flow oxygen with evidence of airspace disease on chest imaging (X ray, computer tomography or ultrasound) OR receiving supplementary oxygen >2L and <10 L of low flow oxygen.
• Currently receiving or planned to receive (ordered) one IM drug (for example, a corticosteroid or baricitinib) as part of treatment of COVID-19 prior to randomization.
• Has started supplemental oxygen for the treatment of COVID-19 within the past 5 calendar days. Patients on home oxygen are eligible if current oxygen flow rate is increased from baseline and other above criteria are met.
• Investigator agrees that the pneumonia is due to COVID-19.
• Oxygen requirement of ≥10L or more of low flow oxygen (or equivalent if using Venturi mask, etc), or requiring either HFNO, NIV, IMV, or ECMO.
• Participant has received more than one baseline IM for treatment of the current COVID-19 infection at time of trial enrollment. (Examples: corticosteroid, baricitinib, tocilizumab, anakinra, abatacept, or infliximab.)
• Participant anticipated to not meet all inclusion criteria within 24 hours of randomization in the opinion of the investigator.
• Allergy to investigational agent.
• Neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count <1000 cells/μL) (<1.0 x 10 3 /μL or <1.0 G/L) on most recent lab within 2 calendar days of randomization.
• Lymphopenia (absolute lymphocyte count <200 cells/μL) (<0.20 x 10 3 /μL or <0.20 G/L) on most recent lab within 2 calendar days of randomization.
• Known or suspected active or recent serious infection (bacterial, fungal, viral, or parasitic infection, excepting SARS-CoV-2) that in the opinion of the investigator could constitute a risk when taking investigational agent. Note: Broad spectrum empiric antibiotic usage does not exclude participation.
• Known or suspected history of untreated tuberculosis (TB). TB diagnosis may be suspected based on medical history and concomitant therapies that would suggest TB infection. Participants are also excluded if they have known, latent TB treated for less than 4 weeks with appropriate anti-tuberculosis therapy per local guidelines (by history only, no screening required).
• Have received any live vaccine (or live attenuated) within 3 months before screening or intend to receive a live vaccine (or live attenuated) during the trial. Use of prior non-live (inactivated) vaccinations is allowed for all participants, including any vaccine for COVID-19.
• Pre-existing immunomodulation or immunosuppression that meets any of the following: Participant has received abatacept for an indication other than COVID- 19 within 5 half-lives (65 days) of enrollment (Abatacept elimination half-life is 13.1 days.) Participant is receiving immune modulatory therapy for autoimmune, transplant management or another indication AND has one or more of the following: evidence of active infection (other than COVID-19) or has required reduction in their immune modulatory therapy in the preceding 6 months due to infectious complication (routine reduction as SOC is not an exclusion) or has required intensification in immunotherapy within the preceding 6 months due to organ rejection/worsening underlying disease status (e.g., intensification with an additional agent on top of usual immunosuppressive regimen)
• Participant has recently received or is anticipated to require immune modulatory agents for their underlying disease including chemotherapeutic treatments likely to induce neutropenia (<1.0 x 10 9 cells/µL) or lymphopenia (<1.0 x 10 9 cells/µL)
• Participant has untreated advanced HIV (known CD4 <200 in the past 6 months) AND is not established on antiretroviral therapy
• Co-enrollment in other trials not predetermined to be compatible with this trial.
• In the investigator's judgment, the patient has any advanced organ dysfunction that would not make participation appropriate.
• The treating clinician expects inability to participate in trial procedures or participation would not be in the best interests of the patient.
First-in-Human, Multiple Part Clinical Study of JNT-517 in Healthy Participants and in Participants With Phenylketonuria
The goal of Parts A and B of this Phase 1, first-in-human, randomized study is to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of single (SAD) and multiple (MAD) ascending doses of oral JNT-517 in healthy participants. In Part C, the goal is to evaluate the differences in bioavailability between a tablet and suspension formulation of JNT-517 and the food effect in healthy volunteers. All participants in Part C will receive JNT-517. The goal of Part D is to assess the safety, tolerability, PK, and effect on urinary Phe and other amino acids of JNT-517 in participants with phenylketonuria (PKU). Participants in Part D will receive either JNT-517 or placebo and will be blinded to their treatment assignment. The study consists of 4 parts: - Part A: SAD in healthy participants -randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled - Part B: MAD in healthy participants (14 days)-randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled - Part C: Relative bioavailability of 2 formulations and food effect in healthy participants-randomized, open-label - Part D: Phase 1b in participants with PKU (4 weeks)-randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled In each part, participants will complete a Screening Period, a Treatment Period, and a Follow-up Period for safety.
• Males and females 18 to 55 years of age.
• Medically healthy with no clinically significant medical history.
• Body mass index (BMI) of 18-40 kg/m2 and total body weight >50 kg (110 lbs).
• Non-smoker for at least 2 weeks prior to dosing and willing to abstain during the study. Part D:
• Males and females 18 to 65 years of age, inclusive.
• Diagnosis of PKU with a confirmed genotype.
• At least 2 plasma Phe levels >600 μM over the past 12 months.
• BMI of 18-40 kg/m2. All Parts:
• Females of childbearing potential must agree to use 2 highly effective contraceptive methods.
• Capable of giving signed informed consent and able to comply with study procedures. Key
• Any acute or chronic medical condition that would prevent the participant from complying with the procedures or place the participant at risk if they participate in the study.
• Positive for hepatitis B or C or human immunodeficiency virus.
• Any history of malignancy in the last 5 years, excluding non-melanoma skin cancer.
• Any history of liver disease.
• Any surgical or medical conditions that may affect study drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion.
• Participation in another investigational drug trial within 30 days or, if known, 5 half-lives of the investigational drug (whichever is longer).
• History of drug/alcohol abuse in the last year.
• Current, recent, or suspected infection within 4 weeks of Screening of SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19.
• Received a vaccine for SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 within 14 days of Screening.
• Unable to tolerate oral medication.
• Allergy to JNT-517 or any component of the investigational product.
• Received >50 mL of blood or plasma within 30 days of Screening or >500 mL of blood or plasma within 60 days of Screening.
Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy of AntiBKV as Treatment of BKV Infection in Kidney Transplant Recipients (SAFE KIDNEY II)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of AntiBKV in reducing BK viremia and progression to biopsy-confirmed BKVAN in Kidney Transplant Recipients (KTRs). The study includes two parts. The phase II part will evaluate the safety of AntiBKV in KTRs and establish proof of concept. The phase III part will assess the efficacy of AntiBKV in KTRs. For both the phase II and phase III parts, participants will be randomized to receive either four doses of AntiBKV or four doses of placebo (every 4 weeks). Both the phase II and phase III parts will follow identical study assessments and schedules for participants. Based on an interim analysis after phase II total sample size for the trial will be defined. Eligible participants will receive an intravenous infusion of the investigational medicinal product (IMP) that will be administered four times at a 4-week interval. Seven days following the first IMP administration, participants will be re-evaluated for BK viremia and, if appropriate, changes of immunosuppressive treatment will be started. After administration of the final dose, participants will return as out participants for periodic safety, BK viremia, and PK follow-up assessments until the end of the trial visits, 26 weeks post last IMP application. Regular kidney biopsies will be performed at baseline (prior to infusion) and after full dosing (3 months). An additional biopsy will be taken on Day 267 (optional) and as clinically indicated.
• Male or female aged 18 years or older
• Kidney transplantation within 24 months prior to enrollment
• Kidney transplant recipient with first-time diagnosed (within 14 days prior to Day 1) BK viremia (evaluated prior to study participation during routine clinical monitoring by the local laboratory) either defined by BK virus (BKV)-DNAemia of >1,000 copies/mL sustained for three weeks (confirmed by 2 consecutive measurements 3 weeks apart), or one time >10,000 copies/mL)
• Kidney transplant recipients with adequate and/or stable allograft function as indicated by estimated glomerular filtration rate ((e)GFR) ≥ 30 mL/min
• Female subjects (if of childbearing potential) must agree to use adequate and reliable contraceptive measures throughout their participation in the trial. Contraceptive use by women should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating in clinical studies.
• Ability to provide written informed consent
• Previous diagnosis of BK viremia
• Known hypersensitivity to any component of the investigational medicinal product (IMP)
• Previous adjustment of immunosuppression due to BK viremia or planned adjustment during the 7 days after investigational medicinal product (IMP) administration, at the time of enrollment
• Participants with combined or multi-organ transplants
• Transplanted kidney disease with an estimated glomerular filtration rate ((e)GFR) < 30 mL/minute at screening
• Uncontrolled acute or chronic infection other than BK virus (BKV) infection at screening which might interfere with study participation at the discretion of the investigator
• Recipients who are treated or planned to be treated with a mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor or belatacept as part of their immunosuppression regimen post-transplantation at the time of enrollment
• Recipients who are treated or planned to be treated during study participation with leflunomide at the time of enrollment
• Recipients who in the opinion of the investigator are likely to require antibody-depletion therapy during trial participation. Antibody-depleting therapies include but are not necessarily limited to plasmapheresis, immunoadsorption, and intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg)
• Recipients with kidney transplant rejection or focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) shown by renal biopsy
• Recipients who have medical conditions that prevent the recipient from undergoing allograft biopsy due to chronic anticoagulation or antiplatelet agents (except for low dose aspirin)
• Recipients with known donor-specific antibodies (DSA) (de novo or pre-transplantation)
• Recipients who are receiving a monoclonal antibody treatment for another indication (e.g. rituximab, infliximab etc.)
• Recipients with extremely high BK virus (BKV)-DNAemia (>10,000,000 copies/mL) or hemorrhagic cystitis
• Recipients who in the opinion of the investigator are likely to develop recurrent native kidney disease (e.g. immunoglobulin A [IgA] nephritis, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis [FSGS], C3 glomerulonephritis)
• Recipients with a functionally significant ureteral stricture
• Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women
• Current clinical, radiographic, or laboratory evidence of active or latent tuberculosis (TB) or any history, in the opinion of the investigator, that confers a risk of reactivation of latent tuberculosis (TB) and precludes the use of conventional immunosuppression
• History of splenectomy or asplenia
• Any condition, that in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with the evaluation of the investigational product or interpretation of the participant safety data or study results
• History of malignancy within the past 5 years, except completely excised basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or cervical carcinoma in situ at least 2 years prior to screening
• Participation in another interventional clinical trial during trial participation or within 30 days prior to the investigational medicinal product (IMP) dosing or planned dosing
• History of alcoholism or drug addiction within 1 year of screening. Substance use disorder will be an exclusion criterion, at investigators discretion
Phase 1/2 Study of AOC 1020 in Adults With Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy (FSHD) (FORTITUDE)
A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Phase 1/2 Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Exploratory Efficacy of AOC 1020 Administered Intravenously to Adult Participants with Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy (FSHD)
• FSHD1 or FSHD2 diagnosis confirmed by documented genetic testing (testing provided by Sponsor)
• Ambulatory and able to walk 10 meters (with or without assistive devices such as one cane, walking stick or braces)
• At least 1 muscle region suitable for biopsy (testing provided by Sponsor)
• Muscle weakness in both upper and lower body, as determined by Investigator
• Diagnosed with congenital or infantile FSHD
• Pregnancy, intent to become pregnant within 9 months after last planned dose of Study Drug, or active breastfeeding
• Unwilling or unable to continue to comply with contraceptive requirements
• Body mass index (BMI) >35.0 kg/m2 at Screening
• History of muscle biopsy within 30 days of the screening biopsy or planning to undergo any nonstudy muscle biopsies over the duration of the study
• History of bleeding disorders, significant keloid, or other skin or muscle conditions (e.g., severe muscle wasting) that, in the opinion of the Investigator, makes the participant unsuitable for serial muscle biopsy
• Anticipated survival less than 2 years
• Blood or plasma donation within 16 weeks of Study Day 1
• Any contraindication to MRI
• Any abnormal lab values, conditions or diseases that, in the opinion of the investigator or Sponsor, would make the participant unsuitable for the study or could interfere with participation or completion of the study
• Treatment with any investigative medication within 1 month (or 5 half-lives of the drug, whichever is longer) of Screening
Domvanalimab and Zimberelimab in Advanced Liver Cancers
The goal of this clinical trial is to learn about advanced liver and bile duct cancers. The main question it aims to answer is: If the combination of Domvanalimab and Zimberelimab are effective in treating advanced hepatobiliary cancers that have failed prior treatment.
• Patient must have a histologically confirmed diagnosis consistent with HCC or bile duct cancer (including intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and gall bladder cancers; known fibrolamellar HCC, or combined HCC-cholangiocarcinoma will be excluded.
• Locally advanced or metastatic disease
• 2a. Patients with locally advanced or metastatic disease must have disease deemed not amenable to surgical and/or locoregional therapies or patients who have progressed following surgical and/or locoregional therapies.
• 2b. Measurable disease, as defined as lesions that can accurately be measured in at east one dimension according to RECIST version 1.1 at least 1 cm with contrast enhanced dynamic imaging (magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography).
• Refractory to or relapsed after prior anti-PD-1/L1 antibody therapy. May have received anti-PD-1/L1 monotherapy or combination therapy as any line of therapy including in the neoadjuvant or adjuvant setting. Patients who discontinued prior immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment due to toxicity are not eligible.
• Availability of recent formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue block or slides in which the biopsy or resection was performed within 3 years. Baseline tissue can be obtained after consent but must be prior to initiation of zimberelimab and domvanalimab. It is strongly recommended that tissue is obtained from biopsies confirming progression of disease on prior therapy so that the patient has not received any intervening systemic anti-cancer treatment from the time that the baseline tissue was obtained.
• Prior locoregional is allowed provided the following are met: 1) at least 2 weeks since prior locoregional therapy including surgical resection, chemoembolization, radiotherapy, or ablation; 2) target lesion has increased in size ≥25% or the target lesion was not treated with locoregional therapy. Patients treated with palliative radiotherapy for symptoms will be eligible as long as the target lesion is not the treated lesion and radiotherapy will be completed at least 2 weeks prior to study drug administration.
• Age ≥ 18 years
• Child-Pugh Score A or B7-8 (only for HCC or bile duct cancer)
• ECOG Performance score of 0-1
• Adequate organ and marrow function (without chronic, ongoing growth factor support or transfusion in the last 2 weeks) as defined below:
• 9a. Platelet count ≥ 50,000/mm 10x3
• 9b. Hgb ≥ 8.5 g/dl
• 9c. Absolute neutrophil ≥ 1,000 cells/mm 10X3
• 9d. Total bilirubin ≤ 3.0 mg/ml (This will not apply to subjects with Gilbert's syndrome who have persistent or recurrent hyperbilirubinemia that is predominantly unconjugated in the absence of hemolysis, and such patients may be enrolled based in consultation with the principal investigator).
• 9e. INR ≤ 2
• 9f. AST, ALT ≤5 times ULN
• 9g. Calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 40 mL/min. CrCl can be calculated using the Cockroft-Gault method.
• 9h. Albumin ≥ 2.0 g/dl
• All men, as well as women of child-bearing potential, defined as not surgically sterilized and between menarche and 1-year post menopause, must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) 4 weeks prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 120 days after the last dose of zimberelimab or domvanalimab. See contraception guidelines in Appendix 1. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, marital status, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:
• Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
• Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
• Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication
• Subjects are eligible to enroll if they have non-viral-HCC, or if they have HBV-HCC, or HCV-HCC defined as follows:
• 1. HBV-HCC: Hepatitis B subjects will be allowed if they meet the following criteria: On antiviral therapy for HBV or HBV viral load must be less than 100 IU/mL prior to first dose of study drug. Subjects on active HBV therapy with viral loads under 100 IU/ml should stay on the same therapy throughout study treatment. Subjects who are anti-HBc (+), negative for HBsAg, negative for anti-HBs, and have an HBV viral load under 100 IU/mL do not require HBV anti-viral prophylaxis.
• 2. HCV-HCC: Active or resolved HCV infection as evidenced by detectable HCV RNA or antibody. Patients who have failed HCV therapy as evidenced by detectable HCV RNA will be eligible. Subjects with chronic infection by HCV who are treated (successfully or treatment failure) or untreated are allowed on study. In addition, subjects with successful HCV treatment are allowed as long as there are ≥4 weeks between completion of HCV therapy and start of study drug. Successful HCV treatment definition: SVR12.
• Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.
• Willing and able to comply with the requirements and restrictions in this protocol.
• Patients who have received the vector, protein subunit, or nucleic acid COVID-19 vaccines are eligible to enroll.
• Prior liver transplant.
• Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive (testing not required).
• Use of any live vaccines against infectious diseases within 28 days of first dose of study drug administration.
• History of trauma or major surgery within 28 days prior to the first dose of study drug administration. (Tumor biopsy or placement of central venous access catheter (eg, port or similar) is not considered a major surgical procedure).
• Underlying medical conditions that, in the investigator's opinion, will make the administration of study drugs hazardous, including but not limited to:
• 5a. Interstitial lung disease, including history of interstitial lung disease or non infectious pneumonitis (lymphangitic spread of cancer is not disqualifying),
• 5b. Active viral, bacterial, or fungal infections requiring parenteral treatment within 14 days of the initiation of study drugs,
• 5c. Clinically significant cardiovascular disease,
• 5d. A condition that may obscure the interpretation of toxicity determination or AEs,
• 5e. History of prior solid-organ transplantation.
• Hypersensitivity to IV contrast; not suitable for pre-medication.
• Pre-existing thyroid abnormality with thyroid function that cannot be maintained in the normal range with medication.
• Any active autoimmune disease or a documented history of autoimmune disease or syndrome that required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (ie, with use of disease-modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs), except for vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy.
• 8a. Replacement therapy (eg, thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
• 8b. Participants with asthma who require intermittent use of bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, or local corticosteroid injections will not be excluded from this study. Participants on chronic systemic corticosteroids will be excluded from the study.
• Known history of active bacillus tuberculosis.
• Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses ≤10 mg/day prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of to immune disease.
• Known severe hypersensitivity reactions to monoclonal antibodies (≥Grade 3).
• Prior malignancy active within the previous 2 years except for locally curable cancers that have been apparently cured, such as basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix, breast, or prostate cancer.
• Prisoners or subjects who are involuntarily incarcerated.
• If a participant has symptomatic or clinically active brain metastases including leptomeningeal disease, they must be excluded if:
• Has evidence of progression by neurologic symptoms
• Has metastatic brain lesions that require immediate intervention.
• Has carcinomatous meningitis, regardless of clinical stability
• Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after contraception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive hCG laboratory test.
• Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
• Has significant dementia or other mental condition that precludes the participant's ability to consent to the study.
• Use of other investigational drugs (drugs not marketed for any indication) within 28 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) of first dose of study drugs.
• Known hypersensitivity to recombinant proteins, or any excipient contained in the study drug formulations.
DEFIANCE: RCT of ClotTriever System Versus Anticoagulation In Deep Vein Thrombosis (DEFIANCE)
This study is a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial of an interventional strategy using the ClotTriever System to achieve and maintain vessel patency (ClotTriever Intervention Arm) versus conservative medical management using anticoagulation therapy alone (Conservative Medical Management Arm) in the treatment of subjects with symptomatic unilateral iliofemoral DVT. The study will collect data on demographics, comorbidities, details from the DVT diagnosis and treatment, and clinical outcomes through the 6-month follow up visit.
• Age ≥ 18 years
• Proximal lower extremity unilateral DVT involving at least the common femoral, external iliac, or common iliac veins, alone or in combination
• Symptom onset within 12 weeks of enrollment in the study
• Significant symptoms, as defined by a Villalta score > 9
• Willing and able to provide informed consent Exclusion Criteria
• Bilateral iliofemoral DVT
• Prior venous stent in the target venous segment
• IVC aplasia/hypoplasia or other congenital anatomic anomalies of the IVC or iliac veins
• IVC filter in place at the time of enrollment
• Limb-threatening circulatory compromise (e.g., phlegmasia)
• Clot in transit including IVC thrombus presenting as extension of >2cm into the IVC from the CIV
• Symptomatic PE with right heart strain where the physician judges that a DVT intervention is inappropriate at this time.
• Inability to be a candidate for intervention due to medical or technical reasons based on physician judgement
• Severe allergy, hypersensitivity to, or thrombocytopenia from heparin
• Severe allergy to iodinated contrast agents that cannot be mitigated
• Hemoglobin < 8.0 g/dL, INR > 1.7 before warfarin was started, or platelets < 50,000/µl which cannot be corrected prior to enrollment
• Severe renal impairment (estimated GFR < 30 ml/min) in patients who are not yet on dialysis
• Inability to provide therapeutic anticoagulation per Investigator discretion
• Uncontrolled severe hypertension on repeated readings (systolic > 180mmHg or diastolic > 105mmHg)
• Recently (< 30 days) had DVT interventional procedure
• Subject is participating in another study that may interfere with this study
• Life expectancy < 6 months or chronic non-ambulatory status
• Known hypercoagulable states that, in the opinion of the Investigator, cannot be medically managed throughout the study period
• Subject has any condition for which, in the opinion of the Investigator, participation would not be in the best interest of the subject (e.g., contraindication to use of ClotTriever per local approved labeling, compromise the well-being or that could prevent, limit, or confound the protocol-specified assessments)
• Subject has previously completed or withdrawn from this study
• Patient unwilling or unable to conduct the follow up visits per protocol
A Study to Compare Standard Therapy to Treat Hodgkin Lymphoma to the Use of Two Drugs, Brentuximab Vedotin and Nivolumab
This phase III trial compares the effect of adding immunotherapy (brentuximab vedotin and nivolumab) to standard treatment (chemotherapy with or without radiation) to the standard treatment alone in improving survival in patients with stage I and II classical Hodgkin lymphoma. Brentuximab vedotin is in a class of medications called antibody-drug conjugates. It is made of a monoclonal antibody called brentuximab that is linked to a cytotoxic agent called vedotin. Brentuximab attaches to CD30 positive lymphoma cells in a targeted way and delivers vedotin to kill them. A monoclonal antibody is a type of protein that can bind to certain targets in the body, such as molecules that cause the body to make an immune response (antigens). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Chemotherapy drugs such as doxorubicin hydrochloride, bleomycin sulfate, vinblastine sulfate, dacarbazine, and procarbazine hydrochloride work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Cyclophosphamide is in a class of medications called alkylating agents. It works by damaging the cell's deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and may kill cancer cells. It may also lower the body's immune response. Etoposide is in a class of medications known as podophyllotoxin derivatives. It blocks a certain enzyme needed for cell division and DNA repair and may kill cancer cells. Vincristine is in a class of medications called vinca alkaloids. It works by stopping cancer cells from growing and dividing and may kill them. Prednisone is in a class of medications called corticosteroids. It is used to reduce inflammation and lower the body's immune response to help lessen the side effects of chemotherapy drugs. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Adding immunotherapy to the standard treatment of chemotherapy with or without radiation may increase survival and/or fewer short-term or long-term side effects in patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma compared to the standard treatment alone.
• Patients must be 5 to 60 years of age at the time of enrollment
• Patients with newly diagnosed untreated histologically confirmed classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) (nodular sclerosis, mixed cellularity, lymphocyte-rich, or lymphocyte-depleted, or not otherwise specified [NOS]) with stage I or II disease
• Patients must have bidimensionally measurable disease (at least one lesion with longest diameter >= 1.5 cm)
• Patients must have a whole body or limited whole body PET scan performed within 42 days prior to enrollment. PET-CT is strongly preferred. PET-MRI allowed if intravenous contrast enhanced CT is also obtained
• Pediatric patients (age 5-17 years) must have an upright posteroanterior (PA) chest X-ray (CXR) for assessment of bulky mediastinal disease. Adult patients must have either a CXR or CT chest
• Patients >= 18 years must have a performance status corresponding to Zubrod scores of 0, 1 or 2
• Patients =< 17 years of age must have a Lansky performance score of >= 50
• Pediatric patients (age 5-17 years): A serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• 2 to < 6 years (age): 0.8 mg/dL (male), 0.8 mg/dL (female)
• 6 to < 10 years (age): 1 mg/dL (male), 1 mg/dL (female)
• 10 to < 13 years (age): 1.2 mg/dL (male), 1.2 mg/dL (female)
• 13 to < 16 years (age): 1.5 mg/dL (male), 1.4 mg/dL (female)
• >= 16 years (age): 1.7 mg/dL (male), 1.4 mg/dL (female) OR a 24 hour urine creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (within 7 days prior to enrollment) OR a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (within 7 days prior to enrollment). GFR must be performed using direct measurement with a nuclear blood sampling method OR direct small molecule clearance method (iothalamate or other molecule per institutional standard)
• Note: Estimated GFR (eGFR) from serum or plasma creatinine, cystatin C or other estimates are not acceptable for determining eligibility
• For adult patients (age 18 years or older) (within 7 days prior to enrollment): Creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min, as estimated by the Cockcroft and Gault formula or a 24-hour urine collection. The creatinine value used in the calculation must have been obtained within 28 days prior to registration. Estimated creatinine clearance is based on actual body weight
• Total bilirubin =< 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Unless due to Gilbert's disease, lymphomatous involvement of liver or vanishing bile duct syndrome
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x ULN (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Unless due to Gilbert's disease, lymphomatous involvement of liver or vanishing bile duct syndrome
• Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 x ULN (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Unless due to Gilbert's disease, lymphomatous involvement of liver or vanishing bile duct syndrome
• Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram (ECHO), multigated acquisition scan (MUGA), or functional cardiac imaging scan (within 7 days prior to enrollment) or ejection fraction of >= 50% by radionuclide angiogram, ECHO, MUGA, or cardiac imaging scan (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) >= 50% of predicted value as corrected for hemoglobin by pulmonary function test (PFT) (within 7 days prior to enrollment). If unable to obtain PFTs, the criterion is: a pulse oximetry reading of > 92% on room air
• Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial
• For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated. Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
• Patients with nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma
• Patients with a history of active interstitial pneumonitis or interstitial lung disease
• Patients with a diagnosis of inherited or acquired immunodeficiency that is poorly controlled or requiring active medications, such as primary immunodeficiency syndromes or organ transplant recipients
• Patients with any known uncontrolled intercurrent illness that would jeopardize the patient's safety such as infection, autoimmune conditions, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, and gastrointestinal disorders affecting swallowing and/or absorption of pills
• Patients with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (defined as equivalent to > 10 mg daily prednisone for patients >= 18 years or > 0.5 mg/kg [up to 10 mg/day] for patients < 18 years) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days prior to enrollment
• Note: Replacement therapy such as thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency is not considered a form of systemic treatment. Inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal replacement doses (=< 10 mg daily for patients >= 18 years or =< 0.5 mg/kg [up to 10 mg/day] prednisone equivalents) are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
• Note: Steroid use for the control of Hodgkin lymphoma symptoms is allowable, but must be discontinued by cycle 1, day 1
• Patients with peripheral neuropathy > grade 1 at the time of enrollment or patients with known Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome
• Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment has the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen
• Administration of prior chemotherapy, radiation, or antibody-based treatment for cHL
• Prior solid organ transplant
• Prior allogeneic stem cell transplantation
• Live vaccine within 30 days prior to planned day 1 of protocol therapy (e.g., measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, yellow fever, rabies, bacillus calmette guerin [BCG], oral polio vaccine, and oral typhoid). Administration of messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) vaccines are permitted
• Female patients who are pregnant since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs. A pregnancy test within 28 days prior to enrollment is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants starting with the first dose of study therapy and for at least 6 months after the last treatment
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use a highly effective contraceptive method (failure rate of < 1% per year when used consistently and correctly) for the duration of their study drug therapy. Following therapy, patients will be advised to use contraception as per institutional practice or as listed below for investigational agents, whichever is longer
• Men and women of childbearing potential must continue contraception for a period of 6 months after last dose of brentuximab vedotin
• Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) must continue contraception for a period of at least 5 months after the last dose of nivolumab
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
A Study to Test a Medicine (Fitusiran) Injected Under the Skin for Preventing Bleeding Episodes in Male Adolescent or Adult Participants With Severe Hemophilia (ATLAS-NEO)
This is a multicenter, multinational, open-label, one-way cross-over, Phase 3, single-arm study for treatment of hemophilia. The purpose of this study is to measure the frequency of treated bleeding episodes with fitusiran in male adult and adolescent (≥12 years old) participants with hemophilia A or B, with or without inhibitory antibodies to factor VIII or IX who have switched from their prior standard of care treatment. The total study duration will be up to approximately 50 months (200 weeks, 1 study month is equivalent to 4 weeks) and will include: - A screening period up to approximately 60 days, - A standard of care (SOC) period of approximately 6 study months (24 weeks), - A fitusiran treatment period of approximately 36 study months (144 weeks), - An antithrombin (AT) follow-up period of approximately 6 study months (24 weeks) but may be shorter or longer depending on individual participants AT recovery. The frequency for telephone visits will be approximately every 2 weeks. For site visits the frequency will be approximately every 8 weeks during the SOC period and approximately every 4 weeks during the fitusiran treatment period. If applicable and if allowed by local regulation, home and/or remote visits may be conducted during the study
• Diagnosis of severe congenital hemophilia A or B (FVIII <1% or FIX level ≤2%) as evidenced by a central laboratory measurement at screening or documented medical record evidence.
• For participants currently not on prophylaxis (CFC or BPA on-demand): A minimum of 4 bleeding episodes requiring BPA (inhibitor participants) or CFC (non-inhibitor participants) treatment within the last 6 months prior to screening.
• Willing and able to comply with the study requirements and to provide written informed consent and assent in the case of participants under the age of legal consent, per local and national requirements
• Known co-existing bleeding disorders other than congenital hemophilia A or B
• History of arterial or venous thromboembolism, not associated with an indwelling venous access
• History of intolerance to SC injection(s).
• Current participation in immune tolerance induction therapy (ITI)
• Prior gene therapy
• Current or prior participation in a fitusiran trial
• Current or prior participation in a gene therapy trial
• Received an investigational drug or device within 30 days prior to the screening visit or within 5 half-lives of the investigational drug (or device) prior to the screening visit, whichever is longer
• Presence of clinically significant liver disease AT activity <60% at Screening
• Co-existing thrombophilic disorder
• Hepatitis C virus antibody positive, except participants who have negative Hepatitis C viral load and no evidence of cirrhosis
• Presence of acute hepatitis, ie, hepatitis A, hepatitis E.
• Presence of acute or chronic hepatitis B infection
• Known to be HIV positive with CD4 count <200 cells/μL.
• Reduced renal function The above information is not intended to contain all considerations relevant to a patient's potential participation in a clinical trial.
Study to Evaluate ARINA-1 in the Prevention of Bronchiolitis Obliterans Progression in Participants With Bilateral Lung Transplant
The goal of this clinical trial is to compare ARINA-1 plus Standard of Care vs Standard of Care alone. The main question it aims to answer are: - Evaluate the effectiveness of ARINA-1 in preventing bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) progression in participants with a bilateral lung transplant - To evaluate the effectiveness of ARINA-1 on improving quality of life decline and preventing or delaying the use of augmented immunosuppression in participants with pre-BOS relative to SOC. Participants will have clinic visits at screening, randomization (day 1) and weeks 4, 12, 18, and 24. After week 24, participants will have clinic visits at weeks 32, 40, and 48. Participants will also have a telehealth visit on day 2 and phone calls to assess adverse events (AEs), serious adverse events (SAEs), and review patient education will occur during weeks 5, 8, 36, and 44.
• Bilateral lung transplant >12 months from the time of Visit 1 / Randomization
• Age 18-75 years old at the time of consent
• Routinely followed at enrolling site
• Willing and able to comply with visit schedule and at-home requirements
• 10-24% decrease in FEV1 from the post-transplant baseline within the last 12 months.
• Capable of giving informed consent
• On a stable maintenance regimen of azithromycin for >4 weeks prior to the Screening Visit
• On a stable 3-agent immunosuppression regimen that includes a steroid, a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI), and cell cycle inhibitor (e.g., mycophenolate, azathioprine) >4 weeks prior to Screening
• If a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP), must agree to use a reliable method of birth control for the entire duration of the study.
• Positive urine pregnancy test at screening and baseline visit
• Diagnosis of active congestive heart failure or symptomatic coronary artery disease > grade 3 based on the New York Heart Association Functional Classification (NYHA) criteria
• Restrictive allograft syndrome (RAS) defined by radiographic interstitial or alveolar opacities on chest X-ray or CT scan that are consistent with RAS
• Have advanced BOS, defined by >24% decrease in FEV1 in post-transplant baseline
• A diagnosis of probable antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) <12 months prior to the baseline visit
• Donor-specific antibodies (DSA) identified <6 months prior to the baseline visit. *The presence of DSA >6 months from the baseline visit is acceptable for enrollment into the study.
• Unresolved diffuse alveolar damage
• Receiving mechanical ventilation
• Chronic kidney disease stage IV or higher, including on dialysis
• Initiating a new maintenance therapy or changing immunosuppression maintenance therapy (e.g., changing tacrolimus to cyclosporine) <14 days prior to the baseline visit.
• Currently using an mTOR inhibitor or azathioprine
• Initiating or changing antibiotic (including azithromycin), antiviral, or antifungal therapy <14 days prior to the baseline visit.
• Use of alemtuzumab <6 months prior to the baseline visit
• Use of anti-thymocyte therapies (e.g., anti-thymocyte globulin) or photopheresis <90 days prior to the Screening Visit. Prior use of Trikafta (elexacaftor, ivacaftor, and tezacaftor is allowed as long as the participant has been on stable dose for >90 days prior to the Screening Visit.
• Initiating a multivitamin or other supplement (inhaled, oral, or IV) containing vitamin C, glutathione, or N-acetylcysteine <90 days prior to the baseline visit
• Significant unstable comorbidities, in the opinion of the site investigator
• Allery or previous adverse reaction to azithromycin
• A diagnosis of dynamic collapse / tracheobrochomalacia <90 days of the baseline visit.
• Subjects currently participating in, or who have participated in an interventional (drug or device) clinical study <30 days of the baseline visit.
• Have been diagnosed with ARAD within 6 weeks of the Screening Visit.
• Have used belatacept <6 months prior to Clinic Visit 1
• Have had bronchial stents or cryotherapy within 12 months of the Screening Visit
A Research Study to See How Semaglutide Helps People With Excess Weight and Type 2 Diabetes Lose Weight
This study will look at how much weight participants will lose and how much blood sugar control they achieve from the start to the end of the study. The weight loss in participants taking the investigational high dose of semaglutide will be compared to the weight loss in people taking "dummy" medicine and a lower dose of semaglutide. In addition to taking the medicine, participants will have talks with study staff about healthy food choices and how to be more physically active. Participants will either get semaglutide or "dummy" medicine. Which treatment participants get is decided by chance. Participants are more likely (4 out of 5) to get semaglutide than the "dummy" medicine. The study medicine will be injected briefly, under skin, with a thin needle, typically in the stomach, thighs, or upper arms. After receiving first dose, the dose of semaglutide will be gradually increased until reaching the target dose. The study will last for about 1.5 years.
• Male or female.
• Age above or equal to 18 years at the time of signing informed consent.
• BMI greater than or equal to 30.0 kilograms per square meter (kg/m^2).
• Diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D) greater than or equal to 180 days prior to the day of screening.
• History of at least one self-reported unsuccessful dietary effort to lose body weight.
• HbA1c 7.0-10.0 percent (53-86 millimoles per mole [mmol/mol]) (both inclusive) as measured by central laboratory at screening.
• A self-reported change in body weight greater than 5 kilograms (kg) (11 pounds [lbs]) within 90 days before screening irrespective of medical records.
• Personal or first-degree relative(s) history of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 or medullary thyroid carcinoma.
• Renal impairment with estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) less than 30 milliliters per minute per 1.73 square meter (30 mL/min/1.73 m^2) (less than 45 mL/min/1.73 m^2 in participants treated with Sodium-glucose Cotransporter-2 [SGLT2i]) according to Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) creatinine equation as defined by Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) 2012 by the central laboratory at screening.
• Uncontrolled and potentially unstable diabetic retinopathy or maculopathy. Verified by a fundus examination performed within 90 days before screening or in the period between screening and randomization. Pharmacological pupil-dilation is a requirement unless using a digital fundus photography camera specified for non-dilated examination.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Post-Concussion Syndrome
The purpose of this study is to decrease symptom burden, improve cognitive function, and improve quality of life outcomes in subjects with mild TBI and persisting post-concussion syndrome using Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment compared to a sham intervention. Specific Aims: 1. Evaluate the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen treatment to improve outcomes for adults with persisting post-concussion syndrome. Specifically, the investigators hypothesize that a prescribed course of hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) will improve outcomes and quality of life in adults with persisting symptoms >3 months after injury. 1. Decrease symptom burden as measured by the Rivermead Post-Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ). 2. Improve cognitive function as measured by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Toolbox Cognition Battery. 3. Improve quality of life as measured by the 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36). 2. Assess the safety and tolerability of hyperbaric oxygen treatments and compliance with treatment in adults with persisting post-concussion syndrome.
• Must have been evaluated within 48 hours of injury and given a diagnosis of concussion by a medical professional
• Must be experiencing persistent symptoms 3-12 months after injury as defined as having at least symptoms that are moderate to severe (score 3-4) OR at least a total score of 10 with at least 1 symptom rated moderate to severe (3-4) on the Rivermead Post-Concussion Questionnaire (RPQ).
• COPD with CO2 retention; previous/current imaging showing hyperinflation/air trapping/bullous disease/blebs
• Current pneumothorax or previous spontaneous pneumothorax
• Uncontrolled HTN (systolic >180 or diastolic >100)
• Known Ejection fraction < 35%
• Pacemaker / ICD in place (not approved for chamber use)
• Current chemotherapeutic drug use, and past history of bleomycin use.
• Hereditary Spherocytosis
• Sickle cell anemia
• Neurological and Psychological:
• Implanted nerve stimulators
• Uncontrolled seizure disorder
• Drug or alcohol abuse/dependence
• Current treatment for alcohol cessation with disulfiram
• Head and Neck:
• Inability to equilibrate the pressure of middle ears and sinuses
• Current or previous retinal detachment
• Retinal or vitreous surgery within the past 3 months
• Current fever or active infection
• Implanted devices not on the approved list for use with HBOT
• Women who are pregnant. Women with childbearing potential are required to use effective birth control if not surgically sterile or postmenopausal for >2 years.
• Undergoing vestibular or other therapy during the intervention
• Planning a change in medication during the intervention
• Relative exclusion criteria: Diagnosis of the conditions listed below will require approval of the hyperbaric medicine physician for enrollment into the study.
• Optic neuritis
• Otosclerosis surgery
• Thoracic surgery
• Chronic sinusitis
• Medications: Individuals with recent (within the past six months) or concurrent use of these medications must be approved by the hyperbaric medicine physician.
• Antabuse - Predisposes to oxygen toxicity
• Antiseizure medications - Potential participants must have levels of their seizure medications checked within a week of their initial screening visit because low levels can predispose to oxygen toxicity. Laboratory testing must be completed by their outside treating physicians to provide to the research staff for review; the study will not obtain labs for monitoring medication levels as part of the inclusion/exclusion criteria
• Meclizine - Predisposes to oxygen toxicity
• Bleomycin - May cause pulmonary fibrosis that can lead to air embolism or pneumothorax in the patient receiving hyperbaric oxygen treatment.
• Certain ointments/creams that cannot be removed - These may be allowed if covered with cotton dressings.
• Narcotics - Can lead to cessation of the hypoxic respiratory drive.
• Nitroprusside - HBOT vasoconstrictive effect interacts with nitroprusside's vasodilator effect, making intensive monitoring mandatory.
• Penicillin - Predisposes to oxygen toxicity
• Promethazine (Phenergan) - Predisposes to oxygen toxicity.
• Corticosteroids - Decreases the threshold for oxygen toxicity.
• Sulfamylon - Promotes CO2 buildup causing peripheral vasodilatation. When coupled with vasoconstriction, results are worse than with using either agent alone. Use silver sulfadiazine instead for wound care.
A Study of LOXO-435 in Patients With Cancer With a Change in a Gene Called FGFR3
The main purpose of this study is to learn more about the safety, side effects, and effectiveness of LOXO-435. LOXO-435 may be used to treat cancer of the cells that line the urinary system and other solid tumor cancers that have a change in a particular gene (known as the FGFR3 gene). Participation could last up to 30 months (2.5 years) and possibly longer if the disease does not get worse.
• Have solid tumor cancer with an FGFR3 pathway alteration on molecular testing in tumor or blood sample that is deemed as actionable.
• Cohort A (Dose Escalation): Presence of an alteration in FGFR3 or its ligands deemed as a clinically or potentially clinically relevant alteration by the treating Investigator.
• Cohorts B1, B2 and B3 (Dose Expansion): Histological diagnosis of urothelial cancer that is locally advanced or metastatic with a prespecified activating FGFR3 alteration.
• Cohort C (Dose Expansion): Must have histological diagnosis of a non-urothelial solid tumor malignancy that is locally advanced or metastatic with a prespecified activating FGFR3 alteration.
• Measurability of disease:
• Phase 1a: measurable or non-measurable disease as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors v 1.1 (RECIST v1.1)
• Phase 1b: Measurable disease required as defined by RECIST v1.1
• Have adequate archival tumor tissue sample available or undergo a screening biopsy if allowed per country-specific regulations.
• Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1.
• Patient has received all standard therapies for which the patient was deemed to be an appropriate candidate by the treating Investigator; OR the patient is refusing the remaining most appropriate standard of care treatment; OR there is no standard therapy available for the disease. There is no restriction on number of prior therapies.
• Cohort B1: Patients must have been previously treated with a FGFR inhibitor.
• Cohort B2, B3, C1: Patients must be FGFR inhibitor naïve.
• Patients with primary central nervous system (CNS) malignancy
• Known or suspected history of uncontrolled CNS metastases
• Current evidence of corneal keratopathy or retinal disorder
• Have a history and/or current evidence of extensive tissue calcification
• Any serious unresolved toxicities from prior therapy
• Significant cardiovascular disease
• Prolongation of the QT interval corrected for heart rate using Fridericia's formula (QTcF)
• Active uncontrolled systemic infection or other clinically significant medical conditions
• Patients who are pregnant, lactating, or plan to breastfeed during the study or within 6 months of the last dose of study treatment
A Trial to See if the Combination of Fianlimab With Cemiplimab Works Better Than Pembrolizumab for Preventing or Delaying Melanoma From Coming Back After it Has Been Removed With Surgery
The primary objective of the study is To demonstrate superiority of fianlimab + cemiplimab compared to pembrolizumab, as measured by relapse free survival (RFS) The secondary objectives of the study are: - To demonstrate superiority of fianlimab + cemiplimab compared to pembrolizumab, as measured by overall survival (OS) - To demonstrate superiority of fianlimab + cemiplimab compared to pembrolizumab, as measured by melanoma specific survival (MSS) - To evaluate whether post-operative adjuvant therapy improves distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), in stage IIC or III patients receiving fianlimab + cemiplimab compared to pembrolizumab - To assess impact of fianlimab + cemiplimab on quality of life as compared to pembrolizumab in adults - To assess safety and tolerability of fianlimab + cemiplimab compared to pembrolizumab - To characterize pharmacokinetics (PK) of fianlimab + cemiplimab using sparse PK sampling in patients 12 years of age and older - To assess immunogenicity of fianlimab and against cemiplimab
• All patients must be either stage IIC, III, or stage IV per American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th edition and have histologically confirmed melanoma that is completely surgically resected in order to be eligible as defined by the protocol
• Complete surgical resection must be performed within 12 weeks prior to randomization, and enrollment may occur only after satisfactory wound healing from the surgery
• All patients must have disease-free status documented by a complete physical examination and imaging studies within 4 weeks prior to randomization, as described in the protocol Key
• Uveal melanoma
• Any evidence of residual disease after surgery by imaging, pathology, or cytology.
• Ongoing or recent (within 2 years) evidence of clinically significant autoimmune disease that required systemic treatment with immunosuppressive agents
• Uncontrolled infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C (HCV) infection; or diagnosis of immunodeficiency that is related to, or results in chronic infection, as described in the protocol
• Another malignancy that is currently progressing or that required active treatment in the past 5 years, as described in the protocol
• Adolescent patients (≥12 to <18 years old) with body weight <40 kg Note: Other Protocol Defined Inclusion/ Exclusion Criteria Apply
Strategies and Treatments for Respiratory Infections &Amp; Viral Emergencies (STRIVE): Shionogi Protease Inhibitor
Treatments are needed to improve outcomes among patients hospitalized for COVID-19, including direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents to mitigate the pathology driven by ongoing viral replication. This trial will evaluate S-217622, an anti-SARS-CoV2 3C-like protease inhibitor (PI) developed by Shionogi & Co. Ltd. The study design is a randomized, placebo-controlled, multi-center international clinical trial that will evaluate the clinical efficacy of S-217622 when given in addition to standard of care (SOC) for inpatients with COVID-19. The SOC will be determined by local established guidelines and may include additional DAA (e.g., remdesivir) and immunomodulatory treatment strategies. Certain SOC treatments will be pre-specified prior to randomization.
• Age ≥18 years.
• Informed consent for trial participation.
• Hospital admission (or boarding in an emergency department or other area awaiting hospital admission) with signs and/or symptoms of a respiratory infection.
• Confirmation of SARS-CoV2 infection by nucleic acid test (NAT) or equivalent non- NAT test [list of approved tests is in the PIM] collected within the prior 14 days.
• Onset of symptoms attributable to SARS-CoV2 infection occurred within 14 days before randomization.
• Hospitalized for the management of COVID-19, with signs and/or symptoms suggestive of lower respiratory tract infection.
• The patient is expected to be discharged from the hospital within the next 24 hours.
• Medical condition other than the acute respiratory infection (and its manifestations) that is likely to result in death within 7 days of randomization.
• Use of a strong CYP3A inducer within 14 days prior to enrollment
• Moribund condition, defined as prior cardiac arrest during this hospitalization and life expectancy less than 48 hours of randomization.
• Patient undergoing comfort care measures only such that treatment focuses on end-of- life symptom management over prolongation of life.
• Expected inability or unwillingness to participate in study procedures.
• In the opinion of the investigator, participation in a trial is not in the best interest of the patient.
• Allergy to investigational agent or vehicle
• Use of a concomitant medication that is contraindicated due to a drug-drug interaction with S-217622
• Moderate to severe hepatic impairment (i.e., Child-Pugh class B or C) or acute liver failure.
• Known estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGRF) <30 mL/min/1.73m 2
• Continuous renal replacement therapy or chronic dialysis
• Current pregnancy
• Current breastfeeding and unwillingness to defer breastfeeding for 30 days after the last dose of investigational agent.
• Women of child-bearing potential who are unwilling to abstain from sexual intercourse with men or practice appropriate contraception through 30 days from the last dose of the investigational agent.
• Men who are unwilling to abstain from sexual intercourse with women of child- bearing potential or to use barrier contraception through 30 days from the last dose of the investigational agent.
• Inability to take investigational agent in tablet form by mouth.
A Trial Comparing Unrelated Donor BMT With IST for Pediatric and Young Adult Patients With Severe Aplastic Anemia (TransIT, BMT CTN 2202) (TransIT)
Severe Aplastic Anemia (SAA) is a rare condition in which the body stops producing enough new blood cells. SAA can be cured with immune suppressive therapy or a bone marrow transplant. Regular treatment for patients with aplastic anemia who have a matched sibling (brother or sister), or family donor is a bone marrow transplant. Patients without a matched family donor normally are treated with immune suppressive therapy (IST). Match unrelated donor (URD) bone marrow transplant (BMT) is used as a secondary treatment in patients who did not get better with IST, had their disease come back, or a new worse disease replaced it (like leukemia). This trial will compare time from randomization to failure of treatment or death from any cause of IST versus URD BMT when used as initial therapy to treat SAA. The trial will also assess whether health-related quality of life and early markers of fertility differ between those randomized to URD BMT or IST, as well as assess the presence of marrow failure-related genes and presence of gene mutations associated with MDS or leukemia and the change in gene signatures after treatment in both study arms. This study treatment does not include any investigational drugs. The medicines and procedures in this study are standard for treatment of SAA.
• Provision of signed and dated informed consent form for the randomized trial by patient and/or legal guardian.
• Age ≤25 years old at time of randomized trial consent.
• Confirmed diagnosis of idiopathic SAA, defined as:
• Bone marrow cellularity <25%, or <30% hematopoietic cells.
• Two of three of the following (in peripheral blood): neutrophils <0.5 x 10^9/L, platelets <20 x 10^9/L, absolute reticulocyte count <60 x 10^9/L or hemoglobin <8 g/dL.
• No suitable fully matched related donor available (minimum 6/6 match for HLA-A and B at intermediate or high resolution and DRB1 at high resolution using DNA based typing).
• At least 2 unrelated donors noted on NMDP search who are well matched (9/10 or 10/10 for HLA-A, B, C, DRB1, and DQB1 using high resolution).
• In the treating physician's opinion, no obvious contraindications precluding them from BMT or IST.
• Presence of Inherited bone marrow failure syndromes (IBMFS). The diagnosis of Fanconi anemia must be excluded by diepoxybutane (DEB) or equivalent testing on peripheral blood or marrow. Telomere length testing should be sent on all patients to exclude Dyskeratosis Congenita (DC), but if results are delayed or unavailable and there are no clinical manifestations of DC, patients may enroll. If patients have clinical characteristics suspicious for Shwachman-Diamond syndrome, this disorder should be excluded by pancreatic isoamylase testing or gene mutation analysis (note: pancreatic isoamylase testing is not useful in children <3). Other testing per center may be performed to exclude IBMFS.
• Clonal cytogenetic abnormalities or Fluorescence In-Situ Hybridization (FISH) pattern consistent with pre- myelodysplastic syndrome (pre-MDS) or MDS on marrow examination.
• Known severe allergy to ATG.
• Prior allogeneic or autologous stem cell transplant.
• Prior solid organ transplant.
• Infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
• Active Hepatitis B or C. This only needs to be excluded in patients where there is clinical suspicion of hepatitis (e.g., elevated LFTs).
• Female patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding.
• Prior malignancies except resected basal cell carcinoma or treated cervical carcinoma in situ.
• Disease modifying treatment prior to study enrollment, including but not limited to use of androgens, eltrombopag, romiplostim, or immune suppression. Note: Supportive care measures such as G-CSF, blood transfusion support and antibiotics are allowable
ONC201 in H3 K27M-mutant Diffuse Glioma Following Radiotherapy (the ACTION Study) (ACTION)
This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, international, Phase 3 study in patients with newly diagnosed H3 K27M-mutant diffuse glioma to assess whether treatment with ONC201 following frontline radiotherapy will extend overall survival and progression-free survival in this population. Eligible participants will have histologically diagnosed H3 K27M-mutant diffuse glioma and have completed standard frontline radiotherapy.
• Able to understand the study procedures and agree to participate in the study by providing written informed consent (by participant or legally authorized representative), and assent when applicable.
• Body weight ≥ 10 kg at time of randomization.
• Histologically diagnosed H3 K27M-mutant diffuse glioma (new diagnosis). Detection of a missense K27M mutation in any histone H3-encoding gene detected by testing of tumor tissue (immunohistochemistry [IHC] or next-generation sequencing [NGS] in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments [CLIA]-certified or equivalent laboratory). [Site to provide (as available): ≥ 10 unstained formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) slides from tumor tissue.]
• At least one, high-quality, contrast-enhanced MRI of the brain obtained prior to starting radiotherapy for submission to sponsor's imaging vendor for central read. For participants who had a surgical resection, this scan must be post-resection; for participants who did not have a resection, this scan may be pre- or post-biopsy.
• At least one, high-quality, contrast-enhanced MRI of the brain obtained 2 to 6 weeks after completion of frontline radiotherapy. [Site to also provide all available MRIs completed prior to initiating treatment with study intervention.]
• Completed standard frontline radiotherapy within 2 to 6 weeks prior to randomization. Standard frontline radiotherapy is defined as a dose of 54 to 60 Gy at 1.8 to 2.2 Gy/fraction. Radiotherapy must be initiated within 12 weeks from initial diagnosis of H3 K27M-mutant diffuse glioma and within 8 weeks of most recent surgical resection/biopsy.
• Karnofsky Performance Status or Lansky Performance Status ≥ 70 at time of randomization.
• Stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroids and anti-seizure medications for 7 days prior to randomization, if applicable. Stable steroid dose is defined as ≤ 2 mg/day increase (based on dexamethasone dose or equivalent dose of an alternative steroid).
• Primary spinal tumor.
• Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG), defined as tumors with a pontine epicenter and diffuse involvement of the pons.
• Evidence of leptomeningeal spread of disease or cerebrospinal fluid dissemination.
• Any known concurrent malignancy.
• New lesion(s) outside of the radiation field.
• Received whole-brain radiotherapy.
• Received proton therapy for glioma.
• Use of any of the following treatments within the specified time periods prior to randomization:
• ONC201 or ONC206 at any time.
• Bevacizumab (includes biosimilars) at any time.
• Temozolomide within past 3 weeks.
• Tumor treating fields at any time.
• DRD2 antagonist within past 2 weeks.
• Any investigational therapy within past 4 weeks.
• Strong CYP3A4/5 inhibitors within 3 days.
• Strong CYP3A4/5 inducers (includes enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs) within 2 weeks.
• Laboratory test results meeting any of the following parameters within 2 weeks prior to randomization:
• Absolute neutrophil count < 1.0 × 109/L or platelets < 75 × 109/L.
• Total bilirubin > 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN) (participants with Gilbert's syndrome may be included with total bilirubin > 1.5 × ULN if direct bilirubin is ≤ 1.5 × ULN).
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 2.5 × ULN.
• Creatinine clearance ≤ 60 mL/min as calculated by the Cockcroft Gault equation (or estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2).
• QTc > 480 msec (based on mean from triplicate electrocardiograms) during screening.
• Known hypersensitivity to any excipients used in the study intervention formulation.
• Pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant while receiving study intervention or within 3 months after the last dose. Participants of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study intervention.
• Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection requiring systemic therapy or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
• Any other condition (eg, medical, psychiatric, or social) that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with participant safety or the ability to complete the study according to the protocol.
A Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy Study of NC410 Plus Pembrolizumab in Participants With Advanced Unresectable or Metastatic Solid Tumors
This is an open-label, non-randomized, Phase 1b/2 study to determine the safety and tolerability of NC410 when combined with a standard dose of Pembrolizumab. This study will also assess the clinical benefit of combination therapy in participants with advanced unresectable and/or metastatic ICI refractory solid tumors OR ICI naïve MSS/MSI-low solid tumors
• Be 18 years of age on day of signing informed consent.
• Participant with histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of the following advanced unresectable and/or metastatic solid tumors:
• Phase 1b: Participants with solid tumors that are known to be associated as MSS/MSI-low in the majority including: CRC, Gastric including GE junction, Esophageal, Ovarian, and H&N cancer (regardless of prior treatment with ICIs). Note: Participants must have had disease progression after at least one line of systemic standard of care therapy prior to enrollment. Participants who discontinue standard treatment due to intolerance or refuse standard treatment will also be eligible to enroll.
• Phase 2 ICI Refractory Solid Tumors (Cohort 1): Participants with solid tumors including CRC, Gastric including GE junction, Esophageal, Endometrial, H&N, Lung, Cervical and Ovarian cancer.Participants must have progressed on treatment with an anti-PD1/L1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) administered either as monotherapy, or in combination with other checkpoint inhibitors or other therapies. PD-1 treatment progression is defined by meeting all of the following criteria:
• Has received at least 2 doses of an approved anti-PD-1/L1 mAb.
• Has demonstrated disease progression after PD-1/L1 as defined by RECIST v1.1.
• Phase 2 ICI naïve Solid Tumors (Cohorts 2a-2c):Tumors known to be associated with MSS/MSI-low status such as CRC, Gastric including GE junction, and Ovarian cancer where participants have not been previously treated with ICIs. Note: Participants must have had disease progression after at least one line of systemic standard of care therapy prior to enrollment. Participants who discontinue standard treatment due to intolerance or refuse standard treatment will also be eligible to enroll. Note: Confirmation of MSS/MSI status should be assessed prior to study entry (either by historical result or during screening).
• A male participant must agree to use contraception and refrain from sperm donation or expecting to father a child, from Screening through the treatment period and for at least 120 days after the last dose of study treatment.
• A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant, not breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:
• Not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP)
• A WOCBP who agrees to follow contraceptive guidance outlined in the protocol from Screening through the treatment period and for at least 120 days after the last dose of study treatment.
• Have measurable disease per RECIST 1.1 as assessed by the local site investigator/radiology. Lesions situated in a previously irradiated area are considered measurable if progression has been demonstrated in such lesions.
• Able to provide tumor tissue sample at Screening, archival (≤ 5 years old) or newly obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion not previously irradiated. Formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue blocks are preferred to slides. Newly obtained biopsies are preferred to archived tissue.
• Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 1.
• Life expectancy greater than or equal to 12 weeks as judged by the Investigator.
• Have adequate organ function as defined in the protocol.
• Participants who are HBsAg positive are eligible if they have received HBV antiviral therapy for at least 4 weeks and have undetectable HBV viral load prior to screening. Participants should remain on anti-viral therapy throughout study intervention and follow local guidelines for HBV anti-viral therapy post completion of study intervention.
• Hepatitis B screening tests are not required unless:
• Known history of HBV infection
• As mandated by local health authority
• Participants with history of HCV infection are eligible if HCV viral load is undetectable at screening. Participants must have completed curative anti-viral therapy at least 4 weeks prior to screening.
• Hepatitis C screening tests are not required unless:
• Known history of HCV infection
• As mandated by local health authority
• A WOCBP who has a positive urine pregnancy test (within 72 hours) prior to treatment. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
• Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti PD L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (e.g., CTLA-4, OX40, CD137), and was discontinued from that treatment due to a Grade 3 or higher irAE.
• Has received prior systemic anti-cancer therapy including investigational agents within 4 weeks (could consider shorter interval for kinase inhibitors or other short half-life drugs) prior to treatment. Note: Participants must have recovered from all AEs due to previous therapies to ≤ Grade 1 or baseline. Participants with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy may be eligible. Participants with endocrine-related AEs Grade ≤ 2 requiring treatment or hormone replacement may be eligible. If the participant had major surgery, the participant must have recovered adequately from the procedure and/or any complications from the surgery prior to starting study intervention.
• Has received prior radiotherapy within 2 weeks of start of study treatment or has had a history of radiation pneumonitis. Note: Participants must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities and do not require corticosteroids. A 1-week washout is permitted for palliative radiation (≤ 2 weeks of radiotherapy) to non-CNS disease.
• Has received G-CSF or GM-CSF within 7 days prior to start of study treatment.
• Has received a live or live-attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study intervention. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox/zoster, yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette Guérin, and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed.
• Receipt of COVID-19 vaccine within ≤ 14 days prior to first administration of study treatments. For 2-dose COVID-19 vaccines or COVID-19 booster, participants must wait at least 14-days after administration prior to beginning study treatment.
• Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment. Participants who have entered the follow-up phase of an investigational study may participate as long as it has been 4 weeks after the last dose of the previous investigational agent.
• Has had an allogeneic tissue/stem cell/solid organ transplant.
• Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
• Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 3 years. Participants with basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ, excluding carcinoma in situ of bladder, that have undergone potentially curative therapy are not excluded.
• Has known active CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Participants with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are radiologically stable, i.e., without evidence of progression for at least 4 weeks by repeat imaging (note that the repeat imaging should be performed during study screening), clinically stable and without requirement of steroid treatment for at least 14 days prior to first dose of study treatment.
• Has severe hypersensitivity (≥ Grade 3), known allergy or reaction to Pembrolizumab, NC410, and/or any of their excipients.
• Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency) is not considered a form of systemic treatment and is allowed.
• Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis / interstitial lung disease that required steroids or has current pneumonitis / interstitial lung disease.
• Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
• Has a known history of HIV infection. No HIV testing is required unless mandated by local health authority.
• Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality, or other circumstance that might confound the results of the study or interfere with the participant's participation for the full duration of the study, such that it is not in the best interest of the participant to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
• Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the participant's ability to cooperate with the requirements of the study.
Risk Indicators of Sarcoidosis Evolution-Unified Protocol (RISE-UP)
The purpose of this study is to develop prediction models that can prognosticate patients with sarcoidosis using clinical data and blood markers that can be obtained during a clinic visit.
• Adults with a diagnosis of sarcoidosis over the age of 18
• Case definition: we will follow the 1999 statement on sarcoidosis published by the American Thoracic Society for diagnosis which includes tissue biopsy confirmation and exclusion of alternative diagnoses including beryllium sensitization/chronic beryllium disease, mycobacterial, viral, and/or fungal infection
• Inability to tolerate study procedures as determined by the investigator
• Pregnant or breastfeeding
• Concurrent medical diagnoses that would influence the expression of biomarkers will be considered an exclusion criterion. This includes diseases such as common variable immunodeficiency, HIV infection, or autoimmune diseases
• Concurrent interstitial lung diseases such as hypersensitivity pneumonitis or idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
• Hematocrit (Packed Cell Volume) < 25%
A Clinical Trial of a New Combination Treatment, Domvanalimab and Zimberelimab, Plus Chemotherapy, for People With an Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Cancer That Cannot be Removed With Surgery That Has Spread to Other Parts of the Body (STAR-221)
This randomized Phase 3 open-label study will compare the efficacy of the T-cell immunoglobulin and immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) domain (TIGIT) monoclonal antibody domvanalimab, the anti programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody zimberelimab, and multiagent chemotherapy versus the anti PD-1 monoclonal antibody nivolumab and multiagent chemotherapy in the first-line treatment of participants with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastric, gastroesophageal junction (GEJ), and esophageal adenocarcinoma.
• Age >= 18 years at the time of signing the informed consent.
• Capable of giving signed informed consent which is in compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the informed consent form (ICF) and in protocol.
• Histologically confirmed diagnosis of locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastric, GEJ, or esophageal adenocarcinoma.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Score of 0-1.
• At least one measurable target lesion per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1.
• Underlying medical or psychiatric conditions that, in the investigator's or sponsor's opinion, will make the administration of study-specified therapy hazardous, including but not limited to:
• Interstitial lung disease, including history of interstitial lung disease or non-infectious pneumonitis. Active viral, bacterial, or fungal infections requiring parenteral treatment within 14 days of randomization.
• Clinically significant cardiovascular disease, such as New York Heart Association Class II or greater cardiac disease or cerebrovascular accident within 3 months prior to randomization, unstable angina, or new onset angina within 3 months prior to randomization, myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to randomization, or unstable arrhythmia within 3 months prior to randomization.
• History of prior solid-organ transplantation, including allogenic bone marrow transplantation.
• Dementia, psychiatric, or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with satisfying the requirements of the trial.
• Known human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) positive tumor.
• Known untreated, symptomatic, or actively progressing central nervous system (CNS) (brain) metastases. Participants with leptomeningeal metastases are excluded from enrollment.
• Received prior systemic treatment for locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastric, GEJ, or esophageal adenocarcinoma.
• Disease progression within 6 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy. Other protocol defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria may apply.
Cognitive Outcomes of Brain Stimulation As a Later-in-Life Treatment (COBALT)
This is a pilot study being done to attempt to improve episodic memory problems in persons with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia. The pre-supplemental motor area (preSMA) and dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) have been shown to play a role in episodic memory and language retrieval. Prior studies have suggested that neurostimulation targeting this region can improve episodic memory and word recall. The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy of high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS) to the preSMA/dACC region and its influence on word retrieval and other cognitive functions in patients with MCI or dementia. Entraining the preSMA/dACC circuit with 10 sessions of HD-tDCS will allow us to study whether neurostimulation may be an effective treatment.
Study of Tecovirimat for Human Monkeypox Virus (STOMP)
A5418 is a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study to establish the efficacy of tecovirimat for the treatment of people with laboratory-confirmed or presumptive HMPXV disease.
• Laboratory-confirmed or presumptive HMPXV infection.
• HMPXV illness of <14 days duration immediately prior to study entry.
• At least one active (not yet scabbed) skin lesion, mouth lesion, or proctitis with or without visible ulcers.
• Non-pregnant people of reproductive potential must agree to use at least one effective means of contraception when engaging in sexual activities that can result in pregnancy, from the time of enrollment through the end of study participation. Additional Inclusion Criteria for Arms A and B:
• Age ≥18 years at the time of study entry Additional Inclusion Criteria for Arm C; Participants who meet the above entry criteria who also meet any of the following criteria will be registered to Arm C:
• Participants age <18 years at the time of study entry
• Those with severe HMPXV disease Those with or without severe disease and with one or more of the following will also be enrolled into Arm C:
• Severe immunosuppression
• Skin conditions placing the person at higher risk for disseminated infection Exclusion Criteria (All participants; Arms A, B, and C):
• Prior or concomitant receipt of tecovirimat (e.g., under an alternative access mechanism.
• Planned initiation of intramuscular cabotegravir/rilpivirine during study drug administration or for two weeks following completion of study drug administration. Participants who are stable on long-acting intramuscular cabotegravir/rilpivirine may enroll.
• Participants who, in the judgement of the investigator, will be at significantly increased risk as a result of participation in the study.
• Participants who require intravenous dosing of tecovirimat.
Furoscix in Heart Failure Patients With Diuretic Resistance (RESISTANCE-HF)
This will be a randomized, open-label pilot study of 60 patients with and without diuretic resistance who were recently admitted and discharged for acute decompensated heart failure with and oral diuretic regimen testing whether Furoscix is more effective at achieving post-discharge outpatient diuresis than standard of care. Diuretic resistance will be identified using the BAN-ADHF (BUN, creAtinine, NP-levels, Age, Diabetes and DBP, HF hospitalization, and atrial Fibrillation) score which has been integrated into the electronic health record. The score is integer-based with a score of > 11 indicating diuretic resistance with high likelihood of poor outcomes. The primary outcome is diuretic efficacy as measured by volume of urine produced 8 hours after treatment and urine sodium levels (assessed hourly or per urination episode within 8 hours of treatment).
• English speaking patients discharged after ward hospitalization for acute decompensated heart failure with admission NT-proBNP >1000
• Able to be screened and enrolled within 14 days of hospitalization
• Recent echocardiogram (6 months or less)
• Discharged with home diuretic regimen
• Chronic kidney disease stage 5 (GFR<15) or End Stage Kidney Disease
• Systolic blood pressure <100
• ICU hospitalization within 3 months
• Inotrope use within last 3 months
• Home inotropes
• Electrolyte abnormalities on discharge
• Inadequate data for BAN-ADHF score
• Prior heart transplantation or left ventricular assist device
• Low-output heart failure
• Concurrent use of non-loop diuretic
• Advanced liver disease
• Severe malnutrition
• Skin/Soft tissue condition precluding Furoscix
• Inability to collect urine
A Study of TAK-341 in Treatment of Multiple System Atrophy
The main aim is to see how TAK-341 works after 52 weeks in participants with multiple system atrophy as measured by the Unified Multiple System Atrophy Rating Scale Part I (UMSARS). The study will enroll approximately 138 patients. Participants will receive a total of 13 intravenous infusions every 4 weeks approximately, these may be either of TAK-341 or placebo, after each infusion some blood samplings will be taken and other assessments completed. This trial will be conducted in North America, Europe and Asia.
• The participant has a diagnosis of possible or probable MSA using the modified Gilman et al, 2008 diagnostic criteria.
• The participant's onset of first MSA symptoms occurred ≤4 years before screening, as assessed by the investigator.
• Evidence of MSA specific symptoms and deficits as measured by the UMSARS scale. Exclusion criteria: Medical History:
• The participant has any contraindication to study procedures. Diagnostic Assessments:
• Presence of confounding diagnosis and/or conditions that could affect participant's safety during the study per investigator judgement.
• The participant's participation in a previous study of a disease-modifying therapy (with proven receipt of active treatment) will compromise the interpretability of the data from the present study, per consultation with medical monitor or designee. Other:
• The participant has participated in another study investigating active or passive immunization against α-synuclein (αSYN) for progressive disease (PD) or MSA, or has had immunoglobulin G therapy, within 6 months before screening.
A Study of Evorpacept (ALX148) With Enfortumab Vedotin for Subjects With Urothelial Carcinoma (ASPEN-07)
AT148007 is a Phase 1, open-label, multicenter, safety, pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic study of ALX148 in combination with enfortumab vedotin and/or other anticancer therapies in subjects with urothelial carcinoma.
• Histologically confirmed, unresectable locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma.
• Must have received prior treatment with an immune checkpoint inhibitor (CPI).
• Subjects must have received prior treatment with platinum-containing chemotherapy.
• Subjects must have had progression or recurrence of urothelial cancer.
• Subjects must have measurable disease according to RECIST (Version 1.1).
• Adequate bone marrow function.
• Adequate renal function.
• Adequate liver function.
• Adequate Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status.
• Preexisting sensory or motor neuropathy Grade ≥2.
• Presence of symptomatic or uncontrolled central nervous system (CNS) metastases.
• Prior treatment with enfortumab vedotin or other monomethylauristatin (MMAE)-based antibody-drug conjugate (ADCs)
• Prior treatment with any anti-CD47 or anti-signal regulatory protein-α (SIRPα) agent.
• Known active keratitis or corneal ulcerations. Subjects with superficial punctate keratitis are allowed if the disorder is being adequately treated.
• History of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus within 3 months of the first dose of study drug.
A Study of RGLS8429 in Patients With Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease
Primary Objectives - To assess the safety and tolerability of RGLS8429 - To assess the impact of RGLS8429 on ADPKD biomarkers Secondary Objectives - To assess the impact of RGLS8429 on height-adjusted total kidney volume (htTKV) - To characterize the pharmacokinetic (PK) properties of RGLS8429 - To assess the impact of RGLS8429 on renal function
• Male or female ADPKD patients, 18 to 70 years old
• Class 1C, 1D, or 1E Mayo Imaging Classification of ADPKD (based upon either the MRI obtained during screening, or a prior MRI obtained within 5 years of screening with documented Mayo classification)
• eGFR between 30 to 90 mL/min/1.73 m2
• Body mass index (BMI) 18 to 35 kg/m2
• Must understand and consent to the study procedures explained in the ICF and be willing and able to comply with the protocol Key
• Administration of tolvaptan in the 28 days before randomization
• Subject is mentally incapacitated or has significant emotional problems
• Any medical condition or social circumstance that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may make the subject unlikely to complete the study or comply with study procedures and requirements; or may pose a risk to the subject's safety
• History or presence of alcoholism or drug abuse within the past 2 years prior to screening
• Only one kidney or kidney transplant recipient
• Participation in another clinical trial and/or exposure to any investigational drug or approved therapy for investigational use within 28 days or 5 half-lives of the investigational drug's dosing, whichever is longer, prior to dosing. The 28-day or 5-half-life windows will be calculated from the date of the last dosing in the previous study to Day 1 of the current study.
Melpida: Recombinant Adeno-associated Virus (Serotype 9) Encoding a Codon Optimized Human AP4M1 Transgene (hAP4M1opt)
MELPIDA is proposed for the treatment of subjects with SPG50 and targets neuronal cells to deliver a fully functional human AP4M1 cDNA copy via intrathecal injection to counter the associated neuronal loss. Outcomes will evaluate the safety and tolerability of a single dose of MELPIDA, which will be measured by the treatment-associated adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs). Secondarily, the trial will explore efficacy in terms of disease burden assessments.
• Age 1-10 years old
• Confirmed diagnosis of SPG50 disease by:
• Genomic DNA mutation analysis demonstrating homozygous or compound heterozygous, confirmed pathogenic variants in the AP4M1 gene
• Clinical history or examination features consistent with SPG50 and that include neurologic dysfunction
• Parent/legal guardian willing to provide written informed consent for their child prior to participation in the study
• Subject able to comply with all protocol requirements and procedures
• Ability to stand for more than 5 seconds OR
• Ability to take 5 steps independently or with a walker OR
• Modified Ashworth Scale score 2 or below (Ankles).
• Inability to participate in study procedures (as determined by the site investigator)
• Presence of a concomitant medical condition that precludes lumbar puncture (LP) or use of anesthetics
• History of bleeding disorder or any other medical condition or circumstance in which lumbar puncture is contraindicated according to local institutional policy
• Inability to be safely sedated in the opinion of the clinical anesthesiologist
• Active infection, at the time of dosing, based on clinical observations
• Concomitant illness or requirement for chronic drug treatment that in the opinion of the PI creates unnecessary risks for gene transfer
• Inability of the patient to undergo MRI according to local institutional policy
• Inability of the patient to undergo any other procedure required in this study
• The presence of significant non-SPG50 related CNS impairment or behavioral disturbances that would confound the scientific rigor or interpretation of results of the study
• Have received an investigational drug within 30 days prior to screening or plan to receive an investigational drug (other than gene therapy) during the study.
• Enrollment and participation in another interventional clinical trial
• Contraindication to MELPIDA or any of its ingredients
• Contraindication to any of the immune suppression medications used in this study
• Clinically significant abnormal laboratory values (GGT, ALT, and AST, or total bilirubin > 3 × ULN, creatinine ≥ 1.5 mg/dL, hemoglobin [Hgb] < 6 or > 20 g/dL; white blood cell [WBC] > 20,000 per cmm) prior to gene replacement therapy.
Polypill in Acute Coronary Syndrome (POLY-ACS)
Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) represent a major contributor to mortality, morbidity, and healthcare costs. Effective therapies are widely available; however, adherence is low. This contributes to worse patient outcomes and increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The once-daily polypill leverages a population-based strategy that has previously demonstrated efficacy in improving adherence and access to therapy in low-resource settings, making it an innovative approach for improving post-ACS care. This study aims to investigate the utility of a polypill-based strategy for patients with ACS with drug eluting stent (DES) placement. The polypill will consist of a high-intensity statin (rosuvastatin 40 mg daily), aspirin 81 mg daily, and either clopidogrel 75 mg or prasugrel 10 mg daily.
• Patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention with drug eluting stent placement.
• Age < 18
• Estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 as measured by the simplified MDRD formula
• Current need for inotropes or with cardiac index < 2.2 L/min/m2
• History of coronary artery bypass graft surgery
• Current need for systemic anticoagulation
• Contraindication to receive any components of the polypill
• History of allergic reaction or intolerance to aspirin, prasugrel or rosuvastatin, or rosuvastatin
• Comorbidities that might be expected to limit lifespan within the 1-month study period
• Inability to provide written informed consent
Reduced-dose Botox for Urgency Incontinence Among Elder Females (RELIEF)
The purpose of this study is to study the treatment of urgency urinary incontinence (UUI), specifically among women 70 years and older, by comparing reduced versus standard dose of onabotulinumtoxinA (BTX; trade name BOTOX(c)) injection in the bladder.
• Adult female at least 70 years old at date of enrollment
• Urge-predominant mixed urinary incontinence (urge>stress per the MESA questionnaire)
• On average 2 or more urgency or insensible incontinence episodes per day per patient report
• Refractory urinary urgency incontinence, defined as
• Persistent symptoms despite trial of one or more conservative treatments (e.g. behavioral therapy, physical therapy, home Kegel exercises); participants not required to have attempted first line therapies if deemed not feasible or appropriate by provider with input of participant/caregiver.
• Persistent symptoms despite the use of anticholinergic and/or beta-3 agonist medication; or inability to tolerate medication due to side effects, or has a contraindication to taking medication, or is unable to afford the cost of the medication.
• Currently not on an anticholinergic or beta-3 agonist medication or is willing to stop medication for 3 weeks prior to completing baseline bladder tally, with plan to remain off medication through duration of the study. Currently not actively using sacral neuromodulation therapy (either has not tried, or unit has been off for 4 weeks prior to baseline bladder tally and will remain turned off for the duration of the study). It is permissible for participants to continue self-led conservative therapies during participation in the study, including Kegel exercises, avoidance of bladder irritants, and urge suppression.
• Willing and able to complete all study-related items, with assistance of caregiver(s) if needed.
• Demonstrates awareness of possible need for catheterization in event of post-injection urinary retention & acknowledges risks of catheterization. Participant does not need to demonstrate ability to perform self-catheterization.
• Grossly neurologically normal on exam and no gross systemic neurologic conditions believed to affect urinary function. Patients with a diagnosis of Parkinson's disease or diabetes may be eligible provided they have a grossly normal neurologic exam and otherwise fulfill the inclusion/exclusion criteria.
• Lack of capacity to provide consent. Will be assessed if needed per judgment of the site PI and study staff, with use of optional questionnaire.
• Baseline persistently elevated post-void residual [PVR] (>150mL on 2 occasions in the 6 weeks prior to enrollment). If the PVR was obtained via bladder scanner with measurements differing by more than 100mL, or if there is concern about the accuracy of the scanner, it will be confirmed via catheterization which will be considered the gold standard.
• Need for BTX injection to take place in the Operating Room or under sedation. (Of note, for repeat injection under the protocol, patients may have OR injection if indicated due to pain with initial BTX injection.)
• Previous treatment with intravesical BTX in the last 12 months or use of sacral neuromodulation therapy within the past 4 weeks (unit may remain implanted, but should remain off for duration of the study).
• Untreated symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI). Eligible once UTI treatment complete and symptoms resolved.
• Known bladder abnormality, including current or prior bladder malignancy, carcinoma in situ or untreatable cystitis (e.g. eosinophilic cystitis); prior major bladder surgery that would alter the detrusor muscle, such as augmentation cystoplasty; or hematuria that has not been evaluated.
• Neurogenic detrusor overactivity or neurologic disease that may impact bladder function, including stroke, multiple sclerosis, peripheral neuropathy, spinal cord injury. Conditions such as Parkinson's disease and diabetes are acceptable provided normal bladder emptying and grossly normal neurologic function.
• Concurrent BTX use for other indication, participants cannot exceed 300 units BTX in a 3 month period. Participants who may have conflict between study BTX administration and administration for other purposes may be excluded from participation if there is concern that study drug administration will be compromised. Concurrent use of BTX for another indication that would not exceed 300 units in a 3 month period, or that can have time of administration of the other BTX adjusted to avoid excessive dose, is acceptable; for instance, for migraines.
• Greater than stage 2 pelvic floor prolapse, uncorrected or persistent despite pessary use (leading edge of prolapse not greater than 1cm beyond the hymen). Ongoing pessary use is permissible. Patients may have had a prior repair for pelvic organ prolapse. (see chart review of recent exam or perform brief exam while collecting post-void residual)
• Planned prolapse or stress incontinence surgery; would defer enrollment to >3 months post-operative.
• Allergy or intolerance to lidocaine or BTX.
• Participation in another research study that could conflict with the RELIEF study, in estimation of the site PI.